They burned alive in tanks, sat for hours on radio interceptors, forced the rivers, and then, after the war, were able to live a beautiful, happy life.
Koenigsberg Russians took four days
In the autumn of 1939, Nikolai Maksimovich Krikunov was drafted into the Red Army. He started his service in Yerevan, where he acquired the profession of truck driver. WWII found him in Leninakan, from where at the end of December 1941, his part was sent to the Kerch Peninsula to the place of hostilities. Local fights were going on there, since all attention was riveted on Stalingrad. He reached Königsberg with front roads, met his brother in the front hospital shortly before his death. The victory was already near when the enemy bullet cut short the life of the brave officer Stepan Maksimovich Krikunov. On the death of his brother, Nikolai learned from the divisional newspaper.
“Goebbels shouted that Koenigsberg would not be taken by Russians for a year, but it took just a day's 4. I didn’t have to get to Berlin a bit, ”Nikolai Maksimovich complained.
Victory Day met their 21-I fighter-anti-tank artillery brigade in Konigsberg. From there, they, together with their military property, loaded into echelons and took direction to the Far East.
The defeat of Germany meant that World War II was nearing its end. The situation in the Far East has radically changed. The Japanese militarists, who still continued the war, were now in complete military-political isolation. Relentlessly approaching events foreshadowed the Far Eastern aggressor, as well as Hitler's Reich, the logical inevitable outcome - a rout and unconditional surrender.
However, Japan, although it had lost its allies, continued to actively participate in World War II. The Japanese press, Japanese propaganda hysterically urged the Japanese: “To win at whatever cost”, arguing that “our spirit is above the German!”
Along the borders with the Soviet Union, the most powerful Japanese army, the Kwantung, was located. Together with the troops located in South Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, it numbered 1,2 million soldiers and officers, about 1200 tanks, 540 guns, up to 1800 aircraft.
This army was commanded by one of the most experienced Japanese generals, Otoju Yamada.
On the border with the Soviet Union and Mongolia, the Japanese built 17 fortified areas. Each such area reached 40 kilometers in depth and 20-100 kilometers along the front. To quickly overwhelm the Kwantung Army, to break through a powerful strip of fortifications, considerable forces were required. And they already existed.
The forces of the Soviet Army together with the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Army consisted of: 1,5 million soldiers and officers, 26 thousands of guns and mortars, 5,5 thousands of tanks and self-propelled guns, over 3,8 thousands of combat aircraft.
The military campaign in the Far East lasted 24 day.
In the Far East, during the period of hostilities, Nikolai Maksimovich performed the same functions as on the German front: drove projectiles, guns. No feats made. But the order of the commander of the 21-th separate anti-tank artillery Simferopol Red Banner Brigade of the 0136 RGK from 15 June 1946, was awarded the badge "Excellent driver".
“Once,” recalls Nikolai Maksimovich, “I don’t remember in which town in the Far East we went with the commander to the market where Koreans were trading.” They gathered tomatoes, cucumbers, and garlic for a whole platoon and turned back to the food warehouse. While the car was being loaded, I asked if there were any fighters from the Rostov region? Called. I opened my mouth. So this is Ivan Anastasovich Kyslitsa! Not just from the area, but from one village. We used to live on the collective farm named after the First of May of our district before the war. That was a joy. Questioned each other. He is also a driver at the front. It still happened.
Nikolai Maksimovich was demobilized in August 1946 from South Sakhalin. He came to his native collective farm named after May Day, where he proscified up to the year 1979. He married in 1947, his wife Tatyana Andreevna bore him a son and two daughters.
His race continues
A veteran of World War II, tireless worker Nikolai Ivanovich Bandilet was born in the village of Brigadirovka, Kharkiv region 15 August 1925.
In search of a better life, his whole family moved to the village of Olginka, Aksai district, where he went to school. I just managed to finish the 5 class, as the war began (many then went to school late in life).
Few in our time who knows what a teenager to work from dawn to dawn in the village, from which all the men went to war.
