Shining Arctic

How to provide the Russian Arctic garrisons with clean energy


Russian troops are returning to the Arctic. It is believed that to serve here is promising and even prestigious, although not easy. But those times have passed when the word “must” justified any deprivation. Experience has shown: a person works much better when he can return to a comfortable environment after work, where he is welcome to come and do not pester with complaints of domestic turmoil. Among other necessary conditions for this is the provision of garrisons with a sufficient amount of electricity. Where do you get it?

The Arctic is being cleaned from thousands of diesel barrels used to generate electricity. Unfortunately, there is no alternative to diesel generators yet. The only well-developed means of environmentally friendly generation of electricity - wind power - in the Arctic can be used very limited and problems in general, they will not solve. Solar panels in the conditions of the Arctic night is also not a way out. Dynamic quantum power stations mentioned in the article of the newspaper “MIC” (No. 26, 2015) may decide it, but in a rather distant future. And it is necessary now.

Shining ArcticThe solution is seen in the application of new type of power plants, close to the traditional ones. These include the Russian invention “Aerostatic Power Plant” - this is a wind power plant operating on an artificial air stream. To create it uses the potential energy of the atmosphere. No fuel or other energy costs are required.

Aerostatic power plant is a group of wind power plants located in series in a long tunnel. The exit of the tunnel passes into a vertical pipe, and the entrance is connected to an air intake, the cross section of which is larger than the sections of both the tunnel and the pipe. Between the inlet of the air inlet and the outlet cut, there is a difference in atmospheric pressure, respectively, a steady flow of air occurs.

It affects the wind generators located in the tunnel and they generate electricity around the clock and regardless of weather conditions. No fuel costs.

There is enough evidence of the efficiency of the scheme: cellar ventilation, fireplaces, natural ventilation of mines. The most interesting prototype of this invention is in the village of Direnkur in Turkey. It is a ventilation system of a multistory underground city, stretching for tens of kilometers and extending to a depth of 90 meters. The system consists of a large number of small-diameter mines connected by horizontal air ducts with several large-diameter mines. The upper sections of mines of small diameter are located with a significant excess in height above the entrances of the mines of large diameter. Thanks to this scheme, powerful air streams flow into the connecting shafts of small diameter with the shafts of a large air duct. On all floors and in every nook and cranny of the dungeon there is always fresh air. Who, when and why built this city in Turkey is unknown. By the way, there are similar cities in Ecuador and in the Urals.

The idea is to put wind generators in these streams and get around-the-clock power generation. Implementing it is technically quite simple. Even in the USSR, technology was developed for the rapid construction of high pipes, for example, from metal tape. Fold a tunnel of concrete or chipboard with the necessary lining - no problem. Some difficulties are the protection of the air intake from snow drifts. But this is not such a difficult task, it is only necessary to attach engineering thought to it. But what really requires an extraordinary solution is the wind power station located inside the tunnel. The use of traditional wind farms with a rotating transducer of the kinetic energy of the flow into mechanical movement is inefficient both because of the low productivity of the converters themselves and because of the harmful aerodynamic factors resulting from their rotation, resulting in a large loss of power when interacting with the tunnel walls.

The way out is the use of wind power stations with linear oscillatory working movement of the converter (WESK). It does not rotate and therefore is free from harmful aerodynamic phenomena and is not affected by the close proximity of the tunnel walls. The production of AEC is possible at any mechanical plant, it does not require scarce materials and components. Thanks to the simple design will be simple and repair.

In reality, an aerostatic power plant might look, for example, like this. The pipe height is 50 meters, the tunnel is 350 meters long, the cross-sectional area of ​​the pipe and the tunnel is 10 м2. Capacity - 20 MW, annual productivity - 175 200 000 kW / h. Of course, it is possible to build stations of both greater and lesser power - it all depends on the need. Permanent maintenance is not required, it is enough to have an automated control console. No noise, no harmful emissions, no dirty barrels around the village.

Saving money by reducing the amount of imported diesel fuel and coal is huge. The presence of a large amount of cheap electricity will solve the problem of growing on-site vegetables that people need and organize dairy farming. In the village you can break a winter garden with a swimming pool, solarium, sauna, playgrounds. Unemployed members of military families will get a good job. An additional contribution to saving money will be made by the pipe: antennas for various purposes, light beacons, loudspeakers, spotlights for lighting the village, and holiday lights to the joy of children can be placed on it. It can be given a beautiful appearance, and it will become an architectural decoration of the territory and a landmark for those who have lost their way in the tundra.

