Military Review

Innovation Day of Southern Military District: upgraded multi-purpose tractor MT-LB 6MB

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Timely upgrading allows you to operate the equipment for a long time. Outdated components must give way to new ones, which allows us to keep the characteristics of the equipment at the required level and thereby extend its service life. One of the results of this approach to the operation of equipment was recently demonstrated at the exhibition "Innovation Day of the Southern Military District." Among other vehicles, the exposition included an updated MT-LB 6MB multi-purpose tractor.


The modernization project “6MB” was developed by the “Muromteplovoz” plant and is one of the representatives of the whole family. For several years, the Murom enterprise has created several projects for the modernization of MT-LB towers aimed at improving their performance and, in particular, their combat effectiveness. It is proposed to improve the performance of old vehicles by repairing and replacing some units, as well as using new weapons.

The main innovation of the project MT-LB 6MB is a new combat compartment, not previously used on the machines of this family. In the course of repair and modernization, a reinforced under-turret box is installed on the body of the basic tractor, on the chase of which the combat compartment of the BKU-1 with new weapons is mounted. The applied weapon system allows you to significantly increase the firepower of the machine in comparison with its base case. Initially, the MT-LB was equipped only with a machine gun, but now it carries a machine gun and a small-caliber automatic cannon.



In order to simplify the project, upgrading to the state of MT-LB 6MB involves the use of the existing combat unit of the BKU-1, borrowed from the BTR-80A armored personnel carrier and other vehicles of this class. Thus, when modernizing existing equipment, there is no need to manufacture completely new components, since only existing products are used. Nevertheless, Muromteplovoz offers several new projects of combat units, differing from the control unit-1 in the composition of their weapons and instrumentation equipment.

The new tower, mounted on the MT-LB 6MB, has a monitors layout with a rocking installation of the gun and the associated machine gun cover. Main weapon This fighting compartment - 30-mm automatic gun 2А72. Additional - PKTM machine gun and smoke grenade launchers. An important feature of the BPU-1 product is the layout of cartridge boxes and turret devices. All ammunition stored outside the hull of the base machine. Below the roof is only the gunner's workplace, equipped with controls and viewing devices.

The fighting compartment is equipped with day and night sights. The 1P3-9 device is intended for shooting during daylight hours. At night, use TPN3-42. These devices provide shelling targets at ranges up to 2-2,5 km (from a cannon) or to 1-1,5 km (from a machine gun).

After the installation of the new combat compartment, the combat weight of the MT-LB 6MB almost does not change and does not exceed 12,75 t. This made it possible to preserve the existing engine. In the engine compartment of the machine is a diesel engine YMZ-238BM power 240 hp This power plant provides maximum speed on the highway at the level of 60 km / h. In addition, the machine maintains buoyancy and can move through the water at speeds up to 5-6 km / h.

The upgraded armored vehicles MT-LB 6MB are mass-produced and transferred to the armed forces. The customer, represented by the Ministry of Defense, considered such an option to refine the existing equipment acceptable and convenient, since it allows keeping existing machines in service, but at the same time significantly improving their combat qualities.

After modernization, the front-line soldiers MT-LB continue to serve in various units of the armed forces. Such equipment is available in all military districts, including in the South. One of the machines MT-LB 6MB, operated in the Southern Military District, has recently become an exhibit. Anyone could get acquainted with this machine during the exhibition "Day of Innovation of the Southern Military District".



