Military Review

How to fight terrorism

40



The methods of dealing with the terrorist threat that are now being offered in Russia and in the West are, in fact, only an attempt to deal with the symptoms. The fight against the cause of the disease requires from all countries an unattainable level of consciousness and political will.

The terrorist attacks in France have already generated heated discussions on various topics, ranging from the resignation of Hollande and ending with the need to revise the European approach to human rights. But one of the main ones - what measures should be taken to ensure that a similar tragedy does not recur in Paris or any other city in the civilized world, to which the terrorist group of the IG and its similar organizations have declared war against Russia.

Many Russian politicians and experts view the French terrorist act as either a flaw or as evidence of the weakness of the French special services. They say that under Hollande the French counterintelligence agents surrendered sharply, that the socialists instilled in them a careless attitude towards the ghettos existing in France. And, accordingly, recommendations to prevent further terrorist attacks boil down to enhancing the capabilities of special services to control society, as well as to increase the vigilance of citizens themselves and the level of their interaction with law enforcement agencies. The recommendations are certainly sound and necessary, because any country needs strong and adequate intelligence services. But they do not solve the problem.

Intelligence agencies will not save

The ability of any special services to prevent any terrorist attacks like Paris is extremely limited. Speaking of these tragic events, most experts and politicians compare them with September 11, not only in terms of effect, but also in terms of organization. And this is a profound delusion. The terrorist attacks in New York and Washington in 2001 were carefully and meticulously prepared, a significant number of people were attracted to the organization, it was required to perform extremely complex activities (like training pilots). And, taking all this into account, at one stage the special services could intercept information (through an agent, wiretap, or electronic intelligence) and prevent a terrorist act. The Paris events are essentially a new type of terrorist attack (similar to the events in Mumbai in 2008), which require minimal training. The people behind the attacks refused to technically or organizationally complex activities, such as laying a bomb in a concert hall or searching for measures to infiltrate a suicide bomber directly into the Stade de France stands (an explosion in which in the presence of President Hollande would have a tremendous effect). In fact, the organization of the terrorist attack required only a few suicide bombers recruited in the cultural ghettos of Europe (for example, in the émigré districts of Brussels, whose inhabitants live in their little world, do not integrate into Belgian society, and are vulnerable to radical propaganda, talking about infidel brothers in Syria and Iraq). They were given ordinary machine guns in their hands, equipped with shahid belts gathered on their knees, and then they were sent to kill and die.

The special services will be able to prevent the organization of such acts of terrorism only with total control over the society, including the presence of informants in each of the emigrant groups and the most severe control over the circulation of small weapons in the country. But are such measures justified? Immediately the question arises about the freedom / security dilemma, as well as the less well-known security / development dilemma? To what extent do you need to strengthen the ability of special services to control society to the detriment of the freedoms of citizens? To the level of the "Patriot Act"? Or to the level of dystopia and "Big Brother"? And to what degree should excessive control freeze the development and evolution of the social system? After all, the more control, the less evolution and the higher the chance that the development of this system will go not along an evolutionary, but along a revolutionary path.

Need evolution modes

Of course, this does not mean that security control measures should not be strengthened - it is necessary. In particular, to implement (naturally, without excesses) the proposal of the French Prime Minister Manuel Waltz to capture, land, or deport radical Islamic imams, preaching inside these ghettos. However, it should be clearly aware that these measures can reduce the frequency of terrorist attacks, but not prevent them. After all, they are, in fact, the fight against the symptoms of the disease, and not the cause of its occurrence. And this disease has arisen because of the deadlock of social and political development in most Muslim countries. The authorities of these countries cannot offer the population freedom, social elevators, the right to development, the necessary set of values, modernization, and often even an elementary basic level of economic well-being. Moreover, they deprive people of even the hope that these regimes will transform over time. As a result, people do not feel themselves involved in their national-state projects, and are looking for other forms of ownership, as well as other projects that can bring purpose and justice to their lives. Often, these projects are supranational Islamic terrorist groups that base their ideology on traditionalist interpretations of the Koran. This is exactly how the IG emerged - as the answer of the Islamic society, as the search for a new path of development.

