Our memory. Museum "Kaluga Garrison"




The second part of the story about the trip to Kaluga is devoted to the museum exposition. Let's start with the street.


Cancer-38, anti-tank gun, 50 mm.


Cancer-36, anti-tank gun, 37 mm.


BTR "Ganomag-250". Fully operational.



Kitchen. The most revered exhibit that day. Working


BA-64. On the run.


[center] 76,2-mm divisional gun ZIS-3.



Gas-xnumx. Capable and completely identical.




[/ Center]
GAZ-AA. The legendary "Lorry".


Inside the museum consists of two exhibitions: weapons and equipment of the Red Army and Germany. Present and some of weapons Allies, the part that came to us under the Lend-Lease.

Uniform samples.
































This, dear connoisseurs stories, nothing more than "Photokor-1". The first mass Soviet camera.


Anti-tank guns Degtyarev and Simonov.


Flare gun with ammunition.






Mauser С96.


Thompson. Delivered to us.




Submachine gun Sudayev. By many estimates - the best PP World War II.


Cavalry carbine.


Manual siren.


Samples ammunition soldier of the Red Army.


Mosin rifle, sniper version


"Maksim".




Machine gun Goryunova SG-43.




DShK.


What is Lewis doing here is very difficult to say. Could, of course, be used at the beginning of the war.


DP.


Field telephone.


SVT.








MP-40.


MP-38.


"Waltr" P38.


"Luger" P06.


"Walter" PP.


FN Browning M1922. Belgium.


Vis.35. Poland.


"Walter" PPK.


"Walter", model 4.


Mauser M1910.


FN model 27. Belgium.


Astra 600. Spain. Produced for Germany.


"Mauser" HSc.


Bayard m. 1908. Belgium.


FÉG 37M. Hungary.


Beretta M1934. Italy.


FN Model 1910. Belgium.


Sauer 38H. Germany.




Colt M1911. USA.


Colt Model 1903 Pocket Hammerless. USA.


StG-44.


Shop drum type for machine gun MG.










Machine gun ZB vz. 26. Czechoslovakia.


MG-34.


MG-42.


MG-81. Actually, this aviation a machine gun, but upon closer inspection it turned out that the bipods were not "pinned up". Accordingly, this is an infantry option.





Here is an exhibition. Very informative, especially in terms of pistols. By the way, the organizers did not have time to sign them, I had to figure it out myself. Therefore, lovers of pistols, if something does not match, please do not particularly get excited.
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22 comments
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  1. miv110 13 October 2015 06: 23 New
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    +16
    “What Lewis is doing here is very difficult to say. Could, of course, be used at the beginning of the war” - It is a well-known fact that these machine guns were delivered to the Red Army from storage depots and were actively used in battles near Moscow. But in general, the museum is beautiful there is something to see and can even touch!
  2. MARGADON 13 October 2015 06: 52 New
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    Nice collection.
  3. Igor39 13 October 2015 07: 05 New
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    MPL 50 I want the Comintern, can anyone have an extra?
  4. Arktidianets 13 October 2015 07: 28 New
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    I apologize to the author, but the photo is not a lorry and Zakhar is a Zis-5 car. In general, a very informative photo review. Thanks to the author for the work!
    1. RoadRunner 18 October 2015 23: 54 New
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      Yes, and Hanomag somehow offended by the name ...
  5. Vladimirets 13 October 2015 07: 55 New
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    "The kitchen. The most revered exhibit that day. Working."

    KP-48. smile
  6. parusnik 13 October 2015 08: 00 New
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    Thank you to the author for the tour ...
  7. igordok 13 October 2015 08: 25 New
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    +10
    Thank you.
    MG-34 and MG-42 are interchanged.
    1. Per se. 13 October 2015 09: 40 New
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      Quote: igordok
      MG-34 and MG-42 are interchanged.
      Plus, in the photo not the "DShK", but the 7,62 mm machine gun Degtyarev model 1939 of the year (DS-39). This is so, minor nitpicking, I join the rest, thanks to the author for the review and numerous photos of the exhibits.
  8. Rjn
    Rjn 13 October 2015 08: 34 New
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    Yes, except for pistols. BA-64 - front suspension from GAZ 69, GAZ 67 post-war release, wheels are not native, ZIS 5, but not a lorry, the machine gun is not DShK, these are DS 39, MG 34 and MG 42 are mixed together. This is so offhand. In general, a huge work has been done, I support.
  9. Tankist_1980 13 October 2015 08: 37 New
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    In the photo is not Lorry, but ZiS 5. Look at the front spring (at Lorry it is transversely located) and the windshield with a jumper.
  10. sherik 13 October 2015 08: 57 New
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    Ganomag has one rink missing, it is unlikely to be operational. Scary manikins are a little annoying, and the lieutenant is between the fire extinguisher and the trash. And so the exposure is even very good.
    1. cth; fyn 13 October 2015 10: 18 New
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      Pf, the skating rink is not enough, I rode in a figure-eight cut in half in my youth. Technology is a tenacious thing, especially military.
  11. Robert Nevsky 13 October 2015 10: 15 New
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    Just a great article. He learned a lot from her.
  12. Tankist_1980 13 October 2015 11: 34 New
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    On the truck on the radiator the inscription "ZIS")))
  13. teron 13 October 2015 12: 16 New
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    I'll have to go. Look what is there and how.
  14. leks 13 October 2015 12: 33 New
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    What kind of me, after all, several years ago in Kaluga I lived two months at work, I never visited this museum. Not even interested in local attractions. Although there was time to relax, I often walked there in the center, but I didn’t bother to go to museums, the beautiful town left only positive emotions.
  15. kosoybobr 13 October 2015 13: 04 New
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    Quote: leks
    What kind of me, after all, several years ago in Kaluga I lived two months at work, I never visited this museum. Not even interested in local attractions. Although there was time to relax, I often walked there in the center, but I didn’t bother to go to museums, the beautiful town left only positive emotions.

