Trends in the development of modern means of destruction suggest that in front of us are waiting for the war, not only engines, but also robots. Let us try to formulate the basic principles of construction and methods of applying the remote-cybernetic weapons (ATP).
The ATP is understood mainly as means of destruction (SP), the capabilities and level of characteristics of which are largely determined by the use of the latest technologies. At the same time, the key tasks remain to create a wide range of small-sized and highly sensitive sensors that work on various physical principles and use elements of artificial intelligence in processing and analyzing measurements along with mathematical methods.
In combat robots, intellectualized tools and subsystems are added to the main components of traditional joint ventures, ensuring the implementation of a number of functions on adaptive behavior in the target area. These include additional exploration and object recognition, searching for the most vulnerable parts, bypassing counteraction zones and obstacles, making decisions to undermine the charge, etc. All this is ultimately aimed at improving the efficiency and reliability of defeating ammunition (primarily in standard equipment) less power. In the future, the platform designs of such robots should provide the latter with the ability, depending on the destination, to fly, move on the surface of the earth, or float in the surface and submerged positions.
ATP is a weapon with new functional combat qualities. The principles of its construction are based on the synergistic use of scientific and technical solutions, elements of artificial intelligence, measuring and information technologies of a wide range. JV ATPs can be delivered to the required area by various kinds of carriers for small, medium and long ranges, be multifunctional, and also highly effective in solving even difficult tasks.
Combat units (BB) of a ballistic type, which are equipped with domestic strategic missiles, are capable of effectively hitting mainly stationary objects with precisely known coordinates (mine launchers, military bases, cities, etc.). On the flight path, such BBs are always in the field of view of the counteraction systems, and when entering the range of fire weapons are hit with a very high probability. On the way to the target, a BB of a ballistic type in general must overcome up to seven potential interception lines. In this regard, such BBs will not destroy the potential of the potential enemy completely. The fact is that, for example, the United States has more than 80 percent of this potential on the mobile base (submarines, airplanes, warships), and the coordinates of these targets will be known at best to the location area. Many objects are located in places closed along ballistic approach trajectories (opposite mountain slopes, canyons, etc.). Thus, depriving an adversary of its nuclear potential can be extremely difficult. Even missiles in mine launchers are unlikely to be able to hit, as they will leave first. In essence, only large cities and stationary objects (military bases, arsenals, hydroelectric stations, etc.) remain under the gun. Of course, even this situation is unacceptable for the enemy, despite the fact that with his sudden aggression - a nuclear or disarming strike by conventional means, we will be deprived of the opportunity to cause unacceptable return damage in full.
According to modern concepts, hostilities should allow the destruction of the enemy’s strategic weapons, its most important military and civilian objects remotely and using only non-nuclear weapons, from their own territory. With the help of a ballistic type of BB, such tasks become impossible if the number of domestic BBs sharply decreases (in accordance with the START-2 and START-3) and the missile and air defense systems of potential adversaries will be strengthened.
The way out can be the creation and use of winged combat units (KBB), which have extremely high accuracy of penetration, are able to reconnoiter and hit strategic targets with unknown coordinates in advance, as well as bypassing the missile defense and air defense systems and, in addition, Destroy objects closed along the ballistic approach trajectories. Of course, this does not exclude the possible opposition of the enemy.
KBB consists of a heat shield (TZK), in the form of a close to the traditional, inside of which is a winged combat subunit (KBSB) with folded wings. CBB in the general case should be equipped with a nuclear or ordinary charge; a propulsion system (for example, an air-jet engine with a certain amount of fuel); inertial control system in combination with GLONASS and relief correction subsystems, optical and radar terrain maps; a complex of terminal homing according to radiation and a system for supplementary exploration of targets for anomalies created against the background of the underlying surface. KBB can be made in monoblock form or be installed in a split head. There are various versions of KBSB for functional purposes: autonomous-universal, percussion, reconnaissance and information, etc.
