Military Review

The film "Can not forget this" 1954 year. Revived historical parallels

Frankly, I am not a big admirer of a retrokenematograph of a sample more than 60-year-old, but the tape about which it is referred to in the material made what is called an indelible impression. Actors play - yes, directorial work - yes, but first of all - the plot, which is another proof that история - a piece thin, and even prone to repetition in very unexpected incarnations. Speech about the feature film “One should not forget about it” directed by Leonid Lukov, shot by Gorky Studio and telling about the post-war life of Western Ukraine (Lviv region). The year of release of the film on the screens of the country is 1954, but when viewing it seems that this is a stylized retro-translation of what could well be reflected in the artistic form today.

The picture, which, to put it mildly, can hardly be called widely known (although with a whole galaxy of remarkable actors: Sergey Bondarchuk, Nikolai Kryuchkov, Vyacheslav Tikhonov, Lydia Smirnova), talks about what was not generally spoken about in Soviet time. The scenario of the film is connected with the activity of foreign intelligence in the USSR, relying, in particular, on the Ukrainian nationalist underground, which operated in the western regions of Ukraine. The picture of the activities of the "asset" of the OUN, which (the "asset") used to form in the western (and not only) part of the Ukrainian SSR anti-state, Russophobic sentiments any opportunities, primarily information and disinformation opportunities. The picture of the introduction of agents of foreign intelligence services in Ukrainian universities, the media, libraries of the Soviet period - the introduction with the aim, so to speak, of deforming the foundations of understanding such concepts as the brotherhood of nations, a single common root, a single state with common goals.

The fact that the picture did not become, so to speak, the full property of the Soviet audience in those years, you can understand, if you pay attention to the Soviet ideology. The film tells about the traitors, who fuck with Western intelligence. Moreover, these people, as the authors of the film narrate with historical accuracy, acted on the territory of Ukraine for a long time, having managed to gain a foothold not in the last public roles. Naturally, the Soviet ideological machine, by definition, could not allow the viewer to get the impression of the negligent work of the special structures, and indeed that one of the Ukrainian citizens was engaged in anti-Soviet activities, and even in this matter seriously succeeded. Well, “non-politically correct”, by the standards of the Soviet period, the film, “non-political correct” ... Even more politically incorrect for perestroika and post-perestroika times, because the material gives a clear description of the activities of the OUN.

Today, the film, which has a very bright and instructive title, including for our generation, looks not only as artistic, but rather as quite documentary - with an approach to formulations and definitions that have not lost relevance for more than 60-year history (recall that the film was released in 1954 year).

Here is a text fragment of the film’s script, when the main character Alexander Garmash plays it, performed by Sergey Bondarchuk:

One of the methods of their foreign policy, they chose an underground war in the rear of the Soviet Union and the countries of people's democracy. They allocate millions of dollars to spies and saboteurs, they support and set on us traitors of all stripes, dastardly bourgeois nationalists who sold our Ukraine to the left and to the right: pan-Polish Poland, and Kaiser, and Hitler's Germany. Who do they rely on? What is their soul? The miserable theories of the cursed Grushevsky’s people — the executioner, dressed up as a historian, a petty sharper who juggled with facts, diluting them with a poisonous saliva of a rabid nationalist dog! Despicable hirelings whose fathers are still Taras Shevchenko denounced with the words:

For Shmat gnilo ї Kovbasi
They want matter ask,
That viddadut ...

(...) That is why the instigators of the new war are afraid of the collective word of the fighters for peace! That is why the very idea of ​​negotiating the peaceful resolution of all controversial international issues causes them to feel fear and rage.

Let those who are carried away by the dangerous game, which they call the Cold War, understand that we are upholding the world, not because we are weak, we are protecting the world, because we are strong, because we believe in our future, in our creative work, in the happiness of our children. We have no fear. Our strength was tested not at parades, but among the stones of Stalingrad, and today we speak to those who have a short memory, who, saber weapons, threatens the world with war, we speak simply, humanly, calmly, but menacingly: “Stop!”

As they say, the full range of parallels with today's day. If the text replaces the Soviet Union with Russia, and, perhaps, omit the term “bourgeois” in the definition of Ukrainian nationalists, then the relevance is simply 100-percent!

