"Fan" from Kultypyogo

October 5 The 1918 of the year by the decision of the NKVD of the RSFSR in the structure of the workers' and peasant militia created a new service - the criminal investigation department. Divisions of the criminal investigation were instructed to create in all cities with a population of more than 40 thousand people. One of the first large-scale cases of the Soviet detectives was the exposure of the gang of Mikhail Osipov, who entered history domestic crime under the nickname Kultipyapy.



Medal for the 95 Anniversary of the Criminal Investigation

For a gang of Mishka Kultiapogo detectives in Moscow, Oryol Province, Siberia, the Urals, Bashkortostan, hunted for several years. His gang managed to inherit in many regions of the country. According to the Criminal Investigation Department, Klutapy and his henchmen committed at least 78 murders, as well as dozens of robberies at jewelry and thrift stores.

The raiders did not act at random, but according to a previously developed plan. When arriving in a particular city, the criminals stopped somewhere in the private residential sector or bought a house in the suburbs, in which they sat quietly, without attracting the attention of their neighbors. Having committed another robbery, the criminals quickly moved out and settled somewhere in another inconspicuous shelter. That is why the police for a long time could not get on the trail of criminals. And only in September, 1923, in Ufa, did the detectives manage to take Kultiapogo himself and his accomplices in the act. Here is how it was.

In one of the September days of 1923, five criminals broke into the commission shop of the entrepreneur Razuvaev, well-known in Ufa. In the store at that moment were the owner himself, the sellers and three buyers. Pointing the revolvers at them, the gangsters told everyone to lie down on the floor, and then they silenced the victims and tied their hands behind their backs. While the bodies lay on the floor, forming a lively semicircle, the raiders eagerly grabbed gold and silver items.

"Fan" from Kultypyogo

Employees of the Criminal Investigation of the Republic at the parade on Red Square. 1922 year

Suddenly the front door swung open with a noise, and the local priest stepped over the threshold of the commission. One of the bandits rushed to meet him. However, the father was not timid. After knocking down a gangster with a blow of a mighty fist, the priest ran out into the street and shouted:
- Sentry! Rob! ..

The raiders poured out of the store and tried to disperse into the crowd. But they failed. Accidentally, an agent of the Ufa Criminal Investigation Department Yakin was nearby. He caught up with one of the fleeing criminals and tied him up, and the citizens who came to the rescue to help the operative caught two more participants in the armed robbery.

Criminals seized with red-handed seized weapon and stolen valuables. Documents from the bandits did not have. Therefore, in order to establish the identity of the criminals, they quickly proceeded to a local threat-search. What were the surprise and delight of the operatives when it soon became clear that none other than Mikhail Osipov himself, who was an intellectual, aka Kultyyapy, aka the “king of bandits”, fell into the hands of the detectives.

A native of the village of Berezovo in the Perm province, Mikhail Osipov was the son of a peasant woman and a shoemaker. Coming from the lower classes, Mishka nevertheless managed to get a higher education before the revolution. However, Osipov's academic career did not deceive him, and he went into crime, quickly gaining prestige among criminals. In the criminal world, he was respectfully called the Intelligent.

Before the revolution, Mishka hunted thefts from shops and wealthy homes in Russia. Twice he was caught and sentenced to prison. After serving a term, Osipov invariably returned to his beloved craft.

After the revolution, nothing has changed. Only cruelty was added. If under the tsarist regime, Mishka stole and robbed, then under the new government he became addicted to murder. And he did it with a special atrocity. His favorite "entertainment" was the so-called fan. Having robbed his victims, Mishka tied them up with string and laid the doomed so that they formed a kind of fan: the legs of one victim lay on the legs of another, etc., and the bodies diverged at an angle. Moving from one victim to another, Mishka crushed the victims with the head of an ax. Apparently, because of the predilection of the gangster, he personally cut the skulls of his victims to him and the nickname stuck - Kultiapy.

The trial of the gangsters who were in Mishka Kultipyogo's gang was held in Moscow. Kultiapy himself, as well as his eight most active accomplices, received a “tower”. The rest went to mend in labor camps.

