Military Review

Brazil begins to restore superpower status

45
Echo of the Paraguay War 150 years later


The Paraguayan War became the largest international military conflict in South America in the 19th century. In Argentina and Uruguay, this war is known as the “War of the Triple Union”, as the “Big War” - in Paraguay. She lasted six years. It began in December 1864 of the year and ended only at the end of 1870 of the year, with the death of Francisco Solano Lopez, the dictator of Paraguay.

Brazil begins to restore superpower status


The main causes of the war are as follows. From the very beginning of their independence, since 1811, the Paraguayan leaders have tried not to enter into conflicts with their neighbors in the Plata region. But this policy of self-isolation ended with the coming to power of the dictator Francisco Solano Lopez in 1862. Note that in the 1864 year, the Brazilian Empire was implicated in an armed conflict in Uruguay (its former province). The Brazilian military invaded Uruguay and overthrew dictator Aguirre, party leader Blanco and ally Solano Lopez. Lopez was categorically opposed to the invasion of Brazil in Uruguay. As some Brazilian historians point out, he believed that Brazil’s next goal should be Paraguay and therefore became actively preparing for war. We also note that during this period the Brazilian empire did not have a regular army at all, but merely had a contingent of the national guard of Emperor Don Pedro the Second. This is roughly 23 of thousands of soldiers, according to Brazilian scientist Chiavenato. Therefore, Brazil at that time could not have serious plans to invade Paraguay.

Paraguay at that time was a developed country and produced, practically, everything necessary for domestic consumption. Some historians cite the desire of Paraguay to gain access to the ocean, in order not to depend on the domination and control of Argentina in the delta of the River La Plata, in the Gulf of Platino. Another version says that the British crown was not interested in the further development of Paraguay in an autonomous mode, regardless of British interests and capital, creating a negative (risky) precedent and model for other countries in the region that were already on the “needle” of British capital. , including the Brazilian Empire. In the end, the UK found a way to provoke the authorities to oppose Paraguay through a conflict with Uruguay, where the UK had a great political and economic influence.

The Paraguayan government ordered the capture of the Brazilian ship Marquês de Olinda in the port of the Paraguayan capital Asuncion, and, after that, attacked the Brazilian city of Dourados, in the province of Mato Grosso. It was a direct challenge to the start of the war. In May 1865, Paraguay also carried out several raids in the eastern part of Argentina with the aim of engaging in military action in the Brazilian province of Rio Grande do Sul. As a result, Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay created the so-called. military Triple Alliance against Paraguay.

During the fighting, which began with great superiority of Paraguay, there were tactical misunderstandings between the commanders of the armies of Brazil and Argentina. Therefore, Emperor Don Pedro the Second appointed Luis Alves Silva (the future Duquede Caxias) in 1867, to lead the Brazilian army. It was under the command of Caxias that the Brazilian army was reorganized, well equipped and more efficient. Among the important battles where the Brazilian army won, such as Humaitá, Itororó, Avaí, Angostura and Lomas Valentinas can be called. At the beginning of 1869, the Brazilian military took Asuncion, the capital of Paraguay. The war ended in March 1870, near the Andes Mountains, where the Cerro Cora battle took place, during which dictator Lopez was captured and killed.

A very painful consequence of this war for Paraguay was the loss of about 80% of the country's population, most of them men older than 20. The loss figure ranges between 300 and 800 to thousands of people. But there is no exact amount of losses. The population of the whole country then was about 1 million people. Paraguay also lost about 40% of its territory. These lands are in favor of Brazil and Argentina. Brazil occupied Paraguay, and this military presence lasted more than 10 years. Almost all of the industrial base of Paraguay was destroyed, because of which the country's economy after the war went completely to existence at the expense of agriculture and degraded. Paraguay had a huge debt to the Brazilian Empire, which was forgiven by the Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas already in the 40-s of the twentieth century. Socially and economically, Paraguay was completely broken down and fell into a big debt trap of foreign capital.

