Military Review

Distribution of IG is based on oil and drugs

23
Distribution of IG is based on oil and drugsExploration of Iraq released fresh data on how many earns IG on the illegal sale of oil. The main beneficiary of this contraband is called Turkey. However, the export of oil is not the only way to earn money for the richest of the terrorist organization in the world.


The Islamic State (IG, the activity of this organization is banned in Russia) receives monthly income from the sale of Syrian and Iraqi oil in the amount of 50 million dollars. These are the latest Iraqi intelligence data, reports AP.

According to her, Islamists currently control 253 oil wells in Syria, of which more than 160 are in working condition. This gives about 30 thousand barrels of oil per day in Syria and from 10 to 20 thousand barrels in Iraq. That is a total of 40 – 50 thousand barrels per day.
Earlier it was reported that IG controls seven fields in Syria, plus two in Iraq. Literally at the beginning of September, Damascus reported that IG terrorists seized the Jazal oil field - the last of those that remained under the control of official Damascus.

Estimates of oil production by terrorists vary significantly. IG revenues from oil exports in 2014 were estimated twice as high - in 100 million dollars. Recently, the Russian blogger Spydell, who does not officially disclose his name, but refers in his materials to a study of official sources and secret documents, points to large volumes of oil supplies by terrorists and, accordingly, to even higher revenues from its sale.

According to him, the volume of supply is about 100 – 150 thousand barrels per day with a price of about 25 dollars per barrel, as the oil brings terrorists at least 2,5 million dollars a day. From his data, almost 900 million dollars in revenues from the export of contraband oil accumulates over the year.

But we must understand that due to the military situation, oil production may be unstable. In any case, in terms of the total world market, even 100 thousand barrels are scanty volumes that may have a weak effect on world oil prices. For comparison, only the three largest oil producers - Saudi Arabia, Russia and the USA - produce 33,9 million barrels per day, and only 88,7 million barrels are mined per day (according to BP data for 2014 a year).


The path of Russian cruise missiles from the Caspian Sea to targets in Syria
How does oil smuggling IG

Oil revenues are the major source for militants financing. Therefore, a terrorist organization not only protects the oil infrastructure controlled by the regions, but also to buy new equipment and invite foreign experts in the oil industry, said the AP.

Last year, for example, there was a vacancy in the Network Manager, which must be able to control production and refining. Terrorists have promised to pay him 255 thousand. Dollars per year, or 21 thousand. Dollars a month, wrote The Times.

In this regard, the IG looks like a large corporation. With one significant caveat - its activities are illegal, oil production and sales - this is only a source of income for the army of militants, and managers working for terrorists do not always survive. Hence, such a high salary.
However, The Times assured that to attract Western oil specialists and such earnings are not enough, rather, it is designed to attract local oil industry workers. At first, the employees were forced to work, threatening to kill their families, and now they were offered a “carrot”, the British press asserted. The reason - in the reduction of staff due to the constant battles.

In the buyers of contraband oil, the terrorists have no end. Because they sell it with huge discounts. Almost two years ago, when a barrel of oil in the legal market was still worth 100 dollars, IG was selling a barrel with an 75-percent discount. Now, when the barrel costs around 40 – 50 dollars, in some cases, terrorists sell oil at 35 dollars, but sometimes they have to lower prices to 10 dollars, notes AP.

"The main sales go to Turkey through the protection of the CIA channels in the United States," said the blogger Spydell.

Also smuggled oil is being transported to Jordan and to Iran through Kurdistan. Moreover, the IG in the literal sense carries oil and petroleum products on cars to nearby regions. They process part of the extracted black gold in the captured oil refineries in the territories under their control. Terrorists also create artisanal distilleries to be important for war. weapon - fuel. Thus, they provide fuel for themselves and the population, and also for sale, apparently, sometimes remains. That is why fierce battles are often fought over the territory where the refineries are located. For a couple of years, battles have been going on constantly in Baidji (200 km from Baghdad), where the largest oil refinery is located. The plant then passes into the hands of terrorists, then returns to the control of government forces.


Who is friends with whom and is fighting in Syria and Iraq

AP source in American circles says that energy infrastructure, as well as equipment for processing and transportation of oil supply to terrorists all the same governments in the region, including Turkey, are buying cheap smuggled oil from the IG.

Other sources of income IG

The sale of oil is one of the main sources of revenue, but far from the only one.

