Military Review

Aviation Museum of Kotka

An hour from the Russian border and 15 kilometers from the center of Kotka is Kyumi airfield, on the territory of which the local flying club organized an aviation museum.

The airfield is a bit lost in the picturesque Finnish forests and is relatively deserted - after walking through the territory we saw only two men who were picking in one of the hangars.

The museum appeared in 1992 year with the support of the Finnish Air Force. The exhibition consists of a dozen gliders, two pre-war biplanes and five jet fighters. All this is shoved tightly into one big green hangar. Entrance to the museum is free, while working with 10 to 18. Although we were leaving closer to seven, so no one came to close.

British fighter Gloster Gauntlet II "GT-400" (OH-XGT). Aircraft of this type were in service with the British Air Force from 1935 to 1943 year. In the 1940 year, the Allies delivered Finland 24 of such aircraft, where they were operated as training until 1945 year.

This is the only Gloucester Gauntlet remaining in the world. Restored in 1982 year, flies.

French jet trainer Fouga CM.170 Magister (FM-43). The aircraft entered service with the French Air Force in the 1956 year, and with 1959 they were bought by Finland, where they were operated until the 1988 year (total 80 units). The main part of the Finnish Fouga Magister were built under license in Finland at the Valmet plant.

The museum car was in service from 1962 to 1986 year. In August, the Finnish Air Force 1992 transferred the already decommissioned aircraft here to the Kymi airfield, which was the beginning of this museum. Aeroclub aircraft fully restored and at the moment it is ready to fly.

Characteristic V-shaped tail.


Straight space forms.

Soviet fighter MiG-21bis (MG-116). The most common military aircraft in stories aviation flew in the Finnish Air Force. This is the most advanced type modification, produced from 1972 to 1985.

for some reason, all the inscriptions on it remained in Russian:

This machine was operated from 1978 to 1997 year, after which it entered the museum. In total, the 1978 to 1998 year in the Finnish Air Force was 26 MiG-21bis.

The engine from the MiG-21bis: "Tumanskij R25-300".

Lightweight British fighter Folland FO.141 Gnat Mk.1 (GN-107).

The Folland Gnat has been in service since 1958, mainly in the Indian Air Force. In Britain itself, from 1959 to 1979, only a training modification was used for the year.

From 1958 to 1972 year in the Finnish Air Force there were 13 pieces of such machines. It was the first aircraft in Finland to fly at supersonic speeds. The museum machine was operated from 1959 to 1971 year, is now inoperative.

This is the only exhibit of the museum where you can easily sit in the cockpit, pull all the knobs and press all the buttons.

Swedish supersonic fighter Saab 35FS Draken (DK-259). Exported to Denmark, Austria and Finland. Adopted on 1960, flew to 2005.

You can get on a plane by a special tree and try to look at the cabin through the glass of the lantern.

View from the lantern.

Attached is a picture of such a machine in flight. Looks cool, no words.

Sly wing.

In Finland, the Drakens served in the Air Force from 1972 to 2000 a year, with a total of 47 of various modifications. It turns out that they served in parallel with the MiGs.

Guided air-to-air missile (US licensed) and main landing gear.

Tail landing gear.

This machine 1967 year of release, in Finland was in 1985. She flew to 1997 year, after which she was transferred to the museum.

Another MiG-21, more rare:

MiG-21F-13 (MG-78). The first generation fighter (produced from 1959 to 1965 year).

With an air-to-air guided missile (American copied) and a suspended fuel tank.

From 1963 to 1986 year in service with the Finnish Air Force was 22 such aircraft.


German training aircraft Focke-Wulf Fw 44J Stieglitz.
Popular pre-war training aircraft (first flight - 1932 year). For the Finnish Air Force, 35 units were purchased, which were operated from 1940 to 1960 a year, and then were auctioned off.

This car was restored in 1998 year and ready to fly.

In the museum you can purchase postcards and booklets. Put money in the iron box.

Alexander Mozhaisky, the founder of Russian aviation. Born here in Kotka.

Announcement of the retro-air event with Hawker Hurricane and DC-3 and other joys.

On the street in front of the entrance is a monument in honor of the fighter squadron of the air defense of the city of Kotka, for which this airfield was built in 1942-43.

The valiant Finnish pilots flew, respectively, on Messerschmitt Bf.109. The swastika on the monument is present in full ("correct" Finnish, rotated 45 degrees.).