On the other hand, the war with Paraguay also left an imprint on Brazil, which also fell into debt dependence and was forced to make foreign loans, mainly from the UK. Politically, another important consequence of the war for Brazil was the accelerated modernization and institutional strengthening of the Brazilian army. Most of the officers were educated people, middle and upper classes, who were actively debating among themselves and in secular circles about the future of Brazil, about the growing social problems in the country, etc. When these officers returned to their hometowns, and to the capital of the empire, to Rio de Janeiro, almost immediately they began to demand more political rights for themselves, realizing their new status in a slave-owning, monarchical society. In the end, it was this part of the military elite that supported the liberal-republican movement, which carried out a military coup, eliminated the head of the country and declared Brazil the Republic of November 15 1889 of Brazil. In fact, it was the Paraguay War that rallied the people of Brazil. And it was after this event, the Brazilians began to feel like a single nation.

In December, 2014 was exactly 150 years from the beginning of the worst conflict on our continent, where at least 60 thousands of Brazilians died in battles and from various diseases too. And so, 150 years later. Paraguayans still feel the deep wound that remained from the war.

Today, Brazil has, as it were, two sides of relations with Paraguay. On the one hand, this is an active and growing trade balance between the two countries, which has grown in recent years by 300% and has reached 4 billion dollars. Brazil annually exports to Paraguay more than 3 billion dollars in various products and invests heavily. For example, along almost the entire Brazilian-Paraguayan border, it is Brazilians who buy land, invest big money in equipment, fertilizer and labor, develop agriculture and get big dividends. On the other hand, Paraguayans often demonstrate aggressiveness and mistrust towards Brazilians. Very often, the local population comes into conflict with the Brazilian and entrepreneurs, and even invade their private property. In Paraguay, it is believed that Brazil is an imperial neighboring country, which not only invests in the economy of Paraguay, but also exploits and constantly intervenes.

The Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Station (Itaipu - singing stone) is perhaps the biggest symbol in the relationship between Brazil and Paraguay in the postwar period. Symbol of dialogue and mutual understanding. We note that the normalization of Paraguay-Brazilian relations began only in 1941, when Brazilian President Getulio Vargas made the first official visit to Paraguay, forgave debts during the war and began the process of returning documents and trophies captured during the conflict. In 1965, the Friendship Bridge is opened in the city of Fosda Iguazu, which connects with the city of Puerto Iguazu in Paraguay. And in 1973, the Itaipu Agreement is signed for the construction of the world's largest hydroelectric power station on the border of the two countries (on the Paraná River) and with equal operating rights: 50% for Brazil and 50% for Paraguay. Also, it is in the capital of Paraguay in 1991 that the famous meeting of the four presidents of the region takes place to sign the MERCOSUR Treaty, which is a new stage in the political relations of the Southern Cone countries in South America.

But there are still unresolved issues. Paraguay demands and awaits the return of the sword of Solano Lopez and the famous Paraguayan Cannon El Cristiano, cast in bronze from various churches of the country. In the statements of politicians of Paraguay, this topic is still not forgotten, and the population of this country is very sensitive to the subject of the return of documentation and trophies. Often, Paraguayans create additional problems in cooperation with the law enforcement agencies of Brazil, in the fight against drug trafficking and traffic. weapons.

However, it is necessary to understand that Brazil is just beginning to restore its legal status as a superpower in South America. And our friends and neighbors should get used to the great hegemony of Brazil in the region. Brazil is a country that is just beginning to wake up from a long political and military hibernation.
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  1. Engineer
    Engineer 12 October 2015 14: 49 New
    61
    Restore? And when was she a superpower?
    1. hedgehog in the fog
      hedgehog in the fog 12 October 2015 14: 57 New
      21
      probably when it was a Portuguese colony or under the Indians yet, but this is a completely different story smile
      1. Eugene-Eugene
        Eugene-Eugene 12 October 2015 15: 23 New
        16
        probably when it was a Portuguese colony

        It seems that the author uses the term "superpower" in relation to South America, subtly pointing out the great importance of Brazil in the region during the war with Paraguay.

