Military Review

Pistol Bergmann Bayard (Bergmann Bayard) and its variants


Failing to order the production of 3000 pistols by Bergmann-Mars, Theodore Bergmann sold his Spanish order to the Belgian company Anciens Etablissements Pieper (AEP). In addition to this order, the company AEP, which produces weapon under the brand name Bayard (Bayard), acquires the right to manufacture Bergmann pistols for commercial purposes. Soon Bergmanns Industriewerke abandons the production of short-barreled weapons and specializes in the manufacture of machine guns.

Having received the first batch of pistols, the Spaniards turn to the Piper company and ask them to refine the weapon. The upgraded pistol was named M 1908 Bergmann Bayard.

The gun Bergmann Bayard M 1908 of the year has a design similar to the gun Bergman Mars. The changes affected only the appearance of the weapon and the design of the disconnector. The barrel of a pistol M 1908 Bergmann Bayard has six left-side rifling, Bergmann Mars had four right-side rifling. The shape of the pistol grip, the configuration of the receiver and the shape of the front sight have changed.

Pistol Bergmann Bayard (Bergmann Bayard) and its variants

The rest of the gun Bergmann Bayard M 1908 remained very similar to its predecessor. Pistol weight Bergmann Bayard 1020 gr., Total length 254 mm.

A characteristic feature of pistols by Bergman Bayard is the presence of a stigma on the left side of the frame in the area where the store is located. The stamp is an image of a knight galloping on a horse and the inscription “BAYARD” under it.

Bergmann Bayard pistols have decreased compared to Mars barrel length to 102 mm. The barrel began to do not screwed into the receiver, and made at the same time with it.

Some pistols have simplified marking. On the left side of the frame they have only the inscription "BAYARD", without the image of a knight.

Marking weapons at this time is a text on the left side of the receiver "ANCIENS ETABLISSEMENTS PIEPER / HERSTAL-LIEGE / BERGMANN'S PATENT" and "BREVETE / SGDG".

After completing the Spanish military order, Bergmann Bayard M 1908 begin to produce for commercial purposes. AEP sends a pistol for testing to the UK and Denmark.

In 1910, the British sent a negative review about the weapon with the refusal to buy it. The Danes, on the other hand, placed an order for the manufacture of 4840 pistols, subject to the modernization of the Bergmann Bayard 1908 model of the year.

The Danes demanded to make cuts in the frame of the pistol, in the place of installation of the store, as well as the grooved side surfaces of the store for easy retrieval. The flat spring was supposed to be replaced by an S-shaped spring. The increase was required for the cheeks of the pistol grip and the magazine latch.

Piper quickly upgraded the weapon, and already in 1911, he began supplying pistols called Bergmann Bayard Model 1910 of the Year (M 1910 Bergmann Bayard). The external distinguishing feature of the 1910 model pistols of the year are cutouts in the frame for easy magazine removal and concentric notches on the sides of the magazine.

The pistol magazine is still double-row, designed for 6 ammunition caliber 9 × 23 mm Bergmann (9 mm Largo).

The trigger mechanism of the pistol is the same - single with the external location of the trigger. The fuse is also still located on the left side of the frame at the trigger.

Automatic pistol Bergmann Bayard, like its predecessor, built on the short course of the barrel and locking the gate with a vertical wedge.

The marking of the 1910 model's gun is similar to the marking of the 1908 model's guns.

Pistols issued during this period by AEP for Denmark have the manufacturer’s serial numbers in the range from approximately 6000 to 11000, as well as the serial numbers of the Danish army in the range from 1 to 4840. The weapon has Belgian foster marks on the barrel and bolt.

The pistols of Bergmann Bayard 1910 model of the year were supplied with a leather holster. In the lower part of the pistol grip there is an oval swivel for fastening the pistol strap.

With the beginning of the First World War and the occupation of Belgium by Germany, the production of pistols did not stop. Anciens Etablissements Pieper produced pistols by Bergman Bayard for German needs. During this period, pistols with serial numbers from 15000 to 16000 without Danish receiving stamps were manufactured. Production in Belgium was completely stopped after the end of the war, only a small number of weapons with 17000 serial numbers were assembled from the remaining parts.

After the end of the First World War, Denmark needed new pistols and spare parts for their pistols by Bergmann Bayard M1910, but they could not get them from Anciens Etablissements Pieper. For this reason, the Danes decided to make weapons at home.

They made some changes to the design of the gun. Changes included an increase in the size of the magazine's latch, as well as the replacement of short wooden handles with high cheeks made of plastic. Due to the fact that the high cheeks of the handle closed the button on the left side of the frame, which served to open the right frame cover and access the details of the firing mechanism, it was decided to remove this button altogether.

Instead, the right frame cover was fastened with a simple screw, which was closed with the right cheek of the handle. The new pistol was named Bergmann Bayard M1910 / 21.

After upgrading, most existing pistols in Denmark were marked on the left side of the receiver in the form of an alphanumeric text “M 19 10 / 21”.

Plastic handles were subject to cracking and later the handle cheeks were made of wood. The wooden cheeks of the 1910 / 21 model's pistols differed from the cheeks of earlier-produced pistols in their height and thickness.

The cheeks of the handle could have a notch on the side surface, and be simple - smooth.

Pistols Bergmann Bayard M 1910 / 21, originally released in Belgium, had Belgian stamps that included the letter “B”.

But besides them on the weapon there were Danish reception stamps with the letter “D”. Together with the familiar marking "ANCIENS ETABLISSEMENTS PIEPER / HERSTAL-LIEGE / BERGMANN'S PATENT" and "BREVETE / SGDG", the characteristic marking "M 19 10 / 21" is applied to the left side of the receiver.