However, with regard to the leader, the court’s sentence could not have taken place: while the investigation was going on, Mishka tried to escape from prison. And he would certainly have escaped, if not for the vigilance of the Moscow detective Philip Varganov, who had been specially seconded to Ufa to carry out operational investigative activities in the Kultypyogo case.

From the report of Varganov to the head of the criminal investigation department of the republic:

“In the mountains. Ufa, I, with my colleague Comrade. Radchenko and the authorized secret of the URR comrade. Savich, arrived 16 th November / c. Immediately upon arrival, we established business contact with commander Bashcentrorozysk. Prokhorov. We decided to immediately drive to the Ufa Pravdom, to check the reliability of the guards and the conditions of Osipov-Kultipy, as I had serious concerns about the possibility of an organized escape. On the way to Prakdom, I instructed Inspector Kozlov on arrival at Osipov’s cell immediately and suddenly to search him. In a single cell Osipov Comrade. Kozlov, in our presence, proceeded to a personal search. Osipov quickly snatched a pack of notes from his pocket and began to stuff them into his mouth. Then I grabbed Osipov with one hand by the throat and the other by the hair and threw him on the bed. T.t. Kozlov and Prokhorov grabbed Osipov by the time, and began to take notes away. Part of the notes that Osipov left in her hands, with great difficulty, in a torn and wrinkled form, was taken away, and part of them that was in the mouth, despite the measures we took, was swallowed up by Osipov. The selected notes were written in pencil, partly with letters, and partly were encrypted with numbers. On scraps of a note written in letters, one could read the following phrases: “... Give 100 nice.”, “I’ll run Monday ...”, “... if you don’t agree, post it with a booze, but don’t ask ...”. From all this we understood that Osipov-Kultiapy was engaged in preparing an organized escape. ”

Naturally, Kultiapogo was immediately transferred to another cell and the reinforced guard was set. Meanwhile, detectives under the guidance of Varganov began to decipher the notes taken from Kultiapy. As a result of hard work, the text was recovered. The letter was addressed to Mishka's cohabitant - Shurka Nizkovskaya. In it, the “king of gangsters” wrote (the author’s spelling and style are preserved):

“Dear daughter. Kiss you 10.000 times. Daughter, I got a ksivu; Daughter, I was afraid to trust that person. You yourself know that this is not a joke, and you, probably, waited for him, and in vain. My daughter, my deeds are very nasty. Without the help of a cop, it’s absolutely impossible to leave, but you cannot trust him, although you can give him money in advance, and he will not help, but will only make it worse. My dear daughter, I'm going crazy here, I plan everything day and night. Daughter, this devil knows how strictly I am being held and monitored. I have to go like this: if the cop helps, then only one ment will have to spank in the fence, and the second one may not even have to, and I also don't have to spank the street, but if without the cop's help, then there will be four spank in the case and two in the fence, not counting the street yet ... ".

Then came specific instructions on what and how the accomplices should do.