Differences from the base machine are minimal








Hatches and viewing devices of the driver and commander



Wave Reflector



Lighting equipment






Chassis



Access to the troop compartment through the stern door



Also saved two sunroof



Visitors to the exhibition try themselves in the role of the gunner



Airborne landing on the left side



Boxes in the right fender



New tower with weapons



To install the tower on the case is mounted durable turret box



Pivot tower with weapons



2А72 cannon and 902В smoke grenade launchers



The casing of the machine gun (the machine gun itself was removed) and a block of smoke grenade launchers on the starboard side of the tower



Left grenade launcher


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  1. inkass_98
    inkass_98 16 October 2015 07: 35 New
    +14
    The need to install an 30-mm gun on a tractor (!), Which is not a machine of the battlefield, is not very clear. The same KPVT would have been cheaper, and it’s more logical on such a machine: you still don’t have to shoot from hypothetical enemies, in extreme cases, fight ambushes. You won’t go to battle on it, since the armor is zero, and the Shaitans in the nearest bushes will have enough firepower of standard BTR-80 weapons to shoot. The customer, of course, is more visible, but to me personally the purpose of such a rearmament is not obvious.
    1. War and Peace
      War and Peace 16 October 2015 08: 58 New
      +5
      Quote: inkass_98
      The need to install a 30-mm gun on a tractor (!), which is not a machine of the battlefield, is not very clear. T


      this modernization didn’t go in the right direction, the small MTLB multi-purpose tractor is the best tractor in our army, everyone only praises it, but the purpose of the tractor is TRANSPORTATION of artillery systems and the rest of the moving army equipment and personnel, they don’t invite him to the front line of military operations . If we say foreign customers and want to deliver a BM with advanced capabilities, then please, but we would need to upgrade: -Increase the INTERNAL VOLUME and, accordingly, the cruising range, make the modern entrance and exit of the transported personnel an aparel, that would be the right upgrade ...
    2. Pbs
      Pbs 16 October 2015 09: 00 New
      +3
      Well, the article about customers does not say, apparently this is the initiative of the plant. It is entirely possible that they did not focus on the needs of the Russian army (we hardly need motor-guns with auto-cannons), but purely on export, if African Africans from banana republics are tempted, they love that.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. cosmos111
        cosmos111 16 October 2015 12: 03 New
        +5
        Quote: Pbs
        Well, the article about customers doesn't say

        The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, in such a modification, has been in service with the 2006 of the Caspian Marines ... flotilla ... MT-LBM 6MB with 30-mm automatic gun ...


        excessive weapons, cardboard armor, mine protection ZZZ ..

        undermining MT-LB 6MB on 2 training mines (I repeat)




        motolyga excellent conveyor, (Arctic, etc.)
        1. War and Peace
          War and Peace 16 October 2015 15: 10 New
          +2
          the arctic fox, tore off the skating rink from the motolyga, for this the head technician will not stroke the head ...
    3. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 16 October 2015 16: 39 New
      +6
      Quote: inkass_98
      The need to install a 30-mm gun on a tractor (!), Which is not a machine of the battlefield, is not very clear.

      MTLB since the time of Afghanistan has become an ersatz-armored personnel carrier. In the first and second Chechen ones it was very actively used precisely as an armored personnel carrier. Even now, there are linear units armed with “motoligami” precisely in the role of armored personnel carriers - 200 omsbr, 80 omsbr.

      In the basic version, the motor league has one FCT. This is not enough for an APC. Therefore, to enhance the firepower of these parts while maintaining a single chassis, “heavy” versions of the MTLB were invented.
    4. gallville
      gallville 16 October 2015 20: 55 New
      +4
      MTLB is used as a BMP in mountain brigades. MTLB from the article were in Georgia. They can be seen in some photos.
  2. La-5
    La-5 16 October 2015 14: 20 New
    +3
    Well, why do I need a truck tractor, it’s not a BMP ?!
    1. vanya
      vanya 16 October 2015 16: 41 New
      +3
      for Mercedes officials from the Ministry of Defense turrets need to be attached
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 16 October 2015 16: 55 New
      +5
      Quote: La-5
      Well, why do I need a truck tractor, it’s not a BMP ?!

      And this is not for tractors. This is for those units that regularly have a moto league as an armored personnel carrier (marines + Arctic).
      In the same Arctic, cross-country ability is more important than armor protection - and motor-league was appreciated precisely because of cross-country ability. Moreover, the enemy also has “normal” armored personnel carriers / infantry fighting vehicles (with their automatic cannons dangerous for MTLBs) in those parts.
      1. La-5
        La-5 17 October 2015 00: 02 New
        +2
        Quote: Alexey RA
        Quote: La-5
        Well, why do I need a truck tractor, it’s not a BMP ?!

