Military Review

The failed "lord of Russia"

33
The failed "lord of Russia" 90 years ago, 27 September 1925, the famous British intelligence officer Sydney George Reilly was arrested in Moscow. Employees of the United State Political Administration (OGPU) took the "king of espionage." There is an opinion that it was he who became one of the prototypes of the super-spy James Bond from the novels of Jan (Jena) Fleming. 5 November 1925. He was shot by the verdict of the Revolutionary Tribunal, rendered in absentia back in 1918 year. Before his death, he gave confessions about subversive activities against the USSR, gave him information about the agent network of British and American intelligence.


Rosenblum

Considerable books and articles abroad and in Russia, several films were made about the life of a British agent and special operations connected with him and his colleagues. However, it is still a mystery man. Apparently, we will never learn much from his life (as we know, the Anglo-Saxon special services do not like to give out their secrets, even the old ones). His activities and motives still have geopolitical significance. Reilly and his ilk were at the forefront of the struggle of the West against Russian civilization.

Even the exact place and time of his birth is unknown, there are only assumptions. Reilly himself claimed that he was born in Ireland, and if he recognized his birth in Russia, he often claimed that he was the son of a nobleman. According to the generally accepted version, Reilly was born under the name of Solomon Rosenblum in Odessa in 1874. He was also known under the names of Simon, Georgy and Zygmund. His father is a Jew, the broker is Mark Rosenblum, his mother is nee Massino. There are fragmentary data that the Rosenblyum family then lived on Aleksandrovsky Avenue, in the center of the city, that a few years after Solomon’s birth, he separated from his father, and his stepfather insulted and beat up a little boy. He may have graduated from the Odessa gymnasium and studied for several semesters at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at the University of Novorossiysk.

According to Reilly, he took part in the youth revolutionary movement, was arrested. After a break with his family, George Solomon leaves for Germany, where he studies at the philosophical faculty of the University of Heidelberg, and only then moves to Britain. According to another version, he first went to South America, and from there came to England. In England, he marries Irish Margaret Reilly-Kellegren (Reilly-Callaghan) and takes her maiden name. Hence the version of Irish-born Reilly, which he himself launched. Newly elected Sydney Reilly accepted Catholicism, achieved British citizenship and graduated from the University of London with a degree in chemistry. Reilly himself talked about studying at the prestigious University of Oxford, but this is doubtful. He simply did not have the money to study in this prestigious institution.

In 1897, his first expedition took place as a novice scout in the wilds of the Amazon. Although the future superspy started as a simple cook. He liked the major of the British special services Frezerdzhil, and he helped him. Some researchers believe that Reilly graduated from the Devonshire spy school.

He had several masks - an antiquary, a collector, a businessman, a pilot, an assistant naval attache of Great Britain, etc. His passion was women, with the help of them he solved two tasks at once - he received money and information. Even at the beginning of his espionage path, he married the rich widow Margaret. According to one version, he even eliminated her elderly husband. With the money of his wife and (obviously) British intelligence from Reilly, an international businessman with extensive geographic and complicated financial affairs turned out.

Enemy of Russia

At the end of the XIX century, he worked for some time in the English Embassy in St. Petersburg. Established ties with foreign Russian revolutionaries. At the beginning of the 20th century, Reilly appears in the strategic, oil district of Baku with a vague mission - either a scout, or a researcher of oil deposits.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Reilly couple lived in Persia, then in China. On the eve of the Russo-Japanese War, Reilly is already operating in Port Arthur, where the Russian naval base was located. Under the guise of a major timber merchant, Reilly manages to penetrate the highest Russian military society of Port Arthur and steal plans of military fortifications and ciphers, which he sold to the Japanese command for big money. Despite suspicion of espionage, Reilly returned safely to Russia, and from 1905 until the beginning of World War I, he worked as an assistant military attache.