Values ​​seized from criminals. Beginning of 1920's

From the text of the message it became clear that the escape was being prepared, and one of the guards of the Ufa prison should provide Kutlypomu with substantial assistance in organizing it. Of course, the detectives were taken all the necessary measures. In addition, in three cells, in which the "king of bandits" was alternately held, Varganov conducted searches. In each of the cells they managed to find caches arranged by the prisoner. In one of them, two keys to the doors leading from the building to the prison yard, sealed with bread, were kept in a depression under the bed. In the other - an English gimlet, neatly hidden in the bumps on the wall. But what is most striking: a revolver and several cartridges for it were found in the wall, near the heating battery. Apparently, the “king of gangsters” with this weapon intended to “spank” cops if necessary.
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  1. your1970 9 October 2015 19: 13 New
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    I have not heard about such a gang, I wonder ..
  2. kotvov 9 October 2015 19: 26 New
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    coolly involved. Another confirmation is not education, but addiction forms a personality.
  3. erased 9 October 2015 19: 35 New
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    A thief should sit in jail! Or lie in the ground! Like a bandit and embezzler and a corrupt bureaucratic creature!
    And if this is not so, then the state is on the path to destroying itself ...
    And what about this in the Russian Federation? That's it...
    1. Samurai3X 9 October 2015 23: 26 New
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      Oh yes ... And Khrushchev was imprisoned, and Garbuzov was imprisoned, and Suslov was imprisoned. Right triumph of legality. But they stole billions of rubles from the people. Today's worth learning fellow
      Bandits and rapists are imprisoned. And those who spin in the Kremlin in 99 cases from 100 will receive a pension. So it was, is and will always be. And only if they learn something completely strange - a conclusion or some kind of sudden heart attack.
  4. Lenin 9 October 2015 19: 42 New
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    Thank. A very interesting historical article. While reading at least a little rest from political boltology about Syria and received great aesthetic pleasure.
  5. starshina pv 9 October 2015 19: 52 New
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    stole from the beginning of the formation of mankind, and will steal !!!! and they will catch !!! and the article is interesting +.
  6. LEVIAFAN 9 October 2015 20: 08 New
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    I don’t understand the medal. The final date on it is 2013, i.e. already Russia. But wasn’t there a criminal investigation in the Russian Empire? or everything that is not our homeland before the age of 18? I don’t understand.
    1. Homo 10 October 2015 01: 47 New
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      My friend, you are stupid! 2013 is not the end date, but the date of the 95th anniversary.
  7. moskowit 9 October 2015 20: 54 New
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    All Brezhnev time is criticized for awards. Now look! Which department only does not let them out. Wow 95 years wanted. At 100 years, the order goes out of order ... It turns out that 90 years issued a medal ... Let, for God's sake, the earnest detectives are not offended, they are not to blame. And the one to blame is the one who, with the release of these, nothing insignificant trinkets, discredits the merits of the merit of modest operatives and the award system of the state.
    1. Homo 10 October 2015 01: 45 New
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      Quote: moskowit
      And the one to blame is the one who, by the release of these, nothing insignificant trinkets, discredits the merits of the modest operatives and the award system of the state.

      And what do you think is "meaningful"? 30 silver coins? A bunch of dough that you spend and forget? And your conscience allows you to call awards trinkets?
      1. alexander 2 10 October 2015 04: 35 New
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        Homo, you probably misunderstood. The medal which is deservedly awarded is respected, and this is awarded to all who worked in the threat at that time. It doesn’t matter where he was, he was catching criminals with a risk to his life, or all this time he thoughtlessly shifted papers in warmth and safety, without actually doing anything. Anyway, he will get this medal. In fact, heroes and ordinary people are equated with such medals.
        1. Homo 11 October 2015 14: 26 New
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          Quote: Alexander 2
          The medal which is deservedly awarded is respected, and this is awarded to all who worked in the threat at that time.

          And what about the medals of 10 years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, 20 years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, etc. After all, they did not appear to be concrete affairs, but because a person was at war at that time? So what is the difference between "fought at the time" and "worked in a threat at the time" ??? Or the fact that a person honestly performed his duty, risked his health every day and his life was worth nothing and should not be noted?
      2. moskowit 10 October 2015 07: 30 New
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        You, dear, are more careful about conscience. Conscience allows trinkets to be called trinkets, not state awards! Look at the false veterans, who were hung with "medals" and signs issued by various parties and to various memorable dates. But most of the citizens, especially the younger ones, do not understand where the real reward is, and where is the "linden". Look even at the "cadets", not the Suvorovites, pupils of state educational institutions, hung with various "medals". Open sites where such awards are for sale and see for yourself. Here are my father’s awards washed in blood. That's why I judge, knowing the price of these Awards!
        1. Homo 11 October 2015 14: 27 New
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          Quote: moskowit
          Conscience allows trinkets to be called trinkets, not state awards!

