Military Review

Allied World War II Tank Plants (memories in 18 photos and one video)

58
Allied World War II Tank Plants (memories in 18 photos and one video)

July 14, 1941: production assembly line tanks running at full capacity during the “great acceleration” of mass production associated with preparations for the invasion of Europe.


“The front has disappeared, and with it the illusion that there has always been a front. There is no war of slow occupation, but a war of rapid penetration and destruction. - Blitzkrieg, Lightning War. TIME Magazine, 25 September 1939 of the Year


1940s: M4 Sherman tanks are manufactured at the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant tank factory in the United States.


1940: UK supply ministry tank factory.


18 August 1940: British tanks on the assembly line. Some tanks are being repaired after evacuation from Dunkirk.


October 1941 of the year: a British tank is transported by a steam locomotive from the Midlands factory and sent to the Eastern Front to assist the Soviet Union.


29 December 1941 of the year: Workers at the plant of the Ministry of Supply make the tower for the tank "Matilda".


29 December 1941 of the year: Workers at the plant of the Ministry of Supply install a gun on the tank "Matilda".


1940-1942 years: Workers install tracks on the M3 tank at the US Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant tank factory.


1942 year: workers collect tanks "Cruiser" in the British factory.


11 April 1942: The Chrysler assembly plant in Detroit, converted to tank production.


22 December 1941 of the Year: Workers in a British factory are writing a message to the adversary “A Christmas Cookie for Hitler”.


1942 year: the assembly line at the Chrysler tank factory in Michigan goes from the M3 model to the M4 model, and the assembly line does not stop.


1940-1942 years: Workers manufacture M3 tanks at the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant tank factory in Michigan.


Chrysler's multi-engine engine for the M3 tank was also installed on the M4 model. In a multi-block engine, which is a modification of an automobile engine, five six-cylinder engines are connected to one drive shaft. Critics called it the "outboard engine"; it was installed on M3 tanks only in the spring and summer of the 1942 of the year, before the M3 model was replaced by the M4 model.


June 1944 of the Year: Workers assemble M4 tanks at the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant in the USA.

The next-generation tank, M4 Sherman, is in the final stages of assembly at the Chrysler tank factory. The main improvement was the transition from a riveted body to a welded one. The piles of jagged rings in the middle of a photo are stacks of tank tracks.


1942: diesel engines for M4 Sherman tanks, tank plant Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant, USA.

The pursuit of a perfect tank engine continued throughout the war. In this regard, the tank M4 Sherman installed six different types of engines, both diesel and gasoline. In the photo, workers on an assembly line at a plant in Detroit assembled twin diesel engines developed by General Motors.


Workers at the Ford River Rouge plant assemble Ford V-8 tank engines. Ford engine power 450 l.ch. had one of the best specific power of all tank engines. In the army he was considered one of the most reliable and easy to maintain.
.

1940-1942 years: Workers install tracks on a M3 tank at the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant in Michigan.



Materials used:
www.thebrigade.com
www.mashable.com
http://ww2db.com
www.wikipedia.org
58 comments
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  1. svp67
    svp67 10 November 2015 06: 21 New
    12
    Да, интересно. Интересно, если бы надо было эвакуировать их заводы под бомбами немцев, да вывозить на новые места, у них так же все "улыбчево" было?
    1. Yuri from Volgograd
      Yuri from Volgograd 10 November 2015 06: 59 New
      10
      Hardly of course.
      But cleanliness is surprising.
      1. Gronsky
        Gronsky 10 November 2015 15: 41 New
        +8
        What is so surprising?
        Normal, debugged production in peacetime.
        Yes, yes, it was peaceful, the states did not know the war on their territory.
        Anyone who seriously compares production conditions in the USSR and in the states is either, to put it mildly, not too smart, or with the goal of consciously denigrating everything that we had.
  2. loft79
    loft79 10 November 2015 08: 01 New
    +9
    Very good and interesting selection. Thanks to the author hi
  3. zadorin1974
    zadorin1974 10 November 2015 09: 02 New
    +4
    A wonderful selection, it’s a pity that the film is without translation (alas, with English it’s just not how)
  4. avt
    avt 10 November 2015 09: 18 New
    +4
    good Beautiful photo story.
  5. Olezhek
    Olezhek 10 November 2015 09: 26 New
    +7
    Thank you: interesting photos and film.
    Productivity is important
    By the way, the American M3 looks like a rare freak
    even against the backdrop of cruiders.
    1. cth; fyn
      cth; fyn 10 November 2015 09: 29 New
      +1
      But drin is normal, but not like a crusader.
      1. Alf
        Alf 12 November 2015 21: 47 New
        +1
        Quote: cth; fyn
        But drin is normal, but not like a crusader.

