Staffordshire treasure and its riddles

What to say - lucky the British in terms of archeology, and how! Here you have both Stonehenge, menhirs, ancient burial mounds, and one finds more valuable than the other. Among them are the unique helmets of worldly horsemen and barbarian kings, Damascus steel swords and silver brooches of Roman legionnaires, and there’s nothing to say about the Thames, perhaps half of the most valuable swords of the Royal Arsenal were extracted from the bottom of this river! Among the finds there, gold and silver are enough, even if it is found there and not by tons or tens of kilograms, as in ancient Egypt. The British themselves, especially landowners, have long acquired detailed maps of their land plots and regularly comb them to find ancient artifacts and, I must say, very many of them are lucky!




One of the most remarkable treasures of recent times was found in Staffordshire, and immediately received the name "Staffordshire Treasure". This is one of the largest and most interesting archaeological finds in stories humanity and at the same time the largest find in the UK in terms of the amount of gold. First, the hoard contained 1500 of thousands of small parts and large items of precious metals, and then archaeologists found the second part of the hoard, at the moment the total number of finds is 3000. All this is done in the most complex technique of filigree. Scientists have counted in it more than 300 overlays on the hilt of swords, 92 tops of the hilt and 10 sheath hangers. Among all this, not a single item was found that belonged to a woman. Only three items of the finder had nothing to do with military affairs. And, again, it is surprising (although not so surprising, if you think about it!) That only the gold details of the swords were buried in the ground, and the swords themselves ... somewhere ... were “used”. The fact that the top of 92 suggests that it is the property of a whole squad, because the sword at that time was worth a fortune, especially decorated with gold. The fact that the sheath was also trimmed with gold overlays indicates that all these 92 knights were not simple people and, nevertheless, lost their swords!

Terry Herbert found this treasure - a farmer who loved to “walk” with a metal detector, and for some reason spent his search on the field with another farmer, his neighbor Fred Jones. That's how he became a happy treasure hunter and honestly got his 50% earned from the value of the find. Now it was necessary to find out how much all these treasures are worth. An independent commission appointed by the Minister of Culture was to evaluate all these items of this warehouse, which many museums wanted to acquire. After the completion of the expert assessment, the commission determined its value in 3 million 285 thousand pounds sterling. Each of the farmers received 1 million 6425 thousand pounds, not taxable, which caused in the country an unprecedented boom and demand for metal detectors of very different power.

Staffordshire treasure and its riddles


This treasure found the 5 July 2009 of the year, but this treasure stayed in the ground 1300 years. But that treasure still has a lot of mysteries to which there is still no answer. The scientists agreed only that the treasure was hidden in the 7-8 century. Who and why has buried such an amount of gold in the ground is not clear; it is also not clear why the treasure was buried so shallowly.



The Staffordshire treasure was most like a sacrifice. According to legend, the ancient Germans hid such things in the ground in order to open the way to the world of the dead, in order to atone for their sins in this way. In this case, it must be said that the owner of this treasure sinned a lot and, moreover, was an obvious pagan.

Scientists relate the Staffordshire treasure to the famous masterpieces of British art. According to experts, these hats, dishes and jewelry should belong to the Anglo-Saxon elite. Well, most items are dated 7 century.

The total amount of gold was 5 kilograms, and silver 2,5 kilograms. Also next to this treasure were the bones of a young warrior, they lay there for 13 centuries. The warrior had a broken jaw, a cervical vertebra, he was also hit on the head, and the total number of blows in total was 33. That is, they beat him for a long time and with taste! And it is very unfortunate that we will never know what relation he had to this treasure. Well, these treasures themselves were bought by the art museum of Birmingham, as well as the museum of pottery art and an art gallery.



Scientists believe that gold in these places came from Byzantium. As a result of research findings from pomegranate, scientists found that the products were made tools that 1300 years. Also, these tools were found in 150 kilometers from the treasure. Where Terry found the treasure, scientists continued to search for something that would somehow help them understand why the treasure was buried here. During geophysical analysis, they found a curved line in the same place where the treasure was discovered. But, alas, they found nothing there. The conclusions from the study of the treasure have been made a lot, but so far (if not forever!) They are very superficial.

