Military Review

In the house with blue shutters lives memory

A year has flown since Vasily Vladimirovich Ivanov, the veteran of the Great Patriotic War, the last of the liberators of our region and the village of Tselina from the Nazi invaders, went on the final journey. He, like almost nine and a half thousand Tselina soldiers, is no longer with us (3326 died, the rest died from wounds and by age), but the memory of them is alive and will remain forever in the hearts of grateful descendants.

In the postwar years, boys, mostly fatherlessness, without any request from anyone else, ran to Tselina to knock at the bazaar, look at the locomotive, climb up and down the water tower, blown up by the Germans along with the station during their retreat, visit the park and, of course , “Cheer” on the stadium. There, in the fall, every Saturday and Sunday, there were classes with draftees. The boys liked how they ran, marched and sang songs to the words of Galich “Good-bye, mother, don't grieve, don't be sad, wish us a good journey ...” and “Cossack rode through the valley, through the Caucasian fields ...”

There, at the stadium, they learned these songs even then. Most often, these classes were conducted yesterday by the front-line soldier and future teacher Ivan Filippovich Mastrenko. This giant among the people, especially women, was lovingly called nothing but simply Filippok.

Occupations ended, and in the center of the stadium, another tall front-line soldier appeared limping with a crutch and the long-awaited football began. It was him - Ivanov Vasily Vladimirovich.

With my father’s younger brother Peter, they even went to school and at an artillery military school. In the pre-night 39 they will part: Uncle Petya will be sent to exempt Western Ukraine from the Poles, where he will face the war with the Germans, and cadet Ivanov will again be offered to become a cadet, just another school - an aviation one.

Then the greatest hunger for personnel experienced precisely aviation. And the war was already on the verge, so for the sake of aviation they even sacrificed shots of the “god of war” - artillery. Before the war itself, the navigator Ivanov still continued training flights, and had to enter the battle without any additional preparation:

- There are a lot of German planes, like bumblebees attacked us. It then we began to beat them when we drove back. And then ... oh, how difficult it was ... We made the first flights to the Tikhvin region, and this was the key to breaking the blockade of Leningrad. How then we loved the people of Leningrad! For their sake, we were ready to fly to certain death. And flew. We lost planes and crews for every departure. Before the flight, there was not even time to rest, there was not enough room service, the crews themselves did almost everything for the departure, - remembered Vasily Vladimirovich.

“So,” continued Vasily Vladimirovich, “on the 67-m combat sortie I was wounded and contused, and,” he added playfully, “that was what Aviator Ivanov ended.

Yes, on that, indeed, the navigator Ivanov ended. From the flight service it was written off. After being cured in a hospital in Kostroma, he was again returned to artillery and sent for re-formation to Balashikha. Then his 542 artillery regiment was sent under Belgorod.

“There for the first time I saw with my own eyes how our Katyushas work,” the gunner Ivanov continued. - Under the village Alekseevka we were moving at us, shooting on the move, 16 tanks and 3 battalions of nemchury. Although we knocked out two tanks, they had only 400-500 meters to go, and they would crush us. Suddenly, a rattle rattled behind us - and a fiery tornado swept right above us towards the Germans. From horror, we fell to the bottom of the trenches, covered our heads with our hands ... We thought, and we were finished. And this, it turns out, came to the rescue of our guards mortars, lovingly called by the people "Katyushas". And when the rattle and howling “Katyusha” ended, we timidly leaned out of the trenches and looked around. The silence from the habit in my ears rang. Instead of their inevitable death, they saw plowed smoking land and wrecked German tanks, and nothing was left of the infantry. There were still battles there, near Alekseyevka, and we also suffered heavy losses from the Germans ... Therefore, we were brought to the city of Chkalov, today's Orenburg, for reformation ... And who needed to rename the city after the famous pilot to a non-Russian name? - Vasily Vladimirovich was indignant and finished with a sigh: - So, thanks to the “Katyushas” I remained alive again ...

Yes, he survived. He survived to continue to smash the enemy. He was awaited by the bloodless Stalingrad, where, by the way, the already mentioned my uncle Peter was fighting, the village of Celina, occupied by the Germans, was also waiting for him.

