Iran in the Syrian conflict. The confrontation with Saudi Arabia and the interests of the Shiites

In mid-October, 2015. Iran stepped up its already serious assistance to the government of Bashar al-Assad in Syria, including by going to an increase in the number of military contingents stationed in the country. Reuters news agency reported the transfer of thousands of Iranian troops to Syria. The most prepared and well-armed units of the Iranian army, according to the news agency, will support the Syrian government forces in the fight against the "Islamic state" (this organization is banned in the Russian Federation as a terrorist) and other religious extremist groups.


Iran in the Syrian conflict. The confrontation with Saudi Arabia and the interests of the Shiites


Iranian presence in Syria: advisers or full units?

On October 14, 2015, Syrian Information Minister Omran al-Zoubi, who was interviewed by al-Mayadin TV channel, denied numerous reports of the entry of Iranian troops into Syrian territory. According to the official, only Iranian military advisers are present in Syria, there are no foreign ground troops in the country - neither Iranian nor Russian. Thus, the representative of the Syrian leadership once again confirmed the official line of the Bashar al-Assad government - Damascus enjoys the military-technical, informational, consultative support of a number of allied states, but the Syrian regular troops and militias carry out direct military operations against extremist groups. It should be noted that since September 30, 2015, at the official request of the legitimate Syrian President Bashar Assad, the Russian armed forces, more precisely, the Aerospace Forces of the Russian Federation, which delivered at least 450 air strikes on positions, are participating in the anti-terrorist operation in Syria militants of the “Islamic State”, destroying 300 armed people, training camps and command posts, supply infrastructure and rear facilities. Also, 26 missiles on the positions of the "Islamic State" were launched from ships of the Caspian flotilla.

But aviation support and missile strikes from ships, causing serious damage to the Islamic State and other radical groups, are good if they are inevitably followed by land operations to destroy terrorists. Meanwhile, the Syrian army, which for several years has been fighting against radical groups of the "opposition", suffers heavy human losses, needs replenishment of weapons, as well as military specialists who could serve modern high-tech weapon (the Syrian army has few such specialists - the vast majority of Syrian troops were trained on obsolete Soviet-made military equipment). For the Syrian army, the presence of foreign troops providing effective assistance in the fight against the enemy would be good support, but so far the country's leadership has maintained the position that the Syrian people can cope with the terrorist threat, using, first of all, their own soldiers. Although, of course, foreign military experts do not stand aside from the events. Western media are actively disseminating information about the participation in the battles on the side of Assad of the Lebanese Shiite organization Hezbollah (Shiites are historical opponents of the Sunnis, and in the current situation in the Middle East, the confrontation between representatives of two areas in Islam has again intensified), as well as the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC). Again, Reuters reported the death of October 8 in battles in northwestern Syria, near the city of Aleppo, Iranian General Hossein Hamedani. General Hossein Hamedani was one of the main military advisers to Syrian government forces. This experienced Iranian soldier, a veteran of the Iranian armed forces, took part in the Iran-Iraq war in 1980-1988, commanding the combat operations of the Iranian troops. Hamedani served in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, and arrived in Syria to assist the government forces fighting on the side of Bashar al-Assad as an adviser. After only four days, on October 12 2015, in Syria, two other high-ranking officers of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Major General Farshad Hasunizade and Brigadier General Hamid Mokhtarband, died in the fighting.

Rivalry with Saudi Arabia

The interests of Iran in Syria are quite understandable. Since the Islamic Revolution and the establishment of the Islamic Republic, Iran has remained one of Saudi Arabia’s key rivals for influence in the Middle East. Previously, a third center of power operated in the region — Arab secular nationalist regimes of socialist orientation — Iraq and Syria, supported by the Soviet Union. However, then the regime of Saddam Hussein in Iraq was overthrown by the American invasion, and Iraq itself virtually ceased to exist as a single state and was plunged into the abyss of civil war. A similar scenario the US and the allies tried to implement in Syria, but here the situation was somewhat more complicated. Bashar Assad is still both a politician and a man who is undoubtedly more attractive than Saddam Hussein. It is difficult to accuse him of totalitarian manners, reprisals against the civilian population, so he still enjoys the support and sympathy of not only his co-religionists - the Alawite and political allies of Russia, Iran and the Lebanese Hezbollah, but also of influential political forces in Western Europe. On top of that, Syria had a stronger and more efficient army, which for several years now has not allowed the militants of radical organizations to subordinate the entire territory of the country to their control. Well, the United States and the allies so far refrain from direct armed invasion of Syria, preferring to act with the hands of the so-called. "Syrian opposition." Now Syria remains the last anti-Saudi and anti-American bastion in the Arab world. After the series of uprisings that took place in 2011, most of the political regimes established as early as 1970-1980 (and even in 1960-s) were overthrown. The political situation in Egypt, Tunisia, and Yemen was destabilized, a bloody civil war began in Libya, and the country was actually divided into spheres of influence of individual political, religious and tribal groups. If the Assad regime falls in Syria, the positions of the same Iran will be irreparably damaged. It is this bleak prospect that does not leave Iran with any other behaviors except speaking in support of Bashar Assad.

Iran is the main ideological, military-political and economic adversary of Saudi Arabia in the Middle East. First, Iran is the recognized leader of the Shiite world, and also has authority as an advocate for Shiites and Shiite interests in those countries where Shiites are in the minority. The complexity of the situation in the Middle East is caused, among other things, by the mixed composition of the population - in a number of countries in the region not only Sunni Muslims live, but also large Shiite communities that are closely associated with Iran. Shiites make up the majority of the population in Iraq, and in the same Syria, the Shiites, although they are in the minority, but control all the levers of power in the country (as early as 1973, the Alawites, to whom the Assad family belongs, were recognized by the Imam Musa Sadr as Shiites, and a little later, the Alawites to Shiism recognized Iran). In addition, Shiites make up a large part of the population in Lebanon, where their large armed Hezbollah forces operate, supported by Iran. In Bahrain, Kuwait, Yemen, Turkey, and even Saudi Arabia, there are also numerous Shiite communities under the ideological and political influence of Iran. Relying on the support of Shiite communities, Iran has an excellent opportunity to influence the politics and economy of the Arab countries of the Middle East and even Turkey. Naturally, for the Sunni countries, the Shiite minorities on their territory pose a great danger, since they are agents of Iranian political and economic interests. In Saudi Arabia, Shiites live compactly just in the “oil-rich” provinces, which creates additional threats for the Saudi authorities to the economic well-being of the country in the case of organizing religious unrest.

