Military Review

Multipurpose MPA patrol aircraft of the Italian company PIAGGIO AEROSPACE


MPA (Multirole Patrol Aircraft is a multi-purpose patrol aircraft) is a technologically advanced, competitive lightweight aircraft with two turboprop engines, created by Piaggio Aerospace. It is designed to perform various tasks, ranging from peacekeeping operations to actual combat scenarios; It has advanced features and best-in-class features required to perform the most complex scenarios.

Piaggio Aerospace is developing an MPA multipurpose patrol aircraft in collaboration with ADASI (Abu Dhabi Autonomous System Investments). This is a division of Tawazun from the United Arab Emirates, which manages many comprehensive programs for the UAE armed forces and creates joint ventures with a number of world-class companies.

The MPA multipurpose aircraft is capable of performing various reconnaissance tasks, it can be equipped with various functional sensor systems and control elements in order to provide reconnaissance and surveillance, patrolling economic zones and conduct rescue operations. The aircraft has an excellent combination of flight duration, range of operational flight speeds, climb gradient and practical ceiling, and, finally, a comfortable working space for conducting sea patrols, monitoring ground targets, tactical, radio and electronic reconnaissance.

Multipurpose MPA patrol aircraft of the Italian company PIAGGIO AEROSPACE

Piaggio Aerospace MPA outperforms other competitors in light mid-height turboprop segment aviation, it fills the gap between the heavier turboprop intelligence platforms thanks to the following features:

To fly fast at high altitudes to remote operational theaters, for which a longer flight time is necessary;
Integrate the latest radars and advanced optical-electronic systems;
Process and combine the information received with the most modern management consoles;
Transmit reconnaissance information to earth via data channels in direct and indirect visibility;
Minimum logistics with maximum performance.

The Piaggio Aerospace MPA with its maximum operating speed MMO (Maximum Mach Operative) 0,65 Mach number is the fastest turboprop aircraft on the market. This platform is designed to integrate the most advanced sensors, while having the best performance in its class:

Quick climb to 12300 meters
Almost silent loitering at low speeds (125 KTAS, KTAS - true airspeed in sea knots)
Short flight at high speed (up to 350 KTAS, MMO = 0,65) to remote operating theaters
Patrolling large areas at low altitudes to 7 hours
Work at high altitudes with a flight time of more than 10 hours
Flight at maximum range over 3300 nautical miles


The spacious, full-length cabin allows you to install various functional consoles for a wide range of special tasks. Thanks to the pushing propellers in the tail section, the cabin has the lowest level of noise and vibration among the aircraft of this category.

The crew is comfortably accommodated in a work area with two workplaces, one seating area, a kitchen and a toilet. With an overpressure of just 0,6 kg / cm, the 2 cabin has a very low equivalent height, which allows you to get a comfortable working environment for pilots and operators and guarantee low fatigue and maximum operability of operators.

About the program

The new Piaggio Aerospace Multirole Patrol Aircraft patrol aircraft is a further development of the P.180 Avanti II aircraft of the same company that has been tested and certified for the carriage of passengers. This aircraft, with its proprietary 3LSC configuration (Three-Lifting-Surface Configuration) with three aerodynamic surfaces and laminar wings with high elongation, has more than 800000 flying hours and more than 20 years of trouble-free operation.

The modified aerodynamic configuration, created for special military tasks, passed advanced tests at low and high speeds in wind tunnels of advanced laboratories to substantiate the design and confirm the characteristics, during which it demonstrated a reduction in the required power by 30% compared to its closest competitor.

The new MPA aircraft inherited the excellent performance of the P.180 Avanti II platform, including high speed, but the new model of the aircraft was modified to improve the performance and installation of new and upgraded onboard systems:
Increased area and wingspan and tail
Noise reduction (including upgrading engines with new screws with saber blades)
New chassis
Increased fuel capacity
SAAB Equipment

Performing tasks

The new multi-purpose aircraft Piaggio Aerospace MPA is optimized for a variety of tasks: sea patrols, ground surveillance, tactical radio intelligence and information gathering. The Italian company Piaggio Aerospace, seeking to create the lightest efficient turboprop aircraft designed to perform special tasks, chose Swedish company SAAB as a system supplier for MPA. Piaggio Aerospace and SAAB are installing a full set of advanced sensors and surveillance systems onboard the MPA, as well as integrating the Aquila MMS (Mission Management System) flight task management system.

In order to carry out a wide range of tasks, high-performance search radar and a set of optical-electronic equipment will be integrated into MMS, which will make the MPA one of the most functional and advanced aircraft in its class. Radar antennas and a specific intelligence station are installed under the fuselage, which allows for circular surveillance; The systems are powered from a reliable power source with a voltage of 28 DC volts.

The open architecture of all MPA aircraft systems allows the flexibility to adapt to the task, and the extensive use of commercial ready-made components provides a modern human-machine interface and first-class graphics capabilities and computing power.

