Military Review

The most important priority of the General Staff

27
Does the manning system of the Armed Forces of Russia meet modern requirements?


The extremely difficult tasks that face the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation today have sharply raised the bar for their compliance with people in uniform. New forms and methods of hostilities, modern weapons and military equipment, informatization and introduction of innovative technologies into the sphere of warfare demanded a serious increase in the level of professional training of officers and soldiers. Which in turn caused the need to take a different look at the system of staffing the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

Historical experience indicates such a paradox. Any developed state needs an army that would be fundamentally different from what it has now: it is much better prepared and technically equipped, has a high moral spirit, and provides a decent material level and social status of military personnel. That is the army of tomorrow. It is not surprising that the improvement of its staffing system is today one of the highest priority areas of activity of the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces.

Alternative to calling


It must be admitted that after the creation of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 1992 for a long time, the Soviet system of recruitment with the obligatory military service by all male citizens inherent to it actually continued to operate.

It is believed that the starting point of the transition to a mixed method of recruitment of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (by conscription and contract) was the signing by the President of the Russian Federation of the decree "On recruitment in 1994 for military service under the contract in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation". According to him, about 150 thousands of pros were selected for military posts, defining the combat ability of the units.

The effectiveness of this method of recruitment was confirmed by the practice of building the Armed Forces. Therefore, in 1998, the federal law “On Military Duty and Military Service” is a mixed recruitment method according to which our citizens can do military service not only by conscription, but also voluntarily (by contract), established by law and maintained by present tense

In difficult modern demographic and economic conditions, taking into account the need to have an optimally sufficient trained mobilization resource, the selected mixed recruitment method is now the most acceptable for our state.

It is also applied abroad - in Austria, Finland, Norway, Turkey, Greece, and other countries. In the United States, despite the formal preservation of the voluntary principle of recruitment, citizens serving in the reserve may also be called up (without their consent) for military service for a period of one to two years or more. In Germany, since July 2011, on the basis of a parliamentary decree, has been picking up on a voluntary basis, however, the provision on universal military duty is still enshrined in the country's constitution.

The most important priority of the General Staff

Photo: RIA NEWS

The transition of the Russian Federation to military service under the contract required purposeful and painstaking work on the development of the troop recruitment system, the improvement of its legal and regulatory framework, the system of professional training, the formation of attractive conditions and the social protection of servicemen and their families. Today, a lot has been done for this, but more needs to be done. And not only the establishment of a decent monetary allowance and a sufficiently flexible system of allowances for class qualifications, physical fitness and specificity of the performance of official duties, but also the solution of issues of providing servicemen with housing and medical care.

At present, the recruitment of the Armed Forces by officers and warrant officers is carried out only on a voluntary basis. They are trained by higher military educational institutions, military training centers at civilian universities. Officers from the reserve also enter the military service.

In turn, the recruitment of military posts of ordinary and non-commissioned officers is carried out in a mixed way, combining military conscription and voluntary military service (under a contract). At the same time, up to 90 percent of all candidates for contract soldiers are citizens who are in reserve and have experience in conscription service. A lot of trained soldiers and sergeants at the end of military service also express a desire to continue it under the contract, especially in the Airborne Forces, the Naval navy.

Today, the selection system of candidates for military service under contract has been tested and debugged. In almost every subject of the Russian Federation, selection points operate, the number of which has increased from 66 (in 2012) to 81 (in 2015).

In 2012, a new type of training for candidates entering military service from the reserve was introduced - intensive general training with a “survival” course. This not only allows a civilian person to restore his skills in the military specialty, but also serves as a kind of filter from hitting “random people” into the army.

The arrival of modern weapons and military equipment to the troops also raised increased requirements for contract servicemen, which in turn required a serious adjustment of their training and retraining programs for new specialties. The scale of training specialists in the average military-special program on the basis of universities of the Ministry of Defense of Russia has increased. In addition to the military specialty, young people also receive secondary vocational education.

