Military Review

Algeria is not to fat

22
The question of the change of power in this country is important for Russia


Algeria is a key player in the Maghreb. As densely populated as Morocco, and as rich in hydrocarbons as Libya. Possessing serious armed forces and suppressing Islamists in 90, who in this country during the Arab Spring did not even try to play the role of a political ram that they successfully played in the rest of North Africa, from Tunisia to Egypt. Managed throughout its latest stories by the military. All this despite the fact that Abdelaziz Bouteflika, ruling from 1999 of the year, is at that age and state of health in which the serious question arises: who is next in the highest state post? That for Russia, as a traditional arms supplier to the country, is of great importance, even if we forget about cooperation in other areas and coordination of activities on European gas markets.

After the fall of the Gaddafi regime in Libya, Algeria for the countries of the Sahel is a guarantor of stability and a barrier to the spread of Islamism in the region, supported by Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The latter is trying to find pivot points in the local elite, using economic levers. Algerian industry was rebuilt during the time of cooperation with the USSR, and agriculture has been developed since the country was part of France, but the gas industry is outdated, and revenues from exported hydrocarbons are not enough for modernization. Modern technologies for the production of liquefied natural gas, which Doha specializes, along with large investments in the Algerian mining sector allow Qatar to “master” the territory of the competing country.

All money is not enough


Despite the relatively high standard of living, Algeria can be shaken from the inside: in Tunisia and Libya, before the fall of the ruling regimes, it was even higher. The instability is triggered by decades of ongoing conflict between Arabs and Berbers (unlike Morocco, where this problem was solved by the king, who, in the midst of unrest in neighboring countries, changed the constitution, giving the Berbers all rights). In the south of the country, in the desert, there are Salafi terrorist groups periodically attacking the oil and gas infrastructure. In the densely populated north, including the capital, is the Islamist underground. However, the main question of the future of Algeria is power. Some aspects are considered in this article, based on the materials prepared by S. B. Balmasov for IBI.

Evaluating the processes going on in the Algerian echelons of power, we note that since May 2015, the presidential group has intensified due to the resignation of Lieutenant General Mohammed Medien, the head of the secret service Departement du Rienignement et de la Securite (DRS), 13 of September sent to resign. In July and August, Medien, who was called the Algerian god, Taufik (Lucky) and Silent, lost General Hasen, the head of the anti-terror service, accused of "state crimes." The chiefs of special services who were subordinate to the DRS, including the head of the presidential guard, were fired. Colonels Shafiq and Fawzi, who were responsible for fighting corruption and working with the media, and General Mhenna Djbar, who was responsible for counterintelligence of the army, resigned. The “intervention forces” were transferred from the DRS subordination to the army’s responsibility.

Medien lost the opportunity to organize a "palace coup". The intelligence services became second-level security officials: leadership was assigned to the army. Dozens of army officers were upgraded “out of schedule” - President and Chief of Staff Ahmed Qaid Salah enlisted the support of the armed forces. But the disruption of the work of the DRS to identify and neutralize jihadists led to their July raids in the north of the country, and the political opposition strongly criticized both the power clan. The position of Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal, the President’s protege, has strengthened. Apparently, behind castling stood Saeed Bouteflika, brother of the president. The changes distracted the Algerians from the promised democratization and constitutional reform, but did not weaken the inter-clan grouping of the “Algerian Turks” - descendants of the “managers” sent from the Ottoman Empire in the 18th century. All of them, including the new Minister of Energy Salah Hebri, are close to the prime minister and his man Yusef Yusfi, who became an adviser to the president in May 2015. Among the "Algerian Turks" belonged to such representatives of the special services as Medien, the second person in the DRS Atman Tartag and Yusfi. The technocrats who came to the leadership of ministries and companies are associated with the inter-clan grouping or are its members. The slogan "The Ottoman diaspora must give way to indigenous nationalists" is popular in Algeria. The ferment in the ranks of the leading parties in power - the Front for National Liberation and the National Democratic Union - speaks of the precariousness of the regime. To guarantee control of the situation, resources are required to purchase the loyalty of pro-government institutions.

