Military Review

Coastal missile complex "Ball": ground shield for coastal directions

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Coastal missile complex "Ball": ground shield for coastal directions



Anti-ship complex provides control of territorial waters and protection of coastal areas at long range
Primorsky areas - one of the most important trump cards in the formation and political and economic development of any state. So, to turn Russia into an economically developed and influential European power from 36 years of the reign of Peter I, the country of 26 years fought for access to the Baltic, Black and Azov Seas. But along with this, an equally important task for any state is the protection of outlets to the seas, which was confirmed by the subsequent stages of the historical development of Russia, which has not lost its achievements and the title of a great maritime power.

BR "Ball": all good, but ...


Nowadays, the protection of the sea coast in the Russian Federation and abroad is “entrusted” to coastal missile and artillery complexes of various ranges. One of them is the domestic coastal missile system (DBK) "Ball" (export version of "Bal-E"). As an old Russian shield, this modern powerful and effective tool is able to protect naval bases and other coastal infrastructure, cover the sea coast in areas of dangerous areas, as well as control territorial waters and torrential zones.

Nevertheless, despite the already proven high combat capabilities, from time to time BRK is criticized, especially for the insufficient firing range and flight speed of its small-sized transonic cruise missile (CR) X-35E. Abroad, this is due to unfair competition from Western manufacturers, and in Russia - an obsequious confidence in the superiority of everything “western”, a lack of specialized knowledge, and sometimes even the simple mischief of some domestic “specialists”.

Actually


However, upon closer examination, the mentioned disadvantages, in combination with other characteristics, turn out to be significant advantages of DB Ball. Thus, according to critics, the “insufficient” range is quite enough for a tactical complex. And hitting the enemy at long ranges is already the task of the means of armed struggle for operational and tactical purposes. It is easy to "justify" and the subsonic speed of the rocket. It is this “flaw” that ensures high controllability of the rocket in flight. It, in contrast to heavy supersonic missiles, allows the X-35-type CD to more effectively “work” on small-sized, high-speed and highly maneuverable targets.

Among the other characteristics of the rocket, the small geometrical dimensions, the flight and attack of the target using extremely low altitudes - 10 – 15 and 3 – 5 and, respectively, as well as its high noise immunity deserve “respect”. All these indicators meet the objectives of reducing the likelihood of the timely detection and destruction of a cruise missile by the antimissile defense forces of enemy ships.

According to media reports, the advanced version of the X-35UE rocket will have even higher characteristics, especially in the conditions of active electronic and fire resistance of the enemy. According to the “cost-effectiveness” criterion, the basic version of an anti-ship missile has no equal in the world: the high profitability of its mass production is a big plus. This is due to a significant degree of unification and the possibility of using X-35 in the ship (complex "Uran-E") and aircraft-based versions, as well as the use of this missile in the armies of the Russian Federation and other countries.

As for the BRK as a whole, the anti-ship complex “Bal-E” has no equal in its class in terms of the combat performance and effectiveness of firing at a distance of up to 120 km. First of all, it is a high probability of hitting the assigned target. Thus, on testing, each launch was successful, and instead of a few days allotted, it took only a few hours, which significantly saved the funds allocated for these purposes. According to the results of live firing, it was found that at least three enemy frigate-type ships could be destroyed with a single salvo from 32 missiles, the total cost of which far exceeds that of the Ball and missiles used.


Anti-ship coastal missile system "Bal-E". Photo: topwar.ru

The effectiveness of the complex and contribute to its other distinctive features. Thus, the small interval between missile launches gives their high density in the salvo and the likelihood of overcoming the collective defense of the enemy’s naval grouping, and a significant mobile ammunition and a high degree of automation of the complex ensure the production of a second salvo after 30 – 40 minutes after the first.

