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Flying Mile

Flying Mile

How does the Kazan Helicopter Plant work, where Mi-family helicopters are manufactured

The Kazan Helicopter Plant, part of the Russian Helicopters holding, celebrated its 75 anniversary in the fall. Today, it is a world-renowned manufacturer of the Mi-8 / 17 family of helicopters, which are operated in more than 100 countries around the world. "Russian Planet" visited the company, met with its past and present, and talked with employees.

Every tenth military aircraft in the country

In 1930, in the Admiralteyskaya Sloboda, on the outskirts of the city, the Kazan Factory of Carriage Parts No. 169 was established. In 1935, it became the main manufacturer in the country. aviation skis and soon completely transferred to the aviation industry.

The turning point in stories The plant became 1941 the year when, at the beginning of the war, the leadership of the USSR decided to transfer the most important defense enterprises from west to east. More than 70 enterprises were evacuated to Kazan, and among them the Leningrad Aviation Plant No. 387 - 3 thousand people and hundreds of machines on which the plant produced Po-2 aircraft in recent years. They placed the metropolitan enterprise in the territory of the plant number 169, people were dismantled into homes and apartments by local workers. The joint plant was given the number 387, and the starting point was 1940. Year - the birth date of Lenaviazavod.

Photo: Natalia Fedorova / “Russian Planet”

According to the recollections of workers, during the war the plant did not leave for weeks, worked day and night, including women and children from 13 years. During the war years, the company manufactured about 11 for the front thousand Thousand Po-2 biplanes - this is every tenth combat aircraft produced by the aviation industry of the USSR. And when the Victory Banner was hoisted onto the Reichstag, it was from a plane launched at the Kazan plant that a picture was taken which 4 of May 1945 of the year went around all the newspapers in the world.

“On 85%, the Po-2 model is made of wood and covered with special fabric,” says Valery Solomakhin, director of the Museum of Labor Glory at the plant. - Very unpretentious car, she could sit down and rise from any dirt road. When these cars appeared at the front, the fascist command did not pay any attention to them. German newspapers wrote that the Russians began to fight "wooden planes", called it "plywood", "coffee mill". "

But when Po-2 began to deliver very accurate and accurate strikes, Hitler issued a decree: whoever knocks down such a plane will receive 5 thousand marks and an Iron Cross.

After the war, the Soviet Union badly needed agricultural machinery. The sky was forgotten for a while, and in 1946, at the factory number 387 for the first time began mass production of the best at that time in the world self-propelled combine harvesters C-4. In 1951, Mikhail Mil developed the first Russian Mi-1 helicopter; he was assigned to issue the Kazan plant, which has since become known as a helicopter. The plant produced the first domestic helicopter supplied for export (Mi-4), and the most popular and popular of all helicopters of the family is the Mi-8.

In the 1990-s, with the collapse of the Union, the plant itself had to extract orders, it survived through exports. The first revenues were created by their own design office, which soon developed a modern Ansat helicopter (translated from Tatar as “light”).

Photo: Natalia Fedorova / “Russian Planet”

“In 2017, we will begin mass production of the new Mi-38 helicopter - this is the Mil Design Bureau project. The most modern helicopter in the country. Blades made of composite materials, more aerodynamic fuselage, modern avionics, Russian-made engines. During the tests, he set several world records: both in flight speed and in the static ceiling, ”comments Solomakhin.

New life

By the middle of 2000-ies the physical and moral deterioration of the enterprise reached 80%. Since 2008, the plant has launched a modernization program worth more than 12 billion rubles, which is planned up to 2018.

“In the course of modernization, most of the old Soviet machines were replaced by modern ones. One machine today in terms of output replaces from 5 to 20 machines of the past. In the turning shop, for example, there were 112 machines, and it became 48, ”says RP head of the machine-assembly shop of the turning and milling direction, Nikolai Gordeyev. - Acceleration of work in comparison with old machines - by 60%. Production volumes have tripled, the amount of electricity consumed, and the occupied areas have decreased. ”

In the shops of the Kazan Helicopter Plant. Photo: Natalia Fedorova / “Russian Planet”

What can be seen in the shops of the plant breaks stereotypes about the old Soviet enterprise. It’s not noisy, the workers in neat blue workwear are more like lab technicians.