According to the calculations of experts of the independent analytical center Nabni, the country's monetary reserves, while maintaining the current oil and gas prices, will last only until the end of 2018, so that the actions of the Algerian authorities will only slow down the country's bankruptcy. A real increase in revenues from the exploitation of energy resources is possible if we remove all bureaucratic barriers to foreign investors, which is possible only under conditions of stability, which has no guarantees. The regime with its ineffective control system itself acts as a brake on changes that can prolong its power. Time to create a competitive industry missed. The actions of the authorities will lead to increased dependence of the country on the "oil and gas illness", and not to overcome it. This creates a threat to the regime in the short term.

As a result of the resignation of Medien, the model of government was dismantled. She worked from the end of 1990 - the beginning of 2000's, suggesting the centers of power grouped around President Bouteflika, Chief of Staff Salah and Medien. The triumvirate was replaced by a duumvirate (since Major General Atman Tartag, who replaced Medien, is weaker than him), supplemented by other centers of power, including Said Bouteflika. Question: how stable is the new design? We can not exclude the clash of interests of the army and other groups. Privileges do not guarantee army loyalty to the president. The effectiveness of DRS, which lost the investigation system, economic security units (transferred to the Legal Police Directorate), special forces and wiretapping of government officials and higher institutions (transferred to the army), as well as many professionals, has been reduced.

The consequence of the departure of Medien may be the growth of corruption. It was his actions that helped uncover the corruption transactions of the Bouteflika people under contracts with foreign companies in 2007 – 2008, affecting the country's main energy structure - Sonatrach. On the other hand, there are serious suspicions that the jihadist groups operating in Mali were associated with Medjen. If so, then discharged radicals are activated in the border area and in Algeria itself. Among other things, the dismissal of Medien and the weakening of the DRS are largely due to the sharp decline in cash inflows to the treasury, for which competition has intensified. Although it cannot be excluded that we are witnessing the outcome of the compromise of the Algerian elites, who have agreed to send the head of the special services to retire with the utmost respect for the interests of himself, as well as the “corporation” and his clan he heads.

Restless Gray Cardinal


The president and his entourage are at risk. Information in the French media about property in Paris, owned by senior functionaries of the Algerian regime, and their accounts in local banks (including the head of the FLN, Amara Saadani) demonstrated the vulnerability of their positions. Apparently, the information was leaked by order of Medien with an eye to the president and his brother. Bouteflika in his tenure as head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has already been accused of official crimes for tens of millions of francs. However, despite the disagreements between Medien and other members of the leadership, he did not encroach on the power of the president, was loyal to the ruling group of “Algerian Turks”, reached old age (75 years) and for three years prepared for himself the successors of A. Tartag, causing that of resignation. Another reason for his resignation could be contacts with influential oppositionists.

Algeria is not to fat

Andrei Sedykh collage

Among the blunders of Medien are the attack on the Combined Army Academy in Cherchell, the attacks of Mujao militants in the south of the country, the seizure of the gas processing complex in In Amenas by militants of M. Belmokhtar and successful attacks by jihadists in the Batna region, Kabylia and the areas adjacent to Blida. His difficult relations with his American and French colleagues could also play a role in his dismissal. The US accused him of slowing Algeria’s cooperation with AFRICOM. This is also true for work with Germany, France and Russia. Leaks from American and French sources talked about his role in eliminating those who could interfere with his career and had compromising him, including the heads of special services and such people who had influence in them, like Abdelhafid Bussuf, Kasdi Merbach, Lakehal Ayat and Mohammed Betshin.

