Military Review

120 anniversary of the Soviet intelligence officer Richard Sorge

27
120 anniversary of the Soviet intelligence officer Richard Sorge

120 years ago, 4 October 1895, was born one of the outstanding intelligence officers of the century, Hero of the Soviet Union Richard Sorge. He had an amazing life, because he began his life journey as a soldier of the German army, participating in the First World War, fought against Russia. In the 1920-ies became a citizen of the USSR. In 1925, he joined the VKP (b). At the same time became the agent of the Intelligence Agency of the Red Army.


It was he who, working in Japan under the code name Ramsay, reported the approximate date of the attack of the Third Reich on the USSR. He warned Moscow that in 1941 Japan would not declare war to the Soviet Union, which contributed to the victory in the Great Patriotic War. October 18 1941, Richard Sorge was arrested by Japanese police and sentenced to death. 7 November 1944. The Japanese executed a Soviet intelligence officer.

The future great scout Richard Sorge was born on October 4 1898 in Baku. His father was the German Gustav Wilhelm Richard Sorge, who was engaged in oil production at the Nobel company in the Baku fields, and his mother was a Russian woman Nina Stepanovna Kobeleva, from a working family. The Sorge family had 9 children. Interestingly, Richard's great-uncle, Friedrich Adolf Sorge, was one of the leaders of the First International, an assistant to Karl Marx.

At the end of the 19th century, a large family of Sorge left Russia for Germany. Settled in a suburb of Berlin. Richard studied at a real school. In 1914, Richard joined the German army as a volunteer and took part in the First World War. He participated in battles on the Western and Eastern fronts. On the battlefield was wounded three times, almost died, remained lame for life. For his bravery, he won the Iron Cross. In 1918, he was dismissed from military service for disability.

The war awakened his “left” roots. “World War ... had a profound effect on my whole life,” he wrote. “I think that whatever influence I may have had from other various factors, it was only because of this war that I became a communist.”

Richard was a very clever and talented man, he studied a lot. In 1918, he received a diploma from the Friedrich Wilhelm Imperial University in Berlin. After demobilization entered the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Kiel. Then he enrolled in a university in Hamburg and received a doctorate degree in state and law. 1919 received a degree in economics. During this period, he was a participant in a number of speeches by left-wing forces who tried to organize a revolution in Germany, was a propagandist, and also worked as a journalist. He became a member of the Independent Social Democratic Party, and then the Communist Party of Germany.

Shortly after the ban of the activities of the German Communist Party, Sorge, with the approval of the party leadership, in 1924, he ended up in the USSR. Here the fate of Richard Sorge made a sharp turn. The young communist joined the VKP (b), received the citizenship of the Soviet Union, and was hired by the Comintern. Promising young man noticed, and he was recruited by the foreign intelligence service of the Red Army. Five years working in the residency, Sorge on the line of the Comintern was sent to China. In China, he was responsible for organizing operational intelligence activities and creating a network of whistleblowers.

In 1933, it was decided to send Richard Sorge to Japan, where he arrived on 6 in September 1933, as a correspondent for the famous German newspapers Bursen Courier and Frankfurter Zeitung. Two years later, the "journalist" Sorge received official permission of the Soviet intelligence service to work for the Germans. As a result, Sorge became a double agent. In the Japanese Empire, he was considered a staunch patriot of Germany, an employee of German intelligence. The Japanese knew that Sorge was a scout and followed him closely. The German roof for a long time allowed Sorge to act against Japan.

The closest associates of Sorge were a Japanese journalist, communist Hotsumi Ozaki and radio operator Max Clausen. Later they were joined by journalist Branko Vukelich and artist Yotoku Miyagi. When military attaché Eugen Ott became the German ambassador to Japan, Sorge was given the position of spokesperson for the embassy, ​​which allowed him to gain access to the most secret information that the Germans owned. Intelligence from an agent under the code "Ramsay" flowed through Shanghai and Vladivostok to Moscow.

In 1937, the town of Sorge and its residency in Moscow were planned to be recalled and destroyed. This decision was nevertheless canceled. However, Sorge remained under suspicion. There was a suspicion that he was supplying misinformation. The residency was retained, but with a dubious signature "politically inferior", "probably revealed by the enemy and working under its control."