Placing a special aeroelectric power station near the aerodrome will allow to keep the runway and taxiways constantly free of snow and dry. This is achievable by laying heating elements under their coating. A large power consumption is not required - just keep the coating within the minimum plus temperatures. Moscow and some Scandinavian cities have a similar experience. It is clear that due to this the combat readiness will increase aviation parts and the possibility of air communication with the mainland.

There are prerequisites for solving the problem of economical supply of arctic villages with environmentally friendly electricity. The case for the implementation.
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  1. USSR 1971 9 October 2015 14: 39 New
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    Normally, everything will be with the implementation of the project. Russia will not leave the Arctic anymore, so they didn’t leave for long while the drunk was in charge of the country, I think it’s in the past. The country's interests require the development and protection of the region.
    From the technical side, you can implement. No more difficult than flying into space.
    At the 2015 Army show, there were a lot of interesting developments for the Arctic, it is clear that not everything has gone into the series, but if there are samples, then the direction has been taken for development. With God.
    1. MIKHAN 9 October 2015 14: 47 New
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      That's probably what you need ... Our bears!
      Here is pure energy, tame them .. And that everything is possible!
      1. Hort 9 October 2015 15: 55 New
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        this one just grew up with dogs, apparently
    2. bronik 9 October 2015 14: 49 New
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      Station "Mir" is also from that "abandoned" era. It is good that the Arctic was not flooded and donated in those dashing years.
    3. Samaritan 9 October 2015 18: 49 New
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      As a child, I came up with such a system (pipe), I was so glad :) and then in young technology I read that it was invented for about 100 years like: ((well, the author about 20 MW is certainly powerful ... bent :))) e didn’t even count close)))
      And the radiance is indescribably beautiful:
  2. Vladimirets 9 October 2015 14: 44 New
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    A large power consumption is not required - just keep the coating within the minimum plus temperatures.

    Of course, garbage, and not energy consumption, all that is necessary is the plus temperature of the strip at -50 on the street. yes
  3. Good me 9 October 2015 14: 45 New
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    Aerostatic power plant is a group of wind power plants located in series in a long tunnel. The exit of the tunnel passes into a vertical pipe, and the entrance is connected to an air intake, the cross section of which is larger than the sections of both the tunnel and the pipe. Between the inlet of the air inlet and the outlet cut, there is a difference in atmospheric pressure, respectively, a steady flow of air occurs.

    It affects the wind generators located in the tunnel and they generate electricity around the clock and regardless of weather conditions. No fuel costs.

    In one of the Soviet issues of the Technique of Youth, there was a description of such a system, which is a "sleeve" of a polymer film, one end of which was on a natural or artificial hill, and the other in a lowland.

    And again, the natural “traction” that arose caused an air turbine with an electric generator to operate.

    Cheap and angry.

    1. kil 31 9 October 2015 14: 48 New
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      Some difficulties are presented by the protection of the air intake entrance from snow drifts. But this is not such a difficult task, you just need to attach engineering thought to it. Engineering thought is simple to disgrace. You take BSL and a steel pencil in your hands, and then you bask. laughing
      1. Good me 9 October 2015 14: 53 New
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        Quote: Kil 31
        Engineering thought is simple to disgrace. You take BSL and a steel pencil in your hands, and then you bask.


        And if, to the soldier, in this case the contractor, also “dynamo”, “add”, then additional Watts-kilo Watts can be obtained (almost according to Raikin laughing ).
        1. Alexey RA 9 October 2015 15: 13 New
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          Quote: Good I
          And if, to the soldier, in this case the contractor, also “dynamo”, “add”, then additional Watts-kilo-Watts can be obtained (almost according to Raikin laughing).

          You still have a lantern, a lantern on your forehead - to mow at night !!! (C) smile
    2. aleks 62 next 9 October 2015 15: 04 New
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      ... cheap and angry ....

      ... In Spain, such a power plant has been operating for quite some time .... Only its dimensions are quite impressive and its power is quite small .... So, the author with the statement: ".... A pipe 50 meters high, a tunnel 350 meters long, the cross-sectional area of ​​the pipe and tunnel is 10 m2. Power is 20 MW, annual output is 175 kW / h ... "I hastened a little and exaggerated the power of this device .... In Spain, as far as I remember, the pipe is 200 meters and 000 m in diameter , and modest power .... Or the author made a revolution in the energy sector ????? .... :))))))
      1. Basarev 9 October 2015 17: 01 New
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        Pampering is everything. You just need to drive the floating nuclear power plant there - and everything will be all right with the energy sector.
        1. proletarian 9 October 2015 22: 50 New
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          Yes, actually it’s possible to put the nuclear submarines on duty “side by side”, the look and the “extra spectators” will decrease.
    3. Good me 9 October 2015 16: 30 New
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      Quote: Good I
      In one of the still Soviet issues "Techniques of Youth"
  4. STALK1974 9 October 2015 14: 49 New
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    We have a man on this principle, mounted a generator in the chimney. Weak, but enough for lighting.
    1. Good me 9 October 2015 15: 09 New
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      Quote: STALK1974
      We have a man on this principle, mounted a generator in the chimney. Weak, but enough for lighting.