        MIKHALYCH1: how Russia will break the "backbone" of the United States!

        The backbone of the United States will break on its own when local forces supplant its influence in regions of the world. This is possible due to the rise of individual leading countries in different parts of the planet, during which the states surrounding them will be in their sphere of influence. In Southeast Asia it is the PRC, in "Little Eurasia" - the Russian Federation, in Europe - the FRG, in the Hindustan - India. In the Middle East, it is not clear who. If Syria and Yemen hold out, then Iran will have the most points. In North Africa, Egypt can achieve dominance if it does not become distracted by the Middle East. It would be timely for Brazil to finally begin to show its regional ambitions, if Argentina can start to sleep for a long time.
        1. supertiger21
          supertiger21 12 October 2015 16: 55 New
          +6
          Brazil is known for its strong football and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, but "restoring superpower status" has clearly gone too far ... belay
          1. crazyrom
            crazyrom 12 October 2015 17: 39 New
            13
            Most likely it was meant that having a huge territory, the resources of 200 millions of people, Brazil is finally moving towards becoming a superpower, which it would have had for a long time to become.

            About the Paraguayan war: I did not read the sheet in particular, but the real meaning of the war is this: Paraguay did not bend under the British, was independent and highly developed. The British incited Brazil against their neighbors, financed well and gave up arms. I do not remember for sure, but there was a provocation, such as all navigable rivers for Paraguay were closed and it remained isolated (well, like with Japan, they stopped selling oil and were obliged to go to war). An isolated Paraguay could not exist, shipping fell, and he naturally went by force to mine rivers and ports. Not that 90 was cut off, or 95% of the male population, now it is the poorest and most clumsy country in South America, American protégans are at the mercy, 4 is official currency in the country, GDP is made up of goods and drugs smuggling. The British, as always, with strange hands fuck up the country.
            1. Setrac
              Setrac 12 October 2015 18: 13 New
              +1
              According to your logic, Nigeria, Indonesia, Pakistan should also become a superpower.
            2. RUSS
              RUSS 12 October 2015 18: 30 New
              +6
              Quote: crazyrom
              resources of 200 million people


              But just how many of these millions live below the poverty line? The authorities can not only defeat poverty, but also numerous armed gangs.
      2. RUSS
        RUSS 12 October 2015 16: 25 New
        +7
        Quote: hedgehog in the fog
        perhaps when it was a Portuguese colony or under the Indians yet,

        Exactly with the Indians, in the partial territory of owls. Brazil lived Arawaki

        Arawak civilization is characterized by a highly organized society structure, its hierarchy, and also the population’s commitment to universal values ​​- for example, Arawak women had the right to refuse a man to marry, which was unheard of for the Indians, however, as for many Europeans of that time.

        The Arawak islands were divided into groups, each island in turn was divided into smaller states, ruled by tribal leaders known as Katsiks (Kassiks). These states were divided into areas where there was also a ruler; the villages entering the area also had a chapter.

        The Arawak population declined significantly when Europeans arrived in America. Smallpox and other diseases brought from Europe gave rise to epidemics among the Indians. The enslavement policy, the resettlement of families also did their job. The society of the Indians was destroyed by European expansion, however, some of the representatives survived to this day.
        It is known that most of the modern population of Puerto Rico is descended from Arawak. About 2450 purebred Arawak live now in Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana. Most of the inhabitants of Aruba, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and Haiti are descendants of the Arawaks. In the Dominican Republic it is mainly Taino, in Haiti - the Sibonei. Currently, a small number of people from Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Saint Lucia, Cuba, Grenada speak the languages ​​of ancient Arawak.

        The Arawakis were the first of the Indian tribes to meet Christopher Columbus upon his arrival in the New World. According to various estimates, during the first expedition of Columbus, the number of island Arawaks ranged from 300 to 400 thousand people, although some sources provide other figures - up to several million.

        Possessing a developed culture, the Arawak were very friendly to each other and to strangers - according to the testimony of the expedition, the Aborigines shouted to the European courts approaching their islands: “Tainos!”, Which means “peace” in the local dialect. From here came the second common name of the island Arawak tribes - Taino.

