Military Review

Lepanto without galleys

10



Today, October 20, marks the anniversary of the naval battle in Navarinskaya Bay, in honor of which Pavel Chichikov, as you know, ordered himself a coat-colored "Navarinsky smoke with flame." In this last major coalition battle of the sail epoch, the combined fleet of Christian states in the Russian, English and French squadrons once again defeated and destroyed the fleet of the "Shiny Ports".

It is curious that after 26 years after Navarin, the British and French fought on the side of Turkey against Russia, however, the Russian fleet could not be drowned because ours outwitted them and flooded it themselves. The Turks did not think of such a military trick, and as a result, they lost not only the ships, but also their crews, and then their opponents recorded another victory for themselves.

Apparently, the future Sevastopol admirals Nakhimov, Kornilov and Istomin, still in the ranks of lieutenant, midshipman and midshipman, participated in the Navarin battle, remembered her well and made the correct conclusion from the mistake of the Turkish naval commander Ibrahim Pasha, due to self-confidence and overestimation of her forces.

But the Ottomans did not make a correct withdrawal, so the next battle of the Russian and Turkish fleets at Sinop was almost an exact copy of Navarin, only on a greatly reduced scale. The Turks were trapped in the bay and, despite the opposition of the coastal batteries, were methodically shot. But for them it was already commonplace.



The scheme of the initial and final phases of the Battle of Navarino. With the enormous numerical superiority of the Turks (78 warships against twenty-two), the Allies had a decisive advantage in battleships (ten against three). This, as well as the higher proficiency of Russian, English and French sailors, decided the outcome of the case. The Turks lost from 60 to 70 ships exploded, burned, sunk or washed onto the shore, and their opponents - not one.



Commanders of the opposing squadrons:
Russian Admiral Ludwig Sigismund Gustav von Heyden (aka Login Petrovich Heyden);
English Admiral Edward Codrington, who carried out general leadership of the Allied fleet;
French Admiral Henri Gautier Daniel de Rygny;
Ottoman (Egyptian) Admiral Ibrahim Pasha.



The flagship of the Russian squadron is the 74-gun battleship "Azov".



Damage to the nose of the "Azov", received in the battle of Navarino. The battle was fought at the "pistol" distances, so there was virtually no blunders. The ship withstood 153 (according to other data - 164) Turkish cores, including seven - in the underwater part. On the "Azov" 24 killed the sailor, which amounted to almost half of the casualties of our fleet. Replaced during repair fragments obshchivki gray. The battleship itself drowned five Turkish ships, including the flagship battleship Ibrahim Pasha.





Shipboard artillery and ammunition used in the Battle of Navarino: a bronze cannon on the marshall of the Marshall system, cast-iron carronade and anti-flight chain cores.



Navarin battle in the picture of the English artist George Philip Reynagla.



It is the same in the picture by Aivazovsky.



Well, as a bonus - the Russian squadron battleship Navarin. It is easy to guess, he received the name in honor of the victory in the Battle of Navarino.
Author:
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 24 October 2015 07: 27 New
    +4
    The commander of "Azov" M.P. Lazarev.
    In his report on the battle, the commander of the Russian detachment L.P. Heiden wrote: “The fearless captain of the 1st rank Lazarev controlled the movements of the Azov with equanimity, skill and courage exemplary.” The Navarino battle had results: the Turks asked for peace and agreed to fulfill the demands of the allies. This completely suited the British government: it was not at all interested in continuing the war with Turkey, for a significant weakening of this state would mean the strengthening of Russia, which was contrary to the interests of England.
  2. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn 24 October 2015 09: 06 New
    0
    How did the Turks blow it? mdya, it’s obvious that the naval commanders are useless, and the gunners too.
  3. kvs207
    kvs207 24 October 2015 09: 55 New
    +2
    Strange presentation. What does it mean "It is curious that 26 years after Navarin, the British and French fought on the side of Turkey against Russia, however, they did not manage to drown the Russian fleet, since ours outwitted them and flooded it ourselves." I think it was a necessity, by no means a trick.
    The battle of Navarino was undoubtedly very significant and decided the outcome of the war. The author forgot to mention the ships that bore the name "Memory of Azov" and the fact that these ships were given the stern St. George's flag, which was the first time in the history of the Russian fleet that the "Azov" was awarded.
  4. Alex
    Alex 24 October 2015 10: 05 New
    +5
    Under Sinope, Nakhimov recalled Navarin. He feared that the Turks would not remove part of the guns from the unarmed sides (many ships were anchored) and did not strengthen the coastal batteries. And the rest, in general, everything is correct: superiority in the quality of ships, and powerful artillery, and excellent training of crews, and the unsurpassed talent of the naval commander.

    Navarin is a glorious victory, one of the brightest in the history of the Russian fleet.
  5. Aleksander
    Aleksander 24 October 2015 11: 55 New
    +2
    Today, October 20, marks the anniversary of the naval battle in the Bay of Navarino,


    This year, and another glorious date- 225 years of the capture of Ishmael by Suvorov. As a result of that war, the Novorossiysk Territory forever went to Russia.
  6. Kazakh
    Kazakh 24 October 2015 12: 27 New
    +4
    In the portrait, it’s not IBrahim at all, but the Ukrainian Ivanko stolen by the Turks from childhood in the childhood. Any Ukrainian historian will prove this to you. laughing
    1. visitork67
      visitork67 24 October 2015 21: 10 New
      +1
      Definitely and unconditionally.
    2. KakoVedi
      KakoVedi 24 October 2015 23: 28 New
      +1
      Then lower, in red pants, Ostap and Andriy ... After the bursa! But see you with daddy ...
  7. Denimax
    Denimax 25 October 2015 01: 20 New
    0
    Some drawings are not clear to me: Did the sailors have a green uniform? As far as I know, even the infantry was all colored, except for the rangers.
    Against the background of the wooden-sailing fleet, were the guns already steel carriages?
    Figure of the second gun, some technical misunderstanding: On board there is clearly a rotary mechanism, the barrel itself rests on two wheels (not even a center) and all this is connected by ropes. what
  8. Turkir
    Turkir 27 October 2015 18: 19 New
    0
    Today, October 20, marks the anniversary of the naval battle in the Bay of Navarino, ...

    The battle of Navarino took place on October 20, 1827, and not a year ago, as they might think, and, in fact, served as the beginning of the Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829.
    By the time the article, but year a historical event must always be present. After all, this article should arouse the interest of young people in the study of their own history.
    An unfortunate mistake. But still, thanks for the reminder.
    ---------
    Anniversary, hazing .. dull words.