Perspective BMP, which will have to replace the existing machines, built on the basis of the platform "Kurganets-25". The development of this project started in the middle of the decade, and by now the project has reached the construction stage of pre-production armored vehicles. The first samples of promising combat vehicles were shown at the Victory Parade in May. According to available data, at present, the equipment of the Kurganets-25 family is undergoing various tests and may be adopted in the foreseeable future.
For objective reasons, the authors of the project and future operators cannot yet disclose most of the information about the promising technology. Therefore, the general public has to be content with small references to certain features of the project, as well as with published fragmentary data or expert estimates. Because of the secrecy inherent in all new projects, detailed and accurate data on Kurganz-25 will only appear in the future. However, the information currently available allows us to make an approximate picture. Let us try to collect the currently available information about the unified platform and the machines based on it.
A few years ago it became known that OJSC Kurganmashzavod was appointed the developer of a promising platform, which, among other things, affected the name of the project. Design work continued over the next few years, and from time to time there were reports of the planned "premiere" of new technology. So, initially a prototype BMP based on the Kurganets-25 platform was supposed to be built in the 2012 year. However, as a result, the first closed demonstration of the prototype took place only in the autumn of next year at the exhibition Russia Arms Expo 2013. Around the same time, there was information about the planned display of new technology at the parade 9 May.
The aim of the project was to create a tracked vehicle suitable for use as a base for various types of armored vehicles. First of all, it was necessary to create an infantry fighting vehicle and tracked armored personnel carrier. In addition, it was planned to develop a repair and recovery vehicle, anti-aircraft and anti-tank missile systems, etc. The possibility of developing a self-propelled artillery installation was also mentioned.
At the beginning of 2013, a frame from the Kurganmashzavod workshop appeared in the media, where the body of one of the prototypes of the perspective armored vehicle was assembled. In addition, various patterns and schemes appeared on the profile resources with enviable regularity, the authors of which tried to predict the appearance of the new technology. At the same time, the actual appearance of the BMP and other vehicles based on the Kurganets-25 platform remained secret until the spring of the 2015 year. It was only after the first rehearsals of the Victory Parade that specialists and the general public were able to see for the first time promising combat vehicles, and not drawings that were not directly related to this technique.
It is noteworthy that the new equipment that participated in the rehearsal did not immediately receive the full range of additional equipment, thanks to which everyone who wanted could see some of its curious features. For example, during the first rehearsals, the BMP and BTR of the Kurganets-25 family remained without additional airborne units, which made it possible to examine their running gear. However, it was not without a fly in the ointment: the combat modules of the vehicles were covered with canvas covers.
To date, some basic design features of the platform and equipment based on it have become known. To meet the new requirements of the customer in the person of the Ministry of Defense, as well as to ensure maximum unification of various types of equipment in the construction of the Kurganets-25 platform, some new ideas and solutions are used. In addition, it was decided to abandon a number of previous developments used in the old projects of armored vehicles.
The overall layout of the platform "Kurganets-25" made with the latest global trends in the development of armored vehicles. Thus, the engine compartment is located in front of the armored hull, with transmission units located directly behind the frontal parts of the vehicle, and the engine is located behind them at the starboard side. To the left of the engine, a relatively narrow management compartment with a driver’s workplace is envisaged. Directly behind the engine are the jobs of other crew members. For example, in the variant of the infantry fighting vehicle, the commander and gunner operator are located there. Aft hull is given for the installation of the necessary equipment or the placement of troops.
The first known image of the machine "Kurganets-25". A frame from the reportage of the TV channel "Star" / Gurkhan.blogspot.ru
According to the TV channel Zvezda, which recently showed the release of the Military Acceptance program about the Kurganets-25 BMP, the platform can be equipped with two types of engines, made in Chelyabinsk and Yaroslavl. At the time of filming the TV program, the customer has not yet made the final choice of the power plant. Nevertheless, it was noted that both engines fully comply with the requirements and provide the necessary characteristics.
The engine, regardless of its type, is connected to an automatic transmission. This unit has six forward gears and three rear. It is alleged that in the third reverse gear, the BMP is capable of reaching speeds up to 20 km / h. The engine torque is transmitted to the front drive wheels with zevochnom gear.