In order to adequately respond to possible threats to the national security of the country in a changing military and political situation, an annual increase in the number of military personnel under the contract of at least 2012 is fixed by the presidential decree 604 of the year No. 50 “On the further improvement of military service in the Russian Federation” thousand. The phased increase in the number of personnel is synchronized with the re-equipment of the Armed Forces with the latest high-tech weapons and military equipment, for operation and maintenance of which only highly skilled specialists are needed. Naturally, the number of conscripts in proportion decreases. In 2015, the Armed Forces reached the historical maximum for the first time - the number of contract soldiers in military positions of ensigns, sergeants and soldiers reached 300 thousands and exceeded the number of conscripts.

But we do not pursue quantitative indicators. Particular attention is paid primarily to the quality of selection of candidates. As a rule, these are citizens under the age of 30 years who have a higher or secondary education who have received, according to the results of professional psychological selection, the first or second professional competence group. The selection and effectiveness of their placement in military positions, taking into account the level of vocational education, military accounting and civilian specialties, is achieved by automating these processes. In particular, the introduction of software and hardware systems, innovative development of software tools and testing techniques.

No addicts allowed


A special area of ​​work is to ensure the quality of the recruiting contingent. As you know, the duration of the call service today is reduced to one year. The dates for the spring draft campaign were extended by law to July 15, which makes it possible to call up citizens who have graduated from higher and secondary vocational schools this year. The level of training of university graduates allows them to be appointed to military posts in a related military accounting profession without additional training. Over the past five years, the proportion of conscripts with higher education in the army has increased from five to nineteen percent.

Taking into account the reduction in the length of military service and the improvement of the conditions for its passage, the requirements for the health status of certain categories of citizens of the Russian Federation have been revised. During medical examination, modern high-tech diagnostic equipment is used, which allows to detect existing diseases at an early stage, and also excludes the direction to the troops of citizens unfit for military service and having drug addiction.

In-depth and focused work with public organizations, the media, educational institutions, parents of recruits allowed to remove the previously existing tension in the work of draft commissions. The number of so-called draft dodgers is annually reduced by three to five percent. And the results of the recruiting campaigns of the last five years show that the selection system currently being implemented is coping quite effectively with the task of improving the quality of military posts.

It is clear that in the foreseeable future a mixed way of recruiting the Armed Forces will remain. At the same time conscripts will be appointed only to positions that do not require in-depth training, special knowledge and skills. This will further ensure the accumulation in the required volumes of military-trained mobilization manpower resources. And yet a number of problems remain.

In particular, under the influence of social, economic, demographic and other factors, the situation with the preparation of mobilization reserves has significantly changed. Today it becomes extremely difficult to call a citizen in the reserve for military training. Employers of commercial structures are reluctant to let their employees go, as a rule, without preserving the average earnings or raise the question of their dismissal.

What to hide, there is a deviation of individual citizens in the reserve from participation in the military training. In part, they can be understood. Fear of losing a job, reducing family income, disrupting the habitual way of life makes people go for various tricks. It turns out that citizens are not sufficiently motivated to increase their level of professional military training and military training, and the leaders of organizations of all forms of ownership are not interested in solving these issues.

These facts have been repeatedly confirmed by our events with the call of citizens from the reserve. Each of them needs to be remembered and aware: in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the defense of the Fatherland is its duty and duty, and the passage of military training is aimed at ensuring the defense and security of the state.

It is gratifying that today there is a general increase in patriotic sentiment in society, but this is not a reason for complacency. Together with the authorities of all levels, it is necessary to achieve an understanding of the unity of the army and the people, when citizens in fact will consider the fulfillment of military duties not a heavy burden, but an honorable duty and a sacred duty. What is being done for this?

Based on historical experience, the General Staff is currently working to improve the system of training and accumulation of mobilization resources by creating a reserve component to ensure that the Armed Forces are provided with guaranteed military personnel mobilization resources in a timely manner. This is necessary both during the mobilization period and to resolve possible natural and man-made crisis situations.

What the experiment will show


The new system of training and accumulation of mobilization manpower must meet the mobile needs of the troops (forces), sufficient amounts of accumulation of the military-trained reserve, and the maintenance of training at the proper level. It will create such conditions when citizens in the reserve will voluntarily strive to improve their military knowledge, skills and abilities, and are guaranteed to fulfill their military duty during the call-up period for warning, turnout and military service in military units.

