When Russia supported Syria, many noticed the obvious: the similarity in the names of the two countries, as if talking about a certain kinship of our peoples. Traces of their proximity can really be found in stories. It was the memory of the Russian soul that called us to help the Syrians on the land of our ancestors. Therefore we are at war.
“The emergence of Russia as a state is like a lightning,” writes Alexander Peresvet in his work “Slavs and Russ according to Arab sources”. “There was nothing just on the vast Eastern European plains, except for the endless forests and legends about the peoples inhabiting them. And suddenly the swords of the Varangian squad sparkle - and in the place of this ethnically-geographical form the huge state appears - an area with good France. For twenty years, some Varangians - not known to anyone in Western Europe - not only captured the second such Europe, but also created a powerful state here, almost conquering Constantinople itself! ”
Where did the tribe with such drive come from?
Russ not Slavs
The temptation to withdraw Rus from the Slavs is understandable. But sources do not confirm this version. So, the Byzantine emperor Konstantin Bagryanogidny directly contrasts the Russian and Slavic names of the Dnieper rapids. The references to the Russes among the Arabs and Persians are found in the stories about the events of the 5th – 7th centuries. Rurik - the founder of the ancient Russian state - is called the Varangian in them. For some reason, we have assumed that the Vikings are Scandinavians. But the connection between the Rus and the Scandinavians is refuted by Ibn Ruste, who in 903 – 913's work reports that the leader of the Rus was the Khakan. This Eastern concept does not apply to the leaders of the Scandinavians or Western Slavs.
The following testimony comes from 920 from Ibn Fadlan, who personally saw the Rus, spoke directly with them and did not notice anything in common with the Slavs in their rites, clothes and weapons.
Based on the analysis of relevant Arabic communications, Peresvet concludes that the Slavs preceded the Rus in the Eastern European space. The relations between them in the perception of the Arabs experienced several stages:
hostility and aggression by the Rus,
the occupation of the Slavs by the Rus,
gradual fusion in customs and rites,
Transferring the name of the Rus to the Slavs.
Russes and Slavs merged only under Vladimir the Holy in the X century. Before that, they remained an independent people, well known in Germany. German chroniclers called them Rugi. The merger process, which began in the 9th century, was long and thorny.
In general, on the basis of the analysis, Peresvet comes to the following:
1. Both Western and Eastern authors generally separate the Slavs from the Rus.
2. Judging by the complex of archaeological and chronicle sources, the lands of the Eastern Slavs were seized in the 860-ies by the peoples, who were called Rus.
3. According to Arab sources, there was a gradual merger of the Rus and Slavs, as a result of which the Russian people emerged.
The builders of Jerusalem
The Arab geographer and cartographer Al-Idrisi, who lived and worked in Palermo, argued that the Ruses in prayers called themselves Urus. Urus in Turkic means Russian. Tatars spoke Russian or Urus. These words are part of the two names of one city in the Middle East - Ruskhalimum (according to the ancient Egyptian manuscripts) and Urusalim (in the Tel-El-Amarn archive documents).
The second part in these names, Halim or Alim in Arabic, means good, meek, wise, anointed by God.
Rus-Halimum or Urus-Alim - the ancient names of Jerusalem.
Jebus is another name found in the Old Testament. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia writes: "Jebus is the same as Jerus." The prefixe in Aramaic means holy, sacred, priest.
The tribe of Jebusites owned the city and is considered its founder. But since Jebus and Jerus are one and the same, then Jebusites are Jerusai.
Historians have no consensus about the origin of this tribe, which is repeatedly mentioned in the Old Testament as the indigenous people of Jerusalem. The name goes back to the Aramaic language, since it was spoken by the inhabitants of Palestine, Galilee and Damascus. The speakers of this language were the Aramese - this was the name given to a group of Semitic tribes who roamed mostly on the territory of modern Syria. From this it follows that the Rus and Syrians were close tribes who lived in the Middle East, where Aramaic became the common language of communication.
Rushalim (Urusalim) was also called Zion. The Ruses founded this city at the end of the 3rd millennium BC and owned it before the Israelis, who seized it by force.
Archaeologists were surprised by the technology used by the builders of Jerusalem. Historians write that at the base of the walls of the city, and in particular of the Jerusalem Western Wall (Wailing Walls), which stood without solution for about three thousand years, are huge blocks, weighing 40 – 60 tons, ground at the junctions and fitting to each other (in the gap between they do not even pass a sheet of paper). Similarly built the temple of Jupiter in Balbec. Some sections of its base weigh 800 – 1000 tons. This construction exceeds the pyramid of Cheops, the largest granite blocks of which weigh 50 – 80 tons. Thus, the builders of Jerusalem - the Rus (Jebusites) was an ancient highly developed civilization.
Among the Jebusites mentioned in the Bible is Orna (Arona, Adon). The word “adon” is related to the meaning of the lord, the king. There is a version that he was the last king of Jerusalem before the Israelis captured him. King Orna bought a barn from Orna, where he made an altar. At this place the son of David, King Solomon, later built the first temple in Jerusalem.
The tribes of Judah and Benjamin did not succeed in driving out the Jebusites from Jerusalem. The city was taken by King David, but he could not remove the indigenous people from it. Therefore, the Jebusites remained to live among the Israelites together with the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. But in the 8th – 7th centuries BC, the captivity and resettlement of the tribes of Israel took place, which was accomplished by the Assyria who defeated them, and then continued by Babylon. What was the fate of the Rus (Jebusites)?
