Military Review

Radar against shahids

15
Radar against shahids



How Russian scientists responded to the terrorist threat

A series of terrorist attacks that took place recently in different parts of the world and took the lives of several hundred people, made the Russians focus on personal security. Increasingly, in public places there are demands for precautionary measures and vigilance. But, as practice shows, it is not always possible to calculate in real conditions in transport or on the street potential terrorists. This can only help a special technique. Therefore, Russian scientists have focused on developments that allow time to identify potential terrorists and avoid new tragedies. "Russian Planet" found out how these inventions work and how effective they are.

10 meters to the threat


Scientists of Tomsk State University presented to the public a unique development - a radar capable of reacting to electronic elements at a distance of 10 meters and more - launching devices that do not distinguish between metal detectors.


According to representatives of the TSU, the device looks like a half-meter reflector. Its capabilities allow for a relatively short distance to find electronic components hidden under clothing or in bags: diodes, microchips, launchers, and many other radio components that can trigger explosive devices, for example, a shahid belt. A simple man in the street, he rather reminds the "plate" of satellite television.

As it turned out, the device could have come into being much earlier. The first scheme and model appeared in Tomsk University more than 30 years ago. According to Professor Vladimir Yakubov, who stood at the origins of the creation of the device, now the radar is not much different from the prototype.

- Everything new is well forgotten old. The idea came to me about 30 years ago, but the first sample was assembled by another person. Since then, he has been with us, and recently we decided to improve it, ”says Vladimir Yakubov. - Then the detection range was small - about 50 cm, in some cases - meter. We at the department slightly upgraded our development with some devices, mirrors, and the range of directional action has increased significantly - now it amounts to 10 m and more.

The development was considered closed for a long time, but, the professor notes, the times have now changed. If over the first radar worked about 10 people, then today, three people have upgraded it, not counting several university students.

The cost of the locator for today is about half a million rubles.

According to Yakubov, the modernization of the device will not stop there. In the future, the weight will be reduced, the design will be simplified, and the length and range will be increased. But now the results can be considered pretty good. During the experiment, the device was able to detect an imitation of an explosive device — a bar of soap with a trigger attached to it — through the wall, in the carrier’s bag. Now the detection accuracy is about 10 m, and there is no longer any analogue of such a radar in the world. Due to what happens such an exact localization, the developer keeps secret.

Scientists suggest that Radioglaz-antishahid will find wide application in crowded places and at strategic sites.

Stress detector and anti-terror radar


The development of Moscow scientists was presented on November 17 at the booth of the international exhibition Milipol, held in Paris. The device called HumanRisk is able to respond to the emotional behavior and stress of a person, it is developed by STT-group.

As the general director of the company, Ivan Tkach, said, the device remotely notes the stress of a person, his anxiety and aggression. Thanks to the simplest camera and digital post-processing, microvibrations are noticeable on the face, peculiar to people under internal stress. Even a trained person will not be able to deceive the device, the developers say. The device is somewhat reminiscent of a lie detector that can capture human emotions, but with its own characteristics. Data processing takes about one second, the detector can work in places where open video is prohibited, HumanRisk is able to function offline and without human intervention.

Also at the exhibition, the domestic company presented two more developments: a device for the detection of unexploded ordnance and a non-linear detector. The second development is similar to the invention of Tomsk specialists: it is able to find various electronics, which, for example, are forbidden to bring to closed objects. The list of detectable devices that are declared on the official website of the French exhibition includes cell phones, voice recorders, memory modules and SIM-cards. In addition, the device finds improvised explosive devices, as well as remote fuses and triggers, as well as all kinds of miniature electronic chips and chips.

It is noteworthy that the weight and size of the Moscow device is several times smaller than the Tomsk counterpart - about 1,5 kg. Power is provided by two batteries. But compactness also affects the range of the device, which is much worse in the metropolitan analog: cell phones are visible from a distance of 1 and less.

Another domestic company, Logis Geotech, presented a new stenovizor. It is impossible to prevent a terrorist act with his help, but he is able to help with rescue or assault activities.