    do not be afraid - the museum was opened on 09.10.2015/XNUMX/XNUMX ;-)
  16. Uruska 13 October 2015 19: 03 New
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    Very interesting exposition! Cognitive. Just two questions. Why is there a dent from the bullets on the back of the machine gun shield? And yet - phone = this is TAP (maybe TAI). In those days, they were in wooden crates. And so - healthy!
    1. kotvov 13 October 2015 21: 01 New
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      My uncle, he was a paratrooper in the war. He fought with, "Maxim," so he told me to make sure that the shield was put up against a tree and shot at it with a rifle. The result is penetration. The whole focus is in spring depreciation on the machine.
  17. moskowit 13 October 2015 19: 39 New
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    Serious collection. And how many discoveries are ahead! The museum was just born. He will stand up, straighten his shoulders, another preliminary recording will appear ...
    Good luck to the museum staff! hi
  18. Filxnumx 13 October 2015 21: 13 New
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    Apparently the plates were not only on the pistols, the museum is forgivable enough young enough. The exposition is quite worthy, there are quite rare samples: for example, PPSh with a sector store or MG-81 in the infantry performance. Almost all the exhibits are in very good condition, and some are just in excellent condition. The author and the museum staff are a definite plus for their attitude to history, but still it needs to be better known. For example, light armored personnel carrier Sd. Kfz. 250/10 (though for some reason without the Pak 36 anti-tank gun, but probably it is the only one on a wheeled carriage in the museum) was produced not only by the HANOMAG company, although this is the most "pronounced" of all the others. Well, the first thing that almost all readers noticed: a "mess" with the classic MG-42 vs MG-34. This is how to mix up GAZ-24 and GAZ-21: MG-42 is easily recognizable by the characteristic cutout in the casing for changing the barrel, on MG-34 to replace the barrel it was necessary to first remove the cooling casing itself. Further "Mauser" does not seem to be C96, but K96. With sweets, too, a little confused. "Bon-bon" is not the name of sweets, but the candies themselves (sweet) in German - "Bonbons" (plural). On the wrapper was simply written "Bonbon" - (sweet) candy. Although it was unlikely that there was real sugar, rather some kind of sweetener.
  19. googlof 14 October 2015 21: 29 New
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    Submachine gun Sudayev. By many estimates - the best PP World War II.

    "Opinion of many", i.e. Roman Skomorokhov's opinion is erroneous. The best WWII PP in the photo is located slightly higher. And it is called PP Thompson. Unique was the unit.
    Actually, it was this formally PP that was the ideological predecessor of the M16 (and AK-74), as a class of weapons. Paradoxical as it may seem, with completely different performance characteristics they have exactly the same "effective ballistics" in theory. Of course, at Thompson's PP it is hemorrhoidal (more theoretical than practical), the beginning of the last century. But, nevertheless, it was possible to get something between M16A1 and M16A2 (for AK-74 it is slightly worse than even for M16A1). Those. the same eggs, but from a different profile. An attempt to achieve the correct results by other methods. Not to say that it is very successful. But not a failure.
    And just like ordinary PP (weapons of a completely different class), Thompson was magnificent and had absolutely no competitors among the 2MB member countries. Even the Hungarian Danuvia P. Kirali, the best of all the rest, could not be compared with Thompson. And he could only compete with the American unsuccessful carbine-machine gun (another class of small arms) M2. Moreover, while remaining formally PP, according to its actual TTX, Thompson was a completely problem-free submachine gun (although he was on a pistol cartridge, i.e. formally PP). Not that the American M2, which was a carbine submachine gun only formally, because of the carbine cartridge. But in fact, by TTX more than advanced PP did not pull.
    Of course, no AK-47 and other assault guns (assault rifles, another separate class of small arms) were the ideological predecessors of the M16 and AK-74. But there are some external and constructive similarities between the AK-47 and AK-74. Which leads to conversations like "it's the same thing." No, it’s not the same thing, it’s a weapon of completely different classes.
    I can not help but note the Italian bolt Fucile di Fanteria Mo. 1938 (better known as Carcano) on a cartridge of 7,35 × 51 mm Carcano. And also a handbrake on the same cartridge. This is the third profile of the same “egg”. This option is completely different, not the same as Thompson, because it did not allow the creation of an individual automatic weapon. The maximum is a semi-automatic (self-loading) + handbrake. To some extent, after 2MV, partially (only partially) ALMOST Americans went this way with their weapons on a 7,62 × 51 mm NATO cartridge. Complementing the line by the Thompson.
    Well, then all this diversity was supplanted by the M16. And when Thompson left, it became possible to replace the cartridge of the army pistol as well. Replaced by the cartridge of steam.
    And Sudaev’s submachine gun is just a dead end. Incomprehensible product. Typical of the pre-war "Soviet weapons school." Yes, and post-war, too. AK-47, RPK and SCS are an example of this. Yes, and "pasta" with APS, too.