Military Review

Brazilian armored personnel carrier Charrua

Brazilian armored personnel carrier Charrua

Brazilian armored personnel carrier Charrua is similar to the American armored personnel carrier M113

The Charrua tracked amphibious assault vehicle was developed by Moto Pecas, a Brazilian company. The car is named for the South American tribe, but has another designation XMP-1. At the beginning of the 80s, the Brazilian armed forces needed to replace the 500 fleet with the obsolete US-tracked M59 armored personnel carriers, which were delivered at the beginning of the 50's. The Brazilian Ministry of Defense sought to find a car similar to the M113 BTR. The project was launched in 1983, and the first prototype was made in 1985. Then a few more experimental machines were made. In the car Charrua were mainly used Brazilian technology. However, the entire program for this armored personnel carrier was closed. Ultimately, the Brazilian army and marine corps adopted the American BTR M113, a total of more than 600 of these vehicles were ordered.

The Charrua armored personnel carrier looks like a M113 vehicle. The first prototype had a box-type body with vertical sides. The second prototype in the area of ​​the amphibious branch of the board received a slope. Both options have a large internal volume.

The armor of the machine provides all-view protection against 7,62-mm bullets and shell fragments. With additional ceramic armor, the frontal part can withstand the hit of 20-mm projectiles.

The base version of the armored personnel carrier is armed with a closed 12,7-mm machine gun. From this weapons firing commander of the car. The first prototype had a small turret armed with an 12,7-mm machine gun. Options were also proposed, armed with 20-mm or 25-mm guns.

The Charrua BTR has a crew of two people and can accommodate a detachment of infantry from 9 fully equipped soldiers. Embarkation and disembarkation is carried out through the rear doors. There are also hatches on the roof for observation, firing and emergency exits. There are also several embrasures for firing personal weapons.

It was originally planned to install the Brazilian diesel engine on a new BTR. However, the Saab-Scania DSI-11 hp 394 diesel engine was installed on this armored personnel carrier. The engine is located in the front of the case, it is mounted in a single unit with an Allison automatic transmission. With two 270-liter fuel tanks, the range on the highway is 500 km. Also for this machine was offered the engine Detroit Diesel 6V92TA power 450 hp

This armored personnel carrier is floating. On the water is driven by two jets. In this case, the machine develops speed 8 km / h. She could cross lakes and rivers, which are very numerous in Brazil.

Initially, it was assumed that Charrua would have several options: control station, ambulance, communication machine with communication equipment, evacuation with crane, engineering with crane and dozer blade, 120-mm mortar complex, anti-aircraft gun with four automatic guns, anti-aircraft gun with tower 40-mm Bofors cannon, anti-aircraft missile system. Before closing this program, we managed to make several prototypes.

Admission - no
Crew 2 rights
Landing 9 people

Dimensions and weight
Mass 18 tons
Length 6,43 m
Width 3,26 m
Height 1,95 m

1 x 12,7-mm machine gun

Saab-Scania DSI-11 diesel engine
Power 394 hp
Top speed 70 km / h
Float speed 8 km / h
Power reserve 500 km

Slope 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical scarp 0,75 m
Trench 2 m
Wade - floating

Materials used:
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  1. sagitta25
    sagitta25 12 October 2015 07: 55
    Agree, an interesting thing, but unfortunately there is poor protection and the maximum that stood was a 25mm gun) On an infantry fighting vehicle there was a 76mm gun), although there, too, poor defense holds only Kalash and it is not armor-piercing bullets.
    1. corporal
      corporal 12 October 2015 12: 34
      Quote: sagitta25
      On the BMP, and then there was a 76mm gun)

      1.-Do not confuse armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles.
      2.-2A28 gun can only be called conditionally.
      3.- on our armored personnel carriers until recently, only KPVT 14,5
      Quote: sagitta25
      but unfortunately bad defense

      For that time, the most good Otherwise, it would lose buoyancy.
      1. Malkor
        Malkor 12 October 2015 17: 06
        Not like the M113, but better than him.
  2. 31rus
    31rus 12 October 2015 13: 37
    It is very bad that they did not develop this machine further, they would have picked up doom, strengthened the armor, they could have provided themselves with good equipment, the Brazilians have, as it were, say "their own handwriting" in weapons, I don’t know how anyone, but I like it
  3. tchoni
    tchoni 12 October 2015 13: 54
    Cardboard box. Alas and ah yesterday ... Article plus, because for the overall development
    1. flSergius
      flSergius 12 October 2015 15: 01
      Cardboard box.