The total annual income of the IG is estimated by different sources in 1,5 – 2 billion dollars and even more. Thus, according to the Israeli Forbes, IG ranks first among the richest terrorist groups with an income of 2 billion dollars a year. Based on Spydell data, a terrorist organization can earn about 3 billion dollars per year. “In general, foreign trade operations (smuggling) bring the IG at least 8 million dollars a day, not counting grants and donations. On the 100, a thousandth group is enough, ”Spydell writes on his blog.

According to him, another source of income is a shadow of the IG grants from the United States, Saudi Arabia and Turkey, plus support for the so-called sympathizers around the world.

No less serious source is the drug trade. The Islamic State terrorist group has gained strength through profits from the sale of Afghan heroin, says the head of the Federal Drug Control Service of Russia, Viktor Ivanov. “In this sense, ISIS is just a cast of these drug-transit criminal gangs, which gained uncontrolled power, including on Afghan drug trafficking,” RIA quotes Ivanova as sayingNews". According to him, precisely because of this, the Russian drug police is in favor of raising the status of Afghan drug trafficking in the UN to the level of nuclear non-proliferation and piracy. Opium production in Afghanistan continues to increase: this year it will grow by 20%, to 8 million tons, the General Staff of the Russian Federation expects.

For oil smuggling and drug trafficking in the bank IG also trafficking (sexual and labor slavery), trafficking in human organs and kidnapping for ransom, indicates Spydell. Thus, in the 2014 20, the IG received million in ransom for the hostages, the report says the US Treasury.

In addition, terrorists haggle art objects from the occupied territories. "Only due to robberies near the city of Nabuk, located near the mountains of Kalamoun, various cultural artifacts (история some go up to eight thousand years) according to various sources, from 20 to 50 thousand dollars per unit of a deal with representatives of the western black market of art objects, ”Arabist Nadezhda points out in his column in the Rabkor Internet publication. Glebova.

Finally, the IG replenishes its budget by robbing state banks in the occupied territories and collecting tribute from the population. According to the US Treasury Department, in the 2014 year, terrorists cleaned out banks for more than 500 million dollars, and earned 600 million dollars in extortions from the public. Taxes have to be paid literally to everyone and for everything: to banks - for security, to the public - for the sale of any product, for withdrawing money in the bank, for communication and for travel. So, the road tax in Northern Iraq is 200 dollars, the customs duty for a truck crossing the Iraqi border with Jordan and Syria is 800 dollars, indicates Glebova.

From raw materials, except for oil, IG, most likely, also trades in gas, phosphates, sulfuric and phosphoric acid, as well as cement, since the terrorists control these plants and factories on their territories. According to the calculations of the Arabist Nadezhda Glebova, based on prices twice lower than the market and the maximum production load, the terrorists can earn on these products about 1,4 billion dollars a year. And on the sale of Iraqi wheat and barley on the black market with 50-percent discount - about another 200 million dollars.
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http://www.vz.ru/economy/2015/10/23/774019.html
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  1. Mainbeam
    Mainbeam 27 October 2015 14: 26 New
    11
    According to her, the Islamists currently control 253 oil wells in Syria, of which more than 160 are in working condition.

    And then I thought ... But it would be necessary to bang all the points of oil production.
    It will be cheaper to rebuild towers than to compete with self-financing of the IG
    .
    1. Sasha 19871987
      Sasha 19871987 27 October 2015 14: 31 New
      +2
      it’s not a very good option to bomb the oil industry, it’s not necessary to arrange an ecological catastrophe on the shoulders of Syria ... if the Americans stop sponsoring money and weapons of these fanatics, they will run away like cockroaches from disinfection ...
      1. Mainbeam
        Mainbeam 27 October 2015 15: 03 New
        +5
        Quote: sasha 19871987
        if the Americans stop sponsoring money and weapons of these fanatics themselves run away

        The Yankees will not stop sponsorship not only with pieces of paper, but also with weapons.

        According to him, the supply volume is about 100 – 150 thousand barrels per day with a price of about 25 dollars per barrel, since oil brings terrorists at least 2,5 million dollars a day. From his data, almost 900 million dollars of proceeds from the export of smuggled oil accumulate over the year.

        Here the question of self-financing - IG, it turns out, is quite an autonomous organization.

        - How to prevent the Turks from buying oil for free?
        - How to forbid museums to buy artifacts for free?
        - How to prohibit medical institutions from buying human organs for free?
        - How to remove youth from drugs?

