Military Review

Overdrive

43
The buildup of submarine forces of the Russian Navy in the Mediterranean theater of operations: planned and demonstrative


10.08-21.09 head PLB Ave 06363 B-261 Novorossiysk made an inter-fleet transition from the Barents Sea to the Black Sea. It went its course, in the surface position - through the English Channel, Gibraltar and the Bosphorus. Theoretically, the boat could be delivered to a permanent location in the transport dock on inland waterways, which would be faster and cheaper (in terms of fuel consumption and GEM resource), but far less rational from the point of view of combat training and flag demonstration. 16.10, completing the deep-sea and shooting test program, followed by the B-261 B-237 Rostov-on-Don, instead of which the Old Oskol B-262 arrived. ©


"Novorossiysk" with an escort (DVKD "Johan de Witt"), English Channel, 19.08.2015 (photo from defensie.nl from the submission of Djoker, forums.airbase.ru)

In total, six Russian submarines should proceed along the Polar-Novorossiysk route by the end of next year - without hiding, in front of representatives of almost all the nations of the European Union: Norwegians, Germans, Belgians, Dutch, British, French, Spaniards, Portuguese, Italians Greeks. Each such stage will tactfully remind our "partners" from NATO of the firm intention of the Russian Navy to control if not all of the Mediterranean Sea, then at least its eastern part (mentally "our age-old" since 5 squadron). After a raid on ISIS from the Caspian Sea, the concept of "control" gets a much broader interpretation.

As is known, the PLB of 06363 Ave. are equipped with a .6 533 mm torpedo tubes and a control system (QMS) for the Caliber-PL universal missile system. According to reports, the four TAs of the lower tier are designed for firing traditional self-guided torpedoes, and the two upper tiers are designed for shooting “exotic” weapons such as remote-controlled torpedoes and cruise missiles with an underwater launch. Thus, with three standard ammunition per device (one is charged, two are in the fast mooring device “Moray”), the total ammunition of the 3М14 XRBD can reach six units (the assumption about the use of lower TA missiles for confirmation requires confirmation).


Torpedo tubes of diesel-electric submarines of 636 Ave: both upper and two middle lower ones are visible (photo of the Rubin Central Design Bureau from the submission of militaryrussia.ru)

With a staff number of 4 RPFs of the Black Sea Fleet of 6-7 units (excluding and including "Alrosa"), at least four (two-thirds) of the submarines capable of taking 24 3M14 can be used to launch missiles at coastal targets in the Mediterranean basin - almost as much as was released by the Caspian ships flotilla (26). At the same time, carriers can be deployed in advance and covertly at a fairly arbitrary launch point within a radius of 1500 km from the target and be in position awaiting a command to use weapons for a very long time (within 45 days of design autonomy). ©

The submarine cruising range in 400 miles (5,5 days of motion with a virtually silent three-node route) suggests that a day after the dive, the area of ​​the possible location of the boat will be 16 000 square miles, in two - 65 000, after three - about 150 000 square. miles (if the boat operates, say, in the region of the Greek archipelago with its countless islands and straits, attempts to find it there will be akin to searching for a needle in a haystack). As for the lack of vertical start installations and the need to “twist the shutter” twice, this disadvantage is compensated, on the one hand, by a fast-loading device, on the other, by the non-critical volley time if the enemy does not have effective PLO weapons (there is a suspicion that there are no funds even in the arsenals of the NATO countries, not to mention the gangs of the Middle East and North Africa).

Summary. It cannot be said that it was quite unexpected, but it turned out that small (2300 and overhead) diesel-electric submarines of the near-sea zone became strategic rocket carriers capable of influencing the development of events in certain remote regions of the world. As the fleet is replenished by seaworthy surface ships with USK and nuclear boats with the Kalibrom-PL (newly built and modernized), the zone of influence of the Navy as a tool of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation will steadily expand and become global over time. ■

PS 2890 miles, separating Polar and Ceuta, Novorossiysk passed for 16 days at an average speed of 7,5 ties (average non-stop), which suggests that the boat went its course, despite the message "military-diplomatic" source about towing B- 261 in order to save service life (link). The towing speed, as a rule, does not exceed 5 knots, which is aggravated by the hydrodynamics of the PLN of the 877 / 636 family, which is far from optimal for a surface movement, and the tugs that took part in the crossing, most likely, accompanied the PL ,. that is, they performed a safety net function, as they do in all long-distance campaigns of warship detachments.

