Military Review

Anti-ship missile X-59MK "Ovod-MK"

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Tactical aviation X-59 air-to-surface guided missiles were originally intended to destroy enemy ground targets. Such weapon could be used to attack staffs, warehouses, infrastructure and other stationary targets. At the same time, the target was hit with a circular probable deviation at the level of 2-3 m and at ranges (depending on the type of rocket) to 110-120 km. At the beginning of the two thousand years, the X-59 family of missiles was replenished with new weapons. Continuing the development of the old project, Raduga GosMKB, now part of the Tactical Missile Armament Corporation (KTRV), developed the Ovod-MK X-59MK anti-ship missile.


The existence of a new project became known in 2001 year. During the MAKS exhibition, the development organization for the first time showed a model of a promising anti-ship missile and announced some information about these weapons. In the new project it was planned to use the existing developments and technical solutions, as well as a number of new equipment. All this allowed to improve the characteristics of the existing rocket, as well as to occupy a new tactical niche. New modification of existing weapons was proposed for the destruction of surface targets of various types.

The Ovod-MK project was developed on the basis of the existing X-59MK rocket. The new rocket retained the overall architecture and layout, as well as the aerodynamic appearance. In this case, it was decided to seriously revise the composition of the onboard equipment, as well as to abandon the two-step scheme mastered and tested by time. The last revision made it possible to increase the fuel stock, which had a positive effect on the maximum flight range.

Anti-ship missile X-59MK "Ovod-MK"
General view of the X-59MK rocket. Photo Rbase.new-factory.ru


In general, the design of the X-59MK and X-59M missiles is similar. However, a newer product has some differences due to the need to enhance various characteristics. Anti-ship missile with the index "MK" received a cylindrical body with a streamlined head. In connection with the change in the composition of the control systems, the hull received the head part in the form of a truncated cone widening in front and a radio transparent head fairing. A gargrot is preserved on the bottom surface of the case. As before, it was proposed to install a set of destabilizers and X-shaped wings on the side of the case. A pylon with a cylindrical engine cover was provided under the gargrot.

In order to increase the flight range, it was decided to equip the rocket with an additional fuel tank. He was placed in a cylindrical tail compartment with a fairing. The compartment of the additional tank was proposed to be mounted in the tail of the hull, where previous missiles had a drop-off starting solid-fuel engine. Nasal destabilizers, which improve missile controllability, were also seriously reworked. The first X-59MK samples demonstrated at the beginning of the last decade were attended by folding two-section destabilizers similar to those used on earlier rockets of the family. In the future, such a design was abandoned, using unfolded trapezoid planes with an arrow-shaped leading edge.

The design of the X-shaped wings remained the same. They had a large sweep and a set of steering wheels on the rear edge. Thus, despite the refinement of destabilizers, the overall aerodynamic shape of the rocket as a whole remained unchanged.

The total length of the X-59MK rocket is 5,7 m, the case diameter is 420 mm in the head part and 380 mm in the central part. Wingspan - 1,3 m. The launch weight of the Gadfly-MK remained at the level of the previous product of the family - no more than 930 kg.


Scheme rocket X-59MK earlier version. The product has the "old" folding destabilizers. Figure Airwar.ru


According to reports, the layout of the internal volume of the body of the new rocket was fully borrowed from the previous product family. The head of the hull was still homing head and part of the control equipment. Behind her, a warhead was positioned, behind which a central fuel tank was placed. In the tail of the case a place was provided for an additional hardware compartment with steering wheels and tail fuel tank.

The main innovation of the X-59MK project was the use of the active radar homing head ARGS-59E, created by NPP Radar-Mms (St. Petersburg). This product allowed to radically change the method of combat use and to ensure the possibility of performing new combat missions. In addition, the new GOS is able to search for a target and aim at it without the help of an aircraft carrier. Thus, in the new rocket, for the first time in the family, the principle of "launched-forgotten" is implemented.

