Military Review

"He with the stars does not care about picking"

8
October 8 The 2015 of the year on the territory of the Neklinovsk flight school named after the 4 of the Red Banner Air Army passed a celebration dedicated to two important events. For the first time, a monument to the legendary pilot, three times Hero of the Soviet Union Alexander Pokryshkin was opened here. The second event concerned each applicant personally - they gave an oath of allegiance to the motherland.


On this amazing, slightly frosty piercingly clear sunny blue day, the voice of the sixteen-year-old freshman Pavel Mertz Neklinovskoy flight school sounded especially clear, who, picking up a guitar, gave several clear chords and sang a song about Pokryshkin:

Pokryshkin in the sky, then there will be a cover.
From the fascist reptiles in the sky the demand is doubly.
Sibiryachok, Zakamensky boy,
Forged our victory in the war.

Takeoff, betonka, ailerons to battle,
Lifting force brought up
KP wheezes: “Hey, hundredth“ behind your back! ”
Crow aces black silhouette.

Virage, pique and boldly enters the "hill"
In the eyes of burgundy and crushes nine zhe
He with the stars do not care about picking,
And ac peak writhes already.

KP roars on mother delighted,
A "hundredth" tearing the car in pitch,
And gritting his teeth will say: "Guten Morgen,"
Aces second knocked on the bend.

And after the fight weaver fighting,
The one that gave the courage for courage,
Waving with friends for the fate of dashing,
Well, for the fact that "girls afterwards."

Pokryshkin in the sky, then there will be a cover.
From the fascist reptiles in the sky the demand is doubly.
Sibiryachok, Zakamensky boy
Forged our victory in the war.


Call sign "hundredth" belonged to Pokryshkin.

The lyrics of the song were found by chance by Paul’s father: in one of the old author’s collections on the back, he saw the text he liked by hand in pencil. Who is the author of the text is not known. “Vyacheslav Valerievich Rudov, the teacher of the school, helped me to pick up the chords, and I picked up the battle,” said Pavel Merts.

So from the joint trinity of the father, the teacher and the son turned out a great song. Her words, memorable, still sound in my head, especially like the first two lines:

Pokryshkin in the sky, then there will be a cover.
From the fascist reptiles there will be doubly demand ...

I like this song. It is rhythmic, and with its sounding it seems that soldiers are going in orderly rows, clearly beating off a step on the pavement. This is a marching song, which, obviously, will then learn and sing in the ranks.

She likes and cadets. In their blue uniform, they stood unmoved in the ranks and listened attentively. And this is understandable, because they were already people of military service, and according to the regulations they were supposed to stand at attention. But indeed, all the civilians who were present also stood quietly and listened to this wonderful song, which was timed to the day of taking the oath, which also took place on the territory of the October 8 school of the year 2015.

The holiday turned out to be so dynamic and exciting that no one even had the idea to think that everything would have ended soon. This thought would be just blasphemous. But often at civil meetings, you think longingly when it will all end. Here, everything happened quickly and dynamically, as it should be, in principle, to pass through the whole event, but with talent and well thought out in particular. Cadets and organizers have tried to please the audience in each speech.

The holiday began on the airfield. Parachute jumps to a limited site were performed by rescuers from the Southern Aviation Search and Rescue Center, employees of the Rostov Regional Search and Rescue Base. In the sky - the plane An-2. The crew commander is Alexey Vladimirovich Perepechaev, a graduate of the Armavir Flight School, a third-class pilot, a total raid - 500 hours on L-39, MiG-23, and An-2 aircraft.

The crew made a pass over the landing area: checkers were set on fire to determine the direction and strength of the wind. Jumps were performed in two rounds. The plane scored a given height - 1200 meters. First set. Tiny figures appear one after another in the sky, they are rapidly flying to the ground. Igor Vasilyevich Yakimenok, first class parachutist (performed 956 jumps) and Alexey Viktorovich Kononenko, head of the Rostov regional search and rescue base (on account of 1112 jumps) in time opened their parachutes and landed exactly in the center of the stadium.

