This parish was preceded by a series of events. 27 March 1953 was granted an amnesty for prisoners whose term of imprisonment did not exceed five years. Liberals write that more than 1 million people were released from prison. But this data causes mistrust, since throughout the USSR on 1 January 1953, the camps contained 1 727 970 prisoners.
What is the purpose of the criminals released? No doubt for the purpose of intimidating the people. The fact that the released criminals will rob, beat and even kill the working citizens of the country and their children did not bother the new government. These were the first government actions contradicting the traditions and essence of the Soviet state. And as they say, three people had real power in the country at that time: G. M. Malenkov, L. P. Beria, and N. S. Khrushchev. They decided to use criminals in the political struggle. Stalin never allowed himself to do that. His authority and authority rested on the working people.
S. G. Kara-Murza writes about the amnesty as follows: “At the beginning of the summer of 1953, Moscow was filled with criminals of all ages. It was an amnesty, about which they wrote a lot and even made a movie. It is evident that, apart from the amnesty, there was some kind of sign, because the behavior of these people has changed dramatically. They gave battle to society - cautious, but open. Rumors, of course, exaggerated everything, but many terrible cases were told ... The slopes of the Lenin Hills were filled with strange people. They sat in clusters around fires, cooked something, played cards, and had a teenager with them. They were freed under an amnesty, surging toward Moscow ... In the fall, military patrols began to walk around Moscow — a pair of soldiers with bayonets on their belts. Inspected the back streets carefully, were on the lookout. Immediately, the situation returned to normal, but the sediment in people remained. Previously, it seemed that such failures in our state machine can not be.
By the way, in 1990, when law enforcement bodies in the big cities were dispersed by the democratic press and a rapid increase in crime began, the government attempted to patrol the streets of the military with the police. A terrible scream rose, they were almost talking about military dictatorship. And most importantly, this cry found a wide response from the townspeople. It made a very heavy impression - as if people had suddenly lost their common sense. ”
The second event was the appointment of G.K. Zhukov First Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR. Under Stalin, Zhukov was dismissed from the highest echelons of power, as he had violated the law on the export of values from Germany. I think that the departure of G.K. Zhukov from Moscow saved him from court and allowed I.V. Stalin to declare that Zhukov had already been punished. Therefore, Zhukov was not judged, as, for example, under Stalin, they were tried for the same illegal actions of the People's Commissar aviation industry A.I. Shakhurin. In my opinion, the desire for enrichment at the expense of defeated Germany that appeared after the end of the war came to a certain extent due to the behavior of their families, who were waiting for rich trophies. There was no point in “pushing” Zhukov for Stalin, since he himself contributed to the rise of the latter and, no matter what, after the war did not allow the glory of G.K. Zhukov to be debunked.
But the biggest event that affected the worst for all the further development of the country was the murder of L. P. Beria. I am writing a murder because I share the opinion of the researchers, who quite reasonably prove the absence of the fact of the arrest of L. P. Beria and the trial of him. When L.P. Beria was allegedly tried, he was no longer alive.
LP Beria brought a lot of benefits to the Soviet state and people. Before the war, he secured the triumph of the law over clan interests, began to bring false informers to justice, which sharply reduced the number of denunciations to the NKVD.
Beria contributed to the formation of our intelligence service during the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945, organizing the dismantling and removal of industrial enterprises to the East of the country, ensuring a quiet life for home front workers, returning to the army in 1941 a year more than a million soldiers and officers who fell behind during retreat from their units. out of encirclement, fleeing from German captivity. Moreover, out of these categories of military, less than 4% was detained, and 96% were sent to the ranks of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army (Red Army) to continue their military service.
In the troops of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD) during the war, as well as in the army, there were people from the people who deserve to be erected monuments, as well as to the heroes of our army. And the image of the servicemen of the NKVD structures, which was one of the first writers created by K. Simonov in the novel “The Living and the Dead”, is in many ways not true.
