Military Review

Poland is undoubtedly responsible for the outbreak of world war.

32
Poland is undoubtedly responsible for the outbreak of world war.



On September 28, Russian Ambassador Sergei Andreev was summoned to the Polish Foreign Ministry. The reason for this, according to Foreign Minister Grzegorz Schetyna, was an interview with S. Andreev on TVN 24, in which the ambassador declared that Poland “has partial responsibility” for the catastrophe of the Second World War. The minister described these words as “offensive”, resulting “from misunderstanding stories and the fact of how unjust and untrue they are. ” In a special report of the Polish Foreign Ministry, the statements of S. Andreev were described as undermining the “historical truth” and harming the Polish-Russian relations.

The view of Poland as an exclusively victim of Hitler’s aggression, which was established in historiography and public consciousness, for many decades evoked only natural sympathy for it. However, this view is only partly correct, and empathy for the victim of aggression cannot overshadow the whole picture of what happened in the 30 of the twentieth century. Both international law and criminal law know quite a few examples when not only random subjects (countries or people) but also accomplices of crime became the object of aggression on the part of the criminal. It is not by chance that, in her reaction to the words of the Russian diplomat, Mr. Shetyna and his subordinates didn’t go further than emotion and lamenting about the “lack of understanding of history”: there is nothing for them to cover.

The Russian ambassador, recalling that during the 30 of the last century, Poland had repeatedly blocked attempts to create a coalition to contain Nazi Germany, said far from everything. In fact, Poland did not just put a spoke in the wheels of the forces that were trying to create a collective security system in Europe, and above all to the Soviet Union, but also directly solidarized with Hitler’s expansionist plans.

When September 30 1938 in Munich, Prime Ministers of Great Britain and France N. Chamberlain and E. Daladier put their signatures next to the signatures of A. Hitler and B. Mussolini under the agreement that had committed the aggressors to Czechoslovakia for slaughter, in Warsaw they rubbed their hands in waiting for an easy profit. Back in May, French Foreign Minister J. Bonnet told the Polish ambassador that the plan "on the division of Czechoslovakia between Germany and Hungary with the transfer of Cieszyn Silesia to Poland is not a secret." Warsaw, the very next day after the signing of the Munich Agreement, demanded that the Cieszyn region (Cieszyn Silesia) be handed over to her and, without waiting for an official response, occupied Czechoslovak territory. Here the Poles even outstripped Hitler, who gave Czechoslovakia to clean the Sudetenland region, inhabited by the Germans, 10 days.

Note by the Ambassador of Poland in Czechoslovakia K. Pape to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Czechoslovakia K. Krofte from September 30 1938 is a tracing from the Hitler note to Prague regarding the Sudetentes: the same references to the “intolerable position” of the Polish population in Teshino Oblast, the categorical conclusion that only the “territorial concession” of the respective territories in favor of Poland can normalize bilateral relations and, moreover, impose responsibility for the consequences on the Czechoslovak side in the event of its refusal to fulfill the impudent demands of Warsaw.

The coercion of Czechoslovakia was committed by the will of the Western democracies. But there was still the Soviet Union, which could disrupt the plans of the Munich Four, because it was bound by a treaty of mutual assistance with Czechoslovakia. True, the fulfillment of this treaty required one important condition: that the Red Army could cross the Polish territory separating the USSR from Czechoslovakia. Poland categorically rejected the request for the passage of troops, which was brought to the attention of all interested governments. Thus, the Polish ambassador in Paris, Yu. Lukasevich, assured his colleague from the USA, W. Bullitt, that his country would immediately declare war on the Soviet Union if it tried to send troops through its territory to the borders of Czechoslovakia.

Not everyone in Europe was so naive not to understand that the territorial concessions on the part of the Western democracies at the expense of third countries would only incite Germany’s appetite for new acquisitions, and Hitler should be put in a bargaining agreement with Moscow. In opposition, Winston Churchill told the House of Commons: “We will be in mortal danger if we cannot create a great alliance against aggression. It would be the greatest folly if we would reject the natural cooperation with Soviet Russia. "

21 March 1939 British Ambassador William Sids presented the USSR People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs MM. Litvinov’s draft declaration of Great Britain, USSR, France and Poland, according to which the governments of four countries undertook to “confer on the steps that should be taken for general resistance” to actions that “threaten the political independence of any European state” and affect the world and security in Europe. Although the project was extremely vague and did not suggest effective action to curb the aggression, the Soviet government agreed to sign it on March 23. Poland also gave a negative opinion on the project. London, citing its position, a week later abandoned its initiative.