For a long time all interested were able to consider all the main features of the chassis "Kurgan-25". The platform has seven track rollers on each side. Applied, according to some, adjustable hydropneumatic suspension. If necessary, the driver can change the clearance of the car in the range from mm 100 to mm 500. Such feature of a running gear allows to reduce car dimensions both during transportation, and at shelter in a dimple.
The Kurganets-25 platform project involves the use of a hull with bulletproof armor. The case has a characteristic frontal design with a strong inclination of the top sheet and almost vertical bottom. The sides and stern of the hull are strictly vertical. In the upper frontal parts provided hatches for access to the engine compartment. Parameters of body armor have not yet been announced. It is only known that the chassis body provides protection against 7,62 and 12,7 mm bullets. The type of bullets and ammunition is not called. The project "Kurganets-25" initially provides for the installation of various additional security systems, including real-time booking, dynamic protection, etc. All this allows to significantly increase the level of protection in accordance with the intended role of the machine.
According to various estimates, armored vehicles of the Kurganets-25 family, having a relatively powerful engine, will be able to reach speeds up to 70-80 km / h on the highway. High mobility on rough terrain must also be ensured. At the request of the customer, the platform received water jet propulsion for crossing water obstacles by swimming. Using these units, the BMP or other equipment of the family will be able to move at speeds up to 10 km / h.
Management of the perspective machine is carried out with the help of several main devices. The driver has a steering wheel, gear lever, a pair of pedals and a set of control devices. Unfortunately, the interior of the department of management is still secret and relevant photos or videos have not yet been published. At the moment, only the appearance of the gear lever is known - this detail was allowed to be removed by journalists on the Zvezda channel.
The crew has a set of periscope viewing devices. In addition, the project provides additional equipment that improves visibility. Along the perimeter of the body of the combat vehicle are several sets of cameras, the signal from which is transmitted to the monitors, the driver, the commander, etc. An additional monitor with the ability to monitor the situation is installed even in the troop compartment of the BMP.
At the moment, we can confidently talk about the start of production of only an infantry fighting vehicle and an armored personnel carrier on the basis of a common chassis. Other equipment of the family is being developed, but there is still no precise data on the progress of work and plans for its construction. For example, in one of the already mentioned editions of the program “Military Acceptance”, the TV channel “Zvezda” showed the process of assembling an armored hull for an evacuation vehicle. In addition, supposedly, another machine of this type, which is in the late stages of assembly, got into the frame. However, accurate information about the BREM project of the Kurganets-25 family is not yet available. Apparently, the assembly of an experimental batch has already begun, but this is only a guess.
The Kurganets-25 armored personnel carrier and infantry fighting vehicle receive much more attention than other vehicles of the family. In addition, the developer and the customer, speaking of the new platform, first of all recall this particular technique. Therefore, the available amount of open data on infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers is much more than in the case of other equipment.
A characteristic feature of the infantry combat vehicles and armored personnel carriers that participated in the parade on Red Square was the large onboard booking modules. According to the latest data, these units perform a number of important functions aimed at improving the characteristics of protection and mobility. It is known that the onboard modules are equipped with dynamic protection blocks and some other armor, which allows you to add your own body armor. In addition, the modules perform the function of floats when moving through water. Due to its own buoyancy, the modules improve the performance of the entire machine. In this case, however, the "Kurganets-25" can float without installing additional equipment.
In the case of the advanced BMP, additional protection is provided by a complex of active protection, the individual elements of which are mounted on the roof of the hull and on the combat module. Also provides an electronic system designed for the disposal of anti-tank mines with a magnetic fuse.
The result of the shelling of armor. 7,62 mm and 12,7 mm bullets remained inside the slab. Frame from m / n "Military acceptance", TV channel "Star"
The infantry fighting vehicle based on the new platform has a crew of three and is capable of carrying up to eight paratroopers. The crew is located in front of the habitable body volume, and the troop compartment is located in the stern. It is known that fighters with weapons should be back to the sides. The appearance of the seats and their layout is still classified. So, on a model of a combat vehicle filmed by the Zvezda TV channel, all the equipment of the troop compartment was covered with tarpaulin and shields with unambiguous "secret" signs.