- photo: http://www.vestifinance.ru/

By the way, the Shiites of Saudi Arabia are not so small in number - they make up at least 15% of the kingdom’s population. In the large centers of the Eastern Province of KSA - Dammam, Al-Zahran, Al-Khufuf, Al-Katyf, Shiites make up half the population, about 30 thousand Shiites live in the capital, Riyadh. It should be noted that in addition to the Shiite Arabs - the indigenous population of Saudi Arabia, there are people from Iran, Yemen, India and Pakistan living in the country, who also profess Shiism in its Imami and Ismaili interpretations. Naturally, the Shiites are in opposition to the moderate wing of the Salafis, who rule Saudi Arabia. Representatives of other trends in Islam have no influence on political decision-making in Saudi Arabia and, in fact, are in the position of political marginalized, isolated from real participation in the system of government. Since the place in the social hierarchy in the countries of the Persian Gulf is determined, first of all, by religious affiliation, minority Shiites experience not only religious, but also social discrimination. Growing unemployment (and in Saudi Arabia, according to some data, it covers up to 20% of the country's population), a decline in the standard of living of the country’s population and other economic problems inevitably affect the social situation of the Shiites of Saudi Arabia. Conflicts between Shiites and Sunnis periodically occur, and the power always takes the side of the Sunnis - not only because it sees the Shiites as a danger to the existing system, but also because of traditional tribal ties that are very strong in Saudi Arabia. Strictly speaking, Shiites in the kingdom became more active in 1979, since the Islamic revolution in Iran gave a very strong impetus to Shiite communities throughout the Middle East, showing the possibility of a complete political transformation of the state in a Shiite revolution. In the same city of 1979 the eastern provinces of Saudi Arabia were covered by mass demonstrations of Shiites, demanding respect for religious rights and freedoms, improvement of living conditions in areas inhabited by Shiites, etc. In 1987 was Mass clashes occurred in Mecca caused by an anti-American demonstration organized by pilgrims from Iran with the support of local Shiites. As a result of the dispersal of the demonstration, Saudi troops killed about 400 pilgrims. Escaping from the repressions that followed, a significant part of the Saudi Shiites, especially intellectuals and clergy, who had political influence on the Shiite community, emigrated from the country. So Saudi Arabia received the most powerful centers of anti-government propaganda in Western countries, where the Saudi Shiites formed diasporas. In 1990-ies. persecution of Shiites in Saudi Arabia continued. In particular, in 1996 New repressions against the Shiites began, the cause of which was an explosion at the American military base in Khobar, where 19 American servicemen died. The Saudi authorities accused the Shiites of involvement in the terrorist act, among whom there were mass arrests. In 2006 was In the eastern provinces of Saudi Arabia, there were clashes between Shiites and the police, caused by festive demonstrations organized by the Shiite community in honor of Hezbollah, which is conducting military operations against Israel. As a result of the crackdown on the demonstration, the police detained a large number of Shiites, who were thrown into jails without trial. The most radical Saudi Shiites do not conceal that their goal is to create an independent Shiite state in the eastern provinces of Saudi Arabia and in the territory of Bahrain. Naturally, such an idea itself horrifies the power of the kingdom, since Shiites inhabit the most economically interesting provinces of the country. The creation of a Shiite state and its separation from Saudi Arabia will be the end of the welfare of the Saudis. This is well understood by the Iranian leadership, which patronizes Saudi and Bahraini Shiites and strongly supports them, including against repression by the authorities of Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. Skillful actions on the part of Iran can significantly destabilize the situation in Saudi Arabia, which the Saudi monarchs fear most. One of the key reasons for organizing the war in Syria is Saudi Arabia’s desire to “push” the potential threat of social cataclysms, riots and revolutions from itself, at the same time “tying” Iran to solve the Syrian problem, which will distract its attention for a long time.

Yemen: Saudi army shows low level

Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia possess the strongest armed forces in the Middle East. However, if Turkey so far prefers to focus exclusively on solving the “Kurdish question” on its territory and in the adjacent regions of Syria and Iraq, then Saudi Arabia is already participating in military operations against Shiites - in Yemen. Recall that Shiites - Zaidis (followers of Zeid ibn Ali (grandson of the third Shiite Imam Hussein) make up just under half of Yemen’s population. Before the 1962 revolution, a kingdom created by the Zeidit imams existed in 2004. The king Ahmed was overthrown by local Arab nationalists with the support of the Nazer of Egypt, and Yemen proclaimed a republic. Since that time, the Zaydits lost considerable influence in the country, but did not give up hope for the revival of the Imamate. in the north of Yemen, uprisings organized by local Shiites, the Zeidites, flared up. uprising against the Yemeni government.On the name of the spiritual leader, the rebels and nicknamed “Hussites.” Although Hussein al-Husi himself was soon killed, the uprising continued and under the control of the Hussites there were vast territories of Yemen. In 1956, the Hussits took part in the overthrow of the Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh, but the new Yemeni authorities did not suit them either, as a result of which the Hussites continued their armed struggle again.
At the beginning of 2015, the Hussites seized the capital of Yemen, Sanha, and announced the creation of a Revolutionary Council, whose president elected Muhammad Ali al-Husi. Saudi Arabia and its allies, the “oil monarchies” of the Persian Gulf, are blaming Lebanon Hezbollah, Syria and, of course, Iran for supporting the Hussites. At the request of Yemeni President Mansour Hadi, overthrown by the Hussites, Saudi Arabia in March 2015 announced the start of an armed operation against the Hussites. So the kingdom was embroiled in an armed confrontation, which became religious. On the side of Saudi Arabia were its main allies in the Arab world - Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates. Also the side of Saudi Arabia was taken by countries with a predominantly Arab-Sunni population - Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Sudan. In turn, the Hussites supported Iran. Apparently, initially the Saudis and their allies hoped to quickly suppress the resistance of the poorly trained and poorly armed Hussite troops and restore the power of the controlled regime of Abd Rabbo Mansur Hadi in Yemen.



However, air strikes did not lead to the fall of the Hussites, after which Saudi Arabia and its allies were forced to proceed with the land operation. But even here, despite the superiority of the Saudi coalition in armament, technical equipment and professionalism of military personnel, the Yemeni Hussis managed not only to adequately protect the areas they controlled, but also to transfer military operations to Saudi Arabia. The fact is that the borders between Yemen and Saudi Arabia, passing through the desert, are in fact “transparent” and representatives of the same Arab tribes that inhabit neighboring areas of Yemen live in the border areas of Saudi Arabia. Therefore, the Hussites have a very fertile ground for transferring the conflict to the territory of Saudi Arabia. It should also be borne in mind that a significant part of the personnel of the armed forces of Saudi Arabia are Yemeni Arabs, who do not seek to fight against fellow countrymen. Some units, staffed by Yemenis, even left the battlefield, refusing to enter into a confrontation with the Hussites. In early September, 2015 attacked the attacks of armored units of the UAE army, and a high-ranking military from the United Arab Emirates army was killed as a result of the missile attack. Failures in Yemen forced the command of the armies of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, which bore the bulk of the fight against Hussites, to request assistance from Qatar and Kuwait, which in September 2015 also announced a significant strengthening of their military contingents in Yemen and sending to the Yemeni front »Weapons and ammunition.