        In no way
        .
      2. bubla5
        bubla5 27 October 2015 18: 30 New
        +2
        As if the igilovites were retreating, leaving everything in working order, to bomb the terminals all in a row, even in Iraq, and oil would rise
    2. volot-voin
      volot-voin 27 October 2015 14: 38 New
      +2
      Quote: MainBeam
      here I thought ... But it would be necessary to bang all the points of oil production.
      It will be cheaper to rebuild towers than to compete with self-financing of the IG
      I remember the late Saddam, who set fire to the wells during the retreat ... There were already such thoughts. IS is another "icebreaker" of the United States, to defeat the legitimate government, so that liberators from the United States would then come and impose their puppet regime and their oil companies.
      Only now we broke these plans in Syria by bombing, instead of the States of the Cannibals who had not yet fulfilled their tasks, to overthrow Assad and die in the name of the United States.
    3. Corsair0304
      Corsair0304 27 October 2015 14: 38 New
      0
      160 rockets? And then who will restore and at what means? In Iraq, there are still some of the towers that are still destroyed.
    4. science fiction writer
      science fiction writer 27 October 2015 14: 41 New
      +1
      Quote: MainBeam
      According to her, the Islamists currently control 253 oil wells in Syria, of which more than 160 are in working condition.

      And then I thought ... But it would be necessary to bang all the points of oil production.
      It will be cheaper to rebuild towers than to compete with self-financing of the IG
      .

      It’s not necessary to bang a lot of mind, but how then to put out the wells, ??????? before restoring ???????
      1. Mainbeam
        Mainbeam 27 October 2015 14: 53 New
        +3
        These are technical issues - you don’t have to take everything literally.

        Quote: fiction
        but how then to put out the wells?

        You can bang in different ways. Not necessarily the tower itself or the pipe. You can bang the substation: no electricity - no oil. You can bang a column of fuel trucks - a caravan is not a needle in a haystack - they ride along highways, and their number is not infinite.

        Quote: Corsair0304
        160 missiles

        You can also bury vacuum bombs near the cabins of barmales.
        1. science fiction writer
          science fiction writer 27 October 2015 16: 40 New
          -1
          You can bang in different ways. Not necessarily the tower itself or the pipe. You can bang the substation: no electricity - no oil. You can bang a column of fuel trucks - a caravan is not a needle in a haystack - they ride along highways, and their number is not infinite

          Mobile power stations, springs quickly recover, fuel trucks no more expensive
          SUVs will be bought with such headstock, and they will change the tactics of exporting oil.
          1. The comment was deleted.
    5. The comment was deleted.
    6. varov14
      varov14 27 October 2015 17: 53 New
      0
      Towers can be touched and should not be, but fuel trucks, and in some places oil pipelines, are a holy cause.
  2. Alexstrigin
    Alexstrigin 27 October 2015 14: 28 New
    +4
    That is why the Americans and tear on their own ... hair after the introduction of Russian Aviation into Syria., So much oil can leak past them.
    1. kepmor
      kepmor 27 October 2015 14: 43 New
      +2
      They are tearing their butt hairs out also because the coastal waters of Syria have proven oil and gas reserves for hundreds of lards of greenery. By the way, this whole canoe began immediately after the confirmation of these reserves by Total in 2010.
      Assad did not just offer our companies to develop these deposits, this is a guarantee of its inviolability.
  3. Turkir
    Turkir 27 October 2015 14: 29 New
    +6
    In this regard, the IG looks like a large corporation. With one significant caveat - its activities are illegal, oil production and sales - this is only a source of income for the army of militants, and managers working for terrorists do not always survive. Hence, such a high salary.

    The actions of this "large corporation" are very similar to their teachers from the USA and Great Britain.
    Well, direct "East India Company" from Great Britain, which conquered all of India.
    Worthy students of their patrons and creditors.
    The motto of Great Britain is to carry chestnuts out of the fire with the wrong hands.
  4. fyvaprold
    fyvaprold 27 October 2015 14: 30 New
    +7
    They are still smuggling antiques. The benefit of museums in those places is immeasurable. Good article, thanks. Sincerely.
  5. sa-zz
    sa-zz 27 October 2015 14: 30 New
    +3
    A huge organized crime group nurtured and pampered by its creators - the United States and its coalition!
  6. Corsair0304
    Corsair0304 27 October 2015 14: 37 New
    +6
    Turkey is called the main beneficiary of such smuggling.