Reilly also worked in the naval concern Mandrochovich and Shubarsky - Mandro. Reilly linked the Russian firm with the German shipyards, on which ships for the Russian were built fleet. As a result, all the information about Russian-German trade relations, about new types of Russian weapons, Railay sent to London. Reilly was another passion and cover aviation. He became a member of the St. Petersburg Flight Club and was one of the organizers of the flight from St. Petersburg to Moscow. In Britain, Sydney Reilly joined the Royal Air Force as a lieutenant. All this allowed Reilly to create a wide range of ties in Russia. Over a long period of stay in Russia, Reilly managed to become “his” in various circles, which will be very useful to him in the future. After the outbreak of World War I, Reilly mediates in the supply of English and American to Russia. weapons. Visits Japan as a representative of the Russian-Asian Bank.

Revolution and struggle with Soviet Russia

I must say that Reilly was different devilish self-conceit. His idol was Napoleon. He even collected things related to Napoleon. "The Corsican artillery lieutenant extinguished the flames of the French Revolution," said Sydney Reilly. “Why should the agent of British intelligence, with so many favorable data, not become the master of Moscow?” Later, after the failure of the “ambassadors’ conspiracy, ”Reilly said:“ I was a millimeter from becoming the sovereign of Russia. ”

At the same time, Reilly, like many small-town Jewish revolutionaries like him, was a real Russophobe and hater of Russia. He was one of Winston Churchill's advisers on the Russian problem and headed the organization of the struggle with the Soviet authorities. Reilly wrote that the Bolsheviks are a cancer that affects the foundations of civilization, “archivists of the human race” and even “the power of anti-christ”. “At all costs, this abomination, born in Russia, must be eliminated ... There is only one enemy. Humanity must unite against this midnight horror. ” Thus, the idea that the Northern (Russian) empire is “Mordor”, and the Russians “archivists of the human race”, “Orcs”, has long roots.

In December 1917, Reilly returned to Russia. According to him, he had to restore the network of British residency, to establish relations with the French and introduce agents to the main Soviet institutions, and in the future to overthrow Lenin and return Russia to the Entente camp. It must be said that there is an opinion that Reilly most often acted as an impostor, adventurer, skillfully imagined himself stories“Without any rights to that, because Ernest Beuys was the main resident of British intelligence in Russia.

Reilly was in Russia, leaving the English ship in Murmansk. He "seduced" the chairman of the Murmansk Council of Deputies A. Yuriev. Murmansk was of great importance in the plans of London and was to become the mainstay of the British intervention in Russia. In January, 1918, through Arkhangelsk, Sydney Reilly made his way to Petrograd under the guise of the Turkish merchant Massino (mother's maiden name). Reilly has developed a boisterous activity on the organization of an agent network. He settled down well in Soviet Russia, was a regular guest in state institutions, had patrons in the highest echelons of power. Had several girlfriends and mistresses. He easily recruited Soviet employees, receiving the necessary documents, had access to the Kremlin, having received a genuine certificate addressed to the employee of the Petrograd Cheka, Sydney Georgievich Rellinsky.

In February, 1918, Lieutenant Reilly, visits her native Odessa as part of the British mission, Colonel Boyle. This mission was sent to the Black Sea Coast official for the purpose of exchanging prisoners of war and their evacuation and tried to provide mediation services in peace talks between Romania and representatives of the Soviet government. The mission also monitored the situation in the south of the collapsed Russian empire, created a spy network and looked for "footholds" that could be used to fight the Bolsheviks.

In May, 1918, under the guise of a Serbian officer, Reilly transports from the rebel Don across the central Russia to the polar Murmansk Alexander Kerensky. So, the British saved the "favorite of the revolution" from imminent reprisal from the hands of both the red and the white. The former head of the Provisional Government, a freemason who made a great contribution to the destruction of Russia, quietly left for London and lived a long life. For some time in 1918, Reilly lived in provincial Vologda, working in the British vice-consulate and establishing contacts with the Social Revolutionaries.

A conspiracy of ambassadors

The pinnacle of Reilly's activity was an attempt to organize a coup d'etat in Soviet Russia. The plot was prepared by diplomatic representatives and intelligence agencies of Great Britain, France and the United States. Therefore, he received the name "conspiracy of three ambassadors" or "Affairs Locke". The head of the conspiracy in Russia was considered the head of a special British mission, Robert Lockhart. They planned to arrest Lenin and Trotsky and expel them to Arkhangelsk, from where they could be taken away by British ships. The liquidation of Vladimir Lenin, who was considered the main threat to the interests of the Entente in Russia, was considered admissible. This should have led to the collapse of the Soviet regime in Russia. According to another version, foreigners wanted to eliminate only Lenin, so that Trotsky could transfer all the power.