In the house with blue shutters lives memory

- The terrible battle near Alekseevka was still incomparable with the first in my service and the last battle for Stalingrad. We were hard on the task: to die, but not to let Manstein go to Paulus. Stand to the death! Our 84 th artillery regiment of the 28 th army arrived at the position in the evening, dug cannons for the whole night, and in the morning the battle. Fight with heavy tanks 172-th division of the Germans. With short respite, it lasted five days. Neither before nor later did I have to see such a fight. It was hell. Almost everything is as shown in the movie "Hot Snow", only orders after the battle to us who survived, no one handed, it was not before.

All that remained alive and in good order, without respite, hastily moved towards Kotelnikovo and further along the railway to Rostov. And so with the battles with his 5 battery, freeing large and small towns, and reached his native Celina.

“Reached” - this does not mean that “entered” into Tselina, for it was still to fight and suffer losses. I asked the veteran to tell about it in more detail.

- On the eastern approaches to Tselina, the first battle began in the forest belt area, beyond the elevator. The Germans were well armed: six-barrel mortars, which, as opposed to our “Katyushas”, they and we called “Vanyushas”. It is also formidable weapon, after their blow everything burns. Were in Tselina and tanks, they are covered with houses, with 4-th and XNUM-th lines fired at our advancing infantry and artillery. In order not to destroy the Tselins, we could not fire back at the tanks, and it was too far away. The fire of German tanks, mortars and machine guns was aimed, it was corrected by two Germans entrenched with a stereo-tube at the very top of the elevator. Our infantry was forced to lie down directly in sleet: it was raining the day before and that day. There were killed and wounded, the attack could choke in their own blood. We spotted the German spotters at the elevator and shot down them with two shells, then destroyed two machine guns in the MTS area, hit one Vanyusha and at the end of the battle captured him. Only after that the infantry again rose in the attack and in the evening entered Tselina. There was no loss in the 7 battery. I only talk about the battles that took place on the east side of Celina. How events developed from the southern and northern sides - I do not know. Come on, you know better than me, - he turned to me.

- Yes, how do I know. I heard about this only fragmentary stories. At night, with 22 on January 23, someone cautiously knocked on the window to Aunt Paul (her husband Timofey Klimovich Davydov, my future godfather, the only one of my relatives from my mother who returned from the front alive). She lived with four children in the extreme Mayskoye farm. Scared. “Do not be afraid of yours,” and in the window appeared a hat with a red star. It turned out to be our equestrian intelligence. They entered, asked if there were Germans on the farm, and what roads lead to Tselina. And they warned you that when you heard the shooting, they would hide. Our coming soon. And quickly, not even warm, left. And on the eve of my mother was in Tselina (Frunze Street, 4) in Aunt Shura Taranina, she had a German captain in her apartment. He told them not to take sugar at the elevator, he would be poisoned. My aunts did follow him, and when they returned, the German machine guns were already sweeping the entire airfield. “Womb, a bunch of ...”, - some German tried to stop them. Ours attacked from the side of the 5 branch of the Tselinsky state farm and the Maysky farm. Towards evening the shooting subsided, and my aunts, frightened, got home. Only they came, as Aleksei Vasilyevich Klyashko, the future teacher on the farm Gay, fell into their house. And then, just like you, Vasily Vladimirovich, an artillery officer. He freed the village of Bogoroditskoye and asked for help from a higher commander to visit his farm. So, at the same time with the battles from the east there were battles and for the liberation of the southern side of Celina ... So I added something.

“When it became clear that Celina was completely liberated,” continued the story of V.V. Ivanov, - I went home to an adjutant at 11 in the evening, where I live now. At about four o'clock in the morning a boy of 14 years old, a Belarusian from Grodno, came to our forest belt and asked to take him with him to take revenge on the Germans. After much doubt, he was still taken. So we got our "son of the regiment." He was a good boy, brave. And in the morning, when it dawned, they had breakfast, brought the battery to the traveling state and again moved along the railway to the west. We were in a hurry to seize Rostov and cut our retreat from St Petersburg to our yesterday’s enemy of Stalingrad, the forces of Field Marshal Manstein and his 172 Division, with which our 28 Army I Major General Gerasimenko liberated Tselinu 23 January a month ago directly head-on, led a deadly battle on the river Myshkova.