Highly mobile self-propelled complex in a short time can be transferred by rail, water and aviation transport to any theater of operations. In combination with a short deployment time in a new, including unprepared position, the suddenness of the use of the complex is ensured. This, as well as high survivability due to the small “working time” and timely exit from the enemy’s retaliatory strike, is facilitated by its own fast-acting active and passive means of detecting surface targets. Highly effective communication facilities provide the DBK “Bal” in virtually radio silence mode by transmitting the necessary information with messages lasting from milliseconds to tenths of a second. Of no small importance is the ability of the all-weather Ball to carry out combat missions both when using conventional weapons and in conditions of chemical and radioactive contamination of the terrain in any weather conditions.

In general, according to the “cost-effectiveness” criterion, the Ball complex is not inferior, and surpasses foreign analogues of Harpoon Block 2 (USA), Exocet MM 40 Block 3 (France), RBS 15 Mk3 (Sweden) and Penguin NSM in a number of indicators (Norway). Prolonged use of the latter by foreign armies clearly demonstrates the expediency of using the tactical BRK Ball. At the same time, this is a very eloquent proof of its advantages to opponents who like to refer to foreign experience.

The Ministry of Defense is also talking about the need to increase the number of anti-ship missile systems. According to Admiral Viktor Chirkov, by 2020, the Russian Navy should receive about 20 new coastal missile systems of the Bastion and Ball type. Today, the Navy already has four divisions with DBK Bal: two and one in the Black Sea and Pacific fleets, respectively, and one in the Caspian flotilla.

Purpose and main characteristics of the Ball BRK


Bal Ball (3K60, SSC-6, Sennight - “week” in the Western classification) is an all-weather coastal missile system with anti-ship missiles X-35 (3М-24). Created by order of the USSR Council of Ministers and the Central Committee of the CPSU (from 16.04.1984) in the Zvezda Design Bureau (chief designer GI Khokhlov) and adopted by the Russian Armed Forces in 2008.

The complex is designed to control the territorial waters and pouring zones, protect the naval bases, other coastal facilities and infrastructure of the country, as well as the coast in areas of dangerous areas. Able to solve these tasks autonomously and as part of other defensive systems in the conditions of active electronic and fire counteraction of the enemy day and night in any weather conditions.

The main elements of the complex are: self-propelled command and control command posts (up to 2), launchers (up to 4) on the 8 RCC in sealed transport and launch containers, and transport-handling machines (up to 4). These tools provide for the detection of single and group targets, their shelling and defeat with high probability by individual missiles or a volley (up to 32) with a launch interval between RCCs to 3 s.

The X-35 type rocket (similar to the American AGM-84 Harpoon RCC) with a combined guidance system and a launch weight of about 620 kg (145 kg of warhead) can hit combat surface ships with a displacement of up to 5000 t and sea transports. The combined guidance system provides a rocket to fly at a speed of 270 – 280 m / s at altitudes 4 – 15 m above water at sea state of up to 6 points and aiming at the target with an accuracy of 4 – 6 m.

The Ball ballistic missile assures the defeat of X-35 (X-35) type anti-ship missiles in the 7 – 120 (7 – 260) km range when the launch position is removed from the coast to 10 km. The deployment time and the readiness of the complex at the new position does not exceed 10 minutes. With a full ammunition (64 rocket), the complex can move on the highway (off-road) at speeds up to 60 (20) km / h with a power reserve of at least 850 km without refueling.

The composition and configuration of the BRK Ball, which has a large modernization potential, is determined by the customer. The use of additional means of target designation (helicopters, drones, etc.) can increase the range and accuracy of target detection, and the means of setting passive interference can increase the survivability of the complex when the enemy uses highly accurate, weapons.
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  1. alekc73
    alekc73 17 October 2015 06: 51 New
    +7
    More "Balls" and "Bastions". We have a very long coastline.
    1. Mera joota
      Mera joota 17 October 2015 10: 11 New
      +1
      Quote: alekc73
      More "Balls" and "Bastions". We have a very long coastline.

      and far from everywhere accessible for wheeled vehicles
      1. Boa kaa
        Boa kaa 17 October 2015 20: 40 New
        +2
        Quote: Mera Joota
        and far from everywhere accessible for wheeled vehicles

        What is 10 km not to the water edge? Well then, it's really bad! laughing
        1. officer29
          officer29 17 October 2015 22: 06 New
          0
          Quote: Boa constrictor KAA
          What is 10 km not to the water edge? Well then, it's really bad!