From one mother and father
Apparently, many of them remained in Judea or returned there. But most of the Rus, along with the exiled tribes of Israel, left their land. Their trail can be searched by referring to geographic names. On the territory of Chechnya, for example, there is a place Urus-Martan, that is, Russian Martan (“Martan” is the word meaning abundance, abundant food).
The territory of Chechnya, as is known, was part of the Khazar Kaganate. Nina Vasilyeva in the book “Russian Khazaria” cites the following excerpt from the anonymous Arabic source “Collection of Stories” (1126 year): “It is also said that Rus and Khazar were from the same mother and father. Then Rus grew up and since he did not have a place that he would have liked, he wrote a letter to Khazar and asked that part of his country to settle there. ”
That is, Rus and Khazar were perceived as kindred tribes, and above all because they spoke the same language (after all, one wrote another letter). They could have been Aramaic, rooted in Old Quana, spoken by the Ruses, and perceived by the tribes of Israel.
Lev Gumilyov wrote: “The power in the Khazar Kaganate belonged to the Jews of Radanit (that is, the merchants from the tribe of Dan. - T. G.), who were not connected in any way with the Khazars. In the IX – X centuries, the ruling elite of the Khazars became a socio-political chimera. ”
The Khazarokratia formed by the Radanite merchants began to worship idols, in particular the golden calf. Shlomo Zand writes: “In the period when Khazars adopted Judaism, copies of the Talmud were still very rare, which allowed many proselytes to return to ancient cults, and sometimes to practices such as sacrifices.” This Judaism, which the ruling elite began to impose in Khazaria, had nothing to do with the Old Testament teaching of Moses. And this “Judaism of faith”, as stated in the Bakhshi Iman chronicle, caused a protest by the Uruses.
The period of 839 – 840 in Khazaria was marked by the intensification of the civil war, which, according to the annals of 1229 – 1246, was exclusively religious in nature and represented the struggle of two different Kagan clans. One professed Judaism, the other remained loyal to Tengriism. The war was waged for power, but in the name of the victory of Judaism and its establishment in the Khazar state as a state religion.
The civil war was accompanied by the resettlement of the Rus in the territory already mastered by the Slavic tribes, as well as separation from the Khazars. The point of no return was the assassination of the leader of the Urus uprising in 840. Almost at the same time, in 839, the first mention of the Rus people and their ruler, who is called kagan (Khakan), appears in some Western and Arabic sources. This is how a state formation appears, which will be called the Russian Kaganate - Primordial Rus (Dorurikovskaya Rus). At the same time, the Ruses began to be mentioned in the chronicle sources as a separate people, and their leader was called the Khagan, which corresponds to the status of an independent supreme ruler in the tradition of ancient Jerusalem.
Among the options for the location of the Russian Khaganate, various historians call the Middle Dnieper, the Slavic north (Ladoga — the Rurikovo settlement in Novgorod — Rostov — Staraya Russa), the Azov region, the region from the Left Bank of the Dnieper to the Middle Don and Upper Oka, the Don Region. In the 10th century, the Black Sea in the Arabic language from Khazar turns into Russian.
From this it follows that the Russian Khaganate included a part of the territory inhabited by the Rus, which had separated from Khazaria as a result of the civil war. It also includes the territories occupied by Slavic tribes, where the Ruses moved to fleeing from the war. Such a spatial variation indicates that the Russian Khaganate should be understood as the totality of state entities created by the Rus, headed by the kagan, according to ancient Eastern tradition.
Traces of the Rus (Uruses, Jebusites) we also find in the territory of Moldova and Transnistria. Thus, in Moldova, the surname Russu is in the first place by distribution, Russnak is no less popular, and in the same place in the south of Ukraine the surname Turcan is quite frequent, consonant with the name of the Hagan Rusa Chekana, which is mentioned in the Bertinsky annals.
The Rus (Ieva-sei) who lived in Canaan were engaged in trade. According to the Old Testament, merchants are sometimes referred to as the Canaanites. It is characteristic that the word “Varyag” (the self-name of the ancient Rus) meant a merchant, merchant, warrior, defender of the faith, armed guardian of the territory of Russia.
“The first credible mention of Rusas in Arab-Persian literature,” writes the medievalist Elena Melnikova, “is connected with the description of the route of the Rus merchants from Eastern Europe to Baghdad and Constantinople. This message belongs to the author of the IX century Ibn Hordadbeh. Climbing along the Don, and then descending down the Volga, merchants, Russes fell into the Caspian Sea, where they landed with goods "on any bank." According to Ibn Hordadbeh, the merchants of the Rus claimed that they were Christians, and on the territory of the Caliphate they paid a poll payment from the Gentiles in the Muslim states. ”
Russian-Vikings and founded the Russian statehood - Russia.
After the defeat of the Khazars, its rulers, the Radanity merchants from the tribe of Dan, who worshiped the golden calf, fled to Europe and, thanks to their huge money, were able to bring the royal houses of Europe under control.
In the New Testament among the tribes of Israel that will be saved in finite times, only the tribe of Dan is not mentioned. According to the prophecies, the antichrist will come from him and it will lead him to power. It is with this force that we encountered today in Syria.