“What was here before? - Asks Gordeev and he answers: - Oil on the floor and machine tools, noise, dirt, metal chips flew. For example, before there was no vestibule, and when in the winter the car came into the shop to unload, the person who worked near this site on the machine would wear a hat and a padded jacket. Now we have double glazing, heating. When the car comes in, people work calmly even in winter in T-shirts. Dust-free floors, good illumination. Previously, the workers themselves cleaned up in the evening, now they only serve the machines. Cleans the cleaning company. "

Now the plant has more than 100 divisions, where 7 thousand people work. The net profit of the company in 2014 amounted to more than 12,7 million rubles.

There are a lot of young sports guys behind the machines - the share of working youth at the plant exceeds 24%. In the machine-assembly shop of the turning direction, for example, the average age of workers before reconstruction was 53 of the year, and now 36 of years. At the same time, 60% of factory workers are people with higher education. Employees of the company also offer a wide social package (in 2014, the total amount of it was 368 million rubles) and special programs - for example, the provision of apartments for rent with their subsequent purchase.

“The most unskilled worker receives a minimum of 20 – 25 thousand rubles. The highest pay for workers reaches 60 thousands. The average salary at the plant this year is 38,3 thousand rubles, ”notes Gordeev.

Veterans of the Kazan Helicopter Plant. Photo: Natalia Fedorova / “Russian Planet”

On the airfield, helicopters “learn to fly,” figuratively expressed by Andrey Ivanov, deputy head of the flight test complex. Here the blades and the tail rotor hub are hung on the car, filled with oil and fuel and begin ground testing and flight testing. We climb inside the Mi-17B-15 helicopter, which will soon go to India, but first it must fly eight hours under the control of test pilots.

Although the airfield looks deserted, an entire army works here: aircraft engineers, operational information decoding team, laboratory, radio engineering service, flight center, flight support service — road, weather service, and so on.

Kazan Plant is the only enterprise of a full cycle of helicopters: from development and serial production to after-sales support, personnel training and repairs. Almost all components of the helicopter, including avionics, are manufactured here, except, of course, for primary raw materials and motors.
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  2. maikl50jrij
    maikl50jrij 23 October 2015 18: 51 New
    All this is good! But let's, from the beginning, remember all the same ours, RUSSIAN aircraft designer Sikorsky! The guy was of Polish descent, but he lived with us and he presented his invention to our king ... who could not truly appreciate the gift of God! Now the Americans consider him theirs! But he invented his first helideck (helicopter) with us! Many of our designers, not appreciated at one time, were "exhausted". What a pity ... And the first parachute, by the way, is ours too!
    1. fairmen
      fairmen 23 October 2015 19: 32 New
      why the tsar just appreciated “ILYA MUROMETS” was I. Sikorsky’s first plane
      but after the revolution he immigrated to America
      1. inkass_98
        inkass_98 23 October 2015 20: 03 New
        Quote: fairmen
        of Polish descent, but lived with us and presented his king with his invention

        I have Polish great-grandmothers on both sides, but I'm Russian. Igor Sikorsky was also Russian, not at all ruinous, as the skaklys try to imagine him, as an inventor and aviator. And he did not live "with us", but at home, in the Russian Empire.
        1. Zoldat_A
          Zoldat_A 24 October 2015 02: 12 New
          Quote: inkass_98
          Igor Sikorsky was also Russian, not at all ruinous, as the skaklys try to imagine him, as an inventor and aviator. And he did not live "with us", but at home, in the Russian Empire.

          But you never know how they ran! This is the only Sikorsky in America - and the one who "came" from Russia. So let them rejoice. Where else to get them? A well-fed belly is deaf to learning. Nothing of its own - a country of immigrants ... And in Russia there is still. No worse.
    2. opus
      opus 23 October 2015 21: 39 New
      Quote: maikl50jrij
      but he lived with us and presented his invention to our king ... who couldn’t truly appreciate,

      KIEV, 11, IX. The son of Kiev professor Sikorsky, a student at the Kiev Polytechnic, built a helicopter flying projectile. The Sikorsky shell without any planes and is equipped with only two pairs of propellers mounted on a vertical axis. Projectile weight 14 pounds. Motor - 25 horsepower.

      Payload - 9 pounds. The area of ​​each wheel is 4 square meters. meter. Radius 2½ meters. Helicopter is much more stable than an airplane. Sikorsky studied aeronautics issues abroad.