The short-sighted stance of Warsaw had a fatal effect on the fate of the military convention of the USSR, Great Britain and France, which had not become a reality, which, if signed, would have created a military fist against which Hitler would not stand. Moscow negotiations on the conclusion of such a convention were held in August 1939. The capacity of the document largely depended on the positive decision of the “cardinal issue” - such a definition in the diplomatic correspondence received the consent of Poland and Romania to pass the Red Army troops through their territory.

The report of the subcommittee of the English Chiefs of Staff Committee, submitted to the 17 Cabinet of Ministers on August 1939, contained a recommendation of the following nature: “Concluding a treaty with Russia seems to us the best way to prevent war. The successful conclusion of this treaty will undoubtedly be jeopardized if the proposals on cooperation with Poland and Romania put forward by the Russians will be rejected by these countries ... We would like to emphasize that, from our point of view, if necessary, the strongest pressure should be exerted on Poland and Romania, so that they give consent in advance to the use of the territory by the Russian forces in the event of a German attack. ” However, the British Cabinet was drawing, hoping to reach an agreement with Germany behind the back of the USSR, and declined the pressure in Warsaw that was necessary in this case.

More optimistically, the head of the French delegation at the Moscow talks, General A. Dumenc, and the French ambassador to Moscow, E. Najiyar, assessed the condition of the Soviet delegation with regard to Poland as justified. In a telegram sent by 15 August to Paris, Nadzhiyar wrote: “We are offered precisely certain assistance in the East and do not put forward any additional demands for help from the West. But the Soviet delegation warns that Poland, by its negative position, makes it impossible to create a resistance front with the participation of Russian forces. ”

The “cardinal question”, on which the fate of the military convention of the three countries depended, was never resolved: Warsaw and Bucharest shied away from the prospect of passing Soviet troops, as hell with incense. In the evening of August 19, Marshal E. Rydz-Smigly (in fact, the second person in the state after the president) said: "Regardless of the consequences, not a single inch of Polish territory will ever be allowed to be occupied by Russian troops." Foreign Minister J. Beck told L. Noel, the French ambassador to Warsaw: “We will not allow any form ... to discuss the use of part of our territory by foreign troops.”

The chance that Moscow talks provided for the formation of a united anti-fascist front in Europe was missed. The Soviet leadership, set before the prospect of being in international isolation, went to the signing of the Soviet-German non-aggression treaty, which in Western capitals and in Warsaw has long been trying to announce the trigger of World War II. No need to shift from a sore head to a healthy one, gentlemen. You yourself have done everything to whet Hitler's appetites, but contrary to your anti-Soviet plans, you yourself were hit by the aggressor.

Poland had to regret its short-sightedness, becoming the next victim of Nazi Germany. The Poles did not notice the shadow of the imperial eagle advancing from the west with a swastika in its claws, being passionate about first the prospect of participating in the section of Czechoslovakia, and after 30 of September 1938 of the year - and the rejection of Cieszyn Silesia from it.

Such actions of the Polish military and diplomacy gave W. Churchill the undiplomatic name of Poland as the "hyena of Europe". A hyena is an animal so well known for its existence that there is no need to explain why the former British prime minister resorted to this analogy.

By the way, having participated in the section of Czechoslovakia, Warsaw also dreamed of the division of the USSR. Back in December, 1938 in the report of the intelligence department of the General Staff of the Polish Army emphasized: “The dismemberment of Russia lies at the basis of Polish policy in the East ... Therefore, our possible position will be reduced to the following formula: who will take part in the section. Poland should not remain passive at this remarkable historical moment ... The main goal is to weaken and defeat Russia. ” Poles were not limited to staff development. In January, 1939, in negotiations with his German counterpart, I. von Ribbentrop, the Polish Foreign Minister J. Beck drew the attention of the interlocutor to the fact that "Poland claims to be Soviet Ukraine and to access to the Black Sea."

