Military Review

October 28 - the day of the creation of the national army aviation

The date of October 28, 1948 was the starting point for the creation of the domestic army aviation. It was on this day that the first aviation army squadron was formed, the place of deployment of which was Serpukhov near Moscow. This was the country's first helicopter division of the Air Force, officially named the 26th OUTAE (separate training aviation squadron).

The selection of personnel in the formed unit was fairly tough. For the 26 training squadron, experienced pilots of assault and fighter aviation combat regiments were selected, many of whom had time to prove themselves during the Great Patriotic War. However, among the pilots involved in the service were very young people. But it was really strong young people who had already managed to show their capabilities while serving on Il-2 and Il-10 aircraft. One of the representatives of the young officers was Yegor Milyutichev, a senior lieutenant who had previously served as an instructor in an aviation school.

The name of Yegor Filippovich is closely connected with the formation of the Soviet helicopter school, which subsequently received serious development. In particular, Egor Milyutichev led the work on the conversion of pilots for the operation of new types of helicopters entering the squadron. The flights of the pilots were carried out in a variety of weather conditions. There was a special training program for driving cars at night.

It should be noted that one of the first rotary-winged aircraft arriving at the 26 OUTAE was the G-3 helicopters, built on the basis of Omega. These helicopters could perform the functions of artillery spotters. The designer of the helicopters, Ivan Pavlovich Bratukhin, tried to create a machine, the operation of the engines of which allowed for the implementation of very maneuvers of considerable complexity.

October 28 - the day of the creation of the national army aviation

For information on the technical characteristics of the helicopters G-3, which was one of the first working machines in the Serpukhov squadron of army aviation:

diameter of rotors - 7 m;
length - 8,2 m;
width - 14,2 m;
empty helicopter weight - 2195 kg;
take-off weight - 2600 kg;
engine type - Pratt Whitney R-2 AN-985 1 piston engine with about 450 HP each;
maximum speed - 170 km / h;
cruising speed - 146 km / h;
practical range - 233 km;
practical ceiling - 2500 m;
static ceiling - 1400 m;
crew - 1 people;
payload - 1 passenger.

Two and a half years after the creation of the 26 th OUTAE, Mi-1 helicopters appeared in its structure. This is a multi-purpose rotary-wing machine, which became the first production helicopter in the Soviet Union. It was in the Serpukhov squadron that the trial operation of the Mi-1 began. One of the training flights, which has developed quite dramatically, is described in the archival literature of the 26 squadron:

In November, 1951 I flew a triangular route in the clouds. With me in the crew was a pilot, acting navigator. At the height of 900 m, we were in a zone of intense icing. The cabin of the helicopter quickly became covered with ice. Turns of the screw have sharply decreased, controllability has worsened. Then, judging by the readings of the instruments (artificial horizon and speed indicator), the helicopter fell to the left with a steep dive. I switch to the autorotation mode and reject the controls to take it out of the dive, but it continues, the helicopter does not react to the rudder deflection. I think - it is necessary to leave the car, the hand reaches for the door handle. But ... suddenly I see the ground through the window - we fell out of the clouds! Height 600 m. Visually, there is a slow exit from a dive. At the height of 250 m managed to bring the helicopter in a horizontal flight. While flying to the airfield for about twenty minutes and after landing, there was still 5 mm of ice on the leading edges of the blades. On the debriefing, it was decided to fly in the clouds when the slightest signs of icing appear, immediately leaving the clouds.

Unfortunately, during the test flights on the Mi-1 was not without tragic incidents. So, the helicopter could not be taken out of the dive after icing of the screws in the clouds to the pilot Yakov Cherenkov, he died during a test flight. This incident was the cause of the most serious proceedings and the beginning of the development of a system that prevents the formation of ice crust on the propeller blades. In the Mil Design Bureau such a system was developed, and all helicopters of the USSR Army Aviation began to be equipped with it.

While in the 50 of the 20th century, helicopter aviation was still considered auxiliary, and all major air operations were to be carried out by assault, fighter and bomber aircraft, then the situation began to change after 10-15. With the help of the designers, the helicopters became real combat units, capable of performing various tasks in the sky. And the appearance of attack helicopters was a new milestone in the development of army aviation, which predetermined the way for a whole direction of helicopter technology, following which Russia surpasses competing states in a number of parameters.

For many years history Army aviation helicopter crews performed tasks in various parts of the world. These are both hot spots on the map of Russia itself, as well as operations in foreign countries, including Afghanistan, Georgia, and others. They carry out the combat missions set for them and the pilots of the Russian Aerospace Forces grouping in Syria.

Russian Army Aviation takes part in United Nations peacekeeping missions.

The army aviation of the Russian Aerospace Forces is armed with helicopters of various types and modifications. These are Mi-24, Mi-26, Mi-28Н “Night Hunter”, the indispensable Mi-8 with its numerous upgraded versions.

These are the Ka-50 "Black Shark" and the Ka-52 "Alligator".

Special versions of helicopters are also produced. For example, such as maneuverable cargo and cargo Ka-226.

It became known that at the international exhibition-fair FIHAV-2015, which will be held in Havana, the Russian Helicopters holding company will present the development of the Mi-38, which is positioned as a civilian model, but its capabilities as a helicopter are also focused.