The conflict in Yemen has affected military-political stability and Saudi Arabia itself. The kingdom, as is known, includes the province of Najran, located in the south-west of the country and bordering Yemen. The Banu-yam tribe lived here for a long time, which the Saudi kings did not succeed in conquering even after the province of Najran was rejected by the Saudis from Yemen in 1931. Therefore, Saudi Arabia invited the Banu-Yam tribe to lay down their arms in exchange for guarantees of certain rights and freedoms. So in the composition of Saudi Arabia was a semi-autonomous region, living in fact by its own rules. However, the residents of Najran themselves are convinced that the Saudi leadership does not comply with the terms of the treaty eighty-five years ago and discriminates against the indigenous people of the province. In 2000, an armed uprising against the Saudi monarchy broke out here. Although the uprising was suppressed by Saudi troops, the Banu-Yam tribe harbored a grudge and declared itself at the first opportunity. In 2015, after the start of Saudi Arabia and the allies of the military operation in Yemen, the separatists of Nejran entered the fighting on the side of the Huthis - against the Saudi government forces. The rebels from the organization "Ahrar En-Najran" captured the military base of Saudi Arabia El Mashalin. The rebels also appealed to the command of the Houthit armed forces with a request for assistance in training their own military personnel with knowledge of the operation of weapons and military equipment.
The actions of the Hussites in Yemen detract from the considerable power potential of both Saudi Arabia and the countries of the Persian Gulf, as well as radical Islamist organizations whose militants are fighting against the Hussite militia. In the event of the defeat of the Hussites and the pacification of Yemen, the Al-Qaida and other Salafi militants will move to Syria and Iraq, becoming an additional reinforcement to the Islamic State operating in Mesopotamia. Therefore, while the Hussites are fighting in Yemen against Saudi Arabia, both Iran and Syria win. It is not by chance that the Saudis accuse Bashar Assad of supporting the Hussite uprising. It is likely that without the Hussite uprising, Saudi Arabia and the Allies would have participated in the Syrian civil war far more extensively, but at the moment they are bound by the “Yemeni problem”, especially since the war may spread from the territory of Yemen to Saudi Arabia, and only to remote border areas, but also throughout the country as a whole, becoming the expression of the long-standing contradictions of the rich Sunni regions and the poor, but oil-rich, eastern provinces inhabited by Shiites. Yemeni Hussites will find in Saudi Arabia active supporters in the face of Saudi Shiites, who negatively assess the rule of the Saudi dynasty and its behavior towards the country's religious minorities. In fact, the intensification of Hussites in Yemen led to the fact that Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates found themselves in the “schini ring”. From the northeast, across the bay, is Shiite Iran, in the southwest Yemenite Hussites fight, in the northwest Lebanon’s Hezbollah, plus Shiites live in each of these states, which can also be used by Iran in case of open confrontation with the Saudis.

The failures of Saudi Arabia in Yemen revealed all the weaknesses of the military machine of Riyadh. Saudi Arabia’s financial well-being, which allows it to acquire the latest weapons and military equipment, does not mean that well-armed and equipped Saudi units are highly combat-capable. First, we must not forget that the Saudi army is recruited by recruiting mercenaries for military service. For a long time foreign mercenaries served in the Saudi army in general, because Saudi Arabs did not want to go to military service - the standard of living in the country and so allowed them to exist comfortably without being associated with military service deprivation. As a result, a significant part of the Saudi army consisted of mercenaries from neighboring Yemen - Yemeni Arabs, distinguished by militancy and courage. But, as shown in the hostilities launched in Yemen, Saudi Arabia was unable to rely on Yemen’s mercenaries. There are cases when the soldiers refused to fight against their fellow tribesmen and left the guards and bases guarded by them. Secondly, the high level of welfare of the Saudi population in recent decades has changed the very attitude of the inhabitants of the kingdom to death, to human losses. The soldiers of the Saudi army are not ready to give their lives, even for very good money, which distinguishes them from the radical Shiites, who are fighting not for money, but for the idea and their own, quite tangible, vital interests. Finally, the Saudi army, being recruited according to the principle of hiring, is actually deprived of a full-fledged mobilization reserve. And it is unlikely that Saudi youth, especially from the regions of the country that are in conflict with Riyadh, will be eager to be called up for military service and risk their lives in Yemen or, especially, in Syria. The defeats that the Saudi army bears in Yemen clearly demonstrate the real, and not the declared, level of its combat capability.



Guards of the Islamic revolution and Hezbollah save Syria?

The potential of the armed forces of Iran is not comparable with Saudi Arabia. Despite the fact that Saudi Arabia finances its armed forces at the highest level and spends billions of dollars from oil sales for their maintenance, Iran, a significant part of which is outdated and inferior to Saudi weapons in its characteristics, takes on a number of armed forces and ideological motivation soldiers and officers, and, most importantly, an effectively functioning mobilization reserve system. The armed forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran, as is known, consist of two key components - they are the armed forces proper, including ground forces, the Air Force and Navy, and the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, which also includes ground forces, the Air Force and the Navy. At one time, Ayatollah Montazeri defined the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps as "the brainchild of the Islamic popular revolution and is the only one of its kind with broad religious, political and military powers." The supreme commander of the Corps is considered the “rahbar” - the head of the Iranian state, Ayatollah Khamenei. The immediate command of the corps is the commander-in-chief (since 2007, this post is occupied by Major General Mohammad-Ali Jafari, who previously commanded the land forces of the IRGC). In contrast to the "conventional" armed forces, the financing of the IRGC and its supply with weapons, ammunition, uniforms is carried out at a higher level, because to a certain extent it is the IRGC that is the "face" of the Iranian Islamic revolution in the Middle East and the embodiment of Iranian military power.

It is the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, recruited from among volunteers, that performs important government tasks to support Shiite armed formations in Yemen, Lebanon, and Syria. The Basij-i Mostozafin (Mobilization of the Oppressed) militia is under the control of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC). The national militia includes several hundred battalions, totaling 300 thousand. In the militia are men aged from 12 to 60 years. In the event of the outbreak of hostilities, the militia will be the first echelon of the mobilization reserve of the Iranian armed forces. According to the mobilization plans of the Iranian leadership, in time of war, the country will be able to put under the gun more than 20 million people. That is, in fact, it has the largest mobilization reserve in the Middle East and Saudi Arabia, in the event of a direct clash with Iran, according to many experts, will suffer an inevitable military defeat - even with good armament, financing and logistics. It should also be noted that the fighters of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps undergo a “battle run-in”, participating in armed conflicts in the Middle East - in Yemen and Syria. The Iranian presence in Syria is carried out with the help of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.



However, Iran has another “interest guide” in Syria - the Lebanese Hezbollah, which experts assess as one of the most organized, disciplined and effective military-political forces in the Middle East. Today, Hezbollah is actively manifesting itself in Syria, standing up for the government of Bashar al-Assad. Meanwhile, two decades ago, Hezbollah, operating in Lebanon, relied on financial and material and technical assistance from Hafez al-Assad, who then headed the Syrian Arab Republic. Now Hezbollah militants are responding with help and assistance to the son of the late Hafez Bashar in the fight against radical Sunni groups.
The creation of the Hezbollah movement itself was the direct result of the intensification of pro-Iranian forces in the Arab world, namely in Lebanon. In 1982, with the help of advisers from the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, an organization called Hezbollah, that is, the Party of Allah, was formed in Lebanon. It set itself the goal of completely eliminating all the remnants of the colonial past in Lebanon and turning the country into an Islamic republic like Iran. Gradually, relying on Iranian support, Hezbollah has become one of the most active anti-American and anti-Israeli armed organizations in the Middle East. According to the UN Security Council resolution, in May 2000, after the withdrawal of Israeli troops from the territory of Southern Lebanon, Lebanese regular army units were supposed to enter there, but the Lebanese government actually placed the southern areas of the country under the administration of Hezbollah. Along the Lebanese-Israeli border, powerful border fortifications were created, platforms for the installation of multiple launch rocket systems were equipped. In fact, Hezbollah is a small and well-armed army, staffed by ideologically motivated fighters. Israeli security services in 2004 determined the number of Hezbollah in about 4 thousand regular fighters and about 5 thousand reservists. Regular units are summarized in 10 motorized and 6 infantry battalions, approximately 200-250 fighters in each. Throughout its existence, Hezbollah was used to defend Iranian interests in Lebanon and beyond, and in 2011, due to the outbreak of hostilities in Syria, Hezbollah expressed support for the government of Bashar al-Assad and began to participate in military operations on the side of the Syrian government troops. At the same time, Hezbollah stepped up support for the Shiite opposition in Bahrain, which led the king of Bahrain to take a decision to ban Hezbollah in 2013.

