Military Review

Australian Defense Forces

18
The Australian Defense Army is the Australian Armed Forces responsible for the country's defense and security. The Australian army is unique in its kind, as it provides the defense of the whole mainland. The Armed Forces of Australia consist of the Army of Australia, the Royal Navy fleet Australia and the Royal Australian Air Force, which report to a single headquarters. In terms of military spending in 2014, Australia was 13th in the world - 25,4 billion US dollars (data from the Stockholm Peace Research Institute). The armed forces of Australia are the largest in Oceania, but inferior to almost all the armies of Asian countries.


Despite the fact that the Australian Defense Army provides protection for the whole continent, the island of Tasmania and a number of other islands located in the Pacific and Indian oceans, its full strength is relatively small. The number of Australian armed forces today is barely more than 59 thousand people (regular troops), besides this, more than 21 thousand civilian specialists work in the armed forces. There are also approximately 22 thousands of reservists who can join the ranks of the armed forces at any given time. In the ground forces, a little more than 30 of thousands of servicemen serve, in the Air Force and Navy of the country there are almost the same number of soldiers (both there and a little more than 14 thousand people). The Australian Armed Forces are focused on working closely with the United States, giving Americans the right to use roughly 20 facilities located in Australia.

The Commander-in-Chief of the Australian Defense Army is the Governor-General. The general leadership of the country's armed forces is exercised by the Prime Minister, and the direct control is by the Minister of Defense. According to the country's constitution, the recruitment of the armed forces is carried out for hire. All members of the Australian army are contract servicemen. The duration of the contracts is from 3 to 6 years, followed by the extension of the contract for 3 year. The training of officers is carried out in the academy and military command and staff colleges of the Armed Forces, as well as in the higher specialized officers' schools and flight schools. The rank of private in the Australian army can get literally from the street. Sign up a contract can every citizen of Australia. Starting in 1990, contract service in Australia is also available to women. The number of women in the armed forces is constantly growing. According to some data, today every fifth soldier of the Australian army is a woman.



Service in the Australian army is a good option for employment. A lieutenant (4 of service in the navy) can claim a base salary of 64 thousands of Australian dollars a year or more 95 thousands of dollars with all possible surcharges (both amounts before taxes). A sailor in the fleet (2 of service year) can count on the base - on 45 thousands of Australian dollars a year or 69 thousands of dollars with all extra charges (also before taxes). For supplements, for example, include: long service, the cost of clothing and surcharge for sea trips. Also affect the salary: the formation of a contract, his rank and position. At the same time, sailors are allowed to take personal belongings with the army: bicycles, surfboards, musical instruments. During a trip on board the ship, they can play with each other on the console, in maps, chess, read magazines - all in order to brighten up the service.

As in other modern armies of the world, Australian military personnel can count on various benefits: full medical insurance, benefits for the purchase of real estate, additional pension. Each contractor who has served in the Australian armed forces for at least 10 years can count on annual leave of at least three months. Women soldiers are granted leave to care for a child for a week of 52, while for some reason only 14 of the first weeks of vacation is paid.

Australian Ground Forces

Ground forces are the most massive part of the Armed Forces of Australia. They serve a little over 30 thousand people. The army includes the 3 command: the military command (Forces Command), the command of special operations and the headquarters of the 1 division. The headquarters of the 1 division is used only as an operational body of military control when the ground forces of the country perform combat tasks under the overall command of the combined operations. The division has no permanent units subordinate to it.

Australian ASLAV-25 in Afghanistan


Special operations command includes one special regiment aviation services (CAC), two regiments of commandos (one of which is a reserve), the regiment of emergency response. All listed regiments of battalion composition. The regiments of commandos and special aviation services are additionally assigned communication squadrons. In addition, the training center and the squadron of material support for special operations are subordinate to the command.

The Forces Command is subject to the majority of units and formations of the Australian ground forces:
1st mechanized brigade, which includes the headquarters, tank regiment (M1A1 Abrams tanks), armored cavalry regiment (ASLAV-25 armored fighting vehicles), two motorized infantry battalions (M113 armored personnel carriers and Bushmaster armored vehicles), artillery regiment (L105 119-mm howitzers, M155 198-mm howitzers), communications engineering regiment regiment, battalion of combat support.

3-Light Infantry Brigade, which includes in its membership the headquarters, armored cavalry squadron (Bushmaster armored vehicles to carry two infantry companies), two light infantry battalions, parachute battalion, an artillery regiment (105-mm howitzers L119), Signal Regiment, Engineer Regiment, battalion combat support.