It should be understood that the Polish Army was going to join the Wehrmacht on these frontiers.

* * *

... True, his eyes hurt. Having no weighty arguments as opposed to the statements of the Russian ambassador, Poland threatens him with expulsion. We dare to give such politically sensitive Polish politicians a piece of advice: at the same time throwing the works of the Nobel Prize in literature Winston Churchill to the dump, with the skill of an outstanding politician and an outstanding writer who printed the “hyena” to the pillory. Against the background of Churchill's statements about Poland, Ambassador Andreev’s assessment is the height of diplomatic delicacy.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.fondsk.ru/news/2015/09/30/polsha-bessporno-neset-chast-otvetstvennosti-za-razvjazyvanie-mirovoj-vojny-35699.html
32 comments
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  1. Igor39
    Igor39 3 October 2015 05: 58 New
    +7
    Poland was divided several times, I think the time will come, we will divide it again.
    1. budguy
      budguy 3 October 2015 09: 57 New
      -3
      Poles were in Moscow several times. I think the time will come, they will be again. But seriously, Germany today is pensioners and immigrants. This is not good material for aggressive politics. Ho, without the help of the Germans, Russia can only divide Siberia in the cooperation of China with China. Today, Russia is so weak that it asks Poland, Romania and Hungary to divide Ukraine. But let the Russians and Ukrainians play with themselves.
      1. Igor39
        Igor39 3 October 2015 10: 13 New
        -2
        ... swallow dust laughing
      2. Igor39
        Igor39 3 October 2015 10: 26 New
        +4
        You’re like jackals, the Germans burned you in millions, you’re afraid of yapping at them, but for Katyn you’re already climbing shit, (for 39 years) ....
        1. shasherin.pavel
          shasherin.pavel 3 October 2015 14: 28 New
          +6
          Quote: Igor39
          and for Katyn
          where the Germans of the Poles by thousands of rotions, letters from the dead Poles in Katyn were found with the dates March 1942 of the year. Yes, in Katyn, sentences of the highest measure were carried out, in relation to officers who showed cruelty to the Russian and Ukrainian population of Poland. But the Polish military was driven to the Katyn camp precisely because the Polish government in exile declared war on the USSR because of the return of part of the territory of Lithuania. Note that the war was not declared after the Red Army entered Western Belarus and Ukraine, but after the war.
          1. Basil50
            Basil50 3 October 2015 17: 15 New
            +2
            At the site of the execution of the Poles in Katyn, until the outbreak of war, there were pioneer camps.
        2. Mikhail Krapivin
          Mikhail Krapivin 3 October 2015 22: 20 New
          +4
          This is a joke. Since the Poles need a strict host like the Germans, they idolize him, their lackey soul is absolutely happy. And ours treated the Poles as equals, which is unacceptable with lackeys. Kholuy immediately loses coast and considers himself steeper and higher in the food chain than the owner. An example - the Poles are sure that it was they who won the Great Patriotic War, despite the fact that we simply allowed them to participate under our own flag. They even have a saying - "Polish Jacek Berlin took while Russian Ivan slept on the stove." Now they are absolutely happy, putting their tongues on the glands in the American ass.
      3. svp67
        svp67 3 October 2015 11: 08 New
        +4
        Quote: budguy
        Poles were in Moscow several times.

