Military Review

October 4 - Day of the Space Forces of Russia

October 4 in Russia celebrates the Day of the Space Forces. After a whole series of revisions and reform decisions, the Space Forces of Russia became a branch of the Air and Space Forces. The final decision on this issue was taken quite recently - August 1 2015. In the holiday calendar, the Day of the Space Forces appeared also not so long ago - in 2002, when Russian President Vladimir Putin signed decree No. 1115, presented by changes to the previously issued presidential decree (No. 1239 from December 10 on 1995) and named the decree "On the establishment of the Rocket Day strategic troops and the Day of the Military Space Forces ".

From the text of the presidential decree from October 3 2002 of the year:
1. Amend the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on December 10 1995 №1239 "On the establishment of the Strategic Missile Forces Day and the Day of the Military Space Forces" (Collection of the legislation of the Russian Federation, 1995, N 50, Art.4907), replacing the title and paragraph 2 the words "Military Space Forces" by the words "Space Forces".
2. This Decree shall enter into force on October 4 2002.

October 4 - Day of the Space Forces of Russia

The decree came into force, and since then the servicemen of the Space Wax of the Russian Federation - a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces - celebrate their own professional holiday.

The date of the celebration of the Day of the Space Forces is associated with the success of the Soviet cosmonautics. Speech on the date of the first artificial satellite of the Earth - 4 October 1957 year. Created by prominent Soviet scientists and designers Mstislav Keldysh, Mikhail Tikhonravov, Nikolai Lidorenko, of course, project leader Sergei Korolyov “Sputnik-1” (he is PS-1) became a real breakthrough. It was from this moment that the actual exploration of space began, and it was also the launch of the first artificial spacecraft that can be considered one of the starting points in the rivalry of superpowers in space.

The name of the PS-1 in the Soviet Union was decoded as "simplest satellite, ”however, this epithet by definition could not reflect the gigantic amount of work carried out by Soviet specialists: from the preparation of a memorandum by Mikhail Tihonravov about the need to start work on creating an“ unnatural ”(mid-50-s term) satellite the countries of Sergei Korolev that the satellite is not just scientific fun, but the highest scientific and technical achievement in terms of level and benefits; from the first mathematical calculations and drawing sketches of the satellite itself to the preparation of the P-7 ICBM, which 4 of October 1957 of the year brought the satellite to near-earth orbit.

Moscow. Monument to the creators of the first AES

Pravda Newspaper 5 and 6 October 1957 published TASS messages:
As a result of the hard work of research institutes and design bureaus, the world's first artificial satellite was created. October 4 1957 of the year in the USSR produced the successful launch of the first satellite. According to preliminary data, the launch vehicle informed the satellite the required orbital speed of about 8000 meters per second. At present, the satellite describes elliptical trajectories around the Earth, and its flight can be observed in the rays of the rising and setting Sun using simple optical tools (binoculars, telescopes, etc.).

According to the calculations, which are now refined by direct observations, the satellite will move at altitudes up to 900 kilometers above the Earth's surface; the time of one complete revolution of the satellite will be 1 hour 35 minutes, the angle of inclination of the orbit to the equatorial plane is equal to 65 °. Over the area of ​​the city of Moscow 5 October 1957, the satellite will pass twice - in 1 hour 46 min. nights and 6 hour. 42 min. am Moscow time. Messages about the subsequent movement of the first artificial satellite launched in the USSR on October 4 will be broadcast regularly by broadcasting radio stations.

The significance of the success of the Soviet cosmonautics was not underestimated by foreign "partners". When in the West they learned about the launch of Sputnik-1, this fact created the effect of a bombshell. American newspapers came out with headlines that the Soviet Union was gaining a gigantic advantage over the United States, and the hottest heads among the American expert community tried to convince compatriots that the USSR was about to start bombarding the territory of the United States with nuclear warheads, which Moscow would supposedly “be equipped with Or has already equipped the satellite. The absence (for obvious reasons) of open (including scientific) information about Soviet development in the West only fueled paranoia. Apparently, the sound of a cheerful squeak of satellite transmitters forced the "partners" to draw in their imagination the terrible pictures of "Russian aggression."

Considering the fact that the States were also working on creating the satellite, the launch of the first satellite, namely the Soviet Union, was a blow to their image, as the Americans themselves say. Therefore, the work on creating our own satellite in the United States was not just continued, but was activated as much as possible. As a result, its first satellite (by the way, the word “satellite” itself was already firmly established not only in everyday speech, but also in explanatory dictionaries of a number of foreign countries - without translation). The US launched 1 February 1958 of the year. Speech about the satellite "Explorer-1", created in the scientific laboratory of Werner von Braun. It should be noted that the launch of Explorer 1 was preceded by failure to send another American satellite Vanguard 6.5in Satellite 1 into near-earth orbit - the satellite rocket exploded at launch on Cape Canaveral 1 in December 1957 of the year, which became an additional psychological blow for partners ".