Medien’s successor Tartag was born in 1950, in Constantine, and joined the security forces in 1972 as a student at the Faculty of Geography. After a year of internship in Moscow at the KGB High School with the rank of lieutenant, he was assigned to work in the 3 military district in Tindouf. In 1978, he was assigned to head the security department in Um El-Boaghi. In 1981, he was transferred to head over to CSS in Jijel, from where he was sent to the capital in 1985, where he headed the vilayet security service. In the same year he was removed from his duties and only in 1986-m was returned to the capital with a decrease. During the restructuring of the Main Directorate of Military Security (MSFD), which was turned into the Central Directorate of Army Security (DCSA), he managed to become the head of security of the 5 military district.

In 1990, he was recalled to the capital. Thanks to the help of Medien, who led the DRS, Tartag was put in charge of her power (including secret) operations. The secret unit of 192 has become their instrument. Tartaga is known in Algeria and abroad under the nicknames Blaster, Bomber, Bomber, Terminator, Liquidator and Cyborg. He was responsible for the destruction of the Algerian jihadists in 90, while at the same time establishing interaction with the leaders of the Islamic Salvation Front. He worked with foreign intelligence services from Italy to South Africa (communications in South Africa helped to get a special weapon for DRS). He oversaw the training of special forces in the center in Biskra. In March, 2001 retired, in December, 2011 was returned to service after the overthrow of Gaddafi and placed at the head of the Department of Internal Security (ISD) DRS.

Replacing September 13 gendarmerie head Ahmed Bustila with Nuba Menada is also symbolic in its own way. Menad, who is 60 years old, is 11 years younger than his predecessor, who has been in office since 2000. Bustila became a victim of “insufficient competence” in the prevention of social disturbances in the southern provinces of the country. Menad has a different tactic than this proponent of force. He made several trips to the rebellious provinces, consulting with local tribal authorities. His supporter in reaching a compromise was the head of the national police, Abdelgani Kamel, who was holding informal consultations with supporters of blocking shale gas extraction projects and leaders of unemployed youth. This mission is hampered by government policies to reduce government subsidies on products.

Keep rivals closer


The problem of Algeria - the lack of clarity with the figure of the future president. The favorites in the race are the General Secretary of the ruling TNF Saadani and the Chief of the General Staff of the Army, General Salah. Under the current scenario, they should form an alliance, complementing each other. Salah, who is obliged to nominate exclusively the goals of creating a counterbalance to Medien and his supporters, should strengthen the Saadani presidency. However, Salah, positioning himself as an “Algerian al-Sisi”, clearly does not agree with the secondary role. Especially after resolving the problem of Medien, they will try to limit his authority, although after Bustila leaves, only the current head of the Republican Guard guarding the president, his entourage, General Ben-Ali Benali, the creature S. Buteflika will be able to compete with him.

At the same time, as Deputy Minister of Defense, the official head of the Algerian military "party," General Salah, does not make statements testifying to his ambitions. This role is played by General Khaled Nezar, the former head of the defense department and a member of the Supreme State Committee that led Algeria after the 1992 events of the year, one of the key figures in the defeat of the armed Islamic formations in the country in 90. In October, he made a series of statements critically assessing the situation with regard to DRS. In his opinion, it would be logical for her to submit to the military leadership, since during 2013 – 2015 many functions were transferred to the command of the armed forces. In the meantime, General Tartag, taking the post of head of the DRS, commands her, regardless of the military.

For a month, his leadership lost the posts of 12 generals and two colonels. In their place he appoints his people, whereas Salah had other plans. Based on this, it can be assumed that the permission was given by the clan of the president, or rather, by his brother, the shadow leader of the ANDR. The group behind the president fears military gain at the expense of the security services. If they manage to do this, the Bouteflika clan will become weaker than them, since the military will control two major power functions. It must be recalled that the president, while in power, managed to reduce the influence of army generals during the manipulation of various security forces, primarily army and special services, with the support of the DRS leadership, after which Bouteflika removed Medien, relying on the military.

