Military Review

Innovation day of the Southern Military District: Tiger armored car

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Since the middle of the last decade, the Russian industry has been building cars of the Tiger family. Within the framework of a single line based on common ideas and aggregates, several types of automotive vehicles of various purposes with different characteristics are built. Such equipment is supplied to the armed forces and the Ministry of the Interior of Russia, as well as to some foreign customers. During the recent exhibition “Day of Innovations of the Southern Military District”, the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Internal Affairs presented at once two armored vehicles “Tigr” used in their divisions.


The armored vehicles of the Tiger family are designed to perform various tasks related to the transport of people or small loads. Thus, this technique can perform the functions of transport, as well as carry out patrols of specified areas or escort convoys. Machines of the family have a similar design and a number of unified units, but differ in some nodes, primarily types of buildings. Such a modular architecture allows a potential customer to choose the machine that best meets their requirements.

An armored car GAZ-233014 "Tiger" was created for the armed forces of Russia. The main feature of this machine is the armored case, welded from sheets of thickness 5 mm. In order to ensure a high degree of unification of different machines of the family, the housing is performed as a separate module mounted on the chassis. The used armor corresponds to 3 protection class by domestic standards. Thus, the power plant and the crew are protected from bullets of machine guns of caliber up to 7,62 mm (without armor-piercing cores).



Army "Tiger" is equipped with a Cummins B205 diesel engine with 205 horsepower. It is also possible to use the GAZ-562 motor with an 110 horsepower. The engine is mated to a manual transmission and transmission, transmitting torque to all four wheels. The engine provides maximum speed on the highway about 125 km / h. The gross weight of the machine is 7,2 t, of which 1,2 t falls on the load.

The GAZ-233014 armored car has six crew seats and a landing force. Two are located in the front of the cabin, the rest - in the middle and rear. Four chairs are installed at the sides. In the army configuration, the armored car has two side doors and one hinged aft door. A sunroof is also provided, on which there are attachments for installation weapons. The review is provided with a large windshield and several windows in the sides and stern doors.

The units of the Ministry of the Interior procure and use a version of an armored car called GAZ-233036 SPM-2. This machine has about the same purpose as the army "Tiger", but adjusted for the specifics of the work of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. In addition, the "Tigers" in the army and police performance differ in some design features. In particular, the Interior Ministry wished to receive an armored car with a high level of protection.

Modification SPM-2 is equipped with a diesel engine Cummins B205 or ЯМЗ-5347-10 with power up to hp 205. By preserving the basic indicators of weight, a police armored car has approximately the same mobility characteristics as its army "colleague." The maximum speed on the highway reaches 125 km / h. Load capacity up to 1,2 t.

The main difference between "Tigers" for the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Internal Affairs is the hull design. In the GAZ-233036 version, the machine is equipped with an armored hull welded from sheets of 7 mm thickness. Such a body corresponds to the 5 class of protection and ensures the safety of the crew when firing from 7,62 mm machine guns using armor-piercing ammunition or rifles of the same caliber with non-armored bullets.

Also, SPM-2 differs from GAZ-233014 by the presence of two hatches in the roof, embrasures in bulletproof windows and a more spacious fighting compartment. A police armored car can carry up to eight people, including the driver.

To date, several modifications have been developed armored vehicles "Tiger", which are mass-produced and supplied to customers, both Russian and foreign. From time to time new exhibitions of using armored cars are demonstrated at various exhibitions. For example, not so long ago a version of the machine with the Kornet anti-tank missile system was presented. Several such armored vehicles took part in the Victory Parade on Red Square 9 in May of this year.

At a recent exhibition in Rostov-on-Don, two armored cars were shown in simpler configurations. Thus, an exhibition model of the army GAZ-233014 received a Pecheneg machine gun mounted on the hatch mounts, and the police GAZ-233036 was not equipped with any of its own weapons at all. Other design features of these machines can be seen in our photo review.


The armored car attracted the attention of visitors - all the time in the cockpit were occupied by interested people.



Characteristic grille and "kenguryatnik"



The engine is designed to protect the body.



Armored car is convenient for embarkation and disembarkation



The driver's door. All mechanisms are removed under the decorative panel.