        He would have stuck where Krusader ...
  6. Black Colonel
    Black Colonel 10 November 2015 09: 31 New
    14
    The cleanliness and organization, the saturation of equipment, and the small mechanization of technological processes are impressive. I look at the personnel - quite healthy men, cool specialists, and take pride and respect for the fact that our designers and technologists were able to create first-class and high-tech military equipment that could be supplied by the army to children, adolescents, old people, women (on processes unusual for women).
    Не зря на плакатах писали: "Слава советскому народу - народу-победителю!"
    1. THE_SEAL
      THE_SEAL 10 November 2015 14: 55 New
      +1
      Yes, an interesting article. Plus the author. It is especially interesting to learn about the competition of auto giants in the supply of engines. Ford with GM. The British have a Rolls Royce. The Germans have Maybach and Porsche.
  7. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn 10 November 2015 09: 34 New
    +4
    Бросилось в глаза отсутствие "конвейера Форда" все машины собираются индивидуально, не сходя с места.
  8. Amatar
    Amatar 10 November 2015 09: 49 New
    +3
    The level of automation and the culture of production are amazing. Not all of our modern enterprises will see this.
  9. Bagno new
    Bagno new 10 November 2015 09: 49 New
    -11
    It is strange that we have only women and children working in factories .. very strange ....
    1. Galich Kos
      Galich Kos 10 November 2015 10: 30 New
      10
      Quote: BagnoNew
      It is strange that we have only women and children working in factories .. very strange ...



      Really a mystery. And where are all the men suddenly stocked up? I will suggest that many went to the front ...
      1. 0255
        0255 10 November 2015 13: 07 New
        0
        Quote: Galich Kos
        Quote: BagnoNew
        It is strange that we have only women and children working in factories .. very strange ...



        Really a mystery. And where are all the men suddenly stocked up? I will suggest that many went to the front ...

        The Soviet command sent skilled workers to the front instead of leaving them in production. Many themselves volunteered, did not want to evacuate beyond the Urals.
        1. cth; fyn
          cth; fyn 10 November 2015 13: 25 New
          +5
          В те времена не было слова "не хочу".
          1. nemets
            nemets 10 November 2015 21: 17 New
            +1
            некоторых и "не могу" не останавливало
        2. 97110
          97110 10 November 2015 14: 53 New
          +7
          Quote: 0255
          The Soviet command sent skilled workers to the front

          И погоны золотые, и из лучших, надо полагать, побуждений рябь в луже делаете. Или в армии не служили? Командование должно анализировать призывной контингент, отсеивать важных для народного хозяйства специалистов? А хозяйственники, соответственно, с просеянным призывным контингентом, не представляющим интереса для производства, формировать новые войсковые (или "военные" по-вашему?)части и заваливать трупами немцев? Пусть читатель знает, что советское командование отправляло квалифицированных рабочих на фронт. А женщин и детей заставляло работать по 25 часов в сутки в тылу. Под угрозой расстрела, само собой. Вот же гады! В Англии - сами поглядите - женщины ручками без рукавиц вдвоём пушку 40 мм стропят, не нарушив маникюра. Наверняка пришли женихов подобрать. И на танк залезли в юбках - это для окончательного соблазнения. А у нас, в СССР, мужики не могли такого вытерпеть - пришлось их на фронт убрать.
        3. oldkap22
          oldkap22 10 November 2015 15: 21 New
          +3
          ну вообще то существовало такое понятие"БРОНЬ"и оно соблюдалось... даже с фронта возвращали тех кто уходил добровольцем а также старались беречь и специалистов дефицитных воинских специальностей(например противотанкистов.механиков-водителей .летчиков...)
        4. Black Colonel
          Black Colonel 10 November 2015 18: 04 New
          0
          Then, when they sorted it out, they began sending the surviving skilled workers back to the rear.
        5. avt
          avt 10 November 2015 19: 13 New
          +3
          Quote: 0255
          Many themselves volunteered, did not want to evacuate beyond the Urals.