On the territory of Syria, Hezbollah appeared in the spring of 2012, when a small detachment of militants of the organization was transferred to Syria Zeinab in Damascus to protect the Shiite cult site. However, by the summer of 2012 More and more numerous reinforcements in the face of the Hezbollah militants began to arrive in Syria. It is known that the organization almost independently planned and carried out an operation to liberate the city of Al-Qusaur, which was in the hands of religious extremists. During the liberation of the city, at least 200 fighters of Hezbollah were wounded and injured, and the total number of members of the organization who took part in the storming of the city was about 1000 people. Further involvement of Hezbollah in the Syrian conflict was provoked by the Salafis themselves. After August 17 2013 in the Shiite district of the Lebanese capital of Beirut, an explosion thundered, the victims of which were 27 dead and injured 300, the radical Sunni organization that claimed responsibility for this was a warning to all Hezbollah members and Lebanese Shiites fighting in Syria on Bashar al-Assad’s side. After that, the leader of Hezbollah, Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah, said that he was personally ready to go to war in Syria. Naturally, after such a statement, the number of Hezbollah fighters fighting in Syria began to grow. The organization took control of large areas, focusing primarily on the defense of the towns and villages inhabited by Shiites north of Aleppo and in the south of Syria - in the province of Daraa. Hezbollah units were also stationed in the eastern districts of Damascus, in the cities of Idlib and Hama. Hezbollah units, together with Syrian government forces, participated in the liberation of the city of Homs and the destruction of the opposition fighters defending it. In November, the 2013 Hezbollah took part in hostilities on the Syrian-Lebanese border, with the aim of destroying the rear bases of the militants of the opposition and blocking the channels of aid through Lebanese territory. Up until the end of April 2014 units of Hezbollah fought against militants of opposition groups on the Lebanese border, until they achieved a final victory over the enemy and control over border areas. Currently, Hezbollah fighters continue to defend a number of Shiite settlements, including those surrounded by Islamic State militants. Naturally, such an active participation of the organization in hostilities is reflected in the losses of its personnel, including, including, the top leaders of Hezbollah. So, back in September 2012. in Homs, Ali Hussein Nassef (aka Abu Abbas), who commanded all Hezbollah units in Syria, was killed in Homs. In January, the 2015 Jihad Mugniyah, the eldest son of the well-known former chief of intelligence and counterintelligence of Hezbollah Imad Mugnii, was killed in the bombing of Israeli aviation. Mohammed Isa, who was responsible for Hezbollah’s activities in Syria and Iraq, also died. According to the media in Lebanon, since the war in Syria has passed, the fighting killed from 900 to 1800 Hezbollah fighters.

Of course, Hezbollah is pursuing its goals in Syria, namely, expanding the organization’s area of ​​activity by joining the Syrian Golan Heights to South Lebanon, which is controlled by Hezbollah. It turns out that the whole band of the old colonial Levant is under the control of the allied forces - these are the regions inhabited by the Alawite in the region of Latakia and Tartus, southern Lebanon, the Syrian Golan Heights. Hezbollah is fighting stubbornly against the Sunni organization Jabhat al-Nusra, which also has a certain influence on the Syrian Golan Heights. The ousting of militants of Sunni organizations from the Golan Heights is one of Hezbollah’s priorities. The organization also explains its actions by the need to protect the controlled territory from a possible Israeli attack, which is accused by Hezbollah leaders of invading plans for Lebanese and Syrian territories.

Thus, we see that Iran and the Lebanese Shiite party Hezbollah that it patronizes actively participates in the armed conflict in Syria on the side of the government troops of President Bashar al-Assad and make a tangible contribution to the victory over the Islamic State and other similar organizations. However, it’s still premature to talk about Iran’s full-scale entry into the war against the Islamic State and the Syrian “opposition”. It is unlikely that Iran, which has its own interests both on a regional and global scale, will in the foreseeable future fully enter into conflict and use its regular armed forces in Syria, with the exception of individual units of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. At the same time, a change in the military-political situation in Mesopotamia and the Arabian Peninsula can lead to the most unexpected consequences. For example, the defeat of the Hussites in Yemen can lead to the transfer of radical militants to Syria and Iraq, as well as to the “liberation” of a significant part of the Saudi army, which can also take part in the events in Syria - only on the side of the anti-Assad opposition.

The organizations Al-Qaida and the Islamic State mentioned in the material are included in the Unified Federal List of organizations recognized as terrorist in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Their activity on the territory of the Russian Federation is prohibited.
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  1. Ajent cho 15 October 2015 05: 49 New
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    On the issue of the "brothers" -Chinese ... Yes, it is clear that Iran is in close proximity and it has no choice. I even admit some kind of general strategy, such as China’s entry into the struggle at a certain stage. But, as they say, the sediment remained ...
    1. Yak28 15 October 2015 06: 39 New
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      China will not go anywhere, it can support only with words, and then carefully with an eye to the west. Like you and me, but do not count on a second front.
    2. beitar 15 October 2015 07: 37 New
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      There are no "good" and "bad" terrorists. Iran and Hezbollah set out to export the Shiite revolution throughout the world, including Russia. Let's not forget that it was Hezbollah who abducted and killed a Soviet diplomat in Beirut in the first half of the 80s. Hezbollah and Iran officially admire German fascism. In Hezbollah it is customary to zig. . Hezbollah are the same terrorists as ISIS. When they fight each other, I sincerely wish success to both sides.
      1. paxil 15 October 2015 08: 47 New
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        Quote: beitar
        Hezbollah and Iran officially admire German fascism. In Hezbollah it is customary to zig. . Hezbollah are the same terrorists as ISIS. When they fight each other, I sincerely wish success to both sides.

        Yes, they are still children in comparison with Zionist Israel and its patron Thanom terrorist No. 1. And do not talk here about fascism; better tell me how much blood of peaceful Palestinians in the hands of Israel? And let’s keep silent about your masters who bring democracy around the world destroying millions of people.
        1. Hello 15 October 2015 08: 52 New
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          Quote: paxil
          Quote: beitar
          Hezbollah and Iran officially admire German fascism. In Hezbollah it is customary to zig. . Hezbollah are the same terrorists as ISIS. When they fight each other, I sincerely wish success to both sides.

          Yes, they are still children in comparison with Zionist Israel and its patron Thanom terrorist No. 1. And do not talk here about fascism; better tell me how much blood of peaceful Palestinians in the hands of Israel? And let’s keep silent about your masters who bring democracy around the world destroying millions of people.

          And how much blood of unhappy Palestinians is on our bloody hands? If you have claims to America, expose them to them and not to us, we don’t bring anything to anyone. wassat
          1. Xergey 15 October 2015 09: 54 New
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            Hello You, as always, are not chapels, wise and there is no blood on your hands, make sheep out of yourself, your behavior confirms that you oppress Palestine, even the Americans admitted it.
            1. Hello 15 October 2015 09: 59 New
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              Quote: KSergey
              Hello You, as always, are not chapels, wise and there is no blood on your hands, make sheep out of yourself, your behavior confirms that you oppress Palestine, even the Americans admitted it.

