Military Review

Europe after November 13: Double Standards as Politics, Practice and Worldview

43
- Why do not you put the flag of France on the avatar?
- No, I will not.

- Why do you refuse?
- I do not want.
- You do not sympathize with the French?
- Sorry.
- Then why?
- I do not want…

Paraphrasing the great Bulgakov, this is exactly how any online dialogue can begin today in the light of recent events. And all this despite the fact that all the same gentlemen, only a couple of weeks ago, proceeded with a malicious delight about the fallen A321. A few days after the crash, they completely doubted the truth of the people's sorrow, screaming about the window dressing, and then began to demand to stop this “theater”.



And all would be nothing if not the tragedy of Paris. Here they showed us how to truly grieve! The physiognomy of the liberals, shiny with permissiveness, began to be covered by the French tricolor, like a forest of mushrooms after the rain. And it all looked more than ambiguous. For example, on the avatar of a young lady Larina, Larina herself was wearing a flag for the mourning flag for those days, whether with a smile or a fly in her mouth.

Europe after November 13: Double Standards as Politics, Practice and Worldview




Well, damn it with them! As they say, what to expect? Who feeds a girl, he dances her. However, the neighboring countries decided to show how to grieve correctly. For Europeans, we grieve, not for Asians, indeed. The farthest away in this went our "nebrat". They did not have time to cool the keyboard from the boundless joy of Ukrainians for the "success" of ISIL in Syria, and the bodies on the streets of Paris did not even cool down, as hundreds of Ukrainian mourners, as if on cue, were armed with mourning faces and flags and rushed to remind of their existence. And since “Pray for Paris” did not exist yet, the mourners, having looked through the old manuals, declared themselves “I am Paris”, which was only the beginning ...



The entire Ukrainian grid was covered with eiffel towers like the face of a youngster with acne. The epidemic of solidarity with Europe has reached such proportions that even the most democratic gourmet of all times and peoples had to stop it. Surprisingly, the freedom-loving Ukrainians showed miracles of humility, and the French flags disappeared at once, on some sites, along with the pages themselves, on which the Nebratians poured out their grief.



In distant countries, solidarity with Europe turned out to be no less popular, but more creative and technological. Thus, the underground fighter against the system, the artist Banksy, unusually harmoniously, and most importantly, in a timely manner, made graffiti about the tragedy in Paris. Learn, artists, nothing superfluous, concisely, the main thing is on time, it’s not a scrotum to pin to you.



By the way, about manufacturability. In contrast to the "ostentatious" compatriots who, by virtue of their skills, each showed solidarity with the families of those who died in А321, Mark Zuckerberg pinned a Facebook feature for Europeans who mourn for Facebook, which automatically paints your avatar in France tricolor. It's cute, it's comfortable! Now the man in the street does not just kill time with meaningless chatter, but commits neither more nor less humane compassionate act. Yes, and T-shirt "from Banksy" you can buy.

The media, which instantly stated that from now on we were all a bit French, did not lag behind. Which in itself is strange, since no one has ever offered me a Syrian, Iraqi or Libyan person personally. Even after the A321 disaster was recognized as a terrorist attack. I didn’t notice graffiti either, and I didn’t see any flag buttons. There were cartoons, a lot of caricatures ...

It was crowned with all the loud statement of global unity. You believe it, right? Are you so cynical? Unity after the terrorist attacks in Paris exists only in the mouths of politicians. In fact, the statement of fact: we are all equal, but someone is "more equal". The German satirist Volker Pispers spoke figuratively and precisely about this: “Americans are an orchid among people, we are Europeans — we are daisies, the rest are just a weed, forget about them.”

What was that? All this?

Tragedy, of course. This is followed by grief, not as a reaction, but literally as the main sign of belonging to the human race. Later, there is a need for a fair punishment of the perpetrators. And finally, the minimum guarantee that this does not happen again.

And if the latter is practically impracticable in modern realities, the rest is completely. Did the Parisians get it? Not! They could not get it in principle. And the funny thing is that they did not notice. The great hypocrisy of the century and the existing system, entrenched in the minds of the inhabitant. The greatest betrayal of the blood of the Parisians is by their own powers.