By the time of the successful launch of the first American satellite, the Soviet “Sputnik-1” had already managed to make 1440 orbits around the Earth and descend from 4 in January 1958.

The creation of full-fledged space troops in the current understanding of these units and formations of the RF Armed Forces was far away, but by the time the first artificial satellite of the Earth was launched in the USSR, the first military units of space had already existed. Naturally, no adjectives of the “space” format for the troops then existed yet, but the fact remains that in connection with the start of construction of the Baikonur cosmodrome, such units were created as part of the artillery of the Reserve of the Supreme Command. It was the parts created in 1955 that took the most direct part in launching the rocket with the first satellite.

Already in the 60-ies, the Central Administration of Space Facilities appeared, subsequently renamed and reformatted into the General Directorate of Space Facilities (GUKOS) of the Strategic Missile Forces.

And in 1992 for the first time, the concept of “Military space forces” appears, and not only a concept appears, but also work is underway to form a kind of central subordination forces - videoconferencing (not to be confused with the current abbreviation today, which stands for Aerospace Forces).

Over the years of its existence, the Space Forces (under one name or another) have carried out hundreds of successful space launches, putting into orbit constellations of satellites for various purposes: from meteorological to reconnaissance. The Russian satellite group formed to this point allows for detailed monitoring of what is happening on Earth, to help the crews aviation, land and naval military-technical units with the determination of coordinates, target designation, with the search for effective ways to overcome certain obstacles along the route. Communication satellites launched by the Space Forces specialists make it possible to coordinate the work of individual military formations, increase the success of joint actions and achieve real success both in training and in combat activities.

"Military Review" congratulates servicemen of the Space Forces and service veterans on the holiday!
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  1. Kenji
    Kenji 4 October 2015 00: 23
    I congratulate you hi
    1. One, two, on the left.
      One, two, on the left. 4 October 2015 06: 22
      Thank you guys. We won’t let you down. Khan is a goat.
    2. atalef
      atalef 4 October 2015 08: 01
      All who served in the videoconferencing on holiday !!!!!
      NPC -16 (Evpatoria -19)
      DMB -90 hi
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 4 October 2015 08: 03
        Quote: atalef
        DMB -90

        Happy Holiday laughing
        1. atalef
          atalef 4 October 2015 08: 11
          Quote: Alexander Romanov
          Happy Holiday

          Aging, brother, getting old laughing
          You went to bed, and even before 1 night (in Moscow) I had fun on Skype. wink
          1. Alexander Romanov
            Alexander Romanov 4 October 2015 08: 29
            Quote: atalef
            and even before 1 night (in Moscow) I had fun on Skype.

            With whom belay
            Quote: atalef
            Aging, brother, getting old

            It was 2055, Atalef went into the skyip bar
            1. atalef
              atalef 4 October 2015 14: 09
              Quote: Alexander Romanov
              Quote: atalef
              and even before 1 night (in Moscow) I had fun on Skype.

              With whom belay
              Quote: atalef
              Aging, brother, getting old

              It was 2055, Atalef went into the skyip bar

              well for 86 - I will not look bad drinks laughing
      2. ZU-23
        ZU-23 4 October 2015 08: 25
        Happy Holidays !!! Are you really busy with important space business? laughing
        1. Baikonur
          Baikonur 4 October 2015 11: 49
          Join us!
          Congratulations on the holiday, VKS Day!
          Everyone who is involved in this!
          I started in the VKS (Military Space Forces) and now - again the VKS (only - the Airspace Forces!)
          Today is the 58th anniversary of the launch of the 1st artificial earth satellite!
          I recall my homeland and my favorite city - Leninsk, Baikonur!
          I wish our VKS victories over US-terrorists all over the planet!
          Hurray, comrades! HOORAY! HOORAY! HOORAY!
      3. The comment was deleted.
      4. Cesar_Xnumx
        Cesar_Xnumx 4 October 2015 18: 28
        Happy Holidays!
        GC PRN US Kvadrat Solnechnogorsk-7
        DMB 11
    3. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 4 October 2015 14: 00
      With the holiday conquerors of heaven and space! drinks
  2. USSR 1971
    USSR 1971 4 October 2015 00: 42
    Happy holiday dear colleagues and colleagues! The main thing is not in the name, we have been reformed so many times that we are tired of changing the emblems on shoulder straps. The main thing is to defend the homeland.
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 4 October 2015 00: 48
    Let there be such a holiday, especially to whom it refers - deserve it.
    Happy Holidays of the Protectors of the Cosmos, and hence the Earth!
  4. Throw
    Throw 4 October 2015 02: 33
    VKS and VKS)
    The difference between the atmosphere and space for cars is being erased faster and faster, and in a decade or two for pilots it will sound just as familiar as "occupying an echelon", it will sound "occupying an orbit."
    And perhaps tomorrow, science fiction will cease to be. Inspired by something on the topic wink :