Some, having read these optimistic lines, may smile. Yes, there are different people with different levels of responsibility and understanding of their civic duty. But, first, the road will be mastered by walking. Secondly, in the near future a new system of citizens' staying in the reserve will start working. Its essence is that the mobilization manpower reserve will henceforth be formed in the composition of the reserve of the Armed Forces. For this purpose, with the vaults, intended for staffing the formations and military units (reservists), on a voluntary basis there will be a contract of stay in the reserve. The rest of the citizens assigned to military units belong to the mobilization human resource.

The ratio of reservists and mobilization of human resources is determined based on the number of military posts that determine the combat capability, the purpose of the deployed military units and the economic capabilities of the state.

The creation and development of the new system will be carried out systematically in conjunction with the plans for the construction of the Armed Forces. An important stage in its formation was the federal law No. 288-ФЗ “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation on the Creation of a Mobilization Human Reserve”, which entered into force on January 1 2013. It defines the relevant legal and organizational framework.

As part of the implementation of the law, the Government of the Russian Federation dated 3 of September 2015 of the year No. 933 approved the “Regulation on the procedure for the stay of citizens of the Russian Federation in the mobilization human reserve”. It determines the order of their admission to the mobilization manpower reserve in peacetime, stay in it and the exclusion from it, as well as the conclusion of the contract and its termination.

At the government level, work is underway to identify sources of funding and ensure the order of monetary payments to this category of citizens during the period of their call for military fees.

In 2015, the President of the Russian Federation signed a decree “On the creation of a mobilization human reserve of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation”, providing for an experiment to introduce a new system of training and accumulation of mobilization human resources. In 2015 – 2016, with the adoption of all necessary regulatory legal acts, we will test it. Based on the results of the work, a practical transition to a new system and the development of its infrastructure are planned.

The creation of a national reserve in the Russian Federation will make it possible to form formations and military units with minimum terms of readiness for combat use, staffed by professional specialists. The training of reservists will be provided by regular passing of military training for up to 30 days, their involvement in mobilization and tactical exercises as part of the units to which they are intended in accordance with the contract.

Responsibilities, as well as rights, as well as the conditions of stay in the reserve, we repeat, are governed by the contract. When reservists perform their respective duties, an effective system of incentive and compensation payments is provided for. Thus, the consistent implementation of measures for the preparation and accumulation of the required volumes of military-trained human resources will help to increase the mobilization readiness of the troops (forces).

Summing up, it must be said that the chosen system for recruiting the Armed Forces, including mobilization human resources, is today the best, justified by the realities of the time and assigned tasks, ensures the maintenance of the required level of combat readiness of troops (forces).
Author:
Originator:
http://vpk-news.ru/articles/27609
27 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. PlotnikoffDD
    PlotnikoffDD 25 October 2015 07: 01 New
    +5
    There is no alternative to the call.
    1. Dart2027
      Dart2027 25 October 2015 07: 32 New
      +2
      Looking where.
    2. Finches
      Finches 25 October 2015 12: 05 New
      17
      Maybe I’m hopelessly out of date, unlike the head of the General Public Administration, but I think that without a call our country will lose a lot! Therefore, I am for mixed recruitment of the Armed Forces! Here it’s even necessary to consider not the strategic factor in the formation of the mobilization resource, but the educational factor! A young man after an army and a young man without an army are slightly different young men ... Even a year of service gives a lot in the development of a young man!
      1. Shveps
        Shveps 25 October 2015 13: 06 New
        -1
        Quote: Finches
        Even a year of service gives a lot in becoming a young man!


        That's right, a year of service - gives a lot!
        In addition, the following events gave a lot of useful things:
        1. A complete reduction of the units and parts of the frame with the preservation of the RF Armed Forces only parts and units of constant readiness.
        2. Reduction of the officer corps with the liquidation of the Institute midshipmen and warrant officers.
        3. The transfer of the vast majority of officer posts in command and control units, units and units of the Rear Logistics of the Armed Forces to civilian, with the introduction of logistics support systems for commercial companies
        4. Reorganization of the military education system with a reduction in the number of educational institutions from 65 to 10 training centers. Reducing the number of military departments in civilian universities from 229 to 68
        5. Transition from a divisional-regimental system to a brigade system.
        6. Explosion of more than 20 ammunition depots and disposal of remaining expired illiquid assets.
        (now everything is only new and urgent!)
        7. Optimization of the defense industry while maintaining only the necessary plants.