              Oh, let’s do it without unnecessary epithets, so how many unfortunate Palestinians are tortured by a vicious Zionist entity? Are you selective about what Americans have recognized? By the way, they often accused you of oppressing Chechnya, what is the truth?
          2. Otshelnik 15 October 2015 16: 29 New
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            When your igil returns to his home in Israel, I think you won’t be laughing .. and I’m also thinking of 2 teeth and a tongue, but you won’t have any crooked eyes either ...
            1. Hello 15 October 2015 16: 42 New
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              Quote: Otshelnik
              When your igil returns to his home in Israel, I think you won’t be laughing .. and I’m also thinking of 2 teeth and a tongue, but you won’t have any crooked eyes either ...

              Learn to write the name of countries with a capital letter.
        2. Slobber 15 October 2015 09: 57 New
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          Zionist Israel

          Why not Hasidic? Israel is not alone among the Zionists, although there is no arguing here, the Zionists laid the foundations.
          better tell me how much blood of peaceful Palestinians on the hands of Israel

          Oh, and how much blood of the poor Taliban is in the hands of Russian soldiers.
          1. Hello 15 October 2015 11: 46 New
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            Do you also shoot at the peaceful Taliban? And what to do with you oppressors bully
          2. Otshelnik 15 October 2015 16: 34 New
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            unfortunate who ????? Taliban ?????? complete pipes !! Jews consider Wahhabis unhappy)))) sorry, sometimes I forget that all these satanists are your offspring !!!
            1. Hello 15 October 2015 16: 43 New
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              Quote: Otshelnik
              unfortunate who ????? Taliban ?????? complete pipes !! Jews consider Wahhabis unhappy)))) sorry, sometimes I forget that all these satanists are your offspring !!!

              This was sarcasm didn’t you notice, be careful wink
      2. avt
        avt 15 October 2015 09: 31 New
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        Quote: beitar
        . Iran and Hezbollah set out to export the Shiite revolution throughout the world, including Russia. Let's not forget that it was Hezbollah who abducted and killed a Soviet diplomat in Beirut in the first half of the 80s. Hezbollah and Iran officially admire German fascism. In Hezbollah it is customary to zig. .

        Then again, I have a question that I already asked yesterday - What idiot could not have guessed that if you stir up in Suria as they muddied, then why would there be no IRGC and the same Hesbola? Was it really hard to guess that during this civil war, the Iranian REGULAR units would practically come into contact with the Israeli? Or is the presence of a multitude of Islamic Islamist hesbolas gnawing among themselves, united by hatred of Israel, much healthier than a centralized, sane, secular state with an army an order of magnitude weaker than the Israeli?
        1. Hello 15 October 2015 09: 48 New
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          I’ll answer you just like yesterday and before the conflict in Syria, Iran had a powerful influence there, so nothing has changed by and large.
          1. avt
            avt 15 October 2015 10: 17 New
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            Quote: Hello
            I will answer you just like yesterday and before the conflict in Syria, Iran had a powerful influence there.

            Oh yeah! ??? That is, to have influence and the presence of REGULAR units is the same thing? laughing Powerfully pushed back however. laughing Yes
            Quote: Hello
            so nothing has changed by and large.

            That is, there was Hesbollah, a couple of thousands of Iranian servicemen arrived, who practically came into contact with the IDF on the ground and didn’t change anything ??? wassat Anyway .
            1. Hello 15 October 2015 11: 50 New
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              And how many of those regular connections? There are advisers as they used to be Hezbollah too.
              1. avt
                avt 15 October 2015 12: 57 New
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                Quote: Hello
                And how many of those regular connections?

                It’s a dashing trouble. Do you really seriously believe that everything will quickly resolve there and they’ll clean up in Iran? ,, Shiitska "the pro-Iranian arc with this turbidity in Suria acquired the features of a completely completed project with a small interspersing of Russia on the coast.
                Quote: Hello
                There are advisers as they used to be Hezbollah too.

                Yes, they were, but what would Assad have as an Iranian chief military adviser! Yes, instead of him, the rider of the IRGC came! Well, if everything is fine - you live there. Finally, I will say what I said when I registered on the site and the campaign is slowly but surely being executed, and with regard to the Saudis, the USA transferred Israel to the category of “suitcase without a handle” and, in principle, are quite ready to empty it as evidenced by the words of the Nobel Peace Prize laureate -Huseynovich that it would be nice for Israel to voluntarily return to the borders of 68 years, this dregs and the approach of the Iranians to Israel, knowing the reverent attitude of Jews towards them, fits quite well into this alignment. you still have. The Kurdish muti campaign that USA is launching will be Turkey's first.
                1. Hello 15 October 2015 16: 50 New
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                  Quote: avt
                  It’s a dashing trouble. Do you really seriously believe that everything will quickly resolve there and they’ll clean up in Iran? ,, Shiitska "the pro-Iranian arc with this turbidity in Suria acquired the features of a completely completed project with a small interspersing of Russia on the coast.

                  For me, if there hadn’t been a conflict in Syria, Iran would have done the same thing, that is, it would have brought its warriors to Syria and Lebanon with a quiet glanders.
                  Quote: avt
                  The campaign of muti with the Kurds, which the USA begins, will go to Turkey first.

                  Muti’s campaign with the Kurds will go to everyone, including Iran, given that the Kurds do not feel great love for either Turks or Persians, maybe we will be friends with them fruitfully wink
                  Quote: avt
                  USA transferred Israel to the category ,, suitcase without a handle "and, in principle, are quite ready to merge

                  I already wrote this, but I repeat Israel, as it is not strangely beneficial to all the major players, that is, if America suddenly decides to merge us (which is hard to believe), then happy China will immediately appear. By the way, the Chinese are very interested in Israel from the word very. fellow
                  1. avt
                    avt 15 October 2015 19: 18 New
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                    Quote: Hello
                    For me, if there hadn’t been a conflict in Syria, Iran would have done the same thing, that is, it would have brought its warriors to Syria and Lebanon with a quiet glanders.

                    no They first entered Syria as pilgrims to Shiite places. Only the Iraqi division during one of the wars was part of Surya, and even then the pope and the Iraqis had a “Baath Allied State
                    Quote: Hello
                    Muti with Kurds will go to everyone and Iran

                    It will go to, but not to Iran yet, they have completely sorted themselves out in Balochistan. And the Kurds have real fighters - the PKK and the structures wired with it, and they ALREADY wrinkle the Turks for the bombing in Suria, plus the Marxists, the Turks, the Borzanists in Iraq do not count - these are already obese under the Yankees umbrella. So Turkey is the first.
                    Quote: Hello
                    .By the way, the Chinese are very interested in Israel from the word very.

                    And I don’t argue the same, but add another word - like. These passengers, even you do not divorce. laughing And everywhere they drive in pegs where they can reach.
                    1. Hello 15 October 2015 22: 56 New
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                      Quote: avt
                      They first entered Syria as pilgrims to Shiite places. Only the Iraqi division during one of the wars was part of Surya, and even then the pope and the Iraqis had a “Baath Allied State

                      It’s not for me to tell you which allies were the two wings of the Ba'ath Party. wink like a cat and a dog about.
                      Quote: avt
                      It will go to, but not to Iran yet, they have completely sorted themselves out in Balochistan. And the Kurds have real fighters - the PKK and the structures wired with it, and they ALREADY wrinkle the Turks for the bombing in Suria, plus the Marxists, the Turks, the Borzanists in Iraq do not count - these are already obese under the Yankees umbrella. So Turkey is the first.

