A harsher punishment awaits the objector to pass the fees, if he received such an agenda from the military registration and enlistment office (officially). In this case, responsibility is defined as for a soldier who evades the performance of official duties. It is clear that in this case the responsibility may be criminal. However, so far in the judicial system of the Russian Federation precedents for criminal prosecution for evading military training did not exist. The fact is that military commissariats representing law enforcement agencies (in the field) are not ready to enter into litigation - what is called more expensive.
How come the military commissars out of the current situation with actual impunity for the “otkazniks” from going through military training? One would assume that there are only a few of these (“mowers”), and all the rest are exclusively conscious citizens, but unfortunately, this is far from being the case. According to the staff of the military commissariats, they are “saved” by the fact that a small number of reservists (7-8 thousand) are involved in military gathering. Military registration and enlistment offices are in a position to provide such a number of reservists at assembly points, however, here too, staff of military registration and enlistment offices have to take certain measures. It turns out that only one reservist from 4-5 can be attributed to the number of conscious ones, and therefore, to attract reservists to the collection of fees, the number of agendas sent to the same 4-5 is higher than the required number of reservists. The military registration and enlistment offices act, as they say, with a reserve: if “extra” comes, they will simply be sent home.
For reference. The list of categories in which the law provides for exemption from the passage of military charges:
Information about those who are exempt from fees:
1. From citizenship exempted female citizens;
2. From military charges are also exempt:
a) citizens, reserved for state authorities, local governments and organizations for the period of mobilization and in wartime;
b) employees of the internal affairs bodies, the State Fire Service, institutions and bodies of the penitentiary system, organs for controlling the circulation of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and customs authorities of the Russian Federation;
c) civilian personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, military units and bodies, as well as internal affairs agencies, the State Fire Service, institutions and bodies of the penitentiary system, narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances control authorities and customs authorities of the Russian Federation ;
d) flight technical staff, as well as workers and employees of aviation and railway transport, directly carrying out and providing transportation or engaged in the maintenance and repair of airplanes (helicopters), airfield equipment, rolling stock and railway transport devices;
e) the floating composition of ships of the sea fleet, as well as the floating composition of the river fleet and the fishing industry fleet - during the navigation period;
f) citizens who are directly involved in sowing and harvesting work - during the period of such work;
g) citizens who are pedagogical workers of educational institutions;
h) citizens studying full-time and part-time (evening) forms of education in educational institutions;
i) citizens enrolled in correspondence courses in educational institutions - for the period of examination and test sessions and writing a thesis;
j) citizens dismissed from military service - within two years from the date of transfer to the reserve;
k) citizens with three or more minor children;
m) citizens who have grounds for postponement of conscription for military service;
m) citizens staying outside the Russian Federation;
o) members of the Council of Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, senior officials of the subjects of the Russian Federation (heads of the highest executive bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation), citizens temporarily acting as the highest official of the subject of the Russian Federation (head of the highest executive bodies of state power of the subject of the Russian Federation) ;
o) citizens who, in accordance with the established procedure, submitted legislative (representative) bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation as candidates for the highest officials of the subjects of the Russian Federation (heads of the highest executive bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation) - until a decision is taken to reject the submitted candidate or to allot its powers as the highest official of the subject of the Russian Federation (the head of the highest executive body of the power of the subject of the Russian Federation);
p) citizens who have undergone alternative civilian service.
The existing law states that people in military service may be brought to military training for up to 2 months, but not more than 12 months for the entire time they are in reserve.
Understanding that the fine in 500 rubles for draft dodgers from passing military gatherings looks ridiculous, government agencies decided to take the path of toughening (now fashionable word) sanctions.
So, according to the newspaper "News", the Ministry of Defense is proposing to introduce a new article of the Code of Administrative Offenses, which will be referred to as “Avoidance for military training”. The initiative assumes that for the reservist’s evasion of military training, he can be expected to be fined from 10 to 20 thousand rubles, and for those who have signed a so-called mobilization contract (a contract for which a person is expected to be in the mobilization human reserve) - and 50 thousand rubles. The number of human mobilization reserve of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, according to the latest data, does not exceed 9 thousand people.
10 and 20 thousand rubles are, of course, not 500 rubles, like today, but certainly not the amounts that can really frighten the unconscious part of reservists. But why, in this case, does not focus on the growth of fines to even more impressive values for draft dodgers from military training? The reason is that with the existing state of affairs, a conscious person after receiving the summons will come to the military commissariat himself, but the unconscious will not only ignore the fees, but also the fines with which the court will award him. In this regard, the Ministry of Defense is trying to find, if it is possible to express itself in this situation, the "golden mean" - the amount of the fine is not purely symbolic, but it does not fall on a person’s shoulders either.
But the main thing is not fine. The main thing is that the Ministry of Defense wants to go along the path of increasing the motivation of the population, full information. The defense ministry is going to involve in the leadership of regional recruiting campaigns (and in relation to reservists, too) not ordinary representatives, namely, heads of local governments. We are talking about the governors and the heads of the regions (governors). In other words, the heads of municipalities and subjects of the Federation of the Ministry of Defense intend to attract increased motivation among the population for military service (fees) - whether it is an 18-year-old boy or an accomplished man who served a “deferral” 20 years ago. That is, not only representatives of the defense department, but also local authorities should inform citizens that they are kept at the time of military training, the average salary at the place of main work, plus salary paid for being in a military post, based on the material support of a contract military soldier . In addition, the leaders of municipalities and regions should increase motivation by doing everything so that the employer does not bypass the law, but retains jobs for reservists who are called for training.
The activities of the regional authorities of the Ministry of Defense paid special attention during the recent large-scale exercises Center-2015 and previous combat training exercises. As is known, the supreme commander set before the Defense Ministry the task of establishing contact with regional authorities in order to verify the possibilities of mobilization. Official data on this segment of the exercise were presented very sparingly, but as far as it was found out, the Defense Ministry is not yet ready to put the representatives of the local authorities for their work “in a team” (for conducting the exercises) to a satisfactory assessment. The local authorities have a large field for efforts to eliminate errors and omissions.
Now regional authorities will be more actively involved in the work of a mobilization nature, and this front of work must also become one of the indicators of the effectiveness of local authorities.