      There was no king in Kiev at that moment.
      KIEV. A two-day aeronautical exhibition opened. The devices built in Kiev are demonstrated: the glider of Professor Delaunay, the Wright system airplane, the designs of the student Bylinkin, the helicopter of the student Sikorsky, various photographs and models. With a large audience, Delaunay lecture on the latest aeronautics successes.

      They write: None of the built helicopters could take off with the pilot
  3. meriem1
    meriem1 23 October 2015 18: 53 New
    And let the "lovers" of Liberastia suffocate in hysteria. They drive a needle about oil. Beare the president. Over ten years, the replenishment of GDP on hydrocarbons decreased from 17 to 10%. The rest is work. Although not everything is so sweet at US !!! Let them pour sweet poison into our ears. Now the trick is “Don't talk about the USA. Let's talk about Russia.” Today is an interesting day. BBNadezhdin on TV told this phrase ... but then he suddenly started talking about the percentage of US GDP in the military budget (5.6%) and in medicine (17%). So still compare? And we shut up !!! The same double standards as their owners. So they worried about the People ... Having flashed everything in the 90s. KB MILO Umnichki !!!! So it will be further. Let the hamburger-chewing lovers fight in hysterics! And WE WILL GET EVERYTHING !!! BECAUSE WE ARE POWER! WE ARE TOGETHER! US 89%. Wash the minority and ... for one look at VIKI how you like to do it. WHAT is Democracy Find Out. You will be surprised. This is not the desire of the United States !!! This is demos. People power!!!
    1. Just BB
      Just BB 23 October 2015 20: 58 New
      But KB Mil at the KVZ has nothing to do with it: "
      Kazan Plant is the only full-cycle enterprise in helicopter engineering: from development and serial production to after-sales support, staff training and repairs.
      "- only the story associated with the great Name -" Miles "
      1. Zoldat_A
        Zoldat_A 24 October 2015 02: 06 New
        Quote: Just VV
        the story associated with the great Name - "Miles"
        Mi-8. Native car for anyone who knows the word "parachute." Mi-8 you will not forget, as the first jump. Hard worker and fighter. Eternal gratitude to those who make such machines. soldier
    2. NordUral
      NordUral 23 October 2015 21: 31 New
      I agree, but you should not forget about shit in the authorities. A corrupt and thieving official will ruin any good business for the country, and indeed the country itself.
  4. Alexei
    Alexei 23 October 2015 19: 15 New
    Now the plant has more than 100 divisions, where 7 thousand people work. The net profit of the company in 2014 amounted to more than 12,7 million rubles.
    I am not very savvy in such matters, but something tells me that the profit is not very high for such an enterprise. So that’s good, cost-effective.
  5. NDR-791
    NDR-791 23 October 2015 19: 50 New
    Well, again, self-promotion. Well, we already know that for us the workhorse is MI-8 !!! Here we have a helicopter repair plant in Omsk ... without any advertising, with my own eyes I observe white ones, fresh with a blue UN on the sides. It is beneficial, it turns out to drive to Siberia for repairs, maybe even from some Nigeria. And they work without any advertising, they don’t blow in the mustache.
  6. surok12
    surok12 23 October 2015 20: 04 New
    A machine tool operator, if he is a machine tool operator (turner, milling machine operator, multi-functional center operator with controllers, etc.) must clean and maintain it (machine) (lubricate, report faults, etc.) by himself. This is for a normal professional - the machine operator should be like, sorry for the analogy, like wiping your ass - yours - you wipe it yourself. Everything else - technology (cutting modes, tools), the "feeling" of the metal comes with time or (very surprisingly) with the help of technologists.
    1. Barakuda
      Barakuda 23 October 2015 21: 39 New
      The operator only controls, corrects, changes the cutters, cleans the machine, changes the workpieces. There is a technician for the electronic part, there is a programmer who writes programs, an electrician for drives. Iron mechanic. No need to dump everything sad
  7. Barakuda
    Barakuda 23 October 2015 21: 50 New
    Quote: meriem1
    For ten years, the replenishment of GDP on hydrocarbons decreased from 17 to 10%.

    Can you imagine if it’s nationalization? I do not how much the wabble will flow into the treasury request That even with bribes in each clinic on a tomograph will stand. I'm already silent about the Army.
    Just do not give, GDP depends on them, while sad
  8. ed1967ward
    ed1967ward 24 October 2015 03: 50 New
    By the way, America as a trader was always accepted by our then society in Russia, and especially by a military society, so even then they knew that America could not build anything. Society of lawyers, congressmen and politicians. This is a historical fact.