Military Review

12 Russian-Turkish Wars

54
Over the past 500 years, Russia has repeatedly fought with Turkey. Let us recall the most significant military conflicts between the two powers.



N. Dmitriev-Orenburg. Crossing of the Russian army across the Danube at Zimnitsa 15 June 1877

1. ASTRAKHAN'S ROUTE OF KASIMA-PASHI

That was the time of the military power of the Ottoman Empire. But the Muscovite kingdom also intensified, spreading its influence to the shores of the Caspian. Sultan Selim II pursued a policy of rejection from the Russian state of Astrakhan. In 1569, a large Turkish army under the command of an experienced commander, Kashima Pasha, moved to the shores of the Volga.

The Sultan’s order expressed far-reaching plans: to take Astrakhan, to begin work on the construction of a canal that would connect the Volga and the Don. In Azov, there was a Turkish squadron. If she came to the walls of Astrakhan along the canal, the Turks would have fixed themselves for a long time in this land. The 50-thousandth army of Krymchaks also came to the aid of the Turks. However, the skillful actions of the governor Peter Serebryansky-Obolensky violated Selim's plans.

Cossack cavalry also helped. After a bold and unexpected attack of Russian warriors, Kasim was forced to lift the siege of Astrakhan. Soon, the Russian territory was cleared of uninvited guests.

2. CHIGIRIN'S 1672 – 1681 TRIPS

Getman of Right-Bank Ukraine Petro Doroshenko fell under Turkish influence. Fearing an invasion of Left-Bank Ukraine, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich ordered regular troops and Cossacks to begin hostilities against the Turks and Doroshenko's troops.

As a result, the Russians and Zaporozhtsy jointly occupied the city of Chigirin. Subsequently, he passed from hand to hand more than once, and the war ended with the Bakhchisaray Peace Treaty of the Year 1681, which secured the border between Russia and Turkey along the Dnieper.

3. RUSSIAN-TURKISH WAR 1686 – 1700

The basis of the anti-Turkish coalition in that war was laid by Austria and Poland. Russia entered the war in 1686, when another war with the Poles ended in a peace treaty. Crimean troops from 1682, regularly invaded Russian territory. It should stop. The rules in Moscow then princess Sophia. In 1687 and 1689, her right hand — the boyar Vasily Golitsyn — took trips to the Crimea.

However, he could not manage to supply the troops with fresh water, and the campaigns had to be interrupted. Peter I, entrenched on the throne, suffered military operations under the Azov. The first Azov campaign, 1695, ended in failure, but in 1696, the Russian troops under the command of our first generalissimo Alexei Shein managed to force the fortress to surrender. In 1700, the capture of Azov was enshrined in the Treaty of Constantinople.

4. PRUTSKY 1710 – 1713 TRIP

The Swedish king Charles XII hid in Turkey after the collapse of Poltava. In response to the demands to extradite him, Turkey declared war on Russia. Tsar Peter I personally led the campaign towards the Turks. The Russian army moved towards Prut. The Turks managed to concentrate a huge army there: together with the Crimean cavalry there were about 200 thousands. In Novaya Stalineshti Russian troops were surrounded.

The Turkish assault managed to repel, the Ottomans with losses retreated. However, the position of Peter's army became desperate because of the actual blockade. Under the terms of the Prut Peace Treaty, the Turks pledged to release the Russian army from the encirclement.

But Russia promised to give Turkey Azov, to tear down the fortifications of Taganrog and a number of other southern forts, to give Karl XII the opportunity to move to Sweden.

5. RUSSIAN-TURKISH WAR 1735 – 1739

The war was supposed to stop the continuing Crimean raids. Field Marshal Burkhard Minich's army acted successfully. In 1736, having broken through Perekop, the Russians occupied Bakhchisarai. A year later, Munnich takes Ochakov. Only the plague epidemic forced the Russians to retreat.

But in 1739, victories continued. Having utterly routed the Turks, the army of Munnich captured Khotyn and Iasi. Young Mikhailo Lomonosov responded with a resounding ode to these victories.

However, diplomacy let us down: the Belgrade peace treaty secured only Azov for Russia. The Black Sea remained Turkish ...

6. RUSSIAN-TURKISH WAR 1768 – 1774

Sultan Mustafa III declared war on Russia, taking advantage of an insignificant reason: a detachment of Zaporozhye Cossacks, pursuing the Poles, broke into the city of Balta, which belonged to the Ottoman Empire. The subjects of Empress Catherine II acted energetically: the Baltic squadron was transferred to the Mediterranean Sea under the command of Alexei Orlov fleet.