The main striking force of the coup in Soviet Russia was to be soldiers from the division of Latvian riflemen who guarded the Kremlin. Naturally, they were not free of charge, they had to effect a violent change of power in Russia. Reilly gave 1,2 million rubles to one of the commanders of Latvian riflemen Eduard Petrovich Berzin (he promised 5-6 million rubles in total). Berzin played a convinced conspirator, ready for a “historical act”, for the sake of the independence of “beloved Latvia” before the British. The plan of Reilly included the immediate seizure of the State Bank, the Central Telegraph and the telephone and other important institutions of the capital. However, the idea failed. The commander of the Latvian riflemen, Berzin, immediately transferred the money and all the information to the commissioner of the Latvian division, Peterson, and that to Sverdlov and Dzerzhinsky.

As a result, the conspiracy failed miserably. In the midst of the preparation of the uprising in Moscow and Petrograd, 30 August 1918, there were reports of the assassination of the head of the Petrograd Cheka, M. Uritzky, and the assassination attempt on Lenin. This story is dark, there is an opinion about the involvement in this case of Trotsky and Sverlov, who wanted to eliminate Lenin and seize power in Russia into their own hands. This led to the intensification of the Soviet special services. On August 31, the KGB cordoned off the British Embassy in Petrograd. But the British refused to surrender and resisted. The embassy was taken by storm and subjected to defeat. Attache Cromie died. In Moscow, a diplomat Lockhart and a resident intelligence Boyce were arrested. Lockhart sent. Reilly miraculously escaped execution. He was sentenced to death in absentia "at the first detection of them within the territory of Russia." Disguised as a priest, Reilly flees to Riga occupied by the Germans, and from there, on a false German passport, leaves for Holland and then to England.

Thus, foreign powers failed to continue the chain of “revolutions” (permanently according to Trotsky) in Russia, so that it was easier to catch fish in muddy water.

Further adventures of a British agent. Operation "Trust"

In England, Sydney did not linger. Having stayed in England for only a month and a half, Sydney Reilly again arrived in Russia seized by the Civil War. In December 1918, he and the military representatives of England and France meet in Ekaterinodar with volunteer officers. Reilly is involved in condemning the issue of the future "post-imperial space." Later he visited the Crimea and the Don. In February - March, 1919, Reilly is in French-White Guard Odessa, where secret talks were held between Petlyura agents and the French command about a possible alliance between France and the UNR. The scout met with the governor of Odessa, the White Guard General Grishin-Almazov, with assorted Russian and Ukrainian politicians.

Reilly managed to hold in Odessa the “Evening of the meeting of the former portarturovtsy”, to establish some secret communications, as well as relations with the “Council of the State Association of Russia” and with the Ukrainian “Union of grain-growers”. At the same time, the intelligence officer, like other foreigners, did not forget to “make money”. In those days, huge capital, gold, diamonds and various artistic values ​​of Russia are being taken abroad, and representatives of foreign intelligence services actively participated in the process in Odessa and other “walk-through” cities of Russia. True, Reilly did not make a lot of capital, although he tried. In his native Odessa, he was pushed aside by more nimble comrades in the "cloak and dagger" workshop.

Since 1918, Reilly has worked closely with Boris Savinkov. Later he noted: “... I spent whole days with Savinkov, right up to his departure to the Soviet border. I enjoyed his full confidence, and his plans were worked out with me. ” Reilly sought to finance Savinkov’s adventures from the British, French, Polish, and Czechoslovak governments, and sometimes he financed it himself. With his help, during the Soviet-Polish war 1920 of the year, an "army" was organized in Poland under the leadership of Stanislav Bulak-Balakhovich. Savinkov’s unofficial circles behind Reilly were seriously considered in 1924 year as the future dictator of Russia.