        Taino were engaged in trade, agriculture, fishing and hunting, unlike many other Indian tribes, they practically did not participate in military conflicts. The only people the Arawak warred with were the cannibals who lived in the modern state of Puerto Rico.

        With the advent of the conquerors, the Arawak state quickly fell into decay - the population was significantly reduced due to the lack of immunity to Old World diseases and armed conflicts with the Spaniards. At present, Tainos are considered extinct, although on some islands of the Caribbean, the remains of the culture of this once highly developed civilization have been preserved.
    2. avt
      avt 12 October 2015 14: 59 New
      14
      Quote: Engineer
      Restore?

      Campaign difficulties in translation, probably still BECOME. That's when the atomic aircraft carrier will also build the atomic boat, or which surface ship is 15 or more in displacement, again they will launch mice into orbit with the return. That's when we say that we have reached the level of a superpower and can enter the Big Game Players club full growth without bending or crouching.
      1. Kostyar
        Kostyar 12 October 2015 15: 16 New
        +2
        Interesting look!
        Well, at the expense of the Superpower-Regionalas they say wait and see !!!
        1. Basarev
          Basarev 12 October 2015 15: 31 New
          11
          And Brazilians are not aware that a superpower is first and foremost order and prosperity even in the most remote parts of the country. So while there are favelas, Brazil’s superpower will not become. However, this also applies to us - just look at the fattening Moscow and the impoverished rest of Russia - and you will understand.
          1. avt
            avt 12 October 2015 15: 38 New
            +4
            Quote: Basarev
            that a superpower is first and foremost order and prosperity even in the most remote parts of the country. So while there are favelas, Brazil’s superpower will not become.

            wassat Yah !? And in the USA there are no slums ?? Not - of course they are not called favelas, but how many people live in trailers? Like the gene memory of immigrants? And how many cities are really bankrupt? Of course not the Great Depression, but according to the same Americans, there are millions of beggars. And somehow nothing - a superpower in nature.
            1. anip
              anip 12 October 2015 19: 22 New
              +6
              Quote: avt
              but how many people live in trailers?

              Have you seen these American trailers? So, the living conditions there are much better than many Russians living in all kinds of guest rooms, sections, alterations.
              1. Oladushkin
                Oladushkin 13 October 2015 12: 33 New
                +1
                Right! It’s trailers under the Bushs, but under the Reagans! Now in fashion a spacious box from under the refrigerator!
          2. veksha50
            veksha50 12 October 2015 15: 48 New
            +6
            Quote: Basarev
            And Brazilians are not aware that a superpower is first and foremost order and prosperity even in the most remote parts of the country. So while there are favelas, Brazil’s superpower will not become. However, this also applies to us - just look at the fattening Moscow and the impoverished rest of Russia - and you will understand.


            Hmm ... This also applies to such countries aspiring to the title of superpowers, such as China, India, and of course - the "world hegemon" of the United States ... Everyone has enough problems and favelas ...

            But the fact that Brazil is trying to take leadership positions (at least partially) on the American continent - and hold the flag in its hands, will be another headache for the USA ... Especially if other states of the continent begin to rally around it ...
          3. ksv1973
            ksv1973 12 October 2015 16: 09 New
            0
            Quote: Basarev
            ... just look at the fattening Moscow and the impoverished rest of Russia - and you will understand.

            Yes zadolbal already, scolding Moscow !!!
            Look, in percentage terms, the number of native or at least born Muscovites "fattening" in the capital! Yes, all of the current Moscow bohemia and the highest economic plutocracy is 90% provincial scum, human rubbish that once rushed to "conquer Moscow"!
    3. Homo
      Homo 12 October 2015 15: 35 New
      +2
      Quote: Engineer
      Restore? And when was she a superpower?

      We made a mistake in translation. Most likely they wanted to say "regional leader".
    4. veksha50
      veksha50 12 October 2015 15: 37 New
      +6
      Quote: Engineer
      And when was she a superpower?