And the poems of Rostislav Danchenko (performed by Vyacheslav Tikhonov), which today may look somewhat naive in comparison with the works of the Maidan about “Vatu” and “Colorado”, nevertheless, also allow us to draw certain parallels:

I love Ukraine more and more,
Forever and everlasting,
And nothing compares to her,
Ancient, wise and inspirational.
We swore allegiance with her,
Only with her, for her you live,
No closer, no one dearer
Ukraine, that in our blood.
Only her in the hour of reflection, I see
Than ancient than everlasting
The closer ...

Ancient Ukraine - without a hint of the mention of the unity of the Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian people - is it not the same thesis that is being discussed among its neighbors today.

The film "Can not forget this" 1954 year. Revived historical parallels

And, as they say, it’s still better to see it once (of course, for those who have not watched the movie yet) (posting on YouTube on RVISION channel):

The documentary relevance of the movie is amazing. And it adds relevance to the fact that the director Leonid Lukov shot the film based on real events. Yaroslav Galan, a Ukrainian Soviet writer, became the prototype for Aleksandr Garmash for screenwriters. From the pen of his book there were books about the work of OUN with foreign sponsors, as well as works of a clear anti-fascist orientation.

From the essay (1945) of Yaroslav Galan “What is not the name” (about the criminal activities of the OUN fighters):

A fourteen year old girl cannot calmly look at the meat. When in her presence they are going to fry cutlets, she turns pale and trembles like an aspen leaf.
A few months ago, on a sparrow night (according to Slavic beliefs - the night of rampant evil forces - note "VO"), armed people came to a peasant hut, not far from the city of Sarny, and stabbed their hosts with knives. The girl, wide-eyed with horror, looked at the agony of her parents.
One of the gangsters put a knife edge to the child's throat, but at the last minute a new “idea” was born in his brain.
- Live to the glory of Stepan Bandera! And so that something good does not die of hunger, we will leave you groceries. Well, boys, chop her pork! ..
The “lads” like this offer. They dragged plates and bowls off the shelves, and a few minutes before the girl, numb with despair, grew a mountain of meat from the bodies of her father and mother bleeding to death ...
That’s what the gangster geeks who call themselves “Ukrainian nationalists” —Banderovites, Bulbovs, Melnykians — have come to. Their activities in recent years have been a continuous chain of wild atrocities, monstrous unbridledness and unsurpassed provocations.

Another passage:

In the spring of 1944, the Red Army in its liberation campaign crossed the river Zbruch. At about the same time, Bandera "delegates" came to the German security police and the SD of the Galicia district with a statement that the representative of the so-called "Central OUN leadership - Bandera" Gerasimovsky wanted "on behalf of the political and military sector of the OUN" to discuss with the Gestapo closely cooperation against "Bolshevism" in the new conditions.

“We need to put an end to that mistake, as if the Bandera groups consider Germany to be their adversary. The Bandera group says that the Ukrainians (read: Ukrainian nationalists. - Yaroslav Galan) would be satisfied with the state form modeled on the protectorate, but this step towards the independence of Ukrainians was not carried out by Germany: therefore, the Bandera group bound by the idea (hear: “the idea” - Yaroslav Galan), is forced to work illegally for his political goal. But nevertheless, in illegal work it is strictly stipulated not to act against Germany, but to prepare for a decisive struggle against the Russians. This was convincingly proved by the fact that the Bandera group began building, arming and training their combat units only in February of the 1943 year, that is, at a time when, as a result of the events on the Eastern Front, it was necessary to state that the Germans would not be able to defeat Russia it seemed at the beginning of the war. ”

Ukronationalists Galan could not forgive this and similar to him the debunking of the myth about the “patriotic” activity of the OUN-UPA. And if in the film, the hero Sergey Bondarchuk and all the anti-nationalist forces of Lviv celebrate a bright victory, and the student Danchenko (played by Vyacheslav Tikhonov) refuses his nat ideas, then everything went much more dramatic in life.

October 24 1949, Yaroslav Galan was brutally murdered by OUN in Lviv. Galan was hacked to death by an ax (in the case file, the “Hutsul hatchet”) of Ukrainian nationalist Mikhail Stakhur. Stakhur was hired by Hilariy Lukashevich (pseudonyms Yarko, Slavko) - the son of a Lviv Uniate priest who studied at a local university and was fond of the works of Grushevsky (this was taken from him as Danchenko). Stahur and Lukashevich were let in by the housekeeper Galana, who knew the young people in the face, because both of them had been trying to find favor with the writer for a long time and often appeared in his house.