The homing head ARGS-59E is designed for independent detection of large surface radar-contrast targets. A search for objects with an EPR of at least 300 sq.m — large boats and ships of various types is provided. A target search is also provided at any time of the day and in all weather conditions, including at sea conditions up to 6 points. Declared the ability to search and attack targets both in the open sea and near the coast.

The maximum range of a missile launch depends on the size of the target and its visibility for the radar GPS. So, for relatively small boats, this parameter is 145 km. Large ships can be attacked from a distance of up to 285 km. In this case, the probability of hitting a “boat” target with one missile is 0,7-0,93. Larger targets are hit with probability up to 0,9-0,96. Thus, no more than a few missiles are required to destroy a destroyer or cruiser.


Turbojet engine TRDD-50AT. Photo Rbase.new-factory.ru


The X-59MK missile control system has a standard flight program at minimum altitude, which increases the likelihood of an effective breakthrough to the target through the zone of naval air defense. On the cruise flight, the rocket moves at an altitude of 10-15 m, near the target it drops to 4-7 m.

The Ovod-MK missile carries a penetrating warhead weighing 320 kg. Such a product allows you to cause serious damage to targets of all types due to the undermining of the charge inside the attacked ship. The power of the warhead is one of the main factors affecting the combat effectiveness of the rocket.

Keeping the layout of the previous rocket of the family, the product X-59MK gets the main engine, which is made on the pylon under the gargrotto of the hull. As before, the product uses a twin-turbojet engine placed on a pylon under the hull. In the new project it was proposed to use the engine type TRDD-50AT (36МТ), created by the Omsk engine-building design bureau and produced by NPO Saturn. The engine with a takeoff 450 kgf has a length of 850 mm and a maximum diameter of 330 mm. Net weight of the device - 82 kg. To control the operation of the power plant, an electronic-hydraulic control system was included in the onboard equipment of the rocket. Also in the engine there is a built-in electric generator to supply energy to the onboard units of the rocket.

The used engine allows the rocket to reach speeds from 900 to 1050 km / h. At the same time, it is possible to maneuver in height from 200 m to 11 km. However, after dropping from the carrier, the rocket goes into a dive and sinks to the height of a cruise of the order of 10-15 m.


The layout of the X-59MK rocket as part of the KTRV exposition at the MAKS-2015 cabin. Photo by Saidpvo.livejournal.com


The carriers of anti-ship missiles X-59MK can be domestic aircraft of various types, capable of carrying aircraft ejection devices AKU-58-1 and use missiles with active radar homing aircraft. During the first shows of the new missile, it was claimed that its carriers could be various planes of the Su-27 family. To date, the product “Ovod-MK” is included in the nomenclature of weapons of the Su-30 multi-role fighter.

During the past decade, the X-59MK anti-ship missile passed all the necessary tests and went into mass production. The first customer of such weapons was the Russian air force.

In the middle of the two thousandth, GosMKB Raduga was once again engaged in updating the X-59 family of guided missiles. This time, the newest X-59MK was taken as the basis for the new development. At its base, the X-59MK2 product was created with a new guidance system using satellite navigation and a television homing head. In addition, to date, and X-59MK2 managed to become the basis for a completely new guided missile. All new missiles of the “Gadfly” family are regularly displayed at various exhibitions of weapons and military equipment.


On the materials of the sites:
http://ktrv.ru/
http://airwar.ru/
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/
http://vpk.name/
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  1. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 6 October 2015 07: 34 New
    +1
    On board the computer lay the images of all the ships of the countries of NATO and others like them. The missiles are fired "approximately" into the area of ​​the warrant of the ships, when approaching, the missile uses the radar to find targets and selects the most important and ... to the waterline area .... Interestingly, these missiles are used individually or can act as Granite missiles in exchange information and distribute goals?
    1. FID
      FID 6 October 2015 10: 10 New
      +1
      Quote: Zaurbek
      On board the computer lay the images of all the ships of the countries of NATO and others like them.