    Anyone who has ever survived the atmospheric attack of a space fighter at least once will never forget this.

    There were times when people, especially civilians, simply went crazy.

    Gregor experienced something similar. A week ago, he considered himself a tough guy, but in these seven days too much has changed in his life, and he could not have foreseen that he would have to become not only an involuntary eyewitness, but the target of this attack itself.

    The first, preceding the appearance of the spacecraft, came a taut air wave mixed with a deafening roar. Gregor, who had already seen the ajar metal gates of the coveted storage bunker, was pushed into the back and thrown onto the ice. Impressed with all its magnitude by a visor into the glassy concrete covered with bluish scab, he almost lost consciousness. Blood splashed from a broken nose, dirtying the faceplate of the helmet, but it still turned out to be not the worst from behind, rolling out all the insides, a deafening roar, and even the material of the spacesuit could not save him.

    Standing on all fours, Gregor, shell-shocked by a blow to the ice and this deafening sound, his eyes wide, watched as all the windows suddenly burst in a nearby tower of the supervisory control, flying out with a sparkling blizzard.

    The icy ground suddenly reared up and began to leave from under it, this air wave generated by the fighter’s engines, somersaulting, carried it away from the treasured warehouse.

    He wanted to yell, but could not

    As if a devilish obsession, from under the gray, leaden clouds suddenly burst out a black hunched-nosed machine, the armor of which was doused with flashes of static electricity, and went along with the hot, ice-evaporating air to sweep the empty starting fields and lonely warehouses with the even, businesslike fire of four automatic vacuum turrets. .. "
    (C) A. Livadny.
    1. Berthan
      Berthan 4 October 2015 06: 16
      Yes ... A number of authors, just right - to write in "honorary" ...
  5. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 4 October 2015 04: 11
    All graduates of the radio engineering (3) faculty of the HVVKIU RV WITH A HOLIDAY!

    You can talk a lot about the formation of the Air Force ... for me, GUKOS or the Military Cosmic Forces were more clear and correct ...
    VOLCHOXURAL 4 October 2015 06: 31
    If you start to understand all of our holidays, you won’t be able to, you’ll get drunk faster in the trash wassat ! Well, okay, we’re Russians, we don’t have many holidays drinks . And of course, celebrate the whole thing with festive bombing of terrorists! fellow
    1. Berthan
      Berthan 4 October 2015 08: 01
      The main thing is not to miss it ...
  7. Vityok
    Vityok 4 October 2015 06: 59
    Congratulations to all military personnel and veterans of the Space Forces on a holiday! love
  8. Berthan
    Berthan 4 October 2015 07: 14
    From the beginning - a little off topic ...
    We are already accustomed to the fact that the measure of the quality of actions of our leadership is - reaching, because of those or other lines: VIZG ...
    I believe this is true, and with respect to the current - the Syrian operation. Bombs, judging by the reaction-errection of the defendants-go where they should.
    Damn it’s a pity that in the framework of the current (and likely next) campaign - it will not work either, they will process the kings there in the same way ... It really hurts them - crazy bucks, the tower was demolished. Thousand-story skyscrapers, and yachts with an aircraft carrier - they no longer carry away ... Big politics - with this asshole ... serve ...
  9. Berthan
    Berthan 4 October 2015 07: 43
    Ugh, you ... The pilots have a holiday, and I'm here demagoguery, you panim ... Let’s (with someone how much is available) raise - for our glorious aviators and hollows !!!! DZ-ZN-N !!!!
  10. SokolfromRussia
    SokolfromRussia 4 October 2015 08: 23
    Happy holiday to all involved!
    DMB 2014!
  11. sl22277
    sl22277 4 October 2015 08: 27
    Sincerely sincerely Congratulations on the Day of the Russian Space Forces!

    Slowly rockets fly away
    You do not wait to meet with them ...
    And although America is a little sorry
    The best, of course, is ahead!
    1. avt
      avt 4 October 2015 09: 16
      Quote: sl22277
      Sincerely sincerely Congratulations on the Day of the Russian Space Forces!