          By the way, following the results of the war and work on mistakes in 1945-1946, along with the need to create a strategic supply of consumables - rare earth and non-ferrous metals, the fact of the need to save skilled personnel in wartime and not to send to the front, as in 1941, was specifically indicated unacceptable squandering of qualified personnel due to insufficiently clear organized formation of the militia.
        6. Alf
          Alf 12 November 2015 21: 49 New
          0
          Quote: 0255
          The Soviet command sent skilled workers to the front instead of leaving them in production. Many themselves volunteered, did not want to evacuate beyond the Urals.

          If the Soviet command did not send skilled workers to the front, then very soon German supervisors would be in these workshops.
      2. Insurgent LC
        Insurgent LC 10 November 2015 15: 50 New
        +2
        not only went but many didn’t come back so that the boys and women suffered a difficult test even after the war, given the famine and the crop failure of 1946, it was difficult for not every man to shoulder
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Bayonet
      Bayonet 10 November 2015 17: 37 New
      +4
      Quote: BagnoNew
      It is strange that we have only women and children working in factories .. very strange ...

      Who's that ? Like men -
      1. Lone wolf
        Lone wolf 10 November 2015 18: 28 New
        +1
        Quote: Bayonet
        Quote: BagnoNew
        It is strange that we have only women and children working in factories .. very strange ...

        Who's that ? Like men -

        Yes, certainly not Sobchak. Not Zverev. and not Moses .. Men ... although women, teenagers and even children stood on a par
      2. nemets
        nemets 10 November 2015 21: 20 New
        +2
        on the armor is a kid 12-15 years old
    4. nemets
      nemets 10 November 2015 21: 16 New
      +1
      you apparently id ** t, not to say otherwise
  10. Galich Kos
    Galich Kos 10 November 2015 10: 19 New
    +6
    Warm, in good ... An 8-hour working day, after work, a movie, a disco, a beer. If the US war went through the same rink as in the USSR, they were unlikely to be able to produce something.
    1. Bagno new
      Bagno new 10 November 2015 10: 28 New
      -12
      Quote: Galich Kos
      Warm, in good ... An 8-hour working day, after work, a movie, a disco, a beer. If the US war went through the same rink as in the USSR, they were unlikely to be able to produce something.

      people helped us, and I think we are willing to fight Nazism, and now we spit in their backs ... supposedly a bastard and here we were crap .. they sucked us and then destroyed it before our eyes .. it’s shameful and disgusting to read what they wrote here ....
      1. Galich Kos
        Galich Kos 10 November 2015 10: 37 New
        +6
        Quote: BagnoNew
        people helped us, and I think willingly in the fight against Nazism, and now we spit in their backs



