"NKVD employees determined our destinies"

"NKVD employees determined our destinies"



During the Great Patriotic War and in the post-war years, the work of ex-prisoners of war and prisoners who were tested in special camps established in the structure of the Directorate of Prisoners of War and internees (UPVI) of the NKVD of the USSR was widely used at the restoration work. Since February, 1945-th such camps were called test-filtration. Repatriated civilians were also sent here. Despite the fact that the former prisoners of war were not convicted, they had a limited degree of freedom and worked forcibly1. How was the restoration of the destroyed city on the Volga organized by the special contingent?

"Special contingent sleeps on bare boards"

In the spring of 1943, at the end of the Battle of Stalingrad, a special camp N 0108 appeared on the territory of Stalingrad. The contingent of the camp was actively involved in the restoration of industrial enterprises of the city, the products of which the front needed. The main area of ​​the camp in which the 3000 people were located was located in the workers' village of the Stalingrad Tractor Plant (STZ), and the 1943 branch of the camp for 1500 people created in July was attached to the machine-building plant N 221 Barricades. The special contingent was used by the NKVD (NKVD) office in the Stalingrad region, at the Red October metallurgical plant, at the Stalingrad district power station 2. His work was led by special construction organizations. At the FCZ, such an organization was called a special construction and assembly part (OSMCH) N 14 ("Traktorostroy"), at the N 221 plant - AOMC N N 25, at the Red October plant - a specialized trust (special trust) N 1. In June, 1944, 600, special contingent personnel were transferred to housing3.

The labor of former prisoners of war was regulated by the order of the NKVD of the USSR of 6 on April 1943. Workers were to be used in accordance with their specialty, qualifications and physical condition, to work only as part of teams under the control of technical personnel. Frequent redistribution between sites was prohibited. Even the passage to the enterprise had to be made through separate gates - in order to exclude the possibility of communication with civilian 4.

However, the reality of 1943, did not allow to fulfill all the requirements. So, in the report of the chief of the special camp N 0108 engineer lieutenant colonel F.S. Yemelyanov for 2 of 1943 was indicated that the convoy provided only 500-600 people at the FCZ, and the rest, due to the lack of escorts, were taken to work only "under the supervision of company and platoon commanders". "The work is done on the 24 sites together with the workers of the tractor plant, which makes it extremely difficult to protect the special contingent" 5. The report for 1 quarter of 1944 noted: "The difficulty of protecting the special contingent lies in the fact that many workshops of the plant are simultaneously being restored and in operation. In many workshops, civilian workers work and live, therefore isolating the special contingent from the workers of the plant and OSMC workers N 14 is not possible "6.

A significant part of the special contingent did not own construction specialties and had no experience in the factories. Poor work organization, difficult living conditions, the suppressed psychological state of people whose freedom was limited, and correspondence was forbidden - all this affected productivity. Products were sometimes given less; there was a lack of clothes, the living quarters were not cleaned, there was no glazing in them. The dining room and the medical part of the 7 were in unsatisfactory condition. The report for 2 quarter of 1944 noted that “since the organization of the camp, the special contingent has been sleeping on bare plank beds, which leads to a deterioration in the physical condition of people and an increase in the incidence. The special contingent has not been provided with bedding, it is unsatisfactory, the outfit is shabby which has been subjected to repeated repairs and has come almost completely unsuitable for wearing "8. The high incidence in the camp, especially gastrointestinal diseases, was caused precisely by the poor conditions of 9.

In July, 1943 was taken from construction sites by 7, and in August, 8 shoots, 10. In order to prevent them and to increase labor productivity, political work was carried out in a special camp: conversations on various topics, a combat leaflet was issued, reading fiction, watching movies. In 1, 1944 was shown 24 motion pictures (“It protects the Motherland”, “Pig and the shepherd”, “Member of the government”, “Battle for Soviet Ukraine”, “Leningrad in the fight”, “Death of the Eagle”, “Suvorov "," Daughter of the Motherland "," Victory in the desert ") 11. Tried to hold socialist competition. Only in July 1943, "special contingents were declared 62 thanks, most of them for their conscientious attitude to work and exemplary military discipline in the camp" 12.