In 1770, at Chesma and Chios, Russian sailors defeat the Turkish fleet. In the same year, in the summer, the army of Peter Rumyantsev smashes the main forces of the Turks and Krymchaks at Ryaboi Mohyla, Largi and Kagula. In 1771, Vasily Dolgorukov’s army occupies the Crimea. Crimean Khanate passes under the protectorate of Russia. In 1774, the Russian army under the command of Alexander Suvorov and Mikhail Kamensky defeats the superior Turkish forces at Kozludzha.

According to the Kyuchuk-Kainarji peace treaty, the steppe between the Dnieper and the Southern Bug, the Great and the Small Kabarda, the Azov, the Kerch, the Kinburn, the Enikale departed to Russia. And most importantly - the Crimea gained independence from Turkey. Russia entrenched on the Black Sea.

7. RUSSIAN-TURKISH WAR 1787 – 1791

On the eve of this war, Crimea and Kuban became part of the Russian Empire. Not satisfied with Russia and the St. George treatise concluded between Russia and the Georgian kingdom. Istanbul issued an ultimatum to Russia demanding the abandonment of the Crimea and Georgia. Thus began a new war, which showed the power of the Russian weapons. On land, Suvorov wins at Kinburn, Focsani, Rymnik, capture of Ochakov by the troops of Grigory Potemkin.

12 Russian-Turkish Wars

Storm Ochakov. Engraving by A. Berg. 1792 year

At sea - the victories of Admiral Fyodor Ushakov under Fidonisi and Tendre. In December 1790, the Russian troops under the command of Suvorov, stormed, took the impregnable Ishmael, in which the 35-thousandth Turkish army was concentrated.

In the 1791 year - the victory of Nikolai Repnin with Machine and Ushakov - with Kaliakria. In the Caucasus, Ivan Gudovich's troops occupy Anapa. The Yassy peace treaty secured the Crimea and Ochakov for Russia, and the border between the two empires moved as far as the Dniester. Contribution was also provided. But Russia refused it, having spared the impoverished budget of the Sultan.

8. RUSSIAN-TURKISH WAR 1806 – 1812

The new war began as a result of the struggle for influence over Moldova and Wallachia. Russia participated in the Napoleonic wars, but was forced to fight in the south ... 1 July 1807, the Russian squadron of Admiral Dmitry Senyavin smashes the Turkish fleet at Athos.

A.P. Bogolyubov. Athos battle 19 June 1807 of the year

In 1811, Mikhail Kutuzov became commander of the Danube army. His skillful tactical actions in the Rushuka area and skillful diplomacy forced the Turks to conclude a peace treaty advantageous for Russia.

Russia passed to the eastern part of the Moldavian principality. Turkey also pledged to ensure the internal autonomy of Orthodox Serbia, which was under Ottoman rule.

9. RUSSIAN-TURKISH WAR 1828 – 1829

Greeks and Bulgarians fought for independence from Turkey. Sultan Mahmud II began to strengthen the Danube fortresses and, in violation of the treaties, blocked the Bosphorus. Emperor Nicholas I declared war on Turkey. The fighting began in Moldova and Wallachia, as well as in the Caucasus.


Count Ivan Dibich-Zabalkansky. Engraving 1831 of the year

A major success of the Russian weapon was the capture of Kars in June 1828. Small Russian troops occupied Poti and Bayazet. In 1829, General Ivan Dibich distinguished himself by his skillful actions at the European theater of war.

The world of Adrianople Russia concluded on the basis that the preservation of the Ottoman Empire is more profitable for us than its collapse. Russia was satisfied with moderate territorial acquisitions (at the mouth of the Danube and in the Caucasus), indemnity and confirmation of Greece’s rights to autonomy.

10. CRIMEAN WAR 1853 – 1855

The reason for the war was a diplomatic conflict with France and Turkey over the ownership of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. Russia occupied Moldavia and Wallachia. At the beginning of the war, the Russian squadron under the command of Admiral Pavel Nakhimov defeated the Turkish fleet in the Bay of Sinop. But the allies of the Ottoman Empire — the French, the British, the Sardinians — actively entered the war. They managed to land a large landing corps in the Crimea.


I.K. Aivazovsky. Sinop fight

In the Crimea, the Russian army suffered a series of defeats. The heroic defense of Sevastopol continued for 11 months, after which the Russian troops had to leave the southern part of the city. On the Caucasian front, things were better for Russia.

Troops under the command of Nikolai Muravyov occupied Kars. The Paris Peace Treaty of 1856 of the Year led to the infringement of Russia's interests.

Relatively small territorial concessions (the mouth of the Danube, Southern Bessarabia) were aggravated by the ban on keeping a navy on the Black Sea - both for Russia and for Turkey. At the same time, Turkey had a fleet in the Marmara and Mediterranean seas.