The NKVD officers fought on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War, laid their lives on the altar of victory, obtained intelligence, opposed the German special services with military counterintelligence, ensured order in the cities infested with German agents, liberated by Soviet troops in cities, fought in our rear with German agents, saboteurs and wrestling troops, fighting for the Soviet troops, fighting for the enemy forces, saboteurs and Soviet troops, fighting for the rear of the army, fighting for the saboteurs, liberated by the Soviet troops, fighting with the German agents, saboteurs and wrestling troops, fighting for the Soviet forces, fighting with German agents, saboteurs and wrestling cities, fighting for troops, fighting with German agents, saboteurs and wrestling troops, fighting with the German armies, saboteurs and Soviet troops, fighting with our agents, fighting men and fighting men. while war criminals, as well as committed thousands of other very important for the security of the country affairs. In my opinion, without the activities of the NKVD, victory in the war would have cost us considerably greater losses or it would have been impossible at all.
L.P. Beria contributed no less to the victory over Germany and her allies than our illustrious commanders and leaders of industries.
During the war, L. P. Beria entered the State Defense Committee (GKO). As deputy chief commander for operational issues, he dealt with a host of different complex tasks the country needs, including transportation and the production of certain types weapons.
Since 1946, L. P. Beria has served as Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers. How he coped with his duties on the main issues of creating new weapons, the reader can judge by the articles describing the creation of the atomic bomb and intercontinental ballistic missiles.
“And the thought involuntarily suggests itself: if Beria had not aspired to be creators, if he had remained at the head of the special services, then probably the USSR would have an atomic and hydrogen bomb on 5 later, probably, and Y. Gagarin would have flown into space on 5 “10 years later, but the USSR would have survived, and, most importantly, its movement towards communism would have survived,” writes Yu. I. Mukhin.
During the 7 years from 1946 to 1953, L. P. Beria didn’t actually manage the state security and internal affairs services, and it would be wrong to talk about his omnipotence in the struggle for power.
Beria attributed a lot of negative initiatives in terms of the national interests of the USSR. For example, the unification of Germany. In fact, on the contrary, Beria was well aware that the unification of Germany, or rather the transfer of the Eastern part of Germany to the West, reduced the security of the Soviet Union by an order of magnitude. The state official L. P. Beria, who devoted his whole life to ensuring the security of the Soviet Union, could not come out with such initiatives.
The presence in Eastern Europe allowed the USSR, in the attack on our country, to shoot down enemy planes and missiles over foreign territory, to engage in combat with the enemy without allowing it to its land, thereby ensuring the security of the peoples of the Soviet Union.
About Beria hundreds of myths are written, and all of them pursue the goal of discrediting him. They write that he freed Jews from prison because he was Jewish by nationality. About Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev and other fiery revolutionaries who fought Russian communism, they do not write that they were Jews by nationality, but they write about Beria, thus hinting at the alien interests of Russia for him.
I didn’t meet exact information about Beria’s nationality, but I know that he proved himself as a patriot and statist and I am sure that under his rule the welfare of the people and the power of the country would grow much faster than under N. S. Khrushchev. The main thing is that the connection between generations would not be interrupted and the greatest and fateful time in stories Russian state called the USSR.
Yu. Mukhin argues that L. P. Beria was killed long before the trial at that time by Major-General P. F. Batitsky and his accomplice, in those years by N. S. Khrushchev's friend, Col.-General K. S. Moskalenko.
Under the rule of J. V. Stalin, the leadership of the country did not allow and did not commit assassinations of members of the government. In particular, this is why L. P. Beria was defeated in the fight against N. S. Khrushchev. Beria did not expect a treacherous murder from the corner.
With the help of the media, the majority of the country's citizens were inspired about Beria and the events of those days with a completely different opinion. But most of the facts indicate that L. Beria was already killed at the time of the July 1953 plenum of the CPSU Central Committee.