          And what about the medals of 10 years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, 20 years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, etc. After all, they did not appear to be concrete affairs, but because a person was at war at that time? So what is the difference between "fought at the time" and "worked in a threat at the time" ??? Or the fact that a person honestly performed his duty, risked his health every day and his life was worth nothing and should not be noted?
      3. moskowit 10 October 2015 07: 38 New
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        And here is an example to you, about which I spoke. And then later their children will be broadcast about their “combat” awards.
        1. Homo 11 October 2015 14: 30 New
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          Quote: moskowit
          And here is an example to you, about which I spoke. And then later their children will be broadcast about their “combat” awards.

          It may be rude, but I’ll say “don’t compare ... with your finger”! Do not equal the medal for work in Ugro with anything horrible. To senility, you can bring any.
      4. moskowit 10 October 2015 07: 47 New
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        And here is another example, of a different nature. This one already deliberately violates the Law and tries to use and enjoys the undeserved respect of deceived citizens. At this "Hero" part of the purchased real and a lot of different anniversary and thematic signs. Even the "Star of the Hero" hung ... And you tell me about my conscience ...
  8. moskowit 9 October 2015 21: 00 New
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    Here you go. I was right. There is a medal 90 anniversary of Ugro. Now I'll see about 85 and 80 ...
    1. Combitor 10 October 2015 01: 58 New
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      Quote: moskowit
      Now I'll see about 85 and 80 ...

      ??
  9. ssn18 9 October 2015 21: 01 New
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    The article is good and the operas of UR thank you very much for their work, but I would give the author a tambourine from the heart. Well, you write about people with a capital letter, so what ... include everything in the heading.
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. Bayonet 9 October 2015 21: 30 New
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    The "price" of this award can be judged by the ads on some sites - order, pay and your medal ...
    (clickable)
    1. Shishiga 9 October 2015 21: 42 New
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      Well, my friend found something outraged, you try to order a battle like this - then we'll talk.
      1. corporal 9 October 2015 21: 54 New
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        Quote: Shishiga
        Well, my friend found what outragedьare,

        Actually, it’s a departmental medal, and there shouldn’t be any newsletters on any Internet there either. am am am
        Bl ... commerce will ruin everything .... degenerates am
        1. Shishiga 9 October 2015 22: 40 New
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          You are "for the length of service" in the ranks of gas workers equate to the battle, and for those who know, the price, for those who know, is half a day on a market day, because they hang anniversaries to everyone who doesn’t get there - the main thing would be in the ranks at the time of the award.
          And minus, as I understand it, the hero hit the airsoft ???
      2. narval20 9 October 2015 22: 11 New
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        Open ANY online auction ("bag", new auction ", etc.) and for you for every taste - both military, and during WWII, and with No., and without.
        So that...
        1. Shishiga 9 October 2015 22: 34 New
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          But the point is that I have enough of mine.
      3. The comment was deleted.
      4. Bayonet 10 October 2015 06: 47 New
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        Quote: Shishiga
        Well, my friend found something outraged, you try to order a battle like this - then we'll talk.

        And where is the battle? Talk about this particular reward. When the rewards are sold in a stall, it's already ... request
    2. Homo 10 October 2015 01: 50 New
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      Quote: Bayonet
      The "price" of this award can be judged by the ads on some sites - order, pay and your medal ...

      Do not make bullshit. Official, state awards have a number and a certificate. And you can order the Hero Star, only fake without a number and certificate.
      1. Bayonet 10 October 2015 06: 52 New
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        Quote: Homo
        Do not make bullshit. Official, state awards have a number and a certificate.

        And the certificate is attached, fill and carry to health! You can buy something else.
  12. da Vinci 10 October 2015 09: 46 New
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    "Values ​​seized from criminals. Early 1920s" In the photo most likely the looted products discovered by the bandits were found (at that time, they were also great values).
  13. da Vinci 10 October 2015 09: 48 New
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    Unfortunately, many officers now have so many orders that they will overtake Brezhnev. lol But in general, awards and titles, especially scientific ones, have now greatly depreciated, and such a concept as “product or brand of the year” generally causes laughter. lol