Contrary to the well-known myth, Sorge did not inform Moscow of the "exact date" of the German attack. This myth was created in the USSR to blacken Stalin. A fake with the exact date of the attack of Germany - "22 June", appeared under Khrushchev, when de-Stalinization was going on, and it was necessary to blame Stalin for being "guilty" for not paying attention to intelligence reports, which led to the catastrophes of the initial period of war.

Sorge, like other informants, intelligence officers reported on the impending attack of Germany. However, the dates changed several times and many of them were misinformation, which England and Germany tried to provoke the USSR to aggression. In Berlin and London, they wanted the USSR to attack Germany itself. Then, in the eyes of the world community, the Soviet Union would have looked like an aggressor, against which it was possible to organize a pan-European crusade led by Germany, and possibly England. The US remained neutral. But this idea could not be realized. Stalin did not provoke himself. Britain and the United States were forced, although they were afraid and hated the Soviet civilization, which challenged them, offering their concept of a new world order - a just minority over the majority, free from parasitism, to become allies of the Soviet Union. The enemies of the USSR temporarily put on the disguise of "allies" and "partners" of Moscow.

In 1941, Sorge received various information about the imminent German attack on the USSR from the German ambassador Ott, as well as naval and military attaches. However, the information received by Sorge was constantly changing. In March, Richard Sorge said that the attack would occur after the end of the war with Britain. In May, the intelligence officer pointed to an attack at the end of the month, but with reservations “this year the danger may pass” and “either after the war with England”. In late May, after the early information was not confirmed, Sorge reports that the attack will occur in the first half of June. Two days later, again specifies the date - June 15. After the term “15 of June” passed, the scout reported that the war was delayed until the end of June. 20 Jun Sorge does not report the dates and only expresses confidence that the war will necessarily take place.

Thus, Richard Sorge called several terms that were not confirmed. Only reported that war, apparently, is inevitable. But it was already known in the Kremlin. Sorge and intelligence in general did not give an exact date, they did not say unequivocally that the war would begin on June 22.

However, Sorge helped the USSR by saying that Japan would not oppose the USSR by the end of 1941 of the year and at the beginning of 1942. This saved Russia from the war on two strategic fronts and allowed to transfer fresh, personnel divisions and equipment from the Far East and Siberia under Moscow, to stop the "Typhoon".

During this period, more than 20 reports were received from Richard Sorge to Moscow on this issue. They consistently showed the struggle in the highest echelons of the military-political elite of Japan on the issue of the expediency of entering the war against the USSR in the second half of 1941, and also revealed the efforts of the German representatives to draw the Japanese empire into this war. The information received from Sorge in August-September 1941 was carefully analyzed by the command of the General Staff of the Red Army. Some of them were classified as misinformational, but most were still recognized as valuable.

After Sorge's information was confirmed through other channels (in particular, from residents in Switzerland and the USA), Moscow was able to conclude that Japan did not intend to enter the war against the Soviet Union in the second half of 1941. The Headquarters made a difficult but correct decision under those conditions - to relocate part of the troops from the Far East and Siberia to the western direction, including to strengthen the defense of Moscow. This helped repel the German strike and defend Moscow, and then go on the counteroffensive.

18 October 1941 Sorge was arrested by Japanese police. The arrests of the Japanese members of the residency began earlier: Miyagi - October 10, Odzaki - October 14 1941. During the search of the houses of the main members of the group, documents showing the espionage activity were found at all, starting with Sorge himself. I must say that the Japanese intercepted the first radiogram back in 1937. Since then, the reports were intercepted regularly. However, the Japanese intelligence services did not succeed in deciphering one of the intercepted radiograms or at least locating the transmitting station until the very beginning of the arrests of members of the group Sorge. Messages were decrypted only after radio operator Max Clausen gave out everything he knew about encryption codes.