Therefore, one can truly fight terrorism only through the transformation of these regimes and the promotion of the modernization of Islam towards more conformist versions (a kind of Islamic reformation). But, of course, the transformation is not a military invasion or humanitarian intervention (as the Americans did in Iraq, or they do in Syria now). And not the overthrow of authoritarian regimes - you need to understand the subtleties of the moment, because authoritarian regimes that facilitate the influx of recruits to terrorists are also the forces holding back the coming of these Islamists to power. The overthrow of authoritarian leaders in Iraq and Libya untied the hands of the Islamists, so the discussion should be not about coups and shock democratizations, but about a consistent, gradual evolution of regimes towards more open and humane forms of government.

Of course, the task looks like from the category of utopian. At least, because in order to achieve such a subtle and accurate evolution, joint successive actions of all the centers of power of the modern world are needed. We need guarantees that these centers will weigh their regional ambitions (for example, on the use of terrorists against their opponents) in order to achieve a common goal. It is obvious that the collective West and, above all, the United States are not ready for such open cooperation with Russia, and especially with Iran. Therefore, the real fight against terrorism is postponed indefinitely, until which countries can only continue to deal with the symptoms.

On the other hand, Moscow has every opportunity to deal with the causes independently or with a group of concerned comrades, but not in the whole world, but in some of its regions. Not in the Middle East, but at least in Central Asia, where the local regimes, with their policies, also force people to go to the Islamist underground. Until now, the Kremlin has actually turned a blind eye, fearing to interfere in the internal affairs of the Central Asian sovereigns. For example, he was silent when Tajik President Rakhmon headed for revising the Moscow agreements (which ended the civil war in Tajikistan through a political compromise between the opposing forces) and began the persecution of the moderate Party of the Islamic Renaissance of Tajikistan, calling it almost an IG affiliate.

The Kremlin should understand that the destabilization of Central Asia will eventually lead to serious foreign policy and even domestic political problems of Russia (refugees, breaking economic ties, instability in the southern underbelly and radicalization of Russian Muslims). And since these problems threaten not only Moscow, but also China, as well as Iran, these countries may try to solve the problems of the emergence of terrorism in a single, important region for them. At the same time, naturally, conducting a dialogue with the West about joint struggle with the causes of the emergence of terrorism on a global scale. And hoping that over time, Western partners will approach this dialogue more responsibly.
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http://expert.ru/2015/11/17/kak-pravilno-borotsya-s-terrorizmom/
40 comments
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  1. Angro Magno
    Angro Magno 20 November 2015 05: 43
    +2
    The task of transforming Muslim regimes seems reasonable. But we must understand that this process is extremely long. And not in political terms, but in terms of mentality. Gaddafi did not have time to change him, although he ruled for a long time and actively tried. That is, there must be a change of more than one generation, which stretches the process for at least a century.
    In general, the result will certainly be, but not during our lifetimes.
    In the meantime, you have to be content with power methods.
    1. Just BB
      Just BB 20 November 2015 05: 53
      +2
      Stalin and Beria also did not manage to "transform the capitalist regime"!
      1. Angro Magno
        Angro Magno 20 November 2015 06: 00
        +4
        Exactly. These were recognized masters, but 30 years were not enough even for them. And then Nikita appeared, bastard.
        1. Vita vko
          Vita vko 20 November 2015 06: 17
          0
          Until the entire international community joins forces in the fight against terrorism, there will be politicians and financiers who will consider terrorism as a means of achieving political and economic benefits. This is a fact that has been repeatedly voiced by a variety of politicians.
          But there is one "but". In order to unite all countries to fight terrorism, it is necessary to give a clear legal definition of terrorism recognized at least in the UN Security Council and develop a procedure according to which the actions of any organizations will be considered terrorist.
          For example, now the definition of terrorism, which is in Wikipedia, can be attributed not only to those who cut off the heads of hostages on camera, but also many "legitimate" governments of countries that are massively engaged in political repression, genocide, and murder of civilians.
          1. gladcu2
            gladcu2 20 November 2015 18: 48
            0
            Vita vko

            Vita, your desire for the development of progress is quite understandable. I will express my point of view, and you draw conclusions.