The leading, honored military pilot of the Russian Federation, reserve colonel Vladimir Ivanovich Markov says that in the event of a breakdown or accident of an aircraft, search and rescue forces on duty, who are in round-the-clock readiness for departure, rise to search and rescue passengers and crew. Regional search and rescue bases are located at seven airports in the South and North Caucasus Federal Districts and the Republic of Crimea. The area of ​​responsibility has a complex climatic and geographic character, includes a desert area, foothill and mountainous regions of the North Caucasus, the Black, Caspian and Azov Seas, and inland waters. Borders with neighboring states: Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia. All rescuers who have performed parachute jumps today have repeatedly participated in search and rescue operations. On their account and bases are more than a dozen successful operations, including in natural disaster zones, with aviation and marine accidents: this is the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, the city of Krymsk.

In the Neklinovskoy flight school, rescuers are also trained. And to the assembled applicants and cadets, in deeds, not in words, visual aspects of their future work were demonstrated.

The main task of the parachute training is “the skillful execution of parachute jumps from aircraft with full display day and night, in simple and complex meteorological conditions, at any time of the year and on different terrain, and also to quickly prepare equipment and cargo for parachute landing and landing methods ", - says the rescuers instructions.

In the course of the second run, Alexander Anatolyevich Sokolov, a first-class rescuer, performed jumps with 1865 jumps. On this day, October 8, he had a birthday, turned 44, and he thus celebrated his birth in the air. And also - Alexander Nikolaevich Shafeev, a first-class rescuer, performed 2155 skydiving.

The head of the jumps at the landing site - Deputy Head of the Rostov Regional Search and Rescue Base - Andrei Andreyevich Vorobiev (on his account 1856 jumps) was satisfied with the staff. All jumps were performed perfectly. Numerous guests of the holiday agreed with this assessment, who, without ceasing, filmed everything that happens on phones, smartphones, iPhones and cameras. It was evident that civilians missed the real holiday, in real cases.

The paratroopers didn’t have time to gather their “wings” when representatives of small aircraft appeared over the stadium - light single-engine airplanes, almost touching the wings of the treetops, swept over the stadium several times beautifully. One, another, the third, welcoming the gathered pupils, their parents and the guests of honor of the holiday, among which were: the head of the administration of the Neklinovsky district, V.F. Danilenko, Deputy Mayor of the city of Taganrog, AB Zabezhaylo, members of the school’s board of trustees and numerous Air Force veterans. Their names and titles are worthy of being listed because each of them has an amazing life, filled with invaluable experience that many of them are passing to another generation, thus leaving an inversion mark or vortex bundles individually or in combination with Prandtl-Gloert effect not only in the sky, but also its moral, spiritual mark on this earth.

Lt. Col. reserve, head of the military-patriotic department of the Palace of creativity of children and youth in Rostov-on-Don, Alexander Vladimirovich Shchennikov for many years publishes the newspaper "Citizen and Patriot" and is engaged in organizational and teaching work, conducting several events per month on the flight and military affairs; airman, retired colonel Vladimir Nikiforovich Shchelyanov; a pilot, a retired colonel, a member of the presidium of the veteran organization of the fourth Red Banner Army of the Air Force and Air Defense, Pavel Kirillov; teachers of the club "Young Pilot named after the 4 Air Force" of the Palace of Children's and Youth Creativity, Lieutenant Colonel Valery Alexandrovich Likhonosov and Stanislav Vladimirovich Kornayev, a veteran of hostilities in Afghanistan, a pilot Oleg Matveevich Nazarov. A retired colonel, a war veteran, a retired lieutenant colonel, Makhmut Bakirovich Salimov, writes books in the style of a national epos: he brought several copies of his new book, The Weeping Wolf, to pupils of the Neklinovskaya school. Veteran of military service, Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Rostov City Youth Club and veterans "Patriot" V.A. Soldatenko has been working in the field of youth education for many years.

This fusion of generations could be seen only here.

Meanwhile, the air show was coming to an end. It ended with the appearance of a helicopter that flew several times over the stadium, and each time the right door opened in it, through which a generous hand threw a pack of leaflets into the air. White leaves flew like a fan down, people were taken aback: no one had seen that for a long time, and then everyone rushed to pick up a message from heaven. It turned out to be a kind of congratulation to the pupils on the most important day in their present life.

