Has the Crimean attitude to Russia changed after the referendum?
Perhaps this is one of the most popular questions today. One side, interpreting the urgent problems of the peninsula, is trying to present to the world the deep disappointment of the Crimean people in their choice; the other, on the contrary, was stuck in idle rally shouts and intoxicating delights. The truth is somewhere in the middle. Let me just say that for the overwhelming majority, the desire to be with Russia was not spontaneous, but matured, formed and strengthened over the years of life in independent Ukraine.
Naturally, today you can hear annoying statements about the fact that earlier, that is, under Ukraine, they lived better. In the sense - more profitable. But rational people understand perfectly well that that country is no more and never will be, and it’s definitely not along the way with the Kiev junta Crimea. Also, after the reunification with the peninsula, there is no more and the old Russia, to which many managed to get used, for the success of which the Crimeans have observed the last fifteen years. It would seem that these things are so banal, but still have to repeat them.
I also note that our propaganda machine (of both local and federal significance) played a certain negative role in the process of adequate perception of reality, exploiting a significant difference in the standard of living in the two countries, assuring that Crimea will instantly turn into a pearl ... At war, of course All means are good, but this point was clearly overdone, and they could not touch him at all, since such questions were far from being the main issue at that time. Now, the most naive and doubtful inhabitants of the peninsula, faced with a bunch of problems instead of the expected manna from heaven, are disappointed. But, I repeat: there are not many of those, but most conscious citizens are well aware and understand that there are serious difficulties and trials ahead.
This is the emotional component, if we talk about the "average temperature in the hospital." It is precisely on this that the local authorities are now leaving in many ways. I am sure that it was necessary to say about this. And now let's turn to numbers.
How much money is given to the Crimea?
Money is pumped into the Crimea huge. Even those who do not know where to look for our peninsula on a geographical map know this. Compared with the “transitional” 2014 year, the budget of Crimea-2015 has tripled, reaching over 60 billion rubles. According to the Speaker of the State Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan Vladimir Konstantinov, these figures are three and a half times the last consolidated budget of the Ukrainian Crimea in 2013. Due to taxes in the 2015 year, the republican treasury replenished with 18 and a half billion rubles, which, according to reports of relevant officials, is twice as large as last year.
According to federal targeted programs, about two billion rubles have been allocated to the peninsula this year, and five more should be transferred from day to day. In total, according to the latest edition of the Federal Target Program “Socio-economic development of the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol up to 2020”, the expected amount of public investment in the Crimean Federal District is 708 billion rubles, of which 95% is from the federal budget. This money will mainly be used to modernize the infrastructure (transport, energy, water, etc.) and health care.
But about this a wide audience, both in the Crimea and in the mainland of Russia, is practically unknown, except perhaps for the “Crimean Bridge”. What are the specific goals and amounts - the public can only guess.
Next year, due to international sanctions, the collapse of oil prices and other external and internal factors that greatly weaken the Russian economy that has already been tortured by liberal experiments, the federal budget policy will focus on the economical use of public funds, except, of course, Crimea and Sevastopol. The forecast figures for the republican budget expenditure for the 2016 year total more than 140 billion rubles.
The budget of Sevastopol this year amounted to almost 17 billion rubles, for the 2016 year, the volume of declared expenses was declared in the amount of 36 billion rubles.
What do we have?
As we see, financial flows directed to Crimea from the federal center exceed all expectations. However, observing such a profound decline in the infrastructure of the peninsula and a complete mess in the housing and communal sphere, it is not quite clear where these fabulous sums actually go. If there is now much more money than in Ukraine, why do cities look as if there is no funding at all? Why such a slow pace of reorganization of the health and education? Why are prices so out of control?
According to Rosstat, in this matter, the CFO is ahead of the rest of the country: compared with last year, prices for goods and services in Crimea increased by 122,6%, in Sevastopol - by 117,7%; food products in the Crimea went up by 146,2%, in Sevastopol - by 136,9%. At the same time, in a year and a half, the problem of local speculators and second-hand dealers, who, according to Crimean residents, are more terrible than any trade blockade, could not be settled: for example, aspirin costs 30 rubles in one drugstore, 130 in another.