            Many thanks to the author for the informative article. I read it with pleasure. But with the conclusions I have an addition.

            Yes, you need to beat in the head, and not put blocks. And the head was not identified correctly.

            What is a state? This is a social device that controls its legislative function. If such a device brings social progress, then the state with its social system is correct.

            What is the UN? This is a United Nations organization. Its function? Controlling their legislation in creating universal security.

            What is the international financial system. System of finance and international payments. Does this system affect internal government relations? It affects. Does this system affect interstate relations? Of course.

            Is the UN Monetary System Subordinate? No.

            Does this system obey one of the states? No.

            From the point of view of the UN, the international system is an illegal gang formation.

            That's the whole story.

            Now about leadership.

            Russia has taken the lead in the international security system. The closest example.

            Syria. Do you see a month of fighting in Syria? Why only recently began to destroy the oil-producing infrastructure?

            Answer. Those behind it violated the unspoken agreement. Do not touch Russia.

            Who is behind the financing of the ISIS project? The answer is obvious.

            So the work is underway.
            1. trantor
              trantor 21 November 2015 16: 33
              0
              Quote: gladcu2
              Syria. Do you see a month of fighting in Syria? Why only recently began to destroy the oil-producing infrastructure?

              Answer. Those behind it violated the unspoken agreement. Do not touch Russia.

              A very superficial conclusion, or an unsuccessful example. But I agree with the rest.
    2. oldseaman1957
      oldseaman1957 20 November 2015 06: 33
      0
      Quote: Angro Magno
      ... the result will certainly be, but not in our lifetimes.

      Somehow, everything is pessimistic ... After our life, communism may come, but it’s necessary to control the crazy ones soon!
    3. aba
      aba 20 November 2015 08: 10
      0
      But we must understand that this process is extremely long.

      And dear! And who will pay for this process ?! West?! Hardly..
  2. Vladimir71
    Vladimir71 20 November 2015 05: 44
    +2
    The best methods of combating terrorism are, firstly, the death penalty, secondly, the seizure of property, and thirdly, open information about the place of residence of terrorist relatives.
    1. Angro Magno
      Angro Magno 20 November 2015 05: 53
      0
      Open information, say? I read how one journalist during an interview with a suicide bomber witnessed a phone call from Saudi Arabia congratulating the proud father for his daughter.
      So we found out his address. So what? The attack has already taken place. And he became a hero in the eyes of his compatriots.
      Another thing is collective responsibility. But up to this stage, society still has to grow and become embittered.
      1. V.ic
        V.ic 20 November 2015 06: 17
        +2
        Quote: Angro Magno
        Another thing is collective responsibility.

        The great Genghis Khan very simply solved this problem: up to the seventh knee of ALL who are standing above the cart axis (standing). Who are less than the specified size, those in foster care. So the main thing = education!
        1. Angro Magno
          Angro Magno 20 November 2015 06: 21
          0
          So am I about that. But for this, our society must be hardened to the last extreme.
    2. oldseaman1957
      oldseaman1957 20 November 2015 06: 23
      0
      Quote: Vladimir71
      The best methods of combating terrorism are, firstly, the death penalty, secondly, the seizure of property, and thirdly, open information about the place of residence of terrorist relatives.

      - Or maybe you should start with sorting right away?
    3. aba
      aba 20 November 2015 08: 24
      +1
      Best Counterterrorism Methods First

      It’s even simpler to cut off financing, but this is primarily not beneficial for those who control financial flows. So while anyone sees their financial gain, we have a fight against the shadow.
  3. Sasha75
    Sasha75 20 November 2015 05: 45
    +2
    With the main terrorists something like this.
    1. Angro Magno
      Angro Magno 20 November 2015 05: 55
      +1
      Overshot, however. In this place in the Pentagon there is a hookah smoker and a shawarma shop. And the main contingent is from the side where the AM parking lot is full.
      1. magician
        magician 20 November 2015 06: 17
        0
        ok, just need a series of large-caliber concrete slaughter and the blast circuit would be different.)))
    2. gladcu2
      gladcu2 20 November 2015 19: 22
      -1
      Sasha75

      You did not correctly determine the point of application of effort.