Shutter on the window commander door



Driver's seat





The back of the car from different angles



Shantsevy instrument transported on the right side



Exhibition "Tiger" is armed with a machine gun on a special installation of the hatch



Manhole cover consists of two parts



Character wheel hub





Policeman "Tiger" version SPM-2


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  1. tchoni
    tchoni 13 October 2015 07: 08 New
    +6
    Well, what can I say ... Manufacturers, unfortunately, are trying to make a rhinoceros from a bulldog by installing all kinds of guns and machine guns on it to carry people originally intended. It seems to me that it would be more reasonable to attend to the creation of a more secure version for 4-6 people for the army. And for this, if we don’t want to get fat over 10 tons, I’m afraid I will have to return to the idea of ​​the bearing body ..
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 13 October 2015 07: 58 New
      +3
      getting fat is the load on the chassis, initially not calculated for this weight ...

      additional ... protection of the bottom, on the mine resistance + version 6x6, for mounting various weapons and equipment ....
      1. cth; fyn
        cth; fyn 13 October 2015 11: 14 New
        +4
        And op! Yes, yes! we returned to the armored personnel carrier.
    2. Forest
      Forest 13 October 2015 11: 42 New
      +4
      So this is an armored personnel carrier. The specifics of the application are different compared to heavier machines.
      1. cth; fyn
        cth; fyn 13 October 2015 12: 20 New
        +3
        Only the same eighty is smaller in size and twice as easy, which gives a margin for increasing the reservation, in addition, there is a place for a combat module, I don’t know that the GAZ is lost, if the internal space in the car were increased, armor would increase to 20 tons, the engine would be put in more powerful, they smashed mine protection from foamed armored aluminum, there would be beauty, and the engine, like cattle, had two ars, well, finally, there would be beauty.
        1. tchoni
          tchoni 13 October 2015 20: 35 New
          +2
          Quote: cth; fyn
          Only the same eighty is smaller in size and two times easier,

          Forgive me, what are you comparing with? with a "tiger" which weighs 8 tons or with a "typhoon"?
          Quote: cth; fyn
          besides, there is a place for a combat module, I don’t know that the GAS is lost, if we had increased the internal space in the car, increased armor to 20 tons, put the engine more powerful, absorbed mine protection from foamed armored aluminum, there would have been beauty, and there were two engines like cattle ar placed, well finally beauty would be.

          And you forgive me about this? About upgrading 80ki?
          1. cosmos111
            cosmos111 13 October 2015 21: 02 New
            0
            Quote: tchoni
            with a "tiger" which is 8 tons

            it is possible to enhance the mine protection of the "Tiger" without significant weight gain ....

            and development / patents-OUR domestic ...

            To solve this problem, the mine protection of the vehicle, containing a protective screen consisting of a number of plates made in the form of pallets, and having mounting and fastening elements, is additionally equipped with side shields and end protective elements, the pallets are made in a rounded shape with reinforcing ribs ...

            The combination of these design solutions allows you to provide a high level of protection for units and habitable compartments from the bottom of the car by reducing the energy of the shock wave from the explosion.
            http://poleznayamodel.ru/model/12/124381.html

          2. cth; fyn
            cth; fyn 14 October 2015 12: 48 New
            0
            I read it, I just read a few almost the same at the same time, of course with the typhoon.
            There is not 80, but a new machine, the heiress of a glorious unit.
        2. Forest
          Forest 14 October 2015 13: 58 New
          0
          Actually, the APC has a different task, and the Boomerangs will go to replace it. The tiger is an analogue of UAZ. So why should UAZ sculpt it all?
    3. Juborg
      Juborg 13 October 2015 15: 04 New
      +5
      Tolley the article is old, or the author is confusing something. American engines stopped supplying us at the end of 2012. So what kind of American engines are we talking about? The GAZ engine is installed only on the unarmored version of the car. Today, the "Tigers" are powered by YaMZ engines, only their torque is too small. And one more thing, the less the weight of the car, the less resistance to explosions. Therefore, I think the plant found the middle, making something averaged between LSHA and armored personnel carriers. and machine guns, this is optional on request. They ate to compare "Tiger" with its average price of 300 thousand, the same Iveco for a million, then ours is beyond competition, especially since the Italians did not show themselves very well in Afghanistan.
      1. DarkMatter
        DarkMatter 13 October 2015 22: 25 New
        +3
        The article is old, or the author is confusing something.