        And this is not for tractors. This is for those units that regularly have a moto league as an armored personnel carrier (marines + Arctic).
        In the same Arctic, cross-country ability is more important than armor protection - and motor-league was appreciated precisely because of cross-country ability. Moreover, the enemy also has “normal” armored personnel carriers / infantry fighting vehicles (with their automatic cannons dangerous for MTLBs) in those parts.

        So it might be better to make the original passable BMP for hard-to-reach regions, rather than reinvent the wheel.
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 19 October 2015 12: 08 New
          +2
          Quote: La-5
          So it might be better to make the original passable BMP for hard-to-reach regions, rather than reinvent the wheel.

          That’s how it is done - Vityaz and UVZ have been struggling with this for about 6 years now. But does not come out a stone flower for now. sad

          But it’s necessary to arm the brigades. Therefore, in a qualitatively temporary measure, these "heavy weapons tractors" were made.
  3. max702
    max702 16 October 2015 20: 40 New
    +2
    What is the gun for the tractor for ... Well, personally, let’s say you serve as a “tractor”, and you have a business trip to the database zone, and with what you would like to go there? With the PKT 7.62 or a full-fledged module with 30mm and 7.62 + sights and more ... Of course, not only your MTLB is armed with this module, but absolutely everything (we must strive for this) and the commander understands perfectly well that this is not a tank for breaking through thoughts do not send you .. And what kind of modification do you prefer? With 7.62 or a full 30mm + module?
    pc: I had a friend who served on the BTR-80A from 30mm, the reviews were extremely positive, this gun sharply increased the power of the unit, sometimes forcing the enemy simply not to make fire contact and forcing to retreat .. So there is never much fire power! And sometimes there is a small caliber and too little ammunition, but you can’t take it anymore ..
    1. chinArmy
      chinArmy 17 October 2015 10: 09 New
      +1
      Already wrote in similar articles that commanders in the conditions of a DB strive to use firepower to the fullest, and will not be shy to use MTLB with 30 mm as an armored personnel carrier.

      In principle, why put the 30-mm module, if it will not be used. And if it is used, then against what goals?

      Pull the 30-mm tractor unit lightly armored to the bottom, like a stone on the neck, without which it would quietly be used in the rear and on the front edge for its intended purpose
  4. Sevastopol 76
    Sevastopol 76 16 October 2015 21: 22 New
    +1
    Firepower certainly greatly raised!
  5. 31rus
    31rus 16 October 2015 21: 42 New
    +3
    Well, why is simple modernization being presented as innovation? The question is why there is no need for deep modernization, there are opportunities, a good base or they are waiting for “Armata”, so it will leave the Moscow Region without pants
  6. INF
    INF 16 October 2015 22: 27 New
    +2
    For the tractor, which dragged the personnel in the tail and mane, they could have made it higher, which would have added comfort, while shoving the gun they continue to call it the tractor ... Although everyone understands that it is called a tractor by convention.
  7. Anton56
    Anton56 17 October 2015 12: 36 New
    +1
    SW author, in your photo there are not "boxes in the right fenestrated shelf", but 2 batteries (you can see the jumper between them), which, by the way, is awkward to pull out and put in new ones.
  8. Gunther
    Gunther 18 October 2015 03: 08 New
    0
    inkass_98 Quote:
    The need to install a 30-mm gun on a tractor (!), Which is not a machine of the battlefield, is not very clear. The same KPVT would be cheaper, and it’s more logical

    Perhaps KPVT and more logical, in any case, increased firepower is a plus.
  9. Whitesnow
    Whitesnow 9 November 2015 20: 12 New
    0
    I will not discuss innovations, but I will ask the expert-sofa community a question: why is there a middle hatch in the management department on this miracle of Murom thought?