      Not "images", but EPR ... A rocket attacks the BIGGEST object ...
      1. Kalmar
        Kalmar 6 October 2015 12: 03 New
        +1
        Those. if the attacked group will include some unnecessary tanker with mounted reflectors, will the rockets be friendly at it?
        1. FID
          FID 6 October 2015 12: 24 New
          +1
          Yes, somewhere like that ... And this is not only with us, but also with the "rivals". But not ALL missiles, the coordinates and characteristics of the target are laid in the "brain" of the rocket before the "mathematical detachment" of the rocket from the carrier ... Once I was engaged in autopilot rockets, I remember something else ...
          1. snc
            snc 6 October 2015 13: 29 New
            -1
            So all the same, the characteristics of the target are laid in the rocket, and not just "fly and loupe along the largest"? You contradict yourself. And when exactly was this? It seems to me since then guidance systems have grown wiser.
            1. FID
              FID 6 October 2015 14: 16 New
              +3
              What do I contradict myself with? Once again - not IMAGES, but characteristics. In the drum of the aircraft, or on the suspensions of several missiles, the characteristics are laid down in EVERYTHING, what else is not clear? The operator can choose a few different targets and their characteristics "put" in the autopilots of various missiles according to the order of launches ...
              1. Kalmar
                Kalmar 6 October 2015 14: 44 New
                +3
                Once again - not IMAGES, but characteristics.

                It feels like you have snc terminological confusion. Is the totality of values ​​of characteristics - isn't that the same "image"? It is clear that not Wikipedia pictures are poured into a rocket.
          2. Kalmar
            Kalmar 6 October 2015 14: 14 New
            0
            Yes, somewhere like that ... And this is not only with us, but also with the "rivals"

            Hmm, about the same "Granites" it was always written that they are able to determine (approximately) the type of ship in the field of view and select the one you need. I understand this so that it is still not stupidly aimed at the biggest spot on the radar.

            The light anti-ship missiles (their Harpoon, our X-35) also mention a certain target selection system: they say that when attacking a group of ships, each missile selects a target for itself according to some probabilistic algorithm. This should just prevent the situation when the whole flock flies to one ship, ignoring the rest.
        2. ancient
          ancient 6 October 2015 14: 54 New
          +2
          Quote: Kalmar
          Those. if the attacked group will include some unnecessary tanker with mounted reflectors


          Any enemy grouping includes false target ships, not necessarily tankers, or something else. Usually they put corner reflectors on these ships to increase the EPR value or "create" them electronically.
          A common practice since .. "the king of peas."
          So dear SSI TOTALLY RIGHT! +! drinks
          1. Boa kaa
            Boa kaa 7 October 2015 00: 59 New
            +2
            Quote: ancient
            Any enemy grouping includes false target ships, not necessarily tankers, or something else.
            Dear Alexander 2! This is not true. There are no extra ships in the sea. Target rakes only in trials, at the target position. But the fact that an adversary electronically can create a false KOH, DesO, AUG - that's for sure! Ours were bought on this more than once in the Mediterranean, while the RZK did not prick the “manuhu”.
            I do not share the assessment of the correctness of the SSI. I'm sorry. Boa KAA.
            1. FID
              FID 8 October 2015 14: 25 New
              0
              Quote: BoA KAA
              I do not share the assessment of the correctness of the SSI. I'm sorry. Boa KAA.

              I'm sorry, did you do autopilots for rockets? If not, then please argue ....
      2. opus
        opus 6 October 2015 15: 35 New
        +3
        Quote: SSI
        A rocket attacks the BIGGEST object ...

        not so.
        1. Rather than EPR, but EOP
        2. Two-stage guidance: autonomously programmed in the initial part of the flight, followed by homing when reaching the target detection line. The position of the target must be set before the flight, and its coordinates are programmed in the storage device PRNA carrier. At the exit to the line of capture of the radar navigation system from the target, homing begins with the help of the radar of the seeker: the ESR of the target is compared with the base that was laid from the carrier.
        Coincide attack. It did not coincide (disappeared, sank, escaped), reset the target, and only then attack the target with the largest image intensifier.


        otherwise ....
        otherwise, all missiles would fly only at the cruiser, ignoring the destroyers, destroyers and cruisers.

