Innovation Day of the Southern Military District: KamAZ-63968 "Typhoon-K" armored car

Within the family of armored vehicles "Typhoon" are created several projects of protected cars. To date, two samples of such machines have come to trial operation in the army. These are the armored cars Typhoon-K and Typhoon-U, developed by the KamAZ and Ural automobile plants, respectively. Several dozen armored vehicles of two types are now being tested in the units of the Southern Military District. Not so long ago, one of the armored cars of the Kama Automobile Plant had to become an exhibit at the “Innovation Day of the Southern Military District” exhibition.


The development of the KamAZ-63968 armored car “Typhoon-K” was launched at the beginning of the current decade and was carried out as part of the program for the development of promising protected vehicles for the armed forces. The first samples of the Typhoon family of cars were built in 2011 year. In the future, this technique was shown to the public. The premiere of an armored vehicle from KamAZ took place at the Victory Parade in 2014. In the future, these machines were repeatedly demonstrated during other events, including the “Innovation Day of the Southern Military District”.

In addition to the main contractors, a few dozen other companies and organizations of the defense industry were involved in the Typhoon program. Their task was to develop and manufacture various components and assemblies, armor, etc. Thus, all the machines of the new family, including Typhoon-K, are an excellent example of cooperation in the framework of promising projects.



Protection of the crew, assault force and machine units is provided with the help of a combined armor consisting of metal and ceramic elements. Such blocks protect armored cars as from small weapons, and from undermining mines under the wheel or bottom. Declared protection against small arms of various types of caliber to 14,5 mm. Mine protection - up to 8 kg of TNT.

Due to the solid booking, the KAMAZ-63968 armored car has a full weight at the level of 24730 kg. At the same time, the vehicle transports up to 2,6 tons of cargo, and is also capable of towing a trailer weighing up to 8 tons. The main task of the prospective armored car is to transport personnel. However, it is possible to transport some goods. In addition, a special transport vehicle for the carriage of goods can be created within the Typhoon family.

The required mobility characteristics are provided by a KAMAZ-730.345-450 diesel engine with an HP 450 power. With the engine associated transmission, providing all-wheel drive. Engine torque is transmitted to all six driving wheels. As part of the transmission, some imported units are used. The existing powerplant allows the armored car to accelerate to the highway to 100 km / h. Power reserve - up to 1000 km.

The armored car "Typhoon-K" has a separated cabin and a module of the troop compartment. The crew and assault forces are separated from each other, but can communicate using existing devices. The cabin provides three seats for the driver and other crew members. To monitor the situation, they have a large windshield and two side windows in the doors. In addition, the crew and the landing can use a set of video cameras installed on the perimeter of the machine. This equipment, the signal of which is displayed on the screens, significantly improves the view.

In the troop compartment are 14 "mine" seats, reducing the impact of the shock wave on passengers. Also, the security of the assault is provided by special five-point belts. In the sides of the troop compartment there are several small windows with bulletproof glass. For landing and disembarking in the stern sheet there is a lowered ramp with hydraulic drives. If necessary, the fighters can leave the car through the door in the ramp. In the roof of the module module troop compartment are six hatches.

To date, the armored cars of the Typhoon family, including the KAMAZ-63968 vehicles, have passed the main tests and were transferred to the troops for trial operation. In December last year, it was reported that units of the Southern Military District received 30 armored vehicles of a new type. In addition, at the very beginning of 2015, another two dozen armored vehicles were delivered. According to the results of operation in the troops, it will be decided to adopt this equipment.

One of the vehicles undergoing trial operation was sent to the exhibition “Innovation Day of the Southern Military District”, where everyone could see it. It should be noted that in March of this year, during the action of the Ministry of Defense “Military service under the contract is your choice!”, Rostovites could already see “Typhoon-K”, but then the car was parked on a fenced site. In early October, the doors and hatches of the armored car were open to all comers. We took advantage of this "proposal" and present a photo review of the car.


Despite the armor, the car retained the characteristic "KAMAZ" exterior



Used suspension allows you to change the clearance of the machine. With minimal fit in the car is no problem



Engine compartment grilles





Corps from different angles



One of the windows of the troop compartment



The design of the chassis are actively used imported components. For example, the logo of the Irish company Timoney is visible on the wheel hub.