The investigation into the case of "Ramsay" was delayed for several years. Sorge was tortured. Gradually, methodically, for months, information was squeezed out of Richard. Scout to the last kept faith in the victory of the USSR. During the 24 March 1942 interrogation, he noted: “I categorically reject the idea that the USSR will be defeated or be crushed as a result of the war with Germany. If one imagines the hardest thing for the USSR, then, I believe, it would be the loss of Moscow and Leningrad and, as a result, the loss to the Volga basin. But even in this case, Germany will not be able to seize the Caucasus ... The USSR will retain a tremendous force of resistance. That is why I am convinced that it is meaningless to assume that the Soviet state can be crushed. ” During the investigation, Sorge made the following statement: “Now ... I am even more entrenched in the correctness of my decision made by 25 years ago. I can decisively declare this, considering everything that has happened in my life during these 25 years, and especially over the past year. ”

The court in Tokyo was closed. 29 September 1943 was convicted: Sorge and Odzaki - the death penalty. Miyagi, twice unsuccessfully trying to commit suicide, died in prison of tuberculosis. Clausen and Vukelich sentenced to life. Clausen's wife, Anna, received seven years. The sentence was enforced on 7 on November 1944 of the year. Sorge was hanged in Sugamo prison in Tokyo, after which his body was buried in a prison mass grave.

5 November 1964 was scout posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union for preventing Japan’s attack on the USSR.
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 4 October 2015 00: 55 New
    +10
    The great talent of the scout allowed him to give such valuable information!
    And this man left a memory of himself.
    Remember and grieve.
    1. Lyton
      Lyton 4 October 2015 03: 37 New
      +4
      A man of legend, in his youth, read a book about him, was very impressed, sent valuable information to the center, but they did not believe him and did not try to save him after his arrest.
      1. avt
        avt 4 October 2015 09: 10 New
        0
        Quote: Lyton
        A man of legend, in his youth, read a book about him, was very impressed, sent valuable information to the center, but they did not believe him and did not try to save him after his arrest.

        So what ? Type of youth has not yet come out and even read the article obliquely? Can re-read and think again? Well, over a few historical facts: Firstly, he began as an agent of the Comintern. And who led him from Stalin's sworn friends? Do not tell me? Well, and how do you think the new intelligence leadership and Stalin should personally relate to the reports of the Comintern agents? We carefully checked the minimum according to several sources, which was actually done, in particular with the same Cambridge Four, whose curator Feldin / Orlov fled with money from Spain to America, where, ABOUT THE MIRACLE did not hand over the agents whom he knew, but the Americans in his turn and did not bother him and said - okay, here you have citizenship and live in peace wassat Are you ready to swallow such an official version? Me not. Secondly - well, he did not give the exact date of the attack! Only the last of 11 seems to match. Well, and how do management relate to the source of such information? Moreover - where does the same ambassador, for a second, in JAPAN know the exact date of the attack on the USSR ????! Hitler is such a stupid person that he sent telegrams to embassies around the world with the date of the exact attack ??? And thirdly - without detracting from the exploit of the scout, they have a rule there - if they took it, then do not admit it, admitted - do not write, wrote - do not sign, signed - refuse. This is a matter of exchange and why it was not exchanged like Fischer.
        1. kursk87
          kursk87 4 October 2015 10: 18 New
          +3
          However, all the circumstances you indicated did not prevent the Soviet leadership from turning to Sorge to find out about Japan’s plans during the difficult situation of the Soviet troops in the fight against German troops on the western borders. That is why it was believed here that the scout was taken and took a rather risky step, having thrown troops from the east. There was no time to double-check the information, since every day of the war was very expensive for the Soviet people, so this step could only take place if the information came from a reliable source
          1. avt
            avt 4 October 2015 11: 08 New
            0
            Quote: kursk87
            However, all the circumstances you indicated did not prevent the Soviet leadership from turning to Sorge to learn about Japan’s plans.

            laughing laughing Do you even understand what you are writing about! ??? ,, Contact "???? Was he the Oracle? Clairvoyant ??? He would be ONE of the agents to whom the DIRECTIVE WAS sent to get data on the issue of interest. And certainly not on one report the management made this or that decision.
            Quote: kursk87
            There was no time to double-check the information,