        Yes there were what? But they could not boast of the keys to Moscow, and the keys to Warsaw were VERY long stored in Moscow, and only EBN, I don’t know for what reason I gave them to Poland in the 90s of the 20th century ...
        1. shasherin.pavel
          shasherin.pavel 3 October 2015 14: 40 New
          +2
          Quote: svp67
          Poles were in Moscow several times.
          Someone did not get it, but specify: how much is “a few”. It's like in a cartoon: three nuts is a bunch? not! And four nuts is a bunch? Not. And how much is when a bunch? This is when a lot! Here the Germans were once as an exposition to the message of the Soviet information bureau that in the battles for Belarus, about forty thousand prisoners of war from the Wehrmacht were captured. It is a pity that the Poles did not do this in our history. Then it would be possible to say exactly how many times the Poles have visited Moscow.
          1. svp67
            svp67 4 October 2015 01: 16 New
            0
            Quote: shasherin.pavel
            but specify: how much is a "few".
            Most likely he meant 1612 and 1812 ...
        2. Turkir
          Turkir 3 October 2015 23: 37 New
          +1
          Moreover, with the sound of SUVOROV, the reaction is indescribable, similar to tetanus.
          The Polish gentry always wanted to eat too large a piece, which they always choked on.
    2. Uncle VasyaSayapin
      Uncle VasyaSayapin 3 October 2015 11: 47 New
      +2
      Share and Russify.
  2. venaya
    venaya 3 October 2015 06: 05 New
    +6
    The pact on military cooperation "Hitler - Pilsutsky" was the true beginning of the spiraling of a new, Second World War. The death of Pilsutsky himself (probably not accidental) only suspended this process, but, as we know, not to the end. The rest, not very fundamentally, is important to start, "the process has begun," as the famous "activist" later said.
  3. Andryukha G
    Andryukha G 3 October 2015 06: 31 New
    +1
    True eye pricks.
    1. avt
      avt 3 October 2015 08: 21 New
      +8
      Quote: Andryukha G
      True eye pricks.

      Now they have decided to live by the principle - ,, Their shit doesn’t smell. "For nothing, old Churchill seemed to put it simply and gracefully - ,, Poland is the hyena of Europe." The roots of hatred towards Russia as a whole do not even lie in the time of the partition of Poland. Much earlier . To this day, at the genetic level, they are complex about the fact that their imperial project is “from mozh to mozh” but as the ONE gentry nation in which ALL the rest are in service, as they say, find 10 differences from the 3rd Reich, it has failed miserably even now they have the fate of a “younger partner”, and essentially a serf on USA’s leash. Another more flimsy project, but cooler involved in Nazism, the staff for which the USA has carefully kept since 1944 for SS and other special services of the Reich, this is the current Ukraine. These generally, the birthright "are carefully sold not even for lentil soup - for a piece called a sandwich.
      1. venaya
        venaya 3 October 2015 09: 04 New
        +4
        Quote: avt
        ... "Poland is the hyena of Europe." The roots of hatred towards Russia as a whole do not even lie in the time of the partition of Poland. Much earlier . To this day, at the genetic level, they are complex about the fact that their imperial project is “from mozh to mozh” but as the ONE gentry nation in which ALL the rest are in service, as they say, find 10 differences from the 3rd Reich, failed miserably and now they have the fate of a "younger partner", but essentially a serf on a leash USA. An even more flimsy project, but steeper involved in Nazism, the staff for which the USA has diligently kept since 1944 for SS and other special services of the Reich, is today's Ukraine. These in general ,, birthright "are carefully sold not even for lentil soup - for a piece called a sandwich.

        I’ll add a little, for clarity. The term "Poland is the hyena of Europe" has an even more ancient meaning: Poland, in Latin (the original term), "Polonia" comes from the ancient, purely Russian word "full", that is, "production", "product", that is, than in the ancient world the Vikings traded in prey from military campaigns (robberies). So even the name of the country itself speaks for itself.
      2. svp67
        svp67 3 October 2015 11: 10 New
        +1
        Quote: avt
        They now decided to live by the principle - ,, Their shit does not smell "
        In, in. If anyone wants to, read HOW Poland fought for Vilna (present-day Vilnius) and the Vilna Territory in the 20s, well, VERY many interesting things, and most importantly, you’ll learn something terribly modern ...
        1. avt
          avt 3 October 2015 20: 53 New
          0
          Quote: svp67
          . If anyone wants to, read HOW Poland fought for Vilna (present-day Vilnius) and the Vilna Territory in the 20s, well, VERY many interesting things, and most importantly, you’ll learn something terribly modern ..