No conspiracy theories. Bare facts. Before putting on a mournful physiognomy once again, Hollande didn’t lead by ear, when the whole West flirted with terror. He was divided into moderate and unlimited, sometimes confusing, to whom did he weapon horrible. Spreading the Libyan quarters into pieces, France could not even think that these ungrateful people, rushing about among the ruins, would come to them. And these ungrateful (here are scoundrels!) Possess military skills and for some reason are angry at them.



Why go so far? Did the Maidan boys, who set fire to the buildings, killed the staff and seized the institutions, were somehow different from the terrorists? Oh, I forgot, they are for democracy. Then why, when the lads decided to patch themselves up for free in the European hospitals, at their sight, European pens began to automatically look for an aspen stake and a crucifix? But even then, the West applauded them, looking for something uncovered in rust at the cekhgauz.

Flirting with terror, simultaneously satisfying mercantile interests and diverting threats from their chamomile field, Europe fell into such a rage that it did not notice, like some dark-skinned boy had already whistled the keys to the apartment. Well, do not explain to every suicidal kid with free automatic weapons, that there are enemies, and there are enemies. But we will kill those later. When? Well, later, leave me alone, rifles brought up ...



But now everything has changed! After all this! Not a drop. It is too tempting to have let insane, but efficient guys without the need to pay social benefits, respect human rights norms (who only invented them - you simply do not have time when you bomb two or three countries at once), without need to inform this ever-interested public and even more needlessly again howl about battered western values.

So why all this informational hype, the meltdown of politicians on the screen, shaking their fists at the public and letting in a mean tears? In addition to satisfying sporadic attacks of narcissism and desperate attempts to patch up a faded reputation, with a sauce of belligerently mourning motifs and loud speech turns, there is a main task. Namely - to drown the population in tears and grief to the extent that the wall electorate truly believes that it lives in a fateful era of change and trial. And now, when the whole "world has come together", questions about the old and so much-loved cannibal practice of feeding scum will simply become irrelevant. Well, who in such an awkward moment dares to remind of this without false grief?

From this, the rhetoric in the media is full of journalistic clichés, such as “we will never be the same again,” “the world has changed” ... USA image of a sufferer and a fighter against terror. Well, so that fun games don't confuse the public.

What about Russia? Why are these loud statements about the international antiterrorism committee and participation in summits? Why do our media so actively promote this stupid idea that the West has changed and recognized Russia's approach to the problem as constructive? In fact, all this is the acrobatics of the domestic bear, which for more than a decade has been playing poker in a pit with snakes, and these creatures are shamelessly cheating all the time.

The only thing that needs to be clearly known is that the reason why the West has led and will continue this practice, and the reason why the Western public has so easily swallowed all this political fuss is the same. Practically at the genetic level, any European or American thinks he is a sacred cow, a supreme being, the crown of the food chain. That is why any good deed on their part sometimes looks condescending, because it passes under the cameras, and is sent exclusively for internal use. Picture to calm the shower of the electorate. Therefore, to wage war with the hands of terrorists, it is so easy for them to replace power with their own hands. After all, will not the highest being, surrounded by the same enlightened ones, suffer a long time with conscience because of a crushed cockroach?

And the electorate of Europe easily believed that now “the world has come together”. How not to rally around the crown of creation! But this is not a problem for them, except a problem for their psychotherapist. This is a problem for us. Only the realization of this is the key to survival. Since any word they give is worth nothing, like a word given to some distant friend from the deaf hinterland.
Author:
43 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 20 November 2015 08: 38
    13
    we are Europeans - we are daisies, the rest is just a weed, forget about them

    The most interesting thing is that chamomile on the field is also a weed. smile
    1. Temples
      Temples 20 November 2015 08: 49
      36
      When a person hangs a piece of paper on himself with the words "I am Paris" or "I am someone else", then first of all he says that he is a VEGETABLE.
      They thought for him and as a repeater he repeats someone's will.
      This is how Europe behaves.
      Demonstrating their "solidarity" and "unity" they only confirm their dependence on the will of the owner.

      People’s anger is not one.
      He is diverse.
      Everyone experiences in his own way.
      You read at least the reaction to the attacks on our country.
      What not in the comments !!!
      But you will not find a single, herd, slogan.