If the wheels do not cope with their work, they will help winch



Bulletproof driver's door



Inside door mechanisms are closed by a casing.



Driver's seat



Steering column and dashboard



Second side door



Place commander / attendant



Video cameras over the driver's door



Video cameras over the stern ramp



Ramp for landing. Anti-slip coating provided



View from the ramp on the troop compartment. Well visible ramp cylinders




Airborne seats



Equipment on the front wall



Information plate from the exhibition




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  1. inkass_98 13 October 2015 07: 22 New
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    In the Military Acceptance, both versions of the Typhoon were described in sufficient detail, very clearly (with explosions and breaking through brick walls). So it’s hard to write something new about this technique in the article.
    1. cosmos111 13 October 2015 07: 44 New
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      EXCELLENT armored car .... BUT dear "infection"
      (1 ml $$$) ", so massive in the army, NOT when it will NOT, but sorry .....
      1. Forest 13 October 2015 11: 35 New
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        When all sorts of militants are mining roads, I can't at all - there’s nothing to save on the lives of soldiers.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. gjv
          gjv 13 October 2015 14: 31 New
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          Quote: Forest
          When all sorts of militants are mining roads, I can't at all - there’s nothing to save on the lives of soldiers.

          From an interview with the chief designer of KAMAZ OJSC for work with power structures Yu.A. Kukharenko
          Nevertheless, after taking all the readings from the sensors (on the seats, on the bottom, on the roof, on the steering wheel), we found some weaknesses that we are currently working on. Somewhere we change the design in order to increase security, and somewhere, maybe weaken the protection, because she is redundant. Also, to optimize the weight parameters, we will fight for weight reduction.

          - By what standard did they fire and undermine: domestic or STANAG?

          There was a so-called temporary methodology presented by the Russian Ministry of Defense. In addition, we evaluated according to the STANAG standard.

          - Tell us more about this technique.

          - The previously agreed number of ammunition fired at equipment from different angles, paying particular attention to places where the possibility of penetration is most likely. According to STANAG, structurally weakened zones are determined, where the designer himself determined the possibility of penetration.
          The explosions were carried out under the front wheel on the driver’s side, under the rear wheel, under the bottom in the middle of the landing compartment.
          Well, the use of Hybrid III dummies made it possible to give a comprehensive assessment of what is happening inside the car to form a conclusion by specialists.


          - What is the process of laying explosives?

          - A metal bowl with a cylindrical hole is buried flush with the ground, sand is spilled around with water to seal it. 6 kg of trinitrotoluene are placed in the bowl. Then, a car bumps into it and an explosion is made.
          I believe that it is time to bring the domestic methodology for conducting such specific tests to a single standard. Otherwise, how can it be argued that a particular model of our technology is superior or inferior to its Western counterparts if the tests were carried out in completely different ways?

          - KAMAZ automobiles, when it comes to resistance to detonation, are often blamed for a cabless scheme. Like, a car will drive a wheel over a mine, the cabin and the people in it will take on the entire force of the explosion. What did the tests of the modular Typhoon show when they blew 6 kg under the front wheel from the driver’s side?

          - Good question. Tests have shown that with a possible detonation, both the driver and the senior car remain alive, because the cab structure is streamlined and dividers, which redirects the main energy of the explosion to the side. Also, I cannot but note the rather successful layout of the power compartment: during the tests, the explosion destroyed the wheel, but the driver was able to start the engine, and the car drove off. That is, neither the engine nor its systems were affected.

      2. max702 13 October 2015 13: 19 New
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        Quote: cosmos111
        EXCELLENT armored car .... BUT dear "infection"
        (1 ml $$$) ", therefore, massive in the army, NOT when it will NOT, but sorry ...