        But, it was enough to appoint Shoigu and the Army became even stronger in a little over a year!
        Teaching daily, footcloths canceled. Mobilization is generally a song.
        Why do we need non-core and costly maintenance of formations and units of the cadre, officers in military enlistment offices, stocks of materiel in military units and civilian institutions, stocks of Roskomrezerv bases. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 17 July 2015, N 370 "On the creation of a mobilization reserve of people" - and everything is fine.
        We have Shoigu and Putin, we will defeat all Hurray !!!
        1. Was mammoth
          Was mammoth 25 October 2015 13: 23 New
          +9
          Quote: Shveps
          ... footcloths canceled ....

          Do not touch footcloths. This invention is significant on a par with space flight, if not higher. wink
          And a year, not enough, it seems to me.
          1. Cat hippo
            Cat hippo 25 October 2015 16: 20 New
            +7
            Footcloths are an indispensable thing !!! (proved by personal use) :-) :-)
        2. shonsu
          shonsu 25 October 2015 14: 03 New
          0
          I can not agree with your points.
        3. shonsu
          shonsu 25 October 2015 14: 03 New
          +1
          I can not agree with your points.
        4. strannik1985
          strannik1985 25 October 2015 16: 16 New
          +3
          1. And therefore, the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation will not pull the formation of a grouping of similar OGV (s) 1999-2001? Especially considering the replenishment of losses.
          By the way (the parts of constant readiness for the end of the reforms (2012) have not been created.
          2. That is, the warrant officers-commanders of WMO in SMEs, the junior commanders in repair units, communication units, etc. Not needed? It's funny
          3. And a civilian spar will send you when at +24 o’clock he and his unit go somewhere to the North Caucasus. Outsourcing to outsourcing is different, it’s one thing to remove the barracks / territory of the units, and the logistics of the military rear is another.
          5. Kandaurov wrote well about the OSH / OSh of brigades / divisions.
        5. edeligor
          edeligor 25 October 2015 21: 28 New
          0
          Thank you, at least one topic! YOU minusers when you wake up from a hangover ?!
      2. Cat hippo
        Cat hippo 25 October 2015 16: 18 New
        0
        I fully support you !!!
    3. marlin1203
      marlin1203 25 October 2015 17: 32 New
      +1
      An alternative to a call is a contract. All the rest - the course of the NVP, the preparation for the WM and to the reserve. But we won’t have that much money. soldier
      1. Vladimir 1964
        Vladimir 1964 25 October 2015 21: 10 New
        +2
        Quote: marlin1203
        An alternative to a call is a contract. All the rest - the course of NVP, preparation for the WM and to the reserve

        Dear colleague, Marlin, would you please be so kind as to clarify the situation with the mobilization reserve, which, within the territory of Russia, played, plays and will play the main role of the reserve of the Armed Forces, due to the inability to maintain a contract army comparable to the territory. Well, the NVP courses, as well as the preparation for the military-vocational training, are not a priori able to form a mobilization resource.
        It is not necessary to go far for examples; the Great Patriotic War was won by units formed already during the war years.

        Something like that, colleague. hi
      2. Per se.
        Per se. 26 October 2015 13: 55 New
        0
        Quote: marlin1203
        Alternative to call - contract
        A contract is not an alternative to a call; in our realities, a contract can only be a necessary complement. The realities for us are such that we have one of the longest borders, restless neighbors, and an incomparable population with its territory and natural wealth. It’s hardly reasonable to blame the USA, on the one hand friendly Canada, and on the other hand controlled and weak Mexico, real enemies far beyond the oceans dominated by the American fleet. In addition, we do not print dollars to contain a fully contracted army. The way out is seen in mixed manning, with an increase in military service up to three to four years and the simultaneous introduction of civilian military service for those who are unfit or are not needed for the army. Military duty should be mandatory for all, including girls, as during the war, either "at the front" or in the rear, "for the front." The civil service may provide for both working off at defense enterprises and paying part of the salary to support those who will actually serve in the army. At the same time, nothing prevents even for the civil service from teaching the young fighter course and the basics of civil defense. Every citizen of Russia should be ready for the defense of his country, taking the oath of allegiance. There should be no “white tickets”, everyone should, to the best of their ability, contribute to the defense of the Fatherland. Why our legislators rested in this one year of service, and the military does not require a new reasonable approach to solving the problem, is another matter.
  2. venaya
    venaya 25 October 2015 07: 18 New
    +1
    the system of manning of the Armed Forces that we have chosen today is optimal, justified by the realities of the time and the assigned tasks

