Military Review

Our memory. Armory temple of Tula. 1 part

30
Tula can not be called a city-museum. Until. But the fact that the city itself is built around weapons is a fact. And, accordingly, the most interesting in the museums of Tula is weapon. It is in museums, because not in one. This year, part of the exhibitions combined in a huge four-story building in the center. And the exposition remained in the building of the former church on the territory of the Kremlin. But about that exhibition in another part, she deserves it.


And we will begin our next excursion from the main exhibition.

What can be said about this complex? Yes, the same as about the Kremlin. Temple. The temple of weapons creativity and ... In short, it must be seen. There are not enough words, but anyone who has been there, if he doesn’t end up with Wust, will most likely say roughly the same thing. In any normal man, the spirit intercepts on the second floor. And there are four of them.

The first time I visited the museum "raid", just looked at the exhibits. But on the eve of the current 9 May there was a hefty reconstruction. Walking and watching became easier to shoot - penal servitude. Point lighting of shop windows and 20-mm bulletproof glass greatly interferes. But, as one of the guards said, we feel calm.

The first floor of the museum and the basement are used for household premises (cafe wardrobes, etc.), the second is now an exhibition of weapons until the 20 century from the creation of Tula, the third floor is the First World War and the Great Patriotic War. Well, above - modernity.

Let's start from the third floor. Karamultuki leave for a snack.

Let's start with the machine guns of the First World War. The exhibition is very, very impressive.


Browning machine gun model M30. American


This is his Polish counterpart. M30A


Browning M39. Also made in Poland


Briton Vikkers mxnumx


Colt Model 1914 of the Year


Maxim machine gun. Made in Finland


And this is Russian Maxim


German. MG-08


Fun easel variation. MG-08s. "Total" 34 kg weighs


Machine gun Saint-Étienne. France, 1912 year


Machine gun Schwarzlose. Austria-Hungary, 1912 year

The exhibition of weapons of the Second World is just awesome. There is probably no point in bringing it all up, people are all advanced with us, what does the PCA and MP-40 look like in the course. Therefore, for this part, I chose something that is not so common in photographs because of its rarity. Well, the fact that very well happened.


Automatic rifle Colonel Yasnikov. One of the pioneers of the creators of automatic weapons


Sniper Mosinka and AVT-40


Showcase with samples of American weapons


Browning Machine Gun M1918


Walter arr. 1938


Self-loading rifles, "Made in Tula"


Samples of small arms of the USSR started the war


Voivodina pistol


Garand M1. The first massively used automatic rifle in the world


Brothers "Degtari" - infantry and tank


Soviet air guns: Spit, Berezina, Komarnitsky


UBS machine gun


Legendary Colt M1911


Pistol Korovin arr. 1922


Pistol Korovin arr. 1935


Submachine gun Korovin. This weapon was fully armed Tula regiment of the national militia


Manual machine gun Lakti-Saloranta, 1926, Finland


Luger, which "Parabellum"


Model "Luger" with an extended barrel for the Navy


Soviet "Maxim"


MG-42


Nagan revolvers sample 1930 g.


First soviet aviation machine guns: PV-1 and YES




Submachine gun Korovin arr. 1931


Submachine gun Tokarev arr. 1928


Submachine gun Tokarev arr. 1939


Submachine gun Degtyarev arr. 1940


Maroshek anti-tank gun. Poland, 1937


German anti-tank rocket launcher "Pupchen"




Stand dedicated to the Tula gunsmith workers




Flare guns


Machine gun Goryunova


First assault rifle StG-44


Pistol Tokarev arr. 1939


"Tula Tokarev"




Prototypes of weapons developed in Tula


Submachine gun Bergman-Schmeisser MP-18

Special attention deserves a small exposure from the Tula "Lefties". All these exhibits are not just large-scale copies of military weapons, they are fighting. That is, shooting. And there are cartridges for them too. The dimensions of the square with the number 24 x 24 millimeter. According to them, we can conclude about the size of the model.