      The fact that you slipped, as obvious, is not at all what you need to notice.

      Watering America is a fight with windmills. And you need to plug that hole from where the wind blows.

      So learn the materiel. And knowledge will come to you.
  4. venaya
    venaya 20 November 2015 05: 47
    +2
    The fight against terrorism? But is it possible. As long as there are forces in the world that are interested in this phenomenon, all types of struggles can be considered inefficient and extremely costly, not to mention the fact that the practice of such a struggle greatly limits the freedoms of citizens. I do not think that terrorism is a phenomenon of today, this issue has been on the agenda for centuries. One of the methods of struggle can be non-dissemination of information about terrorist acts, which by the way is often used earlier and quite effectively.
  5. SAM 5
    SAM 5 20 November 2015 05: 53
    0
    Pandora's box is open, and it will be very difficult to close it (if even impossible). Especially when there is no joint clear plan to counter global evil.
  6. dchegrinec
    dchegrinec 20 November 2015 05: 56
    0
    It is important for each group of terrorists to pick up their favorite weapon for elimination! For example, ISIS terrorists loved our Pinocchio and Solntsepeki very much for their hot character! Therefore, do not deprive them of such indescribable pleasure! But seriously, modern communication capabilities are beginning to play a cruel joke. The terrorists began to communicate very well with each other! Of course, you won’t eliminate all the funds because of them, but you need to introduce a rule under which all commercial news of communication tools should be immediately provided with means of control and counteraction for special services. Otherwise, the security agencies will be catching up, which is not acceptable in a modern stop. prone to terrorist attacks, it is necessary to create more serious structures that monitor the entire information broadcast. It turns out, if not invented selectivity, then total surveillance. At least for the regions.
    1. Angro Magno
      Angro Magno 20 November 2015 06: 06
      0
      Who will be watching? Mobilize sofa troops? Or take students for a part-time job, as in call centers? And the knowledge of the languages ​​of potential terrorists? Or hire the Kyrgyz to monitor the Kyrgyz, and the Uzbeks to the Uzbeks?
      You can not imagine the scope and complexity of the personnel problem with total surveillance.
      1. afdjhbn67
        afdjhbn67 20 November 2015 07: 09
        0
        Quote: Angro Magno
        to hire the Kyrgyz to monitor the Kyrgyz, and the Uzbeks to the Uzbeks?

        Do you think in closed diasporas, are special services acting differently? Without agent lighting, a penny is the price to everything ..
        1. Angro Magno
          Angro Magno 20 November 2015 07: 20
          0
          Agents are one thing, and the spam filter is a completely different task.
      2. gladcu2
        gladcu2 20 November 2015 19: 29
        0
        Angro Magno

        Who cares how Olan and his comrades staged a show to protect their citizens. Do not get caught on cheaper.

        Serious people are busy with serious business. They even scored to go to Thailand to participate in the party.

        Sit and watch. Learn to mature in the root.
        1. Angro Magno
          Angro Magno 20 November 2015 19: 57
          0
          Understood nothing.
  7. Just BB
    Just BB 20 November 2015 05: 58
    0
    And this disease arose due to the impasse of socio-political development in most Muslim countries. The authorities of these countries cannot offer the population freedom, social elevators, the right to development, the necessary set of values, modernization, and often an elementary basic level of economic well-being. Moreover, they even deprive people of the hope that these regimes will transform over time. As a result, people do not feel they are involved in their national-state projects, and are looking for other forms of ownership, as well as other projects that can bring purpose and justice to their lives.


    "Te zha vu!" - somewhere I've already seen it sad
  8. Mikhail m
    Mikhail m 20 November 2015 06: 10
    +1
    And this disease arose due to the impasse of socio-political development in most Muslim countries. The authorities of these countries cannot offer the population freedom, social elevators, the right to development, the necessary set of values, modernization, and often an elementary basic level of economic well-being.