    Who would doubt it. In general, all these terrorist organizations - they are made like a carbon copy. Everywhere the same thing:
    - banditry
    - piracy
    - trafficking in drugs and human organs
    - abduction of people into slavery

    Against this background, ISIS is knocked out of the picture only by owning oil fields.
    In general, I am crazy about this theater of absurdity: Merkel promises Turkey to join NATO soon in connection with her assistance in fighting ISIS, the UN will allocate money to Turkey to support refugees from Syria, and Turkey itself is nice to trade with ISIS for oil and still provides its borders open for maneuver forces and means, reforming and rest ISIS fighters.
    At the same time, everyone knows everything, but smart faces do - such as it should be.
  7. Fight cat
    Fight cat 27 October 2015 14: 40 New
    +5
    It is a well-known fact that the CIA was engaged in self-financing with the help of drug cartels, oil was still added on the black market, they even released TOR into free float so that their agents could be lost among millions of users of this distributed and encrypted network !!! Afghan was the largest CIA feeder !!! Now IS has become it, their appetites have grown !!! soldier
  8. Alexstrigin
    Alexstrigin 27 October 2015 14: 48 New
    +3
    Quote: volot-voin
    There were already such thoughts. IS is another "icebreaker" of the United States, to defeat the legitimate government, so that the liberators from the United States would then come and impose their puppet regime and their oil companies.


    It has always been like this, where the USA is - there is no peace. They themselves unleash hostilities, themselves bring democracy there. Only where their democracy is always war and chaos. A bunch of sad examples ...... Well, they do not climb somewhere in Africa where to get nothing ....
  9. Rostislav
    Rostislav 27 October 2015 14: 57 New
    +1
    The sources of income of the IG are understandable, only the lazy does not talk about the sale of oil.
    But why is no one talking about how to block this channel of terrorist financing? The goal could be oil fields, pumping stations that pump oil. The disruption of the refinery would deprive the terrorists of their fuel.
    No strikes are made on these objects. What is the reason?

    Afraid that there will be screams about "infrastructure destruction"? This is how all the Western media are shouting about it. Civilian casualties were reported even before the planes took off. As the saying goes, "to be ashamed of a wife - not to have children."

    Do not want to destroy factories and infrastructure? Do you think that the ISIS intact will leave all Assad upon retreat? Anyway, they’ll blow it up. So why now we give them to trade stolen?

    So far in my head there are only assumptions about agreements "behind the scenes" - we do not prevent Turkey from making money, it is inferior to us on other issues. But I really don't want to believe in such a situation.

    Enlighten who knows.
  10. veksha50
    veksha50 27 October 2015 15: 00 New
    +3
    "The terrorists have no end in buying smuggled oil ... Main sales go to Turkey... "...

    The Turks today filed an arbitration court against Russia for allegedly inflated gas prices ...

    To be honest, I misunderstood a little ... And this even though the gas pipeline project was disrupted ... And how to understand this - to the court, and even on "inflated" gas prices ??? What, there are no world prices ??? What, at the conclusion of the supply contract, the prices were not agreed ???

    In general, the Turks shit at us wherever they can ... It is time to put them on the same level with the IS ...
  11. Bthuk
    Bthuk 27 October 2015 15: 01 New
    +3
    And then I thought ... But it would be necessary to bang all the points of oil production.

    I remember I wrote this not long ago, the bastards zaminusuval! :)))
    1. The comment was deleted.
  12. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 27 October 2015 15: 04 New
    +3
    In Iraq, both the Kurds and the Iraqi army are slowly fighting back
    IG is oil wells. They want to earn money themselves.
  13. Tra-ta-ta
    Tra-ta-ta 27 October 2015 15: 15 New
    +2
    They want to earn money themselves.
    For a better understanding of the topic for the future:
  14. Zomanus
    Zomanus 28 October 2015 05: 40 New
    0
    In Syria, we still have enough to reset ISIS militants.
    The immediate task is to get Assad to the border with Turkey.
    The fact that the Turks kid is the norm, they are by nature.
    To bomb also oil-producing infrastructure ...
    Syria gave us permission to do this?
    And as I understand it, oil is also produced in neighboring countries,
    which they definitely didn’t allow us to bomb.
    So to start defending Syria, we'll see.
  15. Horn
    Horn 28 October 2015 16: 54 New
    0
    It is not for nothing that the other day the Saudi prince was detained at the Lebanese airport with 2 tons of drugs. Or was he driving for a family?