                      I understand that the Iraqi Kurds are a priori worse because they are supported by Israel and the United States, but still they are fighting no worse than their Syrian tribesmen.
                      Quote: avt
                      And I don’t argue the same, but add another word - like. These passengers, even you do not divorce. And everywhere they drive in pegs where they can reach.

                      The Chinese here are investing heavily in promising projects (mostly non-military).
      3. LEX SU 15 October 2015 13: 42 New
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        good and bad terrorists do not exist. you are right.
        such a division was invented by mattress covers.
        but here terrorism, elevated to the rank of the policy of national defense (Israel) gives cynicism to capital
      4. andj61 15 October 2015 14: 03 New
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        Quote: beitar
        There are no "good" and "bad" terrorists.

        I completely agree!.
        Quote: beitar
        Iran and Hezbollah set out to export the Shiite revolution throughout the world, including Russia.

        A very controversial statement: in reality, they are focusing their efforts in the Middle East.
        Quote: beitar
        Let's not forget that it was Hezbollah who abducted and killed a Soviet diplomat in Beirut in the first half of the 80s.

        There was a very muddy story. According to some reports, the people of Major Haddad from the army of South Lebanon, which was supported by Israel, also participated here.
      5. solovald 15 October 2015 14: 07 New
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        Everything and everything that will be of assistance to us in the fight against uses is our allies, so to speak, "the enemy of my enemy is my friend."
      6. user 15 October 2015 15: 28 New
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        There are no "good" and "bad" terrorists.


        I agree, but the terrorists do not appear from scratch. Suppose in your case (this applies to the state of Israel), the so-called terrorists are a product of the activities of the state of Israel, within their borders, against a population of non-Jewish nationality living in these very borders. They didn’t come from the Moon, they always lived there (unlike the millions of migrants who suddenly decided to return to their historical homeland, although they even can’t talk in Hebrew, but I don’t even stutter about faith, but in my heart they are real Jews).
      7. Otshelnik 15 October 2015 16: 25 New
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        I agree, how can I say that Israel, the United States and Geyevrope are good terrorists. By the way, when will you finally stop unarmed Palestinian children and women from killing? And again, we will be grateful if you put your igil there from where you pulled it out.
      8. The comment was deleted.
      9. Firstvanguard 15 October 2015 18: 48 New
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        Quote: beitar
        export of the Shiite revolution all over the world, including Russia

        Have a snack more thoroughly.
      10. Talgat 15 October 2015 19: 57 New
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        Quote: beitar
        Iran and Hezbollah set out to export the Shiite revolution throughout the world, including Russia


        Do not believe this typical example of Western propaganda!

        Here are the obscurantists of Saudi Arabia and Qatar, here are the real sponsors of the terrorists and the threat to the Sunnis of Kazakhstan, Russia and Central Asia. The Saudis profess an obscurantist primitive version of Islam - in fact, Wahhabists feed them up - they are outlawed everywhere with us

        And how many billions do they spend on terrorist acts and sabotage in Russia, in the Caucasus and in our SA?

        Iran, in contrast to them, is a friendly country and is now already an ally for both Russia and Central Asia. Especially warm relations have developed between Iran and our republic of Kazakhstan. In recent years, the leadership of the KZ and Iran have embarked on a real strategic partnership, a lot of things - and the commissioning of the railway, which Nazarbayev and Rouhani personally came to open together, and the announced plans for a fivefold increase in turnover, etc.

        All Iranian leaders, in all their speeches, not forgetting to clearly define the United States and the West as enemies, always emphasize that Russia and Kazakhstan are closest friends (from Ahmadinejad to Sajidi and Rouhani).

        For Kazakhstan, a strong friendly Iran closes the Caspian Sea from the south - God forbid what happens to the Iranians - it will not be entirely good for us, and even Russia will not be able to stop all the negative consequences

        Therefore, do not believe anti-Iranian propaganda - unlike medieval Saudis, by the way, Iran is a really democratic country - the president really wins the vote there - there are no attributes of obscurantism like in Saudi Arabia, etc., a normal country, normal people who do not want to bow to dictatorship USA and want to be friends with neighbors from the north
    3. marlin1203 15 October 2015 10: 02 New
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      The question is to achieve equilibrium in the Middle East. They will fight indirectly in Syria and Yemen, and they will not be able to calm down Iran and Saudi Arabia at the same time. There will be "neutral neutrality"
  2. Spas the Great 15 October 2015 08: 25 New
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    Thanks to the author for such a voluminous and elaborate material.
    The article is read in one breath - I learned a lot for myself, although I am generally familiar with the topic.
    In fact ... as they say: "the enemy of my enemy is my friend."
    We wish the Persians good spirits!
    But the Saudis, for the support of terror in the Caucasus in the 90s and 2000s still comes around ...
  3. voyaka uh 15 October 2015 09: 21 New
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    Thanks for the interesting informative article.

    Religious intra-Islamic Sunni Shiite war swept many countries
    Middle east. Any external player in this field, even against him
    wills and desires, enters the struggle either on one or the other side.
    1. avt
      avt 15 October 2015 09: 34 New
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      Quote: voyaka uh
      Religious intra-Islamic Sunni Shiite war swept many countries
      Middle east.

      laughing Nothing that it has not stopped already since the death of Mohamed, whom the Omeyads did not consider a prophet, but converted to Islam as the state religion and even the first to publish the Koran?
      1. Aslan88 15 October 2015 09: 51 New
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        Quote: avt
        Quote: voyaka uh
        Religious intra-Islamic Sunni Shiite war swept many countries
        Middle east.

        laughing Nothing that it has not stopped already since the death of Mohamed, whom the Omeyads did not consider a prophet, but converted to Islam as the state religion and even the first to publish the Koran?

        Can you tell me who the omeads are? As a Muslim, I hear about them for the first time.
        1. avt
          avt 15 October 2015 10: 31 New
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          Quote: Aslan88
          Can you tell me who the omeads are?

          Both on ! Actually, this is the dynasty of the rulers of the territory of present-day Surya - Antioch, the center of the origin of religions, where for the first time Joshua Ben Joseph was called the people of Christ in the presence of Peter and Saul / Paul, well, where the illumination in the form of suras descended on Muhammad. Again, the unified text of the Qur'an, Khalid Osman, collected from the students of Muhammad, who wrote behind him, edited not in chronological order, but in accordance with the principle of decreasing the length of the verses and wrote the verse itself. If it’s really interesting, look for Petrushevsky’s work “Islam in Iran.” A very sensible publication of a Soviet scientist respected in the Islamic world, at least earlier. You will find a lot of things both in the trends in Islam and Islamic secular law and why the then theologians refused recognize as a prophet in life.
          1. Aslan88 15 October 2015 10: 39 New
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            Quote: avt
            Quote: Aslan88
            Can you tell me who the omeads are?