A strategic missile is launched, for example, from a stationary or mobile launcher in the direction of a given object with an unknown aiming point for the enemy, located before or away from the firing ranges of countermeasures. With the help of BB steering flaps, they transfer to a horizontal flight at a height of two to three kilometers, after the speed drops to subsonic, they separate the bottom of the fuel filling station and with the help of pyrolusters they remove KBSB, open wings, start the engine and turn on all parts of the control system. KBSB leaves the refueling complex cold and flies at a subsonic speed, so anything that corrects the inertial structure can work. The mentioned correction subsystems use external information in the target area (optical and radar maps of terrain and terrain, magnetic, radiation, chemical, and other anomalies). KBSB is able to fly at low altitude (20 – 30 meters) with rounding of the terrain with high accuracy, as well as approach the object from any direction and out of sight of the means of view. GLONASS, optical and radar correction systems make it possible to achieve control with an accuracy of 10 – 20 meters, of course, if there are well-prepared reference cards in advance, and terminal homing complexes based on radiation or according to the target will provide a direct hit (with an error of no more than three to five meters). The exploration of the target, the coordinates of which are known up to the base area, is carried out by flying along a search trajectory. Strategic objects, even hidden ones, including submarines, give out a large number of unmasking signs against the background of the environment. For example, one or several KBBs can scatter acoustic beacons, and then the submarine will be struck by the waiting (harassing) CBBS with a charge.
In addition, the detection of the submarine contribute to the sensors of its magnetic fields and spurious radio emissions of electrical equipment, as well as electromagnetic survey devices, which allow to detect large metal masses. They can be located on board the KBSB reconnaissance aircraft, be part of the beacon equipment. The functions of the subunit are much broader, as is the set of control subsystems, including those that are engaged in supplementary reconnaissance of targets, recognition and decision-making to defeat them with the use of elements of artificial intelligence.
KBBs are delivered to a predetermined pre-launch area of the descent both in the described manner and with the help of planning supersonic aircraft with low aerodynamic drag, which overcome the main part of the path at considerable heights (20 – 25 or 70 – 80 kilometers). According to the plan, such aircraft will be detected by ground-based missile defense stations at a closer distance from the target, although on such routes they are subject to slight damage by missile defense and air defense systems.
Successors of moon rovers
Winged BBs have very wide functionality in terms of both types of flight paths and types of tasks. This is ensured, on the one hand, due to the aerodynamic characteristics of the airframe scheme, and on the other, as a result of the use of a highly intelligent control system that is able to process information of various physical nature both on the approach to the target and in its immediate vicinity. When creating a KBB in full, all technological advances can be applied to ensure low visibility on the radar screens of counteraction systems. When retrofitting CBB will be able to perform other functions, such as the creation on the distant approaches to our borders, the interception of attacking cruise missiles, airplanes and surface ships. It cannot be ruled out that when a CBB is equipped with the appropriate means of destruction, for example, missiles with thermal homing heads, there is a chance to ensure at a great distance from the starting point a high-precision strike on the march of armored, artillery and motorized rifle vehicles. In addition, KBB with radio heads homing can disable radar means of reviewing the enemy's target defense systems and air defense systems using conventional charges. As the analysis of the capabilities of the KBB shows, they can also serve as reconnaissance tools at long distances with the condition that they are equipped with various kinds of sensors and a data transmission system that supplies information, for example, via satellite. Remote control of KBB along adjustable paths from a certain center is not excluded. However, this is a more distant prospect.
Winged BBs appear to be the prototype of a future weapon. They will solve strategic strategic missions at intercontinental distances from the starting point and are essentially flying robots. High-precision delivery of a charge to an object of defeat along adaptive aeroballistic flight paths is provided by means of a highly intelligent control system.
With the conversion refinement, the KBB will be able to cope with the delivery of rescue equipment to people in distress in remote, inaccessible areas of the globe, when the survival resource is much less than the time it takes to fly an airplane or the ship’s approach.
In the future, the principles of constructing KBB and subunits can become the basis for the formation of means of destruction of a new class, that is, remote-cybernetic weapons. Its creation, as the analysis of military conflicts of the last decades shows, is quite relevant, because with the aid of ATP various types and types of troops are able to more effectively solve problems using conventional (non-nuclear) charges at long distances and from their territory without combat contact with the enemy of our troops. and human-driven technology, if priceless human life is at the forefront. For a humane social order, this position has indisputable grounds, especially since in this case a highly undesirable nuclear conflict is excluded.
The most important distinctive features and properties of the ATP should include, first of all, extremely fast and high-precision (up to a direct hit) charge delivery using supersonic carriers (ballistic or aerodynamic type).
Scientific and technical analysis proves that the extremely high speed and accuracy of the delivery of charges are essentially incompatible. Accuracy can only be achieved at relatively low subblock speeds in the target area. This means that after the flight at extremely high speeds it is necessary to move to lower ones, in particular subsonic ones.