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For example, it is obvious that the pendant in the shape of a skate was made by a very skilled craftsman, since its size did not exceed four centimeters. There were also two crosses and a plate of gold with two eagles, which were separated by fish, and on which was a quote from the Bible.

Christianity in Britain came along with the Roman conquerors. But as soon as their power began to fade, Christianity also began to give up. But in the era of the Anglo-Saxons, it was revived thanks to the missionaries, many of whom came from Ireland or from Europe. The specialist in popular religion of the Anglo-Saxons K. Jolly writes: "Conversion was perceived as a spiritual battle." Where war is, there is also a battle for souls. Crosses in it were of great importance and acted as important combat symbols, including in battles, where they overshadowed the fighting soldiers. Of the two crosses found in the treasure, one is of particularly great interest: it was quite intentionally bent and folded, like many other Staffordshire subjects. Perhaps, it was done on purpose, in order to “kill” the fighting power of this cross, which was sent to him from heaven?



This version seems to be even more convincing if we consider the gold plate, which has just appeared here, also folded in half. On both sides of the plate was the same verse from the Bible. It was obviously taken from the so-called Vulgate, the Bible translated into Latin, and it may be that it was a kind of a talisman, a defensive spell. Apparently, even those items from this treasure that seem not directly related to arms, could be assistants on the battlefield, as they had magical properties in the eyes of those people.



Someone hid so much treasure, and for what reasons. The place for the treasure could not have been chosen by chance, perhaps it was then quite deaf - or, on the contrary, well visible. Maybe he was somehow even flagged to be found later — or, on the contrary, they brought treasure to the gods, and hurried to sweep away all possible traces to him. Well, they could have buried anything: a ransom, a war trophy, or even an offering to the gods. Perhaps in a later era, someone hid the Anglo-Saxon family heirlooms in this cache.

We know that once on the spot where Lichfield stood, a bloody battle took place and it may very well be that they were her trophies that were buried in the ground ... with different goals that we can imagine. However, the most important thing in this case is that they were buried at all, and then found, and today we can admire these products of the ancient masters.
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  1. kind 4 November 2015 07: 37 New
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    As a result of studies of finds from pomegranate, scientists found that the products were made by tools that are 1300 years old. Also, these tools were found 150 kilometers from the treasure.

    This is how they found tools 150 kilometers from the treasure? There is an obvious typo, maybe 150 meters! ??
    1. Gorinich 4 November 2015 09: 14 New
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      Not just a typo, but not a match because: “Scientists believe that gold came to these places from Byzantium. As a result of research of garnet findings, scientists found that the items were made by tools that are 1300 years old. Also, these tools were found in 150 kilometers from the treasure "

      What d-hooray will bring so much gold to Britain in order to make something out of it there. Personally, it seems to me that this is just a way to launder money and gold is exported most likely in a niche time ...
      1. kalibr 4 November 2015 15: 55 New
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        You see, the first thing that is done when finding such a treasure is the SPECTRAL ANALYSIS of metal, so that you know exactly where it comes from. There are maps of typological finds of bronze, iron and gold items on the territory of England with an indication of the typical composition of objects. Thus, it is determined by what time and place it belongs. Nobody needs fakes of such value! You see, smart people are deceiving the poor, which is typical for Russia, but in England this has not been rolling for a long time ...
        1. Gorinich 4 November 2015 19: 49 New
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          Of course they are, no one argues. But the one who sets himself the goal of making a fake also understands this.
          The setting of this “case” itself “kills” me. Someone bought a large consignment of gold in Byzantium, transported it for more than a thousand kilometers. There he made weapons and utensils. Armed with these weapons a certain number of people. Then he took these gold items from these people, gathered them in a heap and buried them. Logic in my personal opinion is zero.
          1. kalibr 4 November 2015 20: 51 New
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            This is just another time and says that this is not a fake. If the logic is zero, then the chain of events developed in a natural way. If the logic is artificial, then there is a “fake”.
          2. marline 5 November 2015 12: 00 New
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            Quote: Gorinich
            Logic in my personal opinion is zero.