Fragment of the document, which indicates the extent of damage caused to the city and region by the German invaders. A photo:


"From now on, we must consider ourselves Stalingrad"


In August 1943, the average output in the camp was 116,9%, in December - 113%. In January, 1944. 1213 prisoners of war who worked on a FCZ performed the norm on 100-120%, 426 - on 125-150%, 134 - on 150% and more 13. However, in November 1944, there was a decrease in labor productivity, which was considered to be a consequence of a reduction in labor discipline, poor organization of work, and a lack of political education among the special contingent of 14.

In 1944, tested prisoners of war were transferred to the states of Stalingrad enterprises. However, UNKVD was in no hurry to part with them. In February 1945, the special camp N 0108 was disbanded, the remaining untested were concentrated in the camp department at the construction department of the economic department of the NKVD. The number of special contingents did not exceed 1200 people, and by the end of the year it was only 345 people 15. They worked as carpenters, porters, laborers at the Stalingrad Power Plant, a prosthetic plant, a FCZ, a confectionery factory N 4, in urban schools, at the Dynamo Stadium.

In 1944, the repatriation of Soviet citizens from abroad began. Formally, they were guaranteed the preservation of all the rights provided for by the USSR Constitution, they could independently choose their place of residence and work. However, in practice such persons were sent to the NKVD check-filtration points for inspection; officers who were in captivity and were suspicious - in the special camp of the NKVD; former prisoners of war of ordinary and non-commissioned officers of the ages to be demobilized were released to their homes, and former prisoners of war and civilians of the ages who should have served in the army were enlisted in the workers ’battalions of NKO 16. By a decree of the State Defense Committee on 18 in August 1945, the use of labor of Soviet citizens released from captivity at the enterprises of the coal and timber industry and ferrous metallurgy was legalized. Those who passed the state inspection were to be transferred to the states of the enterprises where they worked. They did not receive the right to choose places of residence and work.

By August, 1945 in the Stalingrad region turned out to be about 7000 repatriated. By order of the Stalingrad regional party committee of 29 in May 1945, all of them should be “sent to agricultural areas, explaining that this measure is due to economic expediency, as well as the lack of housing stock in the city” 17. Thus, "a large group of citizens who lived before the war in Stalingrad, after their liberation, was sent to Rudnyansky, Solodchensky, Gmelyinsky, Staropoltavsky and a number of other districts" of the Stalingrad region18.

The consent of the repatriates to the resettlement was not required. It was not required for sending it to the enterprises. The worker 85 of a separate working battalion complained to the Chairman of the USSR Supreme Council 28 on April 1946: "I lived in the Stavropol Territory ... In 1941, I was drafted into the army, where I was captured at the front. After being liberated ... we were called upon to After working there for 3 of the month, we received documents from the filtration department and sent them to the place of residence. Then we took the documents, transferred them to 85 ORB19 and sent us to work in the Stalingrad Residential Trust ... After the ORB was disbanded, the trust administration stated us that from now on we we must consider ourselves Stalingrad. We were given passports assigned to the trust by an early number ... I ask you to clarify whether we will be released at home in at least 1946 or should we work in Stalingrad? "20


Restoration work in Stalingrad began in February 1943 of the year - immediately after the end of the fighting, and lasted almost 10 years. A photo:

"For us, there was only dirty work"

By order of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR 22 on August 1945, repatriates were used to restore Stalingrad, by the end of the year there were about 25 000 people. These people were divided between building trust N 4 factory "Red October" (860 people), trusts General Directorate for the restoration of Stalingrad (Glavstalingradstroya) (12 000), OSMCH N 25 (2000), Building Trust N 4 (700), Traktorostroem (2000) , Spetsstroytrest N 1 (1000), Spetsstroyuvravleniyu N 1 (2100), STZ (2600), Red October Plant (800) and OSMCH N 3 (500) 21. They restored houses, central water supply, garages, schools, kindergartens, institutes, cinemas, a children's tuberculosis sanatorium and other objects of the 22. Worked as carpenters, bricklayers, carpenters, plasterers, laborers, tailors, and more often than not in the specialty23.