Nikolai Ivanovich fought from 1943 to 1945. in the 550 Infantry Regiment, then the 342 Antiaircraft Artillery Regiment with a gun number. Awarded the medal "For Courage".
But then, in the victorious 1945 year, he could not even imagine that fate, as it were, compensating for the stern youth, would measure him to such a long, happy life.
After the war, he permanently resides with his sister Catherine and his mother, Varvara Artemyevna, to the Kirov stud farm. There, in the 4 branch, they are given a house, Nikolai Ivanovich gets a job as a shepherd, but a year later he realizes that it is not his vocation to feed the sheep.
After completing the course, he becomes a broad specialist. For many years - from 1947 to 1990 - Nikolai Ivanovich worked as a machine operator at the Kirov stud farm. He has labor awards: the Order "Badge of Honor" and the October Revolution, the medal "For Labor Valor."
With his wife, by the way, his namesake, Alexandra Romanovna, he met in 1948, they played a wedding. Lived in the 62 soul of the year. Five years ago, she was gone, Nikolai Ivanovich widowed. Together with his wife, they gave birth and raised five children: 2 sons and 3 daughters.
Nikolai Ivanovich still recalls how he took everyone in turn on a tractor to the kindergarten of the village of Voronovo. Says: “I drove for a long time - until we went to school ...”
At the end of the 70s, they were given an apartment in the village of Voronovo, where he still lives. But time flies. The children grew up and scattered who where ... To the question "How many children did you give your grandchildren to you?", He thought, answered: "And God knows him, then you can’t count ... There our great-grandchildren were born ... In general, our race lives. "
15 August - on the anniversary birthday - in the cozy home of Nikolai Ivanovich all his relatives, friends and acquaintances gathered to congratulate him and wish him health and a long long life. On this day, the employees of the Kirovsky rural settlement administration also came to give him flowers, present gifts and give letters of thanks from the Government of the region and on behalf of the head of the administration of the Tselinsky district B.N. Sorokin.
Life goes on. And the war-torn youth of Nikolai Ivanovich and his wife has now given a mighty growth - in their children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren ...
The teacher's dream to become an officer came true
Kiyashko Valentin Pavlovich is well known in Tselinsky district. 10 years he headed the Tselinsky military commissariat - from 1974 to XXUMX a year. Lieutenant colonel. With his active participation, a modern, beautiful and bright building of the military commissariat was built: at that time there were few such buildings in rural areas of the region.
A great deal of attention was paid to patriotic education, especially to pre-conscription youth and draftees. Within the walls of the military registration and enlistment office, a museum of military glory was created in the district, from which many of the recruits of Tselina and the region received a farewell statement before serving in the Soviet and Russian Army. And all this was done with the direct participation of the military commissar V.P. Kiyashko.
He, born in 1935, a six-year-old child, met the war, now recalls: “In January, 1940, the father — an officer of the Red Army — moved us from our native village in the Kuban to Western Belarus. We settled in a military town near Bobruisk, and in January 1941 moved to Eastern Poland. There we found the Great Patriotic War. ”
Little Valentine's father fell into the thick of the war, and, sharing the fate of thousands of Soviet people, in 1942 he died of starvation in a concentration camp.
Mom, who was on demolition (Lyudochka was born a month after the start of the war, July 22), with her son Valea and daughter Galya had to endure all the torment: raids aviation, hunger, unbearable conditions, while they fled from the advancing Nazis ... But still did not have time. They lived in the occupied territory in Eastern Poland and Western Belarus, until the territory was liberated by Soviet troops.
In 1953, Valentin graduated from high school in the village of Ustrobnenskaya, Krasnodar Territory, and this Kuban land remained forever in his heart and soul. Even now, with anxiety, he recalls his childhood and youth, his first and for all his love — his Lyubash Kartavin ...
After school, I had to work for a short time as a teacher of German and physics at a farm school (Ilyich farm), and then his dream came true: he followed in his father's footsteps - he entered Dnepropetrovsk Red Banner Anti-aircraft and Artillery School.
He served in Yeisk, in the Arctic (Tiksi village), in Shepetivka in Ukraine, in the Zhytomyr region. Then he graduated from the Rostov Higher Command Engineering School named after Nedelin.