      I think there are people who do not agree with my opinion.
      And that's great! Let the minus! The main thing is not to turn into a herd!
      It's my opinion.
      1. Diana Ilyina
        Diana Ilyina 20 November 2015 09: 21
        16
        Vladimir, you are absolutely right! After each terrorist attack, Western inhabitants come out like rams with the slogans "I *****" and it doesn't matter if you know what is written on your tablet or not! Our reaction is different, we do not grieve demonstratively at the camera, we do not show off, but we remember everything, our memory is long and our arms are too! Who has forgotten, then we can recall the fate of Trotsky and Bandera!
        1. gladcu2
          gladcu2 20 November 2015 20: 30
          0
          Diana Ilyina

          As a Westerner, I will take the liberty to object.

          Understanding the situation in the West is far from uniform. There is a lot of indifference, but there is an active point of view. And the most interesting thing is that this active point of view often and more belongs to people with low incomes. Since high incomes are a constraining factor, speaking out straightforwardly.
      2. Tatyana
        Tatyana 20 November 2015 09: 27
        +2
        Great article. I especially liked the phrase
        Almost at the genetic level, any European or American thinks he is a sacred cow, the highest being, the crown of the food chain.

        Hence the rush always in the world of their pro-Western, pro-American moral value so-called "Universal" FASCISM!

        To author +
      3. The comment was deleted.
    2. CONTROL
      CONTROL 20 November 2015 09: 16
      +1
      Quote: Vladimirets
      The most interesting thing is that chamomile on the field is also a weed. smile

      ... there is also a pharmacy chamomile ... and "dog" - both without petals on flowers ... grass and grass ...
    3. vyinemeynen
      vyinemeynen 20 November 2015 09: 21
      +4
      I agree with the author. This article would be in the central press!
  2. venaya
    venaya 20 November 2015 08: 39
    +2
    Most of all I was pleased with the photo with the inscription: "I am Paris", and I just want to add that you, it was you who even blew up Paris, or at least is guilty of this, although in reality, not only this.
    1. Riv
      Riv 20 November 2015 13: 28
      +1
      Comrade, you do not understand the joke. In fact, it is meant: I f ... well, let it be "seen" Paris. Just one word is thrown out so that the censorship does not find fault.
      But Zuckenberg, hanging French flags on avatars, as if hinting: you will be the same as with the French

      God is not a fraer, he sees everything and will give it to everyone according to his deserts.
  3. Kamchatsky
    Kamchatsky 20 November 2015 08: 40
    +3
    Almost at the genetic level, any European or American imagines himself to be a sacred cow, a higher being, the crown of the food chain.
    This is where all their "exclusivity", double standards work.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 20 November 2015 08: 46
      10
      Quote: Kamchatka
      Almost at the genetic level, any European or American imagines himself to be a sacred cow, a higher being, the crown of the food chain.
      This is where all their "exclusivity", double standards work.

      By the way, in the West there have never been ideas of equality, justice. The most cunning, impudent and nimble is on a horse, the rest are eaten from a garbage can. request So between countries.
    2. SibSlavRus
      SibSlavRus 20 November 2015 09: 22
      +5
      Can Russia and the Russian world stop "throwing pearls in front of pigs" of Western and North American breeds ?!

      The seas of Russian blood for Europe, losses and damages for the sake of the West, OUR HUMANISM, GREATEST, VICTIMS on the altar of TRUE FREEDOM, have not been adequately appreciated and even more so now they are trampled, distorted and humiliated.

      Do we really need them, these "infected" with tolerance on the verge of absurdity?

      Either subjugate European lands to hard Russian influence, or these pro-idiotic formations will still cause us problems. On this continent of Russia, God himself commanded to rule. Without it, there will be no order (this is even scientifically substantiated in geopolitics).