It should also be especially noted that although remote-cybernetic weapons should be equipped, as a rule, with non-nuclear charges, by virtue of ensuring high accuracy and enhanced capabilities for overcoming countermeasures, it successfully solves tasks of both strategic and operational-tactical nature. That is, it is advisable to look for ways to effectively accomplish all combat missions using only conventional charges. But at the same time, it should be emphasized that non-nuclear means, which do not possess extremely high precision of hit, are strategically ineffective. This also applies to the operational-tactical part. Therefore, one of the key requirements for ATP tools is to ensure high accuracy of hits.
The operations performed by winged subunits as prototypes of remote cybernetic weapons have far-reaching analogies with the actions of a pilot piloting a maneuverable aircraft in the target area at low altitude at subsonic speed. Therefore, it is legitimate to consider that ATP means are essentially military flying robots. In this case, the pilot's actions are automated. There is reason to believe that at present such scientific and technical capabilities for automating tools are available both in design, algorithmic, instrumentation, and in hardware and software. Examples of solving such particular problems are known. It’s enough to turn to the latest achievements in aviation, astronautics and robotics. In the future, it is permissible to control winged subunits remotely by analogy with how it was with lunar rovers and rovers.
For the area of objectives, digital topographic, optical and radar maps of the terrain should be available in advance, which will be used in the preparation of flight missions. In this regard, it should be emphasized that the issues of mapping the vicinity of targets in the expected operational areas and the preparation of flight missions are the most difficult in creating ATP. The GLONASS system is a good help, but this is not enough.
Delivery of ATP facilities to the target area is provided by ballistic or winged supersonic carriers in a one-piece version, or in several pieces by one carrier. Although carriers are a separate issue, we note that the scientific and technical possibilities for creating them are beyond doubt. Depending on the purpose of the subblocks, in particular, helicopter or parachute schemes, as well as airships, can be involved in moving them in the air. For the aquatic environment and the earth's surface, traditional schemes are permissible.
Charge for the designer
The main advantages of means of destruction of ATP should include:
- extremely fast delivery of charges to targets in combination with the highest possible accuracy (up to a direct hit);
- rational use of the properties of supersonic rockets (ballistic or aerodynamic types) and subsonic cruise aircraft;
-improve and provide opportunities to overcome the systems of counteraction and additional exploration and target recognition;
- delivery of charges to hard-to-impact objects, to targets with inaccurate coordinates;
- providing interested consumers with information on the object situation in a given area of the Earth;
-Providing ways to bypass the zones of view and reach of the fire weapons of the enemy’s counteraction systems;
- guarantees of stationary and mobile basing, receiving combat subunits of reconnaissance and navigation information in the target area from space and other sources;
- urgent delivery of relatively light ammunition, weapons or means of salvation to people who have found themselves in difficult situations at considerable distances and in difficult terrain.
As shown by military-technical analysis, the expected effect is multidimensional and has a unique combat potential. Its level is determined by such components as:
-high accuracy, up to a direct hit, while ensuring the shortest possible delivery time of the KBB to the target area;
-the use of non-nuclear charges for the effective destruction of strategic objects;
- reconnaissance and destruction of stationary and mobile targets, the coordinates of which are known up to the area of basing;
- hitting targets that are closed along ballistic approach trajectories;
- ensuring the functioning of the security subunits of the KBB outside the zone of vision and the reach of fire weapons of countermeasures;
-defeat objects at any distances by means of different nomenclature.
ATP is an effective, first of all, nuclear-free weapon of prevention, preemption, deterrence and retaliation, which our country needs at present and even more so in the future. The ATP is even more effective in the nuclear version, but at the same time, the charge power will be required at least many orders of magnitude less compared to the charges of typical BB strategic missiles. However, it is obvious that in modern conditions the button of a nuclear weapon cannot be pressed due to unpredictable and undesirable consequences, for such a conflict is the beginning of the path to the self-destruction of humanity. The instinct of self-preservation even the most rabid aggressor country must stop the chain reaction of the use of nuclear weapons. But in critical situations, no one guarantees the exclusion of the likelihood of its use. One can only hope that the human mind will prevail in the actions of the warring parties.
Along with increasing the combat potential of the Armed Forces, the development of ATP tools will push the development of design ideas, the preparation of digital maps of the physical fields of the Earth for strategically important areas, etc., etc. In general, the process of creating ATP can seriously revitalize all types of research and will contribute the introduction of the latest scientific achievements in military technology.