But before, when the trees were large, everything was different. Back in 1916, the Prussian War Ministry planned to build in these places aviation testing and training center. But it did not grow together - the first world war ended somehow very quickly unexpectedly. Under the terms of the Versailles Treaty, Germany was forbidden to develop its own aircraft industry. In order to circumvent the terms of this agreement, in 1925 the famous German aviation school was organized in Lipetsk.
2. The official name of the museum is "Luftfahrttechnisches Museum Rechlin":
Nevertheless, the "Versailles conditions" gradually softened, and at about the same time, the Germans already had a completely official opportunity to engage in civilian aircraft engineering. Under this cover, the creation of the German Aviation Test Center in Rekhlin was continued.
3. Entrance to the museum shop and ticket office:
4. The test center plan (Erprobungsstelle Rechlin), according to the USAAF at 1944. The current Rechlin museum is located in the north-west. Schemes in the best resolution, I did not find:
After the National Socialists came to power, work on the creation and equipping of the center was greatly accelerated. For workers, technicians and engineers recruited from all over the Reich, a separate model town was built, with individual houses.
The main tasks of the test center in Rekhlin were to check the performance of aircraft models under development (both of the entire aircraft and of their individual elements, instruments, etc.), as well as a test for compliance with the declared ones. parameters of new equipment, already "ready" to launch into mass production.
Thus, measurements were made of maximum speeds, range and altitude, strength and stability, manageability, ergonomics and ease of maintenance, etc.
Beginning with 1939, Rechlin regularly tests jet machines (starting with Heinkel He 178).
After the start of the Second World War, active research of trophy equipment, including training battles, is being conducted in Rekhlin. It was there that was tested (and received very flattering reviews) our La-5FN. Also in Rekhlin, several of about a hundred captured Il-2 attack aircraft were investigated. Among the curious conclusions of the Germans, I especially remember this: "The car is above all dangerous for its crew" :)
5. The backbone of the IL-2M still lies on the back of the current museum, which I already reported a little earlier:
6. Another of the aircraft tested in Rechlin:
After the end of the Second World War and up to 1993, the Soviet garrison was stationed in Rekhlin, among other things - 125 ADIB 16 BA (with an airfield in neighboring Leerz).
After a short historical excursion, we turn to the museum itself.
7. The main outdoor exhibits of the museum are three Soviet combat aircraft, a torpedo boat (!!!) and a tower of mobile communication antennas:
8. Su-22 UM3K (aka Su-17 UM3 with an AL-21F-3 engine) GDR Air Force, one of the export hits of the Soviet aircraft industry:
9. Right landing gear:
10. At the time of the cancellation of the aircraft managed to fly 750 hours. For painting and minimal maintenance, apparently, the museum has no money:
11. MiG-23MLA, also the GDR Air Force:
12. The condition of the MiG-23 is slightly better, but it has not been cleaned for a long time:
13. Like the Su-22, the MiG-23 is equipped with variable sweep wings:
14. MiG-21bis Polish Air Force:
15. The nose rack is striking in its (seeming?) Simplicity:
16. Polish identification marks someone tried to erase:
17. At first, I did not understand what the Navy GDR small torpedo boat (project 131.4) was doing in the aviation museum. But it looks very beautiful. The explanation for this exhibit will be given closer to the end of my report:
18. View from the stern:
The Aviation Technical Museum in Rechlin was opened on 1 in August 1998, two non-profit organizations are involved in its maintenance and development - one collects money, the other manages the museum.
19. A sign on one of the museum buildings states that part of the museum costs were sponsored from the funds of the European Union:
We go in the first museum building.
20. Junkers F.13 - the first aircraft, originally designed as a passenger, accommodating 2 crew member and passenger 4. The first flight was made in 1919 g .:
21. Dedicated poster stories "Lipetsk" stage of the German Air Force:
22. An interesting exhibit, probably having very little in common with aviation:
The fact is that the museum positions itself not only as an aviation museum, but also as a repository of evidence of the epoch, one way or another connected with this locality.
23. In the next room, various instruments and parts are shown, as well as models of aircraft cockpits, in varying degrees of configuration:
24. Cab Messerschmitt Bf 109:
25. Cabin Ju-388:
27. Cabin jet Arado 234, with a periscope - that would look, if anyone sat on the tail (!):
29. Backup generators of different models and someone's feet:
30. Aircraft radios:
31. Training b / w bombs:
32. There is a separate small hall with models:
34. Several of the following rooms are dedicated to jet aircraft and engines:
35. Helicopter TV2-117, installed on the Mi-8 and its modifications:
36. Р-25-300 - two-stage turbojet two-stage aircraft engine, installed on the MiG-21 and Su-15:
37. Me 262 with original nose:
38. The wooden model Heinkel He 162 ("Salamander") in the original size:
39. Motor from the English Handley Page Halifax bomber shot down over Germany:
40. Other motors and screws in the collection:
41. Hall achievements of the national economy of the GDR:
42. Marine Hall (in Rekhlin there was a plant for the production of small river boats and large sea boats):
43. So was their design:
45. The model is already known to us a small torpedo boat Navy GDR (project 131.4). It turns out that at the Rekhlinsky Combine, their hulls were made, and further finishing work was already taking place at a “real” shipyard in the city of Wolgast:
46. Another product of the rural industry:
47. Globe of the Land of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (this is not a joke, but a sample of the patriotic education of young people. In general, it’s probably a joke, after all):
48. In a separate room are the artifacts of stay on the German land of our army:
49. Stand dedicated to the airfield in Lerz:
51. Local leaders:
52. Drum :)
54. Very expressive picture:
56. Beautiful photo on the wall:
57. Seeing the army in 1993 g .:
Leaving the museum halls and look at the remaining exhibits in the open air.
58. Mi-8T to the right, to the left of an unknown model helicopter:
59. A boat of two "Trabants" :)
60. Fighter agricultural front - Czecho-Slovak "Bumblebee" Z37A:
62. In the hangar they work with something very "ancient":
63. Finally a few marine products. Such lifeboats did, among other things, in this village:
64. Parts of marine anti-mine trawls:
65. And, of course, a torpedo. For what a standing air museum will do without a torpedo:
Thanks for attention :)
Finally, some useful information about the museum:
Luftfahrttechnisches Museum Rechlin eV
Am Claassee 1,
17248 Rechlin, Deutschland
How to get to B&B King`s Residence
If humanly, then only by car. From Berlin to go about 2 hours.
Phone: + 49 39823 20-424
E-mail: [email protected]
February - April: from Monday to Thursday, from 10: 00 to 16: 00, on Friday - from 10: 00 to 15: 00,
May - October: daily from 10: 00 to 17: 00.
Cashier closes in 30 min. before the museum closes. Entrance to dogs (!!!) is allowed.
How much is: adult ticket: 7 euro, children: 3 euro, family ticket: 17 euro, the tour can be ordered for 25 euro.
Official site of the museum "Luftfahrttechnisches Museum Rechlin" (unfortunately, only in German.).
An article about Erprobungsstelle Rechlin on Wikipedia (unfortunately, only in German.)
Interesting photos of captured aircraft on the website luftarchiv.de