- Vasily Vladimirovich, you just called the name of the commander of the 28 th army. Have you ever seen him, how do you rate him and who do you still remember? - I ask.

- I remember almost everyone. The division commander was Ivan Ivanovich Gubarev. After the Stalingrad battles, our division was commanded by the Supreme Commander Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin among the first to be given the title of “Guards”. The regiment commander was Kiernos, and Voloshin the commissar. I do not remember the name. The division was commanded by Senior Lieutenant Sasha Martynov. There was also a fierce battle near Zernograd. Our battery counterattacked 12 German tanks with infantry. We persevered, the enemy failed to overthrow us. I was injured in that fight. I was brought for treatment in Tselina. Initially, Maria Samoylovna Markova treated me, and then they sent me to the Giant settlement, there was a hospital there. He got up, as they say, on his feet - and again to the army in the army, to the front. He was also wounded four times, and after that I was commissioned.

- What is the fate of that Belarusian boy? - I asked.

Vasily Vladimirovich paused and said quietly:

- When crossing the Dnieper, he died. We could not even bury him. Burst at the crossing of the projectile. Posthumously awarded the medal "For Courage!" As we all were killed by it, if you knew. He did not reach his native Belarus ... And how he dreamed. We did not save him ...

After all, millions died, it turns out, also did not save themselves. Was it even possible to save oneself in that cruellest war?

The brown plague of German-Nazi fascism

What do we know about the war? Living eyewitnesses - a lot - it is in their fate, the next generation - from fathers and grandfathers, from textbooks storieswho have not yet experienced educational reforms ... Already our children and grandchildren are very few, and sometimes in a distorted form ... Therefore, about the war, from the lips of eyewitnesses. Today, Semena Kuzmich Debarag himself will express his attitude to the Great Patriotic War.

About the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945 of our people against the insidious enemy — German fascism — has already been written and rewritten much in recent years with the tragic slaughter unprecedented on earth that befell our long-suffering people. Over time, setting out the history of the Great Battle, they began to omit the most important episodes. It is those who made people think: what could the USSR, the countries of the world, German fascism lead to? Appear distorted to the extreme judgments of those who not only did not see that war, but also live thanks to the Great Victory, accomplished by the generation of the entire Russian, Soviet people. People of subsequent generations should always remember and know the truth about what the brown plague of German-Nazi fascism carried to our peoples.

In the history of mankind, there was no such bloody, such destructive war that was unleashed by fascist Germany against our country, against the Soviet state 22 June 1941 and lasted almost 1500 days. Treacherously violating the non-aggression treaty, without declaring war, the mobilized armada, which had conquered the states of almost all of Europe by this time, attacked our country. On the very first day of the war, the Nazis threw a division against the Soviet Union, more than 191, millions of heavily armed Wehrmacht soldiers and officers. During this period, the Germans had 5,5 thousand guns and mortars, 47 tanks, more than 3700 thousand aircraft.

Our troops courageously defended every inch of their native land, exhausting enemy groups. I remember how on the first day of the war, at 6 in the morning, the Government sounded to the people on the radio with a statement about the treacherous attack of fascist Germany on our country. The words that ended the appeal of the Government sounded: “... Our cause is just. The enemy will be defeated, victory will be ours! ”Became the main slogan of our just war.

Millions of Soviet people in the first months of the war rushed to the forefront to help the army. At the plants to the machines became teenagers, women and the elderly, for weeks did not leave the defense plants.

Semen Kuzmich Debelog remembers: “In those most difficult first days and months, among other students and young people, my friend, Sergei Rybalchenko, stuffed artillery shells with explosives at a chemical plant in the city of Kamensk-Shakhtinsky, at the Krasny Kotelshchik plant of Taganrog, and hand-turned files after casting for sea mines, digging trenches, anti-tank ditches on the left bank of the Don River, on the defenses of the city of Rostov. ”

The feat of the collective and state farm workers who fought for bread for the front, machine operators left on armor, women and children from 8-9 age will never be forgotten. Everywhere rear helped the front. Any work was done under the slogan: "Everything is for the front, everything is for Victory!" And by the end of September 1941, the Nazis suffered huge losses and were stopped near Leningrad, east of Smolensk, near Kharkov, in the lower reaches of the Dnieper, on the Perekop isthmus.