Before Tselina, he headed the Shakhty city military enlistment office. Valentin Pavlovich is a sociable and talented man, a real officer, he is proud of his profession - “Protect Motherland”, with his son Sergey, grandson Gregory and his beloved granddaughter Veronica, with the blood of brave and fearless Kuban Cossacks in him.
29 August V.P. Kiyashko celebrated his significant round anniversary. He lived all his life for his country, gave her his knowledge and readiness at any moment to become a defense. He lived these years as a man with honor: boldly, with an open soul and heart.
"Listened" to the whole war
Petr Grigorievich Malashikhin was born on September 26 of 1920 in the village of Krasnoe, Krasnoselsky District, Armenian SSR. In 1927, I went to the first class of a rural school. He studied well, all subjects were given with surprising ease, but German was particularly fond of, which he began to learn in fifth grade.
The school teacher, having noticed the boy's abilities, began to study with him additionally. Peter decided to enter the pedagogical institute after graduating from school, he dreamed of becoming a teacher, but the outbreak of war confused all his plans.
January 6, 1941 Malashikhin Peter G. was called up for service as a radio operator of a torpedo boat of the 38th company of the Northern Air Force fleet. He, a Komsomol member, was entrusted with a very important service site. The young fighter, who had never seen the sea, the radio room and the receiver, on which the desk lamp and electrical panel was located, then struck everyone. The service that had begun took him a lot of energy. Had to listen to the air for days and hours. It was strictly forbidden to transmit anything without an order so that the enemy would not detect the operation of the radio and thereby not detect the presence of torpedo boats in the sea.
When the battle began, it also included a transmitter, it was necessary to receive and transmit many orders and reports, especially when several boats participated in the battle in cooperation with aviation and other fleet forces. Knowledge of German was useful. The sailor from the sailor Malashikhin was transferred to the interception radio and became the commander of the radio operator department.
In August, 1942, a detachment of torpedo boats was going to intercept a German convoy in the Barents Sea. It was then that the radio operator, who had not rested for two days, managed to make more than a dozen radio interceptions, in which the German command transmitted orders about a raid on the objects of the Main base of the Northern Fleet. Messages were immediately transmitted to headquarters.
17 August came the order of the commander of the Air Force of the Northern Fleet awarding the sailor Malashikhin Peter Grigoryevich with the medal "For Military Merit".
The war ended for the radio operator in 1947. Returning to peaceful life, he realized his dream: he entered the Saratov Pedagogical Institute, the faculty of foreign languages. When I passed the entrance exams, he was given a grade of not “five”, but “six” (according to the five-point system adopted by universities) for knowledge of the language. In 1952, he received an honors degree.
Fate abandoned him in the Rostov region, where he 33, worked as a teacher of German in Tselina schools №9 and №8. I got a family, children were born: Olga and Svetlana. He built a house, waited for his grandchildren. Thanks to the memoirs of Peter Grigorievich’s daughter, Svetlana Petrovna, he was able to restore his combat path.
At sixty, he retired, but often went to school (asked to work), kept the farm, worked hard, did not sit in one place. September 8 Peter G. G. 1997 is gone. In memory he remained a kind, sympathetic person.
17-year-old orphan went through two wars
Mikhail Vladimirovich Vorobev was born on March 12 1926, in the village of Egorlyk. Mikhail Vladimirovich’s father died in 1931, his mother - in 1935. In 9 years, Michael was left an orphan. He was sheltered by one of the families living next door. In 1943, he was called to the front, at that time he was 17 years old.
From Yegorlyk, he and the rest of the recruits were sent to Belaya Kalitva, from there, after preparation and delivery of equipment, to Stalingrad. A month later, Mikhail Vladimirovich, together with other soldiers, was sent to Penza along the Volga, where they mostly dug trenches. From the moment he arrived at the front, Mikhail served as a telephone operator.