        And how we helped them in the fight against Nazism in a fairy tale to say a pen to describe. They are tanks to us, and shitty, and we at the front until the summer of 44 shoved into one face. The African and Italian fronts against the backdrop of the eastern front are nothing!
        They themselves raised Hitler, and then helped us fight him. Beauties!
        1. cth; fyn
          cth; fyn 10 November 2015 11: 06 New
          +5
          Well, they didn’t really help with military equipment, but they supplied the locomotives and ships normally, and they were well supplied with vehicles, they supplied the raw materials and machines, in principle, if the Soviet Union was a democrat from the Eurasian states, the United States was not left behind, and the question is about the ideology of the union , sociolism is painfully beautiful, especially in its renaissance.
          1. Black Colonel
            Black Colonel 10 November 2015 18: 08 New
            0
            I don’t know about ships and steam locomotives, but there was material about the supply of technology at VO This is no less essential - the production of aviation gasoline, optics, and acoustics for the Navy.
        2. Palach
          Palach 10 November 2015 14: 06 New
          +3
          Do not confuse the politics and attitude of the people towards us. Ordinary people were very kind to the USSR, in the United States and Britain there were charitable organizations that sent products, medicines, etc. to help the Russian people.
          The USSR received help from the Allies not only under the Lend-Lease program. In the United States, in particular, the “Russia War Relief Committee” was created. “With the money raised, the committee purchased and sent to the Red Army, the Soviet people medicines, medicines and equipment, food, clothing. In total, during the war, the Soviet Union received assistance worth more than one and a half billion dollars ”(A. Feklisov Overseas and on the island. M., 1994. S. 27). In England, a similar committee was led by Clementine Churchill, the wife of the prime minister.
          1. nemets
            nemets 10 November 2015 21: 25 New
            +1
            the most absurd is that Churchill wanted to attack immediately after the war
        3. Palach
          Palach 10 November 2015 14: 06 New
          +1
          Do not confuse the politics and attitude of the people towards us. Ordinary people were very kind to the USSR, in the United States and Britain there were charitable organizations that sent products, medicines, etc. to help the Russian people.
          The USSR received help from the Allies not only under the Lend-Lease program. In the United States, in particular, the “Russia War Relief Committee” was created. “With the money raised, the committee purchased and sent to the Red Army, the Soviet people medicines, medicines and equipment, food, clothing. In total, during the war, the Soviet Union received assistance worth more than one and a half billion dollars ”(A. Feklisov Overseas and on the island. M., 1994. S. 27). In England, a similar committee was led by Clementine Churchill, the wife of the prime minister.
          1. 97110
            97110 10 November 2015 15: 06 New
            +3
            Quote: PALACH
            Do not confuse the politics and attitude of the people towards us.

            Of course not. Everyone remembers how the great people of Naglosak came up against the wall after Churchill's Fulton speech. Scraped the last A-bombs and composed a plan of nuclear bombing of Soviet cities. It turned out badly - their fighting qualities of the arrogant Saxons themselves were not impressive at the end of World War II. They made more bombs, wrote a new plan, again put them in their pants. It took half a century to collect corrupt little souls in the USSR to break it with the power of a golden calf. So we remember the attitude of their people towards you. And to us too.
        4. denis02135
          denis02135 10 November 2015 14: 21 New
          +6
          Dear Galich Kos

          Вы не припомните как мы помогали в войне на Тихом Океане 41-44, где были задействованы сибирские и дальневосточные дивизии в декабре 41. Мне кажется, что никто на этом сайте не уменьшает подвиг Советского народа. Вы говорите сами вырастили, а кто поставлял нефть, пшеницу и пр. в Германию до 22 июня 41. Вы бы задали вопрос почему немцы дошли до Москвы и Сталинграда и почему потребовалось эвакуировать большинство военных заводов. Для амеров что Гитлер , что Сталин диктаторы и их "свара" в Европе была только на руки для своего усиления. Если не ошибаюсь это называется геополитика. И что в Вашем понимании дерьмовенькие, когда нет ничего и дермовенькие сойдут. А алюминий для т34, тушенка и яичный поршок, рельсы и пр. тоже . Не надо перебарщивать у них и у нас были героические и позорные моменты истории.
          1. goose
            goose 10 November 2015 14: 46 New
            +2
            Quote: denis02135
            You do not recall how we helped in the war in the Pacific Ocean 41-44, where Siberian and Far Eastern divisions were involved in December 41.

            Siberian divisions from the Far East were not removed, if anyone did not know. There were enough other formed Siberian divisions.
            But Lend-Lease rations, aluminum, and motor vehicles played a prominent role in military operations 42–4 4y without these import items, the success of some operations would be less.
            Although most of us would prefer, of course, a 10-hour working day in abundance to weekdays at the front. The difference is huge.
          2. THE_SEAL
            THE_SEAL 10 November 2015 14: 56 New
            -1
            Quote: denis02135
            You do not recall how we helped in the war on the Pacific Ocean 41-44, where Siberian and Far Eastern divisions were involved in December 41. It seems to me that no one on this site reduces the feat of the Soviet people. You say you yourself raised, and who supplied oil, wheat, etc. to Germany until June 22, 41.