11. RUSSIAN-TURKISH WAR 1877 – 1878


It was a war for the freedom of the Balkan peoples, above all the Bulgarian ones. Russian officers have long dreamed of a liberation campaign in the Balkans. The Turks brutally suppressed the April uprising in Bulgaria. Diplomacy failed to win concessions from them, and in April 1877, Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire. The fighting began in the Balkans and the Caucasus.

After the successful crossing of the Danube, the offensive began across the Balkan Range, in which the advance guard of General Joseph Gurko distinguished himself. By July 17 was busy Shipka Pass. The Russian attack was supported by the Bulgarian militia.

After a long siege, Pleven surrendered. 4 January 1878, the Russian troops occupy Sofia, and 20 January, after several victories over the Turks, Adrianople.

The road to Istanbul was opened ... In February, a preliminary San Stefano peace treaty was signed, the terms of which, however, were revised in favor of Austria at the Berlin Congress, which opened in the summer. As a result, Russia returned Southern Bessarabia, acquired the Kara region and Batum. A decisive step was taken towards the liberation of Bulgaria.

12. WORLD WARS
FIRST WORLD CAUCASUS FRONT


Turkey was part of the Fourth Alliance - a military-political bloc that united Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey. At the end of 1914, the Turkish army invaded the territory of the Russian Empire. The Russian counterstrike was crushing.

Under Sarykamysh, the Russian Caucasian army defeated the superior forces of Enver Pasha. The Turks retreated with considerable losses. Russian troops fought with Erzurum and Trabzon. The Turks attempted a counter-offensive, but were again defeated. In 1916, the troops of Generals Nikolai Yudenich and Dmitry Abatziev occupy Bitlis. Russia successfully fought against the Turks in Persia.
The war ended with revolutionary events in both Russia and Turkey, which changed the fate of these powers.

TURKEY IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR


On the eve of World War II, diplomats of all major powers were actively working in Turkey. In the summer of 1940, at the height of the power of the Third Reich, Turkey signed an agreement on economic cooperation with Germany. 18 June 1941 Turkey concluded a Treaty of Friendship and Non-Aggression with Germany.
In the World War, Turkey held sovereignty. However, in the summer of the 1942 of the year, when Germany advanced on Stalingrad and the Caucasus, Turkey mobilized and redeployed the 750-thousandth army to the Soviet border. Many politicians of that time
They were convinced that in the event of the fall of Stalingrad, Turkey would enter the war on the side of Germany and invade the territory of the USSR.
After the defeat of the Nazis in Stalingrad, the war against the USSR was out of the question. But attempts to involve Turkey in the anti-Hitler coalition remained unsuccessful.

Turkey continued economic cooperation with Germany until August 1944. 23 February 1945 Turkey, under the pressure of circumstances, formally declared war on Germany, but did not provide military assistance to the anti-Hitler coalition.
Author:
Originator:
http://историк.рф/special_posts/12-русско-турецких-войн/
54 comments
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  1. Woolfy
    Woolfy 6 December 2015 07: 14
    10
    Thanks to the authors
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Aleksander
      Aleksander 6 December 2015 11: 49
      +3
      Quote: Woolfy
      Thanks to the authors


      Thanks, of course, but blunders like "In the World War, Turkey kept sovereignty belay "
      could have been avoided.
  2. yuriy55
    yuriy55 6 December 2015 07: 21
    +1
    Good selection. Timely ... yes
    1. Consul-t
      Consul-t 6 December 2015 11: 43
      +8
      Only nothing is said about the battle in 1572 from July 29 to August 03 at Molody under the leadership of Mikhailo Vorotynsky.
      The number of troops varies. In different sources, the data varies greatly.
      But it is known that the Turkish army was several times (from two to five) superior to the Russian.
      As a result of the competent actions of Prince Mikhail Vorotynsky, our army not only defeated the Turkish, but as it is written in the sources, it cut out the Turkish army, which saved Europe from Turkish raids for several decades. Literally a few were saved.
      Only no one remembers this. In Europe, for sure.
      1. lwxx
        lwxx 6 December 2015 14: 14
        0
        The battle of the youth was with the Crimean Khanate. Yes there were Turks like other nationalities, but it was the Crimean Khanate, and not the Ottoman Empire.
        1. Pomeranian
          Pomeranian 6 December 2015 15: 27
          +2
          The Crimean Khanate was officially part of the Turkish Empire, that is, de facto Turkey fought against us. And in the battle of Molody participated 7 of thousands of Janissaries of the infantry and two thousand artillerymen. True, Khvorostinin left them without gunpowder, but this does not change the matter.
          1. AK64
            AK64 6 December 2015 17: 18
            +1
            Moreover, the main reason for the 300-year war with Turkey was the Crimean Khanate. All wars with Turkey, in fact, were fought only because of these. If it weren't for the Crimea and the "khanate" in it, there would be no reason to fight the Turks: where is Turkey and where is Moscow?