Wage arrears are slowly but surely increasing, and wages are decreasing - according to the same Rosstat, wages in Crimea with 20200 rubles (although employment sites give an average figure: 12 - 15 thousand) is one of the lowest in the country.
The coastal zone of the South Coast of the South Coast is mired in illegal construction sites: the Yalta Square Nekrasova, Primorsky Park, Massandrovsky and Mishorsky parks are being built up; Nikitsky Botanical Garden is besieged by the houses of the construction company Consol, which is still tied to rumors with the head of the republic’s parliament, Vladimir Konstantinov. In Sevastopol, active development of the Laspi tract with its relic junipers continues, for which, according to local activists, stands the Parangon and Agat-A group of companies of the former Minister of Ukraine Pavel Lebedev. There are also reports of illegal construction in the famous Yasnaya Polyana estate in Gaspra, where Leo Tolstoy lived and worked. Public beaches are closing.
You can list dozens of other moments for a very long time. And social tension grows because nothing changes. On the old merit that has not been canceled, you will not go far. However, it seems that the authorities do not understand this.
Everything is not going according to plan
Today, the situation around the Crimean Peninsula is reminiscent of a large layer cake consisting of various problems.
Crimea still did not fit into the legal field. Despite the statements of the first persons of the state about the successful completion of the transition period, the integration process continues, and it is very painful and not always true. The full implementation of federal legislation in Crimea is still impossible on very many issues - hundreds of federal laws require adjustment in the form of appropriate amendments. Here, first of all, the human factor and the level of professional competence played a role - federal and local officials were simply not ready to solve such problems in such a short time.
Hence, it is quite logical that, in practice, the level of preparation of individual measures for the federal program has turned out to be extremely low, and some of them generally require complete processing, in particular those related to economic development. This was the first publicly announced by the chairman of the Sevastopol Legislative Assembly Alexey Chaly. According to him, we found ourselves in a serious contradiction between the meaning and the procedure. “If the quality of planning documents is currently so unsatisfactory, then there is no reason to speak about the quality of performance at all.”
The same Chaly, a legendary person for Sevastopol, who thoroughly knows all his pressing problems, proposed a program concept of the strategic development of the city a year and a half ago, but it was ignored. Despite the fact that at one time this concept was approved by the presidential administration, the government did not pay any attention to it during the preparation of state programs. As did not pay attention to the option of the development strategy of the Crimea, Academician Glazyev, who prepared it many years ago together with the Crimean, Moscow and Kiev scientists.
It turns out that in the Kremlin after a year and a half there is still no single position on the future of the peninsula, or rather, on the means of achieving the final result. This is one layer of the pie.
From what, strictly speaking, should the Crimea become the model of transferring the economy, economic and political system to the mobilization regime at the request of representatives of the patriotic camp, if Moscow fully trusts the invisible hand of the market, and not the Plan? This is the second layer of the cake.
In view of the foregoing, the low executive discipline of most Crimean officials, who still think and behave according to the logic of the Ukrainian freemen of previous years, who, in turn, sprouted from the general ruin of the nineties, is understandable. So the roots of those and others are the same, only the forms of their manifestation differ. Consequently, one should not be surprised at the widespread level of local corruption, which will be discussed in more detail in the following articles. Now I only remind you of the summer data of the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, Nikolai Patrushev, according to which almost 700 crimes of corruption are registered in Crimea, in connection with this, over 60 of Crimean officials have lost their posts. Not bad, is not it? This is the third layer of the pie.
What kind of efficiency of public administration in such conditions can be discussed if the state does not deal with the solution of key problems, but only creates the appearance of their solution?
The past year and a half clearly showed that without a sound development strategy that meets state and national interests, without a clear prioritization, without a coherent philosophy of the transition period, the failure of Crimea to integrate into Russia is inevitable. Without reformatting the apparatus and the control system in the field, the KFO, despite the huge cash infusions, will continue to set new anti-records.
Without a concrete understanding of what we want and where we are going, no progress can be achieved. Let us recall the post-war plan for the restoration of the national economy of the USSR: when was it ready? Alas, in our day the state is acting differently, and so far we have the corresponding results. It should be remembered that, having provoked a wave of the most powerful spiritual awakening of Russia, with the wrong actions, the Crimea could also act as a detonator for a huge social explosion - also an all-Russian scale.