Then Hitler and his command decided to concentrate efforts on the most important areas. For example, in Moscow they concentrated more than 1 a million people, more than 2 thousands of tanks, about 1000 aircraft.

The order of Hitler said: "The city must be surrounded so that not a single Russian soldier, not a single one of his inhabitants, be it a man, a woman or a child, could leave him ...". "Where Moscow stands today, a huge sea should arise." Fighting near Moscow continued 2 month. Every night, the enemy threw bombers at Moscow before the 300. But the Nazis did not become masters of the Moscow sky. There were days when our pilots shot down vultures on 30-40.

Tens of thousands of people who worked in the defense of Rostov, along with Tselintsy then often witnessed air combat, when the next German bomber rushed to the ground, taking behind him a black line of smoke. Joy knew no bounds, hats, shovels and other items flew up with shouts of "Hurray!"

And the capital of our homeland fought, turned into an impregnable fortress. The 15 divisions of the Moscow militia together with the active troops defended their native city with their breasts. 6 December 1941. Our troops launched a counter-offensive and in fierce battles drove the fascists to 120-400 kilometers from the capital.

The defeat of the Nazi troops near Moscow was the decisive event of the first year of the war and the first major defeat of the Nazis in the Second World War. This blow forever dispelled the myth of the invincible Nazi army. This was followed by a strike near Rostov-on-Don, as a result of the fighting the Nazis were driven out of the city. Tens, hundreds of our cities have become a place of fierce battles, a place of mass heroism of the Soviet people. We especially remember the glorious defense of Leningrad, Kiev, Odessa, Sevastopol and Stalingrad. The people called them together with Moscow and Brest the hero-cities. Remembering the decisive events of the Great Patriotic War, the famous Battle of Stalingrad, the bloody battles of the summer and autumn of 1942, rise in memory.

In this battle, our army showed heroism and military art, which had no equal in the history of the troops, we won a brilliant victory. The Nazi command did everything to break the resistance of the Soviet Army. Every day, up to a thousand bombers dropped deadly cargo onto a flaming city.

Recalling these difficult days, Marshal of the Soviet Union V.I. Chuikov wrote: “By the middle of October, the battle had reached such a scope that the history of wars did not know ...”. The fascist German command pulled up three more fresh divisions to the city, created a strong strike force. The number of enemy sorties before exceeded one thousand, and October 14 reached a record number - 2540.

Everything was burning around ... The Nazis took one attack after another. It seemed that not only the earth, but also the sky shook from the breaking of bombs, mines, shells.

23 November 1942, the advanced units of the South-Western and Stalingrad fronts united in the deep rear of the enemy, capturing the enemy’s 330 thousandth army, and then capturing the commander of this armada, Field Marshal Paulus. The great battle on the Volga ended in a brilliant victory for the Soviet troops. Began the expulsion of the invaders from their native land. As a result of the winter offensive of 1943, our troops entered the Salsk steppes. 28 and 51 of the army of the Southern Front, commanded by Lieutenant General Gerasimenko and Major General Trufanov, acted in this direction.

23 January 1943. Infantry units reached the line Stepnoye-Tselina-Maysky, and took positions in 14.00. By the end of the day 23 January 1943, the German group in the area of ​​Celina was destroyed.

The commander of the Southern Front, Army General Eremenko noted: "Army 51 21 days in the end of January 1943 possession of the collective farm" Military Council squaw ", Melnikova, Kalinovka, Fertile, Hleborobnoe, Selim, Kars, Razdolnoe, Go-ovanovka, Olshanka, Dubovka, other .

On January 24, the German invaders were completely expelled from the Tselinsky district. ” Among the liberators of the area were our countrymen: N.I. Petrachenko, V.V. Ivanov, M.T. Fedorenko, M.A. Khabibulin.