It is logical if not to directly subordinate the DRS to the president, then at least to leave an independent structure that would be at his disposal and would not depend on the military. Moreover, there are tensions between the leadership of the armed forces and the head of state. It is indicative of the complete replacement of the leadership of military justice carried out by the order of the president during the autumn. Posts lost 14 chiefs of military district courts and prosecutors. The people of Buteflika clan are put to these places in order to avoid a situation where, at a crisis moment, the military may try to take revenge for having been squeezed after the victory over radical Islamism in 90. People of the president are strengthening their positions in other security agencies - the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the gendarmerie, where in summer and autumn there was a noticeable renewal of the leadership.

30 September was arrested by retired general Hoshin Benhadid. A few days earlier, he gave an interview in which he criticized the surroundings of A. Bouteflika, first of all his brother S. Bouteflika, Chief of the General Staff General Gaid and President of the Forum of Heads of Enterprises Ali Haddad. He argued that “the Algerian people, honest officers and elite” will not accept the scenario of a dynastic change of power, which can be interpreted as a call for a change in the leadership of the country. H. Benhadidu charged with disclosing military secrets, insubordination and calls for disobedience, as well as slander. His son was arrested on charges of illegally carrying a weapon. A. Haddad filed a lawsuit against the general with a libel charge, since Benhadid in an interview claimed that the head of the FGP received the post thanks to the patronage of S. Bouteflika, accusing him of having presidential ambitions.

27 August arrested retired General Abdelkader Ait Urab (General Hasan), who was retired from the end of 2013. For twenty years he fought against terrorists, having received the nickname Mr. Anti-Terrorism. Before his resignation, General Urab led the elite unit, the Operational Coordination and Anti-Terrorism Intelligence Service SCORAT (Service de coordination operationnelle et de renseignement antiterroriste), whose fighters participated in January 2013 in the operation to free hostages and the gas complex in In Amenas. The motives for the arrest of General Hassan were not reported, although the press linked the incident to his personal conflict with the Chief of the General Staff at the beginning of 2014, when he suspected him of delivering weapons to the south of the country without permission, receiving in response accusations of accepting bribes from operations related to import weapons.

It is noteworthy that the authorities are doing everything possible so that the security officers who were dismissed from the service did not leave the country both for security reasons (many of them are state secret carriers) and not to create an opposition hostile to the regime, including high-ranking retirees abroad. in the leadership of foreign intelligence services and in the circles of colleagues remaining in positions. The same applies to the ex-military. In particular, 19 in October, it became known that the Algerian authorities prevented the departure of the former personal security chief of President Bouteflika, General Djamel Kechal, who had been sent out in late July, to leave the country. Although the conflict of interests in the ruling elite extends far beyond the power block.

So, in October in Algeria, the conflict between the authorities in the person of A. Bouteflika and his entourage with influential businessman Issad Rebrab, whose holding Cevital is estimated at three billion dollars, intensified. The businessman accused the authorities of blocking the projects of his company, which could give Algeria thousands of jobs. Among his plans were the creation of an industrial zone to the east of the capital and the construction of a metallurgical complex, but fearing arrest, he moved to Brazil, from where he demanded guarantees of personal safety from the president and General Gaida. This sends a very bad signal to investors.
Author:
Originator:
http://vpk-news.ru/articles/27936
22 comments
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  1. marinier
    marinier 11 November 2015 20: 41 New
    +12
    Good time of the day, yep!
    Expression in one sentence: even one hemorrhoids on the garisont draws:
    1. Alexei
      Alexei 11 November 2015 20: 46 New
      +12
      Quote: marinier
      Expression in one sentence: even one hemorrhoids on the garisont draws:

      Yes, all around hemorrhoids, a feeling that there is a total destabilization of all that is with the goal of a great last war.
      1. marinier
        marinier 11 November 2015 20: 53 New
        +7
        Let me add, your sensation is really
        the reality with which c4itatsa comes. But in no case
        4th arritsa.

