Military Review

Terrorists in Syria were afraid of L-39ZA aircraft as fire

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Terrorists in Syria were afraid of L-39ZA aircraft as fire



The Syrian air force, due to the lack of attack aircraft, actively used L-39ZA combat training aircraft to attack terrorists. The fact is that the Soviet Union, before its collapse, did not manage to deliver its faithful ally in the Middle East, Su-25.

In the eighties these "flying Tanks"They went mainly to Afghanistan and some allies under the Warsaw Pact. Of the Arab leaders, only Sadam Hussein was able to conclude an agreement on the supply of Su-25s, and that’s only because he paid for the equipment with hard currency. In the 90s, when it was no longer difficult to acquire the Su-25 on the international arms market, the Syrians simply had no free money.

At the same time, as part of the SAR Air Force, there was a significant number of combat training aircraft of the Czechoslovak production of the L-39 Albatross. Deliveries of this aircraft began in 1980 year. In just 7 years, 99 airplanes were obtained, of which 55 L-39ZO and 44 L-39ZA.

Cars of the last modification with take-off weight in more than 5200 kg could fly at a speed of 630 km / h.



Their flight ceiling was about 9 km, and the maximum range to 1750 km. Under the plane hung double-barreled 23-mm cannon with ammunition in 150 shells.

In total there were 4 suspension units for 16-charging units with 57 mm uncontrolled aviation S-5 missiles, as well as aircraft bombs weighing 250-500 kg.



Accurate data on how many cars to the beginning of the war in Syria were suitable for use in hostilities, no. According to various sources, from 40 to 50 aircraft.

In any case, the "Albatross" as a shock machine used quite actively. They became a real headache for the militants. Light and maneuverable, cheaper to operate, they appeared over the positions of terrorists and bombarded them with volleys of rockets, dropped bombs, and hit automatic guns. As a rule, on a mission the planes took off with crews of two people. The presence of a second pair of eyes made it possible to more effectively search for targets, plus the co-pilot could report the observed danger.



True, it did not always help. In total, from October 2012 to the end of August 2015, the Syrian air force lost during 7 L-39ZA combat missions. However, sometimes danger lurked on the ground, so in October 2014, terrorists, using TOW-2A ATGM, burned one L-39 at the airport of Aleppo. The militants succeeded in capturing 7 airplanes at the Kshesh airbase.



At present, in Syria, the main work related to strikes against militants and their military infrastructure fell on the Russian Aerospace Forces, but the actions of the Albatross crews will be included in history military aviation, as examples of heroism and sacrifice.
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http://vestnik-rm.ru/news-4-14301.htm
32 comments
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  1. TVM - 75
    TVM - 75 6 December 2015 07: 31 New
    26
    If desired, even a training aircraft becomes a formidable weapon. It all depends on desire. And when there is no desire, then they fight with modern weapons only with excavators.
    1. visitork67
      visitork67 6 December 2015 12: 21 New
      +1
      With formidable, hitherto invincible and invulnerable to our VKS monsters.
    2. Lex.
      Lex. 6 December 2015 13: 55 New
      +2
      Maybe the Yak-130, as a training one, will work well for its goals. For this, it has all the tools. Well, l-39. I doubt that it will hit the target, because for this you need to fly at low altitude to hit the target, which means substituting under the zsu, shilka or bshk
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. Butchcassidy
      Butchcassidy 7 December 2015 17: 01 New
      +1
      Light attack aircraft have their own target niche, including as a struggle in a guerrilla war, when serious heavy vehicles are redundant.

      Such a niche is successfully occupied by the Brazilian EMB-314 Super Tucano turboprop, which has proven itself in the business.

      PS As far as I know, in our country a similar technique is not produced ...
      1. Aqela
        Aqela 8 December 2015 13: 09 New
        0
        An-2, with due refinement winked
    5. Aqela
      Aqela 8 December 2015 13: 08 New
      0
      Po-2 is a good example of this. It is also important to correctly use a gun or weapon, say, do not hammer nails with pliers.
  2. svp67
    svp67 6 December 2015 07: 43 New
    10
    Since "Albatross" showed itself as a real fighter there, then we should expect the combat debut of the Yak130 ...
    1. WUA 518
      WUA 518 6 December 2015 07: 48 New
      +3
      Quote: svp67
      then we should expect the Yak130 combat debut ...

      What for? "The Syrian Air Force, due to the lack of attack aircraft, actively used the L-39ZA combat training aircraft to attack terrorists."
      1. svp67
        svp67 6 December 2015 12: 56 New
        +1
        Quote: WUA 518
        What for?

