Our memory. Armory temple of Tula. 1 part

Tula can not be called a city-museum. Until. But the fact that the city itself is built around weapons is a fact. And, accordingly, the most interesting in the museums of Tula is weapon. It is in museums, because not in one. This year, part of the exhibitions combined in a huge four-story building in the center. And the exposition remained in the building of the former church on the territory of the Kremlin. But about that exhibition in another part, she deserves it.

And we will begin our next excursion from the main exhibition.

What can be said about this complex? Yes, the same as about the Kremlin. Temple. The temple of weapons creativity and ... In short, it must be seen. There are not enough words, but anyone who has been there, if he doesn’t end up with Wust, will most likely say roughly the same thing. In any normal man, the spirit intercepts on the second floor. And there are four of them.

The first time I visited the museum "raid", just looked at the exhibits. But on the eve of the current 9 May there was a hefty reconstruction. Walking and watching became easier to shoot - penal servitude. Point lighting of shop windows and 20-mm bulletproof glass greatly interferes. But, as one of the guards said, we feel calm.

The first floor of the museum and the basement are used for household premises (cafe wardrobes, etc.), the second is now an exhibition of weapons until the 20 century from the creation of Tula, the third floor is the First World War and the Great Patriotic War. Well, above - modernity.

Let's start from the third floor. Karamultuki leave for a snack.

Let's start with the machine guns of the First World War. The exhibition is very, very impressive.

Browning machine gun model M30. American

This is his Polish counterpart. M30A

Browning M39. Also made in Poland

Briton Vikkers mxnumx

Colt Model 1914 of the Year

Maxim machine gun. Made in Finland

And this is Russian Maxim

German. MG-08

Fun easel variation. MG-08s. "Total" 34 kg weighs

Machine gun Saint-Étienne. France, 1912 year

Machine gun Schwarzlose. Austria-Hungary, 1912 year

The exhibition of weapons of the Second World is just awesome. There is probably no point in bringing it all up, people are all advanced with us, what does the PCA and MP-40 look like in the course. Therefore, for this part, I chose something that is not so common in photographs because of its rarity. Well, the fact that very well happened.

Automatic rifle Colonel Yasnikov. One of the pioneers of the creators of automatic weapons

Sniper Mosinka and AVT-40

Showcase with samples of American weapons

Browning Machine Gun M1918

Walter arr. 1938

Self-loading rifles, "Made in Tula"

Samples of small arms of the USSR started the war

Voivodina pistol

Garand M1. The first massively used automatic rifle in the world

Brothers "Degtari" - infantry and tank

Soviet air guns: Spit, Berezina, Komarnitsky

UBS machine gun

Legendary Colt M1911

Pistol Korovin arr. 1922

Pistol Korovin arr. 1935

Submachine gun Korovin. This weapon was fully armed Tula regiment of the national militia

Manual machine gun Lakti-Saloranta, 1926, Finland

Luger, which "Parabellum"

Model "Luger" with an extended barrel for the Navy

Soviet "Maxim"


Nagan revolvers sample 1930 g.

First soviet aviation machine guns: PV-1 and YES

Submachine gun Korovin arr. 1931

Submachine gun Tokarev arr. 1928

Submachine gun Tokarev arr. 1939

Submachine gun Degtyarev arr. 1940

Maroshek anti-tank gun. Poland, 1937

German anti-tank rocket launcher "Pupchen"

Stand dedicated to the Tula gunsmith workers

Flare guns

Machine gun Goryunova

First assault rifle StG-44

Pistol Tokarev arr. 1939

"Tula Tokarev"

Prototypes of weapons developed in Tula

Submachine gun Bergman-Schmeisser MP-18

Special attention deserves a small exposure from the Tula "Lefties". All these exhibits are not just large-scale copies of military weapons, they are fighting. That is, shooting. And there are cartridges for them too. The dimensions of the square with the number 24 x 24 millimeter. According to them, we can conclude about the size of the model.