The customer of Galan’s murder, according to the investigation, was made by the leader of the Lviv OUN underground, who acted with the agent's “call sign” Bui-Tour - Roman Shchepansky (also the son of a priest-uniate). At its beginning, the Western Ukrainian nationalists killed more and more 50-ti Orthodox priests in the region. The murderer of the writer Yaroslav Galan was punished after 2 years after committing the crime, for a long time hiding from justice in the woods. The military tribunal of the Carpathian Military District sentenced Stakhur (pseudonym Stefko) to the death penalty - the death penalty through hanging. The execution took place on 16 on October 1951 of the year. Earlier in March 1951 year to shot Ilariy Lukashevich was sentenced. Incidentally, these were extraordinary sentences, since the practice of hangings (and the death penalty as such) was not used in the USSR for a long time and was maintained only exclusively for odious criminals. Stahur (killed, consisting in the OUN, a total of 9 residents of Lviv region) and Lukashevich were recognized as odious.

Schepansky (“Bui-Tour”) was arrested in 1953 year.

Separately, it is worth paying attention to the fact that the decisions of the Lviv Prosecutor’s Office Stakhur and Lukashevich in 1994 and 1996, respectively, on the basis of the Ukrainian law “On victims of political repression” were recognized (attention!) "Undeservedly convicted" ... , it was not before that - they say, why “go into the internal affairs of Ukraine” ... Or didn’t you see the film’s Russian Ambassador Leonid Lukov? ..

Such a story ...
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  1. svp67
    svp67 28 September 2015 06: 45 New
    In general, I noticed that immediately after the war and until the mid-70s, the Dovzhenko film studio (Kiev) was the undisputed leader in the production of films about that war, and then the "palm" passed to Belarusfilm. Fact, the same makes you think
    1. jjj
      jjj 28 September 2015 10: 03 New
      The Russian ambassador to Poland recently noted that the Second World War did not begin with the Soviet attack on Poland in mid-September 1939, but 1 September with the attack by Nazi Germany. Ambassadors are about to be sent.
      So the history in the West is distorted as they can
      1. Major_Vortex
        Major_Vortex 28 September 2015 22: 39 New
        Quote: jjj
        The Russian ambassador to Poland recently noted that the Second World War did not begin with the Soviet attack on Poland in mid-September 1939, but 1 September with the attack by Nazi Germany. Ambassadors are about to be sent.
        So the history in the West is distorted as they can

        The Second World War only in the version of the Poles began in Poland. They try to hide such behavior as they themselves occupied Czechoslovakia in 1938.
        1. Altona
          Altona 29 September 2015 22: 14 New
          Quote: Mayor_Vikhr
          The Second World War only in the version of the Poles began in Poland. They try to hide such behavior as they themselves occupied Czechoslovakia in 1938.

          And they burst in along with the Germans ...
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 28 September 2015 07: 48 New
    the picture did not become, so to speak, a full-fledged property of the Soviet audience in those years, you can understand if you pay attention to Soviet ideology...In the same 1954, Crimea was transferred to Ukraine ..Well, "politically incorrect", by the standards of the Soviet period, the film, "politically incorrect" ... ..Well, if you take into account the reality that in the 20s the former Communists-Borotbists, Social Democrats, Socialist-Revolutionaries and other small socialist parties with a nationalist scent joined the ranks of the Communist Party (B) in such a way that everything is true in the film indicated. Yes, and by the way, the film wasn’t at the will of the authors, it turned out with an anti-Khrushchev darling. By the way, there were a lot of similar films made in the late 40s and early 50s .. I saw it in childhood, brought us to the yard, we have it was like a summer cinema and was shown for free, such cinemas were not only in the courtyard of our house .. It went along the lines of the trade union. They showed films that belonged to the third category.
  3. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 28 September 2015 07: 55 New
    Oh right, my grandfather jammed them, oh right ...
  4. oracul
    oracul 28 September 2015 08: 10 New
    No wonder Stalin saw the roots of evil in nationalism. Fascism has grown, as you know, in the field of national socialism.
    1. anip
      anip 28 September 2015 09: 03 New
      Quote: oracul
      Fascism has grown, as you know, in the field of national socialism.