    It is only today. Now time is running fast, unexpected new tasks are arising and naturally you need to be prepared for any changes, that is, you need to be flexible in all respects.
    1. 222222
      222222 25 October 2015 09: 35 New
      0
      Personnel Mobilization Reserve
      = current mobilization reserve - the number of people to be drafted in the current year;
      = organized mobilization reserve - the number of people who previously served in the armed forces;
      = potential mobilization reserve - the number of people who can be drafted into the armed forces in the event of a global war.
      "" Let NATO continue to think that the Russian army will be able to expose at a hypothetical “Hour” only 5 well-trained reservists. A very unpleasant surprise can turn out for them - when they discover the whole “secret” divisions and armies, ready to fight back any aggressor by order of the command. "
      View in full: http://politrussia.com/vooruzhennye-sily/rezerv-idet-na-286/
      Mob reserve personnel is excellent .. But. The task is more ambitious, the task of great national importance. I. Lenin in his speech at the working-army conference in the Rogozh-Simonovsky district of Moscow in May 1920 said: "In any war, victory is ultimately determined by the state of mind of those masses who shed their blood on the battlefield. Conviction in justice of war, the awareness of the need to sacrifice your life for the benefit of your brothers raises the spirit of the soldiers and makes them endure unheard of burdens "

      ... But .without ideology in the state ... ((Article 13
      1. The Russian Federation recognizes ideological diversity.
      2. No ideology can be established as a state or mandatory.)) And a state attitude towards the formation and education of future defenders of the Fatherland from birth is not possible to successfully solve problems on the battlefield ...
      1. varov14
        varov14 25 October 2015 21: 24 New
        0
        Obtaining the necessary military training in a timely manner is clearly not harmful, but fighting for the oligarchs is a big question. somehow with ideology it is necessary to determine what and what we are building.
  3. Hubun
    Hubun 25 October 2015 09: 11 New
    +2
    frankly, I really like what is happening to the army now, if it continues, it’s just fine.
  4. parafoiler
    parafoiler 25 October 2015 10: 31 New
    0
    Enduring and legendary, keep it up !!!
  5. cniza
    cniza 25 October 2015 11: 25 New
    +6
    The call should be, at least for half a year, to create a reserve trained in elementary skills.
  6. alicante11
    alicante11 25 October 2015 15: 15 New
    +8
    I believe that every man is obliged to defend his homeland. It’s sick to look at many Syrians and Ukrainians who are fleeing the war instead of taking up arms and defending their land. At the same time, having no military training whatsoever, a person will not be useful in a war, but will only be a burden. Therefore, universal military training for mass military specialties is urgently needed. True, for this there is absolutely no need to fall out of life for a year or two. Military training may consist of several levels. Firstly, compulsory military training, included in the course of basic general education. At which acquaintance with weapons is made. At the second stage, upon receipt of secondary or secondary specialized education, a military specialty is determined to which a person has a tendency and the creation of a combat-ready unit from him as a result of good mastery of certain types of weapons and methods of their use. And at the third stage - at short-term training camps (a month, two, three months) through intensive field training on the basis of training centers, units are created that can be deployed during mobilization. Moreover, the units should have the most permanent composition, so that people know with whom they will have to fight, if something happens. In the future, once every several years, it is necessary to refresh skills and coordinate units at field training camps. At the same time, troops of constant combat readiness should be fully formed on a professional basis.
  7. Kilo-11
    Kilo-11 25 October 2015 17: 54 New
    +3
    Absolutely the entire male population of the Russian Federation should undergo military service, without any exceptions. Moreover, the children of any "respected people" / officials, bourgeoisie, etc. / must serve in military service in a motorized rifle division, which should be deployed specifically for them in Trans-Baikal Territory, and not in all scientific and archival companies. The term of urgent service is 2 years for all branches and types of troops. All sergeant personnel, specialists, special forces are manned exclusively on a professional basis. In each region of the Russian Federation, having a connection is part of the reserve or not, it depends on the population of the region, and what about the different types of troops (including the Air Force), where the reservists will be retraining, the term of the retraining of the reservist is at least 3 months, every 2-3 years. In my opinion, only that.
  8. kvs207
    kvs207 25 October 2015 19: 53 New
    +3
    Quote: Kilo-11
    Absolutely the entire male population of the Russian Federation should undergo military service, without any exceptions. Moreover, the children of any "respected people" / officials, bourgeoisie, etc. / must serve in military service in a motorized rifle division, which should be deployed specifically for them in Trans-Baikal Territory, and not in all scientific and archival companies. The term of urgent service is 2 years for all branches and types of troops. All sergeant personnel, specialists, special forces are manned exclusively on a professional basis. In each region of the Russian Federation, having a connection is part of the reserve or not, it depends on the population of the region, and what about the different types of troops (including the Air Force), where the reservists will be retraining, the term of the retraining of the reservist is at least 3 months, every 2-3 years. In my opinion, only that.