      Well, maybe that’s ... But the generator’s resource, under the influence of temperature and aggressive soot, is likely to be extremely low.

      In addition, the placement of a THIRD object in the chimney is fraught with grave consequences.
  5. Andrea 9 October 2015 14: 50 New
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    It is difficult to serve. It is very difficult when there is nowhere to go after duty. In practice, the conclusion.
  6. VALERIK_097 9 October 2015 14: 55 New
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    Article is nonsense. Wind is the most tireless hard worker, who has the rule to change direction within a few minutes. The author must be sent to Yokanga, let him measure there throughout the Arctic, collect. Calculates angles and variables. If the dogs fly there, then I sign - the truth
    1. VALERIK_097 9 October 2015 20: 45 New
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      C / u I’m sitting on my fingers explaining -sines, cosines reminds me of a flight from the Caspian Sea to ...... Mathematics is still applied science, chords, did not miss-forget it.
  7. Engineer 9 October 2015 14: 57 New
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    The idea is not new. It’s just that the implementation is a little different, for example, the flow is formed due to the greenhouse effect, the Australian version:

    here are our two patents for the same principle:

    But, in the Arctic with its gale-force winds, it is not really easy to build such long pipes - it will simply blow them away. Therefore, no one in the Union will deal with this now.
  8. Andrea 9 October 2015 15: 04 New
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    The proposed project is rather strange. What height should the pipe be to provide decent power? A hundred meters that way. For each village a few pieces? what
    1. Alexey RA 9 October 2015 15: 18 New
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      Quote: Andrea
      The proposed project is rather strange. What height should the pipe be to provide decent power? A hundred meters that way. For each village a few pieces?

      Well, it is necessary to provide the enemy KR with accurate target designation.
      Well, what a joy to the adversary - instead of being tormented by the accurate guidance of the RC in an unexplored area with poor radio waves and with a poorly expressed or similar relief, it will be possible to aim at perfectly visible vertical landmarks standing next to the target. smile
  9. Laksamana besar 9 October 2015 15: 14 New
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    It’s like: “I think so, and now you think how to implement it!”
    In the Arctic, temperatures are from -70 to + 20.
    At the forum “Army-2015” there was a round table “Application of modern technologies and materials in construction. Features of the organization of construction in the Arctic ”and on the topic of electricity was a report from Spetsstroy of Russia:
    "DOMESTIC ELECTRIC ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY - A NEW APPROACH TO EFFECTIVE AND RELIABLE ELECTRIC SUPPLY OF OBJECTS IN THE ARCTIC." Report of the Acting Head of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "General Directorate of Engineering Works No. 2 under the Special Construction of Russia", Ph.D. O.V. Sirazetdinova.

    More details in the pictures and graphs at the link below, everything is much closer to the realities:
    http://spetsstroy.ru/press/presentation/armia-2015/14_Sirazetdinoff.pdf.pagespee
    d.ce.xKi8v6zsCl.pdf
  10. Mountain shooter 9 October 2015 15: 19 New
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    Oh, freeloaders. Such a thing will not work without energy costs. Learn thermodynamics. When it was a draft in the pipe, it turned out by itself, until you kindle the fire. Especially on the street (in the house, due to the temperature difference with the street, a weak draft is observed). Alas, thermal power plants will also be needed, perhaps on the basis of submarine reactors, or maybe something else under the Yamal liquefied gas laughing But, in another way, it will not work. There will be no freebies, gentlemen.
    1. Good me 9 October 2015 15: 55 New
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      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      Oh, freeloaders. Such a thing will not work without energy costs. Learn thermodynamics. When it was a draft in the pipe, it turned out by itself, until you kindle the fire. Especially on the street (in the house, due to the temperature difference with the street, a weak draft is observed).


      I remember, as a child, I read how underground war veterans solved the problem of distributing leaflets in the city, with SovInformBuro reports, simply throwing them into an inactive, but rather high factory pipe.