In April 1919, Reilly was evacuated from Odessa to Constantinople along with the French. Returned to London, participated in the work of the Paris Peace Conference. Apparently, as early as 1920, Reilly was excluded from intelligence operations against Russia. His eccentricity began to annoy the authorities. Reilly is increasingly losing touch with reality. He sometimes considers himself a “savior of civilization” and a new prophet, trying to impose his opinion on the government. Reilly clearly suffered from a mental disorder.

Reilly, at his own peril and risk, continues to fight the "archivists of the human race." He traveled around the United States with anti-Soviet lectures, urging emigrant circles to fight against the "red danger". Forms a branch of the International Anti-Bolshevik League in the USA. Reilly manages to get some sums to fight the USSR from the Ford Foundation. At the same time, Reilly made a number of successful speculations and became rich. He entered the highest circles of English society, talked with Churchill.

Lenin's death inspired Raleigh. Through his contacts in Russia, he knew that the opposition was revived. Among the Bolsheviks themselves there were major disagreements. Reilly returns to the idea of ​​establishing a dictatorship in Russia, which will rely on various military and political elements, strong peasants (kulaks). In the role of dictator, Reilly saw Savinkov. He believed that in Russia it was necessary to create a regime that would be similar to the Italian one headed by Mussolini. For this, he hoped to organize an uprising in Russia. According to his plan, Britain and France declared the Soviet regime “criminal and illegal” (the Libyan and Syrian scenarios are not unique, they already had analogies in the past, Western intelligence services are polishing the old methods). At the same time, external intervention was to begin: attacks by White Guard units from Yugoslavia and Romania, the advance of the Polish army against Kiev, and the Finnish army against Petrograd. In the Caucasus, the Georgians were supposed to raise an uprising. In the future, the Caucasus was going to create an “independent” Caucasian Federation under the British-French protectorate, and transfer the oil fields to foreign companies. The ideas of Sydney Reilly were supported by Russophobes and anti-Soviet in Finland, Poland and Romania. Italian fascist dictator Benito Mussolini also supported these plans. According to Reilly, "a grand counter-revolutionary conspiracy was nearing realization." However, the Soviet security officers thwarted and this grand adventure. Savinkov was lured into Soviet territory and arrested.

Not surprisingly, Moscow wanted to eliminate the overly active anti-Soviet. Back in August 1924, Dzerzhinsky ordered the British to be lured into the USSR and arrested. The plan of operation was prepared by Heinrich Yagoda. The arrest of Reilly was to complete a multi-figured combination called “The Trust”. The operation took place in 1921 — 1926. In its course, the fake organization of the anti-Bolshevik underground, the Monarchist Association of Central Russia (MACR), was created, with the help of which the KGB caught ardent enemies of the USSR, monarchists and anti-Bolsheviks. Among those arrested was Savinkov.

To capture Reilly in their networks, the Chekists used the agent of British intelligence in Estonia Hill, who worked with Reilly in Russia, and also was an adviser to Trotsky. It was a double agent who worked simultaneously on Soviet and British intelligence. In 1925, Hill summoned Reilly to meet with the leadership of the alleged anti-Soviet underground in the USSR. Sydney accepted an invitation that killed him. The Soviet secret services, in order to misinform the British, reported in the press that two smugglers were killed while attempting to violate the border, and hinted that Agent Reilly was among those killed.

In fact, Reilly was still alive. He was “led” for some time, in September 1925 of the year he arrived in Moscow. Reilly organized a meeting with an imaginary underground, to which he handed over a large sum of money and promised more, and only then arrested. After Reilly told everyone he knew about British and American espionage and Soviet political emigration, 5 in November 1925 was shot. Thus ended the life of one of the most famous adventurers of the XX century.
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  1. Dimy4
    Dimy4 28 September 2015 06: 29 New
    +10
    There is an opinion that it was he who became one of the prototypes of the James Bond super spy ... he was shot by the verdict of the Revolutionary Tribunal,

    These are the grandmother and the super spy. On the contrary to the NKVD you will not trample.
    1. sherp2015
      sherp2015 28 September 2015 07: 02 New
      +6
      Quote: Dimy4
      There is an opinion that it was he who became one of the prototypes of the James Bond super spy ... he was shot by the verdict of the Revolutionary Tribunal,


      What a vile personality this Reilly is, even in the photograph.
      In life, this scum was even more vile ...
      1. jjj
        jjj 28 September 2015 09: 52 New
        +3
        Quote: Dimy4
        On the contrary to the NKVD you will not trample.

