Out of the frying pan into the fire. So you can briefly describe the latest events in Libya. The West has taken on the reconciliation of the two governments that exist in the country, but the consequences of this initiative could plunge Libya into even greater chaos and finally destroy the once-thriving state.
Four years ago, in the fall of 2011, global capital committed another bloody crime - defeating the rich and prosperous country of Libya. For forty years, there existed a unique political and economic system based on the combination of the ideas of socialism and a number of traditional Islamic values. During this time, Libya has turned from the backward semi-feudal country into the richest state of the African continent. A lot has been said about the achievements of the Libyan Jamahiriya (“the state of the people”). We only recall that its inhabitants were provided with free education and medicine, in fact they received housing for free, not to mention significant social benefits and subsidies. The authorities assisted almost the whole of Africa, building hospitals and schools.
Within a few months it was all destroyed. And not by the hands of the Libyans themselves. The rebels, led by Islamists and traitors from the ranks of the Libyan leadership, did not possess sufficient forces to seize power. All decided foreign intervention. By adopting a bad memory resolution number 1973 on the creation of a no-fly zone over Libya, the UN Security Council authorized the beginning of the aggression. NATO countries, together with the Arab monarchies began the systematic destruction of the Libyan army and the life support systems of the country.
The cause of the massacre of the whole country was the independent policy of Gaddafi, who declared his intention to nationalize all the oil and gas fields, and also offered to abandon the dollar and introduce gold dinar as the African currency. It is not excluded that Gadhafi played a prominent role at the UN General Assembly session in September 2009. The Libyan leader accused Western countries of terrorism, and the UN - in indulging in this aggressive policy. “You gave birth to Hitler, not us!” Gaddafi reminded, and these words sounded like a prophecy: a year and a half later, civilians in Libya died under the bombs and missiles of the “civilized West”.
And what about Russia? Russia, supporting the Security Council resolution, gave its ally to be torn apart. Today they prefer not to recall this, but the lessons of the recent past cannot be forgotten. Especially since the then leaders almost in full force rule the country now. The president and the prime minister only changed places, the foreign minister retained his post ...
The last pockets of resistance were suppressed in October 2011. Muammar Gaddafi underwent inhuman massacre. Yesterday's insurgents came to power on the bayonets of foreign aggressors, or, according to the apt expression of the deceased leader of the Jamahiriya, "rats". Fully matching this nickname, they began to divide power and accumulated over the 40 years of wealth. Libya was given to mock the gangs of yesterday's "revolutionaries." Yesterday a calm and prosperous state plunged into the abyss of violence and a real "war of all against all." According to the UN, from 6-million population of the country in humanitarian aid needs 2,5 million, nearly half a million are forced to leave their homes in the results of hostilities.
The disastrous consequences of the invasion of Libya are now recognized even in the West. One of the favorites of the presidential race in the United States, Donald Trump, said recently that if the regimes of Saddam Hussein and Muammar Gaddafi were maintained, the Middle East would remain a more stable region. The same thought, but only in a more expanded form, is present in one of the latest issues of the influential American magazine Foreign Forces. The article titled “Obama’s debacle in Libya” states bluntly: aggression led to chaos, anarchy, civil war and the transformation of Libya into a hotbed of terrorist threat. Referring to authoritative studies, the author of the article draws extremely daring conclusions in the context of the United States: the bombardments to which peaceful forces allegedly subjected government troops are a bluff, as well as bloody dispersals of demonstrations by Gadhafi’s security forces. But precisely these accusations served as a pretext for NATO intervention!
Games with Islamists
However, it is impossible to draw conclusions about the total insight of the West on the basis of these statements. An election campaign is underway in the United States, and the Democratic Party (including its most likely candidate, Hillary Clinton) will now recall all sins.
The fact that the Western world is far from being aware of the viciousness of its foreign policy is also indicated by recent initiatives regarding Libya. We are talking about inter-Libyan talks in Schirath (Morocco), held under the auspices of the UN. The West once again tried to impose its will on the country, and on its own, destructive for the future of Libya.
It is worth recalling that there is no single authority in present-day Libya. There are two parliaments and two governments in the country at the same time. The split occurred last year, although its origins were laid earlier. As a result of the parliamentary elections of 2012, the General National Congress (WNC) was formed, in which the supporters of the secular path of development and the Islamists divided roughly equally. The adoption by the latter of a law recognizing Sharia as the sole basis of the country's legal system has exacerbated the controversy.
General Khalifa Haftar spoke against the Islamists. Once he was an ally of Gaddafi, but then they parted ways. Haftar found himself in exile in the United States, and with the beginning of the rebellion joined the opposition. Now he announced the danger of Islamization of Libya, announced the start of Operation Dignity of Libya, and demanded the dissolution of the OWC. A large part of the army moved to the side of Huftar, some members of the government and some members of the OWC declared their support. The Islamist leadership of the Congress, however, refused to obey the demands of Haftar, mobilized loyal units and, in turn, proclaimed Operation Libyan Dawn. Clashes broke out between supporters of Dignity and Dawn. Under these conditions, parliamentary elections were held in the country, after which the House of Representatives was formed. Islamists boycotted the election, announcing the indefinite extension of the powers of the OWC. As a result, two centers of power appeared in Libya: VNK - in the capital Tripoli, and the House of Representatives - in Tobruk, in the east of the country.