      Westerners and Slavophiles are relevant again?
      Historically (scientifically) substantiated the "comfortable" existence of Russia as an Empire. And it's time for the ideas of EURASISM to develop and take root in real politics.
    3. gladcu2
      gladcu2 20 November 2015 20: 33
      0
      Kamchatsky

      It is Ukrainians who imagine themselves as a sacred cow. But Amer on such things do not care. They have household concerns above political ones.
  4. serg1970
    serg1970 20 November 2015 08: 40
    +4
    Europeans, IMHO, did not understand that this was only the beginning of reckoning for everything that they had been doing for centuries and in the last 15 years in particular. Double standards in their blood make it difficult to see.
  5. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 20 November 2015 08: 41
    +4
    The article is good, I completely agree with the author. The West looks at our tragedies from a high level - this is somewhere in "unpredictable and aggressive" Russia, but not here. But only one has to face the same problem - a global catastrophe, for which we, etc. And there are always singers, there is no need to look for them. Indeed, after the joyful smiles over the crash of our plane, the strained sadness and false solidarity with the French. Therefore, there is no need to hope that the world will finally unite and the united fronts will begin to fight.
  6. Baloo
    Baloo 20 November 2015 08: 42
    +6
    Europe after November 13: Double Standards as Politics, Practice and Worldview
    This is the truth of life and this is not news. Judging by the previous information of the previous month, the tragedy of A231 and in Paris are not the last.
    At our side is an ISIS branch in Banderkraine and there is a sponsor of the same Macington monkeys.
  7. Abakan
    Abakan 20 November 2015 08: 44
    +2
    +100500 well done !!!! author!!
  8. Vladimir71
    Vladimir71 20 November 2015 08: 46
    +2
    If we judge the mourners by the unfortunate Frenchmen and the colors of the French flag on the avatars, it initially seemed that only the Urains from the coils had moved out and there were no hearts of compatriots, too, there were enough sick people (((I feel sorry for the custodians, but there are more of them.
    1. venaya
      venaya 20 November 2015 08: 52
      +2
      Quote: Vladimir71
      But no, among compatriots, there are also enough patients on their heads (((

      Language does not turn to call these geeks compatriots, their real fatherland is somewhere there, beyond the hillock, they cannot even determine exactly where, possibly on Mars.
      1. SibSlavRus
        SibSlavRus 20 November 2015 12: 26
        0
        For such "compatriots" there is even a definition of their concept - cosmopolitans and compradors.
        It’s easier for us - enemies of the people and traitors.

        And they behave so impudently and with impunity because of "authoritative permission."
        If the Law did not prevail over Custom, then such creatures were even afraid to utter thoughts aloud.
  9. Decathlon
    Decathlon 20 November 2015 08: 48
    +6
    "... when the whole" world rallied ""
    I don't know how the whole world is there, for me personally, "my world" ends at Russian customs! But I no longer believe in tearful cries and lamentations, but in cylindrical objects under the wings of our planes. For me, let Europe at least cry and the snot will come out, but we need to do the job! Without regard to tolerance and groundless "supposedly values"! I'm angry today, although Friday, because I got it!
    1. U-96
      U-96 20 November 2015 08: 52
      +1
      Quote: Decathlon
      But I no longer believe in tearful cries and lamentations, but in cylindrical objects under the wings of our planes. For me, let Europe at least weep and snot, but WE need to do business! Without regard to tolerance and unjustified "supposedly values"! I'm angry today, although Friday, because I got it!

      well said.
  10. U-96
    U-96 20 November 2015 08: 48
    +5
    My compatriots who perished terribly over Sinai - this is my grief.
    Events in Paris are just a news line for me. Yes, I sympathize, but I will not tear my hair and wander around with the sign around the embassy.
    I agree with the author - the ostentatious grief of the exalted network hamsters causes nausea. They even forgot how to grieve humanly.
  11. iliitchitch
    iliitchitch 20 November 2015 08: 49
    +1
    They are crazy. And the psychotherapists are their psychos.
  12. Svetoch
    Svetoch 20 November 2015 08: 51
    0
    Thanks to the author. You accurately expressed my thoughts on this subject. I, too, was a little surprised how differently reacted to the same tragedies. But in view of the fact that one tricolor horizontally apparently played a key role. Kh.oh.ly were even outraged fool that (sorry for the pun) they say the Russians are outraged by the small grief of the Ukrainians, although this was not. Double standards as they are.
  13. Wild_grey_wolf
    Wild_grey_wolf 20 November 2015 08: 52
    +3
    These articles should be read to Americans, Europeans for thought. . . if there is anything left to think about.
    1. Vladimir 1964
      Vladimir 1964 20 November 2015 10: 22
      0
      Quote: Wild_Grey_Wolf
      These articles should be read to Americans, Europeans for thought. . .