The 7 motorized infantry brigade, which includes a headquarters, an armored cavalry regiment (ASLAV-25 armored combat vehicles), two motorized infantry battalions (Bushmaster armored vehicles), an artillery regiment (105-mm howitzer howitzer L119), a communications squadron, an engineer, an engineer, an engineer, an engineer, an engineer, an engineer, an engineer, an engineer, an engineer, an artillery battalion security.

Gunners from the 1 regiment of the Australian artillery take part in combat training in direct fire from the M777 howitzer


The 16 Brigade of Army Aviation (Aviation), which includes a 3 helicopter regiment. The 1 helicopter regiment includes two Tiger squadrons (attack helicopters). 5-th helicopter regiment comprises 3 squadron (one helicopters MRH-90, Sikorsky S-70A-9 Blackhawk and Boeing CH-47D Chinook), 6-th helicopter regiment comprises two squadron: one helicopter Bell 206B1 Kiowa, another - Sikorsky S-70A-9.

The 6 brigade of combat support (command, reconnaissance, surveillance, target designation and reconnaissance), which includes a headquarters, an engineering regiment, an electronic warfare regiment, an reconnaissance artillery regiment, an anti-aircraft regiment, a reconnaissance battalion, three regional observation units in low-populated territories, repair unit, aviation interaction group, training infantry group (in Malaysia).

The 17 14th Logistics Brigade, which includes the headquarters, the communications regiment, the 3 Medical Battalion, the 3 Material Support Battalion, the Military Police Battalion, and one psychological impact unit on the enemy.

The reserve units, which are also part of Forces Command, are subordinate to the headquarters of the 2 division. They include 6 infantry brigades (4-I, 5-I, 8-I, 9-I, 11-I and 13-I) and one 8-i regiment of communication. Each of these reserve infantry brigades organizationally includes a headquarters, from two to four infantry battalions, reconnaissance and logistic and combat support units.

Bushmaster PMV armored vehicle


Given its small size, the Australian ground forces also have stocks of armaments and military equipment that are quite modest by the standards of many modern armies. The main battle tank of the Australian army is M1A1AIM Abrams, all vehicles were supplied from the US armed forces. In total, there are 59 such tanks in Australia; there are no more tanks in service with the Australian army. They are expected to be modernized; it is planned to allocate up to one billion dollars for these purposes.

Other armored vehicles are also represented by samples. weapons American and Canadian production. For example, the ASLAV-25 armored combat vehicle is an Australian version of the Canadian LAV-25 armored combat vehicle, armed with an 25-mm automatic weapon. In total, the Australian army is armed with 257 BBM ASLAV-25 of various versions (CMR, sanitary, etc.). In addition, the 431 American tracked BTR M113 continued to serve in the army, all of which were upgraded to the M113AS3 / AS4 level. In addition, in service is about 840 Australian-made Bushmaster PMV armored personnel carriers, more ordered 200 units. The Bushmaster 4x4 armored wheeled vehicle, developed by ADI, is able to transport up to 10 crew members (including the driver).

Australian artillery is represented by English 105-mm lightweight towed implements to support the infantry L119 (112 pieces), American 155-mm towed howitzers M198 (36 pieces) and US same 155-mm lightweight towed howitzers M777A2 (35 units, even 19 ordered). In addition, there are about 180 pieces of 82 mm F2 mortars. Self-propelled artillery installations in the Australian army is not.

The only means of air defense of the Australian army remains the anti-aircraft missile systems RBS-70 produced by the Swedish company Bofors. In total, there are 45 of such complexes capable of hitting targets at a distance of up to 8 kilometers and an altitude of up to 5 kilometers.

Eurocopter Tiger ARH attack helicopter


Anti-tank weapons are represented by Swedish-made M84 Carl Gustav 3-mm hand-held anti-tank grenade launchers, there are about 577 units. The most advanced are the American ATGM FGM-148 Javelin, all in service are at least 92 of such complexes.

As part of the army aviation is 22 shock European helicopter Eurocopter Tiger ARH (4 assembled in the EU, 18 in Australia). In addition, there are transport helicopters NHI MRH90 produced by the EU, 15 machines are available (a total of 40 helicopters have been ordered), American Boeing CH-6D Chinook helicopters 47, American Sikorsky S-35A-70 Black Hawk. Also available is the Bell OH-9A Kiowa 36 US reconnaissance helicopters.