            And if so, then perhaps it’s not worth separating.
        2. Kvazar
          Kvazar 6 December 2015 17: 06
          0
          Well, yes, only 20,000 Janissaries who were transferred from the Balkans by the Balkans and there they were laid down in full force. What saved Europe then
        3. Proud.
          Proud. 6 December 2015 17: 50
          +1
          Quote: lwxx
          The battle of the youth was with the Crimean Khanate. Yes there were Turks like other nationalities, but it was the Crimean Khanate, and not the Ottoman Empire.

          1/5 of the Devlet Giray’s troops (at least) consisted of Turks and Janissaries. According to one report, out of 120 thousand troops, 33 thousand Turks and 7 thousand Turkish Janissaries. According to others, 13 thousand Turks and 7 thousand Turkish Janissaries. So, I agree with Consul-t. It was a battle with the Ottoman Empire.
  3. svp67
    svp67 6 December 2015 07: 25
    +1
    Yeah interesting. Thanks to the authors. So we’ve been fighting Turkey for five and a half centuries, with varying success ...
  4. blizart
    blizart 6 December 2015 07: 32
    +3
    In the 1992 year, my classmates at a sports school and I took hostage the son of the Turkish ambassador to Kyrgyzstan. They demanded a large cash (of course) ransom. Do not believe it, but almost got it. However, he was 8 years older and somehow after the 3 months of imprisonment, having deceived us, he fled. All this subsequently turned out to be very bad for many of us, for some extremely. For a long time, my memories of this were mostly negative. Until I saw, no, not the catastrophe of your SU, but the crowds of girls of my country, in hijabs - students of Turkish colleges. For some reason, I take this extremely negatively. Well, now I generally consider this my first personal war against the Turks.
    1. Nikolay K
      Nikolay K 6 December 2015 10: 10
      +9
      There is no need to justify banal banditry with political motives.
      1. blizart
        blizart 6 December 2015 10: 42
        +4
        Quote: Nikolai K
        There is no need to justify banal banditry with political motives.

        I didn’t make excuses if you read it. Just now I clearly see subversive activity against my country, which, among other things, plunged us into banditry. Or do you, like some, also think that it was more pleasant for us to participate in obscure bloody showdowns of our sold power-holders than to defend the country's honor in sports? Actually, I regret that I brought this long and controversial story to the court of your kind. Sore, burnt, laughed And I sincerely envy you. Everything is so simple for you.
        1. KG_patriot_last
          KG_patriot_last 6 December 2015 23: 38
          +1
          The Oghuz Turks imagined a lot about themselves. This arrogance of them towards the Kyrgyz and Kypchaks is fouling.
  5. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 6 December 2015 08: 07
    +1
    necessary article. thank. Eh, their story does not teach anything apparently .....
    1. AK64
      AK64 6 December 2015 17: 21
      +3
      "Necessary", despite the absurdity and incompleteness? 5 minutes of wikipedia would give much more, honestly
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. knn54
    knn54 6 December 2015 08: 10
    +1
    The Crimean War ... In connection with the incident, one can see parallels - the Turks are also "great" provocateurs - trying to create a conflict between Russia and Europe (today NATO), while achieving maximum results with minimal losses.
  8. alekc73
    alekc73 6 December 2015 09: 34
    0
    Although it’s a minuscule, Russia is not at the right time to quarrel with Turkey. The problem has not yet been solved in Ukraine (puppets rule there), Syria (there is no turning point in the war yet.) Getting involved in a new conflict is stupid. I hope the GDP understands this. Now the economy. We will live without Turkish resorts, fruits, builders (Ours will have more work) But we supply solid volumes of gas through the Turkish gas pipeline. Without the export of raw materials, the Russian economy cannot live (I hope so far). Due to problems in Ukraine and with the Turks, the south the gas pipe will close. How to make up for budget losses ????
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 6 December 2015 14: 22
      +3
      It is necessary to solve all problems at the same time.
      We are still a large, powerful country.
      Recently, Russia has somehow been toiling around. Now the matter has appeared.
    2. Alex
      Alex 6 December 2015 15: 51
      +4
      Quote: alekc73
      Though zamususuyte, but now Russia is not the time to quarrel with Turkey.