    I think that we need a mixed principle of manning the army. On the one hand, when I saw that the number of "infantry" is a little more than 130 thousand people. stunned. And despite the fact that we have the largest country. In troops where professionals are needed, such as armored, to recruit contractors, and conscripts will also cope with the rest, with a "sensitive" leadership. Of course, a year of service is not enough, it would be nice for one and a half - 6 months. study and year, the actual service. The role of sergeants to increase, as well as the quality of their training.
    In military schools, accept only those who have served so that there are no freeloaders, and slope, and get higher education. By the way, and pull up the cadets of these schools. When you see them, calmly walking and ignoring the oncoming military, regardless of rank, it is, at least, surprising.
    And most importantly, it is necessary to make the service in the army truly honorable.
  9. 31rus
    31rus 25 October 2015 21: 10 New
    0
    I don’t know, but something is missing, in terms of the reserve, everything is vague, there are no clearly defined laws, regulations, during the time specified in the decree, a person changes his specialty and his fitness parameters, i.e. health
  10. Green1976
    Green1976 25 October 2015 22: 23 New
    0
    I believe that in addition to the mobile reserve, it is necessary to create territorial militia units, in case of centric conflicts, some time will pass before the units are deployed and the population will be face to face (which will undoubtedly affect the population not for the better)
    1. strannik1985
      strannik1985 26 October 2015 06: 37 New
      0
      These are needed by the poor or small, where the territories perform the functions of ordinary peacetime / wartime armed forces, why do we need this?
      I also understand the units and formations of the provision from reservists (US NG, the British Territorial Army), but why duplicate?
  11. evgmiz
    evgmiz 26 October 2015 00: 06 New
    0
    Quote: Finches
    Maybe I’m hopelessly out of date, unlike the head of the General Public Administration, but I think that without a call our country will lose a lot! Therefore, I am for mixed recruitment of the Armed Forces! Here it’s even necessary to consider not the strategic factor in the formation of the mobilization resource, but the educational factor! A young man after an army and a young man without an army are slightly different young men ... Even a year of service gives a lot in the development of a young man!

    I agree with this approach. Without a call, we are left almost without a mobile reserve. In addition, DOSAAF was turned into a commercial organization, the youth are looking at Kalashnikov as a curiosity, the shooting ranges, at least accessible to the masses, have disappeared, shooting clubs are only elite ...
  12. Green1976
    Green1976 26 October 2015 00: 22 New
    0
    Terror does not require a large group, and there will be many victims of its use. Troops against partisans are not particularly effective. Therefore, in addition to the mobile reserve from external threats, it is necessary to create a territorial self-defense force, with a clear warning system and interaction with law enforcement agencies + conducting joint exercises and fees.
    1. strannik1985
      strannik1985 26 October 2015 05: 40 New
      0
      And why do we need VV / MVD / FSB?
  13. Rich-ksy
    Rich-ksy 26 October 2015 07: 05 New
    0
    Service is service, and you need to start from school, with patriotic education. In the film "Officers" the phrase "The commander must think. And not just wave the saber." That's what you need to start with school.