        As soon as the MO is obliged to pay in the case of a soldier’s death an amount of about $ 1 million (like that of the “partners”), then trucks of $ 1 million and new bulletproof vests made of ceramics, as well as good equipment, walkie-talkies, etc. will help to reduce insurance payments, and precision weapons will sharply become a priority over infantry attacks ..
        1. cosmos111 13 October 2015 13: 53 New
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          Quote: max702
          As soon as the MO is obliged to pay in the event of the death of a soldier an amount of the order of 1mln \ dollars (as with the "partners")

          with this, no one argues, we must rely on realities and the budget ...

          if there were domestic components, there wasn’t such a price .... BUT what is, then there is ...
          1. Vadim237 13 October 2015 17: 39 New
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            And in this car just all of our components are expensive armor.
        2. Vadim237 13 October 2015 17: 36 New
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          Well, a bulletproof vest of the 6th protection class with ceramic inserts costs 135000 rubles, and Typhoon 56 million rubles.
    2. War and Peace 13 October 2015 08: 44 New
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      Amer’s box Alice, they found what to put, the Urals put the Belarusian one ...
      1. cth; fyn 13 October 2015 11: 32 New
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        From damn it, because of grammatical errors, I did not immediately understand the meaning.
  2. Zaurbek 13 October 2015 07: 40 New
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    It is imported all and stands like a fighter.
    1. cth; fyn 13 October 2015 11: 35 New
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      Ahahhahaha, do you even know how much a fighter costs? Ahahhahaha, hawk for lam, ahahaha, you don’t even buy an engine for lam, ahahahaha one, and there are two of them, ahahahaha
    2. Vadim237 13 October 2015 17: 40 New
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      Su 35 fighter costs 2 billion rubles, and Typhoon 56 million rubles.
  3. Tanker55 13 October 2015 08: 54 New
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    Dear, beautiful and functional, and the best part is that it is OUR !!!
  4. Sevastopol 76 13 October 2015 09: 10 New
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    Good car! Capacity pleases. 14 full seats instead of 10-12 for many competitors, with similar dimensions. And speed for 100 km / h
    Protection against KPVT, that is, Stanag4 - this is megazache! Most wheeled armored vehicles - 7.62x54 B-32, the maximum that they hold.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. gjv
      gjv 13 October 2015 14: 26 New
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      From an interview with the chief designer of KAMAZ OJSC for work with power structures Yu.A. Kukharenko
      - There is information that you have already tested the KAMAZ-63968 modular vehicle.

      - In September 2014, we completed preliminary tests of the car and conducted tests of this car at the test sites at TsNIITOCHMASH and at 3 CRI BT. For the first time in Russia, we put special Hybrid III mannequins in a blown up car instead of pigs and screens of “witnesses”.
      They fired around the perimeter, more than 200 shots were fired from different distances and angles. After that, they made explosions by various means of destruction in accordance with the requirements of the technical specifications and the methodological program. There were no breaks, mannequins with 37 sensors (acceleration, displacement, pressure) showed loads in the region of 35-50% of the maximum allowable.
      According to the test results, it was concluded that a person in the car would not have received life-threatening injuries.
      Explosions were also provided for a 152-mm HE shell at a distance of 25 meters from the car. It is this distance that was laid down in the requirements for protecting the machine. Then it was decided to reduce the distance to 10 m, then to 5 m, and finally, they decided to make an explosion at a distance of 2 m. They blew it up. The fragments were crushed by ceramics, but there was no penetration, and the readings of the sensors on the mannequins did not record the excess of the permissible load level. We, the designers, were very pleased to get such a high result.