      The author of the article is an employee of the Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro ...
      As a patriot of his country, he is trying to raise its level to a superpower ... Although, in reality, it is impossible to define it higher than a regional leader ...

      Well, we should not laugh openly ... God grant us to solve our problems, and Brazil is still our BRICS counterpart in the confrontation with the USA ...

      They like to call themselves a superpower - but for God's sake ...

      Whatever the child amused, if only he would not go into an alliance with the USA ...
      1. Oprychnik
        Oprychnik 12 October 2015 18: 57 New
        +3
        "Whatever the child may amuse himself, as long as it does not go into an alliance with the United States ..."

        But it’s hard to believe. All Brazilian movements have recently been carefully monitored and analyzed by the "overseer" throughout America. I have no doubt that all possible measures will be taken from this side. The president and government are not eternal. Voters are bought. The election results are falsified. All the bright dreams of the "prominent role of the BRICS" in overthrowing the world hegemon are nothing more than a widely inflated soap bubble. Likewise, the processes in part of the rest of the BRICS members are monitored and controlled, in particular, in India and South Africa. ... One can only assume that China is not under at least partial control, but you know about Russia. We constantly complain about the liberal government and controlled by the Central Bank.
        I expressed my point of view. I know that many people think differently.
    5. demon1978
      demon1978 12 October 2015 15: 41 New
      +5
      Quote: Engineer
      Restore? And when was she a superpower?


      They mean FOOTBALL mean ??? !!! what request And the article, so, is a historical reference about the difficult Paraguayan-Brazilian life ??? !!! hi

      1
    6. fyvaprold
      fyvaprold 12 October 2015 17: 18 New
      +1
      Quote: Engineer
      Restore? And when was she a superpower?

      They took it off the tongue. Soon Sierra Leone will be registered as a "superpower". Sovereignty, perhaps, but "superpower status", with all due respect to Brazil, is nothing more than wet fantasies. Sincerely.
    7. Normal ok
      Normal ok 13 October 2015 21: 40 New
      0
      Took off the tongue.
    8. Normal ok
      Normal ok 13 October 2015 21: 40 New
      0
      Took off the tongue.
  2. MIKHALYCH1
    MIKHALYCH1 12 October 2015 14: 50 New
    +5
    Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro

    Well, the author of course turned it down ... But in fact, everything is possible, but after Russia breaks the "backbone" of the United States! ... But I doubt it very much ...
    1. Funnels
      Funnels 12 October 2015 14: 54 New
      +3
      Do you think they are already marking the place of exceptional ones?
    2. kil 31
      kil 31 12 October 2015 14: 59 New
      +4
      And what does she want to show herself as a concrete power. Their social system is weak, poor to and more. If they want militarily, then they basically buy the western one. Our MIs did not roll them because they sold their west. So to say that she is not dependent, I would not.
      1. quote
        quote 12 October 2015 15: 39 New
        0
        Quote: keel 31
        Their social system is weak, poor to and more.

        Crime, “don’t let anyone like that!” Superpower? Just power, where?
        Football "side".
  3. Ruslan
    Ruslan 12 October 2015 14: 57 New
    +7
    Of course, Paraguay remembers. I read something about this conflict. at first they drove into an angle an economic blockade, and later exterminated most of the population. But then, Paraguay was the economic leader of Latin America. no luck to them. and Brazil did not act as a superpower, but as a six of a superpower and a jackal.
  4. Maksus
    Maksus 12 October 2015 14: 59 New
    +5
    Somehow the story of Brazil-superpower passed me by. However, in the region it is a really powerful state - its own aviation and armored industry, space program. With some help from outside, it may well create a bunch of US problems on the continent.
    1. RUSS
      RUSS 12 October 2015 18: 38 New
      +3
      Quote: Maksus
      . However, in the region - this is a really powerful state - its own aviation and armored industry, space program.