      So the point is precisely that it is Turkey that is urgently looking for a reason to increase the degree of tension. And Russia simply carried out its military tasks. The fact that this affected the personal family business of the Turkish president, excuse me, is not our problem.
    3. AK64
      AK64 6 December 2015 17: 24
      +4
      Damn!
      Who is to "quarrel" with them? Let's leave aside the question "he started first." God be with him, but Russia cannot "leave Syria to her fate." Because it is better to wage war in Syria than in Donbas.
      (Yes, and the Syrians are already just sorry ... Or is not it a pity?)

      As for exporting resources: more grandchildren left!
  9. avt
    avt 6 December 2015 10: 05
    +1
    However, diplomacy let us down: the Belgrade peace treaty secured only Azov for Russia. The Black Sea remained Turkish ...
    what Diplomacy let Minich take over Crimea? Or maybe the losses of his troops from dysentery prevented him from gaining a foothold in the Crimea from the raid and the absence, like Potemkin, on whom with his “villages,” the slops poured from the light hand of the Austrian, of a plan to consolidate on the conquered lands? in battles.
  10. kvs207
    kvs207 6 December 2015 10: 27
    +2
    Quote: Volga Cossack
    their history does not teach anything apparently ..

    Exactly. The only more or less "successful" war is the Crimean one. If not for the help of the allies, then Russia would have reached Constantinople.
  11. Kim Klimov
    Kim Klimov 6 December 2015 10: 31
    +2
    The statement of our clashes with the Turks is only one and the most important: beat, beat and will beat!
  12. parusnik
    parusnik 6 December 2015 10: 44
    +2
    Paraphrasing A.V.Suvorov ... Russian Turks always beat ..
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 6 December 2015 11: 43
      -1
      If you read carefully about all 12 wars,
      then they would write "almost always beat." ...
      And, probably, they would have noticed that a decisive victory - with the capture
      Constantinople / Istanbul and surrender - there was neither
      one, and not even close ...
      1. Aleksander
        Aleksander 6 December 2015 12: 22
        +2
        Quote: voyaka uh
        If you carefully read about all 12 wars, you would write "almost always beaten." ...


        The Turks, of course, are a serious adversary and victories over them sometimes get a lot of blood, so they, these victories, are more glorious.
        Quote: voyaka uh

        And, probably, they would have noticed that the decisive victory - with the capture of Constantinople / Istanbul and surrender - was not a single one, and wasn't even close


        The liberation of Konstantinopoya was close and very real- in 1829 and 1878-Russian troops approached Constantinople and only the threats of England, France, Austria to speak out against Russia prevented his capture, in 1917 the Bolsheviks prevented him.
        In 1918, Germany also did not capitulate and didn’t surrender Berlin, which means she didn’t lose? belay And the request "sorry" from the sultans is not an admission of defeat, of course.
        Russian troops took the "European", the second capital of Ports-Andrianople and another half of the territory of the Ports, many new states were created - if this is not a decisive victory, then what is it?
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 6 December 2015 16: 10
          -2
          for Aleksander:
          "approached Constantinople" ////

          Walk up to a large city and take it "two big
          differences ", as they say in Odessa smile .
          Leningrad and Moscow are the best examples.
          1. Aleksander
            Aleksander 6 December 2015 21: 43
            0
            to:
            Quote: voyaka uh
            Approach a large city and take it "two big differences", as they say in Odessa. Leningrad and Moscow are the best examples of this.


            Yes, Moscow, Leningrad .... and also BERLIN, BUDAPEST, Koenigsberg, etc. yes
            Oh, Odessa: " I respect you, although I already forgot about sho! - hi //
      2. Nagaibak
        Nagaibak 6 December 2015 13: 13
        +1
        voyaka uh "Constantinople / Istanbul and surrender - there was no
        one, and not even close ... "
        True, but if you analyze the results of wars, then vast territories were snapped off from the Ottoman Empire each time. Many wars ended with the Russian Empire capturing one or another territory of the Ottomans. Or it contributed to the separation of certain territories from the Ottomans and the creation of independent states on them (Romania, Bulgaria, etc.). Thus, decisive defeats were inflicted in specific wars since the Ottomans lost territories. Regarding Istanbul ... apparently they did not risk contacting the British (who supported the Ottomans) and other Europeans))), but that's another question.
      3. Alex
        Alex 6 December 2015 15: 55
        +3
        Quote: voyaka uh
        the decisive victory - with the capture of Constantinople / Istanbul and surrender - was not a single one, and was not even close ...