          Well put not only. Somehow the Poles love to remember about the “Miracle on the Vistula”, well, when the congenial future marshal Tukhachevsky stupidly could not organize military intelligence and lost the Polish army for FOUR WEEKS, about which he wrote in his memoirs - that he knew for sure - all one where someday and someday he will find and smash them, (It’s interesting, if Stalin hadn’t reassured him and he would have led the troops in the same way in 1941? It’s terrible to imagine where the Germans would have been if he had been lost for 4 weeks.), then it started in fact, from the Poles attacked Soviet Russia, while the main units and Budyonny were fighting near Perekop, the Poles rushed and Kiev took in. I had to leave Crimea and knock them out.
  4. aszzz888
    aszzz888 3 October 2015 06: 36 New
    +1
    History cannot be knocked out of consciousness by an ax. even if the impossible is admitted, there is a mass of documents.
    So zheks would sit on their paws, and not twitch against history. And do not let dust in the eyes of others! hi
  5. Born in USSR
    Born in USSR 3 October 2015 06: 44 New
    +1
    One interesting historical incident. All the Slavs were taken to Wafenn SS, except for one Slavic nation. They took Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Serbs in general, all except psheks. This should already say that even the Teutons treat them like g ... y. So what is there to talk about.
    1. 56_br
      56_br 3 October 2015 07: 19 New
      +2
      For the same reason, the bulk of the concentration camps were located in POLAND.
      1. washi
        washi 3 October 2015 09: 48 New
        0
        Quote: 56_br
        For the same reason, the bulk of the concentration camps were located in POLAND.

        Here the reason, I think, is somewhat different.
        Many Jews lived in Poland. There is purely German pragmatism. Why should we catch Jews somewhere, if the Poles do it perfectly.
        In addition to the Poles, the Balts and Western Ukrainians were noted in the extermination of Jews.
        1. shasherin.pavel
          shasherin.pavel 3 October 2015 14: 44 New
          +1
          Jews lived throughout Europe, but as Himmler said during preliminary interrogation: Jewish camps were built where there were Jewish volunteers to kill. "
    2. budguy
      budguy 3 October 2015 09: 39 New
      0
      The reason is simple. Hitler wanted obedient slaves and no lords.
  6. TVM - 75
    TVM - 75 3 October 2015 07: 09 New
    +1
    Psheks are genetic traitors. Their arrogance goes ahead of reason and conscience. There are of course exceptions, but they are not defining.
  7. Basil50
    Basil50 3 October 2015 07: 13 New
    +3
    The Austrian officer Pilsudski created Poland with Austrian and American volunteers and with the help of the German occupation administration. And even after the death of the first dictator, his successors did not change politics at all, they also appointed themselves dictators and talked about the republic. What politician could believe such * figures *? So Hitler did not believe, the more Poles gave many reasons to doubt the independence of Poland and the sanity of the leadership. Modern Polish * rulers * are also distinguished by increased quarrelsomeness and lies about the past, contrary to their own history.
  8. X Y Z
    X Y Z 3 October 2015 08: 05 New
    +3
    The view of Poland as exclusively a victim of Hitler aggression, established in historiography and public consciousness, for many decades aroused only natural sympathy for it.


    Yes, the ambassador’s speech, quite accurate and fair, completely destroys the Polish concept of Poland as the Motherland, torn to pieces by aggressors, the country of martyrs and heroes, the last bastion of the West in front of the Asian hordes. It is only very unfortunate that this statement did not sound a few decades earlier, when it was more relevant, and the mantras established in historiography were not yet so hardened. Now they are perceived by Poland only as a "excuse from Katyn." It was necessary to present a photo where Beck poses next to Hitler and Goering, and the same Goering informally comes to Poland to hunt hunting, etc. And the Poland-Germany Pact of 1934, about which the Poles are trying to quickly forget and hide the ends. I understand that the ambassador, by virtue of his post, cannot talk about a lot, but there are other officials who could express everything in response to Polish complaints. The time has come for this a long time ago and silence can cost us dearly.
  9. Comrade Bender
    Comrade Bender 3 October 2015 08: 24 New
    +1
    That is why Poland is in every way now flirting with the USA and licking their ass, acting in the wake of their attempts to rewrite the history of the Second World War. Otherwise, if the whole truth is revealed, Poland will have to share responsibility with the Nazi aggressors at the second Nuremberg tribunal.
  10. APASUS
    APASUS 3 October 2015 09: 24 New
    0
    The most important thing is not that Poland was involved in the beginning of World War 2, but that it is now in the orbit of those states that rewrite the history of the war, that’s such an angry reaction from here.
  11. dudinets
    dudinets 3 October 2015 09: 36 New
    +3
    finally, the official representatives of Russia began to poke our "partners" with their noses into their own poop. I hope this is just a workout.
    1. shasherin.pavel
      shasherin.pavel 3 October 2015 14: 46 New
      0
      After Putin exposed the Prime Minister of Poland in ignorance of the history of World War II
      Quote: Dudinets
      Russian officials began to poke our "partners" with their noses into their own poop. I hope this is just a workout.
  12. washi
    washi 3 October 2015 09: 54 New
    +1
    To be honest, I’m tired that we are shy about something. We must always tell the truth, declassify and publish real historical documents. And to publish them not in some little-known historical collections, but in the media, on foreign resources
    Otherwise, we will justify ourselves and apologize.
  13. parusnik
    parusnik 3 October 2015 10: 07 New
    +1
    ... True, it hurts my eyes...Poland - the hyena of Europe, as were it and have remained ..that and the whole truth ..
  14. budguy
    budguy 3 October 2015 10: 08 New
    0
    Quote: Born in the USSR
    One interesting historical incident. All the Slavs were taken to Wafenn SS, except for one Slavic nation. They took Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Serbs in general, all except psheks. This should already say that even the Teutons treat them like g ... y. So what is there to talk about.

