But the point is not in contradictions. Anyway, no holidays, these contradictions will not smooth out. They were, are and will be in the next 30 years, while generations are alive, who believe that the development model set by the Soviet Union was fairer and more effective than the modern model. Also in the coming 30 years there will be those who believe that only with the collapse of the USSR they were able to breathe freely.
In our political culture, the image of the Soviet Union will prevail for quite some time. And not because there is a Stalinist, dissident or farmer living inside us, but because it is too large and historical was a project of the USSR. Each era leaves a memory in material culture - from metallurgical plants and the Moscow metro to the Baikonur spacecraft and the VAZ 2109. As long as the material culture of the USSR lives around us, the image of the Soviet Union will be relevant. And any ideology at the level of the masses is always a set of images, and not a harmonious system of theorems and evidence.
The main dissonance between the Day of National Unity holiday and its Soviet forerunner is that the state has not yet succeeded in making 4 November a “red calendar day” as the USSR did in 7 November.
There are practically no correct mass cultural interpretations about the 4 sense of November - movies, animations, commercials, posters and computer games. The film "1612" came out with some kind of mud with unicorns, and nothing else in wide release and did not come out in fact.
This is more than strange: Smoot, which, in theory, should tell the holiday of November 4, did not become a source of content for state propaganda and agitation.
But the historical material of the Troubles of the XVII century gives a lot of instructive material.
How the boyars became oligarchy. As the elite split, powerful families supported the Polish intervention. How the Romanov family was balanced between the camps and then received the crown. As a folk hero, Pozharsky was lost in palace intrigues. As a trade oligarchy (that is, the boyars and courtiers) speculated during the famine.
The fact that the militia, which Minin organized and commanded by Pozharsky, is a popular phenomenon — peasant, handicraft and unemployed. That is proletarian. The Minin-Pozharsky militia looked more like the Red Army than the contract-draft army of the Russian Federation or the estate-recruit army of the Russian Empire, as Comrade Semin rightly says.
There may be a lot of interesting things in the November 4 celebration. But this, unfortunately, is not in state propaganda and agitation. Therefore, it is impossible to make November 4 a “red day”. Today the form in the form of balls, flags and solemn public relations of the administration prevails. A must be the primary political content. Then the holiday will turn out.
In order to understand the continuity of 4 and 7 in November, the Day of Popular Unity should become the day when the whole country remembers (watches movies and cartoons, reads in newspapers and on the Internet, passes lessons and listens to lectures) about some important events and heroic people .
This means that the state should explain in an accessible and massive way how the Troubles arise. What is this phenomenon? Why did the Poles manage to end up in Moscow without winning a single battle, and how did the influential Russian clans join the interventionists and swear allegiance to the False King?
In order to understand how this should be done in popular culture, it is worth relying on the political experience of the mythologization of November 7 within the framework of the USSR. At first it was generally a celebration of the beginning of the World Revolution. Then he was transformed on the day of the Great Proletarian Revolution. And only then he became the actual day of the Great October Socialist Revolution - which we remembered.
November 7 for every Soviet citizen was the point of the watershed. Appeared "before the revolution" and "after the revolution." Accordingly, the picture of the world was described in two realities: before and after.
A new political reckoning began. A citizen felt a part of history and was born into a new era.
And for the involvement with the story and need those same films, cartoons and computer games. In addition to the school and university programs.
It is necessary to explain in the language of the broad masses of the people, why, actually, 4 November is the beginning of a new stage in the history of the Moscow kingdom. What if there was no victory over the interventionists, then Russia would become an ordinary colony of Polish colonialists, as South America became a colony of Spanish and Portuguese. Today we can watch it from Moscow to Warsaw from the height of the country from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean. And at the beginning of the XVII century it was exactly the opposite. The huge densely populated Polish state from the Baltic to the Black Sea is against the Muscovy torn apart by the civil war, where power was shared between a hundred separatist princes and oligarch boyars.
Actually, if it were not for 4 November in the history of Muscovy, it is not clear whether Russia would have appeared later.
And, by the way, it’s not a fact that the uprising of Bogdan Khmelnitsky in Ukraine would have been successful, would remain under the rule of puppet Polish magnates in Moscow. It is not clear what would have happened to the eastern regions of Muscovy at that time — most likely, numerous Turkic and Finno-Ugric peoples had settled away from Moscow, and then they were firmly colonized, as happened with the natives of India, the Americas, Australia and Oceania.
This is what the November 4 holiday should be about. About the real problems and challenges of Russia through the prism of history. Only then is there a chance that our citizens will develop a clear understanding of the Troubles as a political process that must be cauterized at any cost. Just as it should be explained that the collapse of the Soviet Union is also a consequence of the Troubles. Only the Troubles in the political conditions of the late twentieth century. Actually, this will finally be able to marginalize the political battles between the “red” and “white” ones.