      A falling rocket burned
      And calculation ran from her
      Who has ever seen this
      That horseradish will do for a rocket.

      After all, they confused only the button
      In the command center on the remote
      No unfamiliar village
      At an unnamed height.

      And more.

      Filled rockets. Of course, not with water
      And it’s time to press the start button,
      Come on, friend, with you we will step aside
      At least it flew away, God forbid, we merge.


      I know, friends, that many years will pass,
      And the world will forget about our labors.
      But in the form of fragments of various rockets
      Our tracks will remain.

      And in the morning, after the start, the legs do not obey,
      The rocket flew away, pour it on, brother, a glass,
      We finished work and we have to go home
      Let now comrade Levitan hoarse.

      Rockets fly into space
      Heroes cosmonauts no longer count,
      Space cards are being filled with tablets,
      And we - to fix motor vehicles and starts.

      Hotels with bugs and dusty roads,
      We are all, buddy, who came to experience,
      Let the newspapers write that we live like gods,
      And we remember the newspapers and go for a walk.
      1. avt
        avt 4 October 2015 12: 03
        Both on . Hear the minasator, have you ever gone to work from Leninsk on a motor vehicle in the morning? Or of the Potsriots / Political Politicians - theorists? What they teach the Motherland to love is satedly belching out cognac instead of hydrashka.laughing
        1. kirpich
          kirpich 4 October 2015 17: 54
          He can only minus ... but in order to identify himself, he doesn’t have enough points for that ... (PAINTS) damn it ...
  12. Yak-3P
    Yak-3P 4 October 2015 08: 30
    now the flyers already have 3 holidays Cosmonautics day. WWS.VKS .. do not drain alcohol from the chassis !!
    photo stesha and kotsa looked at Rusvesna .. account for 34 fly without anti-overload ...
  13. igorka357
    igorka357 4 October 2015 09: 53
    Happy VKS ... peaceful space for all of us!
  14. Gypsy girl
    Gypsy girl 4 October 2015 11: 07
    Happy Holidays!
  15. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 4 October 2015 12: 40
    Thanks to the Author for a wonderful article !!! I will join in the congratulations! With all my heart I congratulate all Our Cosmonauts on this wonderful holiday !!! I also congratulate all the employees of the MCC !!! Also, all the employees unknown to us who participate in this important work !!!
    I once read that the bottom of some lunar craters turns green every local morning, and after 14 earth days (when TAM comes evening) the brown color normal for the Moon returns. Plus temperature differences on the Moon --- we get evidence of the existence of lunar VEGETATION, which instead of oxygen --- solar radiation !!!
    And on the Web I found pictures of an abandoned lunar city (without protective domes !!!!!!!), three craters in the form of regular 6-gons, etc. d.
    In the book I saw a picture of Iapetus --- Saturn’s satellite. The satellite is large --- about 1500 km. There along exactly the equator is an even mountain range. Moreover, it’s quite ancient.
    I can’t wait until Our Cosmonauts fly there and find out what and how.
    Karl Sagan. Cosmos. St. Petersburg. Amphora. 2008.
    Giles Sparrow Planets St. Petersburg, Amphora. 2008.
    Mark A. Garlick, Illustrated Atlas: The Universe. M. Machaon. 2009
    Felix Yuryevich Siegel. Treasures of the Starry Sky. Guide to the Constellations and the Moon. M. Nauka. 1987
    V.V. Shevchenko. Modern Selenography. M. Nauka. 1980.
    Planet Venus. Atmosphere, surface, internal structure. M. Nauka. 1989.
  16. wk
    wk 4 October 2015 13: 26
    there are no space troops in Russia .... no need to go into the charm, as our Priests say! our Air Force is not in the first three .... and this must be recognized!
  17. V1451145
    V1451145 4 October 2015 13: 49
    26 years later, the red empire again distributes piz
  18. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 4 October 2015 13: 57
    How did they say about GLONAS? And now?
    Maloli who has some stupid mood? And others may have a completely different mood.
  19. Izotovp
    Izotovp 4 October 2015 14: 04
    With the holiday of all and separately teachers and course Mozhaiki! Golden time of study !!!
  20. datur
    datur 5 October 2015 09: 31
    I’m an ITALIAN, but I’m hungry for them !!!!!! wink
  21. Roust
    Roust 4 October 2017 14: 47
    I join in the congratulations !!! Happy Holidays !!! Those who served on Majdanak Mountain will never forget the white domes of towers, huge telescopes, snow above the pillars, beautiful mountains and a clear starry sky. ... Happy Holiday !!!