    The reason is simple. Hitler wanted obedient slaves and no lords
  15. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 3 October 2015 10: 13 New
    -3
    The politics of any country depend on the ruling elite. Plant a friendly government in Poland and the country will be fully adequate and relations with it will change. This can be seen in the example of present-day Ukraine, whose puppet government is leading its completely friendly people to Russia in the wake of the confrontation with our country.
    In Poland there was always 50 to 50. There were always not only enemies but also friends.
    In the Time of Troubles, we fought mainly not with Poland, but with the hetman Khodkevich, the tycoon, and an independent ruler, and the fighters he had were all Orthodox. The Polish king, on the other hand, was invited by the boyars to the kingdom, so that then for a long time “the Tsar of Moscow” appeared in his title.
    Somehow everyone forgot Augustus the Strong, an ally of Peter, who alone fought with Charles while Russia gathered forces after Narva.
    All Polish uprisings were not nationwide, many Poles fought on our side.
    Then Born in the USSR rejoices that the Poles, unlike the others in the SS, were not taken. Of course they didn’t take it, they fought with the Germans from the 39th, when we had friendship with Hitler. The Poles did not go to the SS. And the Lithuanians did not go. And the Serbs were not there.
    But we were Ukrainians. Be proud, Born.
    We blew Poland ourselves. Attention should be paid to neighbors. Now they purged Ukraine. All you need is to have a thin ruling layer on your side, that’s the whole secret, the Americans understand this, we don’t.
  16. provincial
    provincial 3 October 2015 11: 28 New
    0
    Poles now have no time to delve into history, they now share the virtual gold of the Reich.
  17. sevtrash
    sevtrash 3 October 2015 11: 39 New
    +3
    In Inosmi, the article was - Jewish pogroms: an interview with the author of the shocking book ("Newsweek Polska", Poland) Interview with the author of the book "Cities of Death: Jewish Neighborhood Pogroms" by Mirosław Tryczyk.
    http://inosmi.ru/world/20151002/230579127.html

    It turns out that the Poles are the go-ahead of the Germans and on their own in black they killed Jews in at least 128 settlements. And how they are positioning themselves now.
  18. Strashila
    Strashila 3 October 2015 12: 46 New
    +3
    "True, to fulfill this treaty, one important condition was required: so that the Red Army could cross the Polish territory separating the USSR from Czechoslovakia. Poland categorically rejected the request for the admission of troops, which was brought to the attention of all interested governments." ... which contradicted the international the law of that time, the West didn’t abide by it already in those times ... or rather, when it didn’t abide, but demanded it from Russia / USSR.
  19. shasherin.pavel
    shasherin.pavel 3 October 2015 14: 58 New
    -2
    On the one hand, I understand everything: the rules of grammar and everything else, but it disturbs from such “Undoubtedly”, “powerless”, “lawlessness”. Now, if we take the word Lord, then we can see: Peaks, heights, the Highest + spod, Vizhnik. And if we look at the “demon of the law,” the demon is right, the demon is debatable. The story is repeated with the letter "ё", and few people know that all French words end with "ё": Mireille Mateau, Richelieu, etc. What else do we want to forget? What does the demon rule?