      And has its own aircraft carrier "Sao Paulo"
      1. Artem25
        Artem25 13 October 2015 11: 32 New
        +1
        Former French Foch.
  5. tomket
    tomket 12 October 2015 15: 07 New
    +1
    These also went to the superpowers?
    1. anip
      anip 12 October 2015 19: 24 New
      +1
      Quote: tomket
      These also went to the superpowers?

      Laugh laugh as well the average salary in Brazil is two times higher than in Russia. Laugh on.
      1. RUSS
        RUSS 12 October 2015 21: 17 New
        +1
        Quote: anip
        Laughter, laughter, and the average salary in Brazil is two times higher than in Russia. Laugh on.

        It’s debatable, and don’t forget that in Russia at least every second salary is gray. And as I understand it, you looked at the statistics on the Internet for salaries, so there Belarus is higher than Russia in terms of salary ....
        1. anip
          anip 13 October 2015 10: 34 New
          +3
          Quote: RUSS
          It’s debatable, and don’t forget that in Russia at least every second salary is gray.

          This is who I know around me, no one has a "gray" salary. Not every second. This time.

          And here are two: if, in fact, there are so many “gray” salaries in Russia, then this clearly speaks of “getting up”, the implementation of laws in the country, the “fight” against corruption, etc.
      2. tomket
        tomket 12 October 2015 22: 38 New
        +1
        Quote: anip
        Laughter, laughter, and the average salary in Brazil is two times higher than in Russia. Laugh on.

        Not everything is measured by money. I think many have felt this recently.
        1. anip
          anip 13 October 2015 10: 35 New
          +2
          Quote: tomket
          Not everything is measured by money.

          1. Go to the store for bread without money.
          2. It is better to read this mantra to the rulers of Russia and the oligarchs, maybe they will give up their billions.

          Quote: tomket
          I think many have felt this recently.

          Precisely, felt. Especially after the collapse of the ruble, accelerated price increases, "negligence" of Serdyukov, "punishment" of Vasilyeva felt that not everything is measured by money, but only by their amount.
  6. MIKHALYCH1
    MIKHALYCH1 12 October 2015 15: 11 New
    +5
    Russia knows how to deal with the "superpowers" .. This is, alas, our historical mission .. Let's figure it out with the United States, and then Brazil.)))) laughing
    1. Sober
      Sober 12 October 2015 15: 18 New
      +1
      I begin to understand, it turns out I plus the same ones.
      1. veksha50
        veksha50 12 October 2015 15: 51 New
        +1
        Quote: Sober
        I begin to understand, it turns out I plus the same ones.



        It's called: "Sober up" ...
    2. veksha50
      veksha50 12 October 2015 15: 51 New
      +3
      Quote: MIKHALYCHXNNX
      We’ll deal with the USA, and then Brazil.))))



      Edren loaf ... And what about them for sho ??? They haven't earned it yet ... Or is it necessary to crush all the "superpowers" in the bud, so that later there will be no problems ???
    3. kil 31
      kil 31 12 October 2015 20: 12 New
      +1
      Quote: MIKHALYCHXNNX
      Russia knows how to deal with the "superpowers" .. This is, alas, our historical mission .. Let's figure it out with the United States, and then Brazil.)))) laughing

      Mikhalych if you are a football fan, then your hostility towards Brazil is understandable. Pele is not taken captive to shoot on the football field. Then Argentina, otherwise Maradona takes a lot on himself. laughing
  7. sieras
    sieras 12 October 2015 15: 17 New
    +8
    Brazil begins to restore superpower status
    yeah, carnival!
  8. A1L9E4K9S
    A1L9E4K9S 12 October 2015 15: 22 New
    +4
    Quote: MIKHALYCHXNNX
    . We’ll deal with the USA, and then Brazil.))))


    Mikhalych, ay, in my opinion you are in the wrong direction, why should we deal with our BRICS partners, we are friends with them.
    1. quote
      quote 12 October 2015 15: 45 New
      0
      Quote: A1L9E4K9S
      Quote: MIKHALYCHXNNX
      . We’ll deal with the USA, and then Brazil.))))