            Unfortunately, there are a lot of questions and Stalin is left anyway.
          3. Bagno new
            Bagno new 10 November 2015 15: 08 New
            -7
            I agree ... why are they driven to the Yankees, supposedly they raised Hitler and the Reich ... it has already been proven long ago that it was him who nurtured him .. and don’t remember what we drove with them until June 22? and their schools are air and tank? But how did Molotov strike out welcome telegrams to Hitler about taking another European capital?
            1. Black Colonel
              Black Colonel 10 November 2015 18: 15 New
              0
              There was an agreement, they are training their soldiers (pilots and tankers), they are us - technology in heavy industry - foundry, machine tool, machine building, chemical industry, etc.
            2. nemets
              nemets 10 November 2015 21: 28 New
              0
              but don’t remember who wrote this?
            3. Barmal
              Barmal 10 November 2015 22: 29 New
              +3
              What are they driving? The truth is being driven.

              1. Barmal
                Barmal 10 November 2015 22: 54 New
                0
                1939 New York.

                No comments.
          4. Black Colonel
            Black Colonel 10 November 2015 18: 11 New
            -3
            "... алюминий для т34"
            Here is more detailed, please. Did the USSR already have tanks landing from aircraft? belay
            1. denis02135
              denis02135 10 November 2015 19: 35 New
              +4
              Dear Black Colonel

              If you know the T34 cylinder block was made of aluminum (as well as aircraft), aluminum supplies accounted for more than 50% of production in the USSR, plus steam engines more than 70%, gasoline, rails, explosives more than 30%. The tanks certainly landed, but you probably remember that all the airborne corps were converted into rifle divisions at the beginning of the war, and light weapons were not enough for an equivalent fight against German infantry divisions.

              Of course, we would have won without Lend-Lease, but how many additional victims would have been?
          5. avt
            avt 10 November 2015 19: 31 New
            +3
            Quote: denis02135
            and who supplied oil, wheat, etc. to Germany until June 22, 41.

            Oh, wei! But who supplied the Japanese oil and so on, and so, after the introduction of USA sanctions against Japan, Roosevelt had to start criminal cases? Such a delicious gesheft was - my mother gave your pearl to the harbor where else. Or didn’t it smell her own? USSR at least counter deliveries of machines and mechanisms that he did not have from Germany received. But did the same Gena Ford have with Japan except the dough? wassat
            Quote: denis02135
            . If not mistaken, this is called geopolitics.

            You are not mistaken. As the late Gromyko spoke in his declining years, to whom Stalin recommended raising his English by visiting churches in the USA, only the correct speech was preserved there laughing - if you tell how it really was - the world will turn upside down. The land lease also started from different ends, one of them is the tennis court where Charlie Chaplin played with Una and our diplomats Kondratyev and Zubilin, then Litvinov arrived and launched the Mikhoels committee in the USSR.
            Quote: denis02135
            No need to go overboard with them and we had heroic and shameful moments in history.

            good Correct - the facts took place to be different.
          6. Galich Kos
            Galich Kos 10 November 2015 19: 52 New
            +3
            Quote: denis02135
            You say you yourself raised, and who supplied oil, wheat, etc. to Germany until June 22, 41.



            It’s ridiculous. Nothing that the American business quite successfully collaborated with the Germans almost the entire war. really not in the know, or in the states you are not told?
            1. denis02135
              denis02135 11 November 2015 14: 22 New
              0
              Dear Galich Kos
              And now you will give examples of cooperation after December 12, 41.
        5. goose
          goose 10 November 2015 15: 02 New
          +1
          Quote: Galich Kos
          They are our tanks, and shitty

          The English tanks were all normal, their commission selected. Shermans were the same more or less.
          Light M3 is of course slag. They did not know where to put their T-70s.
          Light armored vehicles and armored personnel carriers were almost never produced during the war years and there were simply no analogues except for the Ba-64B. Everything was good here.
        6. nemets
          nemets 10 November 2015 21: 23 New
          -1
          he was right, the people helped, and the government was dirty
      2. 97110
        97110 10 November 2015 14: 57 New
        +2
        Quote: BagnoNew
        it’s shameful and disgusting to read what they wrote here ....