        Then, in order to fully understand the capabilities of the new Yak, and the export potential to raise it ...
    2. alekc73
      alekc73 6 December 2015 09: 39 New
      +3
      Albatross is good as a school desk. The attack aircraft is the SU-25. The Yak-130 is expensive and there is no armor. At low altitudes it’s not a fighter.
      1. Andrey NM
        Andrey NM 6 December 2015 10: 20 New
        19
        Dear, just do not throw tomatoes at once ...
        Sometimes I get the idea that under such conditions, cheaper versions, something like IL-2, IL-10 and the like, should be additionally comprehensively used. The aircraft is armored, the engine does not provide so much heat for guiding MANPADS, it eats many times less during the take-off of fuel. There are no enemy fighters, air defense is only ground-based and more small-arms. It seems that the Americans have already done something similar to fight the partisans in the jungle and the Brazilians had something.
        1. sa-ag
          sa-ag 6 December 2015 13: 59 New
          0
          Quote: Andrey NM
          the engine does not give so much heat to aim MANPADS

          Now there are no such engines, here for a regional 19-seater aircraft Austrian air diesel planned
        2. Lex.
          Lex. 6 December 2015 18: 15 New
          +1
          Modern MANPADS modern and UAV knocks down that for him IL-10
        3. zennon
          zennon 6 December 2015 23: 43 New
          +1
          Quote: Andrey NM
          Dear, just do not throw tomatoes at once ...

          Here enjoy. Do not jerk! Have fun:
          http://topwar.ru/?newsid=51864
          http://topwar.ru/51986-sovremennye-protivopartizanskie-samolety-chast-2-ya.html
      2. Aljavad
        Aljavad 6 December 2015 21: 59 New
        +3
        Albatross is good as a school desk. The attack aircraft is the SU-25. The Yak-130 is expensive and there is no armor. At low altitudes it’s not a fighter.


        The first one. SU is a CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT (for example - SU-155).
        Sukhoi design bureau plane - "Su". This is according to the rules of the Russian language. Should be respected.

        Second. The L-39ZA modification was originally created as a light attack aircraft for low-intensity conflicts, where "zsu, shilka or bshk" is difficult to meet (or, in other words, for poor countries). Those. the plane was used for its intended purpose. It differs from the usual in the USSR "Albatross", in particular, by the built-in cannon GSH-23, which was not on our Elkahs.
  3. yuriy55
    yuriy55 6 December 2015 08: 11 New
    +7
    Here, of course, I do not argue, just like in the saying about those who are foolish about fiction ...
    The results are obvious:
    Terrorists in Syria were afraid of fire like L-39ZA aircraft for more than four years and two months constantly obsessed from the sorties of military aircraft of the Russian aerospace forces.
    hi
  4. Andryukha G
    Andryukha G 6 December 2015 08: 39 New
    +1
    Mal so daring.
  5. Oleg-S1970
    Oleg-S1970 6 December 2015 08: 50 New
    +7
    L 39 is a combat training aircraft, it is very well piloted! it can be said PARTA for many pilots
  6. 1-Patriot
    1-Patriot 6 December 2015 09: 18 New
    +1
    Sorry, but right now the MO warehouse is full of the same Su-24/25!

    Why not provide fraternal assistance to Syrian pilots?
    1. Penetrator
      Penetrator 6 December 2015 09: 55 New
      +6
      Quote: 1-Patriot
      Why not provide fraternal assistance to Syrian pilots?

      Syrians need to be trained. At best, retrain, at worst - learn from scratch. How many Syrian Air Force pilots are there ... And this time, which is critically lacking.
      1. 1-Patriot
        1-Patriot 6 December 2015 11: 46 New
        +1
        Wiki has the story of Su 25, in 2014. delivered urgently to Iraq - did they find pilots from somewhere? Although before this drying was not used?
    2. Aljavad
      Aljavad 6 December 2015 22: 10 New
      0
      Sorry, but right now the MO warehouse is full of the same Su-24/25!


      "Put in storage" is almost the same as "send to landfill".

      After all, they are not stored in warehouses, but in the open air, it’s good if they were mothballed, and the pickers did not go through.
      In any case, in order to put the car back into operation, overhaul is needed.
  7. Major_Vortex
    Major_Vortex 6 December 2015 11: 22 New
    +4
    Yak-130 is better:
  8. ratfly
    ratfly 6 December 2015 12: 01 New
    +5
    In my opinion, the Brazilians have a super toucano unpretentious non-reactive with screws. Cheap and cheerful. By the way, the name for the attack aircraft is "super-angry" in the Brazilian manner. smile
    1. cobalt
      cobalt 6 December 2015 16: 15 New
      +3
      In appearance it is, denoted as A 29
    2. Aljavad
      Aljavad 6 December 2015 22: 16 New
      0
      In my opinion, the Brazilians have a super toucano unpretentious non-reactive with screws. Cheap and cheerful. By the way, the name for the attack aircraft is "super-angry" in the Brazilian manner.