      For this, Dear namesake, we need a "translation" into comics, for many average Americans this is the main source of information, although Europeans are not lagging behind. yes
  14. solovey
    solovey 20 November 2015 08: 52
    +2
    If you look at the history of the West - then it becomes clear who they are these Europeans !!!
    1. Vladimir 1964
      Vladimir 1964 20 November 2015 10: 23
      0
      Quote: solovey
      If you look at the history of the West - then it becomes clear who they are these Europeans !!!


      Hto ??? belay
      1. U-96
        U-96 20 November 2015 13: 00
        +1
        Quote: solovey
        If you look at the history of the West - then it becomes clear who they are these Europeans !!!

        Quote: Vladimir 1964
        Hto ???

        laughing I doubt that he will answer.
  15. mag nit
    mag nit 20 November 2015 08: 54
    +5
    Window dressing is always disgusting.
  16. megadeth
    megadeth 20 November 2015 09: 04
    +4
    There is an undeclared war against Russia (sanctions, idle talk on the air, etc.), and we are fraternizing with the French, muddying with the debt of Ukraine. People feel sorry for the EU and Ukraine.
  17. scrap123
    scrap123 20 November 2015 09: 11
    +1
    it’s a pity that in our country there have been a lot of show-offs, I hope that someone will come to know when.
  18. Olezhek
    Olezhek 20 November 2015 09: 20
    +2
    Thanks to the author - a very competent article.
    When we are called upon to sympathize with the French, why is it not customary to ask, and they also sympathize with us?
    Some kind of "nipple system". Explosions in Russia are commonplace, explosions in France are a tragedy.
  19. Azitral
    Azitral 20 November 2015 09: 20
    0
    I recalled an eerie example from Russian history. How Russian gendarmes fought against domestic terrorists. They bought some, made them provocateurs, used some against others, but those used gendarmes. Listen, so that people believe me - give it to Governor-General Imyarekov. The games lasted for years and decades, until the special services themselves turned into a "toxic asset" confusing good with evil, not understanding who is who, and therefore completely useless, incapable of anything real. Remember how it ended? Don't you think that the strange paralysis of the West before ISIS is a phenomenon of the same order?
    Cho is a benzo, cho is a benzo.
  20. X Y Z
    X Y Z 20 November 2015 09: 21
    +1
    Excellent article, I fully agree with the author. I can only add that the main thing for us is not to consider ourselves weeds and burn out in ourselves this vile feeling of admiration for the West, its moral and technological "superiority." Pride is always punished for all its criminal acts, for the self-willed "responsibility", for the appropriated right to bomb anyone, the West, sooner or later, will have to answer with its priceless "daisies" and "chrysanthemums", which in the eyes of terrorists are nothing different from "weeds".
  21. scrap123
    scrap123 20 November 2015 09: 22
    0
    Here I look at all this and more and more I begin to believe in all sorts of prophecies, as Europe said in the war and zgi chick Usa
  22. rf xnumx
    rf xnumx 20 November 2015 09: 33
    +8
    Europe after November 13: Double Standards as Politics, Practice and Worldview
    All their standards have one place of origin - Washington! The main thing we know is that there is no faith in the enemies and their accomplices
  23. Zomanus
    Zomanus 20 November 2015 09: 51
    +1
    All right.
    And they immediately announce the extension of sanctions, they immediately begin to bomb Syria,
    it’s like it’s self-defense. Guys, yes in your Paris quarters of this ISIS no less than in Syria, first sort it out. The bombs for you are not from Syria arrived ...
  24. hartlend
    hartlend 20 November 2015 10: 13
    0
    Author for the article plus. Look on YouTube or read George Sidorov Vladimir Avdeev Rasology about genetics and all questions will disappear. You won’t run away from genes.
  25. Kolyan 2
    Kolyan 2 20 November 2015 10: 34
    0
    I feel sorry for people, they have nothing to do with it, but the policies of the Francis and the EU themselves are collecting everything for themselves and there is a contradiction in my brain, people are sorry and the country (in general) is not there, even joyfully (get what they wanted)
  26. Volzhanin
    Volzhanin 20 November 2015 10: 38
    0
    It is interesting to see we in the next 5-20 years at the place of the geyrops, a bloody mess and ruins?
    And in the place of America's radioactive desert?
  27. Stinger
    Stinger 20 November 2015 10: 48
    +1
    Alas, everything is correct. The loudest are those who created the situation for grief. It’s the same as in the front ranks of fighters for morality - libertines. Slime mourners especially grieve if the bosses grieve. And who is holier than the pope so everyone knows. Our liberals drink grief in large glasses, eating oysters, as they are used to in taverns. France after all!
  28. clown
    clown 20 November 2015 11: 10
    0
    Keep up with Russia, no standards.
  29. roskot
    roskot 20 November 2015 11: 18
    +3
    The enemy will be defeated, victory will be ours.
  30. Chulman
    Chulman 20 November 2015 11: 39
    0
    But I never feel sorry for strangers!
  31. bumerang.
    bumerang. 20 November 2015 12: 33
    +3
    I'm not Charlie ... And I’m not a Frenchman.