      THRUST (which you write, cannot be) carried the streams of paper high upwards, scattering them over a considerable area. So much so that the Germans and the policemen considered that the leaflets had been dropped by aviation.

      The difference in pressure and temperature, you know ...
      1. Alexey RA 9 October 2015 17: 37 New
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        Quote: Good I
        I remember, as a child, I read how underground war veterans solved the problem of distributing leaflets in the city, with SovInformBuro reports, simply throwing them into an inactive, but rather high factory pipe.

        Fedorov. "The underground regional committee is operating."

        But there, craving was created by the policemen, who lit a fire at the entrance to the underground communications of the sugar factory and tried to smoke underground with smoke.
        Bukhanov told us that Baranovsky brought several carts of straw. They burned until night. Then Baranovsky told the police that, as a specialist, he was sure that we had suffocated for a long time. A good engineer - he doesn’t even know how much straw to burn to fill all the factory dungeons with smoke.

        But it was later, that is, later. We saved ourselves, did not suffocate because we realized: if the smoke does not stand still, then there is a draft and an outlet for it. And climbed in the same direction where the draft. And we got into the boiler room.

        She was completely littered with blasted stone outside. Neither enter nor exit. Fireboxes are also destroyed. But the exhaust pipe is in place. This we have seen in the wild. The pipe in Koryukovka is famous - above fifty meters. The craving is terrible. Do not believe me - I almost pulled my hat off. That is why in the boiler room it was possible to sit quietly. All the smoke goes away.
  11. Stirbjorn 9 October 2015 15: 43 New
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    In my opinion, a more or less realistic option is floating nuclear power plants, or the continuation of the development of this project, as applied to Arctic conditions.
  12. 3vs
    3vs 9 October 2015 15: 51 New
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    It’s easier to pack equipment from nuclear submarines in a fixed installation.
    Here you have both heat and electricity.
    It seems to me that this will be done.
  13. Izotovp 9 October 2015 16: 33 New
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    These solutions have already been in the USSR))).
    1. Tatar 174 9 October 2015 17: 11 New
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      What is this unit ???
      1. Izotovp 9 October 2015 17: 24 New
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        This is TPP-3. NPP. http://topwar.ru/24858-ot-peredvizhnoy-aes-do-yadernogo-razvedchika-ladoga.html
  14. e_krendel 9 October 2015 16: 50 New
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    20 Mega (!!!) Watt to remove from the pipe with a cross-section of only 10 m2? Is the author smoked something, probably? For this, transonic flow velocities are needed, and where will they come from a height difference of only 50 m?
    20 kW - wherever else went ...
    And why is there so much? 20 MW is the power consumption of a fairly large city with a population of tens of thousands of people.
    1. lelikas 9 October 2015 16: 59 New
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      Quote: e_krendel
      And why is there so much? 20 MW is the power consumption of a fairly large city with a population of tens of thousands of people.

      Well, if all the military will, in their free time from the service, blow into this super pipe ...
  15. Reptiloid 9 October 2015 17: 21 New
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    At that time, when Yeltsin was ruptured a lot of other things, he probably didn’t get his hands on something. Here’s what I sometimes think about - after all, he was Nemtsov’s receiver ... Didn’t it happen somehow?
    It’s good that the Arctic is ours.
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  17. Signaller 9 October 2015 17: 56 New
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    The deducted engine from Mig and the old Kamaz-Kras with it will be quite enough to clear GDP. Cheap and cheerful.
    1. lelikas 9 October 2015 18: 40 New
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      Quote: Signaller
      . Cheap and cheerful.

      I do not agree with the first, but completely with the second.
  18. Barakuda 9 October 2015 18: 44 New
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    Lomonosov’s floating nuclear power plant will not be completed, grandmother bye-bye. And where does the GDP look? Or just waiting requestthinking whom to plant?
  19. figter 9 October 2015 23: 15 New
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    In the conditions of the Arctic and tundra, a method of generating electricity has long been invented, but not Kulibinsk, as in the article. They use associated gas, which is obtained simultaneously in the course of oil production and which was previously simply burned with a torch. Oil in the northern regions is mined almost everywhere, the Arctic is no exception. The associated gas is compressed by a compressor and, under pressure, sent to a turbine similar to an aircraft turbine. The power is decent. At least a large number of oil fields is powered by electricity in this way or goes to this method. In the extreme case, in the absence of associated gas, you can use imported liquefied gas.
  20. Audiomaniac 10 October 2015 02: 50 New
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    But what, does religion forbid to extract electricity from the atmosphere, as Tesla did?