In this "Maxim" for shooting, you need to fill 3-4 "cube" of water









By the way, these are not the smallest working models. In another branch there is even less. So there will be something to show and tell about.
Author:
Photos used:
Roman Skomorokhov
30 comments
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  1. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak 21 October 2015 07: 02 New
    +9
    Hmm ... in my childhood I had a Korovin pistol arr 1935, I was 9-10 years old then. In the photo, on the TOZ handle it is written - I had exactly one like this. A friend found him in a vegetable garden in the Starobeshevsky district, Donetsk region, when he was digging potatoes. I exchanged it for a good hunting knife, which, in turn, I also got by unknown ways of children's exchange.)))) The inside of the pistol was all rotten, there was no store, the barrel was in ulcers, in general a piece of iron. It was small in size - "ladies'" as the people say. But it was great to play war games. This pistol was mercilessly exchanged by me for a bunch of soldiers of the Donetsk toy factory, INDIANS AND COWBOYS.)))) And also pirates and Vikings. In general, I then bought several sets of soldiers.))) I still have the toy soldiers, thanks to my mother.))) When I grew up I learned that this pistol had an interesting 6,5 caliber, they were armed with command staff, thanks to the size of the pistol it fit in pockets uniforms.
    1. forwarder
      forwarder 21 October 2015 10: 44 New
      -5
      Quote: Nagaibak
      Korovin's pistol arr 1935

      TC. Slightly reworked CIVIL Browning on a slightly reinforced cartridge. It's a strange thing. Browning never pierced the bones of the skull. was a civilian weapon. For this he was very much appreciated by suicides, it was possible to shoot himself carefully, without splashing all around with brains. Actually, in pre-revolutionary Russia it was called that, "a neat suicide pistol." It was on free sale.
      TC already pierced some bones of the skull. But, far from all. Therefore, it was not easy for a Soviet general to shoot himself if necessary. In addition, the native cartridges of the TC were not always used, they often used cartridges from Browning.
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    4. FIREMAN
      FIREMAN 21 October 2015 17: 28 New
      +1
      Nagaybak (1) SU Today, 07:02 AM New
      Korovin’s pistol arr 1935 ... this pistol had an interesting caliber of 6,5,

      Pistol Korovin arr. 1926 yearcaliber 6.35 (cartridge 6.35x15 Browning).
      I would advise you to study the materiel in more detail. Yours faithfully hi