          Not so bad! He served in Batumi, the state border guard regiment. The main task is to cover the mountainous areas together with the URs and PZ. Only one SMB covered the coast ... And if joint actions with the "border guards" and "URKs" were coordinated, then the contact with the "sea" was minimal, even at the battalion level! The rumor was that the "sea" would use nuclear weapons in defense coast ... request
          1. crazyrom
            crazyrom 18 October 2015 00: 15 New
            +4
            Traditionally: I and Ball
  2. Yurmix
    Yurmix 17 October 2015 07: 27 New
    +3
    Quote: alekc73
    More "Balls" and "Bastions". We have a very long coastline.

    I agree with this wish. drinks
  3. s.melioxin
    s.melioxin 17 October 2015 08: 01 New
    +2
    Complex "BAL-E" - coastal destroyer of the enemy fleet!
    AMAZING!
    1. BULLIT
      BULLIT 17 October 2015 22: 39 New
      0
      Sorry, I understood correctly from the video .... he says that we have only one such complex in service ... ??? sad
  4. tchoni
    tchoni 17 October 2015 09: 39 New
    +1
    Heard, seen, know. Only it would have been supplemented with a DLRO helicopter - there would have been no price ....
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 17 October 2015 20: 47 New
      +1
      Quote: tchoni
      Only it would have been supplemented with a DLRO helicopter - there would have been no price ....
      So it seems that the article says:
      The composition and configuration of DBK “Bal”, which has great modernization potential, is determined by the customer. Use of additional target designation tools (helicopters, drones, etc.) can increase the range and accuracy of target detection, and means of setting passive interference - survivability of the complex in the conditions of the enemy using high-precision guided weapons.

      Read the materials carefully ...
  5. Hey
    Hey 17 October 2015 12: 00 New
    +2
    Seeing the letter Э (for export) in the modification, interest in the article is sharply reduced.
    1. krokodil25
      krokodil25 17 October 2015 18: 20 New
      0
      Quote: MUD
      Seeing the letter E (for export) in the modification, interest in the article is sharply reduced.

      The same thought after the caliber of everything can be expected !? request
  6. egsp
    egsp 17 October 2015 14: 44 New
    0
    A good complex, where are specialists trained for it? In a missile or naval school?
  7. Tektor
    Tektor 17 October 2015 15: 50 New
    -1
    I would like to expand the possibilities of using the Ball complex from landing ships and barges. Then the range is enough for everyone ...
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 17 October 2015 20: 56 New
      +3
      Quote: Tektor
      I would like to expand the possibilities of using the Ball complex from landing ships and barges.
      What kind of people are on the site! That Caliber, now Ball and all "on the barge" want to place!
      A reasonable question: why don't you attach Dots and Iskander "on carts"?
      Then, 2 more control vehicles, at least 1 TPM, in addition to the combat module, will also need to be attached to this "barge". Will it turn over? Have you already calculated the metacentric height? laughing
  8. 31rus
    31rus 17 October 2015 16: 06 New
    0
    The complex is good, but the range is too small for 120 km, the enemy will not be suitable for such a distance even more with ships of the "frigate" class, therefore I agree with the opinion of installing the complex on ships, develop an option for a smaller displacement
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 17 October 2015 21: 07 New
      +1
      Quote: 31rus
      The complex is good, but the range is not enough 120km

      So even in the article for those who are especially interested, they "dropped":
      DBK “Ball” provides for the defeat of surface targets of anti-ship missiles of the X-35 (X-35U) type in the range of 7–120 (7–260) km when the starting position is removed from the coast to 10 km.