In post-war Stalingrad and the region, acceptable living conditions could not be ensured even with civilian 24, what can be said about repatriates. Only in 1946 the life of the workers began to improve, people gradually moved from the basements to the Finnish houses of 25. The repatriates were initially placed in unsuitable for winter premises, where there was not even minimal living conditions. Head of the construction department of the Stalingrad Regional Committee of the CPSU (b) K.A. Ukhanov stated: “Dormitories, dirt, cold, stale air were installed in hostels, 2 and 3 tiers of raw wood were installed, boards weren’t cleaned, no dormitories had bedding, among workers there was a lumpiness, no drinking water, barrels, buckets, basins, circles and washbasin hostel is not provided "xnumx. There was a shortage of food, there were no 26 medicines.

The difficult situation was aggravated by the forced isolation from families, by the cautious attitude of the population and the authorities. One of the former prisoners of the concentration camp wrote: “After what we had experienced, it seemed that our torment was over. It turns out — no. Our motherland accepted us as an evil stepmother. The NKVD officers determined our destinies, called us in for several interrogations, some people could not stand it and fainted. For us there was only dirty work "28. According to the memoirs of another repatriate, "the test passed with passion ... Our answers were accompanied by very offensive comments, there was a great distrust, and sometimes a direct accusation of treason of the Motherland. It was a terrible time. After such conversations, we didn’t want to live. We couldn’t protect anything yourself from such charges "xnumx. All this contributed to the growth of desertion from the 29 construction sites.

The authorities carried out ideological work among the repatriates. The local press published articles about the horrors of captivity; regional publishing houses published brochures on the exploits of Soviet citizens; group and individual conversations with repatriates were held; wall newspapers were produced. In 1947-1950 repatriates in Stalingrad and the region has become much smaller; they no longer constituted the bulk of the labor force. There have been changes in their status. Repatriated were transferred to the staffs of enterprises, received new professions, occupied more prestigious positions.

The maintenance of former prisoners of war and repatriated under regime conditions helped to ensure the national economy of the USSR with human resources. The authorities also subordinated their stay in Stalingrad and the Stalingrad Region to the main task of ensuring the earliest possible restoration of the region destroyed by the hardest war.