      I had a chance to shoot from such a case, the ejection of cartridges up, the recoil is almost not felt as a personal weapon mediocre, either as a last argument, or for hidden carrying.
      1. Nagaibak
        Nagaibak 21 October 2015 20: 15 New
        0
        FIREMAN "Korovin's pistol, Model 1926, caliber 6.35 (cartridge 6.35x15 Browning).
        I would advise you to study the materiel in more detail. Yours faithfully."
        I wrote a sample of 1935, so that it would be clear to the rest of what is discussed in the photo, it is so indicated.)))
        Caliber indicated because I do not remember exactly, but it was too lazy to look. And in principle, I did not set myself the goal of disassembling the performance characteristics of this gun. I wrote more about the feelings of childhood.))))
        In general, the pistol was not called the Korovin Pistol.))) This is your materiel worth pulling up and knowing the correct name for the pistol.)))
        Especially for you. Sincerely.
        "The 1926-mm TK pistol (Tula, Korovin), designed by him in 6,35, was adopted for production as a civilian model of personal weapons." Page 17. D.N. Bolotin History of Soviet small arms and cartridges. Polygon. 1995. St. Petersburg.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. FIREMAN
          FIREMAN 21 October 2015 23: 04 New
          0
          I did not try to hurt you at all. Nagaybak and especially not in my rules to put a minus for it. I just clarified some points. AT my understanding if you are already talking about a particular type of weapon, especially on a site where military topics are discussed, then comments should be made competently. As for the mat. part, I do not think that in the book of Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Lieutenant General of Artillery b twice Hero of Socialist Labor Blagonravov A.A. "Material part of small arms". 1940 onwards T.1 p.131 (Fig. 95 and 96) gives the wrong name of the pistol. By the way, in the same book, the TT pistol is named correctly "Pistol of the 1930 model", and not "TT".
          Best regards
          1. The comment was deleted.
          2. Nagaibak
            Nagaibak 22 October 2015 07: 23 New
            0
            FIREMAN "I did not try to hurt you at all. Nagaybak, and even more so it is not in my rules to put a minus for it."
            I didn't give you a minus either. It is not in my rules to put a minus during a discussion with an opponent.))) Above, I explained why I wrote it, and not otherwise.))) Explain to you again?))) ON THE PHOTO HE IS PICTURED EXACTLY UNDER SUCH SAUCE. Of course, I could paint this way and that and explain that he is actually a different year of publication. For a fig?))) I did not write about this. Your comment in my understanding would be legitimate if I started speculating about the characteristics of the pistol. Well, if you are talking about accuracy and make comments to others, then you yourself must be accurate and provide data competently. Moreover, in the name of the pistol. I don't know about Blagonravov, the wiki contains a bunch of links on this pistol and its name is TK. By the way, Zhuk also has it. And Bolotin is not a layman in this case, if that. D.N. Bolotin is the author of more than 150 scientific works, including "Soviet small arms for 50 years", published in 1967 by the Military-Historical Museum of Artillery, Engineering Corps and Signal Corps, and "Soviet Small Arms" published by "Voenizdat" in 1983 and republished in 1986, 1990 and 1995. He is certainly not a general or a Hero))), but only a doctor of historical sciences.))) True, Shpitalny, Simonov, Kalashnikov stood for his doctoral defense. And the topic of the dissertation was "Rearmament of the Soviet Army with Small Arms 1917-1967."
            And this is from VIKI ... "In 1925, the Dynamo sports society ordered the Tula arms factory to develop a compact pistol chambered for 6,35 × 15 mm Browning as a civilian self-defense weapon.
            Work on the creation of a pistol took place in the design bureau of the Tula arms factory. In the fall of 1926, the gunsmith designer S. A. Korovin completed the development of the pistol, which received the name TK pistol (Tula Korovina). At the same time, the cartridge was also slightly modified: its energy was increased from the original 88-94 J to 104 J (the initial velocity of the bullet increased to 228 m / s), while the full compatibility of both the pistol with the original cartridge and the cartridge with foreign pistols was preserved under the original cartridge.

            At the end of 1926, TOZ began production of a pistol, the following year the pistol was approved for use, having received the official name "Tula pistol, Korovin, model 1926." However, it was not officially adopted.
            Between the fall of 1926 and 1935, several tens of thousands of Korovins were produced, but the exact number of pistols fired was unknown.
            TK pistols entered service with employees of the NKVD of the USSR, middle and senior command staff of the Red Army, civil servants and party workers.
            Also, the TC was used as a gift or award weapon (for example, cases of rewarding him with the Stakhanovites are known).
            After the start of World War II, in 1941-1942. due to the increased need for personal weapons for the army and the shortage of TT pistols, some TK was transferred to the arsenal of the Red Army junior command personnel.
            In the period after the Great Patriotic War, TK pistols were kept for some time in savings banks as a backup weapon for employees and collectors. "
  2. Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 21 October 2015 07: 16 New
    12
    Very interesting collection of photos. Photographs of Tokarev's pre-war experimental submachine guns especially attracted attention. However, I believe that the author should have been more careful and careful in preparing the captions for the photo, as the American Browning machine gun with a water-cooled barrel was called M1917 or M1917A1, and its Polish version was called Wz.30, in the photo signed as a light machine gun The Browning М1918 is actually its Polish version of the Wz.28, in the photo with the signature MG-42 it flaunts quite a MG-34. On the picture
    Sniper mosquito and AVT-40.
    under the "mosinka" not an automatic version of Tokarevskaya "svetka", but the French shop Berthier arr. 1907/15. Enough and other blunders. But overall I liked everything.
    I have the honor.
    1. avt
      avt 21 October 2015 08: 07 New
      +1
      Quote: Aleksandr72
      . There are also enough other mistakes.