"Military Review" congratulates the army aviation servicemen and profession veterans on their professional holiday!
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  1. siberko
    siberko 28 October 2015 06: 05
    We congratulate you on your professional holiday, we wish you a peaceful sky and good health to you and your families drinks
    1. Sweles
      Sweles 28 October 2015 08: 08
      such a holiday turned out to be specific — not peaceful, an aviation operation is underway. All to complete combat missions and stay alive. It would be nice to see the KA-52 in action.
    2. Sweles
      Sweles 28 October 2015 08: 08
      such a holiday turned out to be specific — not peaceful, an aviation operation is underway. All to complete combat missions and stay alive. It would be nice to see the KA-52 in action.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 28 October 2015 06: 07
    The missions assigned to them and the pilots of the Russian Aerospace Forces in Syria.
    Work well! Happy holiday! drinks
  3. Tatar 174
    Tatar 174 28 October 2015 06: 17
    It is a pity that Sikorsky was once forced to leave ... But Russia is rich in talents and still we have the best helicopters and airplanes in the world. Happy holiday to you, Dear!
  4. Vityok
    Vityok 28 October 2015 06: 20
    Happy Holidays! love drinks
  5. AlNick
    AlNick 28 October 2015 06: 35
    The whole village does not sleep - is baptized
    A mill flies over the village
    And in that mill all the fellows
    Helicopter pilots are passing by ...

    Happy professional holiday !!!

  6. Just BB
    Just BB 28 October 2015 06: 42
    Happy Holiday !!!

    It is good that he ceases to be "with tears in his eyes", but has not yet dried up - it is still far from the past: when, with each SV division, there was OVE fire support, and with the army, OVP. What strategist came up with that this is superfluous?
    And also: in 1982 we received in Arseniev about 20 new Mi-24Vs - monthly production factory
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. creak
      creak 28 October 2015 09: 49
      Quote: Just BB
      It is good that he ceases to be "with tears in his eyes", but has not yet dried up - it is still far from the past: when, with each SV division, there was OVE fire support, and with the army, OVP. What strategist came up with that this is superfluous?

      I can tell the names of these strategists - the then Minister of Defense S. Ivanov (the current head of the Presidential Administration) with the submission of the Kvashnin NGSH ...
      The transfer of army aviation to the Air Force seriously came down to us in the war 08.08.08. with Georgia ... After that, as always, after scratching our turnips, we decided to play everything back ... what
  7. Billikid
    Billikid 28 October 2015 06: 48
    Happy holiday guys. I know firsthand that you are guardian angels for infantry. Good luck and health to your families.
  8. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx 28 October 2015 07: 17
    Guys, happy holiday! soldier
  9. sa-zz
    sa-zz 28 October 2015 07: 19
    The main distinguishing feature of army aviation is the moral and combat qualities of Russian pilots. These are people who know what honor and duty are.

    Do not hold ovations
    on an aviation holiday
    on the day of brave pilots -
    navigators heights.
    Congratulations, dear,
    you silver wings
    conquered the sky -
    golden people.
    May you love it brightly
    everything in the world will come true
    and treasured ways
    pass through life.
    Heaven is high for you
    dear falcons
    and good thanks
    for hard work!
  10. Support
    Support 28 October 2015 07: 21
    Author. Well, I don't see "Shark" in the photo. Ka-52 yes, but they are both. And of course - guys !! Happy Holidays to all of you! Good luck with everything!
  11. belroni
    belroni 28 October 2015 07: 58
    Happy holidays, you guys!
  12. cniza
    cniza 28 October 2015 07: 59
    One of the best schools is the Russian one with history and legendary traditions. Happy holiday!
  13. belroni
    belroni 28 October 2015 08: 07
    It is a pity KVATU in 2008 disbanded. Such a school was.
  14. ilyaches
    ilyaches 28 October 2015 08: 20
    Guys - happy holiday!
  15. avt
    avt 28 October 2015 08: 50
    Of course, happy holiday!
  16. a.hamster55
    a.hamster55 28 October 2015 08: 56
    I congratulate all those involved from Torzhok! Health and Good Luck! drinks
  17. Svetlana
    Svetlana 28 October 2015 09: 07
    Happy Army Aviation!
  18. Batia
    Batia 28 October 2015 09: 10
    Happy flyers! Thank you for your support, courage, and courage.
  19. Misha Honest
    Misha Honest 28 October 2015 10: 16
    Happy holiday Defenders of Peaceful Sky! Health and good luck in everything, as well as more kids!)
    1. WUA 518
      WUA 518 28 October 2015 10: 36
      Happy Holiday! Photo from the teachings of 1973. I remember him since childhood, hung in the class of NVP.
  20. lazy
    lazy 28 October 2015 13: 02
    I join in the congratulations!!! Trees, birds, wires - this is the flight profile of an AA pilot! (just in case, I’ll clarify that they don’t crash there, so the band’s flight is sometimes heard on the air)
  21. Rock616
    Rock616 28 October 2015 16: 06
    Happy Lituns! drinks
  22. Tolianych
    Tolianych 28 October 2015 18: 42
    With the holiday, I note one, the current kid with the Airborne Forces of the current that asked for support ... everything is as usual ..) asked for support ... everything is as usual ..)
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  26. not main
    not main 28 October 2015 21: 21
    Happy holiday friends!