Military Review

The strategic concept of the American plan for a large Arctic-Pacific "game"


Geostrategic tensions are developing at an incredibly fast pace in the Asia-Pacific region and its surroundings. A huge flagship economic and industrial world region at the same time turned into a grand conventional theater of operations between key and developing world superpowers, as well as regional superpowers, with dramatic differences in foreign policy and economic preferences.

The last, most significant and significant, military-political incident in this region was the arrival of the U.S. Navy destroyer USS “Lassen” in the South China Sea to the Spratly island archipelago, which crossed the 12-mile sea zone of Subi Reef, which is one of the territorial stumbling blocks between China on the one hand and the Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam, Taiwan and Brunei on the other. The situation was tense to the limit: the foreign affairs and military departments of the Celestial Empire reacted extremely sharply and quite reasonably to the unauthorized entry of an American ship fleet into the near sea zone of China’s strategic interests, even pointing out the possibility of an escalation of the conflict on the sea theater of the South China Sea, where, by the way, the Chinese Navy is in a slightly more advantageous position than in the Mariana Islands or the Indian Ocean.

From a global point of view, the maneuvering of the American destroyer Lassen does not change the strategic alignment of forces in this small region of Southeast Asia, but with a tactical and technical one is a very unpleasant and “harmful” incident, because as we know, the American destroyers of the class “Arley Burke ", In addition to the Idzhis IIC, they are equipped with a very powerful and productive sonar complex AN / SQQ-89 (V) 10, which is able to track a wide variety of underwater and surface objects, numerous in type and degree of noise Italic distances, including the far zone of acoustic illumination; and as you know, most Chinese atomic and diesel-electric submarines are not distinguished by a low degree of noise. In such conditions, even a single short-term pass of this destroyer will be able to provide the US Navy with a very detailed “picture” regarding the location and actions of the submarine component of the Chinese Navy, including even the acoustic sound of Chinese submarines for their simplified classification.

All the weaknesses of the Chinese Armed Forces, in the event of a military conflict with the "anti-Chinese bloc," we identified in our previous article; it is absolutely clear that if China is not supported by the Russian Federation and the CSTO, it will lose influence over all important sea transport routes that are located more than 1500 km from the coast of the Middle Kingdom.

“We do not have any opportunity to sit in the house”, because this problem has not only gone beyond the limits of the Asia-Pacific to the Indian Ocean, as shown by the Malabar-2015 US-Indian exercises, but in the near future it can also cover the Arctic that automatically unites the Russian Federation and China around a very difficult task - conditional control of the northern part of the Pacific Ocean, from which we are still far away. The “loss” of this part of the Pacific Ocean entails a huge reduction in the efficiency of the Russian Navy, and also seriously limits the ability to provide support for the Chinese Navy under the most unfavorable scenario.

US ambitions to dominate the North Pacific have been traced for several years. The initial impetus for shifting the priority operational-strategic direction of the US Navy to the northern part of the Pacific Ocean was undoubtedly the outbreak of the “Arctic race”, where the United States certainly did not want to miss its decent bank in the form of a solid territory of the continental shelf; but a little later, when China became a young and rapidly developing superpower in the APR, Washington saw a great many other positive aspects of the strategic nature of retaining control over this northern region, so now the United States more broadly appreciates the importance of the Bering Strait nautical doctrine.

In the winter of 2009, at the end of his reign, the Bush administration adopted a special adjustment for further actions of the US Armed Forces in the Arctic zone “NSPD 66 / HSPD 25”, which takes into account not only a serious increase in the underwater component and contingent of the US Navy in the Arctic seas and the Arctic Ocean, but and seal fighter patrol schedules aviation Air defense and air defense planes in the NORAD area of ​​responsibility, as well as a more serious attitude to the training of surface combat crews for operations in the far north, which became a real curiosity for American sailors, because the location of the main naval bases on the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of the continental states caused lack of proper preparation for operations in the Arctic zone, which is why only American submariners - crews of SSBNs of the Ohio, Virginia, Los Angeles and Sea Wolf classes l prepared for the "Arctic race." But the Americans are well aware that they will never succeed in surpassing the Russian Navy on our “Arctic bastion” (as they call the Kug Northern Fleet in the Northern Seas), the focus is on the Bering Sea region, which is the main link in the interchangeability between the North and the Pacific Russian fleets; its blocking by anti-submarine means of the US Navy, in the event of an escalation of the conflict between the PRC and the "anti-Chinese bloc", can seriously delay the approach of the Northern Fleet’s MAPL, and the Pacific Fleet alone will not be able to make a significant contribution to supporting the Chinese Navy, in addition, there is a direct threat to cooperation the above fleets, which calls into question the security of our state in times of crisis.