Notes
1. Behekhvost A.F. TO stories the creation of special and test-filtration camps for Soviet prisoners of war and the organization of the "state verification" in them // Military history research in the Volga region. Saratov, 2006. C. 256-280.
2. RGVA. F. 1 / n. Op. 1i. D. 4. L. 28-31; D. 6. L. 7; State Archive of the Volgograd Region (GAVO). F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 5. L. 105; D. 40. L. 40; D. 17. L. 48, 58.
3. Gavo. F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 8. L. 22.
4. Prisoners of war in the USSR. 1939-1956. Doc and mat. M., 2000. C. 566, 568; Gavo. F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 7. L. 43, 44, 45; D. 18. L. 49.
5. Gavo. F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 17. L. 3-4.
6. Ibid. L. 38.
7. Gavo. F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 9. L. 67-67 on; D. 16. L. 1, 7, 23; D. 17. L. 48; D. 38. L. 3, 62; D. 51. L. 49; D. 60. L. 61, 88.
8. Gavo. F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 17. L. 48
9. Gavo. F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 2. L. 27, 50, 55, 56; D. 17. L. 48.
10. Gavo. F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 16. L. 1, 7, 16, 23, 68, 86; D. 51. L. 2, 3, 4.
11. Gavo. F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 16. L. 2, 17, 44, 45, 71.
12. Ibid. L. 2.
13. Ibid. L. 9, 35, 45, 46.
14. Gavo. F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 60. L. 88-89.
15. Gavo. F. P-1128. Op. 1. D. 48. L. 42.
16. Zemskov V.N. On the issue of repatriation of Soviet citizens 1944-1951 years // History of the USSR. 1990. N 4. C. 30-31, 36.
17. Documentation center of the newest history of the Volgograd region (TsDNIV). F. 113. Op. 20. D. 6. L. 30.
18. Behekhvost A.F. The history of the repatriation of Soviet citizens: the difficulties of return (1944-1953). Saratov, 2008. C. 480.
19. Separate repair and restoration battalion.
20. Gavo. F. P-4768. Op. 2. D. 1. L. 2.
21. GARF. F. P-9526. Op. 1. D. 744. L. 499; TSDNIVO. F. 113. Op. 23. D. 233. L. 39; F. 120. Op. 3. D. 6. L. 5.
22. Gavo. F. P-4005. Op. 1. D. 2. L. 6; D. 5. L. 2, 7, 8, 17, 31, 32; D. 7. L. 26; Op. 2. D. 4. L. 6; F. P-2864. Op. 1. D. 30. L. 27.
23. TSDNIVO. F. 71. Op. 5. D. 10. L. 72; F. 113. Op. 20. D. 118. L. 20, 22; GARF. F. P-9526. Op. 1. D. 744. L. 263.
24. TSDNIVO. F. 113. Op. 23. D. 6. L. 30; Op. 23. D. 233. L. 49 on-50 on, 80-81.
25. Ibid. L. 39, 39 on, 60-61; F. 120. Op. 3. D. 6. L. 108 about.
26. TSDNIVO. F. 113. Op. 20. D. 164. L. 45.
27. Ibid. L. 49; Op. 23. D. 233. L. 39.
28. TSDNIVO. F. 149. Op. 2. D. 5. L. 6-7.
29. TSDNIVO. F. 149. Op. 2. D. 6. L. 3-7.
30. TSDNIVO. F. 113. Op. 23. D. 233. L. 3 on; F. 120. Op. 3. D. 6. L. 5; F. 1829. Op. 1. D. 75. L. 135 on; GARF. F. P-9526. Op. 1. D. 744. L. 263.
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  1. oracul 18 October 2015 08: 32 New
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    What the appearance of this article calls for is not clear. The country had to recover and quickly. There were all kinds of repatriates, you won’t be able to determine on the spot - who is a friend, who is a masked enemy, a coward, a deserter. And such people met often. And different people served in the NKVD, including those who were hardened by the death of their loved ones, and from meetings with identified enemies and their accomplices. There were no doubt come across rotten souls, but where without them. But such was the work and someone had to do it, no matter how bad it seemed to someone from the outside.
    Well, now let's get down to counting, and how many 27 million people were on the lists of those who died during the war were real cowards, traitors, traitors, deserters. That would be the height of idiocy. So you can get to the point that someone begins to consider the commander as a criminal, who shot a panicking soldier in battle, who fled from a position and thereby opened the way for the enemy, substituting him not only comrades, but also civilians, who then fell into occupation.
    And do not forget that the United States and Britain were preparing for war with the USSR.
    1. veteran66 18 October 2015 15: 06 New
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      Quote: oracul
      What the appearance of this article calls for is not clear.

      but to nothing, just one of the pages of bitter truth. The country needs this soviet approach, so plow like horses. If the country needed it, then it had to create the conditions for work. Damn, commies never spared people, neither their own nor others
      1. Comrade Bender 18 October 2015 15: 32 New
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        You would be in a company with Novodvorskaya, she would appreciate you.
        1. veteran66 19 October 2015 05: 17 New
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          Quote: Comrade Bender
          she would appreciate you.

          but I’m not interested in ratings, for the sake of pluses I’m not fooling ...
          1. oldkap22 19 October 2015 11: 39 New
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            probably for cookies !?
    2. Ze Kot 18 October 2015 16: 52 New
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      Quote: oracul
      What the appearance of this article calls for is not clear.