The battalion stayed in Penza for a year - from 1943 to 1944, after which it was on the front, where the young soldier had to participate in the battle. The 40 Division, in which Mikhail served, arrived in Olonets and made peace with the Finns. Further path followed to the city of Murmansk, where Mikhail Vladimirovich served until the end of the war.
After staying at the front of 7 for years, Mikhail Vladimirovich went through the whole demobilization, during which, in the first place, the wounded were taken out, after the old men, and then the military. At the end of the demobilization in the 50-ies, namely, until that time, Mikhail Vladimirovich stayed in the city of Murmansk, several times their regiment was disbanded and re-assembled.
After the war, Mikhail Vladimirovich returned to his native Egorlyk, worked as a driver in an ambulance. In 1960, the family moved to Tselina. Now Mikhail Vladimirovich 87 years.
About the atrocities of Bandera knew firsthand
Vasily Fedorovich Taranov, a resident of the village of Levanevsky, was a soldier of that terrible war. He suffered a very difficult fate, but he survived, did not break and lived a decent life.
Vasily Fedorovich was born in the Kursk region 23 December 1916. Before the war, his family moved to the collective farm named after Gagarin - in the village of Levanevskoe. In 1938, he was drafted into the army. After serving the 3 of the year, the young soldier was already waiting for mobilization, but instead of the house he had to go to the front ... So the young soldier failed to visit his homeland.
At the front, the tanker had to take the test and heartbreak in full: he participated in the Battle of Stalingrad - in heavy defensive battles on the banks of the Volga.
The troops of the Stalingrad Front fought bloody battles for every inch of their native land. Tankers were always on the front flank and were the first to attack the Germans, and when they were forced to retreat, they were the last to retreat, covering the infantry.
In one of these battles, Vasily’s tank was shot down. Their crew was disbanded, he was transferred to serve as a rifle autoroot driver. Further, he served as an author at the 1-th Ukrainian Front. Here, Russians, Ukrainians, Belorussians, Georgians, Armenians and representatives of many other nationalities fought shoulder to shoulder. Then they were all just Soviet soldiers who were going to die for one for all the Motherland, were one close-knit family ...
After the war, Vasily Fedorovich told his children about this case:
- Once we were driving through the forest with the colonel on an important task. We had already driven half the way, when suddenly I saw black shadows to my left, which moved us across the path. It was Bandera - in black, with machine guns. They went on the road and indicated by a gesture that they should stop. I had to pretend that I had obeyed: I began to slow down slowly, and I myself began to feverishly think about how to save myself and the colonel - after all, there would be no mercy ... I slowly approached them closer, and then sharply depress the gas pedal - the car fell off, and we broke away from our pursuers. Then we were saved from imminent death - we knew about the atrocities of Bandera not by hearsay.
Basil walked to the west across the country. Budapest and Berlin remembers, remembers how civilians welcomed them, who, like him, were waiting for the desired victory.
Vasily Fyodorovich was wounded three times, the fragment remained for the rest of his life in his leg, which often became inflamed and hurt. After the war, when the regiment was disbanded, they were transferred to Moscow - to Mytishchi. There he met the love of his life - the future wife.
20 March 1946 was demobilized and almost immediately married Kristina, a native of Izhevsk. The family had four children: Anatoly, Nadia, Valentine and Lida.
Kristina Ivanovna, like everyone else, worked on the collective farm: she threw wheat and rye with chains, she ground straw, she worked on weeding the vegetable garden. And when a store was built in the village, she started working as a seller.
Before the army, Vasily Fyodorovich “turned the movie” - was a projectionist, and when he returned from the front - he went to work as a tractor driver, then worked in animal husbandry - shepherd, cattleman, and before going on a well-deserved rest he worked at a brick factory. And I didn’t sit at home in retirement - I was guarding the collective farm. Working conditions at that time were difficult, but Vasily did not look for easy work for himself.
He was glad that he was alive, that his people were close to him and that there was no longer a nightmare that he had to experience during the war years. He was a hard worker, on the farmstead contained a large part-time farm, cattle. And always had time not only at work, but at home. He was very hospitable, everyone found a kind word, he loved life.
But, unfortunately, he died in an accident in 1983.