The crews of the American SSBNs and MAPL, in contrast to the sailors of surface ships, have a fairly high experience in performing the most complex operations in arctic conditions; in the photo, sailors clear the ice envelope before cutting the most modern American MAPL SSN-21 "Sea Wolf", which rose in the Arctic ice in June 2015


As you know, the US Department of Defense is ready to spend trillions of states on the implementation of its geostrategic ideas, and the question of domination in the Bering Sea makes it necessary to attract the maximum possible production resources and financial investments, because for the sufficient efficiency of the US Navy in the Bering Strait region, It is necessary to form a new full-fledged fleet with a powerful ship order directly on the coast of Alaska, which is now an absolutely unprepared field for STI. The construction of the most complex coastal infrastructure will take at least a dozen years, but according to US military experts, the game is worth it.

Already, the leadership of the state of Alaska, as well as the US Army Corps of Engineers, are examining the coast of the northern state for the deepest coastal sector for the possibility of basing warships of main classes (destroyer, missile cruiser, nuclear aircraft carrier). But at present, the port’s maximum depth is proud. Nome does not correspond to the draft of the main aircraft carriers of the American Nimitz class fleet (12,5 m), which indicates the need for artificial deepening of the seabed of this port. But it is absolutely not worthwhile to harbor the illusion that the Americans will lose precious years for the possibility of basing aircraft carriers, engaging in a significant deepening of this port. Everything is much simpler. The current port bottom in Nome, in fact, as in Port Clarence, is almost ready to create a powerful naval group of destroyers Arley Burke, cruisers Ticonderoga, littoral warships of the near-sea zone of class LCS and attack missile-artillery destroyers of the new generation "Zumwalt" ...., the group is very, very capable and will have outstanding abilities both in terms of air defense of the naval theater of operations, and in terms of delivering massed missile strikes with anti-ship and cruise missiles "Harpun" / "Tomahawk" with one modern anti-submarine patrols of the waters of the Bering Sea. Aviation cover will not be provided by deck aviation forces, but by powerful fighter wings based on the well-known Elmendorf-Richardson airbase, only 1000 km from Bering Strait, and aircraft carriers will perform more important combat operations in Southeast Asia or the Indian ocean, sly, is not it?

The largest airstrip of Anadyr Airport (3500х60 m), although adapted for use of any type of aircraft, its conversion into a full-fledged airbase will take several years, and the nearest full-fledged Yelizovo airbase is located more than 1500 km from the strait, which seriously increases the flying time of the fighter Air Defense Aviation, while the base in Elmendorf has been the most promising and technically sophisticated US Air Force in the North Pacific for several decades, with XNUM fighters deployed X-th generation F-5A and DRLO E-22C aircraft. It is logical to assume that it is the seaport and the airport of Anadyr that should become the main strategic objects for ensuring the security of the Northern Sea Route in the coming 3 years; but what to do before?

Link unobtrusive fighter 5-th generation F-22A "Raptor" on the runway of the airbase "Elmendorf-Richardson", Alaska