            fool laughing laughing Yeah! Straight after, he ran out of breath to Stalin in the office past Poskrebyshev screaming, “I’m urgent on the case!” laughing laughing laughingWell, it's time to grow up already - NOBODY, NEVER, and NEVER makes strategic decisions based on ONE source. Even rechecking his data implies the work of the NETWORK in his direction.
            1. kursk87
              kursk87 4 October 2015 17: 10 New
              +1
              Sources could be different. But they could contradict each other. According to official data, it was precisely the information of Scout Sorge about the lack of offensive actions from Japan that served as the beginning of the transfer of troops from the eastern direction. The official history does not yet know about other sources, and you, dear, definitely cannot say. If you already decided to discuss, then do it without boorish comments
              1. avt
                avt 4 October 2015 17: 51 New
                0
                Quote: kursk87
                . The official story does not yet know about other sources,

                laughing laughing laughing ,, No, well, this is decidedly impossible " laughing Who will announce to you the agents who WAS NOT DISCLOSED! ?? AND MORE THAN THEIR INFORMATION, where can sources of information be revealed? Yes, for example, the Angles at home, for example, put a security stamp for 50-100 years, and after the expiration of the term they declare the extension of the neck - forever cut "
                Quote: kursk87
                If you already decided to discuss,

                I AM ?? To discuss ??? Yes, I have a concert listening at this post - ,, an evening of humor a la Zadornov ".. Want to discuss - look, read and analyze for a start P. Kondratiev ,, Flight through the years" Then you can write in a personal letter - we’ll talk,
                Quote: Riv
                And after the war ended, the Americans became interested in the grave of Sorge and seemed to even exhume.
                We draw conclusions ...
                There is only one conclusion - he admitted, or he was pressed against the wall that he was a Soviet intelligence agent, and the Center naturally went on the principle and rejected it, for reasons known only to top management, the normal practice for which ANY should be prepared, well, who chooses such a service Fatherland in such a field. What to do, their fate is not for writing scripts of cinema is the very specificity of the work.
                Quote: Riv
                .. A curious fact: the Japanese did not execute spies of countries with which Japan was not at war.

                He wasn’t executed right away, if memory serves you better, think of such a charade - he was known in Germany as an ardent communist, and the Commintern introduced it under his name through Nazi Germany, where the Geheim State policeman perfectly inquired about those who were going to work in the German press as a correspondent, and even registered as a communal apartment in the embassy, ​​especially with an open, active communist past from the time of the war, and even in the Far East - China also entered his sphere of interests. Everyone here knows that during the war our volunteers were all kinds of, Americans, but what about the fact that apart from the daughter-in-law - the wife of the son of a student in the USSR, at the headquarters of Chiang Kai-shek, one more very interesting character from Germany was establishing intelligence? So when sending him to work, the legend didn’t do him a hundred pounds, not the one they write in books, but a double, or maybe a triple. Here we’ll never know.
                1. Turkir
                  Turkir 4 October 2015 19: 57 New
                  +1
                  Before making conclusions, it’s good to collect information.
                  You do not even know the obvious information - he did not betray anyone, despite the torture. Moreover, Hitler demanded his extradition from the Japanese government as a German citizen.
                  Sorge immediately declared that he was a citizen of the USSR, with whom at that time (the arrest was in 1941), Japan was not at the stage of war. He was executed in November 1943. There was no confirmation from the Soviet government that he was a citizen of the USSR, and if he did, he would be released.
                  1. avt
                    avt 4 October 2015 21: 08 New
                    -2
                    Quote: Turkir
                    - he did not betray anyone,

                    And where and when did I write that he betrayed someone! ????? Did you confuse the meaning of verbs for an hour ??? This despite the fact that you yourself write
                    Quote: Turkir
                    Sorge immediately declared that he was a citizen of the USSR,

                    Quote: Turkir
                    There was no confirmation from the Soviet government that he was a citizen of the USSR, and if he did, he would be released.

                    Oh yeah? Japanese counterintelligence officers told you this themselves! ??? laughing Or did they look in the movie, well, in the very one that Khrushchev watched, which the Germans and Germans from Germany removed in the 60s? Or maybe something else about ,, the beast "Stalin wean, well, which ,, ends" hid - Sorge de warned, and ,, paranoid "Stalin did not believe ?? wassat Or maybe you can tell another joke about the corporal who defected on June 22 and who was not believed again. laughing
                    Quote: dmb
                    . That's just why protecting the "bright image of the Leader", who failed to correctly evaluate the information, you need to foul the memory of people who gave their lives.