From the description of the device it follows that the radar can determine the exact location of people outside the walls of virtually any material, whether it is reinforced concrete, brick or wood. It is noted that the wall thickness should not exceed 60 cm, while the person can be seen at a distance of 21 m. In addition, the device can check communications, including looking for explosive devices in the walls, the floor.


According to scientists, the device will be upgraded: the weight will be reduced, the design will be simplified, the length and range will increase. Photo: tsu.ru


How we are protected is a mystery


Representatives of the Tomsk airport refused to talk about how to prevent and prevent terrorist acts, citing the secrecy of such information.

The situation could be clarified by Timur Kurbangaleyev, head of the information and public relations department of the Transport Department of the Russian Ministry of the Interior in the Siberian Federal District. According to him, the refusals to give answers on security and are part of measures to prevent terrorist acts.

“As for the situation in Paris, there are no special changes after it, and the set of measures that was used before is used now only in a reinforced mode,” said the official. - There are reinforcements on the ground, and lately there has been no specific know-how in this area. Nevertheless, even the familiar arched metal detectors installed at airports and train stations are not as simple as they might seem. As for the employees, there used to be interaction with various structures: traffic control stations and railway stations, duty crews and so on. Now this collaboration has become as solid as possible. Special attention is paid to the so-called "human factor".

According to the UT officer of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, in Tomsk and the region there were no detentions of people who were really involved in extremist activities.

The effectiveness of the development of Tomsk scientists Timur Kurbangaleev difficult to discuss, since no tests and tests of the radar law enforcement agencies have been conducted. While talking about the equipment of this locator crowded places is still early.

In addition, law enforcement officers raise questions about how the device will react to cell phones, tablets and other electronics, which the radar can regard as a means to carry out a terrorist act. But, according to Professor Yakubov, this is another trick of the locator, which he did not speak about during the test period.

“The radar does react to electronics, but otherwise than to something that is dangerous,” Yakubov said. - Now the alert occurs with the help of the simplest sound signaling, but it will be possible to display information in digital form.