        Just once it was very close. According to Europe, it was so close that even the second Crimean War had to be threatened. So there is no need to wave a wide saber here. That is, to rush in words.
      4. AK64
        AK64 6 December 2015 17: 28
        +1
        And in 1878? It was very CLOSE (and if not for NATO ...)
      5. Hitrovan07
        Hitrovan07 6 December 2015 17: 45
        +1
        you are wrong. only the help of "partners" helped the Turks in the last 3 wars.
        And if the USA and Europe didn’t help Israel ???
        Think before you post your findings.
        Israel alone cannot stand it.
      6. Morrrow
        Morrrow 6 December 2015 18: 22
        +1
        Only the protectorate of England saved them. Those. Turkey was a vassal of England.
  13. Mantykora
    Mantykora 6 December 2015 11: 41
    +1
    The St. George Treaty concluded between Russia and the Georgian kingdom did not suit Russia either.

    There is a mistake in the article: did not suit Turkey.
    Quote: parusnik
    Paraphrasing A.V.Suvorov ... Russian Turks always beat ..

    Quote: Kim Klimov
    The statement of our clashes with the Turks is only one and the most important: beat, beat and will beat!

    Let’s be without slogans and hatred. And the Turks won the Russians, part of the wars were a draw. And by the way, the author did not disclose the theme of the Prut campaign. There, the Russian corps went behind the Turks, but Peter did not know about it, the Ottomans intercepted the messenger, and therefore the Turks went easily to conclude peace.
  14. zgd_se_1955
    zgd_se_1955 6 December 2015 12: 39
    +2
    Apparently for a long time the Turks didn’t receive Mordas ... they forgot how it ends ... I’ll have to remind you that the main thing is that the GDP does not make a mistake ...
  15. gendir.grifon
    gendir.grifon 6 December 2015 13: 49
    +1
    If possible, the straits should be captured. True, this is possible only in the event of another world war.
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 6 December 2015 14: 18
      0
      Then, all 100 million Turks from the new Russian Turkish province will be lured to work for us. What for us straits in the era of nuclear missile weapons with undeveloped plain Siberia?
  16. Predator-74
    Predator-74 6 December 2015 14: 50
    +3
    Hetman of Right-Bank Ukraine Petro Doroshenko fell under Turkish influence ....

    Doesn't it remind anyone? smile
  17. Pomeranian
    Pomeranian 6 December 2015 15: 16
    +1
    Add to this list the inglorious "liberation campaign" of the Osmanlissians to Astrakhan in 1569, and the shameful "Sitting" of the Don Cossacks in Azov in 1641 for the Port, and it will be generally good. People, why do I have the American flag hanging? How to change to the USSR?
  18. AK64
    AK64 6 December 2015 17: 15
    0
    Quote: Woolfy
    Thanks to the authors

    Given the terrifying incompleteness?
    1. Pomeranian
      Pomeranian 6 December 2015 18: 11
      0
      They tried their best. Well done.
      1. AK64
        AK64 7 December 2015 11: 07
        0
        Abstract from Wiki - "tried"?
        1. Pomeranian
          Pomeranian 7 December 2015 11: 33
          0
          Even copy-paste from Wikipedia is also work. At least they knew where and what to look for, and the younger generation, for example, believes that Berlin took Spider-Man under the command of Batman.
        2. The comment was deleted.
  19. Kibl
    Kibl 6 December 2015 19: 04
    +1
    Well, this Turkey is a splinter for five centuries. It would roll it to a pancake!
  20. Simon
    Simon 6 December 2015 21: 12
    +2
    Five hundred years the Turks waged war with us and all the time the Russian soldier won.
  21. -Traveller-
    -Traveller- 7 December 2015 01: 35
    -1
    so on points:
    1 How can you call a certain incomprehensible situation a war, in which there were not even armed clashes? Kasim Pasha at the initial stage looked at the whole thing and returned home safely. Crimean Tatars (hardly 1569, given the total number of Crimean Tatar population at that time in 50-000 thousand people, more likely several hundred, maybe a couple of thousand), guarding the diggers, in conditions of low motivation and amorphous goals of the entire enterprise, gradually resolved, and that was all. I will note that under the loud name "Astrakhan Khanate" at the time of its capture by Moscow was understood a certain territory without special borders with a poor population of 250 people, including women, children and the elderly, so that the Ottoman Empire, as a completely commercial power, was taking these poor fellows away from Moscow interested in the very least, especially on the eve of the big war in the Mediterranean.
    2. Chigirin campaigns - in fact, part of the Russian-Polish-Turkish war, generally won by the Turks, so to speak "on points."
    3. Russian-Turkish 1686-1700. Well, as Russian-Turkish, in fact, it is customary to call it great Turkish. and Turkey fought with the Holy League. probably the most important war in the history of the Ottoman Empire, after which the power of the Turks began to decline. united Europe (at that time, probably, no one would have rocketed alone) in a bloody war defeated the Ottomans and this was done mainly by the Austrians and Poles. the Russian front was tertiary, in fact Russia was confronted exclusively with the Crimeans. in the end, finally Russia stopped paying tribute to the khan.
    4. Prut campaign - the defeat of Peter, in the municipality he easily got off without losing anything significant.
    5. Russian-Turkish 1735-39. More correctly, the Austro-Russian-Turkish. Allies - the Habsburg Empire and the Russian Empire jointly decided to beat a withering port. while the Turks were completely absorbed in the war with Austria, everything was very good with us, we finally ruined the Crimea. really at the cost of huge losses, written off to a runny nose and the harsh Crimean climate. but as soon as the Austrians became crap, and the prospect of a war alone loomed before Russia, we immediately decided not to tempt fate and went with the Turks to the world. Russian diplomacy respect.
    6. Russian-Turkish 1768-74. perhaps it is from this war that the real victories of Russia over the Ottomans begin. the Ottoman Empire entered a period of decomposition, while the Russian Empire, on the contrary, was gaining strength. natural result.
    7. Russian-Turkish 1787-91 again Austro-Russian-Turkish. if Russia alone won the previous war, then together with Austria even more so.
    1. Pomeranian
      Pomeranian 7 December 2015 08: 39
      0
      I allow myself to disagree on the first point. The trip to Astrakhan 1569, organized by the alcoholic Selim, did not take place for one simple reason: the siege park could not be transported under its walls. The channel between the Don and the Volga was not dug up, but could not be transported by land. And if you consider the campaign of 20 thousands of the regular army of the Ottoman Empire and 50 thousands of Tatar-Nogai troops as a special case, then what is not private? In addition, Pope Selima, Suleiman the Magnificent proclaimed himself the sultan of all the faithful and the ideological basis of the campaign against Astrakhan was iron - the liberation of the co-religionists from the yoke of the infidels. And it is worth a lot.
      1. -Traveller-
        -Traveller- 7 December 2015 13: 02
        0
        Quote: Pomoryanin
        20 thousand of the regular army of the Ottoman Empire and 50 thousand of the Tatar-Nogai army