In this "Maxim" for shooting, you need to fill 3-4 "cube" of water

By the way, these are not the smallest working models. In another branch there is even less. So there will be something to show and tell about.
Photos used:
Roman Skomorokhov
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  1. Nagaibak 21 October 2015 07: 02 New
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    Мда... был у меня в детстве пистолет Коровина обр 1935 года мне тогда лет 9-10 было. На фото, на рукоятке ТОЗ написано- у меня точно такой был. Товарищ его нашел в огороде в Старобешевском р-не, Донецкой области когда картошку копал. Я его выменял на хороший нож охотничий, который в свою очередь мне достался тоже неведомыми путями детского обмена.)))) Внутрянка у пистолета вся сгнила, магазина не было, ствол был в язвах, в общем кусок железа . Размером он был маленький- "дамский" как в народе говорят. Зато в войнушку играть было классно. Данный пистолет был безжалостно обменен мной на кучу солдатиков Донецкой игрушечной фабрики ИНДЕЙЦЕВ И КОВБОЙЦЕВ.)))) А еще пиратов и викингов. В общем несколько наборов солдатиков я тогда приобрел.))) Солдатики у меня до сих пор сохранились, благодаря маме.))) Когда вырос узнал, что данный пистолет имел интересный калибр 6,5, им вооружали комсостав, благодаря размеру пистолет помещался в карманах форменной одежды.
    1. forwarder 21 October 2015 10: 44 New
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      Quote: Nagaibak
      Korovin's pistol arr 1935

      TC. A slightly redone CIVIL Browning on a slightly reinforced cartridge. Strange thing. I never pierced the bones of the skull at all, because was a civilian weapon. Suicides were very much appreciated for this, it was possible to shoot accurately, without sprinkling everything around with brains. Actually, in pre-revolutionary Russia it was called so, "a neat suicide gun." It was in free sale.
      TC already pierced some bones of the skull. But, far from all. Therefore, it was not easy for a Soviet general to shoot himself if necessary. In addition, the native cartridges of the TC were not always used, they often used cartridges from Browning.
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    4. FIREMAN 21 October 2015 17: 28 New
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      Nagaybak (1) SU Today, 07:02 AM New
      пистолет Коровина обр 1935 года ... данный пистолет имел интересный калибр 6,5,

      Pistol Korovin arr. 1926 yearcaliber 6.35 (cartridge 6.35x15 Browning).
      I would advise you to study the materiel in more detail. Yours faithfully hi