        "frontier" also depends on the image intensifier
        • target type destroyer, cruiser with image intensifier from 5000 m2, km - 258
        • boat with an image intensifier from 300m2, km - 145

        1. Boa kaa
          Boa kaa 7 October 2015 01: 11 New
          +2
          Quote: opus
          "frontier" also depends on the image intensifier

          In aviation, RCC is not strong. About the Navy, I can say that the * Boundary * of the opening of the GOS RCC depends on the flight altitude (trajectory) and its capture width. At the same time, it should overlap with the OMEC. So, in the B-14 trajectory, Basalt (Granite and K *) opened its GOS for 150 km from the OVMTS, since the width of the search for its GOS was +/- 75 km. And the logic of the volley missiles was "from left to right through one." (I am writing, since Basalts have been retired). About modestly keep silent. hi
          1. opus
            opus 7 October 2015 16: 13 New
            +1
            Quote: BoA KAA
            In aviation, RCC is not strong.

            Yes, all the same.
            Quote: BoA KAA
            GOS RCC depends on the flight altitude (trajectory) and its width.

            and of course from EOP.u Basalt will be the same, dependence on EOP
            Well this is a priori, there is no height in ESD

            instead of EPR-EOP,
            the altitude of the radar seeker does not matter for the detection range, if .....
            when it comes to "direct" visibility (excluding) curvature.


            Quote: opus
            • target type destroyer, cruiser with image intensifier from 5000 m2 km - 258
            • boat with Image intensifier from 300m2, km - 145
      3. Boa kaa
        Boa kaa 7 October 2015 00: 48 New
        +3
        Quote: SSI
        The missile attacks the BIGGEST object. And this is not only with us, but also with the rivals.
        Good evening, Sergey Ivanovich!
        I allow myself to disagree with you. Even in my youth, our anti-ship missiles had the logic of target allocation for the AMG order. So not all salvo missiles will go to the largest EPR targets.
        Yours faithfully, hi
    2. opus
      opus 6 October 2015 15: 38 New
      +2
      Quote: Zaurbek
      On board the computer lay the images of all the ships of the countries of NATO and others like them.


      Not all at once, essno. "head" is not enough at 59 for everything

      Quote: Zaurbek
      or can they act like Granite missions in an exchange of information and distribute targets?


      group start

      Even with a single-shot group start, the position of the target and its image intensifier are set

      but of course there is no "exchange".

      X-59 (X-59M) with TGSN "contacts" with the carrier in real time. But not among themselves

      The communication range is 140 km.

      The hardware suspension container PK-9 (APK-8), equipped with antenna units of the front and rear hemispheres, provides the guidance process after turning the carrier to the opposite course, allowing the aircraft to leave the attack after launch without entering the anti-aircraft fire zone, and the radio command correction real time ...

      the same in principle with M2 (E)
      1. tlauicol
        tlauicol 7 October 2015 06: 08 New
        0
        (C) opus: “Even with a single launch, the position of the target and its image intensifier are set” - of course, otherwise you can pick up a couple of fishing trawlers or hit a tugboat instead of a frigate.
        And during a volley launch for a group target, a simple algorithm worked: the GOS missiles were switched on at different times, respectively, some of the missiles hit the first oncoming ships (for example, guard ships), the rest of the missiles just fly by, including the GOS later, etc. Or: part of the missiles attacks the left / right ships (depending on the construction), part is the center of the battle formation or the largest target. Missiles do not have any information exchange, not even Basalt or Granite
        1. opus
          opus 7 October 2015 16: 31 New
          +1
          Quote: Tlauicol
          The goal was a simple algorithm:

          no not like this.
          defeat of the GOAL of RCC does not mean the destruction of its image intensifier tube, it can even become larger (roughly speaking, a pipe or a piece of the housing turned to the side, a fire also increases the image intensifier).
          And?
          And all of your RCC hit on the first comer, who are already struck
          Quote: Tlauicol
          fly by, including GOS later

          where did they fly?
          GOS "turns on" at a given program line. 150-200km to a given target coordinates. and they began to search for it, then to identify and distribute it.
          of course
          Quote: Tlauicol
          GOS missiles turned on at different times
          , tk
          volley is not simultaneous
          -PKR do not go to the target with the phalanx, perpendicular to the course (this is not done)
          - targets have different coordinates (range) relative to the launch point