      EMB-314 Super Tucano - Turboprop. Modern, nice, popular. TCB Tucano T.Mk1 collects Britons under license (Short Brothers in Rochester).
  9. gregor6549
    gregor6549 6 December 2015 12: 34 New
    +6
    Syria is now to some extent Afghanistan at the initial stage. Those. gangs of militants armed in terms of air defense are operating very weakly on earth, and aviation armed with the latest technology is attacking them from heaven. Naturally, any bombing is terrible for those on earth. But given that the militants get a lot of money from the captured oil, it is quite likely that in the near future the militants will have something worse than Shilok and DShK, for example Stingers, and then the flyers will have to be afraid and climb to those heights where Stinger can’t get them. But at the same time, the fears of the militants will decrease as well. from high altitudes it’s problematic to precisely target targets. There will be a lack of accuracy to compensate for by carpet bombing, and this is the death of civilians and an additional incentive for their relatives to join the ranks of ISIS. And in general, given the fact that ISIS has spread all over the world, no bombing of individual ISIS cells in a single country can cope with this infection, even if the bombing is backed up by ground operations. One of the striking examples of Israel’s ongoing struggle against terrorists for decades. Those. intense activity is evident, intensive bombing and ground operations are carried out from time to time and to no avail. It should be borne in mind that Israel’s awareness of its opponents is very high. Is there such a knowledge among the forces operating against ISIS in Syria and Iraq is a big question. Not to mention the fact that the goals of each side of the warring parties there are often directly opposite. And it’s not so simple with the fear of militants. These are normal people who are afraid of death and all past wars were based on this.
    And how to fight against people, many of whom dream of dying for what they believe in. Here, no bombing is needed, but something smarter and thinner.
    1. Aljavad
      Aljavad 6 December 2015 22: 19 New
      0
      Here, no bombing is needed, but something smarter and thinner.


      And everyone says - there is no military solution. Bombing is just one of the tools.

      Another - buy ALL Syrian tangerines! wink
      PS: The first ship has already left Latakia!
  10. NIKNN
    NIKNN 6 December 2015 12: 52 New
    +2
    Initially, the pair for Su 25 was just L39.
  11. bayk777
    bayk777 6 December 2015 13: 50 New
    +3
    In my town, the L-39s were once stationed. All childhood passed to the sound of the engines of these aircraft. In Soviet times, VERY much flew!
  12. gallville
    gallville 6 December 2015 14: 17 New
    +3
    Another article is nonsense about the need for a light attack aircraft. It’s like salty sugar, or a horse without a rein, or a girl without ....... brains.
    They'll tear that hang glider out of a dshk or a twin 14,7mm and that's all. They work only with guided weapons from heights. So, firstly, the price of weapons will override all the advantages of a "light" aircraft, so the frequency of flights will also depend on the availability of this weapon. Again, a light or medium fighter will cope with this task (there has been no light segment in Russia for a long time).
    The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation have now taken the absolutely correct position. Protected attack aircraft with precision mass bombs. And serious guided weapon bombers where needed. And not a shanty for 100 bucks Tamagovka per million.
    1. Aljavad
      Aljavad 6 December 2015 22: 25 New
      0
      It’s like salty sugar, or a horse without a rein, or a girl without ....... brains.


      salty sugar in a glass of the enemy - CLASS!

      a horse without a rein - in the steppe (a symbol of freedom) - CLASS!

      girl without ....... brains (if not married) - CLASS!

      The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation have now taken the absolutely correct position. Protected attack aircraft with precision mass bombs. And serious guided weapon bombers where needed.

      And here - I completely agree! 100%

      VKS tactics and the relevance of a light attack aircraft are different topics. The big ship has a lot of voyages, but there are poor countries where all the air forces are light attack aircraft. Best case scenario.
  13. shura7782
    shura7782 6 December 2015 14: 30 New
    +2
    gregor6549 (1
    That's right. The presence of stingers will drive attack aircraft at 4500 meters. Efficiency is declining. In Bagram, a pair of L-39s flew for weather reconnaissance.
  14. Stilet
    Stilet 6 December 2015 17: 42 New
    +3
    We must pay tribute to the Syrian pilots. Used everything that is at hand. Assault on a training aircraft is not a hit on the table with your hand. I’m sure they are doing sorties on the MIG-21 now.
  15. moscow
    moscow 6 December 2015 21: 52 New
    0
    And how to fight against people, many of whom dream of dying for what they believe in. Here, no bombing is needed, but something smarter and thinner. [/ Quote]
    http://evreimir.com/85399/svinye-puli-protiv-islamskih-terro/
  16. iouris
    iouris 6 December 2015 23: 56 New
    0
    The idea of ​​the article is that a special "anti-terrorist" aircraft is needed. Maybe. but the question immediately arises: did not the idea of ​​buying in Brazil a license for the production of the American-Canadian "Tucano" arise in someone's head? Need another Superjet?
    Essentially: the terrorists in Syria are not afraid of anything, and if the country is poorly prepared for war, then the pilots will have to fly at least on a broomstick and throw stones.