      I had a chance to shoot from such a case, the ejection of cartridges up, the recoil is almost not felt as a personal weapon mediocre, either as a last argument, or for hidden carrying.
      1. Nagaibak 21 October 2015 20: 15 New
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        FIREMAN "Korovin pistol, model 1926, caliber 6.35 (cartridge 6.35x15 Browning).
        I would advise you to study the materiel in more detail. Yours faithfully."
        I wrote a sample of 1935, so that it would be clear to the rest of what is discussed in the photo, it is so indicated.)))
        Caliber indicated because I do not remember exactly, but it was too lazy to look. And in principle, I did not set myself the goal of disassembling the performance characteristics of this gun. I wrote more about the feelings of childhood.))))
        In general, the pistol was not called the Korovin Pistol.))) This is your materiel worth pulling up and knowing the correct name for the pistol.)))
        Especially for you. Sincerely.
        "The 1926 mm TK pistol (Tula, Korovin) he designed in 6,35 was adopted for manufacture as a civilian model of personal weapons." Page 17. D.N. Bolotin History of Soviet small arms and ammunition. Landfill. 1995. St. Petersburg.
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        2. FIREMAN 21 October 2015 23: 04 New
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          Нисколько не пытался Вас уязвить ув. Нагайбак и тем более не в моих правилах ставить за это минуса. Я лишь уточнил некоторые моменты. В my understanding if you’re already talking about a particular type of weapon, especially on a site where military topics are being discussed, then comments should be given with knowledge of the matter. As for the mat. parts, I don’t think that in the book of the academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, the lieutenant general of artillery b twice Hero of Socialist Labor A. Blagonravov "Material part of small arms." 1940 onwards T.1 p.131 (Fig. 95 and 96) shows the wrong name of the gun. Incidentally, in the same book the TT pistol is correctly named the 1930 Pistol, and not the TT.
          Best regards
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          2. Nagaibak 22 October 2015 07: 23 New
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            FIREMAN "I did not try to hurt you at all. Uv. Nagaybak and especially not in my rules to put a minus for it."
            I didn’t give you a minus either. It’s not in my rules to put a minus in a discussion with an opponent.))) I explained above why I wrote it, but not otherwise.))) Once again explain to you?))) IN THE PHOTO IT IS IMAGED EXACTLY UNDER SUCH SAUCE. Of course, I could paint this way and that and explain that they say he is actually a different year of publication. On a fig?))) I did not write about the same. Your comment, in my understanding, would be legitimate if I started to speculate on the characteristics of the gun. Well, as long as you talk about accuracy and make comments to others, you yourself must be accurate and provide data with knowledge of the matter. Especially in the name of the gun. I don’t know about Blagonravov, the wiki has a lot of links for this gun and its name is TK. By the way, Zhuk also has it. Yes, and Bolotin is not a layman in this case, if that. D.N. Bolotin is the author of more than 150 scientific works, including Soviet Small Arms in 50 Years, published in 1967 by the Military History Museum of Artillery, Engineering and Signal Corps, and Soviet Small Arms published by Military Publishing in 1983 and reprinted in 1986, 1990 and 1995. He is certainly not a general and not a Hero))), but only a doctor of historical sciences.))) True, Shpitalny, Simonov, Kalashnikov acted on his doctoral defense. And the topic of the dissertation was "Re-equipment of the Soviet Army with small arms 1917-1967."
            And this is from VIKI ... "In 1925, the Dynamo sports society ordered the Tula Arms Plant to develop a compact pistol chambered for 6,35 × 15 mm Browning as a civilian self-defense weapon.
            Work on the creation of a pistol took place in the design bureau of the Tula arms factory. In the fall of 1926, the gunsmith designer S. A. Korovin completed the development of the pistol, which received the name TK pistol (Tula Korovina). At the same time, the cartridge was also slightly modified: its energy was increased from the original 88-94 J to 104 J (the initial velocity of the bullet increased to 228 m / s), while the full compatibility of both the pistol with the original cartridge and the cartridge with foreign pistols was preserved under the original cartridge.

            At the end of 1926, TOZ began production of a pistol, the following year the pistol was approved for use, having received the official name "Tula pistol, Korovin, model 1926." However, it was not officially adopted.
            Between the fall of 1926 and 1935, several tens of thousands of Korovins were produced, but the exact number of pistols fired was unknown.
            TK pistols entered service with employees of the NKVD of the USSR, middle and senior command staff of the Red Army, civil servants and party workers.
            Also, the TC was used as a gift or award weapon (for example, cases of rewarding him with the Stakhanovites are known).
            After the start of World War II, in 1941-1942. due to the increased need for personal weapons for the army and the shortage of TT pistols, some TK was transferred to the arsenal of the Red Army junior command personnel.
            In the period after the Great Patriotic War, TK pistols were stored in savings banks for some time as a backup weapon for employees and collectors. "
  2. Aleksandr72 21 October 2015 07: 16 New
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    Very interesting photo selection. The photographs of the pre-war experimental Tokarev submachine guns were especially attracted. However, I believe that the author should be more careful and careful in preparing the signatures for the photo, so the American Browning easel machine gun with a water-cooled barrel was called M1917 or M1917A1, and its Polish version was called Wz.30, in the photo signed as a light machine gun "Browning" M1918 is actually its Polish version of Wz.28, in the photo with the signature MG-42 flaunts quite a MG-34. On the picture
    Sniper mosquito and AVT-40.
    under the "mosinka" is not the automatic version of Tokarevskaya "little light", but the French shop Berthier arr. 1907/15. There are also enough other mistakes. But overall I liked everything.
    I have the honor.
    1. avt
      avt 21 October 2015 08: 07 New
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      Quote: Aleksandr72
      . There are also enough other mistakes.