An interesting two-headed truck (cable layer?) Based on the English Bedford TK (1959-1986) hid in the bushes. The truck was still alive for a long time, the whole climbed under it and mushrooms grew under it (brown grapes!). Inside is all gutted.

In the middle is a reel, behind which is attached a Scania-Vabis L76 (1963-1968) cab. Cab with a motor, inside one seat in the center and several levers in the floor.

Nearby is another truck of the same destination, the Thames Trader (1962-1967) made by the British Ford division.

Unfortunately, while we were wandering around the airfield, nothing ever arrived - it did not fly away.

Finnish aviation was represented only by a single, reliably tied glider.

Initially, in addition to the museum in Kotka, there was a plan to visit the aviation museum of Karelia, located on the territory of Lappeenranta Airport (100 km from Kotka, 30 km from Russia). But it works only on weekdays and only in summer, so I didn’t get into it and had to take pictures over the fence.

The set of jet planes there is the same as in Kotka, but there are also a couple of helicopters.

Soviet helicopter Mi-4 (HR-2). Produced from 1952 to 1966 year. From 1962 to 1979 year three Mi-4 operated by the Finnish Air Force.

In fact, it is a naked body at the very beginning of the restoration.

Saab 35S Draken (DK-213) and a Mercedes-Benz L319 (1955-1968) van servicing vehicle.

Fouga SM.170 Magister and Mi-8T (HS-4). Mi-8 arrived in the Finnish Air Force from 1973 of the year, in total 10 units were purchased from the USSR.

This Fugue is much more tired than in Kotka.

Draken and Folland FO.141 Gnat Mk.1 (GN-103).

Land Rover Series II (1958-1971) and tail from the MiG-21. In total there are three MiGs hiding behind the hangars.

Unlike Kotka, in Lappeenranta is a real airport, where it is rare, but you can find something more interesting than light-engine aircraft:

Saab 340B (SE-KXJ) of the Swedish airline NextJet.

Bombardier Q400 NextGen Latvian AirBaltic.
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  1. Good cat
    Good cat 24 November 2015 06: 42
    More museums are good and different!
  2. oldav
    oldav 24 November 2015 06: 51
    Who knows why Finland bought weapons from the USSR? After all, it was a capitalist country and was not included in any blocs with the CMEA and the Warsaw Pact. Maybe a "flavoring" policy?
    1. inkass_98
      inkass_98 24 November 2015 07: 25
      In those days, they pursued a more reasonable policy - a neighbor is big and strong, it is more profitable to be friends. NATO would only spoil relations. Therefore, most of the weapons were either Soviet or based on it. Tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, airplanes (not all) were ours, small arms ("Valmet") - variations on the AK theme.
    2. WUA 518
      WUA 518 24 November 2015 07: 49
      Quote: oldav
      why did Finland buy weapons from the USSR?

      The post-war appearance of the Finnish Air Force was formed on the basis of the Paris agreements, and only the quantitative composition was regulated there, and even that only concerned fighters, by the way, Finland a few years ago withdrew from this agreement, they say, new times, new trends. the business is said. And they sold them an export version of the MiG.
    3. sso-xnumx
      sso-xnumx 24 November 2015 09: 14
      Quote: oldav
      why did Finland buy weapons from the USSR?

      The President of Finland, Urho Kaleva Kekkonen, was a smart and competent man, he had been president for 25 years and understood perfectly well that for Finland friendly and good trade relations with the USSR are much more profitable than all these "Nats and the EU". Count how many ships and ships for the fleet were built on "Vyartsila", so the Finns never earned as much as during the Soviet Union.
    4. Scraptor
      Scraptor 24 November 2015 12: 13
      Under the terms of the 1944 peace treaty, it must also have non-aligned status, and not have foreign troops on its territory.

      One of the helicopters, which is the most collapsed (or even all three), was used by their president as the most reliable in the world.
    5. Alex_59
      Alex_59 24 November 2015 14: 33
      Quote: oldav
      Who knows why Finland bought weapons from the USSR?