      And not vice versa?
    2. V.ic
      V.ic 28 September 2015 10: 43 New
      Quote: oracul
      Fascism has grown, as you know, in the field of national socialism.

      Indeed? At the end of October 1922, Mussolini removed the king of Italy from power. A beer coup in Munich took place a year later in November 1923. So think: who took someone’s mind?
      1. Uncle VasyaSayapin
        Uncle VasyaSayapin 28 September 2015 12: 04 New
        In Russia, fascism does not mean Italian fascism, but the practical implementation of National Socialism.
        1. V.ic
          V.ic 28 September 2015 13: 31 New
          Quote: Uncle VasyaSayapin
          In Russia, fascism does not mean Italian fascism, but the practical implementation of National Socialism.

          In your words, so in Russia the regime of Beni Musoleny is not considered fascist?
      ALEA IACTA EST 28 September 2015 19: 58 New
      Quote: oracul
      Fascism has grown, as you know, in the field of national socialism.

      March to Rome - 1922.
      Hitler was appointed chancellor - 1933.
      1. Turkir
        Turkir 30 September 2015 21: 39 New
        Beer putsch in Munich in 1923.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    4. The comment was deleted.
  5. Million
    Million 28 September 2015 08: 22 New
    Soviet films do not forget
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 28 September 2015 10: 31 New
      Quote: Million
      Soviet films do not forget

      Not only forget, but constantly show it on TV, in institutes, and in schools. And then people do not understand how so what happened to the Ukrainians? Yes, then it happened that all this scum, supported by the West, surfaced and seized power, through education, propaganda, the media and much more.
  6. holgert
    holgert 28 September 2015 10: 57 New
    It always surprised me how many smart, talented and visionary people there were before both in Ukraine and Russia !!!!! Why no one ever listened to them ????? Sorry !!!! ...
  7. walrus-a
    walrus-a 28 September 2015 14: 51 New
    Bestial offspring! A huge mistake by the authorities was that all these atrocities were not submitted to the UNIVERSAL discussion and this was somehow mentioned in passing. In the alarm it was necessary to blow and talk about these atrocities everywhere, to describe them in textbooks. The bashful silence led to the consequences that we are now witnessing in Ukraine, the same atrocities and bestial malice against our own people.
  8. Petrik66
    Petrik66 28 September 2015 15: 14 New
    About atrocities is best described in the work of the Polish historian Korman, it is called 135 methods of torture and atrocities used by terrorists of the OUN-UPA to the Polish population of the Eastern suburbs.
    after Khrushchev came to power, they smoothly headed for the banderization of Ukraine. I often went to the 80s and 90s in Kiev. it was surprising that the local "intelligentsia" all had roots from Ivanofrankivshchyna, Rivne, Ternopol. They had privileges when entering Kiev universities and, having received education, settled there. And how happy they were in 1991. Finally freed from the curses to her ..... Now it’s time for us to build a wall along the borders, declare quarantine and let them solve the problem on their own.
  9. Akulina
    Akulina 28 September 2015 15: 31 New
    And the moral is this - not to leave a single sprout from evil, as though I would not want to show generosity to the defeated enemy. All with blood in their hands are against the wall, children should be taken away as far as possible and given up to be raised in families. They regretted, forgiven - and here is the result, smoldered for so many years, was fed from abroad by sworn “friends” and jerked so that it is not clear how to drive all this evil back into the netherworld. How much blood has spilled and will still spill, and half of the country with warped brains ...
  10. rexby63
    rexby63 28 September 2015 15: 59 New
    By the way, the first president of the Nezalezhnoye also belonged to the OUN. Which not only did not hinder, but also contributed to becoming him first “the first communist” of Ukraine, and then the first president
  11. moskowit
    moskowit 28 September 2015 18: 13 New
    It will be necessary to look. I’m uploading it to a book, at lunch time I’ll look at work ...
  12. Sofia
    Sofia 29 September 2015 13: 43 New
    I remember, in one interview, Tikhonov was asked what film was the most difficult for him. He called this one. Yes...
  13. Svietovlad
    Svietovlad 30 September 2015 11: 57 New
    Thanks to the author, good article!