With a similar mode of movement and in the absence of force majeure "Rostov-on-Don" must enter the English Channel this coming Sunday (25.10) and arrive in Novorossiysk in late November - early December (according to the press service of the Ministry of Defense, in the first decade - link 2). The main intrigue of the transition, according to the author of the blog, is the presence of long-range cruise missiles onboard the B-237 and the possibility of their combat use "along the way" at NBMB over targets in Syria. Given that the head B-261, which in this regard were hopes ,. inter-stand repairs in the Sevmorzavod and passes into the sea only after 01.12 (at the base station - in April-May, link 3), the probability of the first combat underwater launch (salvo) 3М14 from the board is Rostov-on-Don. miss the opportunity to test the "Caliber PL" in combat conditions of the Defense Ministry and the defense industry simply do not have the right). ©


KR Club-S complex (in the starting capsule) in the torpedo compartment of the diesel-electric submarines at 636 Ave. (photo from the Rubin Central Design Bureau website via militaryrussia.ru)


Novorossiysk in the Mediterranean, Ceuta (Spain), 26.08.2015 (photo from laverdaddeceuta.com via sam7, forums.airbase.ru)
Originator:
http://navy-korabel.livejournal.com/113026.html
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  1. EFA
    EFA 23 October 2015 05: 51 New
    +9
    Все для "партнеров" - пусть видят )
    1. Finches
      Finches 23 October 2015 07: 18 New
      +1
      Интересно, а не предусмотрена показательное выступление-запуск ракет с ПЛ по целям ИГИЛ из акватории Черного моря?То же было бы неплохая демонстрация для всяких причерноморских "братишек", османов и других горячих голов.... laughing
      1. hydrox
        hydrox 23 October 2015 07: 53 New
        +6
        Quote: Finches
        launching missiles from submarines on ISIS targets from the Black Sea

        Do not confuse anything?
        Turkey - NATO territory with a bunch of US military bases - Do you want to arrange 3 MB out of the blue, violating missiles in its airspace?
        1. Finches
          Finches 23 October 2015 14: 50 New
          -1
          Once such a booze has gone - cut the last cucumber! laughing
          1. dmi.pris
            dmi.pris 24 October 2015 18: 30 New
            +1
            Ну "огурец"скажем не последний,и резать его не надо,а просто походя пульнуть по цели в Сирии (не затрагивая турков)
            Quote: Finches
            Once such a booze has gone - cut the last cucumber! laughing
        2. captain
          captain 23 October 2015 17: 58 New
          +2
          Dear hydrox, your phrase:
          "Ничего не путаете?
          Турция - территория НАТО с кучей американских военных баз - Вы хотите 3 МВ устроить на ровном месте, нарушая ракетами её воздушное пространство?", не остановит людей творческих.Например командующий ВДВ генерал Шаманов заявил, что ВДВ виза не нужна и народ радостно поддержал его в своих комментариях. А то, что наша транспортная авиация не может за раз выбросить парашютным способом даже одну из 4 имеющихся у нас дивизий, это ни кого не интересует. Помните , как Грачев одним парашютно-десантным полком Грозный брал?Главное свежая мысль, а не ее применение. Бахвальство и шапкозакидательство у нас в крови.Плохо, что жизнями за это бахвальство расплачиваются не авторы заявлений и их дети.
      2. NordUral
        NordUral 23 October 2015 21: 48 New
        0
        It would be good. And you need filthy goals, and useful for business.
    2. Good me
      Good me 23 October 2015 08: 19 New
      +2
      Quote: EFA
      Все для "партнеров" - пусть видят )


      It was under its own power, in the surface position - through the English Channel, Gibraltar and the Bosphorus.