          Quote: Tlauicol
          Missiles do not have any information exchange, not even Basalt or Granite

          the X-59MK does not, for the X-59 (X-59M) it is possible to implement, since they exchange information with the carrier /
          3M45 / SS-N-19 SHIPWRECK and 3K45-2 for the complexes "Granite" and "Granite-2" have.
          RK Granit provided for the creation of an anti-ship missile with autonomous (without interaction with the carrier) selection of the main target in the ship order and universal launch - surface or underwater.

          active radar seeker and a system for exchanging information between missiles (SOIR) volley with several channels of reception and transmission of information.

          Through SOIR, data was exchanged on the radar of the GOS missiles, the battle order of the missiles was coordinated, depending on the attack scheme.

          Most likely the connection on the side lobes of a 2-band radar seeker.

          After determining the coordinates of the targets, designated with target distribution and their motion parameters, a missile with the radar turned off decreases to a low altitude and flies to the point of the estimated target coordinates. When approaching the point of the estimated coordinates of the target, the radar (sight) turns on and the target is captured. Each RCC goes to its goal according to earlier target allocation
  2. snc
    snc 6 October 2015 11: 19 New
    0
    Still, the engine on the pylon is an extremely dubious decision. The ESR and air resistance are doubled.
    1. FID
      FID 6 October 2015 12: 27 New
      0
      Quote: snc
      Still, the engine on the pylon is an extremely dubious decision. The ESR and air resistance are doubled.

      And the EPR rocket goes through the lantern ... They usually fly along one of 10-12 paths laid by programmers - with an envelope, without envelope, with anti-aircraft maneuver, without it, or just hanging out in the air ...
    2. Kalmar
      Kalmar 6 October 2015 14: 08 New
      +1
      Still, the engine on the pylon is an extremely dubious decision. EPR and air resistance doubled

      I don’t know about resistance, but with ESR I don’t see a particular problem in this case. The rocket flies at low altitude, i.e. most of the trajectory (before reaching the line of sight), its attacked connection can be observed only from above (from AWACS aircraft, for example). From this angle, the engine under the belly is not visible.
  3. snc
    snc 6 October 2015 13: 32 New
    0
    "EPR on the lantern" But is it nothing that the enemy will detect the missile much earlier and will have more time to react?
    1. FID
      FID 6 October 2015 14: 18 New
      +1
      And he will not find the carrier? Or just decided to fly a plane?
      1. Kalmar
        Kalmar 6 October 2015 14: 42 New
        0
        And he will not find the carrier? Or just decided to fly a plane?

        If the carrier managed to shoot back at the time of detection, there is no sense in fighting it. Even if you knock it down, it will not hurt the fired rocket.
  4. snc
    snc 6 October 2015 16: 25 New
    0
    The carrier can also approach the launch line at low altitude and shoot using external target designation.
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 7 October 2015 01: 19 New
      +1
      Quote: snc
      The carrier can also approach the launch line at low altitude and shoot using external target designation.
      Of course it can. Here are just a range of RCC strongly depends on the height of the launch. And this means that the carrier must climb into the air defense zone of the compound so that the missile can reach the target. And this, frankly, is not comme il faut!
  5. snc
    snc 7 October 2015 02: 20 New
    0
    On the marching portion of the flight, the rocket moves at an altitude of 10-15 m, near the target it decreases to 4-7 m.

    Those. starting height is not critical.