                    Love me! Well, to hell with her with the image of the Leader, explain to me the poor sirom - what kind of information did he bring to the Leader, but he did not manage to check out? wassat Are you talking about those 11-12 telegrams with the most accurate date of Hitler’s attack on the USSR ???? It may be enough to retell jokes. Maybe look, WHEN was a Tymoshenko telegram sent signed by Zhukov with Stalin’s sanction to put troops on the western border on alert ????
                    Quote: dmb
                    . And there was the Red Chapel,

                    There was, moreover, this is also the KOMINTERN network, of the same Zinoviev / Trotsky, there was also Shandor Rado, who, after the war from Switzerland to the USSR, was called to Moscow and seemed to drop by the road in Budapest to the Aglitz embassy. There must be a drink of tea, but in the end, upon arrival in Moscow, I fell under the castle. Well, what to do - ,, paranoid "The leader was. wassatOr maybe he’ll try to talk about the work of special services not on the film “Shield and Sword"? Although Basov, as a director, was talented.
                    1. dmb
                      dmb 4 October 2015 21: 34 New
                      +1
                      Pretty Here you seem to by this film and judge. And also according to the wild fantasies of the Leader's admirers. In your own words: Have you seen this telegram? Are you sure of her script? Didn't Mukhin tell you about the “overrun” of Rado at the embassy? And where were the glorious "eagles" of the effective manager Lawrence, who did not inform about the villainous neglect of the instructions of the leader on the ground? I know only one thing: in December 1941 the Germans were in 30 km. from the Kremlin, and in November 1942 on the Volga. And blaming everyone except the wise Stalin for this is the essence of the commentary I quoted in the commentary.
                      1. avt
                        avt 4 October 2015 22: 45 New
                        0
                        Quote: dmb
                        Here you are judging by everything from this film and judge.

                        It’s nice, however.
                        Quote: dmb
                        And also according to the violent fantasies of the admirers of the Leader.

                        Aha - Zhukov, with his memoirs, is an admirer of the leader, this is me about the fact of a telegram of bringing troops into combat readiness.
                        Quote: dmb
                        : Have you seen this telegram?

                        About the one that Sorge warned about the attack at 4 a.m. on June 22? Well, which all refer to? wassat Or about the previous ones. So look for yourself - a search engine to help, I will not chew and put in my mouth and ask for a swallow from the principle. Although I repeat liberoid jokes - a flag in my hands.
                        Quote: dmb
                        ? I know only one thing, in December 1941 the Germans were 30 km away. from the Kremlin, and in November 1942 on the Volga. And blaming it on everyone except the wise Stalin, this is the essence of the saying I quoted in the commentary.

                        Quote: dmb
                        ? I know only one thing, in December 1941 the Germans were 30 km away. from the Kremlin, and in November 1942 on the Volga. And blaming it on everyone except the wise Stalin, this is the essence of the saying I quoted in the commentary.

                        laughing Thanks to Stalin, it was thanks to Stalin that the Germans stood ONLY 30 km from Moscow, and not along the Arkhangelsk-Astrakhan line. You don’t tell our fiery hour - and where was hfuhrer Reich after 40 days in the war with France? Here with that very joint-stock company headed by marshals who won the war, well-fed, packed with weapons and the corps of the Angles and without repression and the Civil War on their territory ???
                        Quote: dmb
                        And where were the glorious "eagles" of the effective manager of Lorenius, who did not report the villainous negligence by the instructions of the leader on the ground?

                        But really - what? And why did the Odessa district slow down the Germans, the Kiev poorly and poorly, but kept its positions on the old line of defense, and the Western direction fell down? By the way, who knows what cards the General Staff of the USSR ordered in preparation for war, and what about the territory of the USSR? Look - be very surprised where the extreme line of defense was supposed to go according to the plans of the General Staff, approved by Stalin. So use your brain for its intended purpose - to receive information and analyze it in comparison with ALL, and not the one that you want in accordance with the dogmas in the brain by someone embedded.
                      2. allian
                        allian 4 October 2015 23: 50 New
                        0
                        Quote: avt
                        And why did the Odessa district slow down the Germans, the Kiev poorly and poorly, but kept its positions on the old line of defense, and the Western direction fell down?