      Maybe to the rating of the author? Judging by some numbers, citations from various sources are collected in the article. In short, an abstract, without creative work.
  2. Vladimir-R 18 October 2015 09: 25 New
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    The States wouldn’t prepare for anything, but such an attitude towards people .., wasn’t close there. It was not the people who were to blame for the fact that the country suffered such a defeat .. and tens of millions found themselves in occupation .. For this, the leadership that failed to provide a worthy rebuff is responsible. Even from the army, after the Victory .., everyone who was surrounded and captured went to the filtration camps, to say nothing of the millions who were taken out to work in Germany by force. Having suffered there ..., in the homeland we got the same thing ... It is a pity that the one who justifies such an attitude to his people .. themselves didn’t take a shit to the fullest .. But God - each will have his own reward ..
    1. mikki1701 18 October 2015 11: 02 New
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      Just how was the attitude. The Japanese to the concentration camps. Negroes are not human. Indians are generally a mistake of nature. That’s the whole attitude.
      1. veteran66 18 October 2015 15: 08 New
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        mapping in the USSR: Germans to evict, Jews not to be allowed, and not to spare their own at all ... where better.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. alicante11 18 October 2015 11: 31 New
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      Even from the army, after the Victory .., all who were surrounded and captured, went to filtration camps.


      Evidence - in the studio.

      Having suffered there ..., in the homeland we got the same thing .. It is a pity that the one who justifies such an attitude towards his people .. themselves didn’t drank shit to the fullest ..


      It is a pity that those who do not "justify" did not live in those days.
      An article is a set of biased documents.
      After all, even the article itself says that the "civilian" did not live in the best conditions. In general, what conditions could be spoken about in the destruction of Stalingrad before its foundation? And so on in all the episodes.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. creak 18 October 2015 15: 10 New
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        Quote: alicante11

        ... everyone who was surrounded and captured, went to the filtration camps.
        Evidence - in the studio.


        "307 sorties" - in his memoirs, Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel General Reshetnikov writes, in particular, how already after the war the special forces "seized" pilots in his unit, who had already managed to fight after captivity ...
        Unfortunately, the war was not always the way we would like to see it ...
        I believe that a combat pilot who made 307 sorties on a long-range bomber and ended up serving as Commander of Long-Range Aviation knew what he wrote as a direct participant in the events of that time ...
        1. Comrade Bender 18 October 2015 15: 36 New
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          And I read dozens of memoirs of no less heroic participants, where this is refuted. And which of them is right?
          1. Reklastik 18 October 2015 16: 20 New
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            Please name the first ten of what you read on this topic))))
            1. Comrade Bender 18 October 2015 22: 02 New
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              Is the memory of the pilot Devyatayev enough for you, or are you unfamiliar with this?
              1. veteran66 19 October 2015 05: 20 New
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                Quote: Comrade Bender
                Memoirs of the pilot Devyatayev

                The pilot Devyatayev, as well as his escape comrades in the camps, were driven away and Korolev pulled him out of there.
        2. alicante11 19 October 2015 04: 56 New
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          "307 sorties" - in his memoirs, Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel General Reshetnikov writes, in particular, how already after the war the special forces "seized" pilots in his unit, who had already managed to fight after captivity ...