            And what is no logic here? Most likely, weapons were bought, but even if gold ... In England, they didn’t mine gold, so any gold products are made from purchased. Rather, it would be surprising if they were made from "English" gold, of which there are 5 tons on all the islands.
          3. Aljavad 5 November 2015 21: 51 New
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            Someone bought a large consignment of gold in Byzantium, transported it for more than a thousand kilometers. There he made weapons and utensils. Armed with these weapons a certain number of people. Then he took these gold items from these people, gathered them in a heap and buried them. Logic in my personal opinion is zero.


            For example. (I fantasize) The Scandinavian squad, having served the basileus, returned home “in chocolate”. Bored and went to Britain in full force. Unsuccessfully. She stayed there. Or paid off to this heap of redheads. And the blades themselves were synchronized for future exploits.
            1. marline 6 November 2015 08: 47 New
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              Well, something like that ... You can fantasize a lot of things, the truth is hardly when we find out ... (if we only invent a time machine).
      2. marline 5 November 2015 11: 43 New
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        Quote: Gorinich
        Personally, it seems to me that this is just a way to launder money and gold is most likely exported in our time ...

        Yeah, like from Istanbul in a cast ... And then the famous phrase in English follows: "Chef, everything is gone, the cast is removed, the client leaves." fellow
        Good Soviet cinema, comedy ... is it worth it to believe ??? Although, if you believe in a worldwide conspiracy of historians ........
    2. Sweles 4 November 2015 09: 18 New
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      Here you have them and Stonehenge, and menhirs, and ancient mounds, and finds one more valuable than the other





      Yes, a lot of falsity and a lot of fakes and what is real there, and what a scam for a big-eared tourist you won’t understand.
      1. DEMENTIY 4 November 2015 09: 45 New
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        Quote: Sveles
        Yes, a lot of falsity and a lot of fakes and what is real there, and what a scam for a big-eared tourist you won’t understand.


        Extremely interesting photos! Is it possible to ask you for a source? hi
        1. Sweles 4 November 2015 10: 30 New
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          Quote: DEMENTIY
          Quote: Sveles
          Yes, a lot of falsity and a lot of fakes and what is real there, and what a scam for a big-eared tourist you won’t understand.


          Extremely interesting photos! Is it possible to ask you for a source? hi


          Yes, no problem you type in the search engine "falsification of Stonehenge" and a couple of hundred links you are provided for example

          http://www.liveinternet.ru/users/4489288/post241213509/

          the most nasty thing in all these stories is that unscrupulous but high-ranking falsifiers destroy the REAL HISTORY, of course there was something there, but what was originally we will never know, everything is cleared.
          1. DEMENTIY 4 November 2015 13: 35 New
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            Quote: Sveles
            no problem...


            Thanks for the link! hi

            Damn inspired by creativity! laughing
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        2. kalibr 4 November 2015 10: 45 New
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          Source - the site of the museum, which is now put a treasure. There are a lot of things, more than here. But the address of the site, I now will not give, just did not save. Tatiana does not know him either.
          1. saygon66 4 November 2015 15: 42 New
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            - www.birminghammuseums.org.uk/bmag
        3. saygon66 4 November 2015 15: 08 New
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          - National Jiogrefic has several films - "Saxon Gold New Secrets Revealed", and an article on the Russian version of the channel: "Gold of the English Lords"
  2. Pers314 4 November 2015 07: 50 New
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    The same garbage - as with the "Gold of Schliemann" and the "Shroud of the Lord." All years and millennia are far-fetched.
    1. kalibr 4 November 2015 15: 58 New
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      And with Schliemann's gold, there is also no bullshit. Bullshit only to the heads! Go to the site of the Pushkin Museum, look at the floors and there will be all his Schliemann’s treasures, for each passport and everything else.
      1. Basil50 5 November 2015 16: 37 New
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        Schliemann was a thief when he fled with money, then, on the advice of experienced gentlemen who created fortunes in the colonies, he legalized the stolen goods through archeology. I bought * antique * created a treasure and successfully found it.
        1. marline 5 November 2015 17: 04 New
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          Quote: Vasily50
          Schliemann was a thief ...