It is rather difficult to choose the lesser of two evils in this situation. Both the Tobruk and Tripoli government consist of people who fought against Gaddafi and, to one degree or another, were guilty of the chaos that engulfed Libya. In fairness, however, it is worth noting that the government in Tobruk stands for a secular country and consistently fights against Islamist groups that have dug in in Benghazi, Derna and Sirte. It is not surprising that many supporters of Gadhafi, including the military of the old Libyan army, went over to the side of Tobruk and General Haftar, who was declared commander in March of this year.
Can not be said about the government in Tripoli. It relies on openly extremist groups that regularly appear in the center of international scandals. In June of this year, one of the leaders of the Libyan Dawn was arrested in Tunisia on charges of terrorism and supply weapons Islamists. In response, the commander’s comrades-in-arms took Tunisian diplomats hostage in Tripoli.
In general, abductions and killings take place here regularly - just remember the attack on the Carinthia Hotel, the shelling of the South Korean embassy or the detention of the Russian tanker Mechanic Chebotarev. This is not surprising: the VNK is closely connected with organizations like the Muslim Brotherhood and Ansar al-Sharia. According to some reports, the leadership of the Tripoli government also maintains contacts with divisions of the Islamic State in Libya. At least, the KNK has strongly protested the actions of Egypt, whose aviation bombed the position of the IG after the reprisal with the Egyptian workers in Sirte. In addition, Turkish ships entered Derna, controlled by the Islamic State, despite the fact that Turkey is one of the main allies of the VNK.
Nevertheless, the West, formally recognizing the Tobruk government, not only stares at the actions of the OWC, but also tends to support it in the current confrontation. According to the UN peace plan, a six-member presidential council should appear in Libya. However, most of its members are somehow connected with the government in Tripoli. The so-called compromise Prime Minister Faiz Sarraj, who is a member of the OWC, is no exception.
To push this decision, the West does not regret any threats or generous promises. The EU leadership promised to provide financial assistance to the country if Sarraj approved it and threatened with sanctions if this does not happen. A similar statement was made by US Secretary of State John Kerry, who demanded that Tripoli and Tobruk "immediately approve the final text of the agreement." In addition, the State Department brought down criticism on the military leadership of Libya, clearly referring to Caliph Haftar. According to the Shirarat agreements, the post of commander-in-chief will be eliminated. It’s hard to come up with a better gift for Islamist groups! Finally, the UN mission condemned the operations of the Libyan army against the Islamists in Benghazi, saying that these actions ... impede the search for national reconciliation.
However, in the plans of the West, something went wrong. Both VNK and the House of Representatives refused to ratify the agreement. The already strained relations between Tripoli and Tobruk became aggravated, threatening a new round of civil war.
To say that Libya is definitely waiting for a dead end, however, it would be wrong. There are chances of salvation, and they rely on the legacy of Gaddafi. According to the laws of the Jamahiriya, the country consisted of many people's committees, uniting all adult residents and having full power in their districts. In turn, the primary committees elected city, provincial committees from their representatives, and so on - right up to the General People’s Congress. This direct democracy was much criticized after the events of 2011 of the year - both opponents and supporters of the Jamahiriya, who believed that the system of committees without a single rod in the form of the ruling party led to the helplessness of the regime.
Perhaps there is some truth in these statements. But it is also possible that the revival of the country will rely on such committees. This conclusion can be drawn from a recent publication on the Arab monitor Al-Monitor. Its author, a native of the Libyan city of Beni Walid, Mustafa Feturi, writes about visiting a small homeland. 100-thousandth Beni-Walid, we recall, was one of the last strongholds of Gaddafi. But even after 2011, they remained faithful to the ideas of the Jamahiriya. This is expressed not only in the fact that in Beni Walid you can still see green flags and portraits of Gaddafi. The power in the city belongs to the Social Council, in which the majority of residents participate. Thanks to the activities of the board headed by the professor stories Salah Mauf, Beni Walid is, according to the author of the article, “a beacon of peace and security.” The order in and around the city (and Islamist groups made several attempts at assault) are guarded by the people's militia, formed from ordinary residents and former policemen.
It is not surprising that Beni Walid attracts the views of millions of Libyans. More recently, two hundred families from Sirte, captured by the "Islamic State", sheltered there. Refugees have already been provided with housing, and children have been placed in schools.
But the main thing is that Beni-Walid became the place of consultation for representatives of fifty Libyan tribes who are discussing ways to restore a peaceful and prosperous country. The experience of the Jamahiriya is invaluable in this work. There is still hope that the country destroyed by rough and thoughtless intervention will be reborn.