            Both on ! Actually, this is the dynasty of the rulers of the territory of present-day Surya - Antioch, the center of the origin of religions, where for the first time Joshua Ben Joseph was called the people of Christ in the presence of Peter and Saul / Paul, well, where the illumination in the form of suras descended on Muhammad. Again, the single text of the Qur'an, Khalid Osman, collected from the students of Muhammad, who wrote down after him, edited not in chronological order, but in accordance with the principle of decreasing the length of the verses. If it’s really interesting, look for Petrushevsky’s work “Islam in Iran.” A very sensible publication of a Soviet scientist respected in the Islamic world, at least earlier. You will find a lot of things both in the trends in Islam and Islamic secular law and why the then theologians refused recognize as a prophet in life.

            I know my religion well. You wrote about omeyads. And this is the first time I hear about them. And the Quran as a book appeared for the first time in the reign of Usman (May Allah be pleased)
            1. avt
              avt 15 October 2015 10: 48 New
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              Quote: Aslan88
              . You wrote about omeyads

              About the Omeyad Dynasty
              Quote: Aslan88
              . And the Koran as a book appeared for the first time in the reign of Usman

              OSMAN (? -656), the third caliph (p. 644) in the Arab caliphate; from the Umayyad clan. One of the associates (although at first there was his opponent) and son-in-law of Muhammad. Under Osman, the caliphate expanded significantly. On behalf of Osman, the official edition of the Koran was compiled. He patronized the Meccan, mainly Umayyad, nobility. He was killed during the uprising that began against him in Medina. Any other questions? Or all the same, you first read the orientalist Petrushevsky, whom Islamic serious theologians respected at least for the meticulous collection and analysis of the hadiths of Muhammad. Learning is light, not learning - darkness and the path to blind fanatics, which actually concerns ANY of the preached religious teachings.
              1. Otshelnik 15 October 2015 20: 01 New
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                The Umayyads (Arabic. الأمويون) or Banu Umaya (Arabic. بنو أمية) is a caliphic dynasty founded by Muawiya in 661. The Umayyads of the Sufyanid and Marwanidic branches ruled in the Damascus Caliphate until the middle of the 750th century. In XNUMX, as a result of the rebellion of Abu Muslim, their dynasty was overthrown by the Abbasids, and all the Umayyads were destroyed, except for the grandson of the caliph Hisham Abd al-Rahman, who founded the dynasty in Spain (Kordov caliphate). The ancestor of the dynasty was Omaya ibn Abdshams son of Abdsams ibn Abdmanaf and a cousin of Abdulmuttalib. Abdshams and Hashim were twin brothers.
            2. andj61 15 October 2015 14: 10 New
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              Quote: Aslan88
              You wrote about omeyads. And this is the first time I hear about them.

              The Umayyads (Arabic. الأمويون) or Banu Umaya (Arabic. بنو أمية) is a caliphic dynasty founded by Muawiya in 661. The Umayyads of the Sufyanid and Marwanidic branches ruled in the Damascus Caliphate until the middle of the 750th century. In XNUMX, as a result of the rebellion of Abu Muslim, their dynasty was overthrown by the Abbasids, and all the Umayyads were destroyed, except for the grandson of the caliph Hisham Abd al-Rahman, who founded the dynasty in Spain (Kordov caliphate).
            3. Yeraz 15 October 2015 18: 50 New
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              Quote: Aslan88
              And the first time I hear about them

              Countryman, how can you not know about Omeyadov ??? You do not know the dog Muawiy, who went against Imam Ali (may Allah be pleased) This dog is of the same kind with the Ottoman.
              1. Otshelnik 15 October 2015 20: 06 New
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                Yes, he knows, just for him, Abubakr, lobster, Ottoman, Mu'awiyah, Yezid dear persons)
                1. Aslan88 15 October 2015 20: 35 New
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                  Yes, you're right countryman. For me, Abu Bakr. Omar, Osman, Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) The greatest people of Islam after Muhammad (Sallallahu Aleihi Vassallam). You call the munafig of Mu'awiyah and Osman (May Allah be pleased with him), you still shave yourself a very difficult word for yourself.
              2. Aslan88 15 October 2015 20: 28 New
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                Brother I swear to Allah I will not when I will not say anything bad about Osman and Mu'awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him). Ali and Mu'awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him) fought over the ubic of Osman (May Allah be pleased). But the truth was on the side of Ali (May Allah be pleased).
            4. Otshelnik 15 October 2015 19: 58 New
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              It is unlikely that Allah is pleased with him! By the way, if you are in the know, his companions slaughtered him.
        2. Otshelnik 15 October 2015 19: 54 New
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          Countryman, I’ll answer you) it’s Banya Umaay. Clan names. Didn’t you hear the names of Abu Sufyan, Mu'awiyah, Yezid? (Damn them all) Don't you know that the Wahhabis adore these creatures. These creatures converted to Islam for the sake of time began an open hostility against the clan of the prophet. We got to the point that they killed the 6-month-old grandson of the prophet.
    2. Otshelnik 15 October 2015 19: 42 New
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      That's right ... but who brought these Muslims to enmity? I think the answer is well known to everyone.
  4. Aslan88 15 October 2015 11: 02 New
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    Quote: avt
    Quote: Aslan88
    . You wrote about omeyads

    About the Omeyad Dynasty
    Quote: Aslan88
    . And the Koran as a book appeared for the first time in the reign of Usman

    OSMAN (? -656), the third caliph (p. 644) in the Arab caliphate; from the Umayyad clan. One of the associates (although at first there was his opponent) and son-in-law of Muhammad. Under Osman, the caliphate expanded significantly. On behalf of Osman, the official edition of the Koran was compiled. He patronized the Meccan, mainly Umayyad, nobility. He was killed during the uprising that began against him in Medina. Any other questions? Or all the same, you first read the orientalist Petrushevsky, whom Islamic serious theologians respected at least for the meticulous collection and analysis of the hadiths of Muhammad. Learning is light, not learning - darkness and the path to blind fanatics, which actually concerns ANY of the preached religious teachings.

    I know that. And I know that he is one of the first to accept Islam. You wrote that the Umayyads did not consider Muhammad (Sallallahu Aleihi Vassallam) a prophet. So I don’t understand where you got it from? Shiichi also think like you.
    1. avt
      avt 15 October 2015 11: 32 New
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      Quote: Aslan88
      You wrote that the Umayyads did not consider Muhammad (Sallallahu Aleihi Vassallam) a prophet.

      Yes, we wrote that during the lifetime of Muhammad the then theologians in Antioch, as well as the Christian ones there, only after the death of Omeyad, specifically Osman, accepted Islam as the state religion
      Quote: Aslan88
      ? Shiichi also think like you.

      Well, so what exactly in Petrushevsky’s work is clearly said. In general, Islam followed the path of internecine wars over people's minds exactly the same as the Christian church, which was divided into a bunch of options. Moreover, I don’t consider Islam a young religion - almost at the same time it was revealed to the World as Christianity was. Well, for some 600-700 years.
      Quote: Aslan88
      . And I know that he is one of the first to accept Islam.

      Well, this is decidedly impossible. laughing Osman could not be one of the first, well, like Peter, or there Andrei, who was among the disciples of Christ the First Called, since at first he was one of the fiercest opponents of Mohamed, contributed to his defeat at Mount Okhod in 625. Well, after marrying his daughter. ... already wrote earlier.
      1. Aslan88 15 October 2015 11: 38 New
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        Do you even understand what you wrote? What you wrote is a lie. Osman (may Allah be pleased) did not fight against him. You don’t know what about Islam. Show at least respect.
        1. avt
          avt 15 October 2015 11: 50 New
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          Quote: Aslan88
          Show at least respect.