        Regards!
        1. Baikonur
          Baikonur 11 November 2015 21: 47 New
          +7
          Quote: marinier
          Let me add, your sensation is really
          the reality with which c4itatsa comes. But in no case
          4th arritsa.
          Do not put up is what? Intervene? It is impossible! All that remains is to wait for development and hope that the authorities in Algeria will have intelligent people with whom you can deal and build peace and friendship!

          PS: Eugene Yanovich Thank you for the comprehensive article! Very interesting!
          I did not know much about Algeria, but now I know about the authorities of Algeria, as if I had been studying Algerian politics all my life!
          1. Tra-ta-ta
            Tra-ta-ta 12 November 2015 00: 24 New
            -1
            I did not know much about Algeria ..
            Johnny, if E.Ya. had told everything he knew here .. then a caputo would not have been enough ..!
            ..Before entering this place, he sent an agent in advance to the agent so that he could bring the country's flag aboard.
            The agent didn’t bring the flag, and because of this the warriors took the passport and ship docks ..
            The fine was then set at 750 Euro ..
            I called our Ambassador .. Tu-tu-tu ...
            ps wild country
        2. Nagaibak
          Nagaibak 11 November 2015 21: 49 New
          +1
          = marinier "Your sensation is really
          the reality with which c4itatsa comes. But in no case
          4th of Miritsa. "
          It's right.)))
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Baloo
        Baloo 11 November 2015 21: 23 New
        +2
        Cause hemorrhoids disturbed outflow, do not hold the valve.
      4. Baloo
        Baloo 11 November 2015 21: 23 New
        +1
        Cause hemorrhoids disturbed outflow, do not hold the valve.
      5. EGOrkka
        EGOrkka 12 November 2015 05: 46 New
        0
        Alexei
        with the goal of a great last war.


        .... yes, they have been talking about this for a long time .... and the source of these actions of the Socialist Politics School ... for them, the absence of war is BAD bully
    2. Lenin
      Lenin 11 November 2015 21: 26 New
      +2
      Not that word. Under the USSR, his own uncle was on business trips there, the kingdom of heaven provided assistance to Algerians. What again should I help?
    3. 71rus
      71rus 11 November 2015 21: 27 New
      0
      Anthony, het is leuk dat de militaire controle blijkt dat de lezers in Nederland. Warmte nu in Amsterdam?
      1. Lenin
        Lenin 11 November 2015 23: 53 New
        +1
        I am glad that VO is read in the Netherlands, but what kind of flood and what does this have to do with this article.
    4. Tor5
      Tor5 11 November 2015 22: 19 New
      0
      Yes, and what kind of hemorrhoids ....
    5. iliya87
      iliya87 12 November 2015 08: 54 New
      0
      Well, it’s hard for Poland, Uraine, Syria to keep track of everything, and most importantly not to lose their interests, but rather to increase it altogether. Let's see how events develop, Algeria is not a bottom and can and does play a role in the region.
  2. venaya
    venaya 11 November 2015 20: 41 New
    +3
    Algeria is a key player in the Maghreb. As densely populated as Morocco and rich in hydrocarbons like Libya

    What smells like money, but here it smells of big money, everything immediately starts to smell like a war, big or small. Careful we need to relate to all this, and to predict the development of events in advance.
    1. Baloo
      Baloo 11 November 2015 21: 27 New
      +1
      Money? Do you mean the struggle of the Saudis and the Macington macaques for control over the places of production and transportation of hydrocarbons?
      1. venaya
        venaya 11 November 2015 22: 09 New
        0
        Quote: Balu
        Money? Do you mean the struggle of the Saudis and the Macington macaques for control over the places of production and transportation of hydrocarbons?