                        Maybe because the Germans initially attacked ONLY in the Belorussian district? Did you even see in which directions the tank groups were advancing? Only one group went south of the Belarusian swamps to Kiev. In general, infantry and Romanians attacked Odessa.
                      3. dmb
                        dmb 5 October 2015 10: 04 New
                        0
                        You are the sweetest about the brain, and the analysis of ALL information was rightly noted, it is a pity that you clearly do not use it. Your unconvincing blatancy to the meaningfulness of the discussion does not have, for apparently you. like the beloved Leader has two opinions, yours and the wrong. To this, I consider the discussion completed. To write "accept my assurances of the deepest respect for you" - I will not, because I don’t feel like one to you.
        2. Alex
          Alex 4 October 2015 13: 14 New
          +2
          Quote: kursk87
          However, all the circumstances you indicated did not prevent the Soviet leadership from turning to Sorge to find out about Japan’s plans during the difficult situation of the Soviet troops in the fight against German troops on the western borders. That is why it was believed here that the scout was taken and took a rather risky step, having transferred troops from the east.
          This Sorge, like, was the only scout who worked in Japan?

          Quote: kursk87
          There was no time to double-check the information, since every day of the war was very expensive for the Soviet people, so this step could only take place if the information came from a reliable source
          No matter how trusted the source is, its information must be double-checked. Especially when it comes to strategic issues.
      2. Lyton
        Lyton 4 October 2015 11: 08 New
        +2
        avt Amiable darling from youth, I left, leave your advice to yourself, read the article, maybe you know more than I studied the subject better, but you should not be so clever and rude. Be healthy.
      3. Turkir
        Turkir 4 October 2015 18: 41 New
        +1
        It was prepared and sent by Jan Berzin. Well, and that it is necessary to re-read and what to change your mind?
        It's great to give advice on how an extra-class intelligence officer should behave.
        Because of him, the Japanese government, along with Prime Minister Prince Konoe, was forced to resign. Which scout can boast of this?
        Agent Comintern? And who created the Comintern? Roosevelt's grandmother?
  • Sofia
    Sofia 4 October 2015 01: 21 New
    0
    Thank you, Alexander!
    1. ydjin
      ydjin 4 October 2015 04: 01 New
      +3
      soldier eternal memory to the hero ... He remained faithful to his duty!
  • Riv
    Riv 4 October 2015 05: 46 New
    +1
    The author poured a bit too much. Britain while defeated at sea. Doenitz (not so many submarines) put her on the verge of blockade. It's not up to the Crusades. Churchill was ready to accept any pose before Stalin, if only the USSR entered the war.

    And Sorge ... A curious fact: the Japanese did not execute the spies of countries with which Japan was not at war. Sorge was nevertheless executed. And after the war ended, the Americans became interested in the grave of Sorge and seemed to even exhume.
    We draw conclusions ...
  • Vityok
    Vityok 4 October 2015 07: 24 New
    +5
    Eternal memory to the legendary scout!
  • fa2998
    fa2998 4 October 2015 08: 33 New
    +1
    Quote: Lyton
    A man of legend, in his youth, read a book about him, was very impressed, sent valuable information to the center, but they did not believe him and did not try to save him after his arrest.

    About this "man-legend" in the USSR they "forgot" for 30 years. And Japan offered to exchange Sorge, to no avail! Such a person is not needed, Khrushchev remembered about him. And it started, awards, books, films, articles in the media. hi
    1. avt
      avt 4 October 2015 18: 30 New
      +1
      Quote: fa2998
      Such a person is not needed, Khrushchev remembered about him. And it started, awards, books, films, articles in the media.

      And the film from which Nykyt Sergeevich learned about him was not Soviet at all - in the 60s, Franks and Bundesnemans from Germany removed. laughingHere is such a ponder wassat
  • kursk87
    kursk87 4 October 2015 10: 10 New
    +4
    The legendary intelligence analyst who played an important role in the victory of the Soviet people over fascist Germany
  • Altona
    Altona 4 October 2015 11: 52 New
    +4
    The blessed memory of the bright man ... The great fighter of the invisible front ...
  • allian
    allian 4 October 2015 17: 13 New
    0
    However, Sorge helped the USSR by reporting that Japan would not oppose the USSR until the end of 1941 and the beginning of 1942. It delivered Russia from the war to two strategic fronts and allowed to transfer fresh, personnel divisions and equipment from the Far East and Siberia to Moscow, stop the "Typhoon".