Increasing the pace of the offensive, our troops in 1944 year completely liberated the country from fascism. The war ended a giant battle of Berlin. The enemy was crushed and destroyed. 2 May 1945 of the Year over the den of fascism - the Reichstag - hoisted the red flag of Victory. Speaking against our country, the fascists sought not only to seize the country, but also to destroy the Soviet people.

Before the war, Hitler declared to the top officers of his army: “This is about the struggle for destruction ... In the East, cruelty will be a blessing for the future.”

To fully appreciate the merits of our army and fleet in the Great Patriotic War, the entire Soviet people, who broke the ridge of the fascist beast, it is important to cite earlier publications today, testifying to the mortal danger that threatened our people. This must be done so that the new young generation knows the price of victory and a joyful life, sacredly honors the martial traditions of the older generation, and tells about their exploits to subsequent generations, always showed vigilance, preparedness to repel any enemy of our Fatherland. Then, right after the war, from the underground tower safes, from the hollowed-out caches in the rocks, from under the double walls of the dungeons, secret documents of fascism, transcripts and records of secret meetings of the very top of the Hitlerite gang were partially extracted. According to these documents, a terrible picture of what the people of our country and the whole world expected was presented.

The Barbarossa plan was developed in advance - a plan to conquer our country, the directive of which provided for the physical extermination of people, extermination by organizing famine, which according to the plans of the Nazi man-eaters had to “clear” the occupied territories of our country from the indigenous population in a few months. They sought to exterminate entire nations and peoples, wipe out cities and villages from the ground.

And these monstrous plans have already been carried out in the occupied territories. At one of the meetings of the military tribunal, the German map was presented, the custom map of Europe, but careful consideration made even the judges, who were accustomed to the most terrible surprises during the days of the tribunal, shudder. On the map, near the circles that signified large cities, two coffins were drawn on each: a large white and a black smaller one. It turned out that the fascists on a state scale were planning to kill the population. The numbers on the coffins indicated how much this year it was necessary to kill, and on the blacks they showed the number of the slain. These coffins stood near cities: Kiev, Kharkov, Krasnodar, Minsk, Vitebsk, Orsk, and many others.

People should not forget the terrible glory of the Krasnodar quarries, the “moats of death” in Kharkov, “Babiy Yar” in Kiev, the Yanovsky camp in the Lviv region, where the fascists destroyed 200 thousands of Soviet people to the sounds of the orchestra playing specifically for that tango of death.

In Nazi Germany, there was a secret death industry, numbering hundreds and thousands of enterprises from small ones, where people were simply shot at 50-60 people per day, to huge death combines like Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Montgazewausen, with a “throughput” of up to several thousand deaths a day ...

It is impossible without anger to remember the atrocities of the Nazis on our land, in the territories of other countries. Only in one Tselinsky district, the German fascist invaders from August 1942 of the year to January 1943 shot and brutally tortured more than 150 people. Including - in three graves of a dense forest belt of the central estate of the Tselinsky grain farm, the communists were shot, the heads of services and farms: Goncharov Fyodor Timofeevich, head of the general department of the RK CPSU; Bugaev Boris Danilovich - director of the oil industry; Pushkarev Alexander Pavlovich - Director of the Tea RPS; Lebedeva Klavdiya Ivanovna - chairman of the Olshansky general store - together with a baby; Kulikov Iosif Matveyevich - a member of the CPSU, an ordinary collective farmer of a collective farm named after Karl Liebknecht; Maxim Titov - Director of the Olshansk MTS; Belozerov Fyodor Ivanovich - driver of Tselinsky grain farm; Anton Pavlovich Martynov - Director of the Yulovsky Zenosovkhoz; Polukhin Filipp Grigorievich - a collective farmer of the collective farm named after Karl Marx; Mosyuk Matvey Savelevich - shoemaker of the collective farm Karl Marx; Dmitry Dmitrievich Ivanov - chairman of the collective farm "Worker"; Vyshlov Kuzma Vasilyevich - a member of the CPSU from the Khlebobny village council; Kryukov Konstantin - the bookkeeper of the Krasnaya Zvezda collective farm; Gitelson Efim Moiseevich - head of the Tselinsky pharmacy; Vezrov Fedor - collective farm collective farm. Karl Marx; Meer Lbaum is a worker at Tselinsky zenosovkhoz, his wife Rosa and two children - 1 years and 10 years ...