          Where can I find criminal case materials?
          You see, I’m asking what, after a rain on Thursday, one grandmother told me that a person hiding on the VO under the nickname “Vasily50” is a thief, he has billions of billions ... so I DO NOT BELIEVE her ... she has bad evidence .. . What about you? wink
          1. Basil50 5 November 2015 21: 32 New
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            The statement of the Russian Tsar to the request to forgive Schliemann, and not to persecute: * Will return, hang *. Be interested in documents sometimes, get a lot of pleasure.
            It’s a pity that they destroyed my * state *, * healed * my billions.
            1. marline 6 November 2015 09: 07 New
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              Quote: Vasily50
              The statement of the RUSSIAN tsar is known ...

              I don’t know ... and I didn’t ask for someone to make statements there, but for specific materials, for a specific criminal case. No need to spread our thoughts on the tree ...
              PS I also know a lot of statements of our emperors, for example, Empress Catherine about Kem ... yes, here's the trouble, often it's just a funny joke ...
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          3. Mwg
            Mwg 7 November 2015 12: 34 New
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            Dear Merlin, and you do not play the children's game "I believe - I do not believe", but read about Schliemann, but from various sources. And all your questions will disappear. Another thing, if you are keen on trolling, then yes, you can, of course, require references, presentation of criminal cases, evidence of the authenticity of the materials and blah, blah, blah .....
            1. Basil50 7 November 2015 15: 17 New
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              Sorry about the joke removed, it describes the situation more accurately than the ordinary * trolling *.
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            3. marline 7 November 2015 16: 46 New
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              Quote: MVG
              Dear Merlin, and you do not play the children's game "I believe - I do not believe", but read about Schliemann, but from various sources. And all your questions will disappear ...

              Dear Valery, don’t tell me what to do and I won’t tell you where to go.
              Regarding Schliemann, do you know the phrase “presumption of innocence”? So, until the guilt has been proved in court, a person is not a criminal ... And yes, your advice is to poke your finger on the Internet (despite the fact that you yourself cannot provide serious materials), it only says that you have nothing to say / write, so go to the garden ...
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  3. Utlan 4 November 2015 08: 33 New
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    when our land will give back the treasure hidden by our ancestors! we have it buried so much in the country that it’s enough for another gold reserve.
    1. _KM_ 5 November 2015 10: 44 New
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      Quote: Utlan
      when our land will give back the treasure hidden by our ancestors! we have it buried so much in the country that it’s enough for another gold reserve.


      Historians say that little is buried. Because the bulk of the population was not poor, but simply a beggar.
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  4. parusnik 4 November 2015 10: 08 New
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    History knows how to keep its secrets and the mystery of the Staffordshire treasure, we won’t even know .. Although the key lies somewhere on the surface .. Thank you for the article, very interesting photos ..
    1. Turkir 4 November 2015 10: 16 New
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      Thank you for the article, very interesting photos ..

      I join your opinion.
      The photos are gorgeous. The article is interesting.
  5. Basil50 4 November 2015 13: 18 New
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    The most famous treasure hunter Francis Drake, he found so much that at once he became a knight and an admiral. There are always puzzles with treasures, as well as with treasure hunters. There is * a tearman * of Troy, to legalize the stolen, he started excavations and found * Troy's gold *, now a respected * archaeologist *, and not a thief. Or remember the story of the * Piltown man, by which Conan Doyle joked. In general, there are many examples for all cases. And it’s right that the attitude towards them is cautious, no one wants to become a laughing stock later, but with the support of the state various profitable archaeological * finds * appear. How are the British different from the Egyptians? They also want to be ancient and founders of humanity. Technologies for the production of antiquities have long been known. This is possible only when filtering finds, while * inconvenient * finds are hidden in storage, or even destroyed. So there are * artifacts * that do not fit into the long story approved by the majority * of the scientific community *. It turns out that history is determined by * voting * among scientists, and the majority * determines the path of mankind * that does not fit in, it is simply discarded and defamated. It is from here that the legs of the antiquity of China and other theories of human development grow.
  6. saygon66 4 November 2015 14: 21 New
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    - Marauder ... how to give a drink ... The deceased only had time to light up the good ... then he was beaten smile
    - Looks like he stole trophies and wanted to go on the run ...
    1. stroybat ZABVO 4 November 2015 14: 38 New
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      I like your version. So they beat not with taste but with bitterness .....
      1. saygon66 4 November 2015 15: 18 New
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        - They thoroughly, frankly, beat ... So only their own can! smile
        - In the English documentary they showed the bones of the poor fellow - to smithereens just ...
        1. alex-cn 5 November 2015 12: 14 New
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          Perhaps not a marauder. The fleeing unit hides and discards everything that is possible ... gold - especially. But he left swords for himself. You can survive with a sword, and come for gold later.
  7. Nross 4 November 2015 17: 43 New
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    Who and why buried such an amount of gold in the ground is not clear, it is also not clear why the treasure was buried so shallow.