    His information did not affect anything. Even if the Japanese landed in Vladivostok and began to move west, the divisions and equipment would still be removed and transferred to Moscow. And the barriers to the Far East still remained. Just counting on this option. They didn’t shoot everything clean.
    PS. The USSR participated in that war, not Russia.
  • dmb
    dmb 4 October 2015 19: 50 New
    +1
    Of course, any information is rechecked before a decision is made. And the information of Sorge about the beginning of the war was not the only one. Literally yesterday on the site they talked about how our ambassadors were listening. And there was also the Red Chapel, and there were probably still those about whom, thank God, we do not know. That's just why protecting the "bright image of the Leader", who failed to properly evaluate the information, you need to dirty the memory of people who gave their lives. Yes, to hell with him with the leader. "Defenders" thus defame the case to which he served and those who died in this case. Truly: "Helpful d..k is more dangerous than the enemy."
  • Starley from the south
    Starley from the south 4 October 2015 23: 01 New
    +1
    Sorge is the greatest scout of the 20 century, but most of us know very little about him. He is perhaps the only scout who not only transmitted information, but also influenced events, influenced through the wife of Eigen Ott, through himself. It is a pity that the archive about the work of Sorge in Japan, after the 1945 year, migrated to the United States.
  • Old26
    Old26 5 October 2015 13: 11 New
    0
    Quote: Turkir
    He was executed in November 1943. There was no confirmation from the Soviet government that he was a citizen of the USSR, and if he did, he would be released.

    He was executed on November 7, 1944, and not 43. Even if such information had arrived from the embassy (which is nonsense in itself), no one would have released him. Perhaps (I emphasize, perhaps) I would sit until the end of the war, but I think it is unlikely. Rather, they would have given life.

    Quote: avt
    And the film from which Nykyt Sergeevich learned about him was not Soviet at all - in the 60s, Franks and Bundesnemans from Germany removed. Here is such ponimash zagogulina

    And it was called, if my sclerosis doesn’t change me, “Who are you, Dr. Sorge”

    Quote: allian
    His information did not affect anything.

    This is hard to say. Perhaps something supplemented the already known information, perhaps it became that starting point when others began to "dig". In any case, it was one of the fragments of the mosaic ...
    1. Turkir
      Turkir 6 October 2015 01: 50 New
      0
      Actually, I thought they knew more about Sorge here.
      Ah, forgive generously for the typo: 43 years.
      Now let's see what is nonsense or absurdity in Russian. Sorge built his defense competently - the USSR is at the stage of war with Germany. I am a citizen of the USSR working in Japan against Germany.
      There was no evidence of Sorge’s work against Japan.
      Well, and what is absurdity or nonsense? Germany demands his extradition, Sorge says that he is a citizen of the USSR and the Japanese do not know what to do. They obviously did not want to spoil relations with the USSR. That is why there was a delay until 1944. Two years have been waiting for confirmation.
      Many books have been published on the subject of Sorge, which the Americans still call the scout No. 1 of World War II.
      We turn to the topic of the Comintern. Enough and Wiki.
      The Communist International (Comintern, 3rd International) is an international organization uniting the communist parties of various countries in 1919-1943.

      Seventh Congress of the Communist International
      July 25 - August 20, 1935
      The main topic of the meetings was to resolve the issue of consolidating forces in the fight against the growing fascist threat. The United Workers Front was created as a body for coordinating the activities of workers of various political orientations.
      The Comintern was formally dissolved on May 15, 1943. Claiming the dissolution of the Comintern, Stalin tried to impress the Western Allies that he allegedly no longer made plans to establish pro-Soviet, communist regimes in European countries. Moreover, the international reputation of the Comintern by the beginning of the 1940s was very poor, and the Nazis destroyed or suppressed almost all the cells of the Comintern in continental Europe. The strong desire of the CPSU (b) and Stalin personally for hegemony in the Comintern, as well as the liquidation (together with the majority of employees) of almost all structures of the Comintern, also played since the mid-1920s ...

      However andCommander of the Comintern It was not actually eliminated, but simply renamed International Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B.).
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