The death of more than 20 millions of Soviet people in this war is our worst loss. They laid their heads on the battlefields, were buried under the ruins of cities and villages, shot by fascist gangsters, tortured in concentration camps and prisons. The Soviet Union endured a hard and long war. Cities and villages in vast spaces lay in ruins and ashes. Fascist barbarians completely or partially destroyed and burned 1710 cities, over 70 thousands of villages and villages. Tens of thousands of industrial enterprises, collective and state farms were looted and destroyed.

The 20 tragedy of the century, perpetrated over our multinational people by Hitler's fascism, which the Soviet people in fierce battles, with heavy losses overcame, is a formidable warning to the repetition of unheard-of upheavals, inhuman trials, deep consciousness of the constant struggle for a peaceful, happy life of everyone who loves their Fatherland.

All those who do not want to live peacefully should know that our people are always ready to give a decisive rebuff and protect their Motherland from any intrigues of foreigners encroaching on our sacred land.

In the house with blue shutters lives memory

Mother, Drobina Vekla Prokofievna, was engaged in raising children, of whom there were six. The eldest, Mikhail, born 1922, Jacob - 1924, Alexander - 1930, Dmitry - 1932, Nikolai - 1934, Matryon's daughter - 1939. The children were the pride of their parents, grew up obedient, attentive, enthusiastic.

Jacob - short, brown-eyed, very inquisitive boy, was fond of drawing, modeling. At school, he studied only "excellent". In his hands a balalaika, guitar, accordion, button accordion sparkled with amazing music. And danced like a perky! Everyone was admiring how easily he was spinning in a waltz, dancing square dance dashingly, dancing tango. Jacob conquered everyone with his love of life, wit. Relatives called him an artist. And he worked very well in the field - quickly mastered the new tractor, which was bought by the collective farm.

June 22 Morning 1941 crossed out the life plans of millions of young people. Only in the evening of June 21, Jacob Drobin played the accordion "Rio Rita", everyone danced, had fun, made plans for the future. And in the morning ... Reproducers reported a nationwide disaster.

The elder brother Mikhail was urgently called to the front, Yakov also asked, but he hadn’t had 17 years yet ... Together with his peers, he was bringing victory with relentless work in the rear. They dug trenches, helped evacuate cattle.

The youth of the village gathered at the Komsomol meetings, decided how to help the front. They grew tobacco, knitted warm clothes. Jacob was a real leader in these difficult days.

22 August 1942, the Nazis entered the area. The village was occupied for 5 months. Jacob was very worried about the fate of all his younger brothers and sisters. He once saw one German take a little sister in his arms, began to give her honey, and my mother cried, asked to give the child. And the German said: "Do not be afraid, I will give it, I myself have a girl like that in Germany ...". But it was a war, and the German was the enemy ...

January 23 Day 1943 of the year remained in the memory of the residents of Srednyaya Egorlyk village forever. It was a damp, dank day: snow, slush, piercing wind. Scouts arrived from the village of Peschanokopskiy in the morning. And then fighters of the 530 th Baranavichy anti-tank anti-tank orders of Alexander Nevsky and Bogdan Khmelnitsky artillery regiment entered.

People gladly met their liberators. A hospital was organized at the school, the wounded were laid on straw, operations were performed day and night. Residents carried food, warm clothes, the girls helped in the hospital.

And Jacob Drobin, Veniamin Fedorov, Andrei Putylin, Grigory Semendyayev approached the commander and asked to take them to the regiment. At first, the commander did not agree, but, seeing the persistence of the guys, the glitter in their eyes, he agreed.

Jacob with friends released Rostov-on-Don, fought on the Mius-front. Then they drove the Nazis to the West. Jacob served as the gun number of the 1 battery. Desperate, courageous, honest, cheerful. Something Terkin reminded. In moments of rest, he was amused by the game of accordions. But not for long had to serve the young fighter.

