The multifunctional robotic demining complex (MPTK-R) "Uran-6" is a basic tracked vehicle with fasteners for the installation of various special equipment. By installing appropriate special equipment, the complex can make passages in minefields or clear large areas of explosive objects. The project of a prospective robotic complex was developed by the Nakhabinsk OAO “766 UPTK” (“Management of Production and Technological Equipment”).
The Uran-6 complex consists of several basic elements. The main one is a small-sized light armored vehicle with a remote control that serves as the base platform. It provides universal attachment points for the installation of the target equipment used in various works. The complex includes sets of interchangeable trawling and working equipment. The type of replacement equipment is selected in accordance with current tasks.
Depending on the type of equipment installed, the total weight of the Uran-6 machine reaches 6-7 t. Thus, the combat weight of the robot sapper with a barge trawl is 6,8 t. When installing other equipment, the weight of the machine changes accordingly. Due to the specific field of application, the machine has a reservation that protects the internal units from fragments of explosive devices found and destroyed. In addition, the attachment has some elements that improve the protection of the base machine.
The base machine of the complex is equipped with an 190 horsepower engine. This has a positive effect on the power density and mobility of the machine. The maximum speed of the robot does not exceed 5 km / h. The speed of movement during trawling is slightly less and depends on the existing conditions.
In the front of the armored car there are two levers on which special attachments are mounted. Depending on the current tasks, the Uran-6 complex can use a pick, roll or milling trawl. In addition, a dozer blade and a rotary blade with a rotating tong has been developed. Thus, the robotic complex can not only clear minefields, but also perform some other tasks. For example, it is possible to clear small debris or move large debris of acceptable mass.
When using a slatting or milling trawl, the MRTK-R Uran-6 neutralizes explosive devices by mechanically destroying them or initiating explosions. In the event of an explosion, the shock wave and debris are delayed by the design of the trawl and the body of the machine itself, so that it can continue its work. Katkov trawl, in turn, due to the weight of its design causes the triggering of contact fuses and the subsequent explosion of mines.
According to the manufacturer, the Uran-6 complex is capable of destroying explosive devices weighing from 100 g to 4 kg. Regardless of the type of trawl used, the strip is being cleaned with a width of 1,6 m. It is argued that due to its high efficiency, the advanced complex is able to replace the 20 sappers.
The sapper robot is controlled using a separate remote control. The existing equipment ensures reliable communication between the console and the machine at distances up to 1000 m. Thus, the operator of the complex is at a sufficient distance from the machine and the explosions of the mines found, due to which there is no risk during the performance of the task. To monitor the operation of the armored vehicle and its systems, the console displays all the necessary information and signal from several video cameras.
Last summer, the MRTK-R "Uran-6" was taken to the Chechen Republic to participate in the demining of one of the mountainous areas. In about two months, the complex cleaned about 80 thousand square meters. m agricultural land. In the course of such work, a sapper robot destroyed 50 explosive objects.
Last year it was reported that mass production should begin in the fall, and at the beginning of 2015, the first mass-produced vehicles would go to the troops of the Southern Military District. In the future, it was planned to continue construction and equip units of other military districts with the latest technology.
One of the Uran-6 complexes in service with the Southern Military District recently became an exhibit of the Innovation Day exhibition. We present a photoreview of this technique.
Due to the large mass, the dredge is equipped with its own wheels. Behind the shaft with strikers there is a chain curtain that delays the fragments.
The shown complex, apparently, was used in real conditions. There are traces of hits on the frontal part and on the sides
The principle of operation of these units is similar - explosive devices are destroyed by moving elements
As well as the picker, the milling trawl is equipped with a chain curtain for additional protection of the base machine.