        Then there was the Cheka.
        And in 1918, before the events of mid-August, there was still 6 of July - the rebellion of the Left Social Revolutionaries, the assassination of the German Ambassador Mirbach
  2. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 28 September 2015 06: 36 New
    +4
    These were gigantic plans that many wanted to participate in. It didn’t work out !!
    Thank you for the article.
  3. strelets
    strelets 28 September 2015 06: 58 New
    +6
    Mania of greatness has destroyed more than one head. In general, this is what you should do with the enemies of Russia. Either the execution - or an ice ax.
    1. sherp2015
      sherp2015 28 September 2015 07: 03 New
      +1
      Quote: strelets
      Mania of greatness has destroyed more than one bright head.


      I don’t know what a bright head was, scum with black thoughts ...
  4. brelok
    brelok 28 September 2015 07: 02 New
    +2
    Nothing new under the moon! Everything that is done by the All-Saxons has been studied for a long time!
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 28 September 2015 07: 23 New
    +8
    So, the British saved the “favorite of the revolution” from inevitable reprisals from the hands of both red and white...But they didn’t want to save the tsar in this way .. I’m to the one who started the February revolution and for what purpose ..
    1. Dimy4
      Dimy4 28 September 2015 09: 42 New
      +5
      But the tsar’s father represented legitimate authority, and that was exactly what the Anglo-Saxons and other Germans needed. The bigger the mess, the better.
      1. The point
        The point 17 October 2015 06: 53 New
        0
        Just like in one of the most European countries.
  6. Russian Uzbek
    Russian Uzbek 28 September 2015 07: 26 New
    -3
    "" According to another version, the foreigners only wanted to eliminate Lenin so that Trotsky would transfer all the fullness of power ""
    I read up to this proposal and threw it ... the author has a direct road to the nonsense-tv to Prokopenko ...
    That's what violent fantasy and mind-expanding drugs do!
    1. dmb
      dmb 28 September 2015 18: 23 New
      +1
      Well, in vain, there are no less funny passages. Well, for example, about Mussolini, who especially in the 1924 year was not a fig to do, except how to join in a raid against Soviet Russia together with Reilly. Hitler was not attached here apparently only because he was sitting in the prison at that time, in general, no one was and he was not called at all. Pleased with ties to the present (the mention of the Libyan and Syrian scenarios greatly adorned the article). True, contrary to previous own publications and the opinion expressed by the masses on the site, the author now scolds the accursed Anglo-Saxons only for the February revolution. Otherwise, it would be difficult to explain, what the hell do they swear to overthrow the power that they have just approved, i.e. the author (unlike many commentators) is not without logic.
    2. avt
      avt 29 September 2015 15: 50 New
      0
      Quote: Russian Uzbek
      I read up to this proposal and threw it ... the author has a direct road to the nonsense-tv to Prokopenko ...
      That's what violent fantasy and mind-expanding drugs do!