        I mean, in today's scenario, the financial problems that surround the United States require an external fin. replenishment, for the continuation and even just the existence of the life of the US financial system. If we do not take this into account, then it will be difficult for us to predict further events. Fin US problems have actually become a problem for the rest of the world, just like today the financial system of the whole world operates, you may not notice this, but then the processes of world politics will not be clear. Details and particulars also matter, only the general should never be forgotten.
    2. Baloo
      Baloo 11 November 2015 21: 27 New
      0
      Money? Do you mean the struggle of the Saudis and the Macington macaques for control over the places of production and transportation of hydrocarbons?
  3. gammipapa
    gammipapa 11 November 2015 20: 45 New
    -5
    For a long time I stopped listening and reading Satanovsky’s articles, I never guessed anything.
    We have enough problems without Algeria, we must first solve the current ones.
    Stupidly embrace the vast
    1. moskowit
      moskowit 11 November 2015 20: 55 New
      -1
      Yes and no need ...
    2. marinier
      marinier 11 November 2015 20: 57 New
      +5
      Quote: gammipapa
      For a long time I stopped listening and reading Satanovsky’s articles, I never guessed anything.
      We have enough problems without Algeria, we must first solve the current ones.
      Stupidly embrace the vast

      Greetings.
      You are right, but a hand on the pulse must be dared (not so naively).
      Moreover, you have there not bad developments since the days of the USSR.

      with respect.
    3. Stirbjorn
      Stirbjorn 12 November 2015 10: 20 New
      0
      Quote: gammipapa
      We have enough problems without Algeria, we must first solve the current ones.
      Algeria, one of the main buyers of our military equipment, who also regularly pay (and not on credit) and do not throw
  4. Algetxnumx
    Algetxnumx 11 November 2015 20: 53 New
    +6
    Quote: gammipapa
    For a long time I stopped listening and reading Satanovsky’s articles, I never guessed anything.

    Well, firstly, Satanovsky is not a fortuneteller, and secondly, he is one of not many adequate professionals, specialists in the Middle East, who knows this region thoroughly.
    1. Samaritan
      Samaritan 11 November 2015 22: 26 New
      0
      Quote: Alget87
      Quote: gammipapa
      For a long time I stopped listening and reading Satanovsky’s articles, I never guessed anything.

      Well, firstly, Satanovsky is not a fortuneteller, and secondly, he is one of not many adequate professionals, specialists in the Middle East, who knows this region thoroughly.


      Or maybe because it didn’t come true that they listen to his opinion and change the situation to please us ?!
  5. Nymp
    Nymp 11 November 2015 20: 53 New
    0
    Well, that’s it, there is infrastructure and a precarious state of power, wait for an exceptional nation to visit! As always, she will decide who should rule in the country, with whom to “be friends”, with whom not. How could it be without a star-striped know-it-all ?!
  6. dsi
    dsi 11 November 2015 20: 56 New
    0
    Well, Eugene, you yourself said on the air - a triumvirate. This means that after a long reflection it will be restored (for the east). No matter how the president and the army resisted, the secret service will definitely be. And ... I'm sure of your forecast.
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 11 November 2015 21: 08 New
    0
    In other words ... the next lot is Algeria .. who will give more ..
  8. AdekvatNICK
    AdekvatNICK 11 November 2015 21: 21 New
    -4
    why does everyone, as soon as something happens in some country, immediately think that America is stirring it up? no country is able to revolt or arrange a revolution?
    That’s why I love VO, what’s immediately minus they put patriotic comments for not cheers, well, what kind of children.
    1. Baloo
      Baloo 11 November 2015 21: 25 New
      +1
      Reread the history of the revolutions of 1917. and civil war, special attention to the April theses and the Brest peace of 1918, special attention to drafts. Perhaps there will be a desire to draw parallels.
      1. AdekvatNICK
        AdekvatNICK 11 November 2015 21: 30 New
        +1
        Yes, gentlemen, I read all this, but as you can’t understand. The world does not rest on one America. They climb everywhere but really can’t assume that people are different everywhere.
        That's how America seems to be everywhere to America, and America to us everywhere, it’s already at the genetic level that mania of conspiracies seems.
      2. Lenin
        Lenin 11 November 2015 23: 47 New
        0
        You are right. There is something about it. But oh how I do not want the third world, so many hot spots in the world have become.
  9. dmi.pris
    dmi.pris 11 November 2015 21: 26 New
    +1
    The article reveals the situation in the country well ... But the East (if you can call it Algeria) is a delicate matter, and how everything will unfold allah alone knows
  10. mitrich
    mitrich 11 November 2015 21: 30 New
    0
    Well, if there is a mess in Algeria, Europe Khan, the creation of the Euro Caliphate in the near future will be a settled task. And to us, the problem is delayed, it will become a neighbor, since the Poles with the Balts will not exactly disown the bearded. And they will run to us, forgetting that we are the main enemies.
  11. marinier
    marinier 11 November 2015 21: 37 New
    0
    Quote: 71rus
    Anthony, het is leuk dat de militaire controle blijkt dat de lezers in Nederland. Warmte nu in Amsterdam?