After Denmark began to produce fully self-made pistols, the marking on the details of the weapon was also changed.

Now, in addition to the Danish stamps, the “HÆRENS TØJHUS.” Was carved on the left side of the receiver. / 19 10 / 21 »

And the writing of the marking was very peculiar. In the first word, the second letter as if united two letters “A” and “E”, and in the second word the letter “O” seemed to be crossed out. Approximately 900 of such pistols were made in the period between 1922 and 1924 year.

Between the year 1924 and 1925, another batch of 1904 pistols was made.

The serial numbers of these pistols were also double. The factory numbers began with the number 1, and the army continued the numbers of the Belgian pistols, i.e. from 4841 to 7045.

The marking on the left side of the receiver has changed again and looks like the text "HÆRENS RUSTKAMMER / 19 10 / 21". On the left side of the frame on the store's receiver, Bayard’s trademark stamp in the form of an equestrian knight reappeared.

Pistols Bergmann Bayard Danish production have a characteristic stamp in the form of letters "DK" under the crown and a pair of numbers.

The holster for M 1910 / 21 pistols Bergmann Bayard was made of leather and had several compartments, probably for placing cartridges and auxiliary tools.

Pistol Bergmann Bayard is the last short-barreled weapon released with the surname Theodore Bergmann. Despite the fact that this version of the gun was quite successfully made in terms of ergonomics and tactical and technical characteristics, it could not gain the same popularity as the Browning or Mauser weapons. It is for this reason that the Bergmann Bayard pistol is considered a relatively rare pistol and is highly valued by collectors. On average, from 1500 to 3000 dollars are asked for similar weapons at gun auctions in Europe.

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  1. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn 24 October 2015 08: 42 New
    Browning, yes .. especially his Colt 1911 and high power are still awesome.
    with a gun like Bergman, you can’t be afraid of hand-to-hand fighting either because he is still a club, the skull will break and not frown, and it’s a pleasure to shoot from it.
    It is interesting whether a carbine was on its base like a luger or not.
  2. Alex
    Alex 24 October 2015 09: 54 New
    In the "Place of Meeting ..." Gruzdev also featured some Bayard. Interesting, this or not? If this, then, probably, an interesting way has been done.
    1. Max otto
      Max otto 24 October 2015 11: 27 New
      Not sure, this one is too big for a civilian. Gruzdev had this
      1. Alex
        Alex 24 October 2015 12: 26 New
        Clearly, otherwise I also somehow wondered: after all, a rival to Mauser. Thanks for the answer!
  3. forwarder
    forwarder 24 October 2015 14: 56 New
    This time, the author completely ignores the Bergmann Bayard pistol No. 6 arr. 1903 And displays the history of the pistol since 1908.
    He wrote in the comments for the first series (

    5267) how it was. Nothing affects the author. Even the original cartridge 9x23 mm Bergmann Bayard Mod.1903 he was not touched in any way. Although arguing with his existence is stupid. Even the Bergmann Bayard pistol No. 6 arr. 1903 on this cartridge did not shake. In Spain, by the way, he was adopted by the Pistola Bergmann de 9 mm. modelo 1903. The author pretends that this did not happen, that this is an independent product of Bergman. Reinforced concrete man.
    Just in case, I want to inform him that such self-made people like Bergman, IS ALWAYS use other people's cartridges. As was the case with the Mars model on the Mauser cartridge. Everything is logical there. The appearance of the original cartridge immediately talks aboutthat the construction of Bergman no longer belonged. And it happened in 1903.
    1. gladcu2
      gladcu2 24 October 2015 20: 12 New

      Where did the details come from?
      1. gross kaput
        gross kaput 24 October 2015 22: 47 New
        Quote: gladcu2
        Where did the details come from?

        From his inflamed brain laughing you don’t even have to try to get any actual confirmation of his fantasies from him - they’ve already covered many topics before you - it’s useless - his verbal diarrhea immediately flows into another topic. laughing
        Quote: forwader
        This time, the author completely ignores the Bergmann Bayard pistol No. 6 arr. 1903
        and this is not strange and is Bergman-Mars described in a previous article laughing
        Quote: forwader
        As was the case with the Mars model on the Mauser cartridge.
        only the misfortune of the Mars bergman on the cartridge 7,63X25 never existed, the 1903 pistol was originally developed for the new 9mm cartridge, and even the Mauser’s cartridge in its pure form never used its 7,8-mm “bergman” cartridge like a cartridge Mauser, possibly made on its basis BUT is not interchangeable with him.
        Quote: forwader
        Just in case, I want to inform him that such self-made crafts like Bergman ALWAYS use someone else's cartridges.
        Well, well, just at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, every serious and semi-handicraft manufacturer of pistols strove to create his own cartridge for his creation - just open any directory and immediately dozens of cartridges are found that our contemporaries often did not hear about.
        Quote: forwader
        The appearance of the original cartridge immediately suggests that the design did not belong to Bergman
        it only says that who is not at all in the subject - legally the construction belonged to Bergman but its creator was Schmeiser. Well, the post (

        5267) generally rare ravings - a comrade so mixed up the chronology and details of events that you just quietly gobble up - you can answer that bullshit very simply - the Belgians did not reinvent the cartridge for Mars and did not seriously change its design - the answer is obvious - by that time this gun was already was adopted by the Spaniards and the Belgians essentially bought out an order for its manufacture - i.e. seriously changing the gun or cartridge they could be left with nothing so all the changes made by the Belgians concerned only the reduction in production without compromising performance.
  4. Whitesnow
    Whitesnow 24 October 2015 15: 51 New
    Thank you for the article!
  5. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 25 October 2015 09: 37 New
    Cool article, thanks to the author!