      After side blasting 10 kg of TNT

    3. DarkMatter 13 October 2015 16: 09 New
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      There was somewhere information that there would be no protection from 14.5, a maximum of 7.62, for weight loss, etc. Even in the article, look at 2 different pictures with char-kami, the difference in total mass is 2 (!) Tons and in appearance.
      The same thing with the Urals, in the basic configuration - 7.62 (although you can hang additional protection, as I do not know with KAMAZ). And they want to put them on the base of Tornado-U, because it’s expensive, difficult, import substitution, etc., etc. Get a cheap version of Typhoon-U-T.
      In general, between the prototypes and what will eventually come to the troops, the difference I think will be big ...
  5. Gray 43 13 October 2015 09: 31 New
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    For the army in this form, it is unsuitable, too many imported components, even Michelin tires. I don’t touch on military operations, but even in conditions of sanctions, there may be problems with supplies
    1. cth; fyn 13 October 2015 11: 38 New
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      And a bit too much RPG all sorts of musk beard have.
  6. Zaurbek 13 October 2015 09: 52 New
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    What is in it ours, except for diesel and assembly? Michelin tires, ceramics Israel ...
    1. Forest 13 October 2015 11: 37 New
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      Our metal ceramics, our BIUS, our control systems. Not our box, tires can be replaced, there are no problems.
      1. Zaurbek 13 October 2015 15: 05 New
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        You have mixed up with a car based on URAL. there really everything is so and Belarusian tires. Box ZF. And the price they and Kamaz diverge twice.
        1. Forest 14 October 2015 14: 00 New
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          The armor of all Typhoon models from one manufacturer, electronics too.
      2. Zaurbek 13 October 2015 15: 05 New
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        You have mixed up with a car based on URAL. there really everything is so and Belarusian tires. Box ZF. And the price they and Kamaz diverge twice.
  7. VL33 13 October 2015 10: 27 New
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    Very expensive, but the main thing that has been done and it is possible to improve and replace the import nodes with your own and, accordingly, the series will and will be cheaper. The main thing is that it is not on paper! good
  8. Koh
    Koh 13 October 2015 10: 41 New
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    Thank you for the article !
  9. wanderer_032 13 October 2015 11: 40 New
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    And again, everything is in plastic. Some kind of insanity. PVC produces a lot of toxic substances when burned. But it seems those who ordered these cars to be sheathed with these panels do not know this.
    And what is characteristic is that the landing seats were set like seats on airplanes. And for sure they are also made of combustible materials. In general, I never get tired of marveling at the ostentatious moronity that is flourishing in our country everywhere.
    1. cth; fyn 13 October 2015 12: 24 New
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      There is a discord between plastic, there are those that do not burn, and do not emit.
      1. wanderer_032 13 October 2015 17: 37 New
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        Quote: cth; fyn
        There is a discord between plastic, there are those that do not burn, and do not emit.


        Specific samples in the studio, please.
    2. gjv
      gjv 13 October 2015 14: 16 New
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      Quote: wanderer_032
      And what is characteristic is that the landing seats were set like seats on airplanes

      From an interview with the chief designer of KAMAZ OJSC for work with power structures Yu.A. Kukharenko
      - Are the seats in the Typhoon domestic?

      - So far, foreign, with elements of energy suppression of the effects of mine detonation. They have their own know-how in this area, which they have not yet declassified. But, these seats will be localized in Russia, according to an already agreed program.

      - That is, there will be no problems with import?

      - Exactly. The design is not simple, the most tricky device is one that is compact, very cheap, but it just extinguishes this energy. Given the fact that Russia has its own developments of similar seats, further import problems can be avoided.
      1. wanderer_032 13 October 2015 17: 36 New
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        In general, I meant the upholstery material from which these chairs are made. It is 100% - combustible.
        I also mentioned that the internal volume of the car is finished with plastic panels. They are also made of combustible material. Exactly the same plastic is used in civilian cars.
        These vehicles were not fired by armor-piercing incendiary ammunition during testing. At least I have not seen such photos.
        Meanwhile, the use of combustible materials in the elements of the interior decoration of armored vehicles is unacceptable. Since when a vehicle is hit by armor-piercing incendiary ammunition and a fire occurs, the crew and the landing party can be poisoned by the products of combustion / melting of this plastic and die because of this.
        1. would 15 October 2015 18: 57 New
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          You speak as if they set it on fire. cth; fyn absolutely correctly noted that there are non-combustible similar materials.
          1. wanderer_032 16 October 2015 21: 29 New
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            Quote: rait
            You speak as if they set it on fire. cth; fyn absolutely correctly noted that there are non-combustible similar materials.