Vasily Fedorovich had awards: “For the capture of Berlin”, “For courage”, “For the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War”, commemorative medals of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War.
For the excellent performance of tasks in the auto train for the transport of goods for the population of Budapest, he was awarded the "Bronze Medal of a Senior Sergeant"; He had a letter of appreciation from the command of the 1 of the Ukrainian Front.
He celebrated his 19 birthday in Berlin
I heard a lot of stories about the war, the fate of the soldiers of those terrible years. I want to tell more about one of our liberators - Ivan Sergeevich Denschikov.
Denshchikova called on the Tselinsky military enlistment office. He was sent to the training part of the city of Kazan - to the lake Kaban.
After the blockade of Leningrad was lifted, Ivan was sent to the city of Luga. There, he was confronted with the cruel realities of the consequences of the blockade: he recalled that he was struck by the absence of domestic animals here, even dogs and cats were not there. Everything was eaten.
Ivan Sergeevich received his baptism of fire in Poland. His battle order of the Red Star Denshchikov received for crossing the river Oder. As Ivan Sergeevich recalled: “Our people occupied a small bridgehead, but the Germans tried to throw troops into the river. The connection was lost, threatening a bad prospect. Hastily, the signalmen sent over the Oder — one by one — three boats, but the Germans lit the river with lighting bombs on parachutes — everything was visible as in the afternoon — and the mortars did their dirty deed.
The queue to be shipped reached Ivan Sergeyevich and his two 18-year-old colleagues. Before that, they caulked a wooden box in which locals carried grain. Everything that was before was repeated: we got to the middle of the river - and here the light bomb hung on a parachute. Mines rushed around, but fortunately, none of them hit, only the box overturned near the shore from the explosion. The comrades drowned (they didn’t know how to swim), and Ivan Sergeevich - lightly wounded - got out on the opposite shore. When the connection was earned, the first words of their commander, the colonel were: “Ivan, are you? Pass the phone to the captain. ”
There, on the other side, a handful of fighters beat off the German attacks. All the commanders were killed, only one senior sergeant Nazarov, a Muscovite, later, a Hero of the Soviet Union, survived.
The command took action, and the bridgehead was kept. Participants in this episode were summoned to the army headquarters, where they were presented with awards. That's how Ivan Sergeyevich was awarded the Order of the Red Star, promoted to sergeants. Ivan Sergeevich met the victory near Berlin - on this day he turned exactly 19 years.
Then - service in Germany, Poland. He was demobilized only in December 1950 of the year. Upon his return, he began working again on the collective farm, married the local beauty Nina, and had a son and a daughter. In the early sixties, on the way to rest, he was visited by a former colleague, already Colonel Nazarov, an employee of the headquarters of the Moscow Military District (senior sergeant on Oder). Lived Ivan Sergeevich 80 years.
Veterans left 2 179 people
Today in the Tselina district organization of war and labor veterans, the Armed Forces and law enforcement agencies (Rostov region), the total number of veterans of all categories and retirees by age who do not have the status of "veteran" is 7994 people; including veterans of all categories - 2179 people. Among them: 34 of the participant of the Great Patriotic War, 1471 of the veteran of labor of the Russian Federation, 556 of labor veterans of the RO, 426 of workers of the rear of the war period, 168 of widows of participants of the war, 66 of veterans of the Armed Forces, 60 of law enforcement veterans. 5 women participating in the Second World War.
The Tselinsky District Council includes 18 primary veteran organizations. Public organizations have been created and are functioning in the region: the Council of Veterans of the Navy, the Union of Pensioners, the Battle Brotherhood of Afghans, the Union of Border Guards, and Paratroopers.
From 2009 to 2015, 28 veterans and 77 widows were provided with housing. To date, 8 widows of the participants of the Second World War, who will be provided for them in the coming months, are on the housing records.
All veterans and veterans of the Second World War who live in the territory of the Tselinsky district received free cars, while those who did not want a car received monetary compensation.
Free assistance to veterans provide volunteers. The feasible assistance in home improvement was provided by the heads of enterprises and organizations.