In order to control the Bering Sea and the strait of the same name, a mixed naval strike force will be required, which should have a sufficiently balanced armament complex capable of carrying out air defense-anti-missile defense, anti-missile defense and anti-ship missions. Ships with advanced air defense systems are urgently needed in the Pacific Fleet, since both American and Japanese destroyers and the cruisers Arleigh Burke, Congo / Atago and Ticonderoga will soon be transferred to a completely new type of anti-ship armament, which will be based on the low-profile LRASM anti-ship missiles . Their arsenals can be limited only by the modification of the MK41 UVPU, and reach several hundred in one KUG. The ESR of these missiles does not exceed 0,08 m 2, because of which the reflection of their massive strike can be carried out exclusively by multichannel and productive CZRKs of the C-300FM, “Poliment-Redut”, “Shtil-1”, “Pantsir-M1” types, therefore a serious threat to The US Navy will be represented here by air defense frigates of the 22350 Ave. and corvettes of the 20385 Ave. up to 5-7 ships. Their actions should be supported by a couple of multipurpose anti-ship nuclear submarines of the 949A Antey Ave. and 885 Alyen Ave. Such a composition will not allow Americans to freely block the strait, which is strategically important for the Russian Navy.

With regards to aviation support, it should be said that the MiG-31BM, deployed on the a / b "Yelizovo", have higher speed parameters than the American fighter aircraft, and therefore are able to reach the necessary lines of patrolling in the Bering Sea as quickly as the American F- 22A with closer a / b "Elmendorf-Richardson". As a temporary air base, the runway of the regional airport Markovo in the Anadyr region can be used. The airport is removed only 800 km from the Bering Strait, and its length 2428 meters will allow the use of IL-76MD transport aircraft, as well as all types of tactical aircraft in any variant and purpose of the armament suspension. Su-35S will remain the main means for achieving air superiority over American aircraft in the Far East, a large range, super-maneuverability and the most powerful Irbis-E radar will be relevant for about a couple of decades, so Su-35С will continue to serve along with perspective aviation complex 5-th generation T-50 PAK-FA.
In light of the introduction of the LRASM anti-aircraft missile into the Ajis American and Japanese ship complexes, the air defense capabilities of the Pacific Fleet of the Pacific Fleet of Russia are not sufficient for independent action in the Asia-Pacific region, and the Pacific Fleet needs constant cover by naval aviation (Su-30CM , IL-38H, etc.) and further replenishment of the ship staff, for this reason, maintaining control over the Bering Strait solves the strategic task of the operational transfer of the CCG from the North Atlantic, the Arctic region to the APR to support and the Pacific Fleet, and the creation of additional naval base in Chukotka (Anadyr State) to set a higher combat capability of the Pacific Fleet with a clear dispersion of the various classes of ships and the lack of temporary operational voids in the seaside theater.

One of the important directions of strengthening the defense capacity of the Navy is the modernization of the coastal component. In this area in the Far East, serious progress is already taking place: literally every month, the coastal parts of the fleet are replenished with sets of the BKSRK “Bastion”, “Ball”. The batteries form an insurmountable 300-kilometer defense line against enemy ships, the batteries themselves are under the protection of dozens of C-300PS and C-400 Triumph divisions, which makes the entire Far East infrastructure reliably protected, while for domination in the middle and distant maritime zones, it will take about 10 more years to build multi-purpose ships of new projects, which even in a smaller proportion will be many times better than Japanese and American ships with the Aegis system (concerns such Rabli as X. NUMX “Flurry” or X. NUMX “Admiral Gorshkov”).

The recent restoration of the Arctic military base from WFP to Fr. The boiler room (Novosibirsk Islands), which began on the order of V. Putin, once again confirms that Russia has already provided for all options for the development of events. On this base, an entire link of anti-submarine Il-38H and other types of naval aviation can be placed, which can control the situation in the Chukchi Sea (the northern side of the Bering Strait), where the appearance of the MAPL of the US Navy and the operation of American strategic aviation are most likely.

The actions of any large surface KUG of the Russian Navy in the northern seas will be as limited as possible without specialized reinforced ice class ships, which, in addition to performing the functions of an icebreaker, are capable of transporting thousands of tons of logistical support for both its own composition of the KUG and the naval base to which This grouping holds the way. In the photo, reinforced sea transport of 20180TV ave. “Akademik Kovalev”. Its displacement corresponds to the class "destroyer", and avionics corresponds to the most advanced domestic developments

Military base on about. The boiler room will not allow the US Armed Forces to retain control over the Bering Strait from the Chukchi Sea, and will also become a strategic point of material support for surface ships, submarines and aircraft of the Northern Fleet during long-distance Arctic campaigns.