In December, 1943, in the battle of the Great Lepetiha, Jacob Drobin was seriously wounded. Military surgeons could not do anything to save his leg. “Amputation” - the word sounded like a sentence. But there was no other way out. 19-year-old boy, turned to the wall, wept. How to live now? The wounded, as they could, comforted each other. Someone remained blind, someone lost his hands, and Jacob - without a leg.

He thought about mother, father, brothers. And then he also received a letter that his elder brother Mikhail was also wounded.

And then Jacob on crutches went for his elder brother. Michael was hit in the head. Both brothers, Michael and Jacob, maimed by the war, went home to Middle Yegorlyk.

When they returned home, my mother cried, saying: "My little ones are alive, even though my little ones are back." The brothers became disabled in 19 and in 21 year.

A new page began in the life of Jacob. He was not going to surrender: he took musical instruments in his hands, but the people of the village needed it! He is appointed head of the club. What agitation teams performed on stage, what concerts were prepared, legless harmonist was the soul of the whole village. A real feeling came to him. Katya Vatutina’s eyes startled him. And she stuck to Jacob with all her heart.

Katya's mother tried to dissuade: “Daughter, think how you will live, he is an invalid of the first group, you will suffer with him.” But Katya is a real Stakhanovka, a hard worker, a clever and beautiful woman who is not afraid of difficulties. 18 July 1949, Jacob and Katya got married. They lived in perfect harmony. Many did not understand the secret of their happiness. And there was no special secret. They just loved each other.

What difficulties did Jacob overcome? Over time, we ordered a wooden prosthesis that was fastened with straps to the belt and shoulder. Every morning Ekaterina Ilyinichna spent a long time collecting her husband for work. He graduated from the technical school in absentia, worked as an instructor of production and technical training at PU-85, and then went to work as a senior radio mechanic at a rural radio center. And only in 1979 retired.

Years after the end of the war, veterans of the 530 th Baranavichy anti-tank fighter orders of Alexander Nevsky and Bogdan Khmelnitsky artillery regiment began to gather for warm, friendly meetings. They gathered in the cities of Bataysk (1982 year), Gorky (9 May 1981 year), Kakhovka (9 May 1983 year), Tbilisi (1984 year), Taganrog (1988 year).

In 1986, the veterans met in the village of Sredniy Yegorlyk. Hero of the Soviet Union, Major General N.P. Varyagov, Chairman of the Board of Veterans of the Regiment, Hero of the Soviet Union V.A. Bogdanenko, Sh.M. Mashkautsan, Yu.V. Sadovsky, holder of the Order of Glory MP Chernyshov, veterans of the regiment came from all over the multinational country. From orders and medals everything glistened.

The war has long ended ... Overgrown trenches, trenches and ditches. The long-awaited Victory came at a high price ... To great regret, the veterans of World War II go and go. Drobin Yakov Fedoseevich, having lived a difficult but happy life, died in 2000 year. He was loved by all the villagers. And when he died, everyone came to take him with honors on his last journey. On the street Post, the old street of the village, there are several houses built in the same style. Here lived the families of the remarkable people of the Drobins: Mikhail Fedoseyevich, Yakov Fedoseyevich, Alexander Fedoseyevich. In the spring and summer, this whole street is immersed in greenery and flowers. And every time we are here, we unwittingly hold our eyes on the house with blue shutters, on which is attached a sign: "A war veteran lives here." Veterans leave, and the memory remains ...
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 5 November 2015 07: 37
    Before the war, Hitler told the top officers of his army: "... It's about the struggle for extermination ... In the East, cruelty will be good for the future."..Hitler is not, and his ideas live ... and are realized by other methods ..
    Thank..Veterans leave, but memory remains ..... Without memory, turn into madmen ..
    GEORGE 5 November 2015 11: 37
    We must keep the memory of THEM forever in our hearts and pass from generation to generation !!! I read this article and I saw everything with my own eyes !!! My sincere respect to the author !!!
  3. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 5 November 2015 16: 29
    Thank you for the article. These are real Soviet People !!