      Walter arr. 1938
      Автор точно уверен что на фото ,,Вальтер" ,а не англичанин??
      1. major124 21 October 2015 09: 01 New
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        It also seemed to me that this is the British Webley-Scott 1906
    2. inkass_98 21 October 2015 08: 22 New
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      Минус ставить не стал, работа проделана большая, а вот ошибок слишком много, что не есть хорошо. Среди американского оружия Ли-Энфилд затесался, BAR не есть ручной пулемет, он все-таки как автоматическая винтовка шел, что и из названия явствует. Р-08 артиллерийской модели, у нее тоже ствол длиннее, чем у армейской... Ну и т.д., коллега Александр72 прописал уже.
  3. wadim13 21 October 2015 07: 45 New
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    SVT with a drum magazine - was it really like that? I would like more details.
  4. parusnik 21 October 2015 07: 59 New
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    Tula Armory... Very precisely. Thank you for the magnificent tour .. In Part II, will we move to another room? ..
  5. RPG_ 21 October 2015 08: 32 New
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    Hmm ... M1 Garand is a semi-automatic rifle, On the signature of MG42, and the photo shows MG34. Yes, there are enough stocks.
  6. Batia 21 October 2015 09: 16 New
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    The author was intrigued. I have never been to this museum. Now I’ll definitely get there, although I live a little farther.
  7. -Dmitry- 21 October 2015 10: 13 New
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    Quote: karelia-molot
    And what do you think she is?

    In the American language - semi-automatic, if we use our terms, then self-loading.
  8. -Dmitry- 21 October 2015 10: 15 New
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    But the stocks are really enough.
    Surprised, presumably AVT-40 with a drum magazine.
  9. forwarder 21 October 2015 10: 34 New
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    Garand M1. The first massively used automatic rifle in the world

    Self-loading, i.e. semi-automatic.
    Submachine gun Korovin. This weapon was fully armed Tula regiment of the national militia

    I feel sorry for his fighters. This insanity is even cooler than the "company of machine gunners." Here is a whole "regiment of machine gunners."
    First assault rifle StG-44

    The signature is correct. But now a kaput will come running with its many clones and they will all assure that the first assault rifle was a funny fart of AF.
  10. jgil 21 October 2015 11: 28 New
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    negative The author is not a specialist in small arms and not a historian.
    I expected much more from the article.
  11. ivanovbg 21 October 2015 12: 08 New
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    Очень интересная статия. Впервые увидел ракетницу, т.е. сигнальный пистолет с прикладом, хоть и складным. А насчет "залить 3-4 кубика воды в максиме" не знаю. 1 кубометр это 1000 л. воды, 4 м³ = 4 тыс. л.
  12. mongolos 21 October 2015 13: 00 New
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    ...на территории Тульского кремля, есть еще один музей посвященный оружейное тематике. Много интересного там есть .. причем судя по выложенным фото, в этой статье, там имеются эксклюзивные шедевры... и вообще, ТУЛА прекрасный, уютный русский город... Уважение и поклон тульским мастерам))
  13. alex-cn 21 October 2015 17: 05 New
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    Да уж не трепите так автора, многим ли из нас удастся побывать в музее. Так хоть на фото полюбоваться этим великолепием!
  14. moskowit 21 October 2015 19: 28 New
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    The selection is interesting, the author tried, but many commentators are right. Some explanatory signatures are not correct. I would recommend the author to clarify where the serial samples, and where experienced, and even the only ones. Russian "Maxim" was always added when presenting: on Sokolov's machine ...
  15. kvs207 21 October 2015 22: 09 New
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    Quote: sanya.vorodis
    For the "maxim" in the picture - 3-4 cubic centimeters!

    Maybe still - cubic decimeters, that is, "liters"?
    The material is interesting, and I want to go there. My study was located 60 km from Tula, but I couldn’t get to the museum (((
  16. By001261 22 October 2015 05: 49 New
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    Article plus a great review thanks.