    het is in Amsterdam nu koud. En ik zou graag verder in het Russisch verder met je praten. met vreindelijke groeten
  12. marinier
    marinier 11 November 2015 21: 46 New
    +4
    Quote: AdekvatNICK
    why does everyone, as soon as something happens in some country, immediately think that America is stirring it up? no country is able to revolt or arrange a revolution?
    That’s why I love VO, what’s immediately minus they put patriotic comments for not cheers, well, what kind of children.

    Good time of day, Mr.!
    I will take the liberty of sebia for you.
    In your opinion, who organized the spring parade (Tunisia, Livia, Morocco was tortured, but the Netherlands tried to succumb, the Americans compromised, Egypt, Syria).
    Note all the above-re-designated countries had not bad contacts in their time
    with the USSR-RUSSIA.
  13. marinier
    marinier 11 November 2015 21: 58 New
    +1
    Quote: Baikonur
    Quote: marinier
    Let me add, your sensation is really
    the reality with which c4itatsa comes. But in no case
    4th arritsa.
    Do not put up is what? Intervene? It is impossible! All that remains is to wait for development and hope that the authorities in Algeria will have intelligent people with whom you can deal and build peace and friendship!

    PS: Eugene Yanovich Thank you for the comprehensive article! Very interesting!
    I did not know much about Algeria, but now I know about the authorities of Algeria, as if I had been studying Algerian politics all my life!

    Mr
    long-lasting, certain pressure factors (agents of influence,
    we will send the leadership of Alzir, sharing the view of RUSSIA)
    And at the end, many leaders of Alzir’s security forces underwent stasis,
    and u4ebu in the USSR.
    Yeah! Reanimate old Sviazi .......
  14. sabakina
    sabakina 11 November 2015 22: 13 New
    +1
    All are armed. All arm everyone. All against everyone ..... I wonder if I wake up tomorrow? ...
    1. chess
      chess 11 November 2015 22: 57 New
      +2
      Wake up, but maybe not even one
  15. VladimS
    VladimS 12 November 2015 00: 55 New
    0
    in today's scenario, the financial problems that surround the United States require an external fin. replenishment, for the continuation and even just the existence of the life of the US financial system. If we do not take this into account, then it will be difficult for us to predict further events. Fin US problems have actually become the problem of the rest of the world, just like that, the financial system of the whole world is acting today,

    They until they succeed in their inflation, they spread it all over the world in varying proportions / countries. But every month the scribe is becoming more and more clear and closer. And from this terribly it becomes sometimes.
  16. Vladimir71
    Vladimir71 12 November 2015 03: 51 New
    0
    Yes, Algeria is not up to fat))) Around their Liber_ast ...
  17. Wolka
    Wolka 12 November 2015 05: 35 New
    0
    it seems that the Yankees still can’t calm down, war and chaos for them is their normal state, peace is death for them, or rather the end of their dollar ...