    And the West can offer all this to immigrants from Muslim countries? Where, then, do ghettos come from in European cities, where Europeans don’t go to hell?
    The main thing in the fight against terrorism is the deprivation of the financial and economic base. But many states that use terrorists for their own purposes will not go for it. So we need to prepare for new attacks.
  9. Signaller
    Signaller 20 November 2015 06: 18
    +2
    Yes, you can recall the struggle against the Basmachism in our, then, republics. After all, they overcame. As they say, and "wash and roll." They increased the literacy of the population, severely suppressed dissent, clannishness and generously endowed normal people. Yes, where necessary by purely economic methods, and where necessary, and with a firm hand, put things in order. you just have to study it thoroughly. After all, only a few decades have passed (the last performances, in my opinion, were canceled in 1936). Many old people still remember. Personal opinion, I do not insist.
    1. srha
      srha 20 November 2015 08: 12
      +2
      The Basmachi were defeated several times, finished off and eradicated, but could not suppress. Only in 1942 did the organized movement of the Basmachi disappear, after the "Englishwoman", frightened to remain alone in Europe against Nazi Germany, was forced to enter into allied agreements with the USSR and stop the operation to initiate and support the Basmachi. I repeat, Basmachi disappeared only when one of the main conditions of its existence - "sponsors" - disappeared.
      The conditions and methods you listed were also there, but auxiliary, in and of themselves, they lead to corruption, robbery and uprisings.
  10. Al_oriso
    Al_oriso 20 November 2015 06: 21
    0
    Now, if all sorts of overseas warders did not climb into the Middle East, then no one would need terrorist acts. They lit up a snake that had been established for centuries. Set some on others, the second on the third, etc.
    Now let's solve puzzles or chop the Gordian knot, as already suggested, by carpet bombing.
    How much torment was there with little Chechnya alone? And here - Qatar, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Turkey ...
    A big mess is expected.
  11. pvv113
    pvv113 20 November 2015 06: 58
    +2
    The USA is the main source and cause of terrorism around the world.
  12. mamont5
    mamont5 20 November 2015 07: 39
    +1
    Quote: Vladimir71
    The best methods of combating terrorism are, firstly, the death penalty, secondly, the seizure of property, and thirdly, open information about the place of residence of terrorist relatives.

    The best methods of fighting terrorism were shown, at one time, by De Gaulle, whose secret services completely destroyed the terrorist organization of the professional military (OAS). They completely stuffed the entire network of militants with their agents and knew about all their actions even at the stage of plans. Also the pursuit of terrorists anywhere in the world. Well, the old "like the world" - "divide and rule", which was successfully demonstrated by the GDP in Chechnya.
  13. Stinger
    Stinger 20 November 2015 07: 56
    0
    And hoping that over time, Western partners will approach this dialogue more responsibly.

    You are in vain. Until the loot begins to lose, no one will move a finger, not like brains. Values ​​at the crossing do not change.
  14. martin-159
    martin-159 20 November 2015 08: 30
    0
    Also the prosecution of terrorists anywhere in the world.
    And the abolition of the moratorium on the death penalty, which the west imposed on us.
  15. srha
    srha 20 November 2015 08: 34
    0
    "This disease arose because of the dead end of socio-political development in most Muslim countries" - an article with too short memory and ambitious conclusions. For example, breakvik, well, does not fit into the scheme of "socio-political development in most Muslim countries."