        And take a walk from this site that does not suffer from enthusiasm about our enemies. You eats matzah waiting. With Ksyushady and other Albanians you will not be ashamed and disgusted - like us. Well, you understand. You are capitalized to commemorate your relationship, you are our bashful.
        1. Bagno new
          Bagno new 10 November 2015 16: 36 New
          -3
          because of people like you, we didn’t nearly fail.
          1. Black Colonel
            Black Colonel 10 November 2015 18: 17 New
            +2
            Come on!!! With people like you, WWII would have ended in the 41st. In the region of the Urals.
          2. 97110
            97110 11 November 2015 09: 49 New
            0
            Quote: BagnoNew
            But because of people like you, we nearly broke the Second World War ..

            ВОВ - и "провалили"? То есть ваши имели задание на ВОВ и его чуть-чуть не выполнили? Пришлось силёнок поднакопить и реванш состоялся в 1992?
      3. avt
        avt 10 November 2015 19: 17 New
        +3
        Quote: BagnoNew
        .. ashamed and disgusted to read what they wrote here ....

        Well, don’t knock on the clave, but go and throw your face at the dung.
        Quote: cth; fyn
        Well, they didn’t really help with military equipment, but they set up steam locomotives and ships normally, and they helped the vehicles well,

        Well, yes, many from the bottom of their hearts, though not for nothing — the USSR paid for GOLD — they didn’t write off anything after the war, and what Stalin and subsequent general secretaries of the type squeezed — the EBN paid off.
      4. viktorR
        viktorR 10 November 2015 19: 18 New
        +2
        ashamed and disgusted to read
        Akhidzhakova, log in
    2. goose
      goose 10 November 2015 16: 04 New
      +1
      Quote: Galich Kos
      Warm, in good ... An 8-hour working day, after work, a movie, a disco, a beer. If the US war went through the same rink as in the USSR, they were unlikely to be able to produce something

      At some military factories, shifts of 10 hours were introduced.
      1. Galich Kos
        Galich Kos 10 November 2015 19: 48 New
        +2
        Quote: goose
        At some military factories, shifts of 10 hours were introduced.



        Horrible! I wish my grandmother who graduated from grade 4 in the summer of 41 and from that summer to 1945 worked hard at the collective farm without days off and holidays without a standardized working day.
    3. nemets
      nemets 10 November 2015 21: 21 New
      0
      if they were touched they would give up - this is not a movie where they save the whole world
  11. Hello
    Hello 10 November 2015 11: 15 New
    +2
    Thanks to the author for very interesting photos, I especially liked the Christmas cookie good
    1. cth; fyn
      cth; fyn 10 November 2015 13: 26 New
      0
      Peeechenka!
  12. goose
    goose 10 November 2015 14: 58 New
    +3
    It was surprising that in mid-1944 there were only M4A2 on the conveyor, no perfect versions like M4A3E2 or M4A3 (76 mm) НВSS. As tank lovers like to compare. And this means that before the end of 1944 - the beginning of 1945, nothing but M4A2 could appear in Europe in any significant quantities.
  13. cosmos111
    cosmos111 10 November 2015 16: 37 New
    +3
    tanks were mass-produced and Canadians with Australians ...

    танк Valentin произведённые на заводе Pacific's Angus Shops in Montreal - Date/photographer unknown...
    total produced 3500 units. of this tank model for 90.000 Canadian $ ....

  14. grigor727
    grigor727 11 November 2015 22: 04 New
    0
    My grandfather was a turner, worked at the Putilovsky (Kirovsky factory), during the war he and the factory were evacuated to the Urals. So he had armor until the end of the war, and he made Zis-3 guns until the end of the war. He did not have an alarm clock in his family so the eldest daughter had to be on duty, not to sleep all night, so that in the morning she could wake her grandfather at work, it was impossible to oversleep! Could consider it desertion. So good specialists are always needed, children and women not all specialists could replace
  15. Miha86
    Miha86 13 November 2015 05: 45 New
    0
    Thanks to the author for the selection is very interesting.