          You can write anything you want, indicate the order, the order on the basis of which it was made. Those. AFTER service in the troops, people were sent to filtration camps.
      3. veteran66 18 October 2015 15: 10 New
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        Quote: alicante11
        the article itself says that the "civilian" did not live in the best conditions.

        and what does that justify? Once again, it shows the attitude of this state towards its citizens. It is as if it is not clear that civilian employees are the same special contingent, only they have been decontrolled. Voluntary forced labor ... When the state needs something from you, it calls itself the Motherland !!
        1. Comrade Bender 18 October 2015 15: 38 New
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          No need to lie. Do you know how much captive Germans received, subject to voluntary consent to work? Look and find. And even during the war, as well as after it. And yours got no less.
          1. veteran66 19 October 2015 05: 13 New
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            Quote: Comrade Bender
            And yours got no less.

            How much did they get written in the article and what does the Germans have to do with it?
        2. Pissarro 18 October 2015 16: 16 New
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          I would like to listen to you, who during the years of the most difficult war in the city wiped out by the Nazis should create conditions for civilian and prisoners of war besides the civilian and prisoners of war themselves? How else should the state have treated them? The state had to organize the work and it organized
          1. veteran66 19 October 2015 05: 15 New
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            Quote: Pissarro
            The state had to organize the work and it organized

            here it’s fucking organized, as always, on the bones.
        3. fennekRUS 18 October 2015 18: 27 New
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          Quote: veteran66

          and what does that justify? Once again shows the attitude of this state to its citizens

          So is this evil Stalin a city named after he smashed into rubble? Specifically, to create worse conditions for “your own"? But I, the dark one, sinned against Paulus. Thank you for opening your eyes.
          1. veteran66 19 October 2015 05: 14 New
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            Quote: fennekRUS
            So is this evil Stalin a city named after he smashed into rubble?

            This is not about who smashed the city into rubble, but about those who restored it.
            1. fennekRUS 19 October 2015 06: 42 New
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              Quote: veteran66
              This is not about who smashed the city into rubble, but about those who restored it.

              So explain how to create a warm office, with the Internet and a cooler in a completely ruined city? The word infrastructure - have you heard? And where are the resources to get to the warm huts if the German is still around the corner?
        4. oldkap22 19 October 2015 11: 43 New
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          And what is "MOTHERLAND" for YOU?
      4. Pissarro 18 October 2015 16: 19 New
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        it’s not unusual for a security officer to check a prisoner of war. In our time, nothing has changed. An innocent person left the filtration camp a month after the check
  3. parusnik 18 October 2015 09: 44 New
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    Since February 1945, such camps have been called test-filtration camps...My paternal grandfather was in such a camp, sent to exile for three years in Poti, was supervised, worked in a shoe artel .. Family, after the deadline he wanted to transport from Siberia .. the family did not want to ..
  4. creak 18 October 2015 10: 25 New
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    Even in the beginning of the 80s there was still a questionnaire in the questionnaire: "Were you or your close relatives captured, in occupied territory or interned during the Second World War." 40 years after the end of the war ...
    1. moskowit 18 October 2015 11: 06 New
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      Absolutely right. I filled out this form when submitting documents to the Ulyanovsk Guards Tank in 1970.
      1. creak 18 October 2015 11: 16 New
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        Quote: moskowit
        I filled out this form when submitting documents to the Ulyanovsk Guards Tank in 1970.


        Yes, and I know this, too, not from other people's words - I had to fill in during the service ...
    2. Comrade Bender 18 October 2015 15: 40 New
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      And what do you think it says? About the bestial attitude towards citizens? Contrast this with McCarthyism.
      1. creak 18 October 2015 17: 10 New
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        Quote: Comrade Bender
        Contrast this with McCarthyism.