        Exactly. As if they found the article of 2010 and copied, the information is specifically outdated. The same is true of other articles about Typhoons, for example. Machines with YaMZ engines go to the troops, and not the Tigers, but the Tigers-M, on the hood you can easily distinguish.
        I don’t understand what happened during the day of innovation, junk drove it, and even Lynx in the same place, some kind of tin fool

  2. Belousov
    Belousov 13 October 2015 07: 53 New
    +1
    Unfortunately, we have no experience in the development of such machines, for example, unlike tanks and aircraft. But I think this is a profitable business.
  3. nazar_0753
    nazar_0753 13 October 2015 08: 03 New
    +2
    Army "Tiger" is equipped with a Cummins B205 diesel engine with 205 horsepower. It is also possible to use the GAZ-562 motor with an 110 horsepower. The engine is mated to a manual transmission and transmission, transmitting torque to all four wheels. The engine provides maximum speed on the highway about 125 km / h. The gross weight of the machine is 7,2 t, of which 1,2 t falls on the load.

    The units of the Ministry of the Interior procure and use a version of an armored car called GAZ-233036 SPM-2. This machine has about the same purpose as the army "Tiger", but adjusted for the specifics of the work of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. In addition, the "Tigers" in the army and police performance differ in some design features. In particular, the Interior Ministry wished to receive an armored car with a high level of protection.

    Modification SPM-2 is equipped with a diesel engine Cummins B205 or ЯМЗ-5347-10 with power up to hp 205. By preserving the basic indicators of weight, a police armored car has approximately the same mobility characteristics as its army "colleague." The maximum speed on the highway reaches 125 km / h. Load capacity up to 1,2 t.

    Well, why is the army modification equipped with a foreign-made engine? Why can’t you put the same Russian motor as on the modifications for the Ministry of Internal Affairs?
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. gjv
      gjv 13 October 2015 13: 36 New
      +3
      Quote: nazar_0753
      Why is the army modification equipped with a foreign engine? Why can’t you put the same Russian motor as on the modifications for the Ministry of Internal Affairs?

      The YaMZ-5347-10 engine is aggregated with the clutch MF362 German company "ZF Sacks AG."
    3. kamil_tt
      kamil_tt 13 October 2015 14: 47 New
      +1
      because it is 2 times weaker and will not pull the armored body
      1. Makcaga
        Makcaga 13 October 2015 17: 07 New
        0
        This is the topic to the fact that we do not have a normal, modern diesel engine! :(
    4. Makcaga
      Makcaga 13 October 2015 17: 04 New
      0
      ))) GAZ car for the army and the Ministry of Internal Affairs with the American Cummins engine !!!
      1. kamil_tt
        kamil_tt 13 October 2015 19: 20 New
        +1
        over time, they will establish the production of its modified copy in the Russian Federation, under its own brand. everybody does it
  4. erased
    erased 13 October 2015 08: 42 New
    +4
    Now different manufacturers are exhibiting their cars of the same class. The same Typhoon, LSA. But for the army you need to choose only one car. Which will be tested according to the requirements of the army. I do not think that the army will take something that breaks through a bullet of 7,62 x 54. That is, not lower than class 6a. But it is up to them to decide. Worse, if different types of cars go into operation, then you can forget about unification, which means that you can forget about the acceptable price of service.
    So in order:
    - tanks T-72, T-80, T-90,
    - BTR-70, BTR-80, BTR-82,
    - BMP-1, BMP-2, BMP-3,
    - turntables Mi-24, Mi-35, Mi-28, Ka-50/52
    - self-propelled guns Acacia, Msta,
    - assault rifles from AK-74 to AK of the hundredth series,
    - similar cars of different classes.
    Apparently, this is not a complete list. But the conclusion is simple - too large a nomenclature. And dear. And the concept of "careful economical attitude" to the people's dough is somehow not visible.

    A good new technique is always needed. It is a fact.
    1. Themi30
      Themi30 13 October 2015 10: 43 New
      -1
      All this, examples of the development of weapons, and not an indicator of inefficiency. Do you think you need to write off all the t-72s and buy 15000 t-90s? So do you think it will be economical?
      1. erased
        erased 13 October 2015 10: 53 New
        0
        Firstly, please contact me on "you". You and I, my dear, did not graze sheep together and did not drink in the gateway.
        Secondly, it is not about what to throw away and what to buy, but about unification and work in this direction. The choice of basic equipment is for specialists, that is, for the army. As well as control over the rational use of finance by the government.
        Thirdly, the development of weapons and the simultaneous adoption of the same type of equipment are not the same thing.
        Dixi.
        1. The comment was deleted.
          1. erased
            erased 13 October 2015 16: 18 New
            0
            Which is not surprising, I don’t drink, and unfortunately I don’t know how to graze sheep, but I turn as I see fit for myself.