The crew of the combat vehicle has two hatches in the hull roof: the driver has his own hatch, and the commander and gunner-operator must use a common one. A large ramp for landing and landing troops is envisaged in the hull's stern sheet. When opened, it goes down with its own drives and facilitates dismounting. In addition, the ramp has a door that can be used in case of breakage of the drives. For self-defense in the door provided embrasure for personal weapons landing.
It is known that the customer, represented by the Ministry of Defense, has introduced a requirement for maximum autonomy, as well as protection of the crew and landing force from external influences, to the requirements for the advanced infantry fighting vehicle. For this, the machine receives an air-conditioning system with air purification products. Provided for supplying clean air to the crew and landing places. Additional comfort and the possibility of long-term actions at a distance from the bases is provided with the help of sanitary equipment mounted on the aft door.
Promising infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers differ combat module. In the case of an infantry fighting vehicle, it is proposed to use the Epoch product, also known as the Boomerang-BM. This combat module is a turret with a receiver and rocket weapons, mounted on the roof of the base machine. An important feature of the Epoch module is the placement of all units outside the habitable volume of the hull.
The BMP with the Epoch module is armed with an 2А42 automatic caliber 30 mm with selective power, a PKTM machine gun paired with it and the Cornet-EM rocket system. Ammunition of the gun is 500 of two types of shots, ammunition boxes of the machine gun contain 2000 ammunition, and on-board launchers are placed four containers with guided missiles. The module houses optoelectronic equipment for monitoring and searching targets, as well as fire control.
Having other tasks, the Kurganets-25 armored personnel carrier is equipped with another combat module. In the case of the BTR, a module with machine-gun armament and some additional equipment is used. Such differences in armaments are primarily related to the difference in the proposed tasks of the two classes of equipment.
Both combat modules of promising technology are equipped with remote control systems. The controls of all weapons systems are located at the workplaces of commanders and gunners-operators. Thus, the use of unmanned combat modules made it possible not only to ensure the required firepower, but also to optimize the layout of the inhabited volume without the need to place crew members directly under the combat module.
Unfortunately, even the most general characteristics of the promising technology are still unknown. The military has not yet announced the real indicators of maximum speed or power reserve, not to mention the parameters of various weapons. Such an approach is quite understandable, since the project has not yet been brought to its logical conclusion, and most of its details are still not worth publishing in order to avoid various negative consequences.
Several prospective cars based on the Kurganets-25 platform took part in the Victory Parade. Nine armored personnel carriers and the same number of infantry fighting vehicles of the new types passed through Red Square. According to some reports, the construction of the first batch of equipment involved in the parade was completed in the first months of 2015. In the future, the assembly of the test equipment continued and, apparently, is still ongoing.
During a recent exhibition Russia Arms Expo 2015, the management of Kurganmashzavod spoke about their plans for the future, touching on the topic of a promising unified tracked platform. The company's executive director, Alexander Klyuzhev, said that at the beginning of next year, the next delivery of Kurganets-25 vehicles to the military would take place. The Ministry of Defense will be given both infantry fighting vehicles and new types of armored personnel carriers. The number of vehicles in this batch was not specified.
In the shop Kurganmashzavod. in the background - the Kurganets-25 BTR, ahead, presumably, a promising BREM. Frame from m / n "Military acceptance", TV channel "Star"
A. Klyuzhev also reminded that several types of military equipment will be developed on the basis of the universal chassis. In the near future - the creation of an armored repair and recovery vehicle. It is noteworthy that in the program “Military Acceptance” the assembly of the body of such a machine was demonstrated. This means that the company is already engaged in the implementation of the next family project.
During this year, representatives of industry and the military spoke about the approximate timing of the launch of new equipment. During 2015-16, it is planned to complete all the necessary tests of new infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers, after which they can be put into service and put into series. Thus, the mass production of promising armored vehicles starts approximately in 2017-18's. For obvious reasons, this is only a preliminary plan, and the actual date of commencement of mass production and operation may noticeably shift.
Until a certain time, industry and the military were not in a hurry to reveal the secrets of the promising project “Kurganets-25”, because of which the public had to rely only on fragmentary information and estimates of varying degrees of plausibility. In the past few months, the situation has changed dramatically, so that all those interested have the opportunity to learn some of the details of the latest projects. Hopefully, the existing tradition will continue, and the military and industry will continue to delight us with new reports on the project and various interesting technical details.
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