        I can not compare with McCarthyism, because I lived in the USSR, and not in the USA. But I know well how things were in this regard, and how many problems people had because of some personal data.
        PSA with America, your comparison is unsuccessful - they did not keep their prisoners in filtration camps, by the way, there was no such practice in the Russian Army until 1917.
        1. Uncle Joe 18 October 2015 18: 23 New
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          Quote: ranger
          PSA with America, your comparison is unsuccessful - they did not keep their prisoners in filtration camps
          So, those prisoners were neither held captive by the socialist state, nor in the territories occupied by the socialist state (which did not stop starting from the 47th year on starting a hunt for opponents of capitalism).

          there was no such practice in the Russian Army until 1917.
          So there was no confrontation between capitalism and socialism until the 17th year.
        2. Comrade Bender 18 October 2015 22: 10 New
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          But they kept Japanese and Germans of American descent in the camps, and these were their citizens, and it was worse than the filtration camps.
          I have not met anyone, with problems in the questionnaire points, although I myself filled out similar ones (maybe I was not lucky?).
          There were no such problems in the Russian army, because such a number of prisoners were not released during the hostilities and were not recruited by the enemy on such a scale. Look at the tables (they are easy to find) how many went through the filter camps, how many were freed, how many were sent for further investigation, etc. and everything will be clear.
          And the article is clearly with a liberal connotation.
        3. oldkap22 19 October 2015 11: 49 New
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          Therefore, the Russian army fell apart in 1917 deserters and alarmists destroyed the whole rear ...
  5. kvs207 18 October 2015 11: 22 New
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    Quote: Vladimir-R
    For this is the responsibility of the leadership, who failed to provide a fitting rebuff

    I wonder how such a leadership was able to restore the country in a fairly short time. The same Stalingrad, built without a plan and leadership, or what?
    1. veteran66 18 October 2015 15: 12 New
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      Quote: kvs207
      I wonder how such a leadership was able to restore the country in a fairly short time.

      but just like that, not sparing people
  6. Fotoceva62 18 October 2015 12: 23 New
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    About the questionnaire. Itself filled this and more than once, and by common sense I see nothing bad in collecting such information.
    I had relatives under the occupation and this did not cause me any trouble. I got education where I wanted, even two. To have a “00” clearance in terms of course, it didn’t stop me from being abroad.
    Or do you think the Amers and NATO are not checked to the seventh generation? Oh well...
    The article is not very informative and, in general, is not about anything. Checked and will be checked, it is necessary, the war in 1945 did not end. By the way, you can recall the times of "McCarthyism" which also did not end. So what about the west is not necessary.
    The bad thing is that they checked inattentively and not those, so that the bodies have much to improve.
  7. Vladycat 18 October 2015 16: 07 New
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    As a person related to this system and having devoted a lot of time in studying this issue. I will say that the article, although in general (in comparison with similar ones) is neutral, but is indicated in a one-sided context. It is interesting to read German memoirs on this topic (our history is distorted), as an example of the memoir of E. Hartmann. although this is not related to the filtration camps, but conveys attitudes towards prisoners. I had no caution to get another education. There, I had a dispute with a historian (generally a competent person). He said that statistics and numbers do not lie. I gave an example. In a certain subject of the Russian Federation sits approximately 20000 zk. And with the prison department there is a unit that is involved in escorting. So, in 1 year it transported more than 40000 zk within this subject. So what? According to these figures, in 40 years will historians declare Putin's repressions ?. He could not answer me. Why am I. This thing, even with all the data open, is a rather complicated thing to understand. Yes, and the time was hard. It is hard to understand what is there, what is here.
  8. Flanke 19 October 2015 02: 07 New
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    +3
    An article about the harsh conditions of declassified. According to the author, it was necessary to put the survivors in better conditions than those who forged a victory at that time.

    My minor grandmother then fell down a forest in the taiga along with adults. I received the standard soldering. At the age of 15, his grandfather worked and restored the ruined city. And they were starving. And nothing, no one died! The author believes that the contingent described in the article should have eaten a bun with butter. Although in reality they lived no worse than the whole people. Not because they were plundered badly, but because then ALL were starving and ALL were sleeping on the boards, in the dugouts, in the basements of the destroyed houses.

    As for the shabby uniforms ... My great-grandmother sewed my grandfather's trousers from the trousers of a dead German, in a hurry dug in the garden and did not have time to bend much. I had to alter it because my grandfather was much thinner than that killed German.