Royal Australian Navy

The Royal Australian Navy serves about 14 thousands of troops. The main striking force of the fleet are 8 modern Aznak frigates (all built from 1996 to 2006 years), 4 frigates of the Adelaide type (1983-1993 years), which are American URO frigates of the Oliver Hazard Perry type and 6 diesel -Electrical submarines "Collins".

Aznak frigate


The Aznak frigates are a series of frigates built specifically for Australia and New Zealand. This project was jointly created by Australian Marine Engineering and German Blohm und Voss based on the MEKO 200 frigate of the latest popular export project. The Collins diesel-electric submarines were designed in 1987-1989 by the Swedish company Kockums, commissioned by the KWMF of Australia. According to the plans, they will remain in service at least until 2025 of the year.

In the near future, KVMS plans to commission three Hobart class air defense destroyers of its own design (commissioning in 2016, 2017 and 2019). Also, the Australian fleet has recently been supplemented by two Canberra-type amphibious assault ships (UDC) (adopted in the 2014 and 2015 years). The number of submarines in the fleet in the future is planned to increase due to the construction of 12 diesel submarines for the new project, for these purposes it was planned to allocate up to 40 billions of dollars.

Collins-type submarine


Royal Australian Air Force


The Royal Australian Air Force serves about 14 thousands of troops. The main strike force KVVS are American fighter-bombers McDonnell Douglas F / A-18. In total, it is in service with the 54 McDonnell Douglas F / A-18A Hornet and 17 two-seat training and combat vehicles McDonnell Douglas F / A-18B Hornet. All of them were delivered in 1886-1990 years and are currently not in the best condition. Over time, all these machines are planned to be replaced by the X-Numx F-5A Lightning II fighter jets. The Australian military was ready to spend roughly 35 billions of dollars on the purchase of 100 such fighters, the first squadron is scheduled to receive on 10 year.

Against this background, the most modern Australian combat aircraft are the 24 fighter-bomber Boeing F / A-18F + Super Hornet, which were delivered from 2010 to 2012 year. In addition, due to the delayed delivery of the F-35A Lightning II fighter, the KVVS of Australia in December 2012 additionally ordered the F / A-24F + Super Hornet 18 fighter-bomber fighter in the US, of which 12 will be supplied in the EB-EA-18G Growler version of the aircraft.

F / A-18F + Super Hornet Fighter Bomber


In addition, the Australian KVVS has 6 DLRO planes, which are represented by the American Boeing 737 AEW & C. Military transport aviation is represented by X-NUMX aircraft Lockheed C-12J Super Hercules and six Boeing C-130A Globemaster III. There are also Lockheed AP-17C Orion 19 patrol / anti-submarine aircraft.

Information sources:
http://pes76.livejournal.com/4309.html?page=1
http://www.mineaustralia.net/kul/182-vooruzhennye-sily-avstralii.html
http://www.wikiznanie.ru/wikipedia/index.php/Австралия
http://lenta.ru/news/2012/07/12/spend
http://www.yakhnov.ru/australian-defence-force
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  1. egor670
    egor670 16 November 2015 07: 33 New
    +8
    I was delighted with the salary, and it will be easier to defend the "whole" mainland than a country that has many land borders with other states
    1. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 16 November 2015 09: 29 New
      +3
      egor670 "and to defend" the whole "the mainland will be easier."
      And why is there to defend the entire mainland?))) There is also a desert. Their east coast is more or less populated. In the east and southeast, all cities and all industry are concentrated: Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide. The capital is in the same place. There is one city in Perth on the entire west coast. And on the north coast of Darwin. And that’s all. That is, they need to defend the coast where their cities and industry are concentrated. And across the mainland, through the desert, hardly anyone will trample. And if they trample ...))) then it is not a fact that they will reach.))) And if they do, then they will be met.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 16 November 2015 13: 37 New
        +4
        Their problematic northern coast, bordering
        with Indonesia. Indonesia is overpopulated, besides there
        volcanic eruptions that destroy villages are frequent.
        Natives board boats - and to Australia.
        Establish a quiet village. And then prove that
        they did not live there for centuries. Therefore, there must be patrol
        well.