      And if you look, you will find a chain of facts of rebellion of the left SRs, well, for example. That's when a member of the Cheka, Simha Yankelevich Blyumkin, according to the official Soviet gishtoria with a fake mandate of the Cheka, slammed the German ambassador Mirbach and didn’t do iron Felix for him, but only reassured Stalin. Well, when Trotsky drove into Turkey and Yakov / Simcha connected from Trotsky to the USSR darted. Then the main detachment of the “Left SRs”, for some reason, became the “anarchist detachment” under the command of Popov, again according to the official version of Soviet gishtoriks. This detachment, for a moment, anarchists, was actually something Cheka in Moscow wassat and interestingly, he captured from Dzerzhinsky and his deputy, Peters, it seems. But then the Latvian arrows came from Moscow and Vova Lenin began to keep the bank. Well, naturally, the main persons I mentioned from the Bolsheviks got off at that moment ... ... but nothing! Everyone was attributed to ,, anarchists "and the SRs. Well, if you take into account that the “leaders of the World Revolution“ stood around in different places - Trotsky through uncle Abram Zhivotovsky among the arrogant Saxons and Americans, and Vova Ulyanov / Lenin through Krasin and Gelfand increasingly gravitated towards the German-Swiss branch, then the picture with the same Rosenblum / Reilly fits quite well.
      1. dmb
        dmb 29 September 2015 19: 20 New
        0
        And let’s try to bring together a chain of facts and not selectively. The main disagreement between the Bolsheviks and Socialist-Revolutionaries that made up the Government of the country was the Brest Peace. And then the murder of Mirbakh, as a reason for his dissolution by the Left Social Revolutionaries Blumkin and Andreev, officially delegated to the Cheka by the party, is quite logical. It is quite logical that the left-wing Social Revolutionary Popov led the Cheka. If you call this detachment anarchist, it would be nice to bring a serious source. As for the "belated death" of Blyumkin, you should probably not forget that there was no unanimity regarding the Brest Peace and the Bolsheviks. In addition to the well-known Trotsky against him and Dzerzhinsky spoke. Just in those days, the concepts of the enemy were somewhat different. See the sentence for the leaders of the rebellion. I dare to assure you, even in the years of blessed stagnation with the unforgettable Ilyich 2 (Brezhnev), the most humane court would have rolled a tower into them, even if it hadn’t come to the shooting. It’s not entirely clear the truth why you “fastened” the Left Socialist-Revolutionary rebellion against Railay. But in order to more clearly demonstrate my thesis about the classy of the enemy, I recall the fate of Reilly and Savinkov. The first one was slapped, in which he escaped with a dime. (We will leave the conspiracy theories about throwing him out of the window and ... there Solzhenitsyn.
        1. avt
          avt 30 September 2015 10: 56 New
          0
          Quote: dmb
          . As for the "belated death" of Blyumkin, you should probably not forget that there was no unanimity regarding the Brest Peace and the Bolsheviks. In addition to the well-known Trotsky against him and Dzerzhinsky spoke.

          Nothing about the same ??? laughing

          Quote: dmb
          . The first one was slapped, in the second he escaped with a piece of gold. (We will leave the conspiratorial versions of throwing him out of the window

          And where did he unwind his "ten" ??? Vasya Stalin and Sudoplatov with comrades specifically in the Vladimir Central. And Savinkov ???
          Quote: dmb
          .tam and Solzhenitsyn.