      Not only from the USSR, I bought a lot from anyone. Nobody obliged her to choose exactly the Soviet one. But there are a number of points - the Soviet in many cases is better suited for Finnish conditions, because Designed for use in forests, swamps and frosts.
      And so, the Finns, unlike other Baltic states / Ukrainians / Georgians, are clearly aware that they can’t alter geography and do not change their neighbors, so it’s better to build pragmatic beneficial relations, rather than arrange Independence Squares. True, this enlightenment came after manual therapy in the 44 year, before that the Finns frolic even more fun than today's Georgians with Ukrainians. But what an effect! The patient after the 44 year is completely healthy!
  3. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 24 November 2015 07: 09
    The photos are cool and the captions are good, informative, one small remark: "Soviet fighter MiG-21bis (MG-116). The most widespread military aircraft in the history of aviation." I understand that this phrase is from Vicki, but offhand the Me-109 has been produced much more, not to mention the Il-2.
    1. Ramses_IV
      Ramses_IV 24 November 2015 10: 26
      The author wrote about the modification of the Mig-21bis. And Bf-109 had several modifications - Emil, Gustav and some other, I don’t remember. If you bring all the modifications of the instant-21, then I think that Messers did all less
      1. Vladimirets
        Vladimirets 24 November 2015 14: 20
        Quote: Ramses_IV
        about the modification of the Mig-21bis

        Released a little more than 2000pcs. Only Bf-109G-6 released 12000pcs.
  4. Pavel_J
    Pavel_J 24 November 2015 08: 35
    By the way, "cat" is a cat in Old Russian =)
  5. Wild_grey_wolf
    Wild_grey_wolf 24 November 2015 09: 20
    I liked the review, I have learned a lot lately because it happens so that it is very difficult to get out wherever you want. I really liked the Saab 35FS Draken (DK-259), I have never seen such a thing and the aerodynamics are interesting, maybe very advanced for its time. . . Thanks a lot.
  6. Olegmog
    Olegmog 24 November 2015 09: 42
    About ten years ago, in Finland I met a convoy of military men.
    The composition was a lot of gas 66, zil 131.
    I was also surprised by our technique. And then it turns out they
    and we bought aviation! Well done!
  7. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 24 November 2015 10: 27
    Thanks for the great pics.
  8. Limon1972
    Limon1972 24 November 2015 11: 51
    Thanks for the review. I honestly thought that Kotka in Russia wink
    1. traveler
      traveler 24 November 2015 17: 23
      From there, American used cars in Russia have been carrying a famous city for many years.
    2. Ze Kot
      Ze Kot 24 November 2015 19: 38
      Quote: Limon1972
      Thanks for the review. I honestly thought that Kotka in Russia wink

      Deuce to you in geography wink
  9. traveler
    traveler 24 November 2015 17: 29
    a little further from the border in the city of jyvaskyla there is a similar air museum, which coincides in many exhibits
  10. magirus401
    magirus401 24 November 2015 17: 32
    Finns in terms of technology are great, they have such rarities there, and they work and drive for them, and there is no need for ecology and any fees that I haven’t met at the border, and ancient vases and gases and vases are diverse, and in Russian rooms
    1. traveler
      traveler 24 November 2015 17: 38
      that's for sure, in the tamper of an auto museum, visit if you will pass.
      Quote: magirus401
      on the border of which I have never met

      I once stood in Stockholm on a ferry to a Turk in a queue, unloaded Finns / Swedes passing by and then I looked at the trailer, the Batmobile was standing, stupid - I didn’t take a picture.

      and here’s another photo from the jyväskylä, to the previous one:
  11. ENOTE
    ENOTE 25 November 2015 00: 06
    69460 & order = date_desc & user = 4158230
    28658 & order = date_desc & user = 4158230
    I do not quite understand how to insert pictures here - I throw links.
    And the author did not write about the most important thing!
    One of the most respected organizers of this museum in Kotka is Jurkki Laukanen (aviation colonel). He is already over 80, but he flies and a lot. For example, only he pilots this Gloucester Gauntlet about once a year on a city day or on an aero club day.
    Laukanen began with aircraft modeling and then went along the path of aviation - he drove and tested our MiGs, etc. This is the most respected flyer in Finland. By the way, in the first photo it’s on the far right (I’m also there hehe), and in the second in the cockpit.
    And life on the airfield can be said to be in full swing. All season constant flights of everything that flies. Including from the museum funds. Gliders look especially beautiful ...
    By the way, you can inexpensively pay to fly as a ballast on a two-seater glider!
    I am writing about this because I live here not far.
  12. Mex
    Mex 24 July 2017 19: 10
    Hello. This is not a cable layer !! This is a winch for launching gliders. Correct the author.