    Actually, I consider the main condition for the socio-political influence of terrorism - and hence its existence - the media. Roughly speaking, while a conditional Sabir kills a conditional Barak - this is criminality, and it makes no difference that she is implicated in ideology and organized. And as soon as they trumpeted the world, i.e. broadcast a wave of fear, hatred and excitement to millions - terrorism.
  16. Neophyte
    Neophyte 20 November 2015 08: 56
    +1
    The EU is afraid to ban or reduce benefits for "refugees" (the main leitmotif for
    migrants). Making them work and adapt to European life is useless, since the mentality of the peoples of Gogi and Magogi is fundamentally different from the European? A Kosovo-typical example of a predatory Islamic animal in the center of Europe, and such enclaves of the Muslim world are full! Radical religion and medieval traditions are encouraged by spiritual centers: Saudi Arabia and Qatar.
  17. roskot
    roskot 20 November 2015 10: 06
    0
    See the root. The root is money. So it’s not so simple.
  18. Oprichnik
    Oprichnik 20 November 2015 10: 38
    0
    Terror is not revenge. This is a war, forcing someone to the so-called. "correct" actions. This kind of pressure is impossible without financial sponsors.
    Having destroyed the ter.cell, we will not reach the goal. Although I agree, we need the death penalty, confiscation, exile of all relatives and "offspring." The EU, OSCE and the like will not agree to this. Why? asked.
    Yes, because the task of such organizations is to establish a satanic regime in the world, to divide society, chip people, make them an obedient cattle and establish power over the elect world. This is a separate issue.
    So it turns out that so far nothing will work out. It is necessary to change the basis, the social vector of human development. Easy to say, yes !?
    So, all that remains is to shoot the performers, and keep everyone else under a cap. All life is a game ...
  19. dmb
    dmb 20 November 2015 10: 55
    0
    The author writes a lot and beautifully that the main cause of terrorism is social inequality. At the same time, proposals for its elimination are "as dark as water in a cloud." Who, and how will evolutionarily re-educate the satraps, really Putin with Sechin and Gref? So it seems like they themselves need to be re-educated in terms of social inequality. And this is hardly possible. It is worth turning to our relatively recent past, it is better not to talk about terrorism in the USSR, because before the beginning of publicity, this phenomenon did not actually exist. Isolated cases. By the way, it was not in the world at the current scale. Most of the terror was not directed at citizens. but on the leaders. By destroying the Soviet state, our and not our bourgeoisie upset the world balance, and now we are reaping the benefits. And we will reap them, despite the strategic aviation and the ability to fire a missile at Syria from the Caspian Sea. From a technical point of view and from the point of view of combat training, this is very good, but it is absolutely unpromising for the elimination of terrorism as a phenomenon.
  20. clown
    clown 20 November 2015 11: 23
    0
    Although I agree, the death penalty, confiscation, links of all relatives and "offspring" are needed. A fighter against terrorists.)))
  21. Nyrobsky
    Nyrobsky 20 November 2015 11: 31
    0
    Quote: venaya
    The fight against terrorism? But is it possible. As long as there are forces in the world that are interested in this phenomenon, all types of struggles can be considered inefficient and extremely costly, not to mention the fact that the practice of such a struggle greatly limits the freedoms of citizens. I do not think that terrorism is a phenomenon of today, this issue has been on the agenda for centuries. One of the methods of struggle can be non-dissemination of information about terrorist acts, which by the way is often used earlier and quite effectively.

    Possible.
    One of the principles is the inevitability of punishment.
    If, during the investigation of a particular t / act, the trail leads to the customer and the sponsor - for example, to S. Arabia - you will receive 20-30 missiles for oil fields and military facilities, if to Qatar, then according to the same scheme - get it, sign. Destruction of the home of the performer and his family, as the Israelis do. The fact that in this case the "innocent" may suffer should not be stopped by the principle of retribution - "an eye for an eye".
    The second of the principles is the consciousness and vigilance of the citizens themselves. There is a category of people who for a small fee rents apartments, houses, summer cottages, even bearded, even bald devil, if only they pay, and then these "tenants" blow up houses and kill innocent citizens. Citizens for their safety should not completely rely only on special services, but should also assist them. As in the case of one of the last prevented terrorist attacks in Moscow, a woman heard on the staircase how one of the neighboring "tenants" uttered the word detonator.
    This is not squealing - it is participating in the prevention of t / act and saving someone’s lives.
  22. Aitvaras
    Aitvaras 20 November 2015 13: 53
    0
    I think that terrorism is inadequate only by violence. In fascist Germany and in the Stalinist USSR, there was terrorism, that is, attempts on politicians. There were noticeably fewer terrorist attacks, in the Brezhnev Soviet Union and under "Swedish socialism" in Scandinavia. social justice.