      Нужно отдать должное выдержке экипажа. Могу только представить, как тяжело дался нашим подводникам процесс "прикачивания", и какие испытания вынес каждый участник длительного ,дальнего,беспримерного перехода.
      1. kepmor
        kepmor 23 October 2015 11: 57 New
        +2
        In the days of the USSR, submarines pr.641 on the BS (in the Atlantic) were 3-4 months old and this was considered the norm. Here are just living conditions on 641 projects were hellish. Anyway, who said that ship service is easy?
    3. maiman61
      maiman61 23 October 2015 10: 40 New
      +6
      And the Syrian Basmachi are so happy! They will boast that they tested our cruise missile underwater launch!
    4. Skif83
      Skif83 23 October 2015 11: 12 New
      0
      Better let them not see, but feel :)
  2. snifer
    snifer 23 October 2015 05: 53 New
    +3
    Small spool but precious!
  3. Vladimyrych
    Vladimyrych 23 October 2015 05: 54 New
    +5
    Удар с ПЛ "длинным Калибром"... Впечатлит многих.
  4. Ihrek
    Ihrek 23 October 2015 06: 03 New
    +2
    If you want peace, prepare for war.
  5. Good_Taxist
    Good_Taxist 23 October 2015 06: 09 New
    +3
    С учётом того, что головная Б-261, на которую в этом плане были надежды,. проходит межпоходовый ремонт в Севморзаводе и выйдет в море только после 01.12 (на БС – в апреле-мае, ссылка 3), вероятность первого боевого подводного пуска (залпа) 3М14 с борта именно "Ростова-на-Дону" .представляется достаточно высокой .(упустить возможность испытать "Калибр-ПЛ" в боевых условиях Минобороны и ОПК просто не имеют права).

    Apparently no need to wait for the next birthday of the head of state)))))
    1. Penetrator
      Penetrator 23 October 2015 06: 56 New
      +3
      Quote: Good_Taxist
      Apparently no need to wait for the next birthday of the head of state)))))

      Остались еще праздники до конца октября, к которым можно приурочить пуск "Калибров". К примеру, День ООН завтра или Международный день экономии в последний день месяца. О, нашёл! 31 октября - Международный день Черного моря! Зная, как умело, в последнее время, наше МО троллит "западников", можно ожидать и не таких еще сюрпризов.
      1. Omskgasmyas
        Omskgasmyas 23 October 2015 08: 19 New
        +4
        There are still good dates: 7 of November is the Day of the Great October Socialist Revolution. Well, November 4 is also not bad. Although, 4 is better than the psheks, as it were by chance to extinguish, so as not to be forgotten.
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 23 October 2015 16: 17 New
          0
          Quote: Omskgazmyas
          There are still good dates: 7 of November is the Day of the Great October Socialist Revolution. Well, November 4 is also not bad. Although, 4 is better than the psheks, as it were by chance to extinguish, so as not to be forgotten.

          November 19th! Day of rocket troops and artillery! soldier
      2. Vladimir 1964
        Vladimir 1964 23 October 2015 08: 34 New
        +1
        Quote: Penetrator
        Остались еще праздники до конца октября, к которым можно приурочить пуск "Калибров". К примеру, День ООН завтра или Международный день экономии в последний день месяца. О, нашёл! 31 октября - Международный день Черного моря! Зная, как умело, в последнее время, наше МО троллит "западников", можно ожидать и не таких еще сюрпризов.


        On October 31, still somehow spectacular or something. Day of the sea and on you from the sea. yes
        Good morning, colleague, how is the mood today? hi
    2. Rostislav
      Rostislav 23 October 2015 10: 40 New
      0
      All sovereign yes sovereign ... smile
      Maybe Lavrov, Shoigu or Ivanov have a reason?
  6. Riperbahn
    Riperbahn 23 October 2015 06: 10 New
    +1
    Great and bewitching!
  7. RU-Officer
    RU-Officer 23 October 2015 06: 22 New
    +3
    I do not want to seem like a strategist (the academy did not finish repeat ), but Russia still won a kind of battle for the Mediterranean soldier . In this situation, I would not send a seedy barge to the Mediterranean Sea on the site of the Pentagon bosses, and not just some sort of strike fleet there. fool And on the fig, one asks if he will not even reach the Bosphorus? belay The good news is positive for the whole day! hi
    1. andj61
      andj61 23 October 2015 08: 12 New
      0
      Quote: RU-Officer
      In this situation, I would not send a seedy barge to the Mediterranean Sea on the site of the Pentagon bosses, and not just some sort of strike fleet there.