      Mikhalych, ay, in my opinion you are in the wrong direction, why should we deal with our BRICS partners, we are friends with them.

      Wait. This is "today". Let's wait until "tomorrow." We had "brothers" "yesterday".
  9. Berthan
    Berthan 12 October 2015 15: 59 New
    +1
    And what, one asks - should be considered the main sign super-powers? The largest: territory, population, budget, army? ... And you can still remember Muad-Dib from "Dune", with his: - "The true owner of an item is the one who can destroy it." It is believed (theoretically) that our or (and?!) SGA arsenals are enough to turn the Earth into another asteroid belt. But this is just a theory ...
    1. Hort
      Hort 12 October 2015 16: 14 New
      +1
      The Great Power is a conditional, non-legal designation of states (powers), which, due to their political influence, play a decisive role "in the system of international and international legal relations."

      The concept of "great power" became widespread after the end of the Napoleonic wars and the creation of the "European Concert" system. The phrase was introduced into scientific circulation by the German historian Leopold von Ranke, who in 1833 published a fundamental work entitled "The Great Powers" (German: "Die großen Mächte") In modern geopolitics, it is used in UN terminology (semi-officially), politicians and experts.
      Researchers usually distinguish three “dimensions” by which they assess the compliance of a power with the status of “great”:

      power of the state (its resource potential)
      “Spatial dimension”, or “geography of interests” (a criterion that distinguishes a great power from a regional one)
      status (formal or informal recognition by the state of the status of “great power”). - this is from Wikipedia, if short and simplistic.
  10. Eastern wind
    Eastern wind 12 October 2015 16: 03 New
    +3
    Once Che Guevara dreamed of reuniting South Americans, because understood that only in unity they will be able to conduct an independent policy. Apparently not destiny, because of the old Paraguayan pukalki and the ancient blunt piece of iron ... What about the Brazilian side, what about the Paraguayan ...
  11. Hort
    Hort 12 October 2015 16: 11 New
    +3
    probably a translation error, as Brazil has never been granted superpower status.
  12. sl22277
    sl22277 12 October 2015 16: 11 New
    +3
    Am I just the same, something I can’t remember when Brazil had superpower status? In some places, it simply does not pull on a sovereign power. (A superpower is a state with great political influence, with economic and military superiority over other states of the world).

  13. serverny
    serverny 12 October 2015 16: 31 New
    +4
    Mmm, how beautifully the author of the "Paraguayan dictator" sings - and it doesn't matter that the country had a real welfare state with a high standard of living in comparison with its neighbors. The "dictator" was to blame only for the fact that he led the last country independent of the Britons on the continent and did not give power to the bourgeoisie.

    And of course, the "warriors of light" under the leadership of London created a triple alliance and properly otgenocidal Paraguay, for which this war was really the Great Patriotic War.
  14. Bthuk
    Bthuk 12 October 2015 17: 17 New
    0
    Brazil is known for its strong football and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, but "restoring superpower status" has clearly gone overboard

    Why went too far? A regional superpower "like Russia" for example, quite!
  15. parusnik
    parusnik 12 October 2015 18: 46 New
    +2
    When Brazil wins the ice hockey championship, then it will become a superpower .. smile
  16. Wolka
    Wolka 13 October 2015 06: 36 New
    +1
    yes let it be a superpower, if Brazil really wants it, the main thing now is to direct its policy vector to curb the Yankees policy in the region ...
  17. Selevc
    Selevc 13 October 2015 11: 10 New
    +2
    Brazil becomes a superpower in two cases: 1. A few days a year during the Brazilian carnival. 2. And every four years during the performance of the Brazilian national football team at the World Cup !!! )))))))))))))))))))))))))
    And the rest of the time they are restored ...
  18. Mentat
    Mentat 14 October 2015 19: 17 New
    0
    Quote: anip
    Quote: avt
    but how many people live in trailers?

    Have you seen these American trailers?

    If the trailers don't impress you, check out the video and pics about the dead cities in the USA. Sobering up much better than the inhabitants of the trailers.