      Quote: 31rus
      the enemy is not suitable at such a distance, especially with ships of the "frigate" class

      Well, maybe you're right. But here's the problem: tanks cannot be delivered to the shore by helicopters, like the DShB. We'll have to use the landing craft anyway. This is where they can arrange a "Ball" - with all the ensuing consequences ...
      Quote: 31rus
      install the complex on ships, develop an option for a smaller displacement

      So it seems that even RTOs are capable of carrying them ... Much more "small displacement"? Well, if only on all infantry's favorite "barges"! laughing
  9. arhitroll
    arhitroll 17 October 2015 16: 51 New
    +1
    ... inspired by the Crimean wind ...
  10. Skalpel
    Skalpel 17 October 2015 17: 45 New
    0
    Quote: 31rus
    The complex is good, but the range is too small for 120 km, the enemy will not be suitable for such a distance even more with ships of the "frigate" class, therefore I agree with the opinion of installing the complex on ships, develop an option for a smaller displacement

    But it is designed to cover and protect the COAST line. Other forces and means must deal with enemy targets at greater distances.
    In general, the complex is very successful! So far, the only drawback is the small one.
  11. Old26
    Old26 17 October 2015 19: 45 New
    +1
    Quote: Tektor
    I would like to expand the possibilities of using the Ball complex from landing ships and barges. Then the range is enough for everyone ...

    Okay, you can still understand the desire to put the "BAL" on the landing ship, although it is not clear why. But why go to the barge?
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 17 October 2015 21: 28 New
      +1
      Quote: Old26
      Okay, you can still understand the desire to put "BAL" on the landing ship,
      This is the desire of amateurs to make constructive changes to the class of the ship! But in fact - a deep misunderstanding that everything is harmoniously provided for on the DC for the purpose of delivering an assault on the enemy’s shore, and not for launching a missile strike on enemy ships!
      Quote: Old26
      But why on a barge?
      I can't put my mind to it: and where does such a pathological desire "at sea on a barge" come from !?
      This is probably because of the desire "for a ruble twenty" to get a wunderwaffe of high technologies with wonderful performance characteristics! But free cheese is only in a mousetrap! For some reason, the guardians of the "armed barges" stubbornly forget about this!
      PS. Now the Klabs have been replaced by the Kh-35, but the essence is still the same: "RUSSIAN ARMED KR BARZH" is worse than the Amov missile cruiser !!!
      But on their native land cart - none of them encroaches! Taboo! This is holy !!!
  12. xin-l
    xin-l 17 October 2015 21: 24 New
    0
    The best in its "near" segment. In the joint work with the Bastion, the coastline of the Crimea will turn into a fortress. Whoever breaks through the "palisade" of the Bastion, Ball will shoot dry.
  13. Old26
    Old26 17 October 2015 22: 06 New
    -1
    Quote: Boa constrictor KAA
    I can't put my mind to it: and where does such a pathological desire "at sea on a barge" come from !?

    That's for sure. First, the CALIBR became a superweapon. All powerful and unbreakable. Someone also offered a barge. Okay, there is at least a range of 1500-2500 km. Well, to put a missile with a range of 250 km on a barge is know-how. From the Don, such a barge can shoot Uranami as far as Kerch ... And from Kroshtadt as far as Tallinn. But that's just what for it is needed in these places.

    People sometimes simply do not understand that the same "Bastion" is replacing "Redoubt", and "Uranus" - "Rubezh". And only in the form of coastal defense complexes. As the ship complex "Uranus" did not become widespread ...
    I will not be surprised that the next will be "Zircon", They will also try to put on barges laughing

    Quote: xin-l
    The best in its "near" segment. In the joint work with the Bastion, the coastline of the Crimea will turn into a fortress. Whoever breaks through the "palisade" of the Bastion, Ball will shoot dry.

    You shouldn't make good rockets - "wunderwaffe". The coastal line of the Crimea is about 600 km. A brigade of two "Bastions" divisions and one "Ball" will cover it, but one should not think that it will be an impenetrable palisade. Only 48 in a salvo of "Onyx" and 32 subsonic "Uranus" - this is a lot, but not enough to make an insurmountable fortress
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