      Well, the strike fleet of NATO countries in the Mediterranean is already located. And just two apparatus for firing Caliber on each submarine - this is still not enough. But the bell for the USA and NATO is good!
      Особенно с учётом того, что в подводном положении эти лодки - настоящие "чёрные дыры!... bully
      1. kos2910
        kos2910 23 October 2015 09: 28 New
        -2
        there are two devices, but the missiles may be 26, and the launch time is uncritical
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 23 October 2015 11: 38 New
          0
          Quote: kos2910
          there are two devices, but the missiles may be 26, and the launch time is uncritical

          Startup time is just critical. For the launch unmasks the submarine. The faster he fired and left, the more likely he was to survive.
          It is not in vain that we began to set UVP / UNP for the Kyrgyz Republic on our PLARK and the Yankees on the ICAPL.
    2. BARKHAN
      BARKHAN 23 October 2015 13: 39 New
      +4
      Да ,вот теперь я понимаю,зачем нам военно -морская база в средиземном море.И побольше ракет(какие?специалисты разберутся)Всё НАТО спокойно на горшок ходить не сможет,да и сон хуже будет.А ведь дядя Вова их не раз предупреждал.Не шалите!Лодочка скорей всего для наших"партнёров" успокоительное,чтоб не рыпались шибко.
  8. Junior, I
    Junior, I 23 October 2015 06: 27 New
    +2
    The news is just great. And the 6-th fleet of the USA has already left the Mediterranean Sea?
    1. Drmadfisher
      Drmadfisher 23 October 2015 07: 58 New
      +4
      he is off the coast of Belarus
      1. Sauron80
        Sauron80 23 October 2015 12: 40 New
        +2
        and the crews went ashore in the Rostov mountains to visit grandmothers
  9. tomsk
    tomsk 23 October 2015 06: 34 New
    0
    So what?! Let's go home. and who cares ..?! but the Tatis are still afraid of us. Ish what a howl they raised! It’s time for NATO to understand that their sovereignty is over. where we want - there we go. and do not hide as sniffers of our shores with ,, Virginia ,,. it’s time to show NATO that we also have teeth — and very sharp ones. BLEEP-if that ... !!!
  10. s.melioxin
    s.melioxin 23 October 2015 06: 40 New
    +2
    the zone of influence of the Navy as an instrument of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation will steadily expand and eventually become global. ■
    Here they are the genes of the Winners. To be the best, the best of the best. It is impossible to defeat the one who does not give up!
  11. Zomanus
    Zomanus 23 October 2015 06: 48 New
    +1
    Yes, I would like to see the launch of the Caliber from under the water.
    And what kind of reaction will it be ...
    I wonder if ships are planning with
    more PU for KR?
    Because MRCs are still rather weak for a massive volley.
    1. venaya
      venaya 23 October 2015 07: 08 New
      +2
      "Because MRCs are still rather weak for a massive volley." - Здесь больше играет демонстрация возможностей, невидимые ракеты из нивидимой точки старта, впречатлений на "5" с плюсом.
    2. andj61
      andj61 23 October 2015 08: 15 New
      +3
      Quote: Zomanus
      I wonder if ships are planning with
      more PU for KR?
      Because MRCs are still rather weak for a massive volley.

      This is the whole trick - the placement of lethal weapons on small and cheap ships - such is the asymmetric answer. bully hi
      At the same time, it’s more difficult to track RTOs than large ships, and our submarines are simply impossible.
  12. tlauicol
    tlauicol 23 October 2015 08: 05 New
    0
    Manufacturer Admiralty Shipyards OJSC announces 4 missiles on board
  13. Million
    Million 23 October 2015 08: 16 New
    +1
    That's right! Let the bear fangs show the jackals scatter
  14. shershen
    shershen 23 October 2015 08: 27 New
    +1
    Fuck it, but I thought that the article was about pervach ...
  15. kos2910
    kos2910 23 October 2015 09: 25 New
    +1
    asymmetric answer in all its glory, let them see
  16. kartalovkolya
    kartalovkolya 23 October 2015 09: 38 New
    +2
    Все по принципу:" Нас не трогай-мы не тронем,а затронешь спуску не дадим"! Как говорится побольше ПЛ ХОРОШИХ И РАЗНЫХ! Семь футов под килем дорогие подводники и главное ,чтобы количество погружений равнялось количеству всплытий! Слава Военным Морякам России! Слава Российскому Флоту!
  17. Bashibuzuk
    Bashibuzuk 23 October 2015 11: 22 New
    +1
    Good article.
    It’s breathtaking.
    Только надо возродить хорошую традицию, и ПЛ называть не именами городов. а именем знаменитой батареи "Не тронь меня" - Не тронь меня -раз, Не тронь меня -два, Не тронь меня - Три.
    Who did not hide is not my fault.
    He (they) himself ... did not leave.
  18. Naum
    Naum 23 October 2015 11: 30 New
    +1
    Quote: shershen
    I thought that the article was about pervach ...