The only question is only in the development of new combat and transport ships of the ice class, allowing fleets to carry out the entire list of Arctic tasks in virtually any meteorological conditions.
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Sirocco
    Sirocco 3 November 2015 06: 47
    Gentlemen, USA and USA, and what do we really know about Alaska? what objects of the US Defense Ministry are located there, what are they like? (Except for HAARP) After all, she’s a darling very close))))
    1. Maksus
      Maksus 3 November 2015 12: 08
      As a minimum, there is a joint base “Elmendorf-Richardson”, there is the Alaska Command of the US Armed Forces, the 11 Air Force, the Alaskan Command Zone NORAD, the 4th Brigade Tactical Group of the 25 Infantry Division (they have Strikers), 673 -th wing serving the air base, 3-th wing, Alaskan army, the Joint task force "Alaska", 381-th reconnaissance squadron. Plus a missile defense base in Fort Greeley.
  2. EFA
    EFA 3 November 2015 07: 26
    What? Again? Again offer to harness for China? I believe that China may well take care of itself militarily. Yes, you can use intelligence data, but nothing more, let them pick their sandbox there.

    They are already old enough to hammer a scoop between the eyes between the cakes, if anyone suddenly selects these cakes.
    1. ava09
      ava09 3 November 2015 09: 00
      Quote: EFA
      What? Again? Again offer to harness for China?

      God grant that such "strategists" are not among the decision-makers ...-)
  3. alex-cn
    alex-cn 3 November 2015 07: 43
    Again offer to harness for China?
    DO NOT harness for China, just for some reason I have confidence that if China and the United States mate in the North Pacific, we are unlikely to be able to sit quietly.
    1. Semen Semyonitch
      Semen Semyonitch 3 November 2015 11: 14
      Quote: alex-cn
      if China and the US mate in the North Pacific

      Why does China need the North Pacific?
      1. Denis DV
        Denis DV 3 November 2015 11: 32
        They will run the fleet of Americans there. laughing
        1. Semen Semyonitch
          Semen Semyonitch 3 November 2015 12: 45
          Quote: Denis DV
          They will run the fleet of Americans there. laughing

          There their Eskimos will finish with oars. laughing
    2. ava09
      ava09 3 November 2015 12: 57
      [quote = alex-cn] DO NOT harness for China, just for some reason I have confidence that if China and the United States mate in the North Pacific, we are unlikely to be able to sit quietly.

      If the United States catches up with someone to the north of the Yellow Sea, then only with us ...
  4. cniza
    cniza 3 November 2015 08: 32
    This region will be very stressful in the near future.
    Quote: Sirocco
    Gentlemen, USA and USA, and what do we really know about Alaska? what objects of the US Defense Ministry are located there, what are they like? (Except for HAARP) After all, she’s a darling very close))))

    Specialists, I want to believe, know and plan their activities taking into account the potential of the United States.
  5. glavnykarapuz
    glavnykarapuz 3 November 2015 09: 04
    Purely fantasize.
    So if you return Alaska, where will the US end up?
    1. Stiletto
      Stiletto 3 November 2015 10: 28
      Quote: glavnykarapuz
      Purely fantasize.
      So if you return Alaska, where will the US end up?

      This is nothing more than childhood fantasies. We need to think about how not to lose the Far East "if something happens," and how to strengthen it against military and non-military threats (moreover, non-military threats are sometimes more relevant than purely military scenarios).
      1. KaPToC
        KaPToC 4 November 2015 18: 08
        Quote: Stiletto
        We need to think about how not to lose the Far East "if something happens," and how to strengthen it from military and non-military threats

        The loss of the Far East is due to the loss of Manchuria. "Thanks" to the democrats, now not 120 million Chinese would live in Manchuria, but 50-60 million Russians, and the question of retaining the Far East would not even arise.
  6. dojjdik
    dojjdik 3 November 2015 09: 50
    that’s good, let trillions be thrown into the wind, and meanwhile, we will gradually develop Arctic oil; and all their carriers are expensive bullshit
    1. sa-ag
      sa-ag 3 November 2015 10: 10
      Quote: dojjdik
      in the meantime, we will gradually develop Arctic oil