      And you take a look at our newest "Shell" for the Airborne Forces. Why does everyone forget that this is armorconveyors? They bring infantry and knock over a knoll, take away the wounded, a machine gun for self-defense.
      1. tchoni
        tchoni 12 October 2015 18: 45
        Well, I don’t argue with you ..... But, in itself, the idea of ​​a compact armored personnel carrier has been tested starting with French half-track models and ending with our shells, etc. I have no complaints about the composition of the armament of this vehicle. Moreover, I agree with you in terms of the fact that armored personnel carriers are only needed for self-defense and nothing more. And I don’t want to compare it with "Shell", because I think that this is one field of berries .... What is better "shell", what is the product of Brazilian comrades ... Neither in "Shell", nor here no revolutionary solutions proposed ...
    2. cosmos111
      cosmos111 12 October 2015 19: 07
      Quote: tchoni
      Alas and ah yesterday

      yesterday ????
      Saab-Scania DSI-11 with 394 hp ... it is mounted in a single unit with an Allison automatic transmission

      what's in this armored personnel carrier, not modern ???

      power unit: Detroit Diesel 8V-92TA with an output of 710 l / s., Allison XTG-411-5A automatic transmission ((Achzarit, T-72CZ M4, VT-72M4 CZ.))))
      1. tchoni
        tchoni 12 October 2015 21: 56
        Quote: cosmos111
        then in this armored personnel carrier, not modern ???

        It's not about technical implementation. In my opinion, the very concept of a light armored personnel carrier is outdated ... and is currently only very limitedly suitable. Let's say within the framework of rapid response units, individual engineering units, individual units of the MP. If we are talking about a light car, the wheels look more promising. If we are talking about cardboard armor, it would be nice to provide it with a good overview, a separate hatch for each. Well, or shove a little less people under the armor.
        1. cosmos111
          cosmos111 12 October 2015 22: 07
          Quote: tchoni
          BTR is outdated ... and currently only very limitedly suitable

          Quote: flSergius
          take a look at our newest "Shell" for the Airborne Forces.

          I agree completely, for the Airborne Forces, but with a stern ramp ((ours again .... did, through 2 they will be upgrading years)))
          on a wheeled chassis, just for the special forces of the airborne ....

          BTR "Charrua" two people + 6 troops .... optimal ...
          1. tchoni
            tchoni 12 October 2015 22: 25
            Yes, somewhere like that. From the fatherland, one can speak of the "tiger" and "lynx" (although the latter is not quite the fatherland) as machines that meet such requirements in a limited way (well, they do not swim and are not capable of epic swims in the mud). I think that it is for these reasons that mattress toppers are very fond of Hamer
  4. moskowit
    moskowit 12 October 2015 21: 05
    "An armored personnel carrier (armored transporter, armored personnel carrier) is an armored transport and combat vehicle (conveyor) designed to transport personnel (shooters) of motorized rifle (infantry, motorized infantry, airborne, and so on) units, materiel to the place of fulfillment of the combat mission assigned to it and evacuation wounded and injured from the battlefield.

    In exceptional cases, if the enemy does not have anti-tank weapons, the armored personnel carrier can support infantry troops (infantry, MP, airborne forces) with airborne weapons. "(From Wikipedia) for review.
    More serious information on various "armored sites"
  5. moskowit
    moskowit 12 October 2015 21: 11
    "The closest armored personnel carriers (in some countries there is no such division) vehicles are infantry fighting vehicles (BMP) and airborne combat vehicles (BMD). The difference lies in the tactical purpose and, as a result, the balance of combat and transport functions. The armored personnel carrier was mainly developed as armed infantry vehicle, while the BMP and BMD were additionally assigned the task of direct support of the infantry with gun and machine gun fire in the offensive and defense.Although many armored personnel carriers are equipped with rather powerful large-caliber machine guns, the armament of these vehicles, as a rule, is not stabilized and has simplified sights, which limits its use mainly for self-defense purposes. BMP and BMD differ from armored personnel carriers in better protection and greater firepower. BTR, having a wheeled course, significantly surpasses them in speed of movement on roads with improved coverage. In turn, BMD differs the ability of parachute airborne landing. BTR versus BMP and BMD usually has a much lower cost in production due to the lack of sophisticated and high-tech combat equipment on it.

    Recently, variants of tracked armored personnel carriers based on tanks with anti-shell armor have been developed. Thus, the differences between tracked armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles and infantry fighting vehicles by their combat properties practically disappear. Externally, such an armored personnel carrier can be distinguished from an infantry fighting vehicle only by its main armament, which is usually machine-gun in an armored personnel carrier, and cannon or missile-cannon with an 20 mm or larger caliber guns. Nevertheless, a number of heavy armored personnel carriers, such as the BTR-T, have weapons with a caliber over 20 mm, which in fact erases the border between the BTR and the IFV. Another less striking difference is the BMP and BMD, unlike the APCs, which are much more protected from the damaging effects of nuclear weapons.

    For armored personnel carriers, unlike tanks and infantry fighting vehicles, the type of propeller is not specified, therefore among the armored personnel carriers there are both tracked and wheeled vehicles. "(From Wikipedia)