And the holiday was gaining momentum. Finally, the main climax came - the opening of the monument to Pokryshkin. The shots of the company of the guard of honor are heard - a white blanket that carefully wrapped the monument was pulled down, and everyone saw the bust of the legendary pilot.

For the first time on the school grounds, it was decided to establish such a monument. According to the director of the school, honored teacher of the Russian Federation, Lieutenant Colonel Leonid Isaakovich Goldber, his commitment to Tire Affairs is explained by the fact that he served in the fourth Red Banner Air Army and fought in these places.

- Dear guys, I greet you on this beautiful day. The most important thing is that today we are unveiling a monument to the first and only three times Hero of the Soviet Union, Alexander Pokryshkin, in a war. A brilliant pilot, his achievements were recognized all over the world, ”said General Viktor Vladimirovich Grishin, Chairman of the Union of War Veterans and Military Service of the 4 Red Banner Air Army, during his speech. - At that time, the aircraft could only go through the Komsomol permit, and therefore Pokryshkin goes to study in the trade school. Clement Efremovich Voroshilov put a resolution on his 39 in a report on the report: “Take to school”. Pokryshkin graduated from the Kachinsky Flight School with honors. Not a single projectile hit his plane, as he was doing right-handed pieces with maximum overload. He was a truthful person responsible for himself and his actions. He suffered from it, but he sought the truth. A simple example: when the war began, the instructions by which our pilots fought were old. The Germans flew in pairs, with cover, while our pilots did not use this method, guided by outdated instructions. Pokryshkin began to seek the application of a similar method. He was even suspended from flying for violation of instructions. Even when he sat in the guardhouse, he drew a scheme of military operations. He “rooted” for the Motherland as no one else. And the truth finally triumphed. In the Kuban, where the legendary pilot fought, we drove along the paths of his military glory, where he shot down 39 enemy planes. He was an ace. There was no person so purposeful. We must be like these people, learn from them the strength of spirit and the ability to win. Your task is to obtain all the necessary knowledge for excellent service for the benefit of your homeland, which today has many enemies and must be protected.

General Viktor Vladimirovich Grishin (he, too, like Pokryshkin, graduated from the Kachin school) as the best leader in the country of the Yeysk Higher Military Aviation School personally met with Pokryshkin and remembers this man well. “It is interesting that at first glance Pokryshkin seemed a stern person, but after a few minutes of communication with him, all sorts of obstacles disappeared, and it seemed that you knew him for many years and flew with him in the same system,” says Grishin.

I was personally acquainted with Pokryshkin and a veteran of military operations in Afghanistan, pilot Oleg Matveevich Nazarov. He was lucky to stand here in the same way, only many years ago, in 1968, and listen to the words of farewell from the legendary pilot.

All this Grishin and Nazarov told the cadets.

Flight, spiritual and professional relay continues.

In the meantime, a brass band sounded, and freshmen marched down the central alley with solemn marches, keeping to the right, onto a beautiful and strict monument to the brave Hero. Having made a circle, the pupils went to the parade ground, where the solemn oath of allegiance to the Motherland, which is included in the list of traditions of the Neklinovsk flight school, took place.

The guys one by one failed, and voiced polyphony was heard around. They became commissioned and became already a few other people, different from the slumbering youth, some of whose representatives find it difficult to understand the invisible spiritual and moral face that their peers have crossed. And this border has become for them one of the main ones, which ultimately helps to preserve the main spiritual and moral guidelines that in recent years we have been trying to gather and understand why, over time, we have lost that state of the soul that was inexplicable Russian spirit.

October 8 applicants 23-th recruitment became equal with other cadets, with a full set of rights and obligations.

“I ... solemnly swear ...”

So their grandfathers and great-grandfathers swore.

The words of the oath are not much different from the words that the cadet took in 1968. “In the end, we said: I serve the Soviet Union, and now they say: I serve Russia,” explained Oleg Matveevich Nazarov and showed a photo in which the legendary pilot, already an Air Marshal, in 60-s, hands him a certificate to the graduate of the Armavir school military school. This amateur black and white photograph from the distant sixties today became a kind of baton that connected the pilots of that time with future pilots of the twenty-first century who are here today, being still pupils of the flight school, some of them have already decided to devote their lives to one of most legendary professions.