      Yeah, but it’s expensive, at a price of less than $ 100, it’s not profitable in any way, and considering that the Norwegian platform was involved there with the staff, this is an even more distant future
  7. lablizn
    lablizn 3 November 2015 10: 14
    The article is extensive, but somewhat unintelligible. The whole Asia-Pacific region was piled into a heap.
    Where is China, and where is the Bering Strait? Where are the Philippines and where is the Sea of ​​Okhotsk?
    In Russia, direct interests do not go further than the northern part of the Sea of ​​Japan and the Kuril ridge. The Bering Strait, of course, is a strategic route, but it is not included in the doctrine of China’s military presence in the Pacific.
    Here we with the "Yankes" ourselves will have to disentangle.
  8. 31rus
    31rus 3 November 2015 10: 25
    The article is correct, even in the spring I wrote about the same thing, the Americans did not even leave either the Arctic or Alaska, but on the contrary either increased or temporarily "preserved" their presence, you think the USSR for "research", spent huge money for the development of remote regions of the North, islands, the Arctic, the Pacific Basin? Yes, no matter how exactly the threats dictated such a policy, a whole system was created and developed (military, economic, within the political), now we are just beginning to return the lost, collapsed. Will there be enough time and forces another vlpros
  9. Semen Semyonitch
    Semen Semyonitch 3 November 2015 10: 42
    Immediately make a reservation, far from large-scale planning of strategic operations of a universal scale. But there are a number of questions to the article, and maybe there will be people who will shed light on my gaps in this area .... So ...
    1. The author implies the transfer of forces of the Northern Fleet to help the Pacific Fleet. I understand that hostilities will be conducted with the United States and its satellites? That is, in his opinion, the forces of the Federation Council are unnecessary? Or will NATO "smoke bamboo" at this time? If you drive the fleet from theater to theater, then how can one group be strengthened by weakening the other?
    .. therefore, a serious threat to the American Navy will be represented by air defense frigates of Project 22350 and corvettes of Project 20385 in the amount of up to 5-7 ships. Their actions should be supported by a couple of three multipurpose anti-ship nuclear submarines, pr. 949A Antey and pr.885 “Ash”.
    Is it really that serious? Which group will confront them? There is one Japan, in my opinion, 10 times more. Again, correct, if that ...
    2. Well, and the last ... The author implies such a separate theater of operations that will not go into the global exchange of vigorous loaves? Again, I doubt it very much ... hi
  10. Belousov
    Belousov 3 November 2015 11: 25
    Unfortunately, our capabilities in the Pacific Fleet (both in the surface part and in the form of aviation) are not as wide as those on the western borders. And it is necessary to develop them there.
  11. Shooting
    Shooting 3 November 2015 12: 16
    Already wrote, but I repeat. Now there is an extension of the American fist. If the USSR did this in one person and can be said to be torn, now all our allies, and not only allies, are involved in this process. America in order not to lose its status needs military superiority in all sectors. And such zones have been created quite a few and will be created, to the vantage point:

    -China (APR)
    -Near East
    -Central America
    -North Africa

    These are only grains now.
    In the future it will be supplemented - I think this is the Central Asian region, Central Africa, South Africa.
    Is there enough strength to be the strongest everywhere?
    Show slack in one place - crumble like a house of cards.