            The same "non-combustible materials" are used in the lining of all current buses and trucks, Russian-made. And as a person who has worked on both of these over the years, I can say with confidence that this is ordinary plastic that burns very well.
  10. qarzu 13 October 2015 13: 48 New
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    good car I hope soon all the components will be domestic
  11. Free wind 13 October 2015 14: 36 New
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    If those Typhoons can still be taken as prospective trucks. And this one, why? For what? High altitude why? It's not that getting from a gun into it is easy. and the fact that with a tall center of gravity its static tipping angle is 12 degrees, with such parameters any slope is a dangerous obstacle. Tearing the wheel off while undermining a mine while moving is 100 percent rollover. BTR-40 can be said to be redone, now study the BTR-152 and maybe a good bronik will come out.
    1. wanderer_032 13 October 2015 17: 43 New
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      Quote: Free Wind
      Now study the BTR-152 and maybe a good bronik will come out.

      Absolutely neither one nor the other is needed.
      That car is quite excellent.



      If you put this composite armor on it and improve PMZ, then what you need will come out. You can put a better suspension. Independent. Or hydropneumatics or spring. Well, mount the folding back ramp.
      1. ProkletyiPirat 10 January 2018 03: 09 New
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        It will be a new armored car, and ultimately will come out not much better than typhoons. Here a different approach needs a fundamentally different layout.
  12. 31rus 13 October 2015 14: 58 New
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    The car is needed, but again imported components, replace it with domestic ones and the price of the car will fall, you can’t mean it’s not just Kamaz that needs to be dealt with, what kind of attitude to such sensitive issues both literally and figuratively
  13. saygon66 13 October 2015 18: 39 New
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    - Unfortunately, the specific pressure on the soil is not indicated in the characteristics ... The use of machines of such a mass will be difficult on swampy and sandy soils ... In the same KOR, moving on them, even in summer, is fraught ... but a significant part of the territory of Russia - floodplains of rivers and swamps. Appliances for the southeast?
  14. Thor 14 October 2015 11: 07 New
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    IMHO, a great vehicle for the delivery and evacuation of personnel, is likely to find itself in reconnaissance or escort units !! 14 places are still a definite plus, compared with analogues, if you rely on the plot in the "military acceptance", then the rest surpasses the analogues! On the issue of price, over time, if the machine is mass-produced, then its production will become cheaper!
    1. ProkletyiPirat 10 January 2018 03: 17 New
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      Well, yes, it surpasses, in mass, in height, in length, in cost. Not a car, of course, good, even excellent, BUT applicable only to the military police.
  15. andrei72 15 October 2015 11: 07 New
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    Quote: wanderer_032
    Quote: Free Wind
    Now study the BTR-152 and maybe a good bronik will come out.

    Absolutely neither one nor the other is needed.
    That car is quite excellent.



    If you put this composite armor on it and improve PMZ, then what you need will come out. You can put a better suspension. Independent. Or hydropneumatics or spring. Well, mount the folding back ramp.

    Pretty peremptory statement! The SBA-60-K2 “Bulat” is illustrated in the picture, but it has practically no protection against undermining under the bottom from anti-tank anti-bottom and anti-track mines (perhaps there is no serious anti-mine protection at all, although there is a V-shaped bottom), in addition, the booking level is extremely low (calculation is mainly based on rational angles of inclination of armored plates), a large mass and low passability, extremely low controllability, especially after mines are blown under the front (steered) wheel, high probability of jamming of feed doors when undermining and deforming the armored hull (due to which landing hatches on the roof are provided) and a bunch of other shortcomings ...
    In this case, much more modern machines, the Typhoon family, look preferable.

    With all respect, Andrew.
    1. wanderer_032 16 October 2015 21: 37 New
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      Quote: andrei72
      In this case, much more modern machines, the Typhoon family, look preferable.


      Andrey, the Typhoon family cars are very expensive for our aircraft. If the “Bulat” is modified, it will be quite suitable for mass production, due to the lower cost and a high degree of unification with KAMAZ-5350 serial trucks.
      I said in my commentary what needs to be improved at Bulat so that it meets more modern requirements for ballistic and mine protection.

      Typhoons have too expensive transmission and chassis components. In addition, they have new motors. All these units and assemblies, either completely new to our industry, or poorly mastered in production. Or even imported, which for military vehicles is categorically not acceptable.
  16. rohl 21 October 2015 01: 17 New
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    Wonderful car! But in the Urals, the roof roof space of the cabin is better. Could place something there.