Aquila MMS integrates tactical sensors and data channels that provide operators with a high level of situational awareness by combining data from various sensors and systems and presenting information through an advanced human-machine interface. Two operator workplaces are equipped with multifunctional consoles with built-in displays and means of monitoring and controlling sensors, and systems for collecting, analyzing, combining, recording and distributing all available data. This allows you to maximize crew productivity and properly distribute responsibilities between them, while direct integration with aircraft avionics allows for increased interaction between the pilot and operators.

The MPA aircraft has a modern communications system with a broadband data link in direct line of sight, as well as a powerful Ku / Ka satellite communication system. The communication system can also be improved by integrating data transmission channels of Link 11 / 16 standards and the in-friend-inquire device.

Optional (highly recommended) on the MPA aircraft can be installed protection system.

Specifications MPA multipurpose patrol aircraft

Wingspan - 21,378 m
Length - 14,400 m
Height –3,964 m

Maximum take-off - 7500 kg
Maximum at landing - 6500 kg
No fuel - 5000 kg
Equipment plus operator 2 - 6130kg
Maximum fuel weight and maximum equipment weight - 2315 kg
Available fuel - kg 2400

Flight quality
Maximum cruising speed (height 7600 m) - 350 KTAS
Maximum working height - 12300 m
Maximum flight duration (1500 meters, 100 nautical miles) with a reserve of 45 fuel minutes according to the rules of visual flight - 6,4 hours
X-rate of XTUMX KTAS for less than one turn radius
Rise to 10500 meters in 20 minutes with maximum weight

2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-66B 950 SHP
low-noise screws with five blades Hartzell with rotation towards each other

Onboard equipment
Two replaceable operators from SAAB, equipped with multifunctional displays and controls
Avionics of Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion

Materials used:

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  1. velikoros-xnumx
    velikoros-xnumx 26 November 2015 07: 10
    Nice airplane of original design. PGO on airplanes of this class is an original solution, its functional meaning is interesting (specialists enlighten). The translation is clumsy (or I don’t understand something), some performance characteristics are incomprehensible for this reason (maximum speed 350 ktas - miles per hour ???, in the line the flight duration is 100 miles what is this ???)
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Mera joota
      Mera joota 26 November 2015 07: 48
      Quote: velikoros-xnumx
      its functional meaning is interesting

      Patrol aircraft, naval reconnaissance, surface lighting. Due to the reduction in the mass and volume of equipment, it is now possible to cram into the Tu-95 into a plane like this before.
      Under his belly, he most likely has radars with AFAR and optoelectronic systems, a satellite communication antenna directed at the top to transmit information via satellite directly to the consumer. A sort of low cost manned version of the MQ-4C Triton.
      1. velikoros-xnumx
        velikoros-xnumx 26 November 2015 08: 04
        The purpose of the aircraft is more or less clear, specifically interested in PGO. A very unusual solution for an aircraft of this class, what is its role on this aircraft?
        1. Mera joota
          Mera joota 26 November 2015 08: 35
          Quote: velikoros-xnumx
          specifically interested in PGO. A very unusual solution for an aircraft of this class, what is its role on this aircraft

          Duc for the aerodynamic configuration "duck" PGO is mandatory.
          1. Forget
            Forget 26 November 2015 12: 44
            Quote: Mera Joota
            Duc for the aerodynamic configuration "duck"

            This is not a duck, this is called a triplane. NGO Lightning also developed such schemes
            1. The comment was deleted.
            2. Mera joota
              Mera joota 26 November 2015 13: 08
              Quote: Forget
              This is not a duck, it's called a triplane

              Indeed, a mistake came out ...
    3. Skifotavr
      Skifotavr 27 November 2015 01: 44
      It was created on the basis of the light administrative aircraft Piaggio P.180 Avanti, the presentation of which took place in Texas back in 1983. But the company for all the time managed to sell only a couple of dozen such aircraft. Apparently, the private clients for whom he was created discourages his too innovative appearance.
  2. Bayonet
    Bayonet 26 November 2015 07: 14
    Thanks for the review, an interesting car. Unusual layout and good features. hi
    1. FID
      FID 26 November 2015 11: 23
      Quote: Bayonet
      Thanks for the review, an interesting car.