    Elementary Watson. This is not a sacrifice. Wealthy fighters of the squad went into battle, and if they were lucky, they planned to return for tops and valuable regalia. This is not uncommon: you hope for the best, but it turns out as always.
    Either these are trophies that the soldiers removed from the dead, but were afraid to carry on themselves, and then, again - did not return from the battle. They even left one to guard ....
  8. Riv
    Riv 5 November 2015 09: 48 New
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    The version of the rigging of the Staffordshire treasure, as far as I know, does not hold water. First: the dating of products and their origin are not in doubt. To pick up such a collection for a falsifier is hardly realistic. Rather, he would try to sell the rarities separately. Secondly: the presence of a corpse over a treasure also fits into the picture. This was often done, even in Russia and in much later times. The age of the bones also dates quite accurately.

    Well, then - space for imagination. For example, you can recall that since the time of Julius Caesar, the decoration of weapons with jewels was welcomed in Roman legions. The reason is trivial: a legionnaire would have thrown a sword with overlays of gold and silver when fleeing last. Perhaps the Staffordshire treasure is the “legacy” of some of the legions? The Romans left Britain 400 years before the manufacture of the items found in the treasure, but the British mercenaries were very quoted in Europe. Perhaps one of the mercenaries, or a group of them "rose" as a result of successful battles and trade in Byzantium. Or vice versa: the mercenaries served in the army of Charlemagne, who just very successfully fought with the Byzantines and eventually restored the Western Empire. Also, after a successful battle, one could get rich in one fell swoop. Bent products also indirectly indicate this. The golden cross in the photo in the article most likely just hit and bent.

    In general, most likely there were no large-scale battles in the area near the treasure. The local people at that time were simply poor and there was nowhere to take such an amount of gold. The mercenaries simply returned from the service, hid the savings, and then they "dispossessed" them themselves. But the treasure remained lying.
  9. Reptiloid 5 November 2015 16: 45 New
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    Enamel in gold, or maybe stone, mosaic - stone. It’s a pity, I couldn’t increase small gold things, droplets. It can turn out to be small complex figures.
    Thank you very much for the article and the photo.
  10. Aljavad 5 November 2015 21: 39 New
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    the treasure contained 1500 thousand small parts


    belay 1 500 000 - one and a half million ????? !!!! request
  11. Aljavad 5 November 2015 22: 00 New
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    The article is a plus! Write more, Tatyana! Thank.
  12. Reptiloid 5 November 2015 23: 09 New
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    The bottommost picture is a cross. It is obtained from gold threads - the ropes are arranged in circles. This is very interesting because the temperature should be appropriate. The second shot from the bottom is a bracelet? It has one side as if it were knitted fabric, I applied the tablet to different shirts. It turns out from the threads weaved or else somehow weaved or something.
    As you know, in the "Special Pantries" there are decorations from very small details. Here and think about the ancient people "shto hosh"
  13. Reptiloid 6 November 2015 08: 51 New
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    Many archaeologists were accused of theft. Thompson, Belzoni. Thompson was judged by the Mexican government, seized artifacts, seized his land holdings in Mexico, even ceased to mention his discoveries. The fate of different archaeologists who found the treasures is very interesting. The topic of thefts is also interesting. artifacts.
    And the pendant reminded me of an image of an ancient animal considered extinct --- Protoceratops.
    In fact, I have been dreaming of gold treasures all night today.