        where are these numbers from? from the messages of our governor? the maximum that the Crimean Tatars could collect in the best years is 40 thousand, the people were few, well, they didn’t drive children and women on campaigns. therefore, I am very skeptical of such myths as the battle of the young. and even the participation of the regular Ottoman army, especially the notorious Janissaries, whom the Sultan foolishly drove across the steppe, for me generally seems ridiculous. At that time, there were only 12 thousand people, and almost all of them sat in Istanbul, guarded the Sultan. in reality, if some Turkish pasha took part in the campaign of the Crimeans, then in fact he was given several hundred Turks, including janissary. the Sultan of the Guard did not scatter right and left.
        and digging a channel is generally a dubious background for large-scale mobilization.
        Actually, Selim 1 proclaimed himself a caliph, taking Mameluk Egypt, where the last Abbasids (and even some kind of side branch) survived their century after being expelled from Baghdad.
        1. Pomeranian
          Pomeranian 7 December 2015 13: 15
          +1
          Did I talk about the Janissaries? The regular army of Turkey, the same spags, for example, transferred by sea to Azov. And besides, if the siege of Astrakhan broke down due to the impossibility of transporting siege weapons under its walls, I suppose the guns were not Crimean, it would be unprofitable to carry such a heavy "outfit" to Azov and back. Someone deceived you about the small size of the Tatar army. Without declaring "seferi" i.e. without mobilization, the Crimeans calmly burned Moscow in 1571, and there the army of 40 thousand people was only Crimean Tatar, without the allied Nogais, Budzhak and other Tatars and North Caucasian highlanders.
          In addition, no one considered the workers (black men) in the army and did not call them troops and they caught and drove them to the right place as much as needed.
          1. -Traveller-
            -Traveller- 7 December 2015 23: 05
            +1
            Quote: Pomoryanin
            and there an army of 40 thousand people was only Crimean Tatar, without allied legs, Budzhak and other Tatars and North Caucasian highlanders.