          Here is the question - respect for Islam as a religion? Then yes . But to the ignorant ignorance of the one who considers himself from birth a connoisseur of not only Islam, but also the life path of the founders and preachers of the teaching - no. Before you demand anything or even argue, learn. Then we’ll talk, you will learn something more, naturally supported by documents, then we’ll talk and listen carefully. In the meantime, take the advice and read Petrushevsky.
          Quote: avt
          , whom Islamic serious theologians respected at least for the meticulous collection and analysis of Hadith of Muhammad. Teaching is light, not learning - darkness and the path to blind fanatics, which actually concerns ANY of the preached religious teachings.
          1. Aslan88 15 October 2015 12: 26 New
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            Again I say you wrote nonsense. And you take at least reading the history of Islam and the life of our prophet (Sallallahu Aleihi Vassallam) and you will see that you were very mistaken. What you wrote about Osman (may Allah be pleased) shows how much you know about Islam.
        2. beitar 15 October 2015 12: 32 New
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          Aslan, this is the case ... Not all Muslims are terrorists, but 95% are Muslim terrorists. And this is no coincidence. Unlike other Abrahamic religions, Islam oozes with hatred of the Gentiles. And this creates an ideological base and theoretical ground for terror. It’s true, it’s not always convenient, but it is so.
          1. Firstvanguard 15 October 2015 19: 07 New
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            Quote: beitar
            but 95% are Muslim terrorists.

            C'mon, I wouldn’t have thought that in the House of Peers, on Wall Street, the Pentagon-Fashionington and all kinds of brussels, there are Muslims alone, more than 90% belay
            Then it lit up next, because the Holy Inquisition was entirely from the faithful lol
          2. Otshelnik 15 October 2015 20: 15 New
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            Aslan, this is another matter, and so, almost all the threads from these so-called terrorists lead to the Mason Zionists.
  5. Belousov 15 October 2015 12: 49 New
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    Shiites at the moment are our allies, very competent and able to clearly identify and achieve their goals, even if not in all respects similar to ours. Such are much better than the "partners" who say one thing, think differently and with pleasure stick a knife in the back.
    1. beitar 15 October 2015 13: 06 New
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      So fascist Germany was once your ally, which clearly defined and achieved its goals. In addition, Germany looked favorably compared with the French and British. But this, as you know, for the time being. The same will happen with Shiites. History teaches that few people learn its lessons
      1. Hello 15 October 2015 13: 15 New
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        Quote: beitar
        So fascist Germany was once your ally, which clearly defined and achieved its goals. In addition, Germany looked favorably compared with the French and British. But this, as you know, for the time being. The same will happen with Shiites. History teaches that few people learn its lessons

        As for the allies, you got excited. There was a coincidence of interests, nothing more.
        1. beitar 15 October 2015 14: 07 New
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          When countries wage joint wars, divide the territory of Europe, render military assistance to each other, conduct joint exercises and military parades - this is called allies
          1. avt
            avt 15 October 2015 15: 33 New
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            Quote: beitar
            When countries wage joint wars

            But from this place in more detail - when was the USSR Waging a JOINT WAR with Germany and where? Partition of Poland? Taki Stalin introduced troops only after the Polish government simply fled the country and centralized resistance ceased, despite the telegrams that Hitler sent to Stalin with a proposal to begin to quickly occupy the zone of interests in accordance with the protocols and thereby de jure and fit in fact into the war.
            Quote: beitar
            , conduct joint exercises and military parades - this is called allies

            Are you talking about the episode when the Germans were asked to “leave Brest? Well, when did the comrade Krivosheev welcome the passage of units of the departing Germans and the Soviet who arrived? Was there such an ischo and teachings? Something I didn’t read in the memoirs of Krivoshein for the teachings, that’s what he told them I didn’t let them take it out - the cart was running, yes, well, if it’s a matter of counting the teachings laughing By the way, the Jew was Krivoshein; he also reached Berlin at the head of the tank corps. And then what will we do with it? wassat
          2. aquatic 15 October 2015 18: 35 New
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            in more detail about the "joint wars" and the "rendering of military assistance to each other" by the USSR and Nazi Germany. It seems to me either you are a liar or do not own the material at all.
            And as I understand it, without these two statements, your phrase about the alliance is simply pshyk.
  6. glavnykarapuz 15 October 2015 13: 31 New
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    It seems that this region "bombs and wicks" planted long ago. And now the "wick" is set on fire and quickly burns out.
    1. Rokossovsky 15 October 2015 13: 49 New
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      "bombs and wicks" planted long ago

      And they laid, as usual, our old English friends!
      Establishing the borders of states during the decolonization of the Middle East, according to one principle only known to them. In fact, these were the beginnings of controlled / uncontrolled chaos, in its current sense.
      Well, the cherry on the cake - Israel, as a "jumper" between the two parts of the Islamic world, preventing its unification.
  7. LEX SU 15 October 2015 13: 40 New
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    Thanks to the author for a very detailed excursion. Read carefully
  8. Mama_Cholli 15 October 2015 14: 21 New
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    It is well said that standing up for the interests of any player in the Middle East theater, he chooses one side.
    Please tell me, dear Jews, how, then, to oppose the IG and not take any side (Shiites / Sunites)?

    Can it still be argued on the principle of priority of hostility? Or have the igil already become peaceful lambs?
    Again trying to confuse flies with cutlets. The danger of IS for Israel itself is potentially much higher than the Shiite / Sunni clans currently present in the region.
    You need to think ahead, but the American doesn’t care, they believe that they will sit overseas
    1. Devildog85 15 October 2015 17: 47 New
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      I propose to speak for the IG
    2. Yak28 15 October 2015 18: 10 New
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      +1
      You can how Israel oppose ISIS and take the side of the United States, but in reality .....
      Personally, I think that Israel will benefit from the war in Syria and Iraq, and if ISIS reached Iran, then it would be beneficial for Israel. Since all these wars weaken, or are destroyed in the situation with Iraq and Libya, the states are hostile to Israel .If you recall how and on whose territory Israel appeared, it is not surprising that Palestinians and other peoples of the Middle East hate it. As a result, Israel and its US ally benefit from a mess in the region, so I do not exclude the direct connection of ISIS and Israel. Moreover, a friend of the United States pros in creating terrorist organizations
      1. padded jacket 15 October 2015 20: 20 New
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        Quote: Yak28
        Personally, I think that Israel benefits from the war in Syria and Iraq

        I think that Israel and the United States benefit from war and instability around the world, because “fishing in troubled waters” is so much easier, but for them the main thing is to cash in and conscience is an honor for mutual assistance - this is a completely unfamiliar concept for them. Here is a dollar or a shekel is another matter lol
  9. slaventi 16 October 2015 03: 40 New
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    The participation of the Israeli authorities in the creation of Hamas is a well-known fact. The motives are interesting: to contrast the then powerful pro-Marxist PLO with a religious organization controlled by MOSAD and the CIA? To slow down the creation of a Palestinian state and prevent the transfer of territories occupied as a result of anti-Israeli military conflicts. Or an annoying mistake? Or the creation of Hamas as opposed to Hesboll ???