It is symbolic that it was in the Neklinovsky flight school, located on the border of the Neklinovsky and Matveyev-Kurgan districts of the Rostov region, where during the Great Patriotic War the fiercest battles took place on the Mius-front, the kindest, brightest, rigorous, and demanding . All that was always inherent in a man who stood up to defend his homeland.

At the suggestion of Grishin, in the near future it is planned to organize a new youth movement - “tire workers”, designed for general education schools and focusing on educating the spiritual and moral generation on the example of the life and work of great people of Russia.

For reference. The actions of 4-th Air Army, in which Alexander Pokryshkin also fought during the defense of Rostov-on-Don, in the battle for the Caucasus and in the Kuban air battle in 1942-1943 (excerpts from the article by Viktor Vladimirovich Grishin "Actions of the Southern Front Aviation, 4 th and 8 air armies in southern Russia in 1941-1943 ”):

“The experience of military operations showed that the dispersal of aviation in combined arms armies made it difficult to control and concentrate forces in the main sector. This reduced the combat capabilities of aviation. Therefore, in May 1942, the front aviation was merged. May 22 The 1942 Air Force was formed by decision of the Supreme Command Headquarters. It includes 4-I, 21-I, 217-I fighter, 229-I assault, 230-I bomber and 219-I night bomber aviation divisions, as well as seven separate mixed aviation regiments. By the end of May, the air army had 218 aircraft and 208 flight crews. At the beginning of June, 437 was supplemented by another regiment - the 1942 night light bomber, which became the first female aviation unit in the Soviet Air Force (commander E. Bershanskaya).

Despite the difficult situation, the units of the army conducted air reconnaissance of the enemy troops, and also took active steps to destroy them. Only in the period from July 21 to August 17, the 1942 of the year was produced before the 10 000 aircraft sorties. Continuous actions of aviation played a significant role in slowing down the enemy's offensive and in disrupting the plan for the encirclement of the Soviet troops in the foothills of the Caucasus.

In November 1942, the enemy offensive was stopped, the enemy failed to break into the Transcaucasus. By this time, Soviet troops began to receive reinforcements and the balance of forces began to change in their favor. The Northern Group of Forces of the Transcaucasian Front was faced with the task of defeating the first tank the enemy’s army and cutting off the retreat route to the German Army Group “A” on the coast of the Sea of ​​Azov. During the preparation of the offensive, the 4th Air Army, by its active actions against enemy aircraft, forced it to reduce activity (C570 sorties per day in early November to 140 by the end of the month).

The Soviet offensive began on 3 on January 1943 of the year. The enemy hastily retreated to Stavropol and Armavir. The weather was unfavorable, it was dominated by overcast, in the morning there were heavy fogs, it was snowing and raining. Despite all the difficulties, the pilots inflicted sensitive blows at the enemy. Combat missions were carried out in small groups, in pairs and by single planes. The roads on which the Wehrmacht retreated, as a result of the actions of the 4 Air Force, were littered with burned tanks, cars and corpses of German soldiers and officers. At the end of January 1943, when the troops of the Southern Front reached the area of ​​the city of Bataysk and cut off the enemy's retreat routes to Rostov, the German command began to divert the remnants of their group to the Kuban.

The 4 air force formations were aimed at supporting the troops of the North Caucasus Front, created in mid-January on the basis of the northern group of troops of the Transcaucasian Front. In addition to the destruction of military equipment and enemy troops on the battlefield and strikes against the columns on the roads, the pilots were tasked with fighting the floating facilities in the Kerch Strait and the enemy's transport aircraft to disrupt the transfer of fascist troops from Taman to the Crimea and Donbass regions.

Having performed 300 sorties in February, attack aircraft and army bombers sank 10 barges with troops and destroyed six berths. No less successfully acted pilots against enemy transport aircraft. During the strikes on the airfields, 60 airplanes and 17 cargo gliders were put out of action, and 87 transport airplanes were shot down in the air.