            What do you think is your problem. My communication with you is over, because I do not want to communicate with ignoramus and rude.
            1. Themi30
              Themi30 13 October 2015 16: 42 New
              0
              I don’t communicate with you people who use loud and empty phrases, all the more, they carry untrue information. I see no reason to respect the unknown balabol.
  5. da Vinci
    da Vinci 13 October 2015 09: 10 New
    +2
    Innovation - 2005 of production ... lol
  6. Koh
    Koh 13 October 2015 10: 42 New
    +3
    Thank you for the article !
  7. Alexey-74
    Alexey-74 13 October 2015 11: 06 New
    +1
    When the "Tigers" enter the troops en masse, I think that the shortcomings will be on the face, which will be eliminated along the way, in any case I want to hope so ...
  8. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 13 October 2015 11: 14 New
    0
    Plastic is clearly not the kind of material that was worth lining the doors. Because it burns. Really not found non-combustible materials?
    1. kamil_tt
      kamil_tt 13 October 2015 14: 48 New
      +2
      for example?) again, just not burning plastic, like in submarines
  9. Dimon-chik-79
    Dimon-chik-79 13 October 2015 14: 18 New
    0
    In my opinion, for the police, he may be the very thing, but not the best option for the army, that is, in general, not an option. It is sewn from AK, there is no mine protection, especially with this flat bottom, the shooter in this car should be a kamikaze without much chance of survival. There is also the same type of "Lynx" for what it is produced adds a motley picture of everything armored (Typhoons, Typhoons, Bulats, Shots, Vodniki, Scorpions, Wolves, Bears, etc., etc.) that they did not create, but there is nothing never came.
    They created their Hamer when they refuse it.
    1. kamil_tt
      kamil_tt 13 October 2015 14: 56 New
      +2
      in the photo there is an armored car and mrap, and the Tiger is a light car, not intended for the front edge. different specifics and destinations, you can’t constantly move on an armored personnel carrier, especially in the city and in the rear + high cost and visibility, significant transportation restrictions, and a clumsy and no less expensive MRAP is not needed during the offensive and so on. Tiger analogue of HMMWV, m-atv and the like
      1. Dimon-chik-79
        Dimon-chik-79 13 October 2015 15: 19 New
        -2
        About the safety of movement in the rear, and even more so in the city, those who fought in Iraq or Afghanistan will listen with pleasure, the Syrians will be interested in the same
        1. kamil_tt
          kamil_tt 13 October 2015 19: 23 New
          +1
          Well, in principle, for safety reasons, you can also ride on the T-14 for bread) but try moving around the modern city on an armored personnel carrier without crippling people, cars and buildings, dropping into alleys, etc., in addition, a modern MRAP costs like 5 Tigers : in the base of current prices, for example, USA: they ask for $ 500000 for basic MRAP, and the transfer from the United States to Afghanistan by military transport aircraft costs $ 165-230 thousand.
  10. 31rus
    31rus 13 October 2015 16: 48 New
    +3
    Tiger - as it was rightly noted here, the car is not for the front edge and is still necessary in its segment, it should be replaced by the "Wolf", so it is an innovation and I think a decent line of these machines, I would also like to introduce a norm for the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the equipment must be 100% domestic, then the price will be acceptable and there will be no dependence
  11. gray
    gray 13 October 2015 18: 16 New
    +2
    Quote: TheMi30
    I don’t communicate with you people who use loud and empty phrases, all the more, they carry untrue information. I see no reason to respect the unknown balabol.

    I fully support you (I didn’t see any rude words in your address), but it’s not a bit about that. The most diverse and expensive is our aviation. Too many different aviation equipment, although "collected" on practically the same base (su-27 Su-30MKI, MKI (A), MKM, SM, MK2, MKK, I am still silent on the Su-35. I am not against rearmament, I am with both hands, but optimization should be at least for ease of maintenance.
  12. Radikal
    Radikal 13 October 2015 21: 57 New
    0
    It is strange that none of those present here bothered with the fact that the main engine for both versions of the Tiger is the American Cummings. sad
    1. DarkMatter
      DarkMatter 13 October 2015 22: 32 New
      +1
      Do not worry, the article has outdated information. Our engines stand yes
  13. Nasty pirate
    Nasty pirate 16 October 2015 01: 48 New
    0
    why there’s still no armor plate for the shooter ...