    So we see a deliberate undermining of the stony component of America’s power.
    And you don't even need to fight, just create as many hotbeds of "concern" for the "Exceptional" as possible and their "pride" will do its job.
    1. Awaz
      Awaz 3 November 2015 20: 20
      well, it's debatable. The US has such a military budget that all this "stretching" is nothing for them. Worse, they can start thinking and limiting cuts and doing real military work.
  12. Megatron
    Megatron 3 November 2015 14: 27
    I wonder how it is, a conflict between Russia and the "anti-Chinese coalition", are we going to fight Vietnam, because of some Chinese interests?
  13. dvg79
    dvg79 3 November 2015 14: 29
    But the question of Alaska must be raised, at least as opposed to the Yukos case.
  14. mvg
    mvg 3 November 2015 18: 35
    How will the Federation Council help China? Petya and Kuzey? 2-3 pcs 949A of the project? Not funny. Against half a dozen Japanese submarines (almost the best diesel engines in the world), 30-40 Virginias and Los Angeles? 30-40 Berkami, 10-Com Tikanderogo, and 5-6 South Korean destroyers, who are cooler than Burke. How much aviation do we have there? And airfields?
    The Pacific Fleet is even better, the Varyag guardsman and the project 956 destroyer .. What are the 20-30 frigates? We don't have so many of them in all the fleets .. Only Aegis and Daring'i possess real air defense / missile defense orders. Fort-M is a very specific S-300, it will not withstand attacks from 3 directions (and axes can fly with zips). Polymet-Redoubt? Pantsir-M? And who saw them in combat? The redoubt is not finished, the Carapace is worth billions ...
    So if that’s what it will be, then it’s time to decide globally, as always .. And there will already be a little one whose Alaska, and where the Sea of ​​Okhotsk or the Indian Ocean.
    1. KaPToC
      KaPToC 4 November 2015 18: 15
      Quote: mvg
      How will the SF help China? Petey and Kuzey?

      Do you think marine carriers of weapons, and you must consider the weapon itself - count cruise missiles.
  15. Awaz
    Awaz 3 November 2015 20: 15
    how many times it has already been said that money should not be invested in aircraft carriers, but in the infrastructure of airfields and bases along the perimeter, especially in "tank-hazardous" directions. It is not possible to surpass a potential enemy even in the distant future in terms of the Navy, so we must use what we have with maximum efficiency. Air defense is our everything, you need to do everything so that a potential aggressor would have no illusions.
    The Chinese do not need to be helped by any military forces, in any way, only, if something happens, diplomatically and slightly interfere with those who "twitch" at the Chinese, creating nervousness wherever we can.
  16. Cook
    Cook 3 November 2015 20: 16
    Something the author makhanul regarding the use of an airfield in the village of Markovo as a temporary air base. I flew on the An-24 in those parts, the strip there is long but unpaved, it becomes very wet during precipitation. And the IL-76 there landed only a few times as an experiment, in the deep winter on rolled snow. There is no question of year-round use, and even tactical aviation. As such a base, it would be better to choose the Cape Schmidt airport, runway 2500x60 with a concrete coating. And for the Navy, it seems to me that a very good place is Providence Bay. There, after the war, the mountain rifle corps was based there.
  17. Megatron
    Megatron 3 November 2015 22: 33
    Honestly, any major military conflict between China and a third party is just a celebration for us.
    China is very rich and solvent. Money will flow to us like a river.

    But to intervene openly on his side is the height of idiocy.
  18. NIKNN
    NIKNN 3 November 2015 22: 34
    Regarding aviation support, it is worth saying that the MiG-31BM deployed on the Elizovo airbase have higher speed parameters than American fighter aircraft, and therefore are able to reach the necessary lines of patrolling in the Bering Sea as quickly as the American F- 22A with a closer a / b "Elmendorf-Richardson".

    Evgeny, judging by the article, you are a good specialist in the field of problems concerning the Navy, read the article with interest "+" solid.
    Allow me to correct with regards to aviation. The MiG31 and the 5th generation F22 plane are absolutely incorrect; cruising speed (economical mode at maximum speed to overcome the maximum distance for the first 900 km / h is true, and for the second supersonic 1500-1800 km / h. MiG 31 is capable of developing at an altitude of 17500 m -3000 (M = 2.82) which can be used to attack the target, when using supersonic, it will not even reach the duty zone without refueling
    Combat range, km
    when flying to at supersonic speed 720
    when flying at a subsonic speed of 1200
    when flying at subsonic speed with the PTB 1400
    when flying with M = 1 one refueling 2000
    Duration of barrage, h
    with air refueling 6
    without refueling 3.5
    Best regards hi
    1. MMX
      MMX 4 November 2015 21: 03
      true cruising speed (economy mode at maximum speed to overcome the maximum distance at the first 900 km / h true

      Do not tell me a link to the "true" indicators?
      1. NIKNN
        NIKNN 7 November 2015 16: 24
        Instructions for use aircraft.