        And so, Australians always act as part of an agreement with America on
        mutual military assistance. And within the framework of the British Commonwealth of Nations.
        In general, they often fight around the world.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Conductor
      Conductor 16 November 2015 10: 24 New
      +3
      Damn, beautiful ...
  2. silver169
    silver169 16 November 2015 09: 36 New
    +8
    A small amendment, the correct name for the frigate is Anzac, which is an abbreviation for the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. So in the First World War the united corps of the Australian and New Zealand troops participating in the hostilities in Egypt and in the battle on the Gallipoli Peninsula were called.
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 16 November 2015 20: 10 New
      0
      - And not only ... I came across a video in Utub: A man dug up a whole collection of emblems and badges of parts of the troops of the British Commonwealth on the Kola Peninsula ... and Australian identities! Presumably, they got there as a collection of one of the German mountain rangers, after the fighting in Crete. Where is Murmansk and where is Adelaide ...
  3. marinier
    marinier 16 November 2015 11: 35 New
    0
    Hello dear!
    Salary? There’s an excuse, they are looking up at the look. But here are what they are zashchitniki. It’s hard 4
    Nibud predolozit. On s4et ligot so it is with all old 4leno NATO so.
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 16 November 2015 19: 40 New
      0
      - "But here are what they are defenders" (C)
      - This is the old grievances in you smile
      - It's all Willem Janz's fault! smile -I did not stake out my discovery for the Netherlands!
  4. mishastich
    mishastich 16 November 2015 12: 01 New
    +5
    I read about the actions of Australians in the fields of world wars and in Vietnam, the army is of a fairly high level. In excessive tolerance and frostbite are not noticed. Collateral level.

    Summing up, we can say that in the event of a conflict in the Asia-Pacific region or in the Indian Ocean region, the West has a reserve.

    Sincerely.
  5. saygon66
    saygon66 16 November 2015 16: 38 New
    0
    - Clockwork guys, these "occi" ... They sit on the very edge of the Earth, but participated in almost all the great wars ... And why. is being asked? smile
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 16 November 2015 16: 48 New
      +4
      - It is worth noting the original camouflage of the Australian army ...
      1. Anatole
        Anatole 16 November 2015 21: 23 New
        0
        kakahi kangaroo? laughing A joke without neglect, it’s just very sloppy, though ...
        1. saygon66
          saygon66 16 November 2015 22: 08 New
          0
          - There is still a color rendition of the monitor can be weird ...
  6. k_ply
    k_ply 16 November 2015 21: 42 New
    +2
    The structural diagram of the Australian army (2012), so more clearly:
    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ad/Australia_Land_Forces_2012.p
    ng

    Royal Australian Air Force

    http://pds25.egloos.com/pds/201503/01/13/World_Air_Forces_2015.pdf
    In addition, there are about 180 pieces of 82-mm F2 mortars.

    82-mm - a typo of course, the caliber of our mortars 2B14 "Tray" and 2B9 "Cornflower", F2 - nat. designation of the 81 mm English mortar of the L16 series (M252, USA).
    Quote: saygon66
    ... original camouflage of the australian army ...

    I’ll add that since 2010 they are switching to MultiCam.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weaponry_of_the_Australian_Army#Combat_uniform_of_
    the_Australian_Army
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 16 November 2015 22: 15 New
      0
      - So they and cartoons are peculiar ... And it is not clear why, the Americans seem to have abandoned it in favor of Scorpio.
  7. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 16 November 2015 22: 13 New
    0
    Australians can only be envied - they defend 7,7 MILLION sq. Km. territories with 30 THOUSAND. soldiers. We have in Bulgaria at 111 thousand sq. Km. - 25 thousand soldiers and 50 thousand policemen. True, our aviation and navy are worse than Australian ones.

    It’s all the same to defend all of Russia with 60 thousand soldiers and officers, from drivers, musicians and cooks to generals.
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 16 November 2015 22: 19 New
      +1
      - They could do with air defense and coastal defense ...
  8. Pissarro
    Pissarro 17 November 2015 00: 19 New
    -1
    The army is smaller than the Belarussian army, the decorative fleet and the Air Force can only be used to help the mattresses in the next campaign. The lack of a prepared reserve. The obvious hope for defense in the USA is shorter. ) and prepared mobility reserve
  9. wicked pinnochio
    wicked pinnochio 17 November 2015 18: 41 New
    -1
    Kungur does not know how to fight
  10. RUSLAN
    RUSLAN 29 November 2015 04: 51 New
    +1
    and one detachment of psychological impact on the enemy. INTERESTING MOMENT!