According to Yakubov, it will take no more than one year to start the mass production of the device, and production can be arranged almost everywhere, including in a number of Tomsk enterprises. All the documentation, as well as specialists, is in the country, the only question is in the financing of the project. So far, no offers have been received from investors wishing to invest money in further development. But the scientist is sure it is only a matter of time.
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15 comments
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  1. WUA 518
    WUA 518 5 December 2015 07: 17 New
    +3
    I wonder how stress detectors will work in these conditions?
    1. midivan
      midivan 14 December 2015 07: 35 New
      +4
      NTV will work easily laughing yes
  2. Al_oriso
    Al_oriso 5 December 2015 07: 42 New
    -2
    For ordinary people, useless devices.
    1. midivan
      midivan 14 December 2015 07: 34 New
      +4
      how so useless ??? Would you like to say that if these devices block you from a dozen extra holes in the body, then there will be no benefit from this? request
  3. Nick1953
    Nick1953 5 December 2015 08: 50 New
    0
    This thing will not determine the usual grenade. It has complete mechanics. They are too smart ...
  4. Snail N9
    Snail N9 5 December 2015 09: 03 New
    0
    Nothing prevents potential "shahids" from using the simplest mechanical fuses to initiate their "belts". Actually, all these "smart" devices are "bullshit" and their effectiveness is easily reduced to zero. I remember one thing in the United States, they were running around with the idea of ​​an "electronic nose" allowing to smell explosives and even developed a whole system of "automatic detection" of explosive devices and installed it for testing at one of the airports. However, local "jokers" to prove the ineffectiveness of this system, they ground into dust the pyrotechnic holiday "crackers" containing ammonium salts, and this dust was discreetly scattered on the buses that carry passengers to the airport. As a result, these passengers dragged this dust into the airport on their shoes and on their luggage, and this "smart system" "went crazy" - signaling that all passengers were "terrorists" - the airport was completely blocked and a decent amount had to be spent to remove this dust, which has already been spread throughout the airport and through ventilation. As a result, all this automation was "silently" dismantled - from "out of harm's way" as they reasoned that if something like that happens at all airports in the country, it would cause the collapse of the entire air communication system, which is no better than a "single terrorist attack."
    1. Rumata
      Rumata 5 December 2015 18: 02 New
      +7
      To do this, prototypes are tested, in order to find problems and try to solve them. Only in the cinema does everything work as it should, the first time. We need to deal with such developments, since terrorism will not disappear anywhere, but will only gain momentum.
      There are many similar developments in Israel, and many are installed at airports. I have a very famous laboratory at the faculty that creates chemical receptors. No one makes ammonium receptors, but there is one for RDX. Moreover, they are so sensitive that they are working to determine how the sensitivity level is needed, so that there are no situations in which a person is arrested because his neighbor worked with RDX a month ago.
      The prevention of terrorist attacks is a serious problem and it is necessary to approach it comprehensively, which by the way will affect the comfort of passengers.
      Many tourists from the CIS complain about the severity of searches at Ben Gurion Airport, but there is nothing to be done. They use both chemical receptors, sophisticated facial recognition and baggage screening systems, as well as people whose entire job is to check suspicious ones, even if it’s 90 years old grandmother in a wheelchair.
      Not just because it is the safest airport in the world.
      1. midivan
        midivan 14 December 2015 07: 30 New
        +4
        Moreover, they are so sensitive that they are working to determine how the sensitivity level is needed, so that there are no situations in which a person is arrested because his neighbor worked with RDX a month ago. smile but in vain! I would ask this neighbor whose neighbor worked with RDX smile Well, where he lives, etc., etc., and maybe the end neighbor helped him in detail laughing
  5. Rostislav
    Rostislav 5 December 2015 13: 35 New
    +3
    Actually, all these "smart" devices are "bullshit" and their effectiveness is easily reduced to zero.

    Metal detectors and X-ray machines at airports are also "bullshit"? Give up on them?
    The eternal struggle between "shell" and "armor" continues. Some come up with new ways of attack, others are looking for means of defense.
    However, it is strange that you were so irritated not by the terrorists, but by those who are trying to protect people.
    1. Rumata
      Rumata 5 December 2015 18: 07 New
      +2
      By the way, the first metal detectors were very expensive, bulky and with low sensitivity. Now 10 times cheaper you can buy frames not only showing where the metal is, but also its approximate weight.
  6. AFG-X
    AFG-X 5 December 2015 17: 55 New
    0
    Interestingly, it will also respond to mobile phones.
    1. Rumata
      Rumata 5 December 2015 18: 16 New
      +2
      Usually asked to pull out all electronic devices and put them separately. For example, if there is a laptop / tablet in hand luggage, they will be asked to lay out, the same with an electric razor for example. You can hide it in a laptop, but it is usually seen through
      1. pimen
        pimen 5 December 2015 20: 59 New
        +2
        and I look, in the form factor of the battery, the explosives would fit perfectly
        1. midivan
          midivan 14 December 2015 07: 18 New
          +4
          Well, for sure! and if you put the compic in a box above your head closer to the board. And then lay a pair of high-quality leather jackets, you get a directional explosion and maybe this is enough to make a hole, and this is already a plane belay if the explosives cannot be calculated on the spot of batteries, I hope the martyrs do not read comas here
      2. midivan
        midivan 14 December 2015 07: 11 New
        +4
        I was always asked to turn on the laptop, although I didn’t fly much, and I’ve never been asked to shine through like that, cool photo smile
  7. midivan
    midivan 14 December 2015 07: 23 New
    +4
    I heard that the British terrorists sewed up the dead in pork skins and this helped them get rid of them, if it's not a bad method. And send them to like-minded vidyuhi of such a funeral, maybe it's time to resume such a procedure? I think for the sake of such a thing, many will agree to give these skins to the detriment of salting sala smile