    But in a simple, human, Russian way

    I am sorry for you, the French people.

    It’s not your fault ...

    ( Collapse )

    I'm not Charlie ... And with a mourning face

    I will not go through the squares in a crowd.

    But know, Paris, today I am with you,

    Although you were sometimes a scoundrel ...


    I'm not Charlie ... Don't wait for the cartoons.

    I’m not going to PR for blood

    Sticking you into a wound with a pencil.

    I hate the "art" of creatures.


    I'm not Charlie ... But I carry flowers

    And light the mournful lamps

    Leaning for a minute at the fence

    And falling out of the usual fuss.


    I'm not Charlie ... I'm a padded jacket a la russe,

    Let it be all I know in French.

    I will write in our, in Russian:

    I am praying for you today, Frenchman ...

    Julia Vityazeva
  32. MATROSKIN-53
    MATROSKIN-53 20 November 2015 12: 49
    0
    Popular sorrow is not ostentatious. We grieve for our citizens who died in a plane crash silently, but sincerely. We have plans for revenge on terrorists who have committed this act in silence, but sincerely. And no one told us # yA321. But they are making sad faces and at each intersection they shout about grief and revenge on terrorists! Selling fraudsters, two-faced artiodactyls!
  33. Alex66
    Alex66 20 November 2015 12: 59
    0
    In the west, we are accustomed to double standards in the fact that from them to take traffickers. And when we have double standards applied to citizens, then you do not remember our leaders with a kind word. And in the second case, it is much more dangerous for the country, because does not allow to unite in the upcoming fight.
  34. Retvizan 8
    Retvizan 8 20 November 2015 13: 40
    +1
    The terrorist attack in Paris openly showed everyone how much the world is divided into people of the first and second grade!
    The ostentatious and pathetic reaction of Europeans and their overseas comrades to the events in France is unpleasant! Again "we were shouting", "we cannot be separated", etc. Impressed by Hollande, who pushed the speech without expressing any emotions on his face (as if talking about something mundane) and ended with the remark, "Hell France" ...
  35. Jackking
    Jackking 20 November 2015 14: 34
    0
    I’m not Paris and not Charlie ... I’m Russian !!!
  36. Fierce73
    Fierce73 20 November 2015 15: 34
    +1
    The hypocrisy of Europe is off scale !!! The French president is planning a trip to Russia to organize a joint fight against terrorists, FORGETTING about the story with the Mistrals, forgetting that, in fact, his country is pursuing a policy of illegal sanctions against Russia! In Russian sayings they say about such people: "Piss in the eyes - God's dew"! He really thinks that the barbarians should forget all this and rush to help the offended patricians!
  37. Born in USSR
    Born in USSR 21 November 2015 06: 56
    0
    Yes Europpe generally do not care about everything. The people feel sorry but nothing more. I feel sorry for my people, no one pity us. And this is just the beginning. Then it will be more fun. They will have their own Chechnya steeper than ours, so let them have fun and we'll see. And God forbid soldiers to help them. Only bombs and rockets. They will not appreciate it, again we will be occupiers, nafig, nafig such happiness. Twice saved them and that in return. And yet it’s time to introduce serious punishments for treason. You don’t need to shoot why, there are also life-threatening industries. And all this elite-type crowd is clowns. I just don’t understand which hangover they decide for the people how to live. As I want, I live.
  38. ser-pov
    ser-pov 22 November 2015 01: 32
    0
    I would say that the article is very liberal ... One-sided