      Walter arr. 1938
      The author is sure that the photo is "Walter", not an Englishman ??
      1. major124
        major124 21 October 2015 09: 01 New
        +1
        It also seemed to me that this is the British Webley-Scott 1906
    2. inkass_98
      inkass_98 21 October 2015 08: 22 New
      +2
      I didn’t set a minus, the work was done a lot, but there are too many errors, which is not good. Among the American weapons, Lee-Enfield has made a mess of his life, the BAR is not a light machine gun, it was still going like an automatic rifle, as the name suggests. P-08 artillery model, it also has a longer barrel than the army ... Well, etc., colleague Alexander72 already registered.
  3. wadim13
    wadim13 21 October 2015 07: 45 New
    +4
    SVT with a drum magazine - was it really like that? I would like more details.
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 21 October 2015 07: 59 New
    +2
    Tula Armory... Very precisely. Thank you for the magnificent tour .. In Part II, will we move to another room? ..
  5. RPG_
    RPG_ 21 October 2015 08: 32 New
    +3
    Hmm ... M1 Garand is a semi-automatic rifle, On the signature of MG42, and the photo shows MG34. Yes, there are enough stocks.
  6. Batia
    Batia 21 October 2015 09: 16 New
    0
    The author was intrigued. I have never been to this museum. Now I’ll definitely get there, although I live a little farther.
  7. -Dmitry-
    -Dmitry- 21 October 2015 10: 13 New
    +2
    Quote: karelia-molot
    And what do you think she is?

    In the American language - semi-automatic, if we use our terms, then self-loading.
  8. -Dmitry-
    -Dmitry- 21 October 2015 10: 15 New
    +1
    But the stocks are really enough.
    Surprised, presumably AVT-40 with a drum magazine.
  9. forwarder
    forwarder 21 October 2015 10: 34 New
    -3
    Garand M1. The first massively used automatic rifle in the world

    Self-loading, i.e. semi-automatic.
    Submachine gun Korovin. This weapon was fully armed Tula regiment of the national militia

    I feel sorry for his fighters. This insanity is even cooler than the "company of machine gunners". There is a whole "regiment of machine gunners" here.
    First assault rifle StG-44

    The signature is correct. But now a kaput will come running with its many clones and they will all assure that the first assault rifle was a funny fart of AF.
  10. jgil
    jgil 21 October 2015 11: 28 New
    +1
    negative The author is not a specialist in small arms and not a historian.
    I expected much more from the article.
  11. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 21 October 2015 12: 08 New
    +1
    A very interesting article. For the first time I saw a rocket launcher, i.e. flare pistol with a buttstock, albeit a folding one. And about "pour 3-4 cubes of water in the maxim" I don't know. 1 cubic meter is 1000 liters. water, 4 m³ = 4 thousand liters.
  12. mongolos
    mongolos 21 October 2015 13: 00 New
    0
    ... on the territory of the Tula Kremlin, there is another museum dedicated to weapons-related topics. There is a lot of interesting things .. moreover, judging by the photos posted in this article, there are exclusive masterpieces ... and in general, TULA is a beautiful, cozy Russian city ... Respect and bow to Tula masters))
  13. alex-cn
    alex-cn 21 October 2015 17: 05 New
    +1
    Don’t tremble the author like that, how many of us will be able to visit the museum. So at least in the photo to admire this magnificence!
  14. moskowit
    moskowit 21 October 2015 19: 28 New
    +1
    The selection is interesting, the author did his best, but many commentators are right. Some explanatory captions are not correct. I would recommend the author to clarify where serial samples are, and where are experimental ones, or even the only ones. Russian "Maxim" was always added during the performance: on the Sokolov machine ...
  15. kvs207
    kvs207 21 October 2015 22: 09 New
    +2
    Quote: sanya.vorodis
    For "maxim" that in the photo - 3-4 cubic centimeters!

    Maybe cubic decimeters, that is, "liters" after all?
    The material is interesting, and I want to go there. My study was located 60 km from Tula, but I couldn’t get to the museum (((
  16. By001261
    By001261 22 October 2015 05: 49 New
    0
    Article plus a great review thanks.