      I apologize, this is not a review - this is a TRANSLATION of some article into Russian, with a very small revision ..
      1. hoot
        hoot 26 November 2015 13: 54
        Even more to translate an advertising booklet, not an article))
    2. Genry
      Genry 26 November 2015 13: 21
      There is a significant drawback - the placement of PGO.
      Severely degrades the visual view from the cockpit and the deterioration of the radar functionality in the nose fairing.
  3. Engineer
    Engineer 26 November 2015 08: 58
    Pusher - you can’t even discuss this paper project.
  4. Whowhy
    Whowhy 26 November 2015 11: 40
    I probably don’t understand something in technology ... feel How can turboscrew motor work backwards ??? lol
    1. FID
      FID 26 November 2015 12: 17
      As usual, the turbine is behind and the exhaust is back, and the compressor is in front ... nothing out of the ordinary ...
      1. Whowhy
        Whowhy 26 November 2015 23: 32
        So after all, the temperature at the exit is quite decent - and there the screws ... I saw myself how the spare wheel on the "Hurricane" caught fire when the T-80 was driven onto it, and it ended up under the exhaust.
    2. nvn_co
      nvn_co 26 November 2015 13: 26
      Easy! Two independent turbines and twist them like a hosh (meaning the gearbox will look in which direction) ... For example, the AI-450, there is generally an input device at the bottom, and there are a lot of output from the rear of such engines. As a rule, these are alterations from helicopters. but there are also aircraft. And on some, they can simply take the torque from the shaft and use the gearbox shaft to send torque to the other side ...
  5. Andrewgross
    Andrewgross 26 November 2015 12: 26
    Remaking a business jet into a marine patrol plane? But what, Poghosyan seriously offered the Superjet to the military in this capacity ...
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Mera joota
      Mera joota 26 November 2015 13: 11
      Quote: Andrewgross
      Remaking a business jet into a marine patrol plane? But what, Poghosyan seriously offered the Superjet to the military in this capacity ...

      Why not, Americans always make special equipment based on passenger cars, it’s much cheaper both by car and by operation. Won B-737 at any civilian airport in the world can be served ...
    3. Genry
      Genry 26 November 2015 13: 12
      This is strictly connected with plans for the PD-10 engine, which is not yet available.
    4. The comment was deleted.
  6. Gunther
    Gunther 26 November 2015 19: 13
    .... superior to other competitors in the segment of light medium-altitude turboprop aircraft
    .... technologically advanced, competitive

    Well this is understandable, you won’t praise yourself, who will praise you)))
    And so the plane is beautiful, such a predatory one.
    Maximum flight duration (1500 meters, 100 nautical miles)

    It seems that they have beguiled the duration with a range, it happens.
    Range of 1852 kilometers, without refueling to the Crimea and vice versa does not work, though the PTB seems to be provided, once up to 3,3 thousand m. Mile
  7. Xenos
    Xenos 26 November 2015 22: 52
    Something reminded the American project of a dive bomber from the Second World War (with coaxial reverse thrust screws in the tail of the fuselage). The project was quite successful, but was never implemented.
  8. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 27 November 2015 10: 44
    This niche is empty in our country and something similar appears only with the development of IL 114.
  9. Decabrev
    Decabrev 29 November 2015 23: 03
    With PGO everything is clear. This, in fact, is not entirely PGO.
    This front surface does not have rudders, but only flaps.
    They deviate down along with the wing flaps, create lift and compensate for the diving moment created by the wing flaps.
    In airplanes of normal design, this dive moment from the flaps is compensated by the deviation of the elevators up.
    As a result, the horizontal plumage of the normal scheme on takeoff and landing not only does not create lift, but quite the contrary.
    Thus, in this beautiful bird, all three surfaces on take-off and landing create lift, which means that the wing area can be less, and there is less than with the normal scheme.
    Hence, less resistance, more speed, less fuel consumption.
    In addition, the support in the form of this front wing made it possible to push the main wing a little back, behind the cabin, which means to let the center wing pass through the fuselage, and not to sculpt the wing below or above the cabin.
    Hence the absence of a hump from below or above the fuselage, the ideal pairing of the wing with the fuselage and, again, a reduction in drag.
    The fuselage also flows laminarly, despite the fact that the lamen.
    In general, the device is ideally optimized in terms of aerodynamics.
    I suspect that balancing with the front wing allows a significant movement of the center of gravity during races in the toilet and other movements of the mass inside the airplane, which is also a problem for small devices.
    This device, after all, was primarily developed by the passenger.
    This scheme also has disadvantages.
    An increase in the number of wings should, nevertheless, lead to an increase in drag and weight, all other things being equal.
    But all this being equal, but the pluses listed above more than cover the minuses.
    Probably a complication of the design should lead to a rise in price and a decrease in reliability, but, most likely, it is not very significant.
    And most importantly - it's just awesomely beautiful device.
    And the article, of course, is not an article, but a translation of advertising from the manufacturer, but, anyway, thank you for showing such a beautiful device.
    Not a minus, since it’s not supposed to be in service life, I don’t like to do this, and I haven’t found a button yet.
    The site, by the way, is very interesting here.
  10. Decabrev
    Decabrev 29 November 2015 23: 08
    By the way, the project is not paper at all.
    If you count all the passenger options, several hundred have already riveted and have been successfully flying for a long time.
    I did not hear about serious incidents with his participation, but there was a video somewhere around how he sparkled with disks in the landing strip.
    Apparently the rubber failed.
  11. Ivan the Fool
    Ivan the Fool 20 February 2016 16: 13
    The most beautiful plane, it’s incredible how it flies!