          Even here it is known about Solzhenitsyn, but where and how did Savinkov "sit"?
  7. Riv
    Riv 28 September 2015 08: 33 New
    +6
    Dzerzhinsky did not stand on ceremony with a counter. Need to storm the embassy? Have taken. Need to arrest diplomats? Arrested. And we all clatter. Tefft went to Vladivostok - so even a liter of green stuff was not poured onto the head.
    1. jjj
      jjj 28 September 2015 09: 57 New
      +3
      The Western powers did not recognize Soviet power. Thus, the embassies did not have extraterritoriality and diplomatic immunity, but were ordinary real estate. For comparison, in Ukraine, after the recent coup before Russia, there were two ways: to recognize Poroshenko and save the embassy, ​​or not to recognize and receive the defeat of the diplomatic mission
      1. Riv
        Riv 28 September 2015 10: 30 New
        +1
        And then international recognition did not play a special role. If the government of the country regards itself as a legitimate government (one can argue about the Bolsheviks, by the way), then it is at least formally obliged to follow the norms of international law. The Bolsheviks just tried to do this, demanding the presentation of credentials from foreign ambassadors. Diplomatic relations were established with Turkey and China (history repeats itself, right?) The West (with the exception of Germany) pulled with this and demanded the return of royal debts. However, consulates and embassies functioned and international conventions were de facto enforced.
  8. Free wind
    Free wind 28 September 2015 08: 52 New
    +2
    Well, not a super agent, just a rogue, but talented. It is a prototype of Gadfly in the book of Voynich, she was his mistress, he illegally traded weapons. He was a counterfeiter, or rather, he was transferring counterfeit money to Russia, and he received a ticket to the moon quite deservedly.
    1. Turkir
      Turkir 28 September 2015 09: 28 New
      +2
      What a rascal, the adventurer agrees. British intelligence pulling talent? I agree.
      Interested in information about the Gadfly. Do not share the source?
    2. iouris
      iouris 28 September 2015 10: 44 New
      +1
      And with whom is Osia Bender written (Berta-Maria-Bender-Bay)?
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 28 September 2015 11: 13 New
        +2
        The main prototype of Bender is Osip (Ostap) Shor, a former employee of the Odessa criminal investigation department, the older brother of the poet Nathan Shor (Violetov). Writer Valentin Kataev indirectly speaks out in favor of this version: “as for the central figure of Ostap Bender’s novel, it was written from one of our Odessa friends. In his life, of course, he bore a different surname, and the name Ostap was kept as very rare. The prototype of Ostap Bender was the elder brother of one wonderful young poet ... He had no relation to literature and served in the criminal investigation department to combat banditry ... ”According to researcher Sergei Belyakov, the prototype of Bender is Valentin Kataev.
        1. Turkir
          Turkir 29 September 2015 07: 58 New
          +1
          Everything is correct. And Sergey Belyakov cannot know more than Valentin Kataev.
          The idea of ​​12 chairs was presented by Valentin Kataev to his brother Eugene (pseudonym Petrov) and Ilya Ilf.
  9. Abracadabrus
    Abracadabrus 28 September 2015 10: 04 New
    +2
    Ah, that would be the result for Mr. Tefft ...
  10. Belousov
    Belousov 28 September 2015 10: 59 New
    +2
    Dog - a dog's death.
    1. ALEA IACTA EST
      ALEA IACTA EST 28 September 2015 19: 46 New
      0
      Execute an enemy spy - throw your own.
  11. Andryukha G
    Andryukha G 28 September 2015 13: 20 New
    0
    The policy of the Anglo-Saxons over the past 300 years has not changed and will not change - this is the destabilization of strong and self-sufficient states (by the way, 3 of the 5 congresses of the RSDLP party (before the 17th revolution) took place in London, so none of the party members was surprised when Comrade Stalin asked "And not Is he an English spy? ". The merit of the Cheka-NKVD is that Russia was saved from many spies (then).
  12. CosmoKot
    CosmoKot 28 September 2015 14: 08 New
    0
    What super spy is he if they took him, and then they shot him ?! wassat
  13. chelovektapok
    chelovektapok 28 September 2015 15: 58 New
    0
    "For a long time the music played, for a long time the fraer danced .." (c). VChK- it was serious and international! 1925 No matter how "repression". The "immortal" of everything and business began to play. The "superman" was ruined by the attitude towards the Russians, as to the natives. The intervention, again - "the campaign of the white civilization towards the barbarians" did not teach anything. The result is lead poisoning through a hole in the skull, as a diagnosis. And science follows ...
  14. timyr
    timyr 28 September 2015 17: 00 New
    0
    And some say they say that Comrade Stalin had paranoia. Everywhere spies seem to be imagining, but Railay just rode around Russia. For a long time, the NKVD uprooted the spies.
  15. ALEA IACTA EST
    ALEA IACTA EST 28 September 2015 19: 23 New
    0
    It is strange that he was executed, and not exchanged for any of our failed moles.
  16. moskowit
    moskowit 28 September 2015 19: 36 New
    +1
    All of these events in our history are described in great detail in the book of D. Golinkov, "The Collapse of the Anti-Soviet Underground in the USSR"
  17. moskowit
    moskowit 28 September 2015 19: 52 New
    +1
    I see the portrait of Sydney Reilly for the first time. How could he impersonate an Irishman? Truly a Semitic face! Pronounced type. Just, for God's sake, don’t take me for anti-Semite ... Just stating a fact. In the film "Operation" Trust "he was played by Vsevolod Yakut. Representative actor with an aristocratic appearance, a very avant-garde, textured man. True by the name of Abramovich.
  18. mitrich
    mitrich 28 September 2015 20: 28 New
    +1
    To put it mildly, I do not like this oprichnina in the form of the Cheka-OGPU-NKVD, many Russian people tortured and ruined, but this reptile was spanked correctly.