    Ага, "двойная перегонка"! fellow It’s only a pity that they missed the moment: in the Mediterranean it was possible to shoot by ISIS! Now you have to return to convenient positions. And in general, one should take it as a rule: if you go past the shores of the Middle East - make at least a couple of combat launches! wink
    1. Bashibuzuk
      Bashibuzuk 23 October 2015 13: 22 New
      +2
      And by sea, along da Crete
      I’m not joking.
      Then I’ll throw a caliber,
      I’ll show Pinocchio.
      .
      Like, yes?
  19. Prometheus
    Prometheus 23 October 2015 11: 38 New
    0
    Восточная часть Средиземного моря стала "ментально наша" не со времён 5 эскадры,а гораздо раньше.
    Since the time of the Archipelago expeditions of Orlov and Senyavin and the capture of Beirut in 1773.
  20. Modernwarfire
    Modernwarfire 23 October 2015 11: 45 New
    -3
    Quote: Omskgazmyas
    There are still good dates: 7 of November is the Day of the Great October Socialist Revolution. Well, November 4 is also not bad. Although, 4 is better than the psheks, as it were by chance to extinguish, so as not to be forgotten.

    Also me, a holiday ...
  21. maikl50jrij
    maikl50jrij 23 October 2015 19: 15 New
    0
    Чертовски, блин! Красава! Под флагом, в боевой...Кто то верещал на счет средиземноморки..? "Да Босфор турки закрыли...", "Да американцы там кочуют..."! Забудьте!!! У нас еще есть Ушаковы, Макаровы, Нахимовы, Корниловы, Колчаки...А сколько советских..? Забыли???
  22. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 23 October 2015 19: 17 New
    +1
    by inland waterways

    Oh, if only. The Volga is shallow, the Don is shallow. For many years, it’s getting worse and worse. T.ch. here rather wishful thinking.
  23. Kamchatsky
    Kamchatsky 23 October 2015 23: 13 New
    0
    Quote: chunga-changa
    The Volga is shallow, the Don is shallow. For many years, it’s getting worse and worse.

    Last year, Don had to cross in the narrowest places, (once I almost climbed the training ground), and this year, wherever you want, some shallows and islands. Only the fairway for ships is deepened, and so the bottom can be seen from 30 meters.
  24. Old26
    Old26 24 October 2015 00: 23 New
    0
    Quote: Zomanus
    Yes, I would like to see the launch of the Caliber from under the water.
    And what kind of reaction will it be ...
    I wonder if ships are planning with
    more PU for KR?
    Because MRCs are still rather weak for a massive volley.

    their frigates will be 16. But this is the maximum

    Quote: Bashibuzuk
    Good article.
    It’s breathtaking.
    Только надо возродить хорошую традицию, и ПЛ называть не именами городов. а именем знаменитой батареи "Не тронь меня" - Не тронь меня -раз, Не тронь меня -два, Не тронь меня - Три.
    Who did not hide is not my fault.
    He (they) himself ... did not leave.

    Точно ВОзродить. А как моряки будут плеваться при этом - аж дух захватывает... "Не тронь меня-13", или "не тронь меня-256".
  25. vell.65
    vell.65 24 October 2015 12: 16 New
    0
    Replenishment is needed for the Black Sea Fleet, and even at such depths their low noise will be out of place.
  26. s.cot
    s.cot 25 October 2015 06: 41 New
    0
    A rattled wooden bench near the torpedo tubes touched. smile
  27. meGrail
    meGrail 26 October 2015 11: 22 New
    +1
    Quote: s.cot
    A rattled wooden bench near the torpedo tubes touched. smile

    Это чтоб враг не догадался! Всем Пентагоном будут думать, для чего эта "skameika" стоит именно на этом месте и как она влияет на ТТХ :)
    А серьёзно, то очень хорошо, что в МО начинают понимать, что пиар и публичная демонстрация вооружение лучше чем "все секретно, потому что секретно, и не спрашивайте почему секретно, потому как секрет!"