In March, the German command accepted the decision to hold the lower reaches of the Kuban and Taman at any cost. The evacuation of troops stopped, the German units began to receive replenishment of manpower and equipment. On the airfields in the southern part of Ukraine, the Crimea and the Taman Peninsula, the enemy deployed thousands of aircraft to 1, which amounted to 38 percent of its entire aviation on the Soviet-German front. The best fighter connections of the Luftwaffe - the squadron "Udet", "Melders", "Green Heart" and others, as well as a special group of German aces to fight against Soviet fighters were involved.

But the Soviet air armies were ready for such a turn of events at the front. 20 on April 1943 of the year was approved by the plan of the offensive air force of the North Caucasus Front, which included the 4-I and 5-I air armies, reinforced by three air corps and two air divisions, equipped with new aircraft. In total, Soviet aircraft had about 950 aircraft.

The first air battle took place on April 17-24 during the fighting in Malaya Zemlya in the Myskhako area. Participated in about 600 enemy planes and 500 Soviet aircraft. Subsequent battles took place in the area of ​​the stanitsa of Crimea (April 29 - May 10), Kiev and Moldavian (May 26 and June 7) and lasted continuously for several hours with a wide build-up of forces. On some days, a relatively narrow area (23-39 kilometers) took place before the 40 group battles involving 50-80 aircraft on both sides. At the same time, Soviet aviation struck enemy airfields. During the air battle in the Kuban region, high combat readiness of aviation formations and units, skill of the aircrew and command personnel, well-established control and interaction between the ground and airborne units were demonstrated. New methods of air combat and control were conceived: vertical maneuver, separation of combat forces in height, putting reserves into battle, managing group air battles from ground control points and others.

Soviet pilots demonstrated courage, courage, ingenuity: 52 pilots were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. ”





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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 19 October 2015 08: 04 New
    +4
    - I ... solemnly swear ... So their grandfathers and great-grandfathers swore... Grandchildren continue .. And it should be so ..
  2. V.ic
    V.ic 19 October 2015 08: 50 New
    +1
    Ace! A man with a capital letter. He began to shoot down Goering's vultures in 1941, and in April 1945 he led his air divisions to the den of the fascist beast. A pilot from God, although he began to serve as a technician, therefore he could "trust" the car, and the cars did not let him down.
  3. kirpich
    kirpich 19 October 2015 09: 52 New
    +3
    One of his surnames made the "vaunted" Gering aces scatter when they sounded in their headphones - AHTUNG, AHTUNG, Pokryshkin IN DAS LYUFT !!!!!!
  4. Belousov
    Belousov 19 October 2015 12: 31 New
    0
    The earth is rich in Russian heroes!
  5. Scud
    Scud 19 October 2015 18: 04 New
    0
    Question!? How many of you have read a book written by Pokryshkin?
    1. tank64rus
      tank64rus 19 October 2015 19: 48 New
      +1
      Read. It is written well. We argue on the Internet who is the best pilot of World War 2. Nominate different, especially the Germans are trying. I think that this is A. Pokryshkin. Why, he created a new battle tactics for fighters. Created by fighting. Despite the latent and open opposition, he created some of the bosses. I taught this to my pilots, especially young ones. He struck it to the top, for which Stalin offered him the post of chief of combat training of fighter aircraft. General position. A. Pokryshkin decided to stay at the front. The Germans were beaten.
    2. tank64rus
      tank64rus 19 October 2015 19: 48 New
      0
      Read. It is written well. We argue on the Internet who is the best pilot of World War 2. Nominate different, especially the Germans are trying. I think that this is A. Pokryshkin. Why, he created a new battle tactics for fighters. Created by fighting. Despite the latent and open opposition, he created some of the bosses. I taught this to my pilots, especially young ones. He struck it to the top, for which Stalin offered him the post of chief of combat training of fighter aircraft. General position. A. Pokryshkin decided to stay at the front. The Germans were beaten.
    3. Oberon_13
      Oberon_13 20 October 2015 10: 16 New
      0
      I have not read Pokryshkin's book. But I read the book by Konstantin Sukhov, who fought with him, "The squadron is fighting." Because I am fond of flight simulators, then I often come across on various sites of game clans on the so-called "Pokryshkin's notebook", where the techniques of air combat are drawn.