            40 thousand, according to modern estimates, could expose Crimea in its best years with maximum mobilization (read, for example, articles by V.V. Pensky). the Budzhak horde has always been small, 25-40 thousand people of both sexes, from small to large.
            nogays? in the previous decade they had a mass famine and an epidemic, almost all died out, about 20 percent remained alive. plus the collapse of the big and small hordes, it also happened for a reason. more or less numerically multiplied only by the end of the 16th century, i.e. 20-30 years after the events discussed.
            and as for 20 thousand Turks, even in the just-finished (1568) Austro-Turkish, with disproportionately more important tasks and proximity to the rear, the Ottomans employed about 100 thousand askers, and even 40 percent of those regular were real at that time empire capabilities. so send 20 thousand to the steppe ... I doubt it very much.
            1. Pomeranian
              Pomeranian 10 December 2015 09: 11
              0
              Well, yes, and in 1641, Turkey completely quietly mobilizes the quarter-million army and sends it under the walls of the provincial Azov. It included: “Mutesarrif of the Ochakov Eyyalet Kenan Pasha and Pasha of Rumelia, had 40 thousand of Bujak Tatars, 40 of thousands of Moldavian and Wallachian horsemen, 20 of thousands of troops from Transylvania villages and 80 of thousands of Crimean Tatars as fast as wind” , "May ten thousand mountain princes and the Circassian come from Kabarda." The legs did not participate in the war.
              And this is not written by our governors, but by Turkish official Evliya ебelebi.
            2. Pomeranian
              Pomeranian 10 December 2015 09: 11
              0
              Well, yes, and in 1641, Turkey completely quietly mobilizes the quarter-million army and sends it under the walls of the provincial Azov. It included: “Mutesarrif of the Ochakov Eyyalet Kenan Pasha and Pasha of Rumelia, had 40 thousand of Bujak Tatars, 40 of thousands of Moldavian and Wallachian horsemen, 20 of thousands of troops from Transylvania villages and 80 of thousands of Crimean Tatars as fast as wind” , "May ten thousand mountain princes and the Circassian come from Kabarda." The legs did not participate in the war.
              And this is not written by our governors, but by Turkish official Evliya ебelebi.
        2. The comment was deleted.
  22. -Traveller-
    -Traveller- 7 December 2015 01: 35
    -1
    8,9 Russo-Turkish 1806-12 and 1829-29 again defeat the Ottomans. moreover, the war of 1828-29 took place against the background of the restructuring of the Turkish army, the Turks abandoned the decomposed and not justified Janissary army (1826) in favor of the recruiting army. in fact, by the beginning of the war there were 50 regular units, the rest being the traditional militia.
    however, the total losses of the Russian army (fully professional) exceeded the Turkish ones.
    10. Crimean. defeat of Russia, now Russia is in the place of the Ottomans - i.e. in the minority against a serious coalition. the result is known. starting from this war, information about the losses of the parties becomes more or less believable.
    11. Russian-Turkish 1877-78. the war was no less severe than the previous one. Despite a 3-fold numerical superiority over the enemy and support for the Balkan Aborigines, Russia suffered heavy losses that exceeded the Turkish ones. One can only guess about the real losses of the allies.
    12. first world war. it is difficult to call it Russian-Turkish, for both Russia and Turkey, the Caucasian front was secondary. nevertheless, Russia was more successful on this front.

    my conclusion, Turkey is an extremely uncomfortable opponent. in fact, russia's advantage over turkey came along with a demographic advantage. the famous Suvorov's "not by number, but by skill" if analyzed is explained by the same "number" - Russia could afford such a number of recruits pulled out of society for life only thanks to the incredible growth of the country's population. in a victorious time for itself, the Russian nation outnumbered the Turkish nation by 5-10 times. while the Russian army consisted of professional soldiers, the Turkish army, until the middle of the 19th century, mostly gathered during the war
    from "ordinary citizens" (both nobility and commoners), hence often a qualitative superiority over the enemy.
  23. Varies
    Varies 7 December 2015 08: 03
    +1
    11. RUSSIAN-TURKISH WAR 1877 – 1878
    It was a war for the freedom of the Balkan peoples, especially the Bulgarian. Russian officers have long dreamed of a liberation campaign in the Balkans.

    These were tough times, our ancestors had fun as they could. laughing
  24. VL33
    VL33 7 December 2015 13: 06
    0
    Gave to read to the son. A good brief description of the history of relations with Turkey and their habits. There is a recurrence with Erdogan. Again Constantinople will have to take it.
  25. Seneca
    Seneca 7 December 2015 15: 45
    0
    Quote: Alex
    Quote: alekc73
    Though zamususuyte, but now Russia is not the time to quarrel with Turkey.

    So the point is precisely that it is Turkey that is urgently looking for a reason to increase the degree of tension. And Russia simply carried out its military tasks. The fact that this affected the personal family business of the Turkish president, excuse me, is not our problem.

    They, too, now have a quirk about "getting up from their knees" and in the light of economic difficulties .. they are more and more sad about the former greatness of "osmania" .. Everything is familiar and understandable.
  26. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 9 December 2015 20: 33
    +1
    Thanks to the author for the article!
    It is a pity that in 1830. RUSSIA spared the Ottoman Empire and did not destroy it.
    soldier
  27. mitya1941